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NEW W*0 R 1 


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An Recount of the Original or Proper Senfe, and Various Significa- 
, Vliftkisof all Hard WORDS derived from other Languages, viz. Hebrew, Arobick, 

Syr iock, Greek, Latin, Italia*, French, Spanish, Britifb, Saxon, Dantjb, Dutch, 8cc. 

as now made ufe of in our Englifi Tongue. * 

Together with 

Brief and Plain Explication of all Terms relating to any of the 

Arts and Sciences, either Liberal or Mechanical, viz,, Grammar, RhetoHc^ 
Logick, Theology, Law, Metaphyftcks, Ethicks, Natural Philofophy, Phyfick, Sur- 
getj, Anatomy, Chymijlry, Pharmacy, Botanicks, Arithmetick, Geometry, Aftronomy, 
Ajfrology, Coffnography, 1 Geography, Hydrography, Navigation, Architecture, Forti- 
fication, Dialling, Surveying, Gauging, Opticks 9 Catoptricks, Dioptricks, Ptrfpeftive, 
Mijkk, Mechanicks, Staticks, Chiromancy, Phyfiognom), Heraldry, Merchandize, 
Maritime arid Military Affairs, Agriculture, Gardening, Handicrafts, Jewelling, 
Painting, Carving, Engraving, Confectionery, Cookery, fiorj'emanjbip, Hawking, 
Hunting, Fowling, Fifbing, &c 

To *fech is Addecf, 

*he Interpretation of Proper Naojcs ef Men and Women that derive their 
Original from the abo^e-menoon'dV Ancient and Modern Tongues, with thofe 
of Writs and Procefles at Law: Alfo the- Greel^ and Latin Names of divers forts 
of Animals, PUnfi, Metals, Minerals, &c. and feveral other remarkable Matters 
more particularly exprefc'd in the Preface. 

Compiled hi EdWar d Phillips, Gent. 

"he &t\m1$ CftttiOlt, Rcvifed, Corrected, and Improved ', With the 
Addition of near Twenty Thoufand Word*, from the beft Authors, Domeftick 
and Foreign, that treat of the feveral Subjects. 

By J. K. WkbM. ' .' 

a "•' \ "■>■' ■ ■ -'•' • * ' 

Vfiork very Heceffary Ar Strangers, as well as our own Country men, in order to the 
- : right understanding of what they Speak, Write % or Read. 

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iLdbor improbus omnia vincit. H O R. 


tinted for 3. Mipft at the k^i-Arm* itif S. f^f^^^ if^ J? 1 *?; S! 

the Star, the Corner of Brid**Lam 9 ift But-ftra* y and J. Cajiot, ac cha Shitf ir 

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H M Publick nbeing very fenfible of the great Advantage 
and Ujefulnefs of DICTIONARIES, as u evident from, 
the general Acceptation that many New Ones, in mo ft 
Faculties, have lately nut with, it %oere altogether, needle fs 
to infifl\on that Tppick $ but it is requifite to give fome Account of ibe^ 
prefent. Undertaking^ and* to> Jbew 'what Improvements are here mad* to 
tfye Elaborate JVorh of our Ingenious Countryman Mr. Edward Phillips^ 
the Merit. of which basxbem already fufficiently made known to the Worldj 
by the Sale of Six fever al Imprejfions. '*'..* 

K T'ft3L Whole has been carefully Revised, in r ofder\ to corned 
Faults, fupply Defi&s^dnd retrench Superfluities $ and it woe judg'd* 
expedient to leave out all AbflrdHs of the Laves of Eminent Terfons^ 
poetical Fi&ions , Geographical 'Defcriptions of Tlaces,Jkc (except ,V 
few . that, ferve to iUuflrate or explain other Terms^ which have thetf 
derivation from, or fame Dependance on them)., in regard that they are 
alrcafy treated of at large, in fevered particular , Dictionaries. In the) 
room , of thefe^ are mferted near Twenty Thoufand hard Words and. 
Terms in all A.rts and Sciences^ which Are not to be found in .the 
former Editions of this Work, nor. in any other General Di&ionary, 
wbatfoeper $ that « .to. fay, fuch Terms, its relate to Divinity, the 
Civil and Canon Law, the Common and Statute haws of this, 
iLealm^ ' Moral and Natural Philofbphy, Metaphyficks, .Mathema- 
ticks, Botanicks, Muuck, Fhyfick, Surgery, Anatomy, Chymiftry, 
pharmacy, CoafeSionery, Cookery, Maritime and Military Affair^ 
Merchandize, Husbandry, Horfemanfhip, Handicrafts, And Manu- 
factures : To which are added many Country "Words^ and fuch as aire 
u&d in 4ur awemif Latin . Writer s± old Rf cords , Deeds, Charters,. 
Evidences &c. , Alfo the Greek , and Latin Names of many jorts of 
Beafts,^ Birds; Fifties, Infects, Plants, Metals, Minerals, and other, 
Traductions of Nature.; with their refpeftive Qualities, and principal 
Virtues. The Magjftrates and Officers of the Grecian and Roman 
Ewpiresf<dftb' ifiilr* feacred Rites, Laws, Cuftbms> Feltivals, Games, 
Exercifes and Sports,- are likewtfe particularly infifled on, feefides a 
fummary View of Religious Orders, Monafteries, Hereiies and Se&s 5 
with a fhort Defcription of <Publick Buildings, rioted Colleges, Hofpi- 
tals, Schools, Offices, Natural Rarities, and other Remarkable 
Things in England, and our American Tlantdtions : Alfo an exoH 
Account of Ancient and Modern Coins, Weights and M&ifures 

A i with 

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with their prejent Value, Extent, and Capacity j &c. att digeftetPipty 
Alphabetical Order y and Methodically exprefa'd in their proper 
fldcesi •; /."■'■ 

f H 1 $ Collection ii made out of the mofi Approved Anthers, and' 
the #efi Originals the preftnt Agi affords y WHjL'tis fdrfh* [largefi of 
any hitherto extant^ ( as it has beefr already Imfcd) in fogard ttittt H l 
contains all n\aw*r of dificui} Wordy mud T*rmi of Art, iMbich are fe 
be found in any Writers of Note : So that now, more than ever^ it 
may be juflly jaid to anfwer the T'itle of %tyt 4btVb 3I£U#H) Of 

impm* mmttai &8toMw or €m&tit ®feflfcsaiQp* 

As fot ihe Mmdfidl Terrn^ dart hmbetn fit*** titer} Cohere H fet 
damn their Original and proper SigfUficunofty <&Mtb UikU very much 
to clear up the foetid Sletefes whettm they are fhw gimtiUy recigWd, : 
jfad they M't dft explained iwb all pojfibk Tiffpickity ekd Brevity 
ft k m to interpret way Bard Word by others that an as Iftti* 
imtifcibleidrMi; LeiiB not ft tftotok to Terftm who mo not wW &rfd 
** polite Ukmmi $ u Fmt* too frequent in fetformdWes of 
ibis Nature. 

AN& fmber^ although U be ko fart of Our 2></^, to teach 
the Laberai of Mechanical Arts arid Science's, as a Ufa JLedHei 
Author hah attempted to do h keverthelefs, it frtajf lo fairl) aprWS* 
Tier* *Ye many Trindiples and Rules laid* ddwn^ with oppofiu 
Hints, and fynmhs throughout the whole Werh^ which nkty give 
JJght even to the Knowledge of thoft Arts i So as to hi of very good 
TJfe U young Students and Ibafiitioners of every Pfofeflm . &$ £ft 
to Fo7*eig*ers r who are defiroite to he wCfaakted with the fernts mi 
fockliar Idioms' oj our EtigKfft tongue - f which know ft fify improved, 
that for €opouptJs y variety of Styfy cirarnifs tnd elegancy of Muprefflon' i 
and other ' Advantages^ it may be fold to equal) if mot fiffafs, ill otic? 
Modern Languages. 

TV concMi^ if this Undertaking rhetfs with ft fwVowablc fa* 
cipt'io* among the fmSidm $ it w& ho an dmplt fyttopeitce Jot 

the ghat Tom lake* hy tfo Ttidifbety *oho k wet amVhievk t» 

appro** bimfelfc 

Their ierf fcdnble SeriWtt£ 

Joftn Retfey* 


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W O 




Or, A General 



The T*r/#5, Definitions, and perfeft Interpretations of H*r </ 
Etfgfi/& HW5, throughout the Arts and Sciences* 
liberal and Mechanic!; as alfo all other SubjeBs, 
that are ufeful, or appertain to the Language of our 

*r - ■-, 

A A 

A B 

A ff 

jf^f J&MI, the Soft of Ammm, *nd Brother of 
^1 Mkjfo, the firft High*Prieft 6f the Jews: 
At* The Word in Hebre+, fignifies a Teacher, 
or a Mountain of Strength. 

0batt$3j a Term us'd in ancient Writers lot 
an Arithmetician. See Abacus. 

£H>aC0t, a Royal Cap of State made in the Shape 
of two Crowns, and anciently tis'd by the Kings 
of England. 

#bactm$, (Lot. Law-Term) Drivers away, or 
Stealers o( Cattle in Herds or great Numbers at 
once ^ Whence in old Records Aba&orcs are diftitv 
guifherf from Fares, or Thieves that only fteal a 
Sheep O* tWo. 

&baatf, '(!<**.) a Counting-Table, ftich as Ac- 
countarits or Aftronomers ufe, which was hereto- 
fore ttfcde of Brafs, and then cfeWd the Table of 
Pythagoras: Aifo fomerimes the tflu tivetal Figured 
which us'd to be drawrr on a Tafote c6$er*d with 
fmall Sand or Duft ; la Sron^ to write op fcore up- 
on : In fomc of our old Records ft is taken for 
Arithmetic^, or rJ-e Art of Numbering : Alfo a 
Cup-board for Plate, or in general, any kind of 
Cup-board or Saff. 

In A«chtte&urc, Abacus is a Four ftfuare Table 
at the top of a Pillar, which makes the Capital ; 
and in the Corinthian- Order, reprefents that kind 
of fquare Tile whldft is ufually let o\errhe Figure 
of a Basket encompafs'd with Leaves. 
* SlbaWffitt, (Heb. i. e. a Deftroyer) one of the Name* 
of Satan or the Devil in the Revelation of St. John. 

ftbftfrtfr 3ft, a Sea-word, fignifying from the 
fore^pare of the Ship, or towards the Stern ; as, 
fir Mafl bangs abaft. S#e Aft. 

&balt&tttfa, (£44) an Alienation or Ettrarige-: 
mem : In. the eid Qoman Law, a giving up 
one's Right to another; a making over an E- 
ftare or>Goods ty Sale, or due Courfe of Law. 
Thefe Eftates were either in Slaves or Cattle, and 
foretimes Lands of Inheritance, bat they mutt 
be in Italy. 

To #talD&gtf r (Fr.) to for fake utterly, tocaft off j 
alfo to give one s felf up wholly to any prevailing 

Sttmtmm, (old Law-word) any Thing that is 
fequeftred, coniifcated, or forfeited 

atamt or SUtmti (Htk) a fort of Girdle that 
Priefts wore among the Jems. 

jSlteipt«tel or atttbaptiftom a Surgeon's Inftru- 
ment, being a kind of Trepan for the Scull, with 
a Gage that it cannot go too deep. 

SJbarnarc, an old Latin Law-Term, fignifying 
to deted: or difcover any fecret Crime ; from the 
Saxon Word Abarian t to make bare, uncover, or 

To^tafe, (FrJ) to bring down, to lower or humbled 

SUbSfhtts, madeaftiamed or; confounded* 

Rbatbtntttt, Aftonifliment, Oonfufion. 

&bftu% a Coin current in Perfia, and other Ea- 
\ftern Countries, wonh abeut two Sfanijh Reals^ 
or 1 s. i d. Sterling. 

, To ^batr, (Rr.> todimioifh, to make or grow 
j A left; 

Digitized by 



A B 

lefs: In Cmmm-L**, todi&We, defeat, or over- 
throw • to come to nought, to beabohtoed, quafh- 
SToVmtde of no effcft : lfa» #.-»-. .Vnt 
? to deftroy it for a Time, thro want of good 
Ground, o/other DeftdL . The f***** h 
C««/«mA i; *.' the Accu&uon u defeaied or made 

y ° A sLnaerU alfo faid to fltiwte, when he enters 
tfpon a Houfeor Land immediately after the Death 
of the laft Pofleffour, before the right Heir uke 
Pofleflton, and fo keeps the faid Heir out of «. 

ftbattmtllt, that which is abated, a Leffen- 
ingT Infuw-fenfe, the Aft£ Abating Defeat- 
inj, or Difabling; M the statement of a Writ, 
8c! Alfo the entring upon an Inheritance, by 
ftepping in between the former Pofleffour and his 


WXM& of **«»**> (in Heraldry) is an ac- 
cidental Mark added to a Coat et Arms, where. 
hv its Dignity is abafed, upon Account of iome 
diflionourible Quail* or Stain in the Bearer; and 
it is either a Mark of Diminution 5 as a Delf, a 
Point Dexter farted Tent*, a Gear Sinifter, &c. Or 
clfe an abfolute Reverfion or Over-turning of the 
whole Efcutcheon, 

abator (Law.Term) one that abates, u e. in- 
truded Houfes or Land, void by the Death of 
the former Pofleffour, and as yet not entred or ta- 
ken up by his Heir. % „ ... a * . 

fl&tUttl, (amongHuntets) Foiling, the Sprigs 
or Grafs that a Stag thrufts down in 1 palling by. 

flbSiJKH, abaflied, daunted, a Ward us d by 
the famous Entlijh Poet, Geffrey Chaucer. 

abba, a Scripture-word, fignifymg Father in 

^b£wj, or°aK«tfo?, * L >w-word for an Ah 

kVb&L fee /Abbot I ' 

9bbatif, (in old Records) an Ayener or Stewatd 
of the Sables ; an Hoftler. 

abbCtt, a Covernefs of Nuns. 

abbe?, a Monaftery or Convent^ a Houfe for 
Religious Perfons. 

abbtt, or Sbtat, the chief Ruler of an Ab- 
bey : Of thefe fome in England wore Miters, fome 
not ; fuch as were Mitred being free from the Bi- 
ihop's Jurifdi&ion, had the fame Authority within 
their Bounds, and were alfo Lords of Parliament, 
but the other fort were fubjedfc to the Bifhop in all 
Ecclefiaftical Aflairs. 

Toabbiettate, ( L * f ) » Abridge, or make 

Ihorr. . . . . ^ ^ 

abb^WattOtt, an Abbreviating, or Expreffing % 

Thing in fewer Terms. 

abb»t)iaturc, a fhort'mng, as the putting of a 
Letter for a Word, 

abb?eut)Ofc, (Fr.) a Watering-place : In Mafinry, 

abbieuteirs, are the Spaces between the Stones 
to put the Mortar in as they are laying. 

abtyOCfplttnt? (Law-word) the fineroffing or 
Buying-up of Wares before they are brought to 
a Market or Fair, and felling them again by Re* 
tail ; the Fore-ftalling of a Market. 

Sbbtlttal*, the Buttings and Bounding* of Land, 
High-ways, &c. either to the Eaft, Weft, North, 
or South; (hewing how they lie with refpe& to 
other Places. 

ab&*l0> * kind of religious Perfons among the 
Perfians, who make Profeflion of Poverty, and 
ledge in Churches : They take Name from Abdala, 
the Father of their falfe Prophet Mahomet. 

abbrtnwm, the Head of the twelfth Houfe in 
a Scheme or Figure of the Heavens, fbmetimes fo 
caird by Aftrologers. 

abtt , (Heb. my Servant) the Father of K*fa 
and Grand-father of Saul the fir* King of tfrael. 

ab&icatt, (Lat.) a Term in the Upman Law- ; 
fignifying to abdicate, to renounce, abandon, or 
quit 5 as Abdicate filium, to difinherit, difown, or 
caft off a Son ; Abdicate Magiflratum^ or fe Ma- 
giftratu, to renounce the Office of a Magiftrate, 
to lay down or abandon it ; and Abdicate fe ftatu 
fuo f was to renounce his Condition, to become a 
Slave, and be degraded from the Privilege of a 
Citizen of ltyme. 

To abbtttit?, td Renounce or Refign, to give 

abbicattOH, the voluntary Ad of Abdicating, 
Renouncing, Difowning, (3c A Term generally 
us'd among the Civilians, and alfo in the Common 
Law, where there is only an implicit Renunciati- 
on : As when a Perfon does ASions that are alto* 
gether inconfiftent with the Nature of his Truft, be 
dees in effed renounce it ; which was the famous 
Cafe of a late unfortunate Prince. 

abbtttft, (Lat.) a Word us'd among the t\oman 
Augurs or Sooth-fayers, for to difown or forbid .- 
In a Law-fenfe, to give Sentence againft one, to 
debar him from his Demands, or not to allow 
them : Thus abdicere vindiciai fignify'd as much 
as not to allow a Man the Poffeflion. of a Thing 
in Controverfy $ and addicere vindiciai imply 'd the 
quite contrary. 

abDitOtfttm,.(in our old Writers) an Abdito*' 
17, or Place to hide and keep Goods, Plate, Mo- 
ney, &c. 

abtMKin, fin Anat.) that Part of the Belly 
which is between the Navel and the Privities, the 
lower Belly $ the lowermoft of the thYee Venter s, 
or great Cavities, which contains the Stomach, 
Guts, Liver, Spleen, Bladder, &c. And is cover'd 
on the Infide with a Membrane or thin Skin, cat; 
led the Peritoneum; 

ablmmtt Mufcles. See AbduQorts. 

abttJCtiOlt, properly a drawing or atoying 
away .- In Logick* an Argument that leads 4 from 
the Conclufion to the Demonftration of a Propofi 

abbttCWl Indkis, {Lot. ill Anafi) a Mufde that 
lerves to draw the Fore-finger from the others, and 
is by fome reckon'd among the Interojjei : It arifes 
from the 0/ Metacarfi that bears up the Fore- finger, 
and joining one of the Lumbrical Mufcles is infer- 
ted with it, together with the Tendon of the Abdu- 
&or, PoMcis. 

abbtlCtOZ minimi Digit i 9 a Mufcle which draws 
the little Finger from the reft, and appears in fome 
Bodies divided into two or three Mufcles, each ha- 
ving a different Series of Fibres : It takes Rife 
from the Ligamentum Tranfverfale, and fourth Bone 
of the Carpus, as alfo from the third Bone of the 
Carpus, and from the upper Parts of the Os Meta- 
carpi. The firft of thefe Originations ends at the 
upper Part of the firft Bone of the little Finger for- 
wards ; the fecond at the fame Part of the faid Bone 
fide-ways ; and the third is inferred with the Ten- 
don of the 'Extenfor minimi Digiti, to the upper 
Part of the third Bone of the little Finger. 

abDUCtQ£ minimi Digiti Pedis, a Mufcle of the 
little Toe, which draws it off from the reft, and 
fprings from the outward Part of the Os Calais 
or Heel Bone, as alfo from the out-fide of the Or 
Metatarji of the little Toe $ where it makes one 
Tendon at its Infertion to the upper Part of the 
firft Bone of the little Toe, on *the out-fide and 

abbUCtO? Oculi, a Mufcle of the Eye, fo 
nam'd from its A&ion, which is to draw off the 
Eye from the Nofe .* Ic is alfo call'd Indignabun- 
dus, from its being made ufe of in Scornful Re- 


Digitized by 


A B 

SHftOCtQl Pollicis, is a Mufcle of the Thumb, 
which arifes from the inner pare of the Ligamentum 
Tranjverfale Carpi, and becomes Tendinous as its 
Implantation to the upper and outward part of the 
fecond Bone of the Thumb fide-ways. This Muf- 
cle takes Name from its Ufe, which is to draw the 
Thumb from the Fingers. 

abDUCtOl Pdiicis Pedis, a Mufcle of the great 
Toe, which pulls it from the reft : It takes rife 
from the Os Caicis, on the in-fide and fide-ways, 
and in half its Progrefe joyns with another flefhy 
Beginning that fprings from *he Os C unci forme 
Majus, which bears up the Os Metatarfi of the 
great Toe ; 'till at laft both making one Tendon 
are implanted to the outward part of the Os Sefa- 
moiies of the great Toe, fide-ways. 

Sk&liCtO??*, or Abducent hdufcles, (in the gene- 
ral) are all thole which ferve to open or pull back 
divers Parts of the Body; as the Arms, Legs, Eyes, 
Noftrils* Lips* (3c. And the Oppofites to thefe are 
ufually termed AduBores, or Adducent Mufcle s. 

SUbCarittg, ( Law-word ) as, To be bound to a 
good shearing* i. e. to one's good Behaviour. See 
Surety of the Peace. 

To jliftDgC} to abide. Chaucer. 
flbel, (Heb. Vanity) the Name of Adam's fe- 
cond Son, who was killed by his Brother Cain. 
3bdt'£re?9 a finer kind of white Poplar. 
After?, gpurtttr^ fold Law-term) plain or down- 
right Murder, as diftinguifhed from Manjlaugbter 
and Chance-medley, from the Saxon Words abere 
apparent, notorious and Mord Murder. 

To Stttft? to encourage, egg, or fet on ; to main- 
tiin, uphold, or back ; to aflift or aid. 

SlbCtmtttt} (in common Law) an encouraging 
or fetting on to commit any Crime. 

Abetter, or abettor one that eggs on oraflifts 
another in the doing of an Unlawful A& $ as Abet- 
ters of Murder, Treafon, Felony, &c. 

&betto;** (in a Law-fenfe) are alfo thofe that 
wthout Caufe procure others to fue out falfe Ap- 
peals of Murder or Felony againft Men, in order 
to render them infamous. 

<&btVZtKt> Lands, Tenements* Goods, &c. Are 
laid to be in Abeyance, when they are only in Ex- 
pedition or Underftanding ; that is to fay, in the 
Intendment and Consideration of the Law. So 
when a Parfon dies and the Church is void, the 
jRr* is in Abeyance , becaufe it is not determined 
who (hall fuceeed him. 

To *bl?0k (Lat,) to loath or hate. 
»b|(0n:cnce, or »b!)0jrentp, an abhorring or 

SLVbUjXtt&s that abhors or loaths, that is averfe 
from; as Humane Nature is abhorrent from all fuch 

3M)tak (H:b. the Will of the Lord) the Son of 
the Prophet Samuel, alfo the Son of iyboboam King 
of JudaL 

9bfot|af 9 0'. c Father of the Remnant, or of 
Contemplation, or excellent Father) the Name of 
a Son of Abimelccb. 

To 9fcttff 9 to fuflfer or endure, to dwell or live 
in a Place, to continue, tarry, or ftay. 
3bjCCt, (Lat. i. e. caft away) vile, bafe, or mean. 
An 9bfect, a Perfon of no Repute or Efteem. 
. aibfectimi, or 9bjectncf$, abje& Condition, low 
Eftate, Mfeannefs, Viienefs. 
9bies, ( Lat.) the Fir-tree. 
9We}«r, {Htb. the Father's Help) one of King 
David's Thirty Champions, or Worrhies. 

9Wfffl, (Lit.) the Herb Ground-pine, whofe 
Leaves are like thofe of the Fir-tree, and ferve 
to haften the Delivery in Child-birth. 

iblgaiK (L e. the Father's Joy) the \Vife of 
Uabal, and afterwards of King David< 

A B 

9bimeIeCb, (i. e. my Father the King, or chief 
Father) a King of Gtrar, who thinking Sarah to 
have bee* Abraham's Sifter, would havfc taken her 
to Wife. 

^btnteitatf, (Law-word) an Heir t* a Alan 

that died without a Will. 

9Wftaff, (Heb. the Father's Error) a fair young 

Virgin, who cherilh'd King David in his old Age. 
9bHbat, (#. e. the Father's Reward) one of 
King David's Champions. 

9bi(bett6ng 5 an old Law-word, which proper- 
ly Signifies Forfeiture - y a being quit of Amercia- 
ments, Forfeits, or Fines, for a Tranfgreffion pro- 
ved before any Judge ; Ic is otherwife exprefs'd 
Mijherifmg or Mistering. 

9b|uratt0ll5 (among the Romans) fignify'd an 
abjuring or denying a Thing upon Oath, a deny, 
ing that a Man had promifed, committed, detain- 
ed, or did owe any Thing upon his Oath : Thus 
Abjwrare Credkum was to forfwear a Debt, or to 
deny on Oath that he ow'd the Dcbr. 

In our Law, 9tyuratUM is a Renouncing by 
Oath, a fworn JBanifhment, or Forfwearing of the 
Realm, which was a Benefit heretofore allowed to 
one, who havipg committed Felony, betook him- 
felf to a San&uary, and there confefs'd his Crime 
to the Juftices or to the Coroner. 

To 9b|tire* to renounce or quit an Opinion. 
In a Law-fenie, to Forfwear the Realm for ever* 
rather than come to a Legal Tryal. 

9blactatton, the Weaning of a Child that has 
fucked for fomc Time. Among Gardiners, a par- 
ticular manner of Grafting, when the Cion is, as 
it were, wean'd by Degrees from its Mother, but 
not wholly cut off from it, 'till it be firmly united * 
to the Stock on which it is Grafted. 

flblaquratlCIV a laying bare, or uncovering the 
Bottom of the Trunks and Roots of Trees, that 
fo being expofed to the Air, Sun, and Rain, they, 
may bear Fruit more plentifully the next Year. 

9blattbe CafC, (in Grammar) the laft ef the 
fix Cafes of Nouns and Participles, fo named, be* 
caufe it is generally us'd in A&ions of taking away. 
*Tis alfo call'd the Latin Cafe, from its being almoft 
peculiar to the Latin Tongue. 

9bll!tt1t, Medicines^ the fame as Abfiergentia - 
which fee. 

% ^Mutton, (#. e. Walhing or Rinfing) a Purga- 
tion or Wafhing in ufe *niong Popifh Priefts: Alio 
the preparing of a Medicine in any Liquor t6 
cleapfe it from its Dregs, or any bad Quality. 

&bnCgatiott» properly the denying tf a Thing 
point blank : In Divinity, the Renouncing of one's 
Paffions, Pleafurcs, or Intecefts ; Self-denial. 

%bm 9 (Heb. the Father's Candle) the Son of 
Ner, Saul's Uncle, and Captain-General of his 

9bno0attot1^ (Ldt. m Husbandry) the pruning; 
or cutting away of Knots or Knobs from Trees. 

9boarb, (a Sea-word) 7 as to go aboard, /. e. to 
enter a Ship. * 

To 3bolt(b) to deface utterly, to repeal, to re- 
duce to nothing % to deftroy a thing after fuch mea- 
ner,, that, no Foot-fteps of it remain. 

^bolifbrocnt, an Abolishing or Difannulling. 

Abolition, (Law-term) an Abolifhing or Ra- 
zing out $ the Abfolute Repealing of a Law or Cu- 
ftom, or the entire taking of it away, fo that it 
(hall never have Force again : Alfo Leave given by 
the King or Judges to a Criminal Accufer, to for- 
bear farther Profecution : In Mctaphyficly, an utter 
Deftru&ion of any Being- 

abolla, (Lat.) a Soldier's Cloak, fliorter and 
coarfer than the fyman Toga, or G*wn. 

<&bomal~uni, the Paunch of a Beaft, the Tripes * 

In Anatemj, one of the four Stomachs of Hvmi- 

A 2 nant 

Digitized by 


A B 

nam Animals, or Creatures that chew the Cud s I 
the other three being Venter, Reticulum, (3 Omafum. 
' &tHmtittable> that is to be abominated, or ab- 
horred or hared, hateful $ as An Abominable Fatl. 

To SEbOtntHate, to abhor, hate, or loach ; the 
Word originally fignifies, to take a Thing for an ill 
Omen, or unlucky Sign, to pray againft it 5 or 
wifh the contrary by certain Forms of Speech. 

abOttttnattan, a deteftable thing, a thing to be 
abhorred or lpathed. 

&bongt!tffr> (44/.) a People brought into Italy 
hy- Saturn, or as others fay, by Chamafinus or 
Cham, and thought to have been the moft ancient 
Inhabitants of that Country, who pretended to be 
without Original or Derivation from any other 
Nation or People : Whence the Word is taken to 
fignify any People born where they live, the firft 
Natives or Inhabitants of a Country ; as the Bri- 
tain* in England, the Indians in America, &c. 

abortion, Mifcarriage in Women, or the bring- 
ing forth of a Child Co long before its time, that 
it is in no capacity to live. 

abOlttto? belonging to fuch a Birth, ftill-born, 
untimely, aifo that mifcarries or comes to nought ; 
as An Abortive Defign. Abortive alfo fignifies a 
fort of fine Vellam, made of the Skin ©f a caft Calf 
or Lamb. 

abjatem, (jffeb. i. e. the Father of a great Mul- 
titude) the Name of the great Patriarch of the 
Jemjh Nation, who is ftyled in Holy Scripture the 
Father of the Faithful, and was at firft call'd Abram, 
which fignifies a high Father. 

abttliam* »aWl, or Hemp-tree, a kind of 
Willow fo call'd. 

ab£&tD) a word us*d in Chaucer, and fignifying 
upftart, recover'd, 

ab:aittU0, (Lat.) the Bream, a Fre/h- water Fife. 

abietrtllflfe Upbraiding. Chaucer. 

abkmitlCllltiOtfj a renouncing or forfaking any 
thing entirely. 

abut 5 a word us'd by fome Chymifts for Sul- 

To atyiBfi^ (Fr.) to contrad, to make fhor- 
ter in words, ftill retaining the Senfe and Sub- 
ftance. In common Law, to majte a Declaration 
or Count fliort, by leaving out part of the Plaint 
or Demand, and praying that the Defendant may 
anfwer to the other. 

QbtfOgmmt, an abridging, an Epitome, a fhort 
Account of a Matter. 

To fttyogatf, to abolifti or difannul, efpeeially 
to repeal or make void a Law which was before in 

abZOgattOtl, the Ad of Abrogating. 

ab?0t«litM* (Gr.) a fort of Wine made of 

abZOtanum, the Herb Southern. wood, which 
is of a binding and diffolving Quality. 

j&b&pt, (Lat.) fuddenly breaking off, unfeafon- 
able, rough, hafty. 

aWalom, (Heb. the Father's Peace or Reward) 
King David's Son that rebelled againft him. 

SSufteTft) (Lat.) a grofs Tumour or Swelling in 
any Part of the Body, that may either be diffol- 
ved, or brought to run with Matter : It is com- 
monly Called an Impoflbume. 

abfctife, (in a Conick Se&i^n, or other crook- 
ed-lin 4 d Geometrical Figure) are the Parts of the 
Axis cut off by the Ordinates, and counted down- 
Wards from the Vertex, or Top of the Se&ion : 
Thefe are alfo termed by fome Writers, the Inter- 
cepted Axis % or Intercepted Diameters. 

abfcUKOR, (#. e. cutting off ) a Term in Aftro- 
Icgy, when three Planets being within the Bounds 
tt their Orbs, and in different Degrees of the 
Sign 5 the third comes to a Conjunction with the 


middle Planer, and cuts off the Light of the 
firft. ' 

To abfCWIt, to hide one's felf. 

abftnt, that is out of the way, miffing or wan- 

To abtOlt one's felf, to be willingly abfent, c* 
keep out of the way, not to appear. 

fkbUtitUtt*, (or.) Wormwood-wine. 

flbfintgUim, orabpCl!e|ium, the Herb Worm- 
wood, which is good to strengthen the Stomach, 
procures an Appetite, and opens Stoppages. 

abfi* or apftfi, the bowed or arched Roof of 
a Houfe, Room, or Oven ; the Ring or Cotnpafc' 
of a Wheel: Alfo a Term ufed by Afironemers, 
when the Planets moving to their higheft or low- 
eft Places, are at a Stay j the high Abfis i being 
call'd the Apogaum, and the low Abfis, the Perigaitm. 

dbfQltatOW, {Lot.) belonging to a Difcharge 
or Requital. 

To abfolttt, to acquit or difcharge of a Crime 
or Accufation laid againft one. 

abfolllte, that has Perfe&ion in it fcl£ free 
from the Power of another, Arbitrary, Unlimit- 
ed : Thus Almighty God is abfolute from the Per- 
fection of his Nature, as containing in himfelf all 
poflible Power, and lying under no Limitation* or 
Reftraints from any, A Prince is faid to be Abfo- 
lute, when he adts altogether at his own Pleafure, 
and will not in any refped be reftrain'd or controu- 
led by the Laws of the Country. 

9bfolutC Equation, (in Aftron.) is the Aggregate 
or Sum of the Eccentrick and Optick Equation^ 
See Equation AftronomicaJ. 

abfolute EfUte, (according to the Law-Defai- 
tion) is one free from all manner of Conditions and 
Incumbrances. ^ 

JSbfolUte igumbrr* (in Algebra) is that which|>ofJ 
fefles one entire part or fide of an Equation, a*4 
is always a known Quantity : Thus in this Eqtta- 
tion aa*fci6*=}6 the abfolute Number is 36. 

abfolute Space. See Space. 

abfOlUtllP* after an abfolute manner. Some- 
times the Terms of a Propofition are faid to be 
takfn abfolutely, that is without relation to any 
thing elfe : It is alfo us'd in Oppofition to Terms 
and Conditions : Thus God does not forgive Men 
their Sins abfolutely, but upon Condition of their 
Repentance and future Amendment. 

SlbfoIUttOlt, a Pardoning, Remiflion, or Far- 
givenefs of Sins, pronounced by a Prieft, &c. 

abfolutOtfum, (Lat.) an abfolute Remedy, or 
moft effectual Medicine $ a certain Cure, or per- 
fect Recovery. 

abfortaffi, or Abfonous, difagreeing from the 
Purpofe, abiurd. 

2bfomare 5 (in old Latin Records) to deteft and 

To ab(0?b, to fwallow up, to confume or wafte. 

abrojbmta, Medicines that temper and qua* 
lify the fharp Juices in the Body, by imbibing or 
foakmg them up. Thus Alkalis are faid to abforb 

&bftlttrfOU0, properly that drinks no Wine, mo- 
derate, fober, temperate in Diet. 

SbfteitttOtt, (in common Law) a keeping; or 
witfa-holding the Heir from taking Poffefflon of 
his Land, 

abfferfff !tt, ot Abflerfive, that is of a fcowring 
or cleanfing Quality. 

abflergentta, (Lat) abfterfive or cleanfing Me- 

abflerfftrt, a cleanfing, or wiping away, parti- 
cularly the Effed produced by abflerfive Medicines ; 
*. e. fuch as are made ufe of to clear the Skin, 
or outward Parts of the Body from Filth. 

abffttttfcr, fee Ab/lergent. 


Digitized by 


A B 

A C 

abfltttt, a Copy, or fhort Draught of an 
Original Writing, an Abridgment of a Record, 
Deed or Book, In Logick f any Quality, as it is 
confidered a-part, without regard to its Concrete 
or Subjedt : fee Concrete. 

SlMtraCt &umb£t&> (in Arstbm.) thofe that are 
confidered as pure Nnmbers, without being ap 
ply'd to any Subject. And.fc AbftraBed Matbtma* 
ticks is us'd in Oppofition to Mixd Matbcmaticks ; 
the former fignifying pure Arithmetick, Geometry, 
or Algebra, &c. 

abfftracttm^ a Faculty or Power peculiar to the 
Mind of Men, in ConttrndiftmAion to the natural 
Capacity of Brutes ; whereby he can make his 
Ideas, or Conceptions relating to particular Things 
become general, fo as to reptcfent ail of the fame 
Kind. Thus if my Eye reprefenr to me White- 
nefs in a Wall, I can tbftradedly confider that 
Quality of Whitenefs, and find it may be attribu- 
ted to many other things befides; as to Chalk, 
Milk, Snow, He. 

SUtfttttfe, lying hid, fecrec, obfeure, dark, bard 
to be underftood. 

SUrfttfft, that is not agreeable to Reafon or com- 
. mon Senfe, foDlifh, filly, impertinent, 

Slfrtmtertt, abounding with, Plentiful. 

3btmUmt fiumtoCC*, (in Arithmetick ) are thofe, 
whofe Aliquot Parts added together, make more 
than the whole Number whkh they are Parts of ; 
as 12, whofe Pares being i, a, 3, 4, and 6, if ad- 
ded all together make 16: So like wife the Aliquot 
Parts of 2*, make %%. 

ab»8,fce Abjis. 

JWWft, ill Ufe, Affront/ 

To Stbtfty to make a bad ufe of, to mifufe, 
affront, or do one an Injury. 

AbUfiO, (Lat t ) the abufirtg, or mifufiag of a 
thing ; aifo a Figure in x\betorick> the fame as C*~ 
tacrefis, which fee. *•* 

flbufifte, injurious, offenfive, affirontive; 

9bPfo 9 (Gr.) a bottomleis Gulph or Pit, a pro- 
digious deep Place that has no Bottom drfcernable, 
or at leaft is fuppofed to have none $ a vaft unfa- 
thomable Mafs of Waters, fuch as is thought to be 
inclofed in the Bowels of the Earth. 

SbPffitl*, a People of Ethiopia, that are Chriu 
fbans of the Greek Church, and whofe Emperour, 
ftyled che Grand Negus, is by fome falfely taken 
for Prefter John* 

9C3Cfa, the Gum of the Thorn Acaeia % or bind- 
ing Bean- tree, very hatd to be -got ; fo thatinftead 
of it, Conferves of Sloes are fometimes us'd, un- 
der the Name of Rob Acacia 

akatemtrfcg, (Gr.) the Followers of Plate, an- 
ciently fo call'd becaufe they ftudied in the publick 
School call'd Academia. Afterwards the Name 
was given to a SeA of Sceptical Philofophers, who 
held, That afl Things were uncertain, that Men 
ought to doubt of all Things, and believe no- 
' thing, £#c. 

Scatttn?, an Univerfity, a Place where Youth 
are taught the liberal Arts and Sciences, or other 
Exercrfes. Alfo a particular Society of ingeni- 
ous Perfons, eftabliftied for the Improvement of 
Learning, &c. The Word is deriv'd from Aci- 
demia, a famous School near Athens, built and 
planted with Trees, fome fay by Cadmus the Phe- 
mcian, others by one Academus, whence it had its 

flcaiM, a Rod or Pei*h Ten Foot long, anci- 
ently us'd to meafure Land with. 

flcaft) a Word us'd by fome Chymifts for Vi- 

flcafalttttjt*, (Gr.) a Bird feeding and fitting on 
Thiftles ; fee Acanthis. 

flCftle, a Word in Chaucer fignifying Cold. 

acaU^T, {Gr.) the great ftinging Nettle, or the 
Sea-nettle, a fenfible Plant. 

fl eattG0, a Shrub, or Herb, with Prickle?. 

flCat!tabOlU& a Surgeon's Inftrument, like a Pair 
of Pincers, to take out any thing that may happen 
to ftick in the Oefapbagus, or Gullet. 

Sfcatttfo a Thorn, Brier, or Bramble ; a Pric- 
kle : In Anatomy, the moft backward Protuberance 
or Knob of the Vertebra's, or Toming.Joidts of 
the Back, otherwife call'd Spina Dorfi. 

acait&tCIt, the Oat-Thiftle, whofe Seeds are like 
Oats; or the Corton-Thiftie with Leaves, having 
a Mofs like Cotton upon them. 

acattttJtfc the Thiftle-Finch, or Siskin, a Bird - 
alfo the Herfc Groundfel. * 

%tm\l\XB, a pleafant JE$ptian Plant with £ 
yellow Flower, the Figure of which ufed to be 
en^av'd on Cups, or embroidered on Garments • 
alfo the Herb Brank-Urfin, Bears- breech, or Bears* 
foot. . 

flranjft, cenain Turkifb light Horfemen, who 
are as it were the Avant-Couritrs of the Grand 
Seignior's Army. 

SfcapitOlT, (Greek) a kind of Honey, taken out of 
the Hive without fmoaking the Bees. 

9Camar, the fame with Acberner ; which fee. 

fltarne, a cenain Sea-fifh, the Filh-thiftle/or 

Mtmm, wild Myrtle* or Gowj alfo Butchers- 
broom, an Herb whofe Root is one of the Five 
opening ones. 

fleam* , the Hand*Woirm, a . little Worm that 
breeds in Wax, a Mite $ alfo a Mufhroom or Toad* 

scataicetoB, or *tatafertfcb tnterfe, (in Greek 

and Latin Poetry) a Verfe exa&Iy petfedr, in 
which not fo much as one Syllable is over and a- 
bove, or. wanting. 

fl tat era, the great Juniper-tree, a Shrub. 

9CC£0a£ at) Curiam, is a Writ rctiirdable in the 
King's- Bench, or Common- Pleas, and dife&ed to the 
Sheriff, requiring him to go to the Court of fome 
Lord, or Franchife where any falfe Judgement is 
fuppos'd to be made in any Suit,in fuch a Court that 
is not a Court of Record, in order to make a 
Record of the faid Suit there, and to certifie it in- 
to the Kjng's.Court, at a Day appointed in the Writ. 

9tttm at ffltce*0mttem, a Writ dire&ed to 
the Coroner, commanding him to deliver a Writ to 
the Sheriff, who having a Pone delivered him, fup- 
prefles it. 

To Accelerate, (in PA//*/) to haften, to put on, 
or quicken. 

Acceleration, the Ad of Accelerating, haften- 
ing,^ C£c. as The Acceleration of tb> Defcent of heavy 

accelerator* tBrtt*, (in Ana\) a pair of Muf- 
cles belonging ro the Penis, whofe Ufe is to pro- 
mote the Paffage of the Urine and Genitura. They 
arife from the upper Part of the Vrctbra, as ir paf- 
fes under the Os Pubis, and are inferted on each fide 
the Corpora Cavernofa Penis. 

fKCenftm, fin Phihfophy) the Inkindling, or fet- 
ting any natural Body on fire. 

SICCeitt, Tune, Tone, or Tenourj the Rifing or 
Falling of the Voice : In Grammar, a Mark fet o- 
ver a particular Syllable of any Word, fo as it may 
be pronouncd with a ftronger or weaker Voice. 
Thefe Accents are ufually counted Three in Num- 
ber, vi%. Acute. Grave, am* Circumflex, and thus 
expreffed C '3 P ] and [ -\ ] but the Circumflex in 
Greek is diftinguifhed by this Mark [*]. 

9CCettf, in Mufick, is a Modulation, or warbling 
of the Voice, to exprefs the Paflions, either natural- 
ly or artificially. 

$CCentO*> fee Incentor. 


Digitized by 


A C 

A C 

To jatttpt, to receive kindly, or favourably. 

Acceptable, that may be fo received, agreeable. 

Acceptance or Acceptation, an accepting or re- 
ceiving kindly ; In a Law-fenfe, a Tacit agreeing 
to fome former ASt done by another which might 
have been undone or avoided, if fuch Acceptance 
had not been : Thus, if a Man and his Wife Pof- 
feffed of Land in Right, of his Wife, do join in 
making a Leafe by Deed, referving Rent: And the 
Husband dying, the Wife accepts of or receives 
the Renr. By this Acceptance, in her, the Leafe is 
made good, and (hall bar her from bringing a Writ, 
calfd, Cut in Vita againft the Tenant. 

Acceptation (in Grammar) the received mean- 
ing of a Word, or the fenfe in whicl^it is ufually 

acceptation, a Difcharge by word or Mouth 
from the Creditor to the Debtor ; the fame among 
the Civilians as Acquittance is in the Common- 

accefe, Admittance, Approach or Paffage to a 
Place or Perfon : In old Englijh, an Ague, the Fit 
of an Ague or Feaver. 

acceffarp, fee aeceffo:?- m 

acceffiblt, Approachable, that is eahe to be 
come ar. 

acceflible !£Ctg||t, is either that which may be 
Mechanically meafured by the Application of a 
Meafure to it ; or elfi? an Height whofe Bafe or 
Foot may be approached to, ami from thejice a 
Length meafured on the Ground. 

acteflbm, Addition orEjicreafe; alfo coming 5 
2$tf>e Acceflion of a King to the Crown. 

acceff0:tU3 WUUffii (in Anat.) a Nerve, fopUM 
from its Inventor Dr. Willis* which arifes from the 
Spinal Marrow, about the beginning of the fixth 
Pair of the Neck, and afcends $0 the Head, where 
having enter'd the Scull, it paffes out of it again, 
and is whollj fpent upon the Mvfculus Trapezius. 

accetfc?? or acceffatp^ f among the Civilians) 
is generally taken for any thing that of Right be- 
longs or depends on another, though feparated from 
it 1 as Tiles taken off a Houfe, to be laid on again 
are an Acceffory, when the Houfe is to be fold. 

In Common-Law, the Word ufually fingnifies a 
I? erfon guilty of Felony, not Principally but by 
Participation, as Command, Advice, or Conceal- 
ment, Aiding or AfTifting ; which may be either 
before or after the Fa&: There is alfo an 3ocrflfoW 
by Statute, i. c. fuch a one as encourages, advifes, 
or conceals a Party rhat commits an Offence which 
' is made Felony by the Statute. 

acctOetlCC, a little Book, commonly fo calfd, 
which contains the firft Principles of the Latin 

acciDent, Cafualty or Chance. Among Logici- 
ans it is taken in a threefold Senfe, vi%. h For 
whatever does not really belong to a thing, but on- 
ly Cafually ; as the Cleaths a Man has on, the 
Money in his Purfe, £2c Thefe are more properly 
call'd Adjunfis, and by the School-men, Verbal 

Il.In Contradiftin&ion to the Effential Properties 
of any Subjed many Qualities are call'd accfWlt*. 
This in the Schools is termed Accidens Pradicakilc, 
and implies a common Quality which may or may 
not be in a Subje& ; as a particular Colour, virt. 
Whitenefs in a Wall, &c. 

III. In Opposition to Subftance, a thing is faid to 
be an acCiDtttt, when it is its Effence or Nature to 
fubfift in, inhere or cleave to fome Stfbftance, and 
cannot bealone : This is call'd Accidents Pradica- 
mentaUy and the nine laft Logical Predicaments are 
in this fenfe' Accidents. 

A Thing is alfo often ftyled an aCCtDMt with 
if fped to its Gaufe, or at ][eaft as to pur knowledge 

of it, whereby is commonly underftood,ari Effe& 
either Cafually produced, or which to us appears 
to have been fo. 

In Heraldry, &a\&t\tB are the particular Points 
and Abatements in an Efcutcheon. 

Among Aftrologer*, acciWtltd are the moft re. 
markable Chances that have happen d to a Man 
in the Courfe of his Life ; as a great Sicknefs at 
fuch a Year; an extrafosiinary Fortune fudi a Year, 
a remarkable Danger at fuclra time, &c; 

acctOental, belonging to Accidents , happening 
by Chance. 

accidental gDigrtdwana S>eWiitfe« (in Afiroi.) 

certain Caibal Affe^ions or Difpofitions of the 
Planets, whereby they are ftrengtben'd or wea- 
kened upon account of their being in fuch a. Houfe 
of the Figure, f^c. 

accidental JBofot, (in PerfpeHive) is a Point in; 
the Horizontal Line, where Lines Parallel among 
themfelves, tho* not Perpendicular to the Pi&ure 
they do meet. 

acciptter, (Lot.) the Hawk, a Bird of Prey. 

acetpttrina, the Herb Hawk-weed. 

acclamation, a crying out of the People, a 
(houting for Joy; the Applaufe given to Perfons 
and Things upon feveral Occafions. 

iftCClrtttp, the rifing fteepnefs of a Hill,&c Pro- 
perly Steepnefs reckon d upwards on a Slope-line^ 
as Declivity is a Steepnefs downwards. 

flCdOPeD, as a Horfe Ascloyd or Cloyed, i. e. nail'd 
or prickt in the Shooing. 

flCCOlatV, (Jr.) dipping and colling, embracing 
about the Neck. 

To flCCOtlimODate^ (hat.) to adjuft, to apply or 
fit; to lend, to provide for, or furnifli with ; to a« 
gree or make up a Difference. Among Geome- 
ters, to fit a Lin§ or Figure int* a Circle; fifr. Ac- 
cording as the Conditions of the Propofition or 
Problem require. 

acCOtnmOUatton, the Ad of Accommodating; 
Adjufting, Fitting, &c. Convenience , the putting 
an end to a Conteft or Quarrel. 

To accoilipanp, (FrJ to keep Company with, 
to wait on ; to come or go along with. 

accomplice, one that has a band in a Matter or 
that is privy to the fame Crime with another. 
. To JircompItO)-, to perform, finifli, or fulfil ; to 
execute, or to bring to Perfe&ion. 

accomplices as a well Accomplijhed Perfon. 1. e. 
one of extraordinary Parts and Endowments. 

accotttpt* fee Account. 

2CC0:t^ Agreement, Coafent ; in Common-Law; 
an Agreement between feveral Parties to make 
Satisfaction for a Trefpafs or Offence done one to 
another ; which is a good Bar, if the other after 
the Performance of fuch an Agreement fhould bring 
a new Adion for the fame Trefpafs. 

To acC0)ft, to agree, to hang together. 

To acCOft, to approach or draw near ; to make 
ot come up to a Perfon. 

account* Reckoning, Efteem, Repute, Relation 
or Rehearfal, Ground. In Common-Law Account 
or Accompt is taken for a Writ or Aftion which lies 
againft a Man, who being oblig'd by his Office or 
Employment to give an Account to another, refb- 
fes to do it ; as a Bailiff to his Matter, a Guardian 
in Socage to his Ward, &g. 

acCOtUtt of Sales, a Term in Traffick, fignifying 
an Account in which the Sale ot Goods is particu- 
larly fet down. 

accountable, liable to give an Account, anfwer « 

An accountant, a Perfon well vers'd in Cafting 
up Accounts, an able Arithmetician .- In a Law- 
Senfe, one that is oblig'd to render an Account to 


Digitized by 


A C 

A G 

To SlCt0Uter 9 to drefs, attire, or trim. 
accoutrement, Drefs, Garb. Pickle. 
To J8CC01?} (old .Word) to affwage. 
Sccrtttab (Lat.) properly a growing, or ftick- 
ing to. Among Naturalifts it is taken for an Ad- 
dition of Matter to any Body outwardly ; but 'tis 
ufually apply *d to the Increafe of Bodies without 
Life, and is fometimes call'd Apfofition or Juxta* 

acCTOacfjmmt, fee EncrcOthment. 
To jSlCCTCto of 9CCCW5 to be encreafed or added 
to ; to arife from, to fail to ; as What good will ac- 
crue thereby ? Tbefe are Things that accrue to the Heir, 
-with the Houfe it felf by Cuftom. 

To jSccumulate, (Lot?) to heap up, or gather 
together ur+Ieaps. 

jacCUflftulatton, the Ad of accumulating or heap- 
ing up. 

3cC0raC?, Exadnefs, Carefulnefs, Diligence. 
gCCltratf^exad orcurious,exarfUy or nicely done. 
£ccttrfcft, lying under a Curfe, or under a Sen- 
tence of Excommunication. 

jSUgllfatfelt, an accufing, an Information, Im- 
peachment, or Charge. See EndiBment. 

jfcCtlfttfte Cafe, (in Grammar) the fourth Cafe 
of a Noun, always govero'd by a Verb Adtive. 

To &CCU&, to charge with a Crime, to indidt, 
impeach or inform againft, to cenfure. 

To jaiCCUfiom «tt'8fcif, to inure or ufe himfelf 
to a thing. 
m SU&fhzt point of the Dice with which the Num- 
ber One is cxprefs'd ; whence Ambs-Ace or Amms- 
rnce, i. e. a throwing two Aces with two Dice. 

&C*I$eali, (Gr. i. e. that have no Head) a fort 
of Hereticks, whofe firft Ring-leader is unknown. 
Alfo certain Levellers that acknowledge no Head 
or Superiour, mentioned in the Laws of K. Henry L 
#CC|teU£WCerDOtt*, Priefts that own no Bifhop 
over them, Independent Minifters. 

OrrpDait (HetfttS, (in Greek and Latin Poetry) 
are Verfes that begin with a fhort Syllable iuftead 
of a long one 

SiCCXy (Laf.) the Maple-tree, of whofe Wood 
fine Tables and many other pieces of Art were an- 
ciently made; 

3Xerb, a Tafte, between four and bitter, fuch as 
moft Fruits have before they are ripe. 
&tttbtty<> Sharpnefs, Sournefc. 
Acetabulums (Lat.) a Saucer or fuch like Veflel 
for Vinegar : Alio the Herb Navel-wort good for 
Inflammations and St. Anthony's Fire. In Anatomy, 
the cavity or hollow in the Huckle-bone, which re- 
ceives the Head of the Thigh-bone within it. Cer- 
tain Glandules or Kernels in the Chorion, one of the 
Skins that cover a Child in the Womb, are alfo 
call'd Acetabula. See Cotyledones. 

JJeetOfa* the Herb Sorrel, good to ftir Up the 
Appetite and quench Thirft* 

SLtttUt&i Vinegar j in general any (harp Liquor, 
as Spirit of Salt, Nitre, Vitriol, &c. but in Apothe- 
caries Shops it is only taken for Vinegar of Wine or 

tectum aicaltcttutft or jaicaitfattim, diftilied 

Vinegar in which fome Aikalizate Salt is infus'd. 

atetum^iiofopl)tCum^ a (harp Liquor diftilTd 
from Honey : Alio a four Liquor mtde by diflblv- 
ing a little Bucter or Icy Oil of Antimony in a con- 
fiderable Quantity of Water. 

acrtUtll Ka&tcatum, the ftarpeft part of Vine- 
gar, that has its Phlegm or Water drawn off. 

^Cljamcc^ the Drofs of Silver, fo callM by fgme 
Chvmifts. " b 

&Cl&tl> ( Heb. troubling or gnawing } an Ip a* 
elite who was Stoned to Death for referring a Gar- 
ment and Wedge of Gold out of the Enemies 


#CJJ«ta or #C&«te, a Perfian Mcafure contain- 

ing 45 Medimni : Alfo a kind of Veflel for thofe 
that went to fee Publick Shews, to put Provifion in. 

#C{jat, (Fr.) Purchacc, a purchasing or buying : 
In our Cominoh-Lato it is taken for a Contradi or 

j3c$atC$, (Gr.) the Agate /a precious Stone of 
feveral Colours, the Veins and Spots of which, make 
an admirable Variety of Figures j as of Horns, 
Trees, Shrubs, (3c. 

£cjjatO?0, a Word us'd in Stat. 36. E. $. for Pur- 
veyors, bee Achat. 

jSJcljr, a Pain in any part of the Body : Alfo a 
Difeafe in Horfes, tvhich caufes a Numnefs in the 
Joynts, and proceeds from Cold taken upon hard 
and violent Exercife or Labour. 
#C&efttt>, Choaked, Chaucer. 
j3c|)Cmcr or #CaTliar, a bright fixed Star of the 
firft Magnitude or Light in the Conftellation nam'd 
Eridanus; whofe Longitude is 1© Degr. 31 Aim. 
Latitude 59 Degr. 18 Min. 

3cJprQt0 9 ( Gr. ) a kind of white Poplar-tree 
growing by the River Acheron. 

#Ct)Cta, the bigger fort of Singing Grafs-hopper. 
To acjjtlfc, fee To Atchieve. 
jEtotllea, the Herb Milfoil or Yarrow, with 
which Achilles is faid to have cuf'd Telephus of a 
dangerous Ulcer. 
&C#Uri&> a fort of Barley. 
&C§Ul£0, the chief Champion of the Greeks at 
the Trojan War, who flew Ht&or and was kill'd by; 
Paris with an Arrow fhot at his Heel. 
SkWmcrtW, the Herb Poley. 
0C§tu% ( Heb. fare it is ) a King of Gath t td 
whom King David flying for Refuge, feign'd him- 
felf mad. 

#C(jl£fi, (Gr.) aftultirt the Eye, accounted one 
of the kinds of Ambljofia^ or Dimnefs of Sight. 
flCtoittCfc fee Acolytes. 

jJIcfjOI, a Difeafe in the hairy Scalp or mufculous 
Skin of the Head, that eats through it like a Moth, 
and is commonly call'd the Scald; the difference 
between Acbof and Favus is this, that the Cavities 
or Holes in the fbisner, are fmall and fometimes 
not vifible 5 but in a Favus they are more large and 
apparent. See Crvfta laBea. 
flefca*, a wild Choak-peaf. 
SlCpioi, Men that have loft their natfcral Colour; 
as thole who are of an ill habit 6f Body, or trou- 
bled with the Jaundice, Melancholy, fife. 
. acftHmtCai, fee Achronychal. 

ftCtCUla, (Lat.) a Pin or fmall Needle : Alfo 
wild Chervil or Shepherds Needle, an Herb. 
#CtB, Soiir, fharp, biting, taft. 
#CiD J^pirit, fee Spirit. 

#Cfo», (among Chymifts) Bodies whofe (mill 
Parts are fuppos'd to be fomewhat long and flexible ^ 
and which have their Points fliarp and piercing ; and 
thefe are either Natural or Artificial, the former 
have a proper (harpnefs of their own, Without the 
help of Art, as Juice of Lemmons, Cfo but the lat- 
ter are made by Fire, in Chymical Operations. 

#CtWt£, Sharpnds, Keennefs; the Tafte which 
Bodies that are Acid or Sharp, leaves in the Mouth t 
In a Chymical Senfe, the Acidity of any Liquor 
confifts in ke*ri Particles of Salts diffolved, and put 
into a violent Motion by means of Fire, 
JftCiOllla, {Lat.) a kind of Sorrel, an Herb. 
Sctotllar, any Medicinal or Spaw-tfatcrs that 
are not hot ; in which refpe& they are oppos'd to 

flcmtfbjmtt Cuitica^ (in Anat.) a Coat of the 
Eye, the fame as the Xjvea Tunica ; which fee. 
#CinO0, (Greek) the Herb wild Bafil. 
JlCtnuB, ( Lat. ) a Grape*ftone, the Stone in 
Raifins, the Kernel of a Pomegranate. Among 
Herbalifts the Fruit of all fuch Plants as bear it in 
Clutters, in a manner refembiing Grapes 5 being 


Digitized by 



fofter and more juicy than a Berry 5 which alfo of- 
tengrows fiogle. 

&Cipei1&r, a rare Fifh among the Romans, which 
us'd to be ferv'd up in Pomp, with Garlands on the 
Heads of tbofe that fet it on the Table, and is falfe- 
ly taken for a Sturgemi. . 

2UltiPt% a Word us*d in Cbducer for over- 

dcmatttCd^ (Greek) a continued Feaver fo call'd 
by fome, the fame with Synocbus. 

&tmr, the Edge or Point of a Weapon, the 
Flower of Age, the Prime of a Thing. Among 
Phyficians the height of a Difeafe, many of which 
have Four Periods, vi\. 1. The Arcbe, or Begin- 
ning ; 2. The An*b*fis f i. e. the Growth or En- 
creafe ; 3. The Acmty when the Matter of the Di- 
ftemper is folly ripe ; 4. The Paraeme, or the de- 
clining of it. 

To &Cbt!0tDl£t££ 9 to own or confefe, to confi- 
der, to be grateful or thankful for, to requite or re- 

#C ftnritikpgement, Owning, Confeflton, Grati- 
tude or Thankfuinefs, Requital of Reward. 

acbnototeBgcmntt^giK^ a Piece of Money 
(aid by the Tenant upon the Death of his Land- 
lord, in Acknowledgement of the new Land-lord. 

SLtxtntt\ 9 (Gr.) an Order of Greek. Monks at 
Cenftantino/le, fo call'd becaufe ufually dividing 
themfelves into Three Companies, for the perfor- 
mance of ReligiousDuties, they never flept all toge- 
ther, but by turns. 

&Ca*tttl, a kind of pure Honey, live Honey ; the 
pureft and thinneft pan of Honey, without Dregs 
Or Settling. 

jSlCftlptttt, ( i . e. Followers ) certain inferiour 
Church-Officer* in the Primitive Times, who affift- 
c t d the Prieft, Deacons and Sub- Deacons ; perform- 
ing the meaner Offices of lighting the Candles, car- 
rying the Bread ap<J Win*, & c^ The Word is ftill 
us'd among Upman Cajrfwicks, iot a kind of Un- 
der-Deacon or Prieft s Attendant, that waits fcpon 
him while he fays Mafs. *" 

flconltum, a poifoooris Herb call'd Libbar4s- 
bane or Wolf-bane. 

£lC0ntia& a fort of Comet or Blazing-ftar, in 
lhape refembling a Dart or Javelin ; its Head being 
fometimes round, fometimes longiih and compref 
fed, and its Tail or Train ilender, but extended t# 
a great length. Alfo a kind of Serpent that moves 
very fwiftly like a Dart. 

SUopica, Ingredients put into Medicines againft 

SJCOpUOT, (according to fome Writers) a Fomen- 
tation made of warm and foftening Ingredients, to 
allay the Senfe of Wearinefs, oqcafioned by too vio- 
lent Labour or Exercife. Alfo a Medicine for Hor- 
fes us'd for the fame purpofe ; being alfo good for 
Convulsions, String-halts, Colds, Stoppages, and all 
forts of inward Difeafes. 

#C0m the Thiftle, o*herwife call'd Andr&f*- 
mm % or Man's Blood. 

0CiJU# T a fweeufmelling Herb of great Virtue 
in Phyfick ; the fweet Cane, the greater Galxngale , 
the fweet Garden-flag. : t 

flctfmta, (in the Art of tbyfick) an ill ftate of 
Health, with the lofs of tie natural Colour in the 
Face. . 
ToSlttHip, (old Word) to reprehend or reproye. 
SgfOUflfC* or armtiirtlS, Medicines or Inftru- 
ments which help the Senfe of Hearing. 

To Steqmtot one, (F'J or ttiabe owacejuatnteD 

\to\tk) to make known to one, to give him Notice 
or Intelligence of, to inform or tell him of. 

Acquaintance, Fellowfhip, Co*refpondence,Con~ 
verfarion ; alfo a Perfon with whom'one is ac- 
quainted or converfant. 

To jStCQUtefc*, (Ut.) to reftfatisfied, toconfenr, 
to yield, to lubmit, to comply with. 


jaCQUtefance or acquicTCCnCI?, the A& of acqui* 
efcing, Confent, Condefcenfiori, Compliance. 

fltCQUtetamrifi IPlCgii*, a Writ lying for a Surety 
againtt a Creditor, who rtfufes to acquit one after, 
Payment of the Debr. 

mcquictantta w JMjirte « ^ifflfcelfe, ( Law: 

Phrafe) a being free from Suit and Service in Shire* 
and Hundreds. 

To Scqutrt, to purchafe, to get, to attain to. 

flcquifitttjn, an acquiring, purchasing, obtaining 
or winning. 

flCQUfftfi, Purchafeij pteperly Vi&ories gain'd, 
or Conquefts won by the Sword. 

To #Cqutt, (Fr.) to difcharge or free from. 

Acquittal or Acquitment, a Deliverance, or fet* 
ting free from the Sufpicion or Guilt of an Offence. 1 
Alio. the Difcharge of a Tenant by a A4efni Land* 
lord from doing Service to, or being difturb'd in 
the Pofleflion by any Paramount tf fuperiour 

jacqtrfttal in jfatt, it when a Man Is found not 
Guilty of the Offence With which he is charg'd, 
either by the Vcrdid of a Jury, or by over- 
coming the Accufer in Battel or fingle Combat, 

jScqilittal in Hato, is when Two Perfons are inJ 
didied, one as Principal, and the other as Acceflbry, 
fo that the former being difcharged, the latter by 
confequence is aifo acquitted. • 

Acquittance, a Difcharge or Releafe in Writing; 
for a Summ of Money, or other Duty which ought 
to be paid or done. 

ftCtafia, (Gr.) Indifpofitton, Diforder. Among 
fome Writers in Pbjjick., it is taken for the excefs or 
predominancy of one Quality above another m the 
Conftitution of a humari Body. 

SUtty a Meafure of Land containing Forty Per- 
ches in length, and Four in breadth, or 160 fquare 
Poles or Perches of 4840 fcjuare Yards, or 45 $60 
fquare Feet. A Wtlfh Acrek ufually equal to two 
Englijh ones.. ' 

dcretytia, (Lat.) the Screech-Owl ; a Bird. 

Acrcmc, a Law word for ten Acres of Land* 

acrimoniOUg BWtaM"* p W) fo*h Bodies as 
have a great Acrimony, whofe Particles or fmall 
Parts do eat, fret, deftroy, and diflblve what comes 
in their way, 

mtimtmv* ( L*t. ) Sharpnefs. Eageraefs, Tart- 

#mfi&> that of which no Judgment ispaffed or 
Choice made j a Matter in difpute, or that is not 
yet determined ;• alfo want of Judicioufrteft, Btafh- 
nefs in Judging : Alfo a Term us'd by Phyfici- 
ans, when the ftaie of a Diftemper is fo uncer- 
tain t that they cannot pais a right Judgment upon 

0CroC|O2Bcn, a fort of great Wart, with a fmall 
Root like a String. 

jacrOCOtflim, a kind of Onion. 

&CCQttft>a,ail Fruits having hard Rinds or Shells 9 
as Nuts, Chefnuts, Almonds, Acorns, ££c. 

jSlCttHttion, (i n -4»^.) the upper Procefs or Knob 
of the Shoulder-blade, or the top of the Shoulder 
where the Neck-Bones are join'd with the Shoul- 

#CtOn$rtjalum, the top or middle of the Navel. 

SUtUtiy the ucmoft enjd of any Member; alfo a 
little Stock or Stem 

acren ^PlfcatiCUm, the Herb Milfoil or Yarrow. 

flCC0nfc|at 9 (in Aftron.) belonging to the Even- 
ing-Twilight : When a Star rifes at Sun-fet, it is 
faid to I{jfe acronychally, and when a Star fets with 
the Sun, 'tis faid To Set acronychally ; which is one 
of the Three Poetical Hjfings or Settings, 

&Crtttt>Cta? 9 Stars rifing in the Twilight about 

3CC00, the top of a Finger- Herb, &c Among 
fome Writers it is taken for the height of a Diu 


Digitized by 


A C 


cafe, and by fomc Anatomifts for the Prominences, 
Knobs, or Tops of Bones. 

jaCTOfpire, fee Plume. 

JScntfttcfe, a piece of Pbetty fo ordered, that the 
firft Letters of* every Verfe, may contain fome par- 
ticular Name, Title, Sentence, or Motto. 

#cr0teres, fin Arebitea.) PedcftaJs upon the Cor- 
ners and Middle of a Pedemenc to fupport Sta- 

jStfOtma, the utmoft parts of a Man's Body, 
as his Fingers-ends; In ArcbitcBare f thofe Spiry 
Battlements or Pinnacles that ftand in Ranges, with 
Rails and Ballifters upon flat Buildings. 

#Cfaff, (Heb. Adorn'd or Wantoonefs) 
Daughter of Caleb, and Wife of Otbniel. 

#Ct, (***.) a Deed, a Decree of Parliament, or 
any other Court of Judicature. Alfo the time 
when Degrees are taken in the University of Ox- 
ford ; being the fame as the Commencement at 

&tt* 0f gt^rUamtltt, pofitiveLaWsconfiftingof 
two Parts, vi$ the Words of the A& and the 
Sfenfe, both which join'd together make the Law, 

CUtfc Of tifl Act*, an Officer who receives and 
enters the Lord Admiral's CommiHions and War- 
rants ; and regifters the Ads and Orders of the 
Commiffioners of the Navy* His Salary is 500 /. 


SiCtxU, a kind of Herb, by fomc calTd Wall- 
wort or fhrubby Elder. 

'* 0Cte the Sea-fhore or Goajk ; alfo the Elder-tree. 
Jjcttfc, an Order of Friers that feed on Roots, 
and wear Tawny- coloured Habits : They feem to 
be fo calTd from their AAiviry and Readinefs to 
perform all Exercifes of fevere rennance. 

artfaobolrftn, (Gr. iuPhilof.) the diradiarion, 
Hiffufion or fpreading abroad of Light or Sound, 
by which it is carry *d or flofcs eyfery *ay ftom its 

action 7 an A A, Deed ot Feat, a particular way 
of Delivery in making a Speech or Sermon. A- 
feidtig Phyfidans and Naturalifts, 0Jtittl is diftin- 
guiflTdinto Voluntary and Spontaneous, the former 
being that which is direded by the Will ; as 
Walking, Running, Handling, (§c. whereas the 
other does not depend on the Will j as the Cir- 
culation of the Blood, the Beating of the Arte- 
ries, &i. 

In a Legal Senfe, &Ctt0t1 is taken for the Procefs 
or Form of a Suit given by the Law to recover a 
Right, and of thefe there are fevetal forts, vi<(. 

2UtWlfyif% is w ben it is part Real and part 
Perlonal : Alfo a Suit given by the Law, to recover 
the Thing detain'd, and Dammages for the Wrong 
done ; as an Adhon for Tithes, Gfc. 

SUtim WmA^ an Adtion which aims at fomc 
Penalty or Punifhmcnt on the Party fued } either on 
his Body, or by way of Fine on his Eftate ; as the 
next Friends of a Man wilfully Murder'd or 
Wounded, (hall purfue the Law againft the Offen- 
der, and bring him to due Punifhment. 

SLaim Jperftlttl, i$ that which one Man may 
have againft another upon account of any Bargain 
for Money or Goods, or for any Wrong done ;to his 
Perfon, by him or fome other for whofe Fa& he is 

Action popular, an A&ion given upon the 
breach of fome Penal Stature, which any Man that 
will, may fue for himfelf and the King, by Infor- 
mation or otherwife. 

Action Ittal, an Adion whereby one claims 
Title to Lands, Tenements, Rents or Commons, in 
Fee-fimple, Fee. tail or for Term of Life. 

3cti0« Of a Writ, a Phrafe usM when one 
pleads fome Matter, by which he fliews the Plantiff 
bad no Caufe to have the Writ which he brctight, 

though he buy perhaps have another Adion for 
the lame Matter. , 

action lipori t^Cftfr, is a Writ brought for a* 
Offence done without Force ajainft any Man ; as 
for not Performance of Promifc, for fpeaking 
Words whereby tho Plantiff is defam'd, or for fome 
other Mifdemeknouror Deceit, 

#rtfan upon tfcfttatitte, that which is brought 

upon the breach of a Statute, whereby an Adion i$ 
given that Jay not before j is where Perjury is 
committed to another's Prejudice, the en dam mag'd 
Parry (hall have * Writ upon the Statute, 
j ^CtionaUe, that bears an A&ion, or aflbrds 
the j Caufe on which an Adion may be grounded. 
&Ctttg, fit to ad, nimble, lively, quick. 
attiUe $*iltctjrtef, (among Chymifts ) are the 
Spint,Oii and Salt ; fo caird,becaufe their Parts be- 
irigbriskly in Moripn, caufe AAion in other Bodies/ 
#Ctttt X&tNX Ot a Kerb, (in Grammar) that Voice 
which fignifies A&ion or Doings as Amo I love, 
Doceo I teach, &c. 
jactibitp, Nimblenefs,.Brisknefs, Vigour. 
#Cto, act«l or dbetOff, a Word us'd in fome old 
Records for a Coat of Mail. 

Litton Burnei, a Cattle in Sbropjhhe fome time 
belonging to the Family of Bmnel, and famous for 
a Parliament there held under King Edward I. in 
which was ordain'd the Statute-Merchant, thence 
catl'd the Statute of AQon Bumal. 

#CtO?, properly the Doer of any Thing $ one that 
ads a Part andf reprefents fome Perfon upon the 
Stage : fa the Civil Law, an Advocate or Prodor. 

Actual, real, effe&ual. In Metapk?ficJ(s f that is 
faid To be A&ual or in A8, which has a real Exir 
ftence or Being, and is underftood as oppos'd to 
that which is Potential. 

ACtttal iFi», fee Ignis jfBualis. 
Actuary the Clerk that Regifters the Canons and 
Ordinances of a Convocation. 

To Actuate to bring into A&, to move, toftic 
up, or quicken. 

Acttliatlt* $#fctCUl«*, the Banftickle or Prick- 
ling; aFilh 

StOire, a Term us'd by fome Chymifts, when a 
Liquor is heightened or made more piercing by a 
ftronger; as Spirit of Wine quickens Lemmon* 
Juice, ($e. 

UltUB, (Lot.) a Needle to Cow with, a Bodkin : 
Alfo a Sea-FiQi call'd the Needle-FiOi, Horn-FiQi 
or GarFilh, and by the Inhabitants of Cornwall ani 
Old Wife. Alfo the Husk of fome Seeds, refemb- 
ling the Figure of a Needle. 
. Sltt&t, (harp-pointed, keen, foarp-witted, Subtil, 

SitUtt SlCtm, fee Accent. 
SltUtt #HgU, (in Geom.) any Ancle that is kfs 
than a Right one, or that contains lels than 90 De- 
grees : See Anfle. 

dcut&angleDCone : See cone. 

SUutt *a«BlC6 Xrtangle, is that which has all its' 
An ides Acute. 

jacute^angular S&tctifti of a €m> a term us'd 

by the ancient Geometricians for an Bllipfis or Oval 
Figure, which they confider'd only in that Cone 
whofe Section by the Axit f is a Triangle Acute- 
angled at the Vertex or Top ; but Afolmim Per* 
g*us afterwards demonftrated that the Sedion of 
any Cone through both its Sides will produce the 
fame Figure- 

#CUte JDtfeaff, is aDiftemper which by reafon 
of its Velftmency, foon grows to a height, and either 
abates, or elfe deftfoys the Patient; as a Fever, 
Pleurify, &c. 

AtV\My (G^ a kind of Acorn. 

&cprOlogta, (in Hbetorick.} an improper way of 
fpeaking ^ a Bull. 

B 0H' 

Digitized by 



0&att£k> .beat or driven in by Force. 

jaWBunepljZOBi (P r -) * kind of precious Stone 
like a Kidney. 

0&age, (Lat.) a Proverb or old Saying; 

QXHm^Hcb. red Earth) the firft created Man and 
Parent of Mankind. 

SiDamaittj {Gr.) a Stone otherwife call d a Dia- 
mond, the bardeft, moft glittering, and moft valu- 
able of all precious Stones. 

jStoaittflitttne, belonging to, or made of Ada- 
mant ; hard, inflexible. 

^iOamantfe^ an Herb of the nature of the Ada- 

fttamitite*, a fort of Hereticks, who pretending 
to be reftored to Adam's Innocence, go Naked in 
their Affemblies : They are faid to condemn Marri- 
age, and to have Women in Common. 

To 0fcapt, (Lai.) to make fit, to apply or fait 
one thing to another. 

SitmttSly a Hebrew Gold-Coin worth Fifteen 
Shillings Sterling. 

&&artDgfj a Term apply *d by fome Cbyiniftsto 
-fignifie 54/ Armcniack. % 

#Ba(b*D> (old word) afhamed. 

To jatWtto, (old word,) to awaken ; but it is us d 
by the Poet Spencer, in his Fairy Queen , for to 

SLm or jaDWitj {Gr.) a kind of Beaft in Africa, 
with wreathed Horns. 

To &Kb {Lat.) to join or put to, 

S&VI^&qfai tee Adephagia. 

$Utffl?r» a dangerous Serpent whofe Poifon is moft 

flDter^grafe, fee Dogs-Stones. ^ 

SUttETfitOtigUf > an Herb having one angle Leaf, 
in the midft of which comes up a little Stalk like 
the Tongue of that Sefrpcntj 

ato*W4»#, fee Biftort. 

SIOBtte or &tri$e, a kind of Axe generally made 
Sfe of by Coopers for cutting the holl#w fide of any 
Cask or Board. 

To awritt, {Lot.) to give one's felf up whollv 
to a thing, to follow it clofe, to Apply one's Mind 
'altogether to it. 

SlBttcttfl* (in the Upman Law) a pafling over 
Goods to another, or to him that will give moft. 

aWrttfiO in DiCtn, an adjudging a Thing to a 
Perfon for a certain Price, unlets by fuch a Day the 
Owner, or fome other, give a better Price for it. 
•Tis alfo us'd for taking an Adminiftration, and pay- 
ing the Debts of the Deceafed. 

SJMJttamOTtV a Thing added ; an Encreafe or 
Advantage. In Phyfick and Chymiftry, Addita- 
menu are Things added a-new to the ordinary In- 
gredients of any CotApofition ; or to a Menftrum^ 
For the better enabling it to open and diflblve any 
mixt Body. 

jaWrfrtOtt, an adding, joining or putting to, an En. 
creafe, Advantage or Ornament : In Arithmetic^, , 
a Rule whereby feveral Numbers are added or ga- 
thered together, to the end that their Total or Summ 
may be difcover'd ; as 2 and 4 make 6; and it is 
either Simple or Compound. 

JRmpfc jafoWtimt, is the gathering together of 
feveral Numbers that exprefs Things of the fame 
kind into one Summ 5 as Pounds, Miles, Yards, 
Years, (3c. 

dTompaunt) dtotUttOtb is the adding or fumming 
up of Things of different Names or Kinds; as 
Pounds, Shillings and Pence ; Miles, Furlongs and 
Perches; Yards and Nails y Years, Months, Weeks 
and Days, (3c. 

BMrtttOtt, (in Algebra or Species') is performed 
by joining together the Quantities propos d, prefer- 
ring their proper Signs ; and the peculiar Sign or 
Mark of Addition, js^f- , which is always fup- 

A D 

pos'd to belong to the Quantity that follows it : 
Thus, if to 3 a you add % a 9 the Summ is 3 a •$* 
1 a or 5 *• 

In a Law-fenfc, Addition is a Title given to a 
Man befides his proper Name and Sir-Name, to 
fhew his Quality, Degree, Trade, Place of Abode, 
(3c fuch are Additions of Eftate, as Efquire, Gen- 
tleman, Yeoman ; of Trades, as Stationer, Printer, 
Carpenter ; of Places, as of London, York, Briftol. 

JaftDtttOIWU that is added over and above ; as 
An Additional Excifi. 

#ttritumalefr> {Lot. in the Civil-Law) additional 
Terms or Propositions to be added to the former 

fttftlft (Sdx.) empty of rotten ; properly fpoken 
of an Egg, and figuratively apply *d to a Hair- 
brain'd, Empty-fculTd Fellow. 

&M«efib (Fr.) de*t*rous Carriage in the Managed 
taent of a Bufinefs, prudent ConduA, Skill, Indu- 
ftry : Alfo an Application or Dedication to a Per- 
fon ; a fhort Remonftrance or Petition m*de by the 
Parliament to the Sovereign, (3c. 

To SLVbftfBi to make Application tO, to prefect 
a Petition, to direcft a Letter. 

jawmceitt #«ftUMh fee AdduBores. 

3WlUCtO:flDCUl^ (in Anas.) a Mufcle of the Eye 
fo nam'd, becaufe it draws its Pupil or Apple to^ 
wards the Nofe 5 and alfo Bibitorius % from its di- 
recting the Eye towards the Cup, when one is 

aMUlCtO? £oUta*> a Mufcle that brings the 
Thumb nearer the Forefinger : It arifes in commoa 
with the AbduSor Indicts, and afcends obliquely to 
its Inferrion at the upper part erf the fiift Bone *( 
the Thumb. 

<3KHJCt*! ftolitritflfefcif > a Mufcle of the great 
Toe, which it brings nearer the reft : It takes rife 
from the lower Parts of the Os Cuneiforms Tartistm, 
and is inferted to the inner Part of the Ojfa Sefamtir 
dea of die great Toe ; being oppofite fide-ways to 
the end of the AbduSor Pollicis Pedis. 

&tmmm™ #M»tCfnt ^littles (in General; 
are thofe that bring forward, clofe, or draw to- 
gether the Parts of the Body whereto they are 

#DetelltafoO, (Span.) die Deputy of a province 
for a King or General. 

$H*tlW&-> #tt)tU!tff or &t&\to& (Sax.) a Tide 
of Honour among the Knglijk Saxons, properly 
belonging to the Heir Apparent of the Crown, 
and fignifying Excellent ; fuch was Edgar Atbe- 
ling, the defigned Succeflbr of Edward the Cenfef- 

3M^lfstMi {Gr.) a kind of Palm having the 
Tafte ot Figs. 

#Wlb fin Anat.) a Glandule or Kernel in an 
Animal Body • fome alfo take it for a Swelling id 
the Groin, the fame as Bubo. 

jaftef^agta or &Wetf$$\&i an eating one 9 s Fill, 
Greedinefs, as when Children crave to eat before 
their former Vi&uals are diverted. 

&tKfKb (Lat.) Fat, Tallow, Greafe: Among 
Anatomifts, it is confider'd as a fimilar Part of the 
Body, differing in this refped from Pinguedo, that 
it is a thicker, harder, and more earthy Subftance, 
which flows from the Blood through peculiar Veffels 
into certain Bags or Bladders that receive it. 

&tKft8 or RWptlftB, the obtaining Sons of Art, 1 
well skill'd in Alchymy, who by great Labour and 
Induftry have gain'd/ or faid to have found out, 
by their Tribe, the Secret of the Tranfmutation of 
Metals, or of making the Grand Elixir, commonly 
call*d the Philofipbers Stone. 

jtltftquatr* even, equal, or proportionable. A 
Thing is faid To be Adequate to, or adequately to~ 
agree with anotber t when it is every way equal to 


Digitized by 


A B 

A D 

it iiv Capacity, Extent, Power, and all other Pro- 
perties i neither exceeding nor falling fhort of it 
in any Refpedt. 

SDf quatC 3( W* y »* thofe Idea's or Concepti- 
ons that perfectly reprcfent the Archetype or Ori- 
ginal Images, which the Mind fuppofes them to 
be taken from, which it intends them to ftand for, 
add Whereto it refers them. 

amfmeoCQuatimw, fee Equation. 

To 3t$£r&, to ftick faft, or cleave to, to be 
join'd to, or take part with. 

atrtjmnce or SUgtttitC?* the Ad of adhering 
or theking clofe to the lnterefts or Opinions of 

An 9t$tttt!t, one that adheres to a Party ; a 
Stickler, Follower, or Favourer. 

fltt&ttltt, lying near to, bordering upon. 
&m* tttt angles, fee Angles. 
atolttWIt, (Grj the Herb Maiden-Hair, fo 
call'd becaufe its Leaves take no wet $ being good 
for Coughs, ihortoels of Breath, as alfo for Pains 
in the Side, Kidneys, or Bladder. 

SlDiaptyOZa, Things indifferent, neither comman- 
ded nor forbidden, which wbilft fuch, a Man is at 
Liberty to do, or not to do. 

j&WipfpttUS, neutral, indifferent; a Name given 
by Mr. Boyle to a kind of Spirit that be diftilled 
mm Tartar, and feme other vegetable Bodies, and 
which was neither Acid, Vinous, nor Urinous. 

iS&taprittlitta, a. Breathing thro' the Pores of 
the Body. 

jaWCltfoe or #011*1 jaDftttflfc, (in Grammar) 
a Word that only fets forth the manner of the 
Being of a Thing, and which to render the Senfe 
intelligible, requires the Help of a Subftantive 
joined with it. 
jSIltteu, (Fr.) God be with you, FareweH. 
aWtoattsCoew, orawtcialcscpulx, (among 

the Romans) a folemn Feaft, fuch as a Confecra- 
tion Dinner, a Lord- Mayor s or Sheriff Feaft. 

520 jfttyuittnoum, a Judicial Writ command- 
ing Inquiry to be made of any thing about a 
Cattfe that depends in the King's Court, for the 
better Execution of Juftice j as of Baftardy, Bond. 
men, &c. 

^biourmiunt, (Fr. in Common-Law) the put- 
ting off any Court or Meeting* and appointing it 
to be kept again at another Place or Time ; fo Ad- 
journment in Eyre, is an Apppointment pf a Day 
wben the JufticcS in Eyre mean to fit again. See 

SUHOtmiflfrj lying next to, or neighbouring. 

aaftrprrtiia or a«accnt angles, lee Angles. 

: Zttytia #emteaiW, (Lot. in Anat.) a Mem- 
brane or Skin that enclofes the CetuU Adipofie, #r 
a certain Mumber of little Cells or Holes full of 

a&tpofa tHma or Kwalte, a Vein that arifes 
from the defending Trunk of the Vena Cava, and 
fpreads it (elf on the Coat and Fat that covers the 

&tipofi jDlMtllf, are Veffcls which convey the 
Adeps or Fat into the Interfaces of the Mufcles, 
or to the Parts between the Flefti and the Skin : 
They are otherwife call'd Lobuli adipefi, Sacculi 
adipefi, and VefieuU adipofa. 

Stoipfa, (G r J Medicines or Juleps to quench 

2lk&t%m$ a branchy Shrub full of Thoms 
and Prickles. 

a&ipfoe, Licorifli, a Root full of Juice to pre- 
vent Thirft : Alfo a kind of Palm-Tree* other- 
wife call'd Fbeenicobalanos. 

Qbtf, (Lot. i. e. Entry or Paflage) the Shaft or 
Entrance into any Mine. 

To aitfUDgf * to give by Sentence or Judgment 
of the Court, to award : Thus when a determinate 

Sentence is pafs'd in Favour of a Man, the Cafe 
is faid To be Adjudg'dfir him* 

&t)j[UtricattOn, an adjudging- a giving or fettling 
by a Sentence, Judgment, or Decree* 

£UtfUlttt» that which is join'd to another Thing $ 
a Circumltance : In Logicl^ a Qtuliry joined or 
belonging to any thing as its SubjeA j as Heat to 
Fire, Grecnnefs to Grafs, &c. In a Pbilefiphical 
Senfe, whatever eoqaes to any Beirjg from without, 
is call'd an Adjuqdkjcq that Being, as not naturally 
and efTentiaDy belonging to it, but adjoined or ad* 
ded thereto over and above* k 

36 iura Kegte* a Writ that lies for the King's 
Clerk againlt one that fought to put him out of 
Poffeffion, to the Prejudice of the King's Title irj 
Right of his Crown. 

To #Djurc, to charge earheftly, to put one to 
hi$ Oath, to comnjand a Devilor evil Spirit by the 
Force of Inchantments. 

To Attf lift* to make fit, fet in order, or fettle ; 
co ftace an Account, to determine or make up a 

aOlHtant, an Afififter or Helper, an Abettor $ 
efpecialiy an Officer in a Regiment of Soldiers : 
See Aide Mm] or. 

atUUtaW^Efetltfal, one that accompanies the 
General of an Army, to afllft him in Matter of 
Counfel and Advice, or otherwife. 

90jUtim^ aiding or helping j as ^e Aijutory 
Bones, two Bones that reach from the Shoulders 
to the Elbows, and are fo call'd by fom$Anatomifts. 
fllDmcafurOJIfnt) (in Common-Law) Ggnifies a 
Writ that lies for the bringing of thofe to Reafon, 
that ufurp more thai* their Pare or Share, and it 
takes Efled: in two Cafes, vi%. 

#ttmeafltreilient Of JDofocr, which is where the 
Widow of the deceafed Party holds from the Heir, 
or his Guardian, more Under colour of her Dower, 
than foe has a juft Title tp. 

aDtttCafurcment Of pfflurr, lies between thofe 
that have Common of Pafture belonging to their 
Freeholds, or Common by Neighbourhood, when 
any of them over-charge the Comjncn with more 
Cattle than they ought. 

atOTCMfuratfori, [Lat.) Admeafurement, the Ad 
of Equalizing, or making equal. 

j3&minirIXV (in old Statutes) Aid or Help, Sue* 

cour or Support : In Civil Law, it fignifies imper- 

fedPrpof. r ' 

To ^Dmintftet^ to do Service, to give or difpenfe, 

to govern, manage, or difpofe. 

tfDtJUnrfttatiWt, the Ad of Adminiftriog, the 
doing or managing of fome Affair : In a Law-fenfe, 
the Difpofing of the Eft ate or Goods of a Mao, 
that dy d Inteftate, or without making any Will, 
with an Intent to give in Account thereof. 

JilDllttntfltatO^ one that has the Government 
or Management of any Thing, particularly of 
Publick Affairs inftead of a Sovereign Prince ; as 
The Admini fir ater of Sweden. In Common Law, 
he that has the Goods, &c. of a Perfon, dying 
without a Will, committed to his Charge by the 
Ordinary, and is accountable for the fame as an 

aWttWflratrijr, flie that has fuch Goods and 
Power committed to her. 

aOnttcaUe, that deferves to be admired, won- 
derful, marvellous, excellent, rare, good. 

#Wffrai or %m l^tgb ^imttral Of England, a 
principal Officer of the Crown, who has the chief 
Government of the Royal Navy, and the Deter- 
mining of all Caufes Maritime, as well Civil as 
Criminal : The Word is faid to be deriv'd from 
Amir, in Arabic^ fignifying a Governour, and 
Halios, in Greel^ /. *. belonging to the Sea. This 
great Truft is at present committed to His Royal 
Highncfs Gmw Prince of Wales. 

B a The 

Digitized by V^OOQlC 

A D 

— ■ ■ ■ 

: The Title of Admiral is alfo generally given to | 
the chief Commander of any diftind Squadron or | 
Number of Ships $ as the Admiral of the Hfcd, 
Wlrite y and Blew Squadrons, *vho carry their Flags 
in the Ships Main-top, with the Colours of then: 
Country. There are alfo Vice-Admirals and Rear. 
Admirals 5 whteh fee in Vice and Hear. 

£toteirafti> Courts or l£i($cmirt cf #Dmfcait?, 

the Lord High Admiral's chief Court at London, 
for the deciding of MaritUrie Controversies, Tryal 
of Malefadtors for Crimes committed at Sea, &c. 
where aH Proceedings run in his Name ; and he 
has a Lieutenant caM-d The Judge of the Admiral- 
iy t who is comm6nly fome learned Dodor of the 

#tmrtratfon, (*-*0 the A& of adirtiring or won- 

To jaomtrr, to look upon with Wonder, to won- 
der much, to be furprized at. 

aWrtffiOH or ammm, Riming into, En- 
traftce upon, Allowance : In a Law-fenfe, Admifi 
fion is when a Prefentation to a void Benefice be- 
ing made by the Matron, the Bifhop upon Exami- 
nation allows the Clerk to be able, by faying, Ad- 
mitto te habilem, &c. 

To Smtit or aWnft Of, to receive to aUow of, 
to permit or fuflfer. 

aiOmittrnfiO ClertfO* * Writ granted to one that 
has recbver-d his Right of Prefentation agtinft the 
BHJtop, in the Common-Bench. 

0WtttttttttO hi ©Orium, a Writ for the Affo- 
ciating of certain Perfons to Juftices of Affiac before 

To 3Hrmomffj, to warn, to advife, hint or put 
in mind of ; to reprove. 

aWllOlttttotl or aDmomOTtmttt ? a giving Warn- 
ing, Inftruiftion, or Advice. 

jawaftttttia or 39tt8tft, (1*>. in Anat.) Bran- 
ches which fprout out of the main Stock, as in the 
[Veins and Arteries; 

3tiata ITtlrtta, the common Membrane or Coat 
of the Eye, otherwife call'd ConfunBha and Albu- 
ginea : It arifes from the Scull, grows to the out- 
ward Part of the Tunica Cornea, and that the Vifi- 
ble Species may pafs there, leaves a round hollow 
Space forward, to which is join'd another namelefs 
Coat made up of the Tendons of thofe Mufcles 
that move the Eye." 

3Dntr!)iIe&, (old Law-word) annulled, brought 
to nothing, or made void. 

SLt fl)CtO) (JLat. i. e. to the eighth Number) a 
Term us'd by fome ancient Philosophers for the fu- 
perlative or higheft Degree ; becaufe they reckon- 
ed no Degree above the Eighth, in their Method of 
diftinguifhing Qualities or Accidents. 

&WtfCtntP<> the Flower of Youth, the State 
from ii Years of Age to 21 in Women; or from 
14 to 25 or 30 in Men. 

0ttdpib (Sax. happy Help) a proper Name of 
Men, particularly of a German Emperour, the fe. 
cond of the Auftrian Family. 
t dtWUrf) a Hebrew Word, fignifying Lord, tnd 
fometimcs us'd inftead of Jehovah, for the Lord 

flMnftllfr (i, e* a ruling Lord, or the Lofd is 
Ruler) one of King David's Sons. 

Sl&flntbCJCft, (**. e. the Lord of Betfkj or of 
Thunder) a King of Canaan, who was overcome 
by the Ifraelitei. 

a&omtfe tfflferft, (in GwJ^and Latin Poetry) a 
fon of Verfe firft compost for the Bewailing of 
Adonis's Death : It coufifts only of a Da&yl and a 
Spondee, and is fclcjom us'd but with Sapphic k* ac 
the End of every Strophe or Strain; as Harafw 

j3D0HtS, the fair Son of Cynaras, King of Cyprus f 
by his own Daughter Myrrha, who hunting (as 


the Story goes) in the Uaiian Grove, and being 
kill'd with the Tusk of a wild Boar, was cbang'd 
by Venus into a Flower of a Purple Colour, which 
bears his Name. Adonis is alfo taken for the Slee • 
per, a kind of &a-Fifh, which leaving the Water, 
ufes to fleep on the Sboar. 

£Uglliaitf, an Herb feign'd to have fprung up 
from the Blood of Adonis,, itic Darling of Venus ; 
a fort of Southern- wood. 

jawmijefcfe, (Heb. the Lord's Juttice) an ancient 
King of JerufaUm. 

To&tNpt, (Lat.) to tafcf a Stranger into one s 
Family, chufin$ him for a Son or Heir ; to make 
one that is not a- kin capable to inherit. 

jElttpttOU, the Ad of Adopting, * free Choice 
of one for one's Son. 

jSUloptite, belonging to, ox admitted by Adop- 

3U& (Lot.) a kind of pure bearded, Wheat, 
anciently us'd in Sacrifices. 

JfUwtfbif; fit to be adored m worftripped ; thfc 
Word when apply J d to mortal Men, fignifiet won. 
thy of all Honour and RefpedL 

#M>Mt r a Chymical Weight of 4 Pounds. 
ja&OJKttan.* the AA of Adoring, a rendering of 
profound RefpeA and Submitiion > Worfhip, Re- 
verence, Refpedt, Obfervance. 

To &D0lf, to pay Divine Worfliip, to reverence e 
Alfo to (hew profound Refped and Submiflion, to 
refped in a high Meafure, to. admire or dote ex- 
travagantly upon. 

2too;t*a, (Lat.) a Largeft or Dole of Com, an- 
ciently given to the If/man Soldiers on a Day of 

To fttimtlj to beautify, to deck, trim, or fcfc 

#0 f^omW0 omnium, (Lat.) an Expreffieo us'd 
in Physicians Bills, and fignifyiag, that the Jaft 
mentioned Medicine ought to weigh as much as all 
the reft prefcrib'd before. 

^0 quoO JDamnumy (iV^to what Dammage) 
a Writ that lies for the Sheriff to enquire, vyfoac 
Dammage it may be to others, for the IQn&ib 
grant a Fair or Marker, Gfc. or for a private Per. 
fon to give Lands in Mortmaine to any Religiras 
Houfe, or other Body Politick. 

There is alfo another Writ, Ad quod Dammsm i 
lying where one would turn a common Road or 
High- way, and lay out another as beneficial. 

Mtytimlttk ( Heb. the King's Cloak, or the 
King's GreatnefsJ an Idol of the Affyrians^ to 
whom they burnt their Children in Sacrifice : Al- 
fo the Name of one of Senmuherib's three Sons* 

ftQCttare or ametfaro, (in -old Latin Records) 
to fatisfy, to make amends. 

&tfritittOU0y- added, borrowed,- far fetched, £> 
reign, falfe, counterfeit. 
aWfttltt* fee Proftat*. 

#5 Zttmimm qui prastcrttt, a Writ of Entry 
that lies where a Man having Leafed Lands or 
Tenements, for Term of Life or Years, and afiet 
the Term expir'd is held from them by the Te- 
nant, or a Stranger that potfefles the fame, and 
keeps out the Leflbr. In fuco Cafe this Writ lies 
for the Leflbr and his Heirs, 

To &Dt)ance, (Fr.) to ftep or go forward** to 
prefer or raife, to promote or further* to giive be* 

atftellfe^Wtt^ (in Fort if.) is a iDkcfc digged 
all along the Glacis beyond the Couuterfcarp, and 
ufually fill'd with Water. 

&tibantt<®UQClk (in the- Art of War) the firft 
Line or Divifion of an Army, ranged or marching 
in Battle-array, or that Part which is next to the 
Enemy! or which marches firft towards them* 
; The whole Body of any Army confiftsof the Ad* 
vonce*Guard or Van Guard; the Main Body ani 


Digitized by 


A D 

the Bjar-Guard. Sometimes alfo a Party of Fifteen 

or Twenty Horfe Commanded by a Lieutenant, 

beyond, but within fight of the Main Guard, is 

cail'd an Advance-Guard. 
#Db3nt?mcnt, Preferment, Promotion* . 
itttoaiKCr, (among Hunters) one of the Smarts or 
Branches of a Buck's Attire, vi%. that between the 
Back- Antler and the Palm. 

^Kftaittfigl? Good, Benefic, Profit, Gain, Over- 

fl gtiaHtgjff 0U&> tending to one f s Good or Profit ; 
ufefiil, convenient, excellent; honourable. 

^QbeCttttOUS) {b*t.) that is brought or carry M 
from another Place 5 foreign. ^ 

jSUftOtt, (/. e. Coming) a Time fet a.part by the 
Ghurth itif order to be fpenc in *>pious Preparation 
for the approaching or coming on Feftivaf of our 
Blefled Saviour's Nativity. 

jaCteftt'&Ufl&aVa, are Four in Number; the firft 
of which, if it do not fall on 5c Amirctis's Day, 
November. 30, is the next Sunday after. During 
this Time of Advent, all Law-Suits were ancient- 
ly kid afide, and it, is determine to condone 'till 

j3Dta!taite, a Coat of Defence; Chapca** 
< #&te»ltto VSttto, (Lat. in the Upman Law) iuch 
Good* as come to a Man unexpectedly, and which 
are now commonly call'd Wind-falls. , 

&&tttftttttft 2DW, a Dowry or Portion given to a 
Weman by fome other Friend befides her Parents. 

£&fc*tttWHft that comfs unexpectedly or by 
.Chance. 1 

jaaSXBtitWtttiBlan^UlttJ, fee Glandules > 
. Jjttrtmtitfol!* #atter, (in Pbilof.) fuch Matter 
as does not properly belong to any natural or mixt 
Body, but comes to it from fome other Place; thus 
'tis a Qaeftion, whether in the freezing 0$ Water, 
there do not enter in fome- frigorifick* Panicles, 
which are adventitious to the Water from the Air 
or the freezing Mixture, 

£U> Wmtm WpiCl00UJtt> a AV>it mentioa'd in 
the Statute of Eifoins. See Ventre infficiendo. 

JgltrtXtftlirf, (Fn) Chancy Luck, accidental En- 
counter, Enterprize, Hazard; 

To £UrtVIttUtt, to venture, or put to rke venture, 
to hazard* 

aOtOTtUWUS, hazardous, bold 5 as A very adven- 
turous A8. 

£Utmfy (in Grammar) one of the four undecli- 
nable Part* of Speech, which being join'd to a 
Verb, ferves to exprefs the xnaaaer of Action : Thefe 
arc ufually diftinguilh'd into Adverbs of Time, 
fclace, &c. 
. ^fttKrbial, belonging to ap Adverb. 

#Dt£rtat1?5 an Oppofer, one that is againft ano- 
ther, or is at Law with him ; the ad verfe Party. 

^Dttttfattt)^ as An Adversative Particle, a Term 
in Grammar fignifying a fmall part of Speech that 
exorefTes fome Contrariety or Opposition. 

^Dterfe, contrary* oppofite r InLigiHuiswhen 
the Two Contraries have a perpetual and abfolute 
Oppofition one to anpther. ' 

ZtfaSXfiVg, Calamity, Mifery, Affli&ion, Mif- 
fbrrune, TrovWe. 

To fltftftt, to mark, mind or take heed. 

dtfertfttCP, Attention, Mindfukefr, Heedfulnefs. 

To ftVbat\tt> to give Advice or Intelligence of, 
to warn. 

aBtWttftlWnt, Advice, a potting in Mind, a 
Warning ; Information, Intelligence. 

3DbtCC\ (Fr.) Counfel ; alfo Notice or Account* 

90t>tfablc, that may be advifed about, fit to be 

, To 2dttfr* to cetmfel, to give an Account orin- 
formarion of ; to weigh in Mkid or confider, 

iJWlatttH, (La.) Flattery, Fawning, . 

_ , A D 

atmlatO?, a Flatterer, a fawning Fellow, a 
Claw- back. 

gmilatmp, belonging to, or full of Flattery. 

#DuJt, that is grown or come to full ripenefr of 

SLtmUmtt, adulterated, marred, fpoiled, coun- 
terfeit. ' 

To #Dllltfratt, to corrupt or counterfeit, to 
I marr or fpoil. 

^ flplllt^attw,^eAca of adulterating, fpoiling, 

® Cm rti rcfpcd: of Wlnes » Medicinal Drugs, Chy- 
mical Preparations, tfc. it is the mixing fome ba- 
ler Matter with thofe Things, which hinders them 
from being genuine and truly good in their kind. 

abUlttvmt, belonging to, or given to Adultery. 

SHHUttrp, the defiling of the Marriage-bed, pro- 
perly the Sin of Incontinency between two mar- 
ry d Perfons, yet if but one be marry 'd it is Adul- 

a&UWbjatCB, fliadowed, refembled. 
, &Dumb?atfon, a fhadowing ; Among Painters; 
a Sketch, a rude or rough Draught of a Pidture : 
In Heraldry, an abfolute taking away the Subftance 
of the Charge or Thing born, fo that there remains 
nothing of it, but the bare Proportion of the out- 
ward Lines : It is alfo call'd Tranfparenoy. 

ZttoOtm, a Man well skill'd in the Civil-Law, 
who by Word of Mouth or Writing, maintains the 
right of fuch Parties as have need of his Affiftance ; 
In a figurative Senfe, one that lays to Heart or 
fecures the Interests of another upon all Occafi- 
ons : Thus Chrift is faid To be our Advocate in 

Ecclejiaftical or Church Advocates were of two 
forts, vi%. 1. The Advocate of the Caufes and Inte- 
refts of the Church, retained as a Councellour and 
Pleader, to maintain the Properties and Rights. 
Or 2. The Patron, who had the Advowfon and 

autjoratione fcwtmanim, (La**) a Writ that 

lies for the Claim of the Fourth Part or upwards 
of the Tithes that belong to any Church. 

To #&btto or &t$f#, (Law-Term) to juftify or 
maintain an A& formerly done : As when one takes 
a Diftrefs for Rent, £fc. and the Party Diftrain'd 
fues a Replevin to have his Goods again ; now he 
that took the Diftrefs, or to whofe Ufe the Diftrefs 
was taken, juftifying or maintaining the A<2, is 
faid To Avow. 

SDbofoCC or &&0tDfl, one that has a Right to 
Prefent to a Benefice. 

jaifrtoee ttarantOint, the higheft Patron, that 
is to fay, the King, according to Stat. 15. B. 5. 

jattebTon or ^DtJotojftt, (in Common-Law) is a 
Right which a Bifhop, Dean and Chapter, or their 
SuccefTors, or any Lay-Patron have, to prefent a 
Gterk to a Benefice when it becomes void : Tis 
much the fame as Jus Patronatus in the Cannon-Law, 
and is of Two forts, vi\. either Appendant or in 

&0tofnT0tf jSppOttatlt^ that which depends on a 
Manour, as an Appurtenance of it, and is therefore 
termed an Incident by kitchen, but it may be fold 
by it felf. and then it is in Grofs, 

ilo^Oiufon in <C:0ffl, that Right of Prefentation 
which is principal, fole or abfolute, and does not * 
belong to any Manour, as a part of its Right. 

dtWQtBtrp, an old word us'd for Adultery,in feve- 
ral of our Statute-Laws and other ancient Records. 

0buft) (Lat.) burnt, parched, over-heated. A- 
mong Phyficians the Blood is faid To be Aduft, when 
by reafon of execfiive Hear, the thinner Parts of 
it fteem forth in Vapours, whilft the thicker re- 
main black and full of Dregs, as if they were 
iJOuftWII, fcorching, parching 

Digitized by 



E Q 

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JE&tfca, (L4/.) certain Magiftrates arhong the 
ancient Remans, who had the Overfight of Build- 
ings both Holy and Profane • as alio of Bjuhs, 
Water- cotirfes, Conduits, tfc. Of thefe there were 
Three fores. vi%. . 

lEbilt* $*icbeit or #UtO?«, who being Two in 
Number, were chofen from among the Commonal- 
ty, and ferv'd at the fame time with the InBuhes 
of the People. , . . my 

JEtilCS Cereal^ were great Officers appointed 
and taken out of the Patrician Order, to n&nage 
.Affairs relating to the Price of Corn, wholtfome- 
hefs of Vi&uals, ($c. 

jElrilC* CttCUif S or SPafo?e«, were Patricians or 
Noble-Men,' ifchofe chief Office was to look after 
the Celebration of the great Games and Sports, to 
be it the Charge of Plays, and the Shews of Gla- 
diators or Sword-Players ; befides their fhare in all 
the other Offices of the Plebeian JEdiks. . 

jEtatra QRlCttft, Ulcers or Sores about rne Piivy 
Parts ; Buboes, Shankers. 

JEjplop*, ( Gr. ) a Weed that grows amidft 
Corn, Darnel, Wild Oats; a fort of Root like 
Garlick or Onions J a kind of Tree that bears 
Acorns or Maft: Alfo a Swelling betwixt the 
Nofe and great corner of tjie Eye, which if it be 
not (eafonably open'd , the Bone underneath will 
putrifie: It is alfo often taken for the Fijtul* La- 
cbry mails. 

-rffiffipafltfi, Beafts like Men, having their Feet 
and lower Parts like Goat* j Satyh or rither De- 
vils. Lev. 27. 7* 

^gtpvtOd, a kind of Plant, q. d. Buck-wheat. 

4?gfrfn0tt, a fort of Ointment made of the Ber- 
ries of the black Poplar-tree. 

jEgftljua, a little Bird faid to be at deadly hatred 
with the Afs for fpoiling her Ncft, which is for the 
moft part amidft the Thiftles, fo that (he continual. 
ly vexes him by pecking his gali'd Back. 

-^BlCft8| a Pfcftoral Song. See Eclogue. 

iEgfttfwalUfi, a kind of Bird that has ftb 

jEgOttraS, an Herb like a Goat's Horns ftne- 

AtfipCttQB, one of the Signs of the fydUck, call'd 
Capricorn in Latin. 

sSQtilttfytnj a fort of Crow-foot, a Flower. 

iEgOlUK, a kind of Owl, a Bird. 

jEgWtpefton, the Herb Gromwell. 

jEgopj)ti)almoS, a precious Stone like a Goat's- 

iEgpptiatUHl fc. Vnguentum, an Ointment made 
of Englifb Honey, Verdegreefe, Diers Galls, Green* 
Copperas, &c. which is of a very cleaning Quality 
for Ulcers, and takes Name from its black Colour 
likethe Hue of an Egyptian. 

JElUHlfi, the Cat, a well known Creature, fo 
call'd, becaufe its Tail is ffreak'd with feveral 

JBrtfglltty fee Enigma. 

JBoltCb #006, fee Mood in Mufick, ' 

AolipMe or ^£0l0pple, a Device anciently made 
ufe of to help fmoaking Chimneys : Alfo a round 
hollow Ball made of Braft, Copper, or other Me- 
tal, with a Neck and a very hnall Hole ; which 
being about Two thifd parts filled with Watef, and 
fet on or near the Fire, the Vaporous Air will break 
forth with very great Noife and Violence : Alfo 
an Inftrument, otherwife call'd the Hermetical or 
wind-bellows uftful for Smhhs, and in ChymicaJ 

^qttatOl, fee Equator. 

JEquflattVAl, fet Equilateral 

£<)Uflib:ittnT, (tat. in Mechanic/^) is Wnert ei- 
ther equal Weights at equal Diftances, or unequal 
ones at Diftances mutually proportionable to the 

Center; caufe the Arms of any Libra or Ballan ce 
to hang evcii, io that they do not out-weigh one 
another j even Weight and Poife. See Equili- 

j£qUtkOCa! 5 fee Equivocal. 

jZUr, (Gr.) the Air, one of the Four Elements, 

/Era, the Weed Darnel or Cockle. 

lEt% (Ldt. in Cbronol.) a particular Account or 
Reckoning of Time and Years from fome remark-* 
able Event, as from the Creation of the World, the 
Deftru&iqn of Troy, the Building of Hpme 9 and 
more-efpecially that of the Chriftians from the 
Birth pf our Blefled Lord and Saviour. It is th> 
fame with Efocba ; which fee. 

Areoitim or ^SreolUg, (Lat.) the Weight of 
Ttoo Grains, the thirty fixth part of a Drachm. 

Ztttillp belonging to the Air. 

Arfca, (Lat.) a Fifh of the Colour of Brafs, an 
Herring, a Red Herring. 

JB*r§uft* (Gr.) a Jafperftone like the Air or Sky 
in Colour. 

j2tet0Sttattt£ 9 a Divining or Fore-telling of things 
by certain Signs in the Air. 

Rttttttdi, Honey-dew or Manna. 

2&USQ, {Lot.) the Ruft or Canker of Metal, the 
Green Ruft of Copper or Brafs; Verdegreefe: Al- 
fo Mildew or the Blafting of Corn, &c< 

%ttP y fee Airy. 

MB> Brafs or Copper. 

<£0 tBfftlttt, calcined Copptt; which is made by 
laying Copper-plates in Beds with Powder of Sul- 
phur or Brimftone in a Crucible, whole Cover or 
Lid has a Hole in it to give the Vapours vent, while 
the Matter is Calcining in a ftrong Fire. 

ififidfUt, (Gr.) a kind of little Hawk, the Mer- 
lin, the Hobby. 

JBXt fjtta, the Affa-coloured Water! fly, an Infed. 

JEffyVnomtnWB #IanM, (among Herbalifts) 
thofe Plants which as one comes near them with the 
Hand, (brink in their Leaves, the fame With the 
Senfitive ; which fee. 

MitUlw, (JLat.) a kind of Tree bearing Maft 
Beach, and having a broad Leaf. 

Writer*, fee Efnecy. 

iEfttatatto Capitis (Lat.) a Value fet on one** 
Head $ a Term in the old Saxon Law. King A- 
tbelfian, in a great Affembly held at Exeter, del 
clar'd what fines were to be paid pro dftimatione 
Capitis, for Offences committed againft feveral 
Perfens, according to their Degrees j Thus the ji- 
ftamation of the King's Head was 36000 Tbrym* 
fas ; that of an Archbifhop or Prince 1^060 • of * 
Bifhop or Senator 8000, of a FVieft or Thane 
2oo6 t t3c> 

-ffiflitWl, belonging to the Suftimer; is the ^1- 
val Solflice. See Solftice. 

iEftuarp, a Place over-flbw*d with Sea-water, 
fuch as the Waflies and Fens in Lincolnshire, t 
Marfli full of Silt-water : In a Medicinal Senfe', a 
receiving of the Vapours or Steam of certain boiled 
Drugs into the Body, thro' a hole made in a Seat 
or Chair. See Vapirary. 

JEtate pafcanto, a Writ that lies for the Heir of 
the Tenant that held of the King in Chief to prove 
that he is of full Age, that fo he may become Te- 
nant to the King by the fame Services that were 
perfprm'd by his Anceftour. 

^tr, (Gr.) the Firmament, the Sky; that pare 
of Heaven which is above the Three Regions of the 
Air, and fill'd with a pure Subftance. 

XttyttAy belonging to the Heavens, Sky, or 
Air, Heavenlv. 

A3i)tttal $atttt, or JEtbtX (among Naturaliftt ) 
is taken for a very fine, thin, tranfparcnt Fluid, 
that fome will have to furroond the Earth, up as 


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far as the Firmament of fixed Stars y which eafily 
pierces and runs through all Things, and lets aU 
Things ran as eafily through it. 

Jitpopt*, an Herb growing in A£tbiopia 9 like 
Lettice, wuh which Inchanters heretofore rts'd to 
open Locks, dry up Rivprs, &c. 

AttjiffV&i a Native of Aitbiofia, a Country of 
jSfrica, a Black-moor. 

JEtljiopg Mineral, a Medicine made by Imbo* 
dying equal Parts of running Quick-/ilver and 
Flower of Brimftone, and then deflagrating or 
burning off the Mixture in a Crucible : Or elfe 
only mingling them Well together in a Glafs Mor- 
tar, without inkindling the Matter at all ; 'till 
the Quick-fiber quite disappears and the Powder 
turns bltck. 

JEttolOgtO) fin Hbetorick) a (hewing of a Caiife 
or Reafon : Among Phyficians, the Reafon which 
is fiven of Natural or Preternatural Accidents in 
Humane Bodies. 

JEttOtOgtCa, that part of Phyfick which explains 
the Caufes and ReaTonf of Diieafes, in order to 
their Cure. 

£Uttftt* the Eagle-ftone, a certain Stone which 
when fhaken, rattles as if there were another with- 
in it : 'Tis found by the Sides of Rivers, in Fields, 
and on Mountains ; but falfely faid to be taken out 
of Eagles Nefts. 

Mttkj a Burning Mountain in the Wand of Si- 
cily, which continually fends forth Whirl-winds 
of Fire and Smoak, with Clouds of Allies, and 
fometimes great Stones ihto the Neighbouring 

$ffatfttitp, eafineft of Addrefc, courtefy, kind- 
pets, gentlenefs. 

#ffablt, eafie to be fookeh to, courteous, civil. 

#ffatr, (Fr.) Bufinels. Thing, Matter, Concern. 
To &{Rtt* (Lat,) to ftudy or fet one's Mind up- 
on, to vouch or have Inclination for, off move, to 
love, to defire of hanker after, to endeavour to get, 
to afpire to. 

jaflfeCtttfoH, an eager Defire : Alfo Afledednefc, 
afle&ed Study, Precifencft, Nfcenefs, Formality, 
formal Way. 

&$ftte&* difpofed or inclined to ; alfo fcudied, 
over-curioufly done $ as an affeUcd Style : Alfo pre- 
cife, nice, formal ; as affc&ed Ways : In a Medici- 
nal Senfe, troubled or feized with a Diftemper, 
difeafed ; as, the Part offered. 

Affection, Love, Paffion, Good-will, Kindncfc, 
Inclination towards. 

0ffecCiOliate, well affiled to, full of Affedtion, 
kind, lo\ing. 

ftffectlift, (Lat.) the Affe&ion, Difpofition, or 
Motion of the Mind : Among Phyficians, it is ta- 
ken for Sicknefi, or any Difturbance in the Body. 
See Pathema and Paffion. 

8Ufttttr&> (Law-Term) Perfons impowered by 
Courts leet upon Oath to fet Fines on tKofe that 
have committed Faults, which are arbitrarily 
punifhable, and have no exprefs Penalty appointed 
by the Sratute. 

To 3ffere an 3mttCCmcntj to mitigate or lef- 
fen the Rigour of a Fine. 

#<fiflnce, (Fr.) Truft, Confidence. In a Law- 
fenfe, the plighting t>f Troth between a Man and 
a Woman, upon an Agreement of Marriage. 

f To Affiance, to Betroth. 

&ff&arc, (in old Latin Records) to plight one's 
Faith, or give Fealfy by making Oath* 

£U£tmttO SDOttttttC^Utlt, an Oath taken by the 
Lords in Panu^enf* 

0ffvWttl0, a Tenant by Fealty. 

3fft0atrit, a Law-pord, fignifying a Depofition, 
or the Witneilin^ of a Thing upon Oath $ as, To 
make Affidavit. 

AJF ^ 

a«fit*lri, or amrtari ad arm*, (in anient 
Deeds) to be enrolled and muttered for Soldiers, 
Upon an Oath of Fidelity. 

flfflWffC, (Fr.) a Refining of Metals. 

&ffltttP, (Lat.) Kindred or Alliance- by Marri- 
age ,• Relation or Agreeablenefs between feveral 

To iJlIIrm, to affure, avouch, or maintain the 
Truth of a Thing. In a legal Senfe, to ratify or 
confirm a former Law, Sentence, or Decree ; as, 
If the Judgment be affirmed, Sec. 

dfftnttance, the A& of Affirming or Ratifying 
after fiich a manner. 

^ffUtllflttaf) art Affirming, A/Turing, or Speak* 
ing Point-blank. 

Affirmative, that ferves to affirm, peremptory; 
pofitive $ in which refped it is oppofed to Nega- 

To &f&]T, to faften to, to fet up, or poft up a 
Bill, &c. 

To Afflict, te caft down, to grieve, trouble, dif- 
quiet, or vex. 

Affliction, Trouble, Sorrow, Anguifh, Vexation; 
Grief, Advcrfity, Misfortune, Calamity, Mifcry, 

flffiltttltt, Plenty, great Store, Abundance 1 , 

Afflux a flowing, as of Humours upon or to 
any Part. 

38Fmnamrnt, (in old Records) a Fort or ftrong 
Hold. B 

Affftlf tOTUIIlUttt Curiar, the ca!lingy>f a Court 
upon a folemn and extraordinary Occafion. 

T6 AfltoD, to give or yield. 

To Afffljfff, (a T*rm in the Ferefi L*»J to lay 
wafte a pieceof Ground, and turn it into Foreft. 

To AfftancWft^ (Fr.) to fet one at Liberty from 
Slavery, to make him Free. 

0ffr«p, a Fray, Skirmifh, or Fight between 
two or more Parties : In a Law-fenfe, a Terrour 
caus'd in the Subjeft, even withQUt a Word fpo- 
ken, or a Blow given, which may be done by 
making an unlawftil Shew of Violence; as a Man 
appearing with Armour or Weapons not ufually 
worn, may ftrike a Fear into others unarmed ; fo 
that it is a Wrong to the Commonwealth, and 
in that refperft differs from an Ajfault, which is an 
Injury to a particular Perfon. 

3ffltta!tK!mim, ( in old Latin Records ) the 
Freight of a Ship, from the French Word Fret of 
the fame Signification. 

afftt or aflFra, Bullocks or Beafts of the Plougfc. 
In Northumberland to this Day, a flow or dull Hor& 
is called a falfe Aver or Afer. 

To &fftfgftt 9 to put in a Fright or Fear, to feared 

Affront, (Ft) Abufe or Wrong ; an Injury done 
one, either by Words or Blows, or other bad U- 

To SffVcmt, to offer an Affront, to brave or 
fwaggerover, to abufe. 

flfftOntttJC, abufive, injurious. 

0tFufion 9 a pouring in or upon. 

3fHca, one of the four Parts of the World, Co 
called from Afer, the Son or Companion of Her* 
cules ; or according to Jofefbus, from Opber the 
Grand fon of Abraham. 

flfticaiW, or aftiCa4^ariff0ittS, a fort of Flow- 

jafrfcU0, the Wind South- Weft and by Weft; 
fp call'd by the Latin Poets, becaufe it blows from 
the Continent of Africa. 

3ft or 3*aft, a word us'd by Seamen to figni- 
fy any Acftion, Motion, or Application, from the 
Stem of the Ship towards the Stern ; as, Go aft, 
i. e. Go towards the Stern ; How cbear ye fore and 
nft ? 1. e. How fares all your Ships Company ? 


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A G 

A G 

Arid beeaafe the Matter's or Captain's Cabbin is 
generally in the hinder Part of the Ship under the 
Quarter-Deck, 'tis a ufual Compliment to a Per- 
fon come on Board, Sir t will you fleafe to wali 

2fter JWtttl, (in Husbandry) the After-Grafs, or 
fecond Mowings of Grafs ; or elfe Grafs or Stub- 
ble cut after Corn. 

Sifter vfMtlg, ( among Sea-men ) the Sails that 
belong to the Main and Miffen Mafts, and keep 
the Ship to the Wind. 

Slgaj a Turkjfh Word fignifying a great Officer ; 
as, The Aga, or chief Captain of the Janizaries. 

jjgag, ; He i. a Garret or upper RoomJ a King 
of the Amalekjtes, who being taken Prifoner by 
Saul, was hewn in Pieces ali?e. 

3gtU> a Term in Merchandize, fignifying the 
Difference in Holland or Venice of the Value of 
Current Money and Bank-Notes, which in Holland 
is often 3 or 4 per Cent, in favour of the Notes. 

Agalactia* (Gr.) want of Milk to give Suck 
agaH'ttbiim, Wood of Aloes. 
Ugapr, Love, Charity, Kuidnefs^ Alms-giving ; 

JJgap^ Love-Feaftj, certain Feafts us'd among 
the Primitive Chriftians, after they had received 
the Sacrament of the Lord s Supper together, for 
the more clofc uniting thcmfelves in Love and 
Friend drip. 

SagariCDH, Agariek, a kind of Mufhroom that 
grows on the Trunks and great Branches of old 
Trees, efpeciaily the Larch- Tree : ! Tis both Male 
and Female, but the Female is moft us'd in Phy. 
fick, to purge the Brain, Qfe 
3gafxU0, a Gafe-hound. 
&a&% ( old Word; put in a great Fright, dif- 
tnay% with Fear. 

agatp, a precious Stone, of which Hafts for 
Knives and other Curiofities are made. See A- 

ag£> (FrJ the whole Continuance of Man's 
Life 5 alfo a Space of Time of 100 Years com- 
pleat : In a Law-Senfe, it is taken for thofe fpe- 
cial Times which enable Men and Women to do 
that which for want of riper Years and Judg- 
ment, they could not do before. Thus a Man at 
12 Years may take an Oath of Allegiance in a Leet, 
at 14 he is at the Age of Difcretion, and at xi of 
full Age, C£c. 

jtlg^pijcr, (in Common Law) is when an A&i- 
on is brought againft one that is under Age, for 
Lands coming to him by Defccnt ; for then he 
may move the Court ; and pray that the A&ion 
may be ftaid 'till he attain to his full Age ; which 
is generally allowed in moft Cafes : But it is other- 
wife in the Civil Law, which obliges Children in 
their Minority to anfwer by their Tutors or 

Ageitia, (Gr.) a Batallion of Horfe or Foot, a 
Squadron, a Brigade. 

agemoglailSi ( IWri I e. untaught) the Chil- 
dren of Chriftians, who while young are feized 
on by the Tmkjfb Officers, to be inftru&ed in the 
Mahometan Principles, and made Janizaries, 
#genl?inc, fee Hogenhine. 
Agfflt, (Lat.) a Doer, a Fa&or or Dealer for 
another ; a Refident that manages the Affairs of a 
Prince or Common-wealth in a Foreign Country, 
In a Phyjical-Stnfe, that which ads upon Bodies, 
and caufes aN Generations and Corruption?. 

agent anD gattritf, a Law-Phrafi, us'd when 
one is the Doer of a Thing, and alfo the Party to 
whom it is done ; as where a Woman endows her 
felf of the <aireft Poffeifion of her Husband. 
#gerfltiit> (Gr.) a vigorous old Age. 

Age Catcn> an Herb call'd Everlafting • Moth- 
wort, Cotton-weed, or Maudlin. 

t To Agglomerate, to roll or wind up into 
a Bottom. 

To j3ggraitli$C, to make great, to enlarge, to 
raife, to advance, or prefer. 

To Aggravate, to make heavy or grievous, to 
heighten, to enlarge upon the heiuoufnefs of a 
Aggravation, the A& of Aggravating. 
^SflpCgatC, the whole Mafs that ariles from the 
joining or gathering together of ieveial Things : 
In Arithmetic^, the Total or Summ of divers Num. 
bers added together. 

To Aggregate, to join together and unite to 
the fame Body, to aflbciate, to admit or receive 
into a Society. 

3ggrrgateD IFtofoer, fee Compounded Flower. 
Aggregation, the Ad of Aggregating or Joining 
together, fife 

Aggreffe0 or ffl)greffefi, (in Herald^) the fame 
as Pellets and Balls : See Balis and OgreJJa. 

#ggre(Tour, an Affailer, one that firft fets upon 
or affaults ; a Beginner of an Enterprize. 

Aggrefteirt, a Difeafe in Hawks, proceeding 
from a iharp Humour. 

AggrtetJ0D, affli&ed or troubled, wronged. 
AgtlD, {Sax. Law- Term) free from Gild or 
Penalty, not fubjedk to the Cuftomary Fine or Tax. 
Agile, (Lat t ) quick, nimble, fwifr. 
AgilttP, A&ivity, Nimblenefs. 
AgilteOu offended. Chaucer. 
AgtUartUg, (in old Latin Records) a Hay ward 
or Keeper of the Herd of Cattle in a common Field, 
Sworn at the Lord's Court by folemn Oath. This 
Officer was of two forts, *£%. I. The Common 
Hayward of a Town or Village, appointed to look 
after and guard the greater Cattle, or Common 
Herd of Kine and Oxen, and t® keep them within 
their due Bounds. II. The AgilUrius of the Lord 
of a Manour, or of a Religious Houfe, who was 
to take Care of the Tillage, Fencing, Harveft- 
Work, &c. And to fee that there were no En- 
croachments or Trefpafles committed on that par- 
ticular Diftrid $ much the fame with that Officer, 
who has fince been call'd the Fields- man. 

Agiff, (Fr.) properly a Bed or Rcfting-place : 
Whence in Common-Law, to Agifl fignifies to take 
in and feed the Cattle of Strangers in the Kings 
Foreft, and to gather the Money due for the 
fame, to his Majefty's Ufe : Alfo to rake in other 
Mens Cattle into any Ground, at a certain Rate 
per Week. 

AgtftatOi or £giffo:, an Officer that takes CatJ 
tie into a Foreft, and receives Money upon that 
Account : Thefe Officers, otherwife called, Guefi- 
takers, or Gift-takers in Englifh, arc made by the 
King's Letters-Patent, and are Four in Number 
in. every Foreft where he has Pawnage. 

Aglttment, the Herbage or Feeding of Cattle 
in a Foreft or Common. 

To Agitate, (Lat.) to tumble and rote, to ban- 
dy, to debate a Queftion ; alfo a Term in Philofo- 
phy ; as Fire or Heat agitates ; i. e. fths up the 
Particles, or/mall Parts of all Bodies, and puts them 
into afwift Motion. 

Agitation, an agitating, violent Motion, joul- 
ting, tumbling, or toiling; Difturbance or Difquiet 
of Mind, Trouble ; alfo the Management of a 
Bufinefs in Hand. In a Phikfjphical Senfe, the 
brisk inward Motion of the Corpufc'es, or'veTy 
fmall Farts of any natural Body. 

Agitato:, one that carries on any Buflncfs or 
Defign : The Name of Agitators was particular- 
ly apply'd during the Civil Wars, A. D. 1647, 
to certain Perfons, who were chofen out of every 


Digitized by 


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A H 


Regiment to fit in Council, and to manage >the Af- 
fairs of the Parliament-Army. 

flglaoptjOttJJ, a Plant which fome take for the 

2ffto, ( Fr the Tag of a Point; a little Plate 
of Metal ; alfo a kind of Subftance growing out of 
fome Trees before the Leaves. 

SgittS or SglttM, (among Florifts) are the Pen- 
dants that hang on the Tip-ends of Chives and 
Threads ; as in Tulips, Rofes, Spike-grafs, £&. 

Sariail, a Sore that breaks out at the Root of 
the Nails, in the Fingers or Tees. 

flirtation, {Lat. in the Civil Law) that Line 
of Consanguinity or. Kindred by Blood, which is 
between Males defcended from the. fame Father ; 
as Cognation is the Line of Parentage between 
Males and Females, both defcended from the fame 

Sign**, (Gr.) a Proper Name of Women, fig- 
nifying Chafte. 

agtlina iLtngua, (Lot) Lambs-tongMe, or Rib- 
wort-Plantain $ an Herb. 

dgntttttl, an Acknowledgment, in fpeaking of 
a : Pjerl6n, or Thing known or discovered by lome 
Mark or Token. 

, 'jagBOtttttt, (among the Hpnut**)* Name added 
to the Sir-Name of a Perfon, and given upon 
account of fome particular A&ion ; as one of the 
Spipios was named Africanus, and the .other Afi* 
Mticus, from their brave Exploits in Africa and Ajia. 
Thus with us King William I. was Sir-named the 
Conquer our, 

3g!1U6, a Lamb, or young Sheep under a Year 
old. ' 

a«ttUS CatfllS, the chafte Tree ; a Tree other- 
wife call'd Abraham's Balm and Italian Willow. 

aflltUB W>tU ('• *- the Lamb of God) a Figure 
of the Holy Lamb with a Crofs ftarnp'd on a Piece 
of white Wax of an Oval Form, and blefs'd by 
the 'Pop*, in order to be given or fold as a previous 

- 9g0tl&Ua, (G-.) certain Feafts kept yeariy among 
the ancient Romans, Jan. 9. with Games, playing 
of Prizes, and other Exercifes. 

^gmtfta, a Champion, one tkat ftr^ves in Ma- 
fteries ,- > a Wreftler, " 

0gOltOt|)eta, an Overfeer at Feats of A&ivity, 
the Judge in fuch Games, a Matter of the Revels. 

£ggOtU>, Extremity of Anguifh, when Nature 
makes the laft Effort againft a Difeafe, the Pangs 
of Death ; an Horrmir or trembling Paifion, ex- 
ceffive Gcieffor Trouble of Mind. 

3g0HtP, a little American Beaft like a Rabbet in 
fhape and fize, having but two Teeth in each Jaw, 
and feeding it felf like a Squirrel ; Bur they are 
fierce, and when anger 'd ftamp with theirHind-feet, 
<pnd fet their Hair pcrfe&ly upright. 
Vj3(rramefi, (old Word) grieved. 

#gtanatt iUto, a certain Law made by the 
ancient Romans, for the during of Lands got by 
Conqucft, among the common People. 

To 2gf £fig£, t# gather together. Chaucer. 

To ftgttt, (Fr.) to yield or confent, to ftrike up 
a Bargain, to make up a Difference. 

Sgrttftbll, that agrees or fuits with ; alfo plea- 
sant, charming, graceful. 

#grCCtttCrtt, Agreeablenefs, Union, Relation, 
Reconcilement ; alfo Articles agreed upon, Con- 
trad, or Bargain : In Common Law, it is taken 
for a joyning together or confent of two or more 
Minds, in any thing already done, or to be done 

STfffta, a fcurvy Scab hard to cure, a rebellious 
Ulcer ; Alfo the Shrub Holly, the Leaves of 
which are good for the Cholick and Pains in the 

%mcaittl)a, a fort of wild Thiftle. 

Agriculture, (Lat.) the Arc of Husbandry, or 
Improvement of Land, by which means the Earth 
is tilled and manured, in order to render it fruit, 
ful, and to make it bring forth* Tree?, fclanu, and 

Zgtitlxn, (Gr.) the wild Olive-tree. 

ggrtfolium, (Lat.) the Holly or Holm-tree. 

agnmonia^ Agrimony, an Herb fomewhat like 
Tanley, good againft Stoppages of the Liver, as 
alfo in the Dropfie, Jaundice, &c. . 
we ymoma ^plteftri*, wild- Tanfey, Silver: 

%rtoartW^mim, (Gr.) a fort of Water-crefles • 
an Herb. * 

agriocafldnuth, Earth-nut, a Root, which be- 
lt* peel d and boil'd in Broth, is a pleafant Food, 
and very nourishing.* 

affttOfOCCpmefta, wild Prunes pr Plums. 

SWWCVMta, the wild Artichoak. 

ZgCUmtZlta, a fort of wild Quince. 

flgriotl, a kind of wild Raddifli. 

agrtopaflmaca., the wild Garret or Parfoip ; 

alfo an Herb cali'd Saxifrage of Candia. 

WOP&Plbn, Hpgs-fennel, or Sulphur- won ; 
an Herb,., . * * 

■ A ^tOftlimim, a fort of Crow-foot, a Flower* 

gSflJ^t* ftWpd, of wild Wheat. 

ttgttfta, (Lot?) a Name given to fuch as cajne 
into rjie World w#i Difficulty, or Were born with 
their Feet forward : Sf vera] Perfbr^of Note among 
the Ancients haye had this Name, particularly 
fome of the Kines of $udu. . ' 

gjjrife, (old Wpr4) aftoniflied, much afraid; . : 

^groteD, a Word in Chaucer^ ugnifying, fwelled 
or made big. 

ggrutCbcS, abbridjed. Chaucjsx. 

agrppnta, (Gr.) a watching or adreaming Slum: 
ber, a Diftemper which procee4s f .from fome Dis- 
order in the Brain. . / ,/':"* * 

^grppnorom&^ tfce fame? as Qma Vigil - whicb 

0ffU£, a Difeafo proceeding fjoip f a hot and dry 
Diftemper of the Bloo^:whi^;fs^ known by a 
violent Motion of the £ulfe$i and a,(hjakingFit. 

SLgUt-mt, fc^Sftfafras. : r 1 

flguif^, befonging to, or trqurjed with an Ague? 

J3gtira^ a Hebrew Coin 5 fee GeraL 
*., SUBOA} (&•) a Mountebankthac fells his Drugs 
to the Common People $ a Juggler or Fortune- 

&|db, (Heb. the Brothel's Father) a wicked 
King of Ifrae/, who married JtqAeL, 

MBfrh ('• ^ a taking or poffeffing) an idolatrous 
King of Judab. 

J3lWjia|f, (/. ^. Apprehenfion or SFght of the 
Lord) a dilfolute King of J/"r4ff/. 
SLtfc&ty (/ . r. a Brother's Help ) a Prince of 

aitmrfccfc (/. e. a King's brother, or of his 
Council) a Prieft, who receiving David at Nob, 
was put to Death witfr other Priefts by Doeg. 

HljttOP^U (1. e. a Brother forfaken, or without 
Wifdom or Grace) a Councellour to King David, 
who confpir'd with Abfalom againft him. 

#|0ttajb (/. e. the Tabernacle, or Brightnefs of 
the Lord,) an excellent Workman, who was em- 
ploy *d in the making cf the Tabernacle. 

jHtyoltbatttalb (i.e. my Tent or famous Manfion) 
the Wife of Efau. 

£M&5 (Fr.) Affiftance, Help, Succour, Support, 
Relief. In a Law-fenfe, a Subfidy or Tax : It was. 
alfo heretofore taken fd* an Imposition laid upon 
Tenants by the King or other Lord for Knight- 
ing his.fij.deft Son, oc marrying his Daughter. Al- 
fo a Petition made in Court, for the calling in of 
C ° Help 

Digitized by 


A I 

A L 

help from another that has Intereft in the Caufe in 
Queftiori, and is likely to give Strength to the 
Party that Prays m Aid of him. 

jaiDt DC CaWP, an Officer in the Army that al- 
ways actendsone of the Generals, i. e. the General, 
Lieutenant-General, or Major-General, to receive 
and carry tbei* Ordefrs, as occafion requires s And 
the Kj*g* *$& s ** Cnfn h are certain young Gen- 
rlemen of Note appointed for that Purpofe by the 
King when he is in the Field. 

fltflf J^ajOZ or aWtltffnt, a Military Officer, 
fhat eafes the Major of Part of the Burden of his 
Duty, and performs it all in his Abfence : When 
the BataUion is drawn up, his Poft is on the Left, 
beyond all the Captains, and behind the Lieute- 
ittftt-Collonel. ^ . 

#tel ot Stifle, the Name bf a Wtit : See Ayel. 

atgluaS, <Gr.) a kind of fweet Wine, rhat 
never work'd, Stum. 

#tgre fie Cctnre, (Fr.) a cooling Lrqudr m*ie of 
Limmon and Sugar. 

fligrglt, fee Houfe-leek, 

To all, (old W6rd) to bfe frck of ill at tafe ; 
whence the tommon Qpeftion, ;*#4f ails you? bom 
the Saxon Word Adle, i. e. Sfcknefs. 

0ilmetlt, a light Diforder, or Jpdifpbfitfoo' bf 
the Body. ' 

£tm, the foiftt 'where 6ie Itfok* to flioot at a 
Mark ; a Defign or Purpofe. ' 

#tr, one of the fotir Elemehts therein we breath, 
apd which fome define tb be a tfanfparent fluid 
Body, capable of being drawn together or inlarg- 
ed, covering the Earth and Sea, to a great height 
above the higheft Mountains : Alfo a Tune in Mu- 
iick ; klfo Looks, Countenance, Catriage, or the 
Harmony of Features, efpeciaUy in a Pufture. 

SHc^UtnPi an Inftrument contrived to draw 
the Air out of proper Veffels. 
' HtCt or #tt1>, ( among Falconers) a Neft of 
Hawks, or pther Birds of Prey ; efpecially the 
freft, which Falcohs make choice of to batch their 
Young in. . 

! attT, belonging to the Air, brisk, full of Air or 
Life ; alfo, that is of no Subftance, thin, light. 

SltCP S^CtTOZB, fee Meteors. 

9Ut? EriplWtp, the Signs of Gemini, Libra and 
'Aquarius, according to the Account of Aflrolo- 
*jers, who ufually divide the Twelve Signs of the 
ibdiacl^ into four Ternaries or Combinations of 
three, conformably to the Qualities of the four 

#ffe or #JT4We]D, a fort bf Herb. 
, atttemertta, (in ancient Latin Deeds) Eafements 
6r Conveniencies, including any Liberty fcf Paf- 
fage, open Way, Water-courfe, (3c. for the Eale 
and Benefit of any Tenant of a Houfe or Land. 

#tflJ)Cfi*, (Gr.) Senfe, which is two-fold, vi\. 
either outward; as Seeing, Hearing, Smelling, Ta- 
fting, and Feeling ; or inward, ufually ftyl'd the 
common Senfory ; as the Fancy, the Memory, (3c 
Alfo the AA of Feeling, (3c 

^ttttietCrion, the Organ or Inftrument of Senfe : 
It is alfo taken by Anatomifts for the Seat of the 
Common Senfory in the Brain, which Des Cartes 
would have plac'd in the Glandula Pinealis, but is 
now generally fuppofed to be about the Beginning 
of the Medulla Oblongata in the Corpus Striatum. 

Slit or d&Pgfjt, (Sax,) a little Ifland in a River, 
where Ofiers grow ; as thofe in the Thames by 
Brentford, Cbyfmci^ &c. 

' Mfat28, (Gr.) the Herb Serfgreen, or Houfe- 

0/llfaffe, (Fr.)tht Spout for a Jet fEau, ot Pipe 
ths^t throws up Water in any Fountain. 
" &t$tt»T, (Gr.) an Herb always green, "csdFd Ai- 
green or Sengreen, of which there are feveral forts, 
as Houfe- leek, (3c. 

#1, an Arabic^ Particle often put to Words, to 
give them a more emphaticai Signification ; as 
Akhymy, Algebra, Alkali , &c. 

#la, (jLat?) the Wing of a Bird, a Pionion : 
Among HerbaU&s, the Angle which either the 
Leaves or the Foot-ftalks of Leaves make with 
the Stalk ; or with any Branch of the Stalk, and 
which is always tending upwards : Sometimes it 
is aifo taken for a fmail Branch making an Anglfc 
likewife with the Sulk. 

J9U?^ was alfo taken by the Remans, fox die 
Wings of their Army, being tw© Bodies of Men, 
one on the Right, and the other on tbcLeft, each 
of wfcich ufually confifted <rf 400 Horfe, and 4400 
Foot ; being wtoIIv made up of Confederate Troops 

In Anatomy, W* are Ac Sides of the N«fe, the 
Lips of the Pndmdum rn Women, or the <uppet 
Part of the Ear; alfo the Arm-pits, and the Pro* 
cefs of the Os SfbtmUei, or Wedge-like Bbae. 

31a? tfJCded*, the Wings or Side-Ifles of aCiwrciu 

J&abaiftitaKflfa, a kuid4>f Damask Rofe with 
whitifh Leaves, fo call'd from AlabmuU, a City -«f 
Carta in the Le&r jffi* : Some wiH haV« if to be 
the Proviface-Rofe, which is mot* efteemed for i« 
beinff double, than for its fweet Smell or Ufe* 

mabnUtty a kind of foft and ?ery white Marhle, 
which takes Name from Alabaftrwn, a Town of 
Egypt, where there was good Store of it; being 
much n$& for the making of Statues, Figures, *nd 
other carved Works, 

0tehafBer#ear^ a fort of Fear othenwife eaU'd 
Bell-Pear or Gourd-pear. 

aiabafllitea, the Alabafter-ftone. 

jaiabaflTHIll or aiabaffril*, an Alabafter Box of 
Omtment : Among Herbalifts, che Bod or green 
Leaves of Plants, which enclofe the Bottom of the 
Flowers, before they are ffcread. 

jaiator*, a kind of Fiih peculiar to the River 

jaiacrft& (Lat.) ChearfuJnefs, Brrsknefs, Ccm^ 

^a^lltf^ the loweft Ndtefcut one in eichof 
the three Septenaries of the Gamut or Scale of Mo-* 
fick. ^ 

llattWW, (&%j&. after the Fafhion) a fiirt of 
Silk or Taffety,|Hmionly us'd for Womens Hoods^ 
Scarves, (3c. 

%\SXi, a proper Name of Men, fignifying in Scia* 
vonifh, a Grey-hound. 

fltalterariulL (in old Latin Records) a Keeper 
or Manager of Spaniels or Settinjj-Dogs for th« 
Sp«rt of Hawking. 

#lare* or aiareg €opiar^ (among the i\em*u) 
the Troops that were in the AU, or Wings of their 

9fam$0tttoftU fee Atifontos Mufiuli. 

&larm or aiarirf% a Signal given by loudCrie*/ 
or the, Sound of warlike Inftromenw, to caufe 
People to take Arms upon the fudden Arrival ^f the 
Enemy. It is figuratively taken for all manner of 
fudden Fear, Fright, or Trouble ; alfo a Chime 
fet in a Clock or Watch. 

To alarm, to give an Alamq> to fright, or put 
in a Fright 

aiateniU0, (L*t.) a kind of Shrub, one of the 
moft beautiful and ufefui for Hedges ; yielding a 
lovely green Colour, and a very ftoeet-fcenrted Bk£-' 

JJlautW, the Lark, a Bfrd ; alfo the' Sea-Larie, 
a Fifti. 

fllaufa or #l0fa, a kind of ?ifh ; a Shad. 

£Uap, a Term us'd in Hunting, when frefh 
Dogs are fent into the Cry. 

£Ub8, (hat. in old Records) the Albe or Anbe ; 
the Surplice or white Veftment us'd by a Prieft 
officiating at Divine Service. 


Digitized by 


A L 


SSlte ^itnt&y ( Law-Term ) a yearly Rent pay- 
able to the chief Lord of a Hundred^ and fo 
cali'd becaafe it is not paid according to the Cuftom 
of bid Times in Corn, which was termed Btacl^ 
mail, but in Silver, or as it is flow faid in fome 
Pans of England, in White Money t There are 
fbfrie Tenures of this Nature in Weflmoreland. 

5Jlba J&ttUtta> * Difeafe, the fame with Leuco- 
phle^matias ; which fee. 

Sllba ^pirW 5 the White-thorn or Lady-thiftle. 

JJlbe or Stuht, a Vcftment of white Linnen, 
reaching down to the Feet, and worn by Popifh 
Priefts : Alfo a Surplice, fuch as is in trie among 
the Cle¥gy of the Church of England. 

gUbCtgCj (& ) a fmall forward Peach of a yel- 
low Colour. 

jSHbtft, (Sax.} a proper Name of Men, fignify- 
ing All bright. 

jaiWcetatft IFtCUA (Lat.) a kind of broad Fig 
with a fmall Stalk. 

aibtctlla, the white tail'd Sparrow living in 
Woods and Heaths. 

SUbtttUtn^ the Herb Chaff-weed, or Cud- weed, 

Sllbion* a Name anciently given to the Ifland of 
Great-Britain, by reafon of the white Rocks on 
the Sea-coafts, or as fome fay, from Albion the Son 
of Neptune. 

iJlbJtCtefi) (Span.) a Word much us'd by Spanifh 
Merchants, and fignifying a reward of good News. 

£HbuCUttt, (Lat.) the white Daffodil, a Flower. 

#Ibueli£, a kind of white Grape. ♦ 

jaibugtltea SDeult, (in Anat.) a very thin Tum- 
cle or Coat of the Eye, fo cali'd by reafon of its 
whitenefs \ being the fame as Adnata* Tunica ; which 

&lbttgtfl?ft 2£ftt0, the white Membrane or Skin, 
which immediately covers the Teftes or Tefticles. 

&lbup, a white Speck in the horney Coat of 
the Eye ; a Pearl or Web that grows over the 
Sight, and ufually follows a Wound, Ulcer, or 
Inflammation of that Part t It is alfo fometimes 
taken for the White of the Eye, being that Part 
where the Tunica Adnata or Albugima fticks to the 
Sclerotis : Alfo the White of an Egg. 

SUbvm, white, whitenefs, 

Stlbum Cftnfe, white Dogs-turd, vvhich is much 
ufed in Phyfick. 

jaibltm ^iTpnitum, SpanifiyVf hite, a fort of 

Alburn dDtttll, the White of the Eye • the (ame 
with Albugo : But by Galen and Hippocrates, 'tis ta- 
ken for the Coat of the Eye, which is ufually cali'd 
Adnata and Aibuginea. 

SUbum l&etOji*, (among the Upmans) a whited 
Table, on which the Pr<etors or Judges had their 
Statutes or Decrees written ; a MamcuIar*Regifter 
to inroll Names in, a Mufter-roll. 

3lbum IKbafi** a kind of Ointment, fo cali'd 
from the Inventcr's Name. 

&lbwmn, the White of an Egg, or of the 

Alburn Colour, fee Auburn. 

Sllburnum, the white Sap, or fapf>y Part of 
Trees, on the out-fide, next to the Bark. ; 

JJHbuntum the Bleak or Blay, a fmall white 
frefiVwater Fifh. 
.<aicabe«, fee Alkahift. 

aicafcfe WUtfti (in Greek and Latin Poetry) a 
kind of Verfe confifting of two Daftyls and two 
Trochees, fo cali'd from Alcaus the firft Inventer 
of it, as, Hefperia mala luQuofa, Hor. Others 
trill have it confift ©f Five Feet, vi%. the Firft a 
Spondee or Iambic^ the Second an lambiok* tbfe 
Third 4 long Syllable, the Fourth a Da By I, and 
the Fifth a DaByl or Amphimacer $ as in thefe c/f 

Vides ut alt a flit fdve Candidum • * 
Sorafte, nee jam fuftinemt onus. 

aifalOe> {Span.) the Sheriff or Officer of a 
Town, whole Bufinefs is to weigh Bread and other 
Provisions. . 

jaitalt, fee AlkalL 

jaiCatllUI, Ifing-Glafs ; (wlcUhyccoIla. .. 

01catrace 9 a kind of Fowl much like a Heron; 

3ltt, (Gr.) the Elk, a wild Be*ft fhap'd like a 
Hart* but of a larger Size ; fee Elk: 

£Utea, a kind of wild Mallows, Vervain-Mal- 
low, an Herb good againft the Stinging of Ser- 

#lC£00* (Lat.) the King's- Fi flier, a Bird th^t 
makes Jier Neft in the Sea, about Mid-winter - 3 Ice 

HlCbata, a fmall wild Pigeon, in the Colour of 
its Feathers refembling a Partridge, and common 
about Mmtpeliier in France. 

J3lcl)ittt!lla, Ladies-Mantle, an excellent Wound- 
Herb, of a hor, dry, and binding Quality. 

&lcf)P!tUft, one that ftudies Aichymy, or practi- 
ces Chymical Operations. 

£Ucf)Wnp, the fubiimerPart of Chymiftry ; the 
Arabic\ Particle Al, being only added to make its 
Signification more forceable ; which pretended Arc 
more-efpecially relates, to the Tranfmutaqon or 
Change of the Form of Metals, and to the Phile- 
fopher's Stone. , 

iUCOftjOttftl, (Arab. i. e. the Giver of Life or 
Yean) a Planet that bears Rule in the principal 
Places of an Aftrological Figure, when a Perfon 
is born ; fo that his Life may be expected to be 
longer or fhorter, according to the Station or Con- 
dition of this Planet. 

31ca|)rt or jatCOOl, (in Chymi/lty) the pure Sub-' 
ftance of any thing ieparated from the more Grofs : 
It is more-efpecially taken for a moft fubtil and 
highly refined Powder, and fometimes for a very 
pure Spirit : Thus the higheft redify'd Spirit of 
Wine is cali'd Alcohol Vini. 

ftlribtOII, an Herb good -againft the Stinging of 
Serpents 5 Vipers- Grafs. 

jaiCOJJOlijatteK, the AcT; of Alcoholizing; or Re- 
ducing any folid Subftance into a fine Powder : 
But in Liquids, it is, the depriving Alcohols, or re- 
ctified Spirits of their Phlegm or waterifh Parts. 

To £Uf0t)0ltJ£, (among Chymifts) to reduce in- 
to Alcohol, to iubtilize ; as when, a mixt Body is 
beaten into a Powder fo fine, that it is impalpable, 
as they term it, or can fcarce be felt. 

aiCWaW, the Turks Bible, or the Book of their 
Law, written by the Irtipoftor Mahomet, their 
falfe Prophet. 

3lT0?aitC$, high flender Turrets, which the 
Mahometans generally build for Ufe and Orna- 
men, near their Mofques or Churches. , 

gtttttitei (Sp*n.) a particular Place in a Chanv> 
ber, feparated by an Eftrade or Partition, made 
with Pillars, Rails, and other fuitable Ornaments, 
in which is «fet a Bed of State, often rais'd upon 
two or three Steps ; or fometime* Seats, to enter- 
tain Company. Thefe Alcoves are frequent in 
Noble-men's Houfes in Spain, and other Pans be- 
yond Sea. 

StttPm or jaiCWWlfe, (Gr.) the KingVFiftier, a 
Bird ; See Alcedo and Halcyon. 

&lCP0ltt&, Halcyon-Stones, a kind of Stones 
bred of the Froth of the Sea, with which the 
KingVFifher's make their Nefts. 

jailutbarail, (Arab.) the Name of a Royal fixed 
Star of the firft Magnitude, feated in the Head of 
the Conftellation of the Bull, and therefore ufual- 
ly calPd the Bull's- Eye. 

C 2 &lKr> 

Digitized by 


A L 

3U*r, or SlW'tttt, a tall ftrait Tree, that 
delights m watery and boggy Places. 

ftUKtlliam (&■*•) * Senator or Senior, the lame 
as Earl among the Danes : But they are now call'd 
Aldermen* who are Aflbciates to the chief Civil 
Magiftrates of a City or Town Coroorate^ 

WU a well known Drink, made of ground Malt, 
i^nfus'd in boiling Water, and wrought up with 
Ycaft, tfc. ^_ . , 

m*vm r, or &tetaffer, an Officer appointed 
in every Court-Leer, and fwom to look to the Af- 
file and Goodnefs of Bread, Ale, and Beer, fold 
Within the Jurifdi&ion of the Leet. 

#1* tfOfl* an Herb very beneficial to cold and 
weak Livers, and otherwife call'd Coftmaiy or 

ZkAptf, an Herb with round Leaves and blew 
Flowers, fo call'd becaufe it ferves to clear Ale or 
Beer: It is of admirable Virtue in Difeafes of the 
Lungs, Stoppages of the Kidneys, Cholick Pains, 
&c. and is alfo known by the Names of Ground- 
* Ivj f ' Cats-foot, JiU-cr*ep.bythe-Ground and Hay 

flUe^Ot, fee j&C0t*jai* ♦ 

jaie^filtOT, a particular Rent or Duty yearly 
paid to the Lord Mayor of London, by thofe that 
fell Ale within the City. 

aiertOlta, or #tettO?tU*> (O.) the Cock-fton* or 
Capon-ftone, a Stone found in the Maw ©r Ghiz- 
iard of a Cock, of a Cry ftal- colour, and about 
the bignefs of a Bean. 

<3teet0JOlO]rt)O0> an Herb good again* Coughs, 
having Leaves like the Tuft of Feathers on the 
Crown of a Cock j Cecft-comb, Loufe-kerb, or 

JUdSfc * Word ^ by c *** w for Etfc * 

SUegat, a fort of Vinegar made of Beer. 

glWtttcfc, or JLtoltetR, f Aj*J a StUI, a Chy- 
inical Veffel us'd in Diftiiing, (haped like a Hel- 
met, and towards the Bottom, having a Beak or 
Nofe, about a Foot and a half long, by which the 
,Vapours defcend : They are commonly made of 
Copper tinn'd over on the Infide, and often of 

aiepljaHgiwe, or jai«rt«igtn« £ttui«, (Ljt.) 

certain Purging*Pills made of Aloes and feveral 
forts of Spice. 

SLltt fatlB four* (Fr. Law-Phrafe, i. e. to gb with- 
out Day) to be finally difmifs d the Court ; there 
being no farther Day appointed for Appearance, 

3&t) (among Falconers) the true Faulcon of 
Peru, that never lets her Prey efcape. 

3let$eta, (Gr. i. e. Truth) a proper Name of a 

JtUettnmtftfcp, a kind of Divination or Sooth- 
faying, among the Ancients by Bread, ©r Cake- 

aier, (Lat.) a fort of Pickle, Brine, or Salt Li- 
quor, made of Fifii, and good for feveral Ufes. 

3l£jratt&tt? ( Gr. i. e. an Helper of Men) the Name 
of feveral great Emperours and Kings ; but the moft 
famous in Hiftory was Alexander the Great, Son 
of Philip of Mscedon, who overthrew the Perfiun 

aifJWtWta or m#tt8tim*y an Herb common 
in Gardens, which is good for a cold Stomach, 
and opens Stoppages of the Liver or Spleen. 

^l^nttr'^JFOOt* a Plant whofe Root refem- 
ties a Foot. 

jEUgrfpiffttnicb, endued with a Quality to expel 
Poifon, as Alexipbarmicl^ Medicines, i. e. fuch as 
are us f d as Antidotes againft Poifon or any infecti- 
ous Difeafe ; or elfe to raife or ftrengthen the decay- 
ed or drooping Spirits in malignant Diftempers. 

ait tftmfcum or J3lf>PiPfWtttWt § Remedy 
that drives away Fevers, 


#lerttmcal or aierttmcb ; that preferves from 
or drives out Poifon, and hinders its mifchievous 
Effcds in a Humane Body. 

#ltftttttltm, a Prefervative againft Poifon or 

#fett0, (Sfan.) an Enfign- bearer. 

2tfets a kind of Tryal of Innocency, by a great 
Cauldron of fcalding-hot Water, into which the 
accufed Perfon was to put his Arm up to the £1* 
bow ; fo that if hurt, he was held guilty, if not, 
acquitted j fee Ordeal. 

aifcttlftfi (in old Latin Records) a Cauldron or 

aiftefc, {Sax. i. e. all Peace ) the Name of a 
wife, temperate, pious, and learned King of En- 
gland, who made a Law, That all Free- men pof- 
fefling two Hides, of Land, (hould bring up their 
Sons in Religion and Learning. 

filfrifcarP, a Word often us'd by Arabian Aftro- 
logers, for a temporary Power which the Planets 
have over the Life of a Perlbn. 

Stlga, (Lat.) an Herb or Weed growing on the 
Sea-ftiore \ Reefs or Sea-weed. 

2lgaC0t, a Chymical Preparation made of But- 
ter of Antimony, diluted or wafla'd in a large 
Quantity of warm Water, 'till it turn to a white 
Powder, This Medicine is given in Quartans, 
intermitting Fevers, and all Difeafes, wherein 'tis 
requifite to purge and vomit ftrongly ; and it is 
otherwife call'd Mercurius Vit*. 

SUgfttt* (old Word) if to be, notwithftanding, 

SUff&tttfs ( old Word ) ever, even now, for all 

JSlgtMi or Che #nalpttcal 2rt, is a Science 
of Quantity in general, or a peculiar manner of 
Reasoning, which takes the Quantity fought, whe- 
ther it be a Number or Line, as if it were known 
or granted ; and then by the Help of one or more 
Quantities given, proceeds by undeniable Confe- 
quences, 'till at length the Quantity firft only fup- 
pos'd or feign'd to be known, is found equal to 
fome Quantity or Quantities certainly known, 
and is therefore likewife known. This Science is 
fo call'd from the Arabick. Panicle, Al i. e. excel- 
lent, and Gebcr, the Name of its fuppofed In- 
venter j and it is two-fold, W{. Numeral and Li- 

Numeral or flBulga* #lffrt?a, being the more 
Ancient, ferves only for the Resolution of Arith- 
metical Queftions j and it is fo termed, becaufe m 
this Method, the Quantity fought or unknown, 
is reprefented by fome Alphabetical Letter, or other 
Chara&er taken at Pleasure ; but all the given 
Quantities are exprefs'd bv Numbers. 

JLtteral or ppenoas algebra, or The n** au 

gebra, is that Method^ by which as well the given 
•r known Quantities, as the unknown, are all fe- 
verally exprefs'd or reprefented by Alphabetical 
Letters ; and it is generally uleful, for the folving 
of all Mathematical Problems, both Arithmetical 
and Geometrical. 

£tgema, (Gr.) Pain, Sicknefs. 

&lgetttb, (Arab.) a fixed Star of the fecond 
Magnitude, or Size, in the right Side of Perfeus, 
whofe Longitude is 57 Degr. 17 Min. Latitude 90 
Z). f M. Right Afcenfion 44 D. 1 5 M. 

aiffOlf or %Duttfi T&m, a fixed Star of the 
third Magnitude in the lame Conftellatioh of Per fe- 
us, having for its Longitude 51 D.ifM. Latitude 
21 D. 21 M. and Declination 39 O. 39 hi. 

aigcntfm, the pradical Operation in the feveral 
Parts of Specious Arithmetic^ or Algebra ; fome- 
times it is uken for the Pra&ice of Common 
Arithmetic^ by the ten Numeral Figures. 

Digitized by 



A h 

£Ugtttttlptt> the Arc of computing or reckoning 
by Numbers, which contains the Five principal 
Rules of Aritbmetick, vi%. Numeration, Addition, 
Subftraftion, Multiplication and Divifion; to which 
may be added Extra&ion of fyou : It is alfo call'd 
Logiftica Numeralis. 

jEUfftmjtU a Sergeant or Officer that arrefts Peo- 
ple in Spain, and executes the Magiftrates Or- 

aigUttt or 3lmtlg, (Heb.) a fore of fine Wood 
growing on Mount Lebanon. 

JStftfba&d, (Arab.) the Index or Ruler that moves 
on thi Center of an Attrolabe Quadrant, or ether 
Mathematical Inftrument, and carries the Sight : It 
is fo call'd by the Arabian Writers of Mathema- 
ticks, from whom we have taken feveral other 
Arabic!^ Terms $ Almacanter, Azimuth, %enitb, 
Kadir, &c. 

alita, ( Lat. ) a kind of Italian Wheat : Alfo 
Meat, Potage or Drink made of that Corn ; Fru- 
menty, Flummery, Barley-broth, &<;. Alfo a nou« 
riihing Phyfical Potion. 

0!tCattC^tB2Kitir> a fort of Wine made of Mul- 
berries growing about Alicant, one of the Chief 
Towns of the Province of Valentia in Spain. 

j31tf?3 (Germ?) a proper,Nkme of Women, from 
Adeli^a, i. e. Noble. 

jSlfrn, (£*'•) a Foreigner or Stranger, one born 
io a >Foreign Country, who according to our 
Common-Law, is not capable to inherit Lands in 
England, 'till he be naturalized by A& of Parlia- 

To #Um, (Law- word) to transfer or convey the 
Property of any thing to another. To Alien in Fee, 
is to fell the Fee Simple of any Land, or Tene- 
ment, or of any incorporeal Right, To Alien in 
Mortmain, is to make over an Eftate to a Religi- 
ous Houfc, or other Body Politick. 

alien 9#gfe4 thofe Cells of Mmk* fometime 
eftablifhed in England, which belong'd to Foreign 
Monafteries, and were difTolv'd by Authority of 
Parliament, under King Henry IV. but fome were 
made Indigent or Endenized. 

To SUtniftt?, to fell, give, or make over the Pro- 
perty of any thing to another $ alfo to eftrange or 
draw away the Affedions. 

QUtmtion, the A£ of alienating, felling, ma- 
king over, &c. 

aiifOJItWB j|ufCUit, (Lat An Anat.) certain Muf- 
ties that arife from the Ofla Pterygoidea, or Wing- 
like Bones, as alfo from the Procefs of the Os Cune- 
iforme, and end in the Neck of the lower Jaw. 
Thefe Mufcles are otherwife call'd Alares, and 
Ptcrypoides in Greek. 

Sllifmmfi f&llttffii*, are the Prominences or 
Knobs of the Os Cuneiforme, or Wedge-like Bone, 
from the Fore- pan, and the fame with the Ptery- 

9ltJtftt!t, Food or Nouri foment : In a Phyfical 
Senfe, whatever may be diflblved by the Ferment 
or natural Heat of the Stomach, and Chang'd into 
the Juice call* d Chyle, to repair the continual waft- 
ing of the Parts of the Body : Alfo that which 
ferves to nourifti and fupply the Decays of a vege- 
table Body, as a Plant, Tree, &c. 

diintOltattB ?DuctUS; See DuSus Aiimenta- 

SU&WUMtp, belonging to Nourishment. 

StolOtTp, formerly fignify'd Maintenance, Su- 
ftenance or Food : But it is now only taken in a 
Law-Senfe, for that Portion or Allowance, which a 
inarry'd Woman may fuefor, upon any occasional 
Separation from her Husband, wherein (he is not 
tharg'd with Elopement or Adultery. 

3ItttiV0& CGr.) a kind of Exercife among the 
Anciently when they anointed their Bodies with 

Oil, and afterwards roll'd themfelves in the 

SLUpxtut^ Plaifters that have no Fat in therrn . 

ahpafma, a fort of fine Powder mixt with Oil, 
in order to be foak'd into the Bcdy, to hindef 

SW^tertum, a Place in the Bath, where People 
were aaointed after they had waiYd. 

jftltptfg, among the Ancients) ah Officer that 
anointed the Wreftlers, before they went to Exer- 
cife, and took Care to keep them in Strength and 
good Complexion : It is alfo taken by Cornelius 
Celfus for a Surgeon!, 

Aliquant $art, (Lat. in Aritbm.) fuch a Part of * 
great Number, as is contain'd certain time* 
therein, with fome Remainder over and above : 
Thus 2 is contain'd thrice in 7, and | is left as a 

3ItqU0t Part> a Part which being taken aliQuo- 
ties, or cerrain times prccifely conftituces the great- 
er Number: So 3 is an aliquot Part of 12 ; for 3 
taken Four times exa&ly makes 12, without any 
Excefs or Defedt. 

jaUran&Cr*, an Herb otherwife call'd Lavage. 

jaifealjrtt, (among Chymifts) an Univerfal Men- 
ftruum or Diffolvent capable (as they fay) of dilfo!- 
ving or reducing all manner of mixt Bodies, into 
a Liquor of its own Subftance, preferving the 
Power of its Seeds, with irs natural Effential Form 
enrire ; and by this Menftruum they alio pretend 
to extra& the Sulphur of Metals* 

fllhafeengi or WlintCr^fjmV, the Fruit of one 
of the Sorts of the Plant call'd Night- (hade. 

91bali, (in Cbymiftry) a fixed Sal* drawn out of 
the Allies of calcin'd Herbs or Minerals by means 
of a boiled Lixyvium or Lie : Its Name is taken 
from the Herb JQtli, otherwife caU'd Salt-mrt and 
Glsfuwort, being a kincj of Sea- blue, which is one 
of the chief Ingrecjients us'd in tfre making of 
Glafs t and affords a great Quantity pf this fort of 
Salt. Alfo any earthly Matter tfat ferments and 
works with Acid*, is termed an 4ik*H. 

flt&allfdte $$0&t$f? are thofe ^bich have their 
Pores naturally fo formed in fuch a Proportiqn, as 
that they are fit to be piere'd and pun into a vio- 
lent Motion, by the Points of ffrc Api4 poqr'd upon 

JHlbaltjatt 0ptrtC«f OaaillC, a pure and rich SpS 
rit that will burn ail-away , and even fire Gun-pow- 
der, fo call'd by Mr. Boyle, and made by diftillirjg 
Spirit of Wine, from Salt of Tartar, or Tartar, 
calcin'd to Whitenefs. 

alhaltjattett, a turning into an Alkali, as when 
fome Alkali is infus'd in Spirit of Wisp, to height- 
en its diflolving Quality. 

9lttanct> an Herb otherwife call'd Spanijb-Bu- 
glojs, the Root of which is us'd to Colour Things 
with; and being made into an Ointqiepj, it helps 
old Ulcers, hot Inflammations, Burns, Scalds, andf 
St. Anthony's Fire. 

9Uttrttie% a Confe&ion fold in Apothecaries 
Shops 5 fo named frorn the Arabic^ Particle A( 9 and 
the chief Ingredient of it call'd Kernes ot Cbermes, 
whic h re ertain red or fcarlet Grains. 
•BtiriMMt* (ojd Wdrd) a rnade Requeft. 
SH^gWDj a fort pf Herb commonly call'd Merl 
cury, and by fome Qqod Henry. 

211 teal, a vulnerary Herb, otherwife call'd 
prim's Woundwort. 

SSMttiL an Herb fo named fropi its fulnefs of 

jailantOto or aHatttptt^«y (Gr. in 4uu.) one of 
the Coats that, belong to a Child in the Womb ; 
which being plac'd between the Amnion and the 
Chorion, receives the Urine that cornes out of the 
Bladder, by the Navel and yrtchus. It is alfo 
' call'd 

Digitized by 







c&'&PArtirtiHtttittow*, becaufe in many Brutes 
'tis of the Shape of t Gut-pudding ; but in Man 
and tome few ether Creatures it is round. 

flflar, the Alder-t«e, a bufhy Tree, whofe in- 
ward Bark is very yellow, and purges Choler, 
Phlegm, and watery Humours. 

T6 £fla& to aflwage or eafe, to leflen tfne's 
Pain or Grief; alfo to temper or mix Metals with 
abaferfort. See $00* 

To jSUSttF « JP^tfaW, is t6 cut or carve it up 
at Table. 

fllif ttt, (£**• among the Romans) they that were 
taken out of the Rank of Gentry, to fill up the 
Senators Places. 

d&tttftf , that is of an alluring; chafrriing, en 
ticing, or engaging Quality. 

To SIBeDflt, to produce a thing for Proof, to 
Quote, to Inftance in. 

jJUegation, an AHedging or Proving j the Quo- 
tation of an Authority, Book, &c. to make good 
any Point or Affertion. 

SttCgtsnCg) the natural and fworn Obedience 
that is due from Subjects to their Sovereign Prince. 
The Word at firft properly fignify'd the Legal Sub- 
jection of every Vaffal to his Lord. 

3tlf gtatC, ( old- Latin Law-word ) to excufe, 
defend, or juftifie by courfe of Law. Leges Alvredi, 
cap, 4. ■ u Allegiat fe facinoris, i. e. let him 

clear or purge himfelf of the Crime laid to his 

dlltgOtfcal, belonging to, or partaking of the 
Nature of an Allegory. 

To 3fieg0&£> to ufe Allegories, or to explain 
according to the Allegorical Senfe. 

#llCg02tS (Gr. s. e. faying one thing and mea- 
ning another) a Rhetorical Term, being a continu- 
ed Metaphor, wherein there is fomethlng couch'd 
in the Wwds, that is different from the literal 
Senfe, and the Figure is carried on through the 
whole Difcgurfe. 

$U)tlitj§l or rather Hattclujabi an Hebrew Word, 
fignifying Braifeye our Lord. Alfa the Namfe of an 
Herb atherwife calTd Wood-Sorrel, or French Sor- 
rel, which is of Angular Ufe in Fevers and Agues, 
defending the Heart from all Infedion. 

aiematlBe or ^Umain, a kind of grave folemn 
Mufick, where the Meafure is full and the Move- 
ment (low. 

aarttare, (Lat.) to make light of, to flight or 
difparage. In fome old Records, to levy or pay 
an accuftomed Fine or Compofition. 

To £UeWate> to lighten, or foften, to allay, af- 
fWage, or eafe 5 to leflen one's Pain or Grief. 

J&OtftiattotT, Alleviating, or Allaying 5 Eafe, 
Comfort, Refrefliment. 

&fl*& ( Fr -) a narrow Lane, a Walk in a Gar- 

aUtatfa, (JLat.) an Herb rafting like Garlick, 
and call'd Jack °f *be Hedge, or Sauce alone $ Ram- 

0OtaiKe, (I*.) *n Uniting or Joining of Fami- 
lies together by Marriage, or of Common- Wealths 
by Leagues 5 Kindred by Marriage , Match , 

SQteO) matched, united, or joined by a League. 

&Bfe£, Princes or States that have enter'd into 
an Alliance or League for their mutual Defence 
and Prefervation. 

3UigattOJt, {Lat.) a Tying or Binding to : In 
Arithmetic^, a Rule by which fuch Queftions are 
refolv'd, as relate to the mixing of divers Mer- 
chandizes, Metals, Simples, Druggs, tfc. of un- 
equal Price, one with another, fo as to find how 
much of each muft be taken, according to the Te- 
nour of the particular Queftion. This Rule is fo 
caJTd from the Numbers being bound or joy n'd to* 

~ ^^ r — , r ,,''*, — 't — 
gether by circular Lines, and is of Wo torts", viz. 
Medial and Alternate. 

5lfltgatt0n <$fefital, is, when having the feveral 
Quantities and Rates of divers Simples propofed, 
we difcover the mean Rate of a Mixture compoun- 
ded of thefe Simples. 

Alligation Alternate, is, when having thefevGr 
ral Rates of divers Simples given, we find out 
fuch Quantities of them, as are necefTary to make 
a Mixture, which may bear a certain Rate propo- 

aUlgatO:, (JLat. in Husbandry) a Binder or Tyer 
of the Vines to their Stakes. Alfo a kind ofPVcft- 
Indian Crocodile, that keeps both in the Water and 
on Land : Thefe monftrous Creatures grow as long 
as they live, being fometimes 18 Foot long, and as 
big as a Hogfhead ; they fmell like Mask, fo ftrong- 
ly, that the Air is fcented for 100 Paces about 
them, and the Water in which they lie. 

Alliteration, (in Rhetorickja Repeating and 
Playing on the fame Letter. 

#Bt0tl}, the Name of a Star in the Tail of the 
Great Bearj the Obfervation of which is much 
us'd at Sea, in order to find out the Height of the 
Pole, or the Latitude, £2c 

aflfotfnim, lGr.)\ Medicine, which by its 
cleanfing Quality, alters and purifies the Blood. 

Allium, (Lat.) Garlick, a known Plant. 

allocation, properly a Placing or Adding tp. In 
a Law-fenfe, an Allowance made upon an Account 
in the Exchequer. Allocations are alfo the Allow- 
ances of Officers under a Prince or Nobleman. 

#Itocattone factenoa, a writ dire&ed to the 

Lord Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, upon 
Complaint of an Accountant 9 requiring them to 
allow him fuch Sums as he has lawfully and reafo- 
nably disbursed by Virtue of his Office. 

aB0tfalor#UoMan, that is Free, or for which 
no Rents or Services are due ; as ABodian Lands. 
i. e. Free Lands. 

aUoKuitl, (in the Civil-Law) Free-hold, every 
Man's owir Land Or Eftate that he poffefles, meer. 
ly in his own Right ; without yielding any Servi. 
Ces to another, which is a Property in the high* 
eft Degree, and is ufually oppos'd to Feodum, or 

JWaeOtfctta, (Gr. ) Things differently plac'd : 
Alfo a Grammatical Figure that varies from the 
common Rttles of Syntax ; as Pars infrujlafccant : 
Dulce fatis humor. 

&llOpi)tflt0, one of another Tribe, Nation/ or 
Kindred ; an Alien or Stranger. 

To#B0t, to Affign or Appoint, to fct out, deli- 
ver, or (hare by Lot. 

0IlOttit!g Of (000110, a Term in Merchandize, 
when a Ship's Cargo is divided inro feveral Parcels, 
to be bought by divers Perfons, whofe Names being' 
wrote pn as many Pieces of Paper, arc apply *d by 
an indifferent Pcrfon to the refpe&ive Lots or 
Parcels; fo that every Man has the Parcel' of 
Goods that anfwers to the Lot with his Name on 

aftottWttt, Allotting, Aflignadon, Appoint 
ment. rir 

To 0flotft, to give or grant ; to approve of ; td 
permit or fuffer. 

&H0toafalg^ that may be allowed or approved. 

SLWtimct, Portion, Salary, Maintenance: alfr 
an Allowing or Permitting, Winking at, 

&H0P or £Ba? 9 the Proportion of a bafer Metal 
tempered or mingled with a finer or purer ; as the 
Quantity of Copper or Silver that is mix'd with 
Gold, fo make it of a due Hardnefs to be comd 
into Money, is callM its Alloy • and Moral that has 
more of this than it ought to have, is faid To be of 
a courfir or greater Alloy. J 

* To 

Digitized by 


A L 

To 0U*fte, (La*.) to fpeak a thing which has 
fomc refen>bJance, refrpedk, or regard to another 
Ma«m Tie Word properly fignifies, to play or 
make fport with, to quibble or pun. 

#llwn, a kind of Mineral, the beft fort of which 
k cali'd Rod*, or RocktAllum. 

flikimwj, a Word usd ia the 5t«ui» **w». i 
IfcV. 111. for one that Plaints upon Paper or Parch- 
ment, or that colours Maps, primed ftidhtres, fife, 
a Liaaner : See To JfUumtllSte* 

To jStUtW, to draw to >the Lare «r Bait $ to De- 
coy or Eotice. 

jSUllCOtl, an alluding or fpeaking a thmfe in tt- 
ferenfre *o another. Titts an Alkfon it UUde to 
an Hiftory, Cuftom, Wife-faying, #c often we 
5f»(c;orVrn>e««y thing that has ireJatitoH J«rir. 

flKniarantO?^ < Arab, io A/hon.) art Chfclesof 
Atawde pcralki to the ifyriym, wfcdfe cotnmon 
Pole is the %mitb or Vertical Point; Some 
teite it Mmic*nier*bs< 9 and* others titmucnnte- 

AiiUUiML&C&taft, a Mathematical Instrument 
«faally irtade of Box or Pear-tree, with, an Arc* of 
Fifteen Degrees, so take Observations of che.Sun, 
at the trtKK* of its Rifirig and Setting ; In *rder to 
find A* Amplitude, and confequentiy the- Variati- 
on of the Compafs* 

jQUflWBr, a kind of Boat us'd in the 7WA&, and 
aaade altogether of one piece of Timben 

glgfigef , the Tide of an excellent Treatife of 
the Sphere., written by Ptslemy, and of another 
AJb-omwicai Work by Bmncis tyccitiu 

SUtttailt, a German or Native of Germany. In 
Afyftr^ * fcind of Air that moves in Common 

jEUtnattMlftetg, a fort of light ArmoOF, having 
Sleeves of Mail or Iron-Plates riveted with Braces, 
6m- the Ddfencc of the Arms, * 

fllmarmffe., (Arab!) Diftriburkm or Numbering : 
Whence our Yearly Accounts, wherein the Days of 
ihe Month, Edipfes, Fefttvals, &e. are fct down 
in d» ooder, a e commonly calid Almanacks ; 
tlUhougW others derive the Word from the High- 
Dutcb Al-maen-acbte, i. e. an Obfemftkm of all the 
Mdnahs. ijui J 

0ImanDtlt^ a courfe fort "of Ruby, fofter and 
lighter tibatube Oriansal* 

. j9tet8tt?0? 9 (Armb* Defender,) the Name of feve- 
*al Princes and great Men among the M*m*. 

aittwriola : See aimorrartum. 

&lmtf&0$ or J&tifireS&Ol, (Si*. V. #, Alms- 
Money.) fe was taken *>r iVw-Pe*ce, pakHiefeto- 
fbfe ia England to the Pdpe Aagnflus I. and firft gi- 
ven hy Ina King 4f the Weft-&fx***; being alfo 
kookwh by the Names of Upmefcok, fymeffoi and 

SStmmt : See Jtmfeafmoiiie, 
aimonarium,aiImo?ifnjm, or0Umriola,(L**.) 

ia old Records) a Cupboard or Safe to &t up lold 
and 'broken Vi&uals, to be thence diftribined fof 
Aims to the Poor. This fort of Cupboard, in the 
Northern parts, is ftill cali'd the Aumbry, Ambry 
and Amtmiry* 

flfcliOlft) a fort of Fruit, dotfmey on the outfide, 
the Kernel #f which contained in a thick fmooth 
Stone is fweet in feme, and in others fomewhat 

aUjtOlUftf t|e &%m* are a Gknduteus Svb- 
ftance, reprefenting* tWo Kernels placed on each 
fide of the Vvula, attle*oot of the Tongue :They 
receive the S*ti*a or Spittle from the Brain, and 
difperfe it to the Jaws, Tongue, Throat and Gul- 
let, in order to moiften thofe parts and make them 
fttppery. WhenAeft arefwell'd and inflam f d by 
*Cold, &c. they very much ftraighten the Paffage 

A L 

of the Throat, and render fwallowing painful and 
difficult i fo that they help to make what is com- 
mooJy cali'd a Sore Throat, and as the Country Peo- 
pe exprefs it, The falling down of the Almonds of 
the Ears, J 

aimon^iF«rnafe or ^toef p, a kind of Fumac* 

us d by Refiners, for feparating all forts of Metals 
from Gnders, parts of Melting-pots, Tefts, Brick 
and other hard Bodies : This Furnace is more-ef- 
pectaHy os'd at the Silver-Mines in Cardrg*n-(hire 
in which the Slags, or Refufe of the Litharce arc 
melted with Charcoal. 

aimortfcErce, one of the firft Trees that Bloom; 
bearing a moft delkious Nut, and beautiful Flow- 
ers, of a Purpfe Red Colour, which make a fine 
Shew in aGarden : This Tree grows chiefly in 
the Eaftern Countries, efpecially in the Holy Land, 
near the River Jordan, whence the beft of this 
Fruit are cali'd Jordan- Almonds. 

ftttttOtfft or &I*mer, a Churcfa^Officer belong, 
ing to a King or Prince, wbofe Bufinefs is to take 
Care of the Distribution of Alms, to vifit fick and 
neceflltous People, to receive and deliver all caft 
Horfes, Robes, Money, &c. given in Alms: He 
has alfo all Forfeitures by Mifad venture, and the 
Goods of Self-murderers, and is to diipofe of them 
in Alms to the Poor. 

JtUmwtTP or 3wm?, the Almoners Office or 
Lodgings ; alfo the Place where Alms are given. 

JtltlttB, whatever is freely given to the Poor for 
God's Sake: 

aim^OUffj a Houfe built by a Man or Wo- 
man 5n a private Capacity, and endowd with a 
fuificient Revenue for the Maintenance of a cer* . 
tain Number of poor, aged, or difabled Per- 

atmvtfrtxtt : Set jaJcpjw. 
aimwc ontcrft^B : See jataracatttar& 

SUmuta^ (Arab, in AtftreL) the Lord of a Fi- 
gure, or itrongeft Phnet in a Nativity. 
£M HGgf, Meaforing with an £11, Ell-meafure. 
&lm§ tt y &Ulm§my or ainr^ar, (i.e.z Mea- 
rarer by the £11) a pcrbHck fworn Officer, wbofe 
Bafitiefs Was to l6ok to rhe Affile of Woollen Cloth 
made throughout the Realm, and to the Seals ap- 
pointed for that purpofe. There are Three diftindt 
Officers, known' by the Names of Searcher ; Mea- 
(w*r and Alnager $ who were all heretofore com- 
rrifed in one Perfon ; but the Alnager is now only* 
Cdkdor of the Sabfidy or Tax, granted to the 
King or Queen by feveral Ads of Parliament. 
jaiUCp; &ethe<£fr!t* 
gRm*, (L**<) the AWer-tree. 
jUQfff, (Gr.) Ae Jaice or Gum of a Tree, that 
bears the fame Name, and grows in feveral Coun- 
. tries, efpecially in Egyf* : The beft is cali'd Hepa- 
tick f ^*onv its Livef-colour , and Sucectrine, from 
Sotcotra or ^ocotvrm, an Ifland on the Coafts of 
fytigudar in £Mdf§a f that produces good ftore of 

jSRoefi CataUftlff, «he groffer foft of Aloes, fo 
cali'd, becaufe Furriers afe it moft for their Hor- 

0l0tttcb , betehging to Aloes ; as jtioetic£ 

• jlhKtiCtMf, Medicines that confifts chiefly of 

aloft, a Sek*Wofd fignirying on High, 'or in the 

5W5flw> (Gr'.) Unreafonabknefs, particularly in 
earing ; a brutHh cramming of the Gut ; Alfo a 
Prince's Releafe of a Officer from giving up his 

jjtogtfropljfer, (among fpme Writers in PhyfickJ 
a difproportionate Nourilhment, when one part of 


Digitized by 


A L 

the Body is nourifiVd more or lefs than another, as 
in rhe Rickets. -• . 

. aioia, a kind of Beaft like a Mule, having no 
Joints in the Knpes, and therefore cannot lie down 
or rife up, but leans againft a Tree to reft : See 

fllO0fi> orfecep POUt 3LC0f, (».<?. keep the Ship 
toeatt the Wind; an Expreilion us'd in fpeaking to 
the Steersman. ^ 

aiOpCfia-) * Difeafe call'd the Scurf or Fox Evil, 
therein the Hairs fall off from the Head by the 
Roots ; a (bedding of the Hair, orcafion'd by Ve- 
nereal Diftempers, or otherwife. 

Alopecia*, a kindof.Fifh fo call'd, as it were 
the Sea-Fox • becaufe, after having fwahWd the 
Hoek, (he craftily bites off the Line. 

aicptOS utW, a fort of forry Grape. 

aiopeCliroiBCB «.:amen, Fox-tail Grafs; an 

&loptCUril8 ? an Herb liM. a Foxs-tail, -fliaggy 
and moffy ; tailed Whear, Fox tail. 

3lmV, the Fox, a Beaft of Chace. 

aiflft, (£*'•) the Shad, a Sea-filh. 

0|p, a Countrv-word for the Bulfinch, a 

JUpfta, the Firft Letter of the Greek. Alphabet^ as 
Omega is the laft : Whence that Expreifion in St. 
fybns Revelation, lam Alpha and Omega, faith 
the Lord, the beginning and the endings the firft and 
the lafl, to fliew the eternal Exiftence of the Son 
of God, the fecond Perfon in the .ever blefTed Tri, 

alphabet* the whole Order of Letters in any 
Language ; the Word being derived from Alpha 
and Beta, the Names of the Two Firft Letters of 
the Greek Tongue. 

Alphabetical or aip&atettCft, belonging, or a- 
greeable to the Order of the Alphabet. 

£Upl£td, a Star of the fecond Magnitude, the 
fame as Lucida Corona ; which kc. 

gt tp fon fi rt g 2TablC5, certain Aftronomical Calcu- 
lations, made by Alphonfus King of Arragon. 

0lpt)OnfU0, a proper Name of Men, very com- 
mon among the Spaniards and Portttguefes, from 
the Gothic^ Word Helpbuns, i. e. our Help. 

fllp^Om (Gr.) a kind of Morphew or White 
Specks on the Skin ; which differs from Leuce in 
this refpeft, that it does not pierce fo deep as the 

£UptltC, belonging to the Mountains of Italy, 
call'd the Alps. 

aipilte^OUfe, a Creature about thofe Moun- 
tains, of the bignefs of a Rabbet, having a Head 
like a Hare, and Ears fo fhort, that they fcarce ap- 
pear above it. 

airumtCh, (Arab.) the Name of a Star, the 
Tame as arcturu*. 

alftrK, (Gr.) the Herb Chick-weed, which be- 
ing of a cooling and moifteniqg Quality, is good 
for Inflammations and Heat. 

3ltaMt i?araeelff, ( among Chjmiftt) a mixt 
Body reduced to its firft Principles. 

Altarage, (Law-word) the Free-Oflerings made 
upon the Altar by the People ; asalfo, all the Pro- 
fits that arife to the Pr\eft, upon account of the 
Altar, vi%. fmall Tithes of Wool, Lamb, Colt, 

jaiea Xemira : See »iffa Cenura. 

To alter, to Change, to Turn, to Vary. 

aiteraitrta* (slat.) Medicines that lerveto Alter, 
Purify and Reftore the due mixture of the Blood, 
and other circulating Humours. 

alteration, Change. In a Phyfical Senfe, it is 
that Motion by which, a Natural Body is varied 
and changed in fome Circumftances, from what 

A L 

it really was before ; tho* as to Senfe* its Nature 
and Bulk appear to continue ft ill the fame. 

altercation. Contentious Difpute, Brawling of 

jaiterctim, (Las.) the Herb Hen bane. 

altering Kemetne* : See aiterantia* 

altera ISafe, a Term in Trigonometry, or the 
Do&rine of Triangles : Thus in Oblique Trian- 
gles, the True Bafe, is either the Sum of the Sides, 
and then the Difference of the Sides is the Alter* 
Bdfe ; or elfe the True Bafe is the Difference of the 
Sides, and then the Sum of the Sides is c4U'd the 
Alterh Bafe. 

alternate or alternative, that is done by Turn; 

or Courfe one after another. 

alternate antoatton: See alligation alternate; 
alternate angles : See Angles. 

alternation, a Changing by turns : Some Mathe- 
maticians take it for the different Changes or Alte- 
rations of, Order in any Number of Things propo- 
fed ; as the feveral Changes rung on Bells, <$c. 

aitljxa, (Gn) wild Mallows, or Marlh-Mal- 
lows, An Herb good tofoften and diffolve, to eafe 
Pain, and to corred (harp Humours; 

aititnetrP, that part of Geometry, which teach- 
es the Method of taking and meafuring of Heights 
whether Acceflible or Inacceflible. 

aititOW, (Las. in Afirohomy) is the Height of 
the Sun, Moon, Scars or any Planet or Point of the 
Heavens, comprehended between the Horizon and 
any parallel Circle of Altitude, or between the 
Star, or afligned Point in. the Heavens and the. 

The Suns Meridian altitude, is an Arch of the 
Meridian, contained between the Sun and the Hori- 
zon, at that time when the Sun is in the Meri- 

aititllDC Of* a iFtgure, fin Gem.) is the perpen- 
dicular DiftAnce between the Vertex or top of a Fi- 
gure and its Bafe. ., ; 

altitude Of #Otion, a Term us'd by Dx.WaUU 
in his Mscbanicks, for the Mcafure of any Motion, 
counted according to the Line of Dire&iori of the 
moving Force. 

altitude of t|e goie: See cflefcation rftte 
aito and Raffo or in aito and Baffo fold Uwi 

PhrafeJ the abfolute Submiffion of all Deferences, 
fmall or great, high and low, to a Judge or Arbitral 

aiUCOj (Las.) the Leech-Qwl . a Bird. 

aiudelg, ( among Chymifts j are Pots without 
• Bottoms, let on the Top of another, and fitted to* a 
Pot with a Hple in the middle, fix <I under them in 
the Furnace, which holds the Matter to be faki- 
med i and at the top of all the Pots, there is a. 
Head to receive the Flowers that fubUme or rife up 

aitoearium, (Lot.) a Hive of Bees, or a place 
where Beehives ftand : In Anatomy, the inward 
Cavity or Hollow of rhe Ear, near the PafTage that 
conveys the Sound. 

aliKOlUS, any wooden Veffel made hollow ; a. 
Tray. Among Anatomifts, Aluoii dentium are the 
Holes of the Jaws in which the Teeth are fet. 

aittduca, loofening Medicines* 

aito IFtoWS* aloofenefs of the Belly. 

atom, the Herb Comfrey ot Caihfrey* 

Zlmwtl, Allum, a kind of Mineral Salt. 

aiumen ^atCjarinum, a mixture of Roch- Al- 
lum, Rofe-water and the White of an Egg, fo call'd 
from the refcmblance it has to Sugar. 

aluminous, belonging to Allum. 

aWon, (Gr.) an Herb which cures Madnefs, and 
prevents it in thofe that are bit by a mad Do*, q^ 


Digitized by 



A M- 

SllVt&TClf&i (among the ancient Greekj) the chief | 

the Prieft of Amtiocb in S/ri4^ who at fuch times 
was to fee good Order kept. 

j&m&ttttfl, (Jtal.) a fort of Pear. 

&smitL> a Word us'd at Sea, when a Man of 
War giyes Defiance to another, and bids her yieid. 
• To Wave amain with a naked Sword> is as much as 
co Command another Ship to lower her Top- fails ; 
and to bid ber firing amain, is to require her to let 
tall her Top-fails. 

£m8l£k,.( Hob. a Licking or Smiting People ; 
the Son of Elipba^, by his Concubine Timna, from 
whom the Amalekites defcended. 

To Amalgamate, (in ChymiftryJ to mix Mer- 
cury or v^uicjL-tiivci with Gold, or fome other no- 
ble Metal melted ; fo as ro reduce it into a kind of 
Paite, ^t to be laid pn fome Works, *& in Gilding, 
(3c* nr elfc ip change it into a very fine Powder; 
Alfoto moiften auy thing, efpecially for a Medici- 
nal Ufe. into a foft Pap. 

Amalgamation, the Adt of Amalgamating. 

£lmalgamt 3 any Metal that is fo amalgamated 
or reduced to a foft Pafte; which Operation can- 
nor oe perfbf me^i on Iron or Copper. 

qifl flfj pfttifig^ a Word us v d by Chaucer foe an 
J^maJgaoie or Mixture of Quick filver with other 

J3ma«fi:&> a Word us'd by fome Chymifts, for 
Gems or precious Stones. 

0maHUf Hu% one that Writes what is indited by 
another ; a Secretary, or Clerk. 

flma^l» t orj9WMlW^ 

&maXMItm or &fXWrm\)M> Everlafting, a 
Flower chat continues long without any fenfible 
Decay. Amarantbus furjweus, a Flower gentle, 
with a purple Flower. Amarapthus luttus, Maud- 
lin- wore or fialtazar, an Herb that bears a yellow 

#ttWtf Ba, the Herb Fererfew or Milk-wo*. 

ama&|, ( Heb. fparine the People ) the Son of 
Abigail, treacherously kill d by Joab. 

$L&®Stify, (i. *. the Burden of the Lord; a King 
of J*udab. 

To #$*fc (&>) *o Heap up, to Hoard or Trea- 
fure up. 

To amate, (old World) to Difcourage. 

Mm&tinfy (tat.) belonging to Love matters, or 
Lo*^rs j as Amatory Verfis 9 or Letters. 

3mm^ (Gr.) a Dimnefs or iofs of Sight, ' 
without any outward Fault to be feen in the Eye. 

( 2toapl, a Word ns'd in old Records for Ena- 

To J3maft (f . J. to put into a Maze) to Afto- 
jiifli or $urprife, to Daunt. 

£fnajjqtlft, (Gr.) certain warlike Women of Afia, 
living near the ,River Tberv%odoqn 9 who burnt or 
cutpff their Right Paps, and kiU'4 all their Male 
Children, that they might have no Man among 

jEbtlbattf* (among the ancient €auU) tbofe Sec 
vants and Retainers that belpng'd te their chief] 

amiWffti, a Jlwg Circu^ftance of Words, r* 
jnoje from the true fcopc of the Matter; a tedi- 
ous Story to no purpofe, a Compais or Fetch 

&W**t or &wtetW*h Amber^reecc. 

&W»tf»lt«, (L**.) a Feftival Time among the 
ancient Jtyptps, when they pray'd for their Fields 
and Q>rn f with a folemn Proceilion. 

0j*ftUJaD*ut or embaffittlOW, a Pcrfon fent by 
a Sovereign Prince or Slate to .another, either to 
Compliment or co Treat about fome important 

SLmbt, (Gr.) the Ridge or Edae of a HiJ: In 
$*rierj % a mpcrnwai jmong out of jthe Bones j alio 
an Inftrumenr with which disjointed Bones are fct 

Btltbtt*, a kind of hard Gum, of a lively bright 
Yellow colour, of which Bead* and flracplep are 
made : In Pruffia there is great ftore of it, wbiclj 
grows like Coral on a Rock of the North-Sea, au4 
Being broken off by the force of the Waves, iscaft 
up into their Harbours. 

IBIarfe amber. Scegeat* 
Zmtet*$tfb* Seepqtaoo* 

&mbtt^t&££y a fweetfeented dammy Juice or 
Perfume, which fome take to be a kind of Bitu- 
men that rifes from Springs in the bottom of the 
Sea, and grows hard by floating on the Water. Ic 
is found in many Places on the Sea-fhote, but efpe- 
cially in the Indies. 

JWIlttKttt, (Lat.) a Sheep that has Teph on 
both Sides, bqth the upper and lower j a Theave, a 

J&mUtXft8C f one thax ufes both Hands a-like } 
a Jack on both Sides or Prevaricator. In Common 
Law, a Juror that takes Money of both Parties for 
the giving of his Verdid ; for which Offence he 
forfeits ten times as much as he takes. 

2mbtoeFtttlll*f, belonging to fuch foul Pra&ices, 
Juggling; as Ambidextrous Dealings. 

&!ftbtent, Incircling or EncompaiSng round a- 
bout. In Fbilofbpbj, Natural Bodies that happen 
to be plac'd round any .other Body, axe call a the 
Ambient ; and often the Circumambient Bodies ; aud 
the whole JJody of the Air, beef ufe ic furrounds 
all Things on the Surface of the Earth, is term'd 
the Ambient, by way of Eminence. 

£mbiglt, (in Cooler}) feveral forts of Me^tt and 
Pulfe ferv'd up in the fame Dijh ; a Banquet of 
Meat and Fruit altogether. 

jamWgttttp, Double Meanings Obfcurity in 

£mlriffUOU*, Uncertain or Doubtful 5 wit^i re- 
fpe<ft to Words of doubtful meaning, that m*~ j^e 
taken feveral ways. 

SUnbtt Of II JPtf[ u rC 3 fin GeomJ is the Perime- 
ter, Circumference, or Sum of all the bounding or 
encompafling Lines that enclofe ic. 

flttlUtiflll, an immoderate iieore of Honour aofi 

Ambitious foil of Ambition, defirous or grecJ 
dy of Honours. 

9jOAky tk& 9°^8 ^ * Horfe bettfwn Pace and 

j2ntH0fff« .(Gr<). Abortion, or Mifcarriage; an 
abortive Birch. 

3mblOttcb03 Medicines chat caufe Abortion. 

3tWblPg0rt, fin Geom.) a Figure chat has an pb-' 
tule or Diunt Ang^i, any plaif^ figure, wnoje Sidqi 
niake an obtufe Angle one wifh another. 

antblpgotllal, belonging to fuch a Figure. Thus 
an AmfypmSaLT^iMfr, is th^uj^hich, k& <mjt ob- 
tuft Angle. * 

jSwWflK** pulo^s or Btmnefs of Sight, vjrhep 
the Qbpek is not clearly difcern'd at what difta^ 
faevcr it be^plac'd. ?> 

^Olb^ 3 ( Lat. ) Amb«T*gr cccc : A lfo * kin ^ 4 
Yeflel or liquid ^teafure ainong our Saxm Anr 
x^ours, the Content of which is not j$$t 
known. - 

$tffl$0ftj {Gr € Immortal) a proper Najne of 
Men. ■ 

tfyKtyy fflfl, a Word often us'd by the Poets, fo* 
the delicious Jellies and Food of the Heathen Gods.; 
Whence it is ,^aken for a kind of Medicine pre- 
pared to be as grateful and pleafing to the Palate 
as is polTibfe : Alfo an Herb call'd Oak of Jcni- 

Digitized by 


A M 

A M 

£mlm#mncr?, % *****!> (p>an*y.word) 

a kind of Cupboard or Safe for the keeping of cold 
and broken VlAuals ; properly fuch as arc to be 
diftributed for Alms to the Poor. 

flStriMMaCt; See Ace. 

jambubaix, ( Lat. ) certairi Women of Syrta % 
who got their Living at Home, by playing on Mu- 
fick and other lewd Prank. 

5Unbulatift% a Walking i In Surgery, the fpread- 
ing of a Gangrene. 

0*tbttIatag>, Going or Moving up and down, 
not being fixed to any Place. 

jamtwrbtel Sacrifice*, (among the noma™) . 

a kind of Solemnity when the Beafts were led 
round about the City* before they were Sacri- 

$SttbtlW, a Difcafe ift Horfes which cables them 
to break forth in fpungy Swellings foil of hot Blood 
and Matter. 

jambufcaDe, jambuft,orjamftuftitmtt, properly, 

a Body of Men that lies hid in a Wood or other 
convenient Place, fo as to rufh out upon or enclofe 
an Enemy unawares ; a lying wait privily to Sur- 
prize, Catch, or Intrap One. 

Stttbufttim, (in Surgery) a Solution of the conti- 
nuity of the Parts, caus'd by fome outward Burn- 
ing ; a Burn, or Scald. 

amel'Cojn or ifrencNKtce, * ^ nA o( Grain of 

which Starch Is made. 

flttlttt, a Syriack. word, fignifying Verily , fo 
be it ; and therefore added to the clofe of all 

#ttttnabU ? (Fr.) tiRt to be Led or Ruled, Tra- 
: Sable ; a Term apply 'd in our Law-books to a 
Woman that may be goverri'd by her Husband. 

To 3mtttt>, to Repair, to Reform or Corredt ■$ to 
Make or to Grow better. 

amettfiment, Reformation; Correction : In a 
Law-fenfe, theCorre&ion of anErrour committed 
in a Proceft, and efpy'd before Judgment, which 
may atfo be amended by the Juftices after Judg- 

£ttffffQ8 9 Satisfa&ion or Recompence. 
' $tlffittta, (Lat.) Madncfs, Fooliftinefs. See %n* 


SUttenuTeD, (old Word) Diminilhed, or Leffen- 

0mrO0 ? (Gr.) Bi/hop's-Weed, an Herb,the Seed 
of which is one of the Four leffer Seeds us'd in Phy- 
iick, for caufing to break Wind. 

To^imerCt) to fet a Fine, or Forfeiture upon 

S&ttercement or fltmrciameto, ( Law-Term ) 

a Penalty affefs'd by the Peers or Equals of the 
Party amerced, for an Offence done againft the 
King or fome Lord. Amercements difter from 
Fines, in regard that they aire arbitrarily impofed, 
whereas Fines aref exprefly apppinred by the Sta- 
tute. . -' 

SUmtttriim XmU is *heie~a r Sheriff, Coro- 
ner, or other Officer of the Kipgt is Amerced 
'br Fined by the Tufticds, for Atmfe in hisOf- 

fllmttifa, .the Fourth part of the' World, which 
ffras firft difcoverM by Chrijhfber Columbus or Coion, 
a Genoefe, Anno Dom. 1491. but took Name from 
'Americus Vcfaufius a Florentine ', Who made a farther 
Difcovery of thofe Parts in 1497- 

* ' #metma pallet,** kind of WiHow fo cali'd from 
r Ameria, a Town in the Province of Ombria in Ita- 
ly, where it grows plentifully 5 the Twig-withy 
good to make Baskets of. 

0ttterp or £lmertt, a proper Name of Men, 
from the German Word Enteric, i. e. always Rich 
and Powerful. 

• SUtttfB, #mte, or amfet, {Lat.) an Qrnament 

which Popifti Canons or Priefts wear oh their 
Arms, when they go to lay Mafs. 

3Of0ti)£ft, (Gr.) a precious Stone of a Violet co- 
lour and faint Luftre, fo cali'd becaufe it is faid to 
prevent Drunkennefs. In Heraldry, the Purple 
colour in the Coats of Noblemen, which in the EG. 
cutcheons of the lower Gentry is cali'd Purfure and 
Mercury ; in thofe of Sovereign Princes, 

0met^ftt$mtte0, the beft fort of Carbundes or 

9ttliable 9 (La*.) worthy to be Loved, Lovely, 

Suitable lumbers, (according to M. O^anam) 
fuch as are mutually equal to the whole Sum of one 
another's Aliquot Parts ; as thefe Two Numbers 
184 and 220 : For 284 is equal to the Sum of all 
the AliquotParts of the fecond Number 220, which 
are 1, 2, 4, $, 10, 11, 20, 22, 44» $5, »i°; and 
the latter Number %\o is equal to all the Aliquot 
Parts of 284, w'{ 1, 2, 4, 71, H2. 

ilttttantUS, (Gr.) a kind of Stone that is tozy 

like Wool, and cali'd Earth Flax ox Salamander's 

Hair, which being put into the Fire, it will nevef 

burn or confume. 

amicable, Friendly, Loving, Kind, Courteous. 1 

amtrttt, a Roman Gold Coin, worth 17 /. 1 d 4 

J; ob. Englijh Money, and otherwife cali'd Confularis 
rom its being firft Stampt by the Confuls. 

amftiaMO, (Heb. a Free or Vowing People, or 
a Prince of People) the Son of %am $ and Father of 
Nabfbon ; alfo the Son of Kpratb. 

amiltxum tBimttlt, a fort of Wine fo calFd 
from Aminaa or Apulia, a Country of Italy: 

Zmittm ILegtm Cerr*, (Lat. Law.phrafe) to 

lofe the Law of the Land, erf to be deprived of the 
Liberty of Swearing in any Court, anciently the 
Punilhment of a Champion overcome or yielding 
in Fight ; as alfo of Jurors found guilty in a Writ 
of Attaint, and of Perfons Outlawed. 

3mrtt>, Friend (hip, Love # Affeddon. 

flttima* (Gr.) a Tying, Knitting, a Band; 
among Surgeon's a Trufs us*d in Ruptures. 

amtm or £ffimtuttt, the Herb Bifhop's-weed; 
good for the Gripes, difficulty of Urine, and the 
biting of Venomous Creatures. 

amttiaftWWt, (Heb.) the People of the AlmighJ 
ty) a Prince of the Tribe of Dan. 

9mut0tljl 1*00, (Gr.) a precious Stone appearing 
like Gold-Sands. 

jamtnofipteBj a fort of Serpent fomewhat refem- 
bling a Viper in fhape, but of a Sandy colour; the 

Amnion or antmonttef , («r*. the Son of my 
People) a People defcended from Benammi the Son 
of Lo^. 

Slmmttliamm tifummi, Gum Ammoniack, a 
kind of Gum or juice of a Plant, like our Giant- 
Fennel, growing near Cyrene in Barbary. 

ammonite*, a fort of Stone cali'd the leffer 
Spawn ftone. 

amrnomtrum, a fort of Nitre made of Sand and 
Nitre mixt together. 

arnm^fftf, Sreacr. 

3lttmumtittl, (Lat.) all forts of warlike ProvK 
fidns and Stores, efpeciiUy Powder and Ball. 

flmtntmtCion^ieal^ the Bread that is provided 
for, and given to the Solders. 

amiKftP, (Gr.) an Ad of Oblivion, a genera! 
Pardon granted by a Prince to his Subjeds for all 
former Offences. 

atmtton or #ttmtOB> fin <4»*r.) the Coat or foft 
Skin that immediately covers a Child in the 
Womb, and 1 which is voided after the 
Birth with the others, cali'd Allantois and Cko± 



Digitized by 


A M 

A M 

3mnon> (Heb. True, alfo an Artificer or School- 
Mafter) King David's Firft-born Son by Abinoam, 
who having forc'd his Sifter Tamar, was kill'd by 
his Brother Abfalom. 

&m oebtatt ©CtftS, (in Grammar) are fuch as 
anfwer one another by courfe ; as in fome of Vir- 
gil* Eclogues, 

dmomuttt, certain Grains of a purple Colour, 
biting Tafte, and fpicy Smell ; the Fruit of a Tree 
in the Baft-Indies : Some take it for a kind of 
Shrub growing in Armenia, round together like a 
Clutter of Grapes, with a Flower refembling a 
white Violet, and Leaves like the White Vine : 
Alfo the Herb call'd Jerufalctn, or our Lady's Hpfi. 

SxtlQlim or #mo;irt)taNfc a People of Paleftine. 

3trtO:ofa, (Dal.) an amorous Man, a Lover, a 
Gallant, a Spark. 

3nW?Ot!05 apt to fall in Love, or belonging to 

faltltnti (Fr.) Dead : Whence one that is in a 
Melancholly Fit, is faid to be all A-mort, i. e . quite 

Amortisation, the Ad of Amortizing. See 


To 5lmo:tt }e, to kill ; a Word us'd by Chaucer : 
In a Law-fenle, to make over Lands or Tenements 
to a Corporation, Guild, or Fraternity, and their 

To Amount, (^Fr.) to rife up in Value, or Te- 

&fffO0, (Heh a Burden or Burdenitg) an anci- 
ent Prophet of the Jem, whofe Writings are ftill 
extant among the Books of the Holy Scripture.' 

dfttOUttff, (Fr.) an amorous Perfon, one that is 
apt to be in Love. 

£mour0, Lave* Concerts, or Intrigues. 

#OTOufC0 ? counterfeit (Jems or precious Stones. 

SWfc}, (Heb. Strong or Mighty) the Father of 
the Prophet Jfaiab, 

J3tttpetttte, (Gr.) a kind of black, biramindus, 
dam my Earth, with which Vines were anointed to 
kill the Worms, and make them thrive the better $ 
Kennel-coal or Baftard Jet. 

jamptioDettttOJ, a fort of Herb which the Inha- 
bitants of the lfland of Sicily us'd inftead of Twigs 
to tie their Vines with. 

3mptl0lSUtt> the Herb Briony, or the White 

ampefopjaToH, an Herb that grows about Vines 
or Vine-yards, Leak- Vine, Bears- Garlick, orRai. 

3mpel00 &ffi&i the Wild Vine, a fort of 

tfmpfcetnermu*, a Fever or Ague that comes 
•very Day. 

3mpt)tbttiU04 that lives both in the Water and 
upon Land: Thus the Beaver, Otter, Frog, Goofe, 
&c. are faid To be Amphibious Creatures. 

ailip&ibklfrQfoeS, (in Anat.) a foft, white, flimy 
Skin or Coat of the Eye, fo named, becaufe that 
being thrown in Water, it refembles a Net. It 
is otherwife call'd Tunica fytiformis, and $$tt- 

ampkibolegP, a dark Speech that has a double 

amrtfljjaf &W, a Fflotin Greek, and Latin Verfe, 
having a long Syllable in the Middle, and a fhort 
one on each Side, as &mar¥. 

a«tlltJtbiailCt)ta, (in An***) certain Places about 
the Glandules or Kernels in the Jaws, that, iferve 
to moiften the Throat, Stomach, (3d 

£ltap$t€t*0t$, a Name anciently given to the 
Great Council of Greece, which confifted of emi- 
nent Perfcins, chofen out of the Twelve chief Ci- 
ties, for die making of Laws and deciding of Con- 
troversies. \ 

0mpbtD?eiitn 9 a Term us'd by fome Anatomical 
Writers, for the Summit or top of the Mouih 
of the Womb. 

^mptjimacar, a Foot in Verfe, that has a diorr. 
Syllable in the Midft, and a long one on either 
Side ; as aequkas. 

0m#rimallU0, a Garment frized or (bagged on 
both Sides. 

3inrt!I«pflPlO«oramp^C^!c ? (in ArchiteB) 
a kind of Temple of the Ancients, which had four. 
Columns or Pillars in the Front, and as many in 
the Face behind. 

^mplnsbaita, a kind of Serpent, which feems 
to have a Head at both Ends, and goes bothWajs; 
the, Douhle-Jieaded Serpent. 

ZtnpWtiU (in Geog.) thofe People whofe ShaJ 
dows, at different Times of the Year, fall both 
ways, vi%. to the South Pole, when the Sim is," 
beyond them in Northern Signs, and to the North 
Pole, when the Sun is to the Southwards of them 
in Southern Signs ; and thefe muft be the Inhabu 
tants of the Torrid Zone. 

,2mptnftttela, a kind of Inftrument vtfc'd by Ara- 
tomiiis in tjie Diffe&ing of Bodies'. 

2mp|itanf 5 a precious Stone of a Gold Colour, 
which is of the fame Nature wjth the Load-ftone 1 , 
and draws Gold in like manner. 

8mp!)tt&eattr, a Place built by the ancient 
Romans, of a round or aval Figure, and contain- 
ing a great Number of Seats, one above another, 
where the People faw divers Shews and Sports ; 
as Prizes between Sword-Piaycrs, Wild Beafts 
Fighting, Reprefentations of Sea-Fights, &c. See 


3mp^o:a 5 an ancient Meafure of liquid Things ; 
a Veflel of a Foot fquare, with two Ears to hold by 
in lifting it up or carrying it ; a Kilderkin or Fir- 
kin. The Italic^. Amphora contain 'd five Gallons, 
and the Attick. feven Gallons and a half. 

#8ip!f-> (Lat.) that is of a large Extent, or of 
great Power ; Noble, Abundant. 

^mpltariOtt, an Enlargement: In a Law-fenf$; 
a deferring of Judgment 'till the Caufe be better 
examinM . 

Amplification, an Amplifying or Enlarging : 
In Rjjetorick^ an Enlarging upon an Argument, to 
work upon the Hearers and gain their Belief of 
what is faid. 

To 0JltpItft^ to enlarge a Difcourfe, or upon a 
Subjedr, ; to Romance, to help the Matter, to add 
to the Story.. 

&nptttUfie, (Sreatnels, Largenefs : In AJlronoZ 
my } the Amplitude of the Sun and Stars, is ar* 
Arch of the Horizon, comprehended between the 
true feaft and Weft Point of it, and the Center 
of the Sun, Moon, or any Star, at its Rifing or 
Setting : Or if the San, Moon, or Star be above 
the Horizon, then fo nriany Degrees as are con- 
tain'd between the Azimuth of the Sun, Moon, pr 
Star, and the faid Eaft or Weft Point, fliall be 
call'd The Amplitude. 

2tmputatton 5 a Cutting away, or Lopping off: 
In Surgery, it is taken for the Cutting off any cor- 
rupted or putrefy *d Part or Member, to prevent 
the Infedfcion from ffreading through the whole 

. SLmtam, (Heb. a high People) the Father of 
Mofes, Aaron, and Miriam. . 

J3tnrapl)Fj, (7. e. a (peaking Deftru&ion, or 
a fpeaking Judgment) an ancient King ot Shi z 

, fttnukt, ;, a" kind of Phyfical Competition os 
Charm to wear about one, to preferve from the 
Plague, Poifon, Incharitment, £?c. } 

flmuratb, the Name of feyeral Ottoman Empe- 
rours, and common to others in Turkey. 7 

Digitized by 



A N 

SJmurca, (1*0 the Mother, Lees* or Dregs of 


Tq 3imrff 5 (Fr.) to ftop or ftay one with a 
trifling Story, to make him lofe his Time, to feed 
jvith vain Expe&ations, to hold in PUy. 

3muff mntt 5 a trifling Bufinefs to pafs away 
the Time, a Toy ; alfo the making of vain Pro- 
tnifes to gain Time. 

0tmiUte> (L4f.) a Mafon's or Carpenter's Rule 

"or Line, Chalk'd or Oker'd, with which they level 

their Work : Whence the Phrafe, Ad Amujftm ali- 

huid facere, To do a Thing exa&ly by Line and 

Role to a Hair's Breadth. 

#ttt& (Fr. i. e. Friendly or kind) a proper 
Name common to Men and Women : Alfo a 
Law. word ; as Prochein Amy, *. e . the next Friend 
or Perfon to be trufted for an Infant or Orphan. 

See l&ocfiefm 

fttttpgOala, ( Gr. ) the Almond-tree or its 
Fruit. Amygdala is alfo taken for the Almonds 
of the Ears, the fame with Parifihmia and Tonfill* ; 
which fee. 

#mpgMlate, an Artificial Milk or Phyfick- 
Drink, made of blanch'd Almonds and other In- 

SJmPBteltteg, an Herb of the Spurgerkind, with 
leaves like thofe of an Almond-tree. 

StittPlm or tfmrttim, a kind of Food made of 
Wheat" without grinding it. Bowls of Wheat or 
Frumenty ; alfo White Starch. 

ampttica (Emplaftta, Defcn(ative Strengthning 

. 8ttlVti&j a kind of fweet Shrub that bears no 
Fruit, and which fome took to be the Myrrh- 

jEfotpftte, a Caroufe or Way of Drinking among 
Hie Tbracians, who ufed to pour their Liquor 
down Gutterlane, without fetching Breath, or 
without winking j alfo the Bowl or Cup they 
drunk out of. 

#Jt JOUT « UR8ift, (Fr. Law-phrafe) See Tear, 
Day and PVafte. 

Sina, (Gr.) a Word us'd by Phyficians in their 
Bills, to fignifie an equal or like Quantity of each 
Ingredient to be taken for the Compounding of 
any Medicine : Alfo an Bafi* India Coin, worth 
III Id. or fomewhat above an Englijh Penny : Alfo 
a kind of Indian Beaft, with long Teeth and (harp 

0nabaptitfon: See abaprtffon* 

&mmfiitt*i (Gr. i. e. Rebaptizers) certain 
Sedtaries, who firft appeared in Germany, under 
the Condudi of one Nicholas Storl^ A. D. 1521. 
'Their chief Tenet is, That Perfons ought not to 
fce Baptized 'till they are able to give an Account 
of their Faith. 

9tiabaffiB, an afcending or getting up, an Af- 
cent or Rife : In the Art of Phyfick, the Growth 
Ct Increafe of a Difeafe. 

flnatthajOII, (1. e. Afcending or Rifing up) a 
Term fometimes us'd in Aftronomy, for the Dra- 
gon's-Head, or the Northern Node of the Moon, 
where (he rifes from South to North Latitude : See 

, ^agotrs^eat and i&o&es. 

SratyOCpifWUg, (in Surgery) a particular man- 
ner of drawing out the pricking Hairs of the Eye- 
lids that are turn'd inwards, tri%. by means of a 
,Thread of a fine Silk in the Eye m of a Needle, 
which when doubled, the Hair is put through and 
lb drawn out. 

£nab:ofiS ? a Coroding or Eating away : Among 
Surgeons, a Confuming or Wafting of any Part I 
of the Body by (harp Humours. 

3nacatTrpferD£;» an Herb, which being but 
touched, has the Force to reconcile Lovers or 
gr iends fallen out j the Herb Orpin.- 

^nacampttcal or anacaitipttCft, reflecting, turn- 
ing, or bowing back or again, a Word often ufed 
with refpe& to Ecchoes, which are Sounds produ- 
ced AnacampticaUj, or by Reflection. 

#Itacattiytirb0 or CatropticfeS, a Branch of Op- 
ticks, a Science which by the Rays of fome lumi- 
nous Obje&, refle&ed on a plain Surface, finds 
out &nd confiders its Form, Dimenfions, Diftance, 
and other Properties. 

3nacattrium, a kind of Bean growing in Ma- t 
lacca, like a little Bird's Heart. 

anatart^ar00, a Medicine that Purges or Dis- 
charges Nature by fome of the upper Pares ; as 
any thing that provokes to Vomit, to Sneezing, or 

&natat$artKfe $ltititte0, are fuch as caufe Vo- 

jSltaCtpbalxOfiS* a brief Recapitulation or Sum- 
mary of the Heads of any Matter fpoken or delu 
ver'd in Writing 5 a ihort Repetition or Summing 
up of what went before. 

3t\Zt\)\tt&> the Diamond, a precious Stone fo 
calld, becaufe it is faid to have the Virtue of 
driving away Diftempers of the Mind, and to be a 
Prefervative againft Poifon. 

8Lmc\)f*tttU> an Anchoret or Monk that retires 
from Company, and lives folitary by himfelf. 

3nacb:Dntfm, an Errour in Chronology, or in 
the Computation of Time ; a falfe Chronicling. 

StttatlatiCfeS, a part of Opticks which treats of 
all forts of *.efra&ions, and is the lame with Diep* 

2nat0Hema, a kind of Medicine to be apply'd 
to the Fore-head or Noftrils, in Difeafes of the 
Eyes, or to tench Bleeding 5 a- binding Plaifter 
for the Temples, ££c. to ftop the flowing down 
of Rheum. Alfo a Mediate that will conglutinate 
or clofe the Parts, and breed Flefh in a Wotnd or 

2mC0tl^t«, (y. d. an Inconfequence in Dif- 
courfe) a Rhetorical Figure, when a Word that 
is to anfwer another, is not exprefs'd. 

anactCOnttCb CEerfe, a kind of Verfe that con- 
fifts of feven Syllables, without being tied to any 
certain Law of Quantity, and takes Name from 
its Author Anacreon 9 a famous Greeks Lyrick Poet, 
who was choak'd with a Grape-Stone, and fome of 
whofe Poems are ftill extant. 
jim»tlW0tttalar^ the Rofe-mallow Tree. 
Sktafccfma, a Band or Tie : Among Surgeons a 
Swathe or Bandage to bind up Wounds. 

Sbtaaiplofia, a Redoubling : In Ifyetorich a 
Figure, when the laft Word in the End of a Verfe 
or Sentence is repeated in the Beginning of the 
next, as — -Jit Tytyrus Orpheus, Orpheus in Sylvis. 
Virg. It is alfo fometimes us'd in Medicine, for 
the Redoubling of the Fits of Fevers, Agues, &c. 
and in this Senfe is calTd Epanddiplofis by fome 

am09fi& a Burftiag forth, or Bubbling up as 
Water docs ; a Diftribution : In the Art of: Phy- 
fick, k is chiefly us'd for the conveying: of the 
Juice called Chyle, thro* the proper Veflels, and 
fometimes for whacevecteutfa up wards ia theiJo- 
dy, as a Vomit, ($c, 

janagaiiS, the Hetb Pimpernel, goal for 
Wbunds, and tocuriuhe Pin or Web* m the 
Eye. AnagaUis aquatica, Sea-Purflanc or Brook- 
Lime. Anagattis Syfotflris, the Herb Calves- 

3twsIppttfrort|ieana«Ippttcb2rt 5 the Art of 

Engraving, Chafing, or laaJboiilng- Plate, <$e. 

8M$mffiB 9 a Reader, a Clerk. 

dfiagOgf, a railing of the Mind to fearch out 
the hidden Meaning of any Paflage;- cfpccially 
the myftical Sfenfe of the Holy Scriptures. 

Digitized by 


A N 

A N 

SJttagCgtca!, belonging to Myfteries, myfteri- 
ous, myitical ; rhat has a raifed or uncommon Sig- 
nification, or that raifes the Mind np to Divine 

Anagram, an ingenious Interpretation of one's. 
Name, Title, (3c by tranfpofing the Letters of it, 
in order to make out fomething to the Honour and 
Praife of the Ptrfon. 

anagraph a RegiftYing, or Recording of 
Matters; a Commentary, an Inventory, a fire- 

SUiagtYlB, a kind of Herb that is fair to the 
Sight, but has a ftinking Smell ; Bean-trefoil. 

j3tiai^ (Hcb. Answering or Singing, or Poor) 
the Farher of AbcmHabab, one of Efaus Wives. 

atWtfl$Cfia, (Gr.) a Defedt or JLofs of Senfe, 
which happens to Perfons troubled with the Palfie, 
or that are Blafted. 

#ltak> (Heb.) a Giant ; from whom defcended 
the Race of the Anakjm or Giants that were^de- 
ftroyed by Jofhua. 

jEhttlCtta, (Gr.) properly Fragments or Crums 
gather'd from Table ; whence it is taken for Col- 
lections or Scraps out of Authors, 

StMkm or awfefttB, a Servant that gathers 
up the Crums and Scraps on the Floor after Din- 
ner, the Sewer of the Table that takes away ; al- 
fo a well read Scholar. 

ftttllntrata, a lofty Building, a Citadel or 
Fort. In Aftronomy, an Orthographical Proje&i- 
on of the Sphere on the Plane of *the Meridian, 
the Eye being fuppofed to be at an infinite Di- 
ftance, and in the Eaft or Weft Points of the 
Horizon. In Dialing, a particular Way to find 
dot the Courfe or Height of the Sun or any 
other Planet ; alfo a Mathematical Inftrument us'd 
for that Purpofe. 

flflOteptttto, Medicines that renew and cherifti 
the Strength : Alfo a part of that Method in 
Phyfick which is caH'd. Hygieina, i. e. the Art of 
preferving Health ; whereby weak Perfons are re- 

&ttalgefir, Indolency, a being free from Pain 
or Grief. 

Analogical, belonging to Proportion, proportio- 

&ttategtfitf, ( in Logick) a forcible Argument 
drawn from the Cauie to the Effedk, fo as to 
imply an unavoidable Necdfity ; In the Art of 
Phyfickj a Comparifon of Caufes relating to a Di- 

analogous anfwering in Proportion, Refem- 
blance or Fafhion $ bearing Relation to, propor- 
tionable, alike. 

3nal08t>, like Reafon, Relation; Proportion, 
Agreement, Correfpondency : In Grammar, the 
Declining of a Noun, or Conjugating of a Verb, 
according to its- Rule or Standard. In Mathema- 
tickSf the Comparifon of feveral Ratios or Reafons 
bf Quantities or Numbers one to another ; being 
much the fame with Proportion ; which fee. 

Stofflpflft, the Refolving or Severing of a Mat- 
ter into its Parts, for the better Underftanding of 
it : In Mathematics, it is the Art of Difcovering 
the Truth or Falfhood of a Propofition, by fuppo- 
fing the Queftion to be always folved, and then 
examining the Conftquences, 'till fome known and 
evident Truth be found out, or elfe the Impoflibili- 
ty of the Propofition in Hand. 

InChymiftry, 9nalt?0$, is the Reducing of any 
Subftance into its firft Principles : Among Anato- 
mifts, an exaft Divifion of all the Parts of a Hu- 
mane Body, performed by a particular Diffe&ion 
of them. 

0IWlpttfal or awalWttfc, belonging to an Am- 
tyfn % or Method of Refolving (3c. 

3nalpttCb, (in LogiclO U a Part of that Science 
which teaches to Decline and Conftrue Reafons, 
as Grammar does Words, ; ,.*■•» 

jartalptiCfcfi or.the 3tiaiMtCal Brt, Algebra, often 
fo call'd, as being nothing elfe but a general Analy- 
fis of the pure Mathematicks ; or becaufe it (hew* 
how to folve Queftions and demonftrate Theo- 
rems, by inquiring into the fundamental Nature 
and Frame of the Thing, which for that Purpofe 
is as it were rcfolved into its Pares, or taken all ro 
Pieces, and then put together again : In this Senfe, 
Analytical Demonftratiom are oppofed to Synthetical 
ones | which fee* 

To analtje ffitffitW, (in Cbymiflry) i* to diffolv e 
them by means of Fire, in order to find out the 
feveral Parts of which they are made. . 

0t!8ttintfi0, Remembrance : In HhetorUl(, a Fi~ 
gure, whereby the Oratour calls to Mind Matters 
that are ptft. 

anamnrtiebfi, Medicines that ferve to Aftore 
the Memory. • 

0nat1CaeOIT, a Rhetorical Figure that makes cut 
the Neceflity of f Thing. 

2nanta& or 0narta0, (Hcb. the Cloud or Di- 
vination of the Lord) the proper Name of feve- 
ral Perfons mentioned in. Holy Scripture. . < * . 

anapaefla* oranapett, a Foot or.Meafure in 
Greek, or Latin Verfe, that has the two firft Sylla- 
bles (hort, and the laft long ; as Pi&Ss. i 

^napefltch Verfe*, are tfaofe which have fuch 
Feet, and which are commonly us'd in Trage- 
dies ; where there are three, feet, which arc 
made ufe of in all Parts of the Verfe indifferent- 
ly • 

ana#J02a, (i.e. Relation or Repetition) a Rhe- 
torical Figure, when in the Beginning of every, 
Verfe or Member of a Sentence the fame Word i« 
repeated. Among fome ancient Aftronomers, it is^ 
taken for an Afcenfion or Rifing up of the twelve 
Signs of the Zodiack. from the Eaft, by the daily 
Courfe of the Heavens. 

#nat*fcomt!i, Honey that has no Froth. 

^naplcroff0, a Filling up, or Supplying : In Sur- 
gery, that Pan of the Art which rcftores what 
either Nature has denied or is otherwife decay- 

0naplrrfltfrft0, Medicines that help to fill Ul- 
cers with flefh. 

0natttfP, a being without Rule, want of all 
Government in a Nation or State, no Supreme Au- . 
thority being there lodg'd, either in Prince oT Ru- 
lers ; (6 that all Things are in the utmoft Difor- 
der and Confufion. 

dtttttta, (i. e. the Killer or Murderer) a Name. 
given by Aftrologers to the fatal Planer, which 
threatens Death in a Nativity. 

flnarrffflton, a kind of Herb like Pimpernel ; 

SUm, (Lat.) the Duck or Drake ; a Water- 

JSttaftrca, {Gr.) a kind df Dropfie, a whit^ 
foft, yielding Tumour of Swelling of the whofe 
Body, or of fome of its Parts, which dints in when 
the Flefh is prefs'd. 

dtteftoeClrf&lfc, a Refolving of mixt Bodies in- 
to their Elements or firft Principles by Chymital 

anaihmWf*; a Loofening or Opening' > In 
the Art of Phyfick* it is more-efpeci^Ily taken 
for a flowing out of the Natural Humours of 
the Body ; as Blood, Lympha % Chyle, &c. at the 
meeting of Veflels that are not well clofed ; Alfo 
the mutual Opening of Arteries and Veins one in- 
to another*, . . ; • ., 

^naftomatiCte, Medicines that open and widen 
>the Orifices of the Veffcls, fo as to caujethe 

' ■ "' -~ "' ~~ ' ' Blood' 

Digitized by 


A N 


Blood to circulate freely and pafs eafily one of the 
Arteries into the Veins : Or Medicines which 
fervc to open the Pores and Paflages j fuch are 
thofe that purge or provoke Sweat or Urine, &c. 

3ltaftt0t^C, (i- '• Inverfion or Turning the con- 
trary Way) a Grammatical Figure, whfcn that 
Word is fet foremoft which ihould follow ; as, 
Italian* antra. 

gmtaria, (Lat.) a kind of Eagle that preys 
upon Ducks* 

ftttataftfe ( Gr. ) an Extension upwards, a 
Stretching or Reaching out : In Surgery, the 
Stretching out of the Body towards the Upper 

#tt&tf)ema, (the laft Syllable but one being long) 
fignifies any Oflering or Gift fet a-part or given 
to God, or to his Church $ properly thofe that 
were Confccrated by the ancient Heathens to 
their Idols, and were ufually hang'd up on the 
L Walli or Pillars of the Tdmples. 

$ltati)*ma, (the laft Syllable but one (hort) is 
a folemn Curfe or Sentence of Excommunication ; 
alfo any accurfed Thing, or a Perfon cut off from 
the Communion of ihe Church. 

To &natt$tttatt$? 9 to Excommunicate ; to put 
tinder a Curfe. 

^ttiat^miafiB, an Exhalation, Vapour, or Steam; 
a Perfume. 

SUnatOCtftlt? a yearly renewing of Ufury, and 
taking Ufe upon Ufe, fo as the Intereft becomes 
(the Principal. 

Anatomical, belonging to Anatomy. 

#natcraift, one skill'd in that Art. 

To anatOtntje, to diffed or cut up a dead JJody, 
in order to view its Parts. 

StaatOHltk a neat Diffe&ion or Cutting open of 
the Body of a Man or other Creature, whereby 
the Parts are feverally difcovered, in order to 
explain their Original, Nature, and Ufe ; for im- 
proving the Art of Phyfick and Natural Philofo- 

j3natripfi«, a rubbing againft, or upon 5 a Bray, 
ing or Bruifing : In Surgery, the Bruifing or Break- 
ing of a Bone, or of the Stone in the Bladder or 

&tiatton or j$atton, a kind of Salt drawn from 
the Water of the River Kile in AZgypt. 

&mfVt\&j the Herb Sorrel. 

<3ttburtV a kind of Wen or fpongy Wart full of 
Blood, growing in any Part of a Horfe's Body. 

StattttOUr, (Fr.) a Fore-Father : In Common- 
Law, the Difference between Anceftour and Pre- 
deceffour is, that the former is apply 'd to a Natural 
Perfon ; as ?• JG and bis Ancefiours f and the other 
to a Corporation or Body Politick, as A Bijkop and 
his PredeceJTours; 

^tafCflCC^ (Law. word) belonging to Anccftours, 
as Homage Anceftrel, i . e. Homage that has been 
done by one's Anceftours. 

3ttfy0h ( Gr a we ^, known Iron Inffrument 
that holds a Ship in the Place where (he Rides, 
and of which there are feveral forts, vi%> The 
Bowers, the Grapnel, the Kedgcr, the Stream- Anchor, 
and the Sheet- Anchor ; which fee. The Parts of 
an Anchor are, the Arm, Beam, or Shanks the Flook 
or Flu^, the s^ing, and the Stocky j all which are 
cxplain'd under thofe Articles. 

The jattCtJOk is faid To be a Coc^-beH, when it 
bangs right up and down by the Ship's Side ; and 
To be a Peek* when it is juft under the Haiofe or 
Hole in the Ship's Stern, thro* which the Cable 
belonging to it runs" out : The Seamen fay, The 
s Anchor is foul, when the Cable by the turning of 
the Ship is hitched about the Fluke. 
- To Boat t%t 3ttC\)Qh is to put it into the Boat : 
[The Anchor is faid To com home, when it oanMt 

hold the Ship, but that (he drives away by the 
Violence of the Tide or Wind ; and To fetch or 
bring home the Anchor, is to Weigh it : To 1st fall; 
or drop the Anchor, is to put it down into the Sea, 
in order to make the Ship ride. Tojhooe the An- 
chor, is to cafe the Flook of it with Boards, that 
it may the better take hold where the Ground isr 

#ttC|)02age or anting, Ground fit to hold a 
Ship's Anchor, fo that me may ride ic outfafeiy ; 
the beft fort of which is a ftiff CJay or hard Sand : 
In a Law-ferife, Anchorage is a Duty yaid to the 
King, for Calling Anchor in the Pool of a Har- 

ancbojalfe jszonffus : See janevrotoefc 

#HCf}0jet, a Hermit or Monk that leads a foli- 
tary Life in a Defart. 

flnc&llfa, (Gr.) an Herb 5 a kind of Buglofs : 
Alchanet or Orchanet. 

#nc|)Ple : See flncplr. 

#nC|)Vl0p0, a Swelling between the greater 
Corner of the Eye and the Nofe j the fame as 

#ttcl#re ; See ^.ragon'&BIcoD, 

&flri£ttt, Old, that is of former Time, particu- 
larly as oppofed to Modern or Late. 

janrifltt JJDtmeafne, (Law-Term) a certain 
Tenure, by which all Manours belonging to the 
Crown, were held in the Time.of King Edward 
the Confeffour, and William the Conquerour. 

An Ancient or anffiCnt, a Flag or Streamer, fet 
up in the Stern of a Ship. 

Ancients, a Title given in the Middle-Temple, 
to fuch as arepaft their Reading and never read. 
In Gr j/s- Inn, the Society confifts of Benchers, An* 
cients i Barrijiers, and Students under the Bar. The 
Inns of Chancery have likewife their Ancients and 
Students or Clerks, and among the Ancients, one 
is chofen Principal or Treafurer. 

#ncfent& ( Law. word ) Aneientnefs,- Seniori- 
ty, Elderfhip, as The eldeft Sijler can demand no 
more than her other Sifters by t\eafin of her And en- 


fltaCOm^ a kind of Boil, Sore, or foul Swelling; 
that breaks out in the flefhy Pares. 

J3ncwi, (Gr.) properly the Place where the Arm 
is bent or bowed ; the Elbow, the Top or Point of 
the Elbow : It is alfo fometimes taken by Anato- 
mifts for the backward and larger (hooting forth of 
the Bone of the Arm called Vina. 

In Architecture, SbiCfNiCS, are the Corners or 
Coins of Walls ; the Bowings or Meetings of 
Members like an Elbow, or the bent of the Arm j 
Crofs-beams or Rafters. 

#nc«lxUfi, a Mufcle that helps to ftretch out 
the Elbow, and is fo call'd by t\iolanus from its 
Situation : It arifes from the lower and back Part 
of the Os Humeri or Shoulder bone, and is idferted 
to the lateral Part of the BrachUus Externus; a 
Thumb's Length below the Olecranum. 

&nconp, a Term of Art us'd at the Iron-Mines, 
when the Metal is work'd in the Finery-Forge, 
from a Bloom or four-fquare Mafi, to a Bar of 
about three Foot long of any fhape ; leaving at e*ch 
end a fquare rough piece, to be wrought at the 

j3nCtCTC0, (Gr.) a Surgeon s Bands to tie or ftitch 
up a Wound clofe. 

J3ncplr, a. kind of Javelin or Darr, or the Lea- 
ther- thong, with which it is thrown : In Anatomy, 
the bending of the Elbow or of the Ham ; tt>e 
Contraction or Drawing together- of a Joynt. 

#nC#0b!ep5arUttV the growing of .the Eyelid* 
to the Tunica Cornea, or to the Albuginia % fo that 
fometimes both the Eye-lids clofe and ftick toge- 


Digitized by 



^nc^teglofflim^ a being Tongue-ty'd, when the 
fmall String under the Tongue is tooftraight, which 
caufes a Difficulty in the uttering of the Words. 

j3flCPlO8lOffl!0, one that is Tongue-ty'd, or has 
an Impediment in his Speech. 

#J!f plct0muft> a little Knife to cut the String 
under the Tongue. 

J&irproi&tt, the Procefs or (hooting forth of the 
Shoulder- bones like a Beak ; otherwife call'd An- 
char alts, Coracoides, and Cornicularis. 

jStttftbatar, (among the Romans) a fort of Fen- 
cers, who fought hood-wink'd, or Champions that 
fought on Horfe-back blind.fold. 

anlUUtlle, (Fr. in Cookery) a kind of Chitter- 
ling, made either of Hogs or Calves Guts ; the 
former being ufually ftuffd with Pork, and the 
other with Calves-Chaldron, Udder, (§c. 

AttOUiBet, minced Veal with Bacon and other 
Ingredients rofl'd into a Pafte : AndouiUets for Fifh- 
Days are alfo made of Eels and Carps-Fkfh, chopt 
fmall or pounded in a Mortar. 

Sfomaelnr, (Gr.) the HerbPurflain. Andracbne 
agria, wild Purflain. 

StltDjatiftoalD, a Wood in Sujfex, anciently 120 
Miles in Length, noted for the Death of Sigebert, 
King of the fVcfl-Saxens, who was ftabb'd there by 
a Swine-herd. 

fllltttCfo, a proper Name of Men, fignifying 
Manly or Couragious, in Greek. 

0!1frU)teOT0jB, (Gr.) a precious Stone, bright at 
Silver, in many Squares like a Diamond : Alfo a 
fort of Blood-ftone, very hard and weighty, which 
hleeds when rubb'd on a \V het-ftone. 

#tRttOgpnt!f, one that is both Man and Wo- 
man, or has the Natural Pans of both Sexes 5 a 
Scrat or Will-JiH, an effeminate Fellow. 

&tttKOttteDa, a Northern Conftellation, confid- 
ing of 27 Stars. 

0tlD:ofaCC0, (#. e. Man's Remedy,) a white 
Herb that grows on the Sea-coafts of Syria, fo 
call'd becaufe it forces Urine in Perfons troubled 
with the Dropfie j Dodder, or "With- wind. 

^ ^tttnofcmOtt, a Plant, the Flower of which 
yields a Juice like Man s Blood ; St. Jobn's-mrt or 
Tu/an, on excellent Plant for Wounds, either taken 
inwardly or outwardly applied. 

&Ittf?0t0tttp 9 a Difledion of Humane Bodies j 
as Tqotomy is that of other Living Creatures. 

0hf tniUB $UXm* 9 (among Chyinifts) a Wind- 
Furnace, us'd to make ftrong Fires for Diftilling 
or Melting. 

StVtltOnc, the Emony or Wind- Flower, , of 
which there is great Variety in our Englijb Gar* 

SttttttOfCDpf, a Device invented to fore- (hew 
the Change of the Air, or the Shifting of the 
Wind. * 

Stfflfity (Scotch) Concerning, or Relating to j 
alfo an old Engli/h Word for Over-againft. 

$tti£& or 3tni0, the Spires or Beards of Barley, 
or other bearded Grain. 

jaitrtfttim, (Gr.) the Herb Dil 

&J1?lJrtftir 9 (in Surgtty) a Stretching or Burft- 
ing of the Arteries, fo that they continually beat 
and fwell, fometimes to the Bignefs of an Egg j 
which Swelling yields if preflfed,'but fooh re- 

Angaria, thePrefling of Horfes, Teams, Ships, 
Men, &c. for the Publick Ufe ; any compelled 
Service. In our old Records, it is taken for any 
troublefome or vexatious Duty or Service done by 
the Tenantto his Lord. 

3ltg*l, (Gr.) the Word properly fignifies a 
Meflenger or Bringer of Tidings, and is general- 
ly apply 'd to thofe Immaterial and Intelle&ual 
Beings, which God makes ufe of as bis Minifters 

A N 

to execute the Orders of his Divine Providence. 
Slngd, a fort of Gold Coin that has the Figure 
of an Angel ftanipt on it, and is worth Ten Shil- 
lings : Alio a kind of Chain-(hor, a Cannon-bul- 
let cut in two, and having the Halves joind toge- 
ther with a Chain. 

&ngel4>r&, a fort of open Bed, without Bed- 

angelica, an Herb, the diftilled Water of which, 
and eipecially the Roots, refift Poifon and all infe- 
ctious Vapours. 

£flgrltNri, belonging to, or partaking of the 
Nature of Angels. 

aitgelOt, (Fr.) a kind of fmall Cheefe, com- 
monly made iii France : Alfo a Mufical Inftrument 
fomewhat like a Lute. 

#ngfgl0ffl, (Gr.) they that Stammer in their 
Speech, particularly fuch as find it difficult to fro. 
nounce the Letters L, J^, and J£, 

SUigtlB, (old Law-term) the bare Angle Valu- 
ation or Satisfaction made for a Man ©r Thing, 
from the Saxon Words An one and Gild, Payment, 
MulA, or Fine : So Tmgild was the double Fine, 
and Trigild the treble Fine, according to the Abi- 
lity of the Perfon. 

&tigilia, (L*t.) an Inflammation of the Jaws 
and Throat, attended with a continual Fever and 
a Difficulty of Breathing and Swallowing ; the 
Quinfey, which is of two forts, either Spuria or 
Exauijita, i. e. a baftard or a true Quinfey : Again, 
the latter is four- fold, vi%. Cynanchc % Faracynancbe, 
Synancbe % and Farafynanche $ which fee in theit 
proper Places. 

Shigttta itltf, the Herb Dodder. 

arigtaa mmarta* the Drunken Hiccough. 

#ngi0l0gP ? (Gr.) a Difcourfe or Treatife of the 
Veffels of a Humane Body ; as of the Veins, Ar- 
leries, Sinews, ($c. 

Stogiotom?, a Cutting open Of thofe Veffels 9 
as in Opening of an Artery or Vein. 

Stogie* (Lat.) a Conner ; alfo a Fifiiing-Rod^ 
In Geothetry % a Space comprehended between the 
meeting of two Lines, which is* either greater ot 
Iefs, as thofe Lines incline towards one another, 
or ftand farther afunder. Thefe Angles are of two 
forts, vi%. Plain or Spherical. 

^Pflatn angb?, is the Diftance or Opening of 
Two Lines that touch one another in the fame 
Plane, but fo as not to make oneftrait Line, and 
the Lines that form it are termed * Legs : Or it is 
a Space bounded by the Meeting of two Lines, 
which cut one another on a Plane ; and may be 
either Right-lined, Curvilinear, or Mixed. 

A Ktgit4inrB or Rectilineal £ngk, is an An- 
gle made by the meeting of two Right Lines. A 
Curvilinear or Crooked- lind Angle, that which is 
made by the Interferon or Mutual Cutting one 
another of two crooked Lines. A AfixtiJinear or 
Mixed Angle, that which takes its Rife from the 
meeting of a Right Line and a Curve or Crooked 

J&pberifal #nglf> an Angle made by the Meet- 
ing of two Arches of great Circles, which inter- 
fed or mutually cut one another on the Surface of 
the Globe or Sphere. 

Singlf £, whether Plain or Spherical, may be 
confider'd as Right, Acute, andObtufe. 

A fttgljt 3tig!r, is when one Right Line falls 
perpendicularly on another, fo as to leave an equal 
Space on each Side, and the Meafure of this Angle 
is always 90 Degrees or one quarter of a Circle ; 
every Circle being ufually divided into \6o equal 
Parts, call'd Degrees. 

An SctltC 3ngle, is that which is lefs than a 
Right one, or contains lefs than $r> Degrees, and 
is fo call'd becaufe its Angular Point is IBiarp : An 


Digitized by 


— *- 

A N 

A N 

Obtufe Angle, having its Angular Point blunt or 
broad, is greater than a Right one, ahdconfiftsof 
more than 90 Degrees. Bat no Angle can contain 
fully 180 Degrees \ for then one Leg falls into the 
fame Right Line with the other, and they make 
the Diameter of the Circle. 

flltoUB, havc alfo fevcral other Names aefcord- 
ing to their different Pofitions, their Relation to 
the refpe&ive Figures they are in, and the Lines 
that form them 5 as either Contiguous or Oppo- 
fite, External or Internal, Oblique, Solid, &c 

Contiguous or patent SUwleg, have one Leg 
common to both Angles, and both taken together 
are always equal to two Right ones t Ofpofitecr 
Vertical Angles, tbofe that are made by tWo Right 
Lines croffing each other, and which only touch in 
the Angular Poin* They take Name from their 
being oppofcd ad Verticem, .or at the Top, and 
therefore in fome Books are called Head-Angles. 
An Angle alfo in any Triangle is faid To be Offofitt 
to the Side that fubtends it. 

CttOnal ftflglOb are the Angles of any Right- 
lined Figure without it, when all the Sides are 
feveraliy produced or lengthened ; and they are all 
taken together, equal to four Right Angles. 

Jrtternal £UtfU% ( in General ) are all Angles 
made by the Sfies of any Right-lined Figure with- 

flftttftU* SbttlOfe are fuch as are either Acute 
or Obtufe, inUppofidon to Right- Angles. 

A fPOltfi SUip?, is the Meeting of (everal Planes 
or level Surfaces ; which mutually cut one ano- 
ther, and meet all in one Point. 

#!lffle at (be CtoUW&rcilCe, is an Angle made 
by any two Chords which meet there in a Point. 

Stagle Of a Jtegmeilb is an Angle made by the 
Circumference of a Circle and a Right-Line cut- 
ting it : And Angle in a Segment is an Angle made 
by two Right-lanes riling from the Angles 6f the 
Segment, and meeting in the Circumference. 

ftlgleif ILWffitttOe, (in AJlron.) is the Angle 
which the Circle of a Stars Longitude, makes 
with the Meridian, at the Pole of the Ediptick. 

jblffle If tlje fkUtftl flfttfHl, an Angle made 
by the Meeting of an Arch of a Meridian Line, 
with an Arch of an Azimuth, or any other great 
Circle nailing through the Body of the Sun. 

;2bWietf IHdWlCe* (in Catoptrieks) is an An- 
gle made by * Ray of Light falling on a Body, 
with any Tangent tine of that Body, which is next 
the luminous or light Body : In Dialling, it i$ an 
Angle made by the ftrait Line that proceeds from 
the Sun to the Dial-plane. 

Angle Of Reflection that which is form'd by 
the refleded Ray, at the Point of Refledion, with 
the other part or the Tangent Line of the faid Bo- 
dy : In Dialling, an Angle made by a ftrait Line 
which proceeds from the Angle of Incidence. 

Angle Of Infraction, that which is made by 
the Ray of Incidence, prolonged through ano- 
ther Medium (as out of the Air into the Water) 
and the Ray of Refradion ; or the lame Ray 
confident as it were broken and deviating from a 
Right- Line. 

angle of t|e KneertMl of tfno #iaew, (in Op. 

tides) is the Angle made by the Lines directed from 
the Eye to thofe Places. 

J3«ffle Kefractet), is the Angle between the Re- 
fra&ed Ray and the Perpendicular. 

jEtagle Of tj* ftflftum, ( in Fcrtif.) an Angle 
made by the two Faces of the Baftion, being the 
fctmoft part, call'd the Point of it, and raoft ex- 
posed to the Enemies Batteries: It is the fame with 
the Flanked Angle. 

SUlgte at t|pe Cmter, an Angle made in the Midft 
of the Fotygek or many-fided Figure, by two Lines 

proceeding from the Center, and ending at the 
two neareft Angles of the Polygon. 

jungle of tjje Circumference, is the mix d Angle 

made by the Arch which is drawn from one Gorge 
to another* 

angle of tfce Complement of %%t line of 9De* 

fmce, is the Angle that proceeds from the Inter- 
feron of the two Complements one with ano- 

ang'e of tfje Courtin or angle of tlje Jlati6> 

that which is made 1>y, gr contained between the 
Courtin and the Flank in any Piece of Fortifica- 

#nglf Of tleCoutttrrfcarp, that wtyeh is made 
by two Sides of the Counterfcarp, 0id meets be- 
fore the Middle of the Courtin. ij* 

j3ngle SMmtntfceD, an Angle made by the Face 
of the Baition, with the outward Side of the Poly- 
gon, and only in ufe among the Engineers of Hel- 

angle of t|e«iwule ; See <Cpaule. 

angle of t$e OPtertour iFigure or angle of cfpe 

f^olpgOil, that which is formed at the Point of the 
©anion, oy the meeting of the two outermoft Sa- 
fes or Sides of the Polygon. 

angle of the Intertour ifigure* that which is 

made in the Center or Middle of the Baftion, by 
the meeting of the innermoft Sides of the Figure. 

angle or tlje iflanlu See atftle of tfje Cow 

angle flanfcefi, that which is made by the 
meeting of the two Faces of the Baftiofc : See 

angle of tije Baftion* 

angle flanking OtttttWrt^ that which is form'd by 

,*he meeting of the two Hasans Lines of Defence, 

that is to fay, the two Faces of the Baftion pro* 

longed. See angle of t^eXenatUe. 
angle flanking fmnaro» the Angle ma4e by the 

Flanking Line and the Courtin, 

angle forming t&e jffaee* is that which confifts 

of one Flank and one Face. 

angle footing tfce iflanft, that which is made 

up of one Flank and one Demi-Gorge ; or an An- 
gle made by the Flank and that part of *he fide of 
the Polygon, which runs from the faid Flank to 
the Angle of the Polygon j which if lengthened, 
crofles the Baftion, and is only ufed by Dutch En- 
I angle Of tfjeipoat* that which is made before 
the Courtin where it is interfered. 

angle ®o:t* See Angle of the CenatBe* 
angle of t|e $ol£gon. See angle of tfje €p 
teitout JFigure* 
angle Ke*ntring or Kmtrant angle* is an An- 
ile that points inward towards the Body of the 

angle SwfUant or jtaliant* otherwife caird &cy 

tfiltt and UHiL is an Angle that thrufts out itsJroint 
towards the Campaign or Country. 

angle of tfje jMputoer or <Cpaul& an Angle 

made by the Lines of the Face and Flank of the 

_. angle of $e arenaffle or tlje tnrfaart flanttqf 

angle, that which is made by the two Lines Fi- 
chant, 1. e. the Faces of the two Baftions extended 
*cill they meet in an Angle towards the Cc/anin j 
fo as always to carry its Point in towards the Work ; 
It is alfo call'd Anele-Mort or the Dead Angle, and 
Angle [{entrant or Angle inwards. 

angle of tfje Striangle, is half (he Angle of the 

Poly gon, 

angle Of t$e Caft, (in Navigat.) that Point of 
enc uumpais wmen toe ohip fails upon. Alfo an 
Aftrological Term : See angles in AJlrology. 

angle* Of a BataHton, (in the Art of War) 
are made by the laft Men at the Ends of the Ranks 


Digitized by 


A N 

A N 

and Filei : Whence the two laft Men of the Front- 
Rank are call'd Fiont*AngIes t and the two laft 
Men of the Rear- Rank, Hear- Angles. 

In Aftrology, £Ulglr0 are taken for certain Hou- 
fes of a Scheme or Figure of the Heavens, vi%. the 
Horofcope or Firft Houfe term'd The Angle of the 
Eafi ; th* Seventh Houfe; The Angle of the Weft ; 
the Fourth Houfe, The Angle of the North ; and 
the Tenth Houfe, The Angle of the South. 

To 2rtglt<> to Fifh with an Angle, or Rod. 

gmlia, (Lot.} a Part of the Ifland of Great- 
Britain, now caM'd England. 

jangll Ctfab * Propriety of the Englijh Speech ; 
the EnglMmiy of Speaking or Writing. 

£Utgo6cTr* ^ n ^ °f P car > blufh- coloured on one 
Side, and a grainifh Ruffet on the other. 

JattqpUZfkWy (in Falconry) a fort of fmall Worms 
caft up by tick Hawks. 

angtrtfcr or anguittrterw, (l*0 a Confteiia- 

tian or Clutter of Stars in the Heavens, the Figure 
of which reprefents a Man holding a Serpent, and 
"tis faid to fore-bode a Storm, when it (ets in the 
Morning : Sec flDpWucfcllS. 

3ltJJlttHa f an Eel or Grig, a known Fifli : An- 
guilla arenaria, the Sand-Eel. 

JJtfgtiiS, a Serpent, a Snake, an Adder. 

9ngUtO)> (F^*) exceflive Grief, or Pain ; great 
Trouble ot Mind, or Body j Affliction, Diftrefs. 

janguttnww: See 3Hgtiffcr* 

Singular, belonging to, or having Angles or Cor- 

0ngulofit?, (a Philofophical Term) the Quality 
of that which has feveral Angles. 

SUtffUftttg ClatlUg, a fmall Scud or Button, fliap'd 
like the Head of a Nail, which the Jfyman Knights 
us'd to wear on a Garment, thence call'd Tunica 
angufti Clavi ; whereas the i^natours had them of 
a larger Size ; and their Coat was therefore nain'd 
Tunic* lati Clavi. } 

Sintjalttm?, Medicines which promote Refpirati- 
pn or the more eafie fetching ones Breath j fuch 
as Wound-herbs, Brimftone, ($c. 

^In^clatiOll, a Difficulty in Breathing, fljortnefs 
of Breath. 

<3nhel0t# or J&llotf, an old Law- word, fignify- 
ing that every one Ihould pay his refpe&ive Pare 
and Share, according to the Cuftom of the Coun- 

RnitttUUt, (Lat.) Anife-feeds, an excellent Re. 
medy for "Wind in the Stomach, and the Wind- 

Sfattna, (L<tf.) the Breath, the Soul, the Princi- 
ple of Life. 

#ltttna Gtommt, a fort of whitifh Gum, like 
Frankincenfe, brought from /Ethiopia, as aifo from 
(he Baft and Weft-Indies. 

antma fjcpatfe, (/ . e. the Soul of the Liver) 
a Name given by fome Chymifts to Vitriol and 
Sal Mortis, or Salt of Steel, becaufe the Difcafes 
of the Liver are cured by it. 

#nima ^aturitf, (according to fome Chymifts)' 
figniftes the Extradt of Lead. 

aamaDterfot, the Ad of Animadverting, or 
Obferving ; a ferious Confideration and Reflection 
upon any Point ; Corredlion, a Remark or Obfer- 
vation on a Book, &c. 

0ntmaOter0t)r 9 that confidcrs, or refk&s ; as 
The Animadverjwe Faculty. 

To animaDtfcrt, to bend or turn the Mind to a 
Thing, to take Notice of, to Remark or Obferve. 

&nttttal, Living, that be:ongs to Life, that has 
Life in it ; as The Animal Spirits. In Morals, Ani- 
mal is oppos'd to national. 

animal tot joar : SeeBejoar, 

a»tmal Jfaf UUV, the Ad by which a Man tx- 
ercifes Senle, Motion, and the principal Fun&ions 

of the Mind $ as Imagination, Reafoninj, Mrmc- 
ry, &c. 

Anjaitfma!, a Living- Crtatuk-e/dny .thing' \Kiz 
has Life and Senle ; as a Man,', a -tieiift,'* &ird, 

est. .-, ' ' ; < i - • :i 

ailimalCUla, '(Lot J are very tfftrft 'Ahlfcals, 
fuch as by the Microfcope havq been' (iifcoveffti fn 
ffioft Liquors, of which there a're prodigious Am- 
bers in Black-Pepper-Watcr ^ as al'fd in tyatc* 
wherein Barley, Oats, and efpectaliy Wheat has 
been fteep'd for fout or five Days. ' ^ 

To jSlUtttatr^ to give Life, Enhven ? .or Quicken ; 
to Hearten, or Encourage j to Abet, £?gfc of ;Scc 
on. L - iH'ii* 

tfntmatcfi spntutp, fo Mr. Bc>u ah f^titk} 

filver, which being impregnated or fill'd WftVfotffe 
fubtil, nimble, and fpirituous Particl^js made ca- 
pable of growing hot when mingled '^virh'GoW \ 
and fuch aifo he calls IncaUfcent Mercuries. * /- J 

aitimatCD igf fblC, is one touch 'd with a'fcoad- 
Stone. ] : \ ;u '^ 

antthStfOtt, the Supplying of an Ammai'Body 
with a Soul. Thus the Pectus, or Child Id i 'the* 
Womb is faid To come to its Animation, wKefri^ 
begins to ad like a true Living. Creature, or aflftr 
the Female that bears it is Quick. ; according to,tht 
ufual manner of Exprefllon. 

#mmf S&riiQuitim : See jSDtrtnutunr STntmt 1 '- 

antmOWr, (in Aftrol.) one of thtf" Method of 
redhfying Nativities, fo as arti'fici'aJJy to fintf ttt 
the txa& Minute afc^nding it ont'i tfirtfc l • : 

animofftp, Scoutnefs, Stonjachfulnefi, Wi!fi# 
nefs; alfo Heartburning, Hk&t'd, Grudge. l ' Vt 

0nii?:otiDentf3; See PwiBri^aoK' 

form'd by the help' of ie ^ as %-ving t6 : dra#Ae 
Arm backward and downward^ ^t is alfe tefm'd 
LatiJJImus Dorfi, i. e. the broadeft dt the B'atk frt)ni 
its Largenefs. 

what like 

for fhortnefs ot Breath ; a C6u<RV &c: 

jStafcYttl, (in Heraldrj) a ; kihd WCrofs'foV? 
Coat of Arms, the ends of which ar* fliap'dPM? 
the Flook of an Anchor. ' * ' ' , ' ' ' ' ' ' 

janlaff, (old Word) a Fafcnion or S^ord, *Atit£ 
Shape refembles a Scythe. , * r _" * 

&tm or 0rttt, (Heb.) a ChHftipivNaofe of Wo. 
men, fignifying Gracious, fujf df Mercy or (iMtir^ 
tefy. - , " '; ' ' ' x \^ 

jarmalrS, (I*0 Hiftorics,, or Chronicles f ^ 
Things done from Year to Yearl In fome ol'd* Re- 
cords, Yearlings are young Cattle of the firft 

fltonalfff, a Waiter of Annals. 

aimalS, yearly Chronicles, ^ Chronological Aci-' 
count of remarkable Paffafces ' happcnninjritf'a 
Kingdom or Common wealth fforil Year to Year : 
In this refpcA, they differ fronji'Hlftory which dc-' 
fcantsupon thofe Events, and on the Caufes that 
produce! them. 

jaimarian itato, (among xtiz ^m*ns) a ctnilti" 

Law relating to the Age in .which a Man might , 
fue for, or cxercife any Publfck Office. ' ' , 

£lUlil0, {Hb.) a High-Prieft of the $cxos, Wno_ 
fent Chritt bound to Casapbds his t athcr-in-LaW. , 

8mmoT&JmtC£i {UQ Ffrft. Fruits out of' 
Spiritual Livings, being the Value of one Year's 
Profit, anciently, paid to the Pof e, and now to the 

King. Sec irlrtMftnfoB. 

J3nnca!, a certain Commodity brought from 
Barbary, to be ufed by Dyers and Painters. 

amtcalitlff, a Staining and Baking of Glafs, *fo 
that the Colour may go quite thro* it 5 an Aft \yy 

E fame 

Digitized by 


A N 

A N 

fome Cafualty altogether loft in England, if not in 
Euro**, but lately reviv'd arid improv'd $ Annealing 
is alio a particular Way of Baking Tiles. 

To fllHCfe to unite or join one Thing to ano- 
ther, efpecially Land*, Provinces, &c. 

f3 xmft8tiO KI> the Annexing dr Uniting of Lands, 
br Rents to the Crown. 

JJjEtiflttrt, (fr. Law-word) brought to nought, 
fruftrated, or made void. 

" f o 0tint$late, (t4#.) to Bring or Turtt iny 
created Being to nothing, io Deftroy it utter- 
0tnA0ation* this A& or Annihilating. 

ami $MAlti, {Lat. Law-Phrafe) thfe Marri- 
ageable Age of a Maiden, u e. at Twelve Years ; 
before which Time fhe is faid to be infra a*mosnu~ 

anmtetferp, done Yearly at a certain Time, ot 
celebrated every Year. 

flmtftWforp SDaW, (among our Saxon Ance- 
ftours) were certain folemn Days appointed yfear- 

Sf, in Remembrance of the Death? or Martyr- 
oms of Saiiys : Alfo Days on which at the Re- 
turn of every Year, People us'd to pray for the 
Souls of their deceased friends ; which Cuftom is 
ftill in ufe among fyman-Catbolicks. 

An^nilitJCrfar?, a yearly Obit, or Service faid by 
a Popifh Ptieft, for a dead Perfon, once every Year. 

3|T110 JDotmflt, {Lat. i. e. i* the Year of oar 
Lord) is that reckoning of Time from our Savi- 
ours Birth, which with the Year of the King's or 
Queen's Reign, is commonly us'd in England, fofr 
the Date of Publick Deeds and WHtihgs. 

J3lttoit0* a Creature in America, about the Big- 
nefs of a Lizard, and of a yellowifh Skin, which 
in the Day-time is continually a prouling about 
the Cottages for Pood, and in the Night lies under 
Ground, making a great Noife. 

#IItOtatiOtt, Note, Remark, or Obfervation. 

To j9WI0P 9 (ltd.) to hurt, to prejudice, to en- 

fttmaitf*) Prejudice, Damage, Injury : See 


mom PettiMe, a Writ whereby the King ha- 
ting due to him a yearly Penflon from an Abbot or 
Prior for any of his Chaplains, us'd to demand it 
of fuch an Abbot or Prior, and required him, for 
Us Chaplain s better Aflurance to give bis Letters- 
Patent for the fame. 

flamttl, Yearly, that comes every Year. 

Snttual Urates, are fuch as come up in the 
Spring and perifti in the Winter. 

annual equating or tte wean #otf« of t|e 
iuitinariw: See equation* 

janiwalto, (in old Latin Deeds) a yearly Salary, 
or Allowance made to a Prieft, for keeping an Anni- 
Vetfary ; or otherwife, for dying continued Mafles 
one Year for the Soul of a deceafed Perfon. 

animate* JjtafCUlt, (in Anat.) a Pair of Mufcles 
feated at the Root of the Tranfverfe Vertebra of the 
Bacfeand fo nam'd by Mr. Cowper, becaufe they 
ma*t the Head nod dire&ly forwards : He alfo 
calls them HeBi interni minores, from their lying 
under the J^eSi majores. 

SUmuitV, a yearly Rent, or Income, to be paid 
for Term of Life, or Years : The main Difference 
between an Annuity and a Rent, is that the latter 
is payable out of Land ; whereas an Annuity only 
charges the Perfon of the Grantor, or his Heirs. 

To annul* to abolifh, to repeal, to make void. 

0imuIariS CarttlajfO, (Lat. in Anat.) the fe- 
cond Cartilage, or Griftle of the Larynx, or Top 
of the WincLpipe, which is encompafs'd by it, as it 
were, with a Ring. 

3nmilarte SWgttU*, the Ring-Finger, which is 
between the Middle- Finger and the Little- Finger. 

annularis &:0Cefltr6, i Bunch or Knob made 
by the Meeting of the Prodeflcs of the Medulla Ob- 
longata under the Side of it. 

annularis JP?«Ubtrantta, a certain Part of the 
Humane Brain, lying between the Chebelum and 
the two backward Prominences, or Benching out 
Parts j the fame as Annularis Procejfy/. 

3tmulCt, a little Ring, or any Thing made in 
the Shape of a Ring i In Heraldry, the Figure of 
fuch a Ring; beihg the Mark of Diftin#ion, which 
the fifth Brother of any Family tifually bears in his 
Coats of AhnS I Annulets are alfo Part of the Coat- 
Armbqr of feveral good Families. 

in Ardiite&ure, 3mtutetS are fmall fquare Parts 
turn'd about in the Corinthian Capital under the 
Echinus, or Quarter-Round * Alfo certain fquare 
Members put upon the Dortcl^ Chapiter, above thfe 
fourth Part of the Oval. 

To annumerate, to put into the Number. 

Annunciation, the Delivery of a Meffage : The 
Word )& peculiarly apply'd to the Feftival com- 
monly caXCd. Lady- Day, kept yearly March 2$, in 
Reniembrante of the Meffage conceriiin£ otir Savi- 
our's Birth, brought by the Angel Gabriel, to the 
Bleffed Virgin Mary. 

S!ns&pn?, (Gr) that ferves to affwage, eafe, or 
quite take away Pain. 

jftnODPnCft, Medioines ufed for that Purpofe : 
They are alfo fometimes calfd Paragoricks, from 
the Comfort and Quiet that they procure to the 

SLtWt, (Gr.) Madnefs, a Lofs of the Facultiei 
of Imagination and Judgment. 

&nmnal0U& that is out of Rule, Irregular, Unl 
equal, Unlike : In Grammar, there are four kinds 
of . Anomalous Nouns, viz, Heterogeneal, Hetero- 
cliies, Difficsents, and t\edundants : Which fee un- 
der thofe Words. 

j3nOHtalp> (in Grammar) an Irregularity in the 
Conjugations of Verbs or Dedenfions of Noun*, 
when they do not follow the common Rule. A- 
mong Aftronomers, ft is taken for an Inequality 
or Unlikelinefs in the Motions of the Planets ; as 
alfo fometimes for the Argument of the Irregularity, 
and the Equation which fhould adjuft it. 

The Crue or equal animal? or a JManrt, is an 

Arch of the Eccentrick, comprehended between 
the true Place and the Apogaunu 

The $ean Zmmlv of tlje pm or other jpia* 

net, fin the old Aftronomy) is an Arch of the Eclip- 
tick* Detween its mean Place and its Apogee. 

The $ean, or equable anomal? of a fManet, 

(iq the new Aftron.) is the Area contain 'tf under 
a certain Line drawn from the Sun to the Ptaner 9 
and fo call'd, becaufe this Area increafes equably, 
or in Proportion to the Time of the Planet s Revo- 
lution round the Sun in the Focus, or Navel-point 
of the Elliptical Figure. 

The $e an fltaomalp of tlje Center, (in the pto. 

lemaick* Theory) is an Arch of the Zodiack of the 
Primum Mobile, terminated by the Line a Apfidum, 
and by the Line of the Mean Motion of the Center. 

The Crue anotnal? of tfte Center, is the fame 

Arch of fhe Zodiack, bounded by the Line of the 
Apfes $ and by that of the true Motion of the Cen- 

AlOmal? Of tlje 0D?btt, is the Arch, or Diftanee 
of a Planet fram its Aphelion. 

^nOtnoeOmereO, (in Philcj!) that which confifts 
of feveral and different Particles. 

jElnontfc the Herb Commock, or Reft-barrow, 
the Root of which fteep'd in Wine provokes Urine, 
and drives out Gravel. 

^mttutlt, the Nettle without Sting, Dead-Ncc- 
tle, or Archangel. 

ftnontfttOim, that is without a Name, Namelef*. 


Digitized by 


A N 

A N 

3,nonpntOU&> chat is without a Name, Name- 

3nonpmOUS pPtrtt, (in Cbymiflrj) a kind of 
Spine that may be feparated from Tartar and fe- 
deral forts of Wood ; the fame as Adiaphorous, or 
Neutral Spirit ; which fee. 

£ilOpfia, a vyant of Sight, or BlindnWs. 

SLWltViZ, a want of Appetite, a* Loathing of 
Meat, occasioned by an ill Difpofition of the Sto- 

anoyance, J&opfancc, or j&ofan#, (Law-term) 

any Hurt or Damage done to * PubHck Place, as 
a High-way, Bridge, &c. Or rp a private one by 
Encroachment, by laying any Thing that may 
breed Infe&ion, ,or otherwife. 

j3nf#* (Lot.) the Ear pr Handle of a Cup, Pot, 
or Jug i any Thing to bold by : Among Aftro- 
uomers, Anf<e or Anfcs are takea for the various 
Pofitions of the Ring of Saturn, becaufe they 
fometimes appear like Handles to the Body of that 
Planet. See Hjng of Saturn. 

janfektorijrtt. See jaunceWorig^t. 

anfelm, (Germ.) a proper Name of Men, fig- 
nifying, Defence of Authority. 

#8ftprfa&r. See H'anccwfaBe. 

SUtiff, (Lat.) the Goofe or Gander, a Water- 
Fowl. Anjer Baffianus, the Solan Goofe, which 
breeds in an Ifland on the Coaft of Scotland, calld 
the B*fs. 

£btfettna ? wild Tanfcy, or Silver-weed, an Herb 
that Geete iecd upon. 

EttftoCtablf, that is obliged to anfwer for a 
Thing, accountable 5 alfo that has fomc relrtion to 
a Thing proportionable. 

antacljatea, (Gr.) a precious Scone of the Agate 
kind, which being burnt fmclls like Myrrh. 

3t!tag0tttft, one that ftrives for ttie Maftcry 
againft, or out-vies another, one that in Diiputati- 
on or Arguing oppofes another. 

Sintagontfla or attagonift, (inAnat.) is taken 
for a Mutele of an oppolite Situation, or contrary 
Quality : As the Abdu&or and the Adduclor, of the 
Cubitus ; the former ferving to pull back the Arm, 
and the other to ftretch it out. 

#!«aitaclafi0, (i.e. a reflecting or beating back) 
a Rhetorical Figurre, when a Word fpoken in one 
Senfe is handfomcly turn'd to another ; as A Gen* 
tleman being told tljat bis Son waited for bis Death, 
and the Son denying it, the Father reply'd, / would 
have wu wait for it, (long enough) he meant. 

jamanagOge-) properly a going forth to meet 
the Enemy, a producing on* the contrary Side : 
In Hbecoricb a Figure, when not bing able to 
anfwer the Adversary's Accufation, we return the 
Charge, by loading him with the fame Crimes. 

aritaptyuftttlCfea, Medicines that are us'd againft 
the French Pox. 

SlrttaiHKfja, the Counter-pare of a Deed, or Wri- 
ting ; a Counter-bond. 

JSntapaWrffo, a returning or repaying on the 
other Side, or by Turns : In I$etoricl{ y the Coun- 
ter-part or latter Claufe of a Similitude, anfwer-. 
ing the former : Thus, As the Soil is imprcvd by 
Hilling, fo the Mind is mere refirid, and rendered more 
fuhlime by good Difcipline. 

antarctiCtt, ( in Aftrcn. ) as The AntarBick Psle, 
i. e. the South Pole,* or End of the Axis of the 
World, fo caird from its being oppofite to the 
ArBick. or North Pole. 

0ntanttCfe CirrleS, one of the leffer Circles of 
the Globe or Sphere, which is defcribed 23 De- 
grees and a half from the AntarBick. or South Pole. 
See ArBick and Polar Circles. 

9t1tare&} the Scorpions-Heart, a fixed Star of the 
firft* Magnitude, in the Conftellation Scorpio ; its 
Longitude being 45 Degr. 13 Min. Latitude 4 Deg. 
i*j Min. 

J3martj)?tttcfef, Remedies good againft the 

flntaftijmatiCfes, Medicines againft the TnFick 
or Shortness of Breath. 

SltlteamblilO, (Lat.) a Sergeant of the Mace to 
a Prince, or Verger or Gentleman-Uflier. 

&nttCttMtCt 3 Among Aftronomers, a Planet is 
faid To be in Antecedentia, pr in Antecedence, 
when it appears to move contrary to the ufual 
Courfe or Order of the Signs of tht %odiac^; as 
wnen it moves from Taurus towards Aries : But 
if it proceed from Aries to Taurus, and fo to Ge- 
mini, &c. They fay, it goes in Confequentia, or 
in Confeauetice. 

JritCCCfcf lit, -going before in Time, fore-going. 
3lltf C eOcnC ^tjjn*, (in the Art of PbyficlO fuch 
Signs or Caufcs as are obferved before a Difeafe ; 
as An ill Difpofition of the Pancreaticl^ juise or of the 
Cboler is the Caufe of many Difeafes. 

The JghttCCCfcent, (in Grammar) is that Word 
which the Relative refers to ; fee j\elative : In La- 
gicl^ it is the former Parr of the Syllogifm or Ar- 
gument. Sec Conditional Propojitions. 

anteCrtntt Of tfte Keafot, (in Mathematics) 
is the firft Term of Comparison in a Proportion, 
or that which is compar'd to another. Thns if 
the Reafon or Proportion were of the Quantity 
A toB, or of the Number 4 to 8 ; A or 4 is the" 
Antecedent, and B or ft the Confequent of that 

anteCCflOJ, (Lat.) one that goes before. In the 
Homan Law, the Prepof&flbur of an Eftate, or the 
Predcceflbur in an Office, 

SbttfCUtfO?, a Fore-runner, a Scour, a Dra- 
goon ; one ot the Forlorn Hope that rode before 
the Army. 

#HtfDatf, an older Date than it ought to 

To 9ttt£&a&, to Date a Letter, cr other Wri- 
ting before the Time. 

jSntCtttlutHCrit, belonging to the Time before 
Koalas Ficod ; as the Antediluvian Earth, i. e. the 
Earth that then was, before it was deftroy'd by the 

StttC&tlOliattg, thofe Generations from Adam 
that were before the Fiood ; as thofe fince defen- 
ded from Noah, are call'd Poft-PUuvians. 

jSntftttCrttrtan, belonging to the Tirne before 
Noon or Mid- day. 

ametnettcte, (Gr.) Medicines that are given 
againft Vomiting * 

£ntcitantto6** See tiftiauttofi& 

0ntCUDCtFi&> (a Term in PbyficlQ a contrary In- 
dication, Symptoms, or Sign, forbidding that to 
be us'd which appear'd to be proper by a former 
Indication : Thus abundance of ill Juice in the 
Blood requires Purging, (3c. But the Weaknels 
of the Patient may forbid it. 

anttpafl, (Lat.) a Fore-tafte. 

antCpfHUlttma, fin Grammar) the third Sylla- 
ble of a Word, beginning to count from the iaft. 

j3HtCp#Dicamil1tS, fin Lo^ick) Things neceffary. 
to be^ known before-hand, for the bctier Under- 
ftanding of the Predicaments ; as Definitions of 
Univocal, Equivocal, and Demon ftrativeTerms,££c. 

2rttmfcC£, f Gr. in Archited. ) Buttreffes fet 
againft the Walls, to uphold or bear up the Build- 

#ntcr05, a precious Stone, the beft fort of Ame- 

j3nteJB, (Lat.) the Fore Ranks, or outmoft 
Ranks of Vines : In Architecture, Pillars or huge 
Stcnes fet to undcr-prop the Front of a Houfe ; 
alfo fquare Pilafters, which the Ancients us'd to 
place at the Corners of the Walls of their Tem- 

P les - ~ 

E 2 0Htt< 

Digitized by 


A N 

A N 

filttCftatUrr* (F>. in Fortif.) a Traverfe or (mail 
Incrcnchment made of PatUladees, or of Sacks fiU'd 
with Earth, and rais'd in hafte, to difpute the reft 
of the Ground, when the Enemy has already gain- 
ed pare. 

dnttjaltum, (Gr.) a kind of Apple growing in 
the Sandy Places ef Egypt, about the Bignefs of a 
Medlar, and anciently us'd in Second Courfes. 

2tm\jetim, a fort of Medlar-tree, with a Flow- 
er like that of an Almond- tree ; the Fruit delicious 
and lafting. 

SntljeltF, (in Anat.) the Protuberance or Knob 
of the Ear, or the inward Brink of the outward 
Ear, being a Semi-circle within the HMx % and 
almoft parallel to it. 

J3nt^elmtnttcb0, Medicines that deftroy Worms 
in Humane Bodies. 

&ntfffttf, an Hymn or Spiritual Song fung in 
Divine Service in fevetal Part*, efpecially in Ca- 
thedral ahd Collegiate Churches. 

JOlttfrmfe, the Herb Camomile. 

&ttt$tt&) the yellow Seeds in the Middle of a 
Rofe ; alfo a Salve of a Bright Orient Colour ; al- 
fo a kind of Medicine for fore Mouths. 

Among Herbalifts, Sti&iptx, are taken for 
chofe little Knobs that grow on the Tops of the 
Stamina of Flowers, and are oftener call'd Apices ; 
which See. 

ftlttfjolog?, a Difcourfe or Treatlfe of Flowers, 
or of the Florift's Art ; alfo a choice Colle&ion of 
Epigrams or Sentences, 

aitt^mtariS, an Order of Religious Perfons fet 
up by the Egyptian Monk St. Anthony f about A. C. 

#ttt!jOnp, a Proper Name of Men, which in 
Greek, Signifies flourifhing. 

St. 0nt|onp'^jfire, a kind of Swelling full of 
Heat and Rednefs. 

#ntftttyPBi, (Gr.) a large fort of Cloves. 

a*tt§0?* or jantit^a, a Counter-poifon to 
Tbera or Wolfs-bane, which is of a venomous 

0lttlptCfte0, a precious Stone, in which appear, 
as it were, Sparks of Fire. 

3m!).iaCflff8a>CttIi, a Scaly Eating Ulcer in the 
•ye, accompany'd with a general Swelling, efpe- 
cially of thofc Parts. 

ja«jjj«r, a Coal, a Live-Coal ; a Carbuncle 
or precious Stone like a Burning-Coal, a kind of 
Ruby : Alfo a Carbuncle-Swelling, othefwife 
call'd Carho and Prima that arifes in feveral Parts, 
fnrrounded with fiery, fhafp, and painful Pimples ; 
which cannot be brought to run with Matter, but 
turn to an Ulcer that looks as if it were burnt with 
a hot Iron. 

&lt&tttlt0 or aWfBifctinf, an Herb like wild 
Chervil, but having its Leaves fomewhat thin- 


0ntf)?epQlogp, a Difcourfe or Defcription of 
Man, or of a Man's Body. 

jatlt|lWflmmp|{te«, a St£t of Hereticks that ap- 
peared in Egypt, A. C. 39j, and were fo call'd from 
their chief Tenet, vif. That God had a Bodily Shape. 

^t1t^pomO2^U0, the Mandrake, a fort of 

$ntltt0popatl)t>, (a Term in Divinity) a being 
endued with the Paflions or Affcdions of Men. 

9flttyj0popbagi, Men-Eaters, Savage People that 
e*t Man's Flelh ; fuch are thofe of Scytbid and 
feveral Parts of America. 

ZntbUft or JflOJU^ the neighing Bird, a fmall 
Bird that feeds upon Flowers, and imitates the 
Neighinj? of a Horfe* 

SUlti)PRion, an Herb like a Lentil, which being 

. m Wine, frees the Bladder from Stoppages, 
drunK nC b c$ 3i ood# 


ai1tt)PR!0, an Herb like Ground-Ivy. 

illlt^PpnOticfeB, Medicines that hinder Sleep. 

jailltpppOC^OIlBjiara, Remedies againft the Difea- 
fes of the Hypochondria. 

0ltt&ppopf)a?3, a Rhetorical Figure, in which 
the Insinuations or Obje<ftions that the Adverfary 
may make are fairly anfwer'd. 

^m^fltrirbfi, Medicines good againft the Fits 
of the Mother. 

flnti0DC0, the Glandules or Kernels, commonly 
call'd the Almonds of the Ears j or an Inflamma- 
tion in thofe Parts. 

ailtiapJjJOlrftfctoi Medicines that allay the Heat 
of Luft. 

&ntiarti#ittC&*, Remedies againft the Gout. 

3rtrtbaCC^U6, a Foot in Greek, and Latin Verfe* 
confifting of the two firft Syllables long, and * 
third (horr, as niturl, 

jSntiballOttUna, Medicines that are of an equal 
or like Strength. 

#ltttcacbCCticfe$> Remedies that corre<a the ill 
Difpofition of the Blood. 

JottticarDium, a hollow Part irt the Breaft above 
the Region o r Place of the Heart ; the Heart-pic, 
or Pit of the Stomach. 

&nticeUttttIt, an Herb, otherwife call'd SLttfyVb 
IfOit, which fee. 

dnticbamhtr, an Apartment in a Houfe before 
the principal Chamber, where Strangers are firft 
admitted, a Withdrawing-r«om. 

ZttttyltflB, (Gr. in the Civil-Law) a Mortgage 
or Pawn, left for the Creditor to ufe 'till the Debt 
be paid. 

#ntfr&2H!, an Adverfary to Chrift, a Seducer 
that purs himfelf in Chrift's Room and Stead. 

anttf fjtftoneSj the fame as atltipODTO h which fee." 

To Anticipate, (Lat.) to take up before-hand, or 
before the time ; to prevent, to fere~ftall. 

JlntfrtpStiOtl, the Ad of Anticipating. 

2ntiCfcn*mttim, (Gr.) the Fore-part of the 

jlitttCb, a Piece of Antiquiry : Alfo a Buffoon; 
or Juggler \ at He is a meer Antick, 

SnttcfeB or antirtttBO:k, (in Painting or Carv- 
ing) a Device of feveral odd Figures or Shapes of 
Men, Beafts, Birds, Fifties, Flowers, &c. that are 
rudely form'd one out of another, according to the 
Artificer's Fancy, and afford a grateful Variety to 
the Beholder's Eye. 

To jDatire 3nttcb0, is to dance like a Jack-pud- 
ding, after an odd and ridiculous manner. 

anttCOiica, (Gr.) ^Remedies againft the Cho- 

a«toaCtpIU|oraittq«!I, a Foot in Verfe, con- 
trary to a Dacftyl, and confifting of the two firft 
Syllables fhort, and the laft long ; as pfe\as. 

antttJtCOmarian^ a fort of Hereticks that were 
againft the Virgin Mary. 

flntilrfniCa, Medicines againft Dizzinefs of the 

flffiiBOte, a Remedy againft deadly Poifon, a 
Counter-poifon ; as Mithridate, Treacle, Orvie- 
tan. 8cc. 

^ntttjpftfttttlca^ Medicines that are effectual 
againft the Dyfentery, or Bloody- Flux. 

#nttCttUttChfi, Remedies that ftop Vomiting. 

flntfep«q*itta or amirptleptrfb #£ttctae*, 

fuch as are good againft the Falling-Sicknefs. 

janriptltpttfb (t\iXiV 9 a Spirit of the Humane 
Head, mingled with an equal Quantity of Spirit 
of Wine, in which Opium has been diflblv'd : It 
is good for the Apoplexy, Falling.fickncls, Scurvy, 
and feveral other Difeafes. 

anttbffttfb^ Remedies againft a Hedick Fe- 
ver, or Confumption. 

Digitized by 


A N 

A N 

amtycmcHitt poterii or Jupiter's SWapfcojeticfc, 

a Chymical Medicine made ot a Mixture of Tin 
with the Martial Heguhts of Antimony, and fixed 
by Salt-petre. 

#ffltlfl?t>Wtltft0, Medicines chat drive away 

antt^?VOCt)0tO?iacb«5 Remedies us'd againft the 
Hypochondriack Melancholy. 
antilcetnira, Medicines againft the Plague. 
3lttitasarit^m, (in Trigonometry) the Comple- 
ment of the Logarithm of any Sine, Tangent, or 
Secant, to 90 Degrees. 

janrflOjJta or jamtlMP, a Contradiction between 
any Patiages, or Words in an Author. 

j3ltttl0|Kh * Mungrel Beaft, having wreathed 
Horns, which is engendered of a Hart and a Goat, 
ilntimttrtcal, that is contrary to the Nature 
and Order o.f Metre or Verfe. 

3ntimirta, a Figure in Rhetorick, when one 
Part of Speech is put for another. 

3t1tttmtab0le, a Rhetorical Figure, when Words 
are repeated in the fame Sentence, in a different 
Cafe, Tenfe, or Perfon ; as Non ut edam vivo, fed 
ut vivam edo. 

SJffitmetaffafijB, a Trandating or Changing t» 
the contrary Part. 

Sltttittitmtt^A, that is againft Monarchy, or 
Kingly Government. 

£ntitttOntlUn, Antimony a Mineral, confirming 
of a Sulphur like common Briraitone, and of a 
Subftance which comes near that of Metals : It is 
fometimes call'd the fyd-Lyon by Alchymifts, and 
fometimes the Philofofbef s-Wolf ; becaufc it turns 
Red, and confumes all Metals except Gold. 

#Mtmmtium SDia^Ctitum, a Chymical Me- 
dicine made of one Part of Antimony and three of 
Salt-petre, powder 'd, mix'd together, and prepar'd 
according to Art ; fo that its Sulphurs are fix'd by 
the Salt-petre, and hinder'd from working other- 
wife than by Sweat : The Dofe is from fix or eight 
Grains to thirty. 

#nttmonium 3$£tncanuntQCum, is a Preparation 
confining of 5 Ounces of Antimony, 1 Ounce of 
Salt of Tartar, and 4 Ounces of Saltpetre Fluxed 
together into a Regulus, which is afterwards re- 
due'd to Powder and wafh'd. 

ktttimmium ftefufcttati;m, is made of equal 

Parts of Antimony and Sal-Armoniacl^ fublimed 
together three times ; then the Sublimate is to be 
wafti'd with Diftill'd Vinegar warm, to get out the 

jatttt«ft>ti2mcHs or amtortjfttek 9&tWim*y 

fuch as are good againft Diftempers of the Reins, 
or the Stone in the Kidneys. 

#ttttttontifl> the Repugnance, or Contrariety 
between two Laws. 

JJntUlOmtart*, a Se& of People that hold the 
keeping of Muftis Law to be unprofitable, and 
that there is no Sin in Children : They began to 
appear fomewhat above 100 Years ago, and had 
one John Ifebius a German for their Ring-leader. 

0nttOCl>, a City of J;r/i, where the Difciples 
were firft called Chriftians. 

j3ntiOC|)U0, the Name of the feveral Kings of 
Syria that fucceeded Alexander the Great. 

attticoeri* See fttttxCL 

amtWglWflta, (Lat. in ArchitcB.) the Garnifh- 
ings of Pofts or Pillars. 

0ntlparaOafi0, a Rhetorical Figure, when one 
grants what the Adverfary fays, but denies his Infe- 

^llfttiUfid, the Revujfion or Drawing-back of a 
Difeafe, when Humours that flow into fome one 
Part, are turn'd back again and fore'd to take 
fome other Courfe, by opening a Vein in a remore 
Parr, &c. 

aittlpatft, (/. e. inftead of, or againft a Father) 
a proper Name of feveral Men, particularly of 
one of Alexander the Great s Captains and Suc- 
cefTours, and of Herod's Father, Governour of the 

ZmipatyV, a Contrariety ef Natural Qualities 
betwixt fome Creatures and Things ; a Natural 
Averfion ; In a Phyfical Senfe, a Contrariety of 
Humours in the Body, or of Medicines. 

flntfomtfum, (Lat.) a large Silvcr-skreen that 
covers the Front ot a Popifh Altir in fome Church- 
es, and is hanged on with Screws upon a Fcftival- 

amitmrifialttefc fltottOtl^ an irrejmlar Motion of 
the Guts from the Bbttom to the Top, contrary to 
their Natural Courfe. 

awfpfllflato, (in Pbilif.) the Encounter, or 
Combat between two contrary Qualities joyn'd to- 
gether, by which means their Force and Vigour is 
encreas'd : Thus Heat or Cold when befet with its 
contrary Quality, is rendered much more intenfc 
and violent ; whence Springs are faid to be hotteft 
in Winter, or cold Weather ; and Lime grows hot 
by pouring cold Water on it, fife. 

ftlttifiipraiacuftf, a Remedy againft Poifon, or 
againft any Difeafe. 

&l1ttf>(0tlf> a Singing by Way of Anfwers, when 
one Side of the Choir fings one Verfe, and the 
other another 

3ntfpj$fi£, a Grammatical Figure, when a 
Word has a Meaning contrary to the Original 
Senfe -, alfo a Figurative Speech, that has a contra- 
ry Meaning to what it carries in Appearance. 

^ttttp^C|rtfica 9 Medicines againft a Confumption, 
or Phthifick. 

0ntrpIrurttiCUm, a Remedy againft the Pletf- 

Bnttpofi&grita, Medicines proper for the Gout; 

#ntfp0DeB, (in Geog.) thofe Inhabitants of the 
Earth who live in oppofite Parallels of Latitude, 
and under the oppofite Half of the fame Meridian 5 
and go with their Feet dire&ly oppofite one to 
another : So that they have their Summer and 
Winter, their Noon and Midnight, as alfo the Ri- 
fing and Setting of the Stars, quite contrary one to 

Stttfpope, a falfe Pope fet up by a particular Fa- 
ction, againft one that is duly cholen. 

tfrtttptoflfl, a Grammar- Figure, when one Cafe 
of a Noun is put for another. 

antip?rriH)icum or j9mippretitum, a Medicine 

that aHays Heat in Fevers. 

#t1ttquarti, (Lat.) certain Secretaries, who 
were appointed by the fyman Emperours, to Co- 

fy out old Books, in order to tranfmit them to 

#mtquartanariu«t or antiquarttum, a Reme- 
dy againlt a Quartan-Ague. 

9rtttquatP, one that is well skill'd in, or applies 
himlelf to the Study of Antiquity. 

To jantiquatf, to Abolifli, Repeal, or make 

aitttrrtltaai or fllwrrltfriWT, the Herb Calves- 
Snout, or Snap. Dragon. 

anrtfabbatittaWi, a Se&of Hereticks that deny 
the Sabbath. 

#nttfrir, (in Geogr.) People that live in fuch 
Parts of the World, that their Shadows are caft 
contrary at Noon ; as thofe on the South Side of 
the EquinoAial, with refpedt to us on the North 
Side of t^at Line. 

jSttttfCtoilB, (in Aflrol) certain Degrees in the 
Qdiackj, anfwering one to another. And Antifri- 
on-Signs are thofe which with Reference to each 
other, are equally diftant from the two Tropical 
Signs Cancer and Capricorn - y fo that a Pianet in fuch 

a Sradcn, 

Digitized by 


A N 

A O 

A P 

a Station, is (aid to caft its Antifcion, i. e. to give 
Virtue, or Influence to another Star or Planet, that 
is in the oppofite Sign. 

^ImifCOZbUticto, (L<*>0 Medicines againft the 

jantUCOZODon, (Gr.) a kind of Garlick, call'd 
alfo Allium Cyprium and Vlficum. 

dnttfigtttfj a Note or Mark in the ancient Wri. 
tings, where the Order of the Verfes is to be 
chan^'d ; a Sigma revers'd C <r ) ^ 

janttftp||iflC8 or flntifO*l)tffa 5 a Counter-5ophi- 
fter, one that Difputes on the contrary Part, that 
Argues and Declaims againft another. - 

artttfpafnt0trtcfc8, Medicines againft the Cramp, 
Shrinking of the Sinews, ar Convulfions. 

0nttfWftiCUItl, a revulfive Remedy, that turns 
Diftempers to orher Parts. 

3nttfp3ftUfc a Foot in Greek or Latin Verfe, 
confifting of the firft Syllable ftiort, the fecond and 
third long, and the'fourth fhort, as Slexindfcr. 

2flttfpQM or antifoOtrfa, fuch Drugs as have the 
fame Operation that Spodium has, and are us'd in- 
ftead of it ; a kind of Medicinal Afhes made of 
certain Herbs. 

aitttflceC&Ott, (/• e> a Changing of Letters) a 
Term in Grammar, when one Letter is put for ano- 
ther ; as Promufcis for Probofcis ; where the Confo- 
hant m is put for b, and the Vowel u for o. 

3tittftr01$?* («. *• turning on the contrary Side) 
a Figure in Bfietorickj when a Turn or Change is 
made between two Terms that have Dependance 
one on another ; as if one lhould fay, The Servant 
of the Majler^ or the Majier of the Servant. In 
ancient Stage- Plays it fignifies the Turning of the 
Chorus, or Choir the contrary Way ; the Strophe, 
or firft Turn of the Singers, being on one Side of 
the Stage, and the Antitropbc, or Counter-turn on 
the other. 

#ntttaflj, an Extending on the contrary Side, 
Relu&ancy, Refiftance : In Anatomy, an oppofite 
placing of Parts in the Body, as that of the Liver 
and Spleen. 

#ltttt|)ntar, one of the Mufcles that ferve to 
ftretch out the Thumb. 

3ntfttefi&> a fetting one Thing againft another ; 
.Opposition : In E^hetoricl^ a kind of Flouritti when 
Contraries are ingenioufly opposed to Contraries in 
the fame Period; or Sentence ; fo that the Excel- 
lence of one, and the Evil or Vanity of the other 
may more plainly appear. 

atltitragUS, (in Anat.) a little Knob in the Ear, 
feated at the lower End of the Antbelix, and oppo- 
fite to the Tragus -, which fee. 
. antttrimtarian^ a Se<a of Hereticks, who de- 
ny the Trinity of the Three Divine Perfons in the 

#ittttl?pe, (a Term in Divinity) an Example, or 
Copy, like the Pattern j as the Sacrament of the 
Lard's- Supper is with Refpe& to the fewi/h Paffo- 
vcr, or as the San&uary is faid To be an Antitype of 
Heaven, Heb. 9. 24. 

jamttetierrtl, as Amivenereal Medicines, i. e . 
fuch as are proper for rooting out the French Pox. 
, 9 SbttUt, a Term us'd among Hunters ; fo the 
Start, or Branch in a Deer's Attire, next the Head 
is call'd the Brow-Aniler, and the next above that 
the Be^- antler. 

SUtfCCOtO? ( among Farriers ) a round Swelling 
about half as big as one's Fift, which breaks out 
in the Breaft of a Horfe, over-againft the Heart. 

aittoeCi or gnfioeCt, (Gr. in Geogr.) thofe Inha- 
bitants of the Earth who live under the fame Me- 
ridian, but oppofite Parallels : So that they dwell 
in the fame Zpne and the fame Climate, but under 
different Poles, and have Noon and Midnight at 
the fame Time, but different Seafons 5 it being 

Winter with one, whilft it is Summer with the 

3ntoman& See ftnttymm. 

Shttoriomafia, a Rhetorical Figure, whereby in- 
ftead of a Proper Name, an Appellative or Common 
one is put ; as The Pkilcfrpber inftead of At iftotle, 
the Apcfile inftead of St. Paul: Alio when the pro- 
per Name of one Perfon or Thing is apply 'd to 
feveral others, or on the centrary, the Name of 
feveral Things to one : Thus any voluptuous Per- 
fon is call'd a Sardanapalus, and any. cruel Man a 
Nero, in regard thai thofe Princes were tranfeen- 
dantly noted for Diflblutenefs and Cruelty. 

Antrum, (Lat.) a Caye or Den : In ah Anato- 
mical Senfe, it is taken by Dr. fViUis, for the Begin* 
ning of the. Pylorus, or lower Mouth of the Sto» 
mach where its Coats are thickeft. 

SUfiSilj a well known Too), on which Smiths and 
other Artificers Forge their Works. . 

3Kifing^3rfbtl ? a kind of Anvil with two Nooks 
or Corners, us'd by Gold-fmiths or Silver-fmiths in 
Rounding any Piece of Metal. 

j3mi0 9 (Lat. in Anat.) the end of the Inteftinum 
He8um, or ftraight Gut, confifting of three MuP 
cles, vi%. two call'd the Levator**, which ftretch 
out and widen the Fundament, in order to dis- 
charge the Excrements, ond one nam'd the 
Sphin&er, which (huts it up and keeps it fo : Al- 
fo a Cavity or hollow Part in the Brain, which ari- 
fes from the four Trunks of the Spinal Marrow : 
Some alfo take it for the ,Skin that goes over the 
Navel, which when wrinkled is a Sign of old 

attfoealtb (Sax!) Authority. 

tfnjrfetp, {L*t.) Anguifh, Vexation, Sorrow; 
Heavinels, or great Trouble of Mind.- 

gmlOllS, fad, forrowfol, carefn], doubtful, 
thoughtful, much concerned. 

&nP&?0t!f {Gr.) a fort of Herb which makes 
thofe thirfty that tafte it. 

30?tft> (in Grammar, /. r. Indefinite) the Name 
of two Tenfes of the Greek Verbs, which fignify a 
great Uncertainty of Time, vi%. a Thing a doing, 
or already done, lately or long fince -> alfo fome- 
times that is to be done. 

&02t3 9 (in Anat.) the great Artery which pro- 
ceeds from the left Ventricle of the Heart, beats 
continually, anddiftriburcs Blood to the whole Bo- 
dy for Nourifhmeiu. See Arteria Aorta. 

0pa$Jtlta 5 (Gr. in Surge?}) the thrufting of a 
Bone or other Part out of its proper Place. 

3»3ff0ffical fDunoaftrattOn*, ( in Logick ) are 
fuch as do not prove the Thing dircdtly, but Diew 
the Impoflibility and Abfurdity that arifes from 
denying it ; and therefore it is ufually termed He- 
du&io ad impcJJibU) nut ad abfurdum. 

tfparcttas, the North-Wind. 

#P3FU1£, Cleavers or Goofe-Grafs, an Herb good 
againft the KingVEvi!, Jaundice, Stone, &c. 

j3$3rtit!Httj that Part of a great Houfe where 
one or more Perfons lodge feparately by them- 

&P&tyV) (Gr.) a being abfolutely void of Paffr . 
ons, or Affedions. 

jawllOtS, the South-Esft Wind. 

3Ptpfia, a want of Digeftion, a bad Digeftion 
or Rawncfs of Stomach. 

j9V(t 9 (Lat.) a Wild-Boar, alfo the Sea-Boar, 
a Fim. 

Spates 10a!wb:am Keettis, (in Anat.) a Muf- 

cle fo call'd from its ftraight Progrefs and Ufe : 
It arifes from theJeepcft Part of the Orbit of the 
Eye, near the Place where the Optick Nerve is fenc 
forth, and pafllng directly over the Mufculus Attol- 
lens, is inferted to the whole upper Parr of the up- 
per Eye-lid. 

Digitized by 


A P 

A P 

Stfrietttf*, Aperitives, Medicines that are of 
an opening Quality, particularly fuch as open the 
Paffages that are ftopc up in the fmatt Veffels, 
Glands, or Pores, and by that Means promote a 
due Circulation of the Juices contained in them. 

flWttlO i90Jtariim, (Lat.L e. an Opening of 
the Gates) a lerm w'd by Aftrologers, to fignify 
fome great and manifeft Change of the Air, upon 
cerain Configurations, or Meetings of the Planets 

apcttura, ( in Arckitea. ) an Aperture, littl*< 
Hole, or Paflage in a Building. 

£pcrttira JFeilW, (in the Civil-Uw) the Lofs of 
a Feudal Tenure, by Default of Iflue of him, to 
whom the Feude, or Fee was firft given, or grant- 

3|«rtliraCalmIanim, the Breakinfrup of one's 
laft Will and TeftamenT 

3*tttUr?, (in fome Writers of Geometry) the In- 
clination, or Leaning of one Right-line towards 
another, which meet in a Point and make an An- 
gle. It is fa call'd, as being the Opening of the 
Legs of the Angle, like thofe ef a Joynt-Rule. 

/JSLSESF' ?*!P!*?* is the Hok next » Ac 

Objed-Glafsof a Telefcope, or Microfcope, thro* 
which the Light and Image of the Objed comes 
into the Tube or Pipe, and is convey *d thence to 
the Eye. 

^PTtatoUfiifWwrs or fMantt, (among Herba- 
h&s) are fuch as want the fine colour^ Leaves of 
Flowers, which they call PetaU. Thefe Flowers 
areotherwife termed Stmninew, and are reckoned 

9mt> (L*tJ the Top, Point; higheft Pitch, or 
nppermoft and fliarneft Part of any Thing. In 
Gemmtry, the Top of a Cone, or fuch like Figure 
which ends in a (harp Point. ' 

aetata or #*&*«, {Gr.) a kind of Pulfe, the 
wild Vetch. 

ZpfetttiBj a Taking away : In Gr*rnmar t a 
Figure that takes away a Letter or Syllable from 
the Beginning of a Word ; as ruit for etuit. Virg. 

apWwn or allium, (in Aftrm) that Point 
of any Planets Orbit in which it is the fartheft 
Diftant from the Sun, that it can ever be ; as Pe- 
HMion is the Point wherein it is at its neaitft Di- 

ZptytX, the Name of a Planet, otherwife call'd 
Hylech, which Aftrologcrs take to . be the.GiVcr or 
Difoofer of Life in a Nativity. 

apbtttral^ belonging to that Planet. 

aiioilfm, a notable Definition, an eminent, but 
fliort Remark j a general Maxim, or Rule in any 
Art or Science, particularly fuch a one as is experi. 
enced for Truth, or relates to Practice. ■ 
_ £t»fcoWfia $fgf nttw, a mad and violent Love- 
Faffion in Maids. 

Slppon, a kind of Poppey, a Flower. 

apfcoratnmt, a fort of Salt-peter. 

|piljfflj?«am, a kind of great Gadick. 

HlfWW, the Thrnfli, especially in ChUdren : 
certain Wheals, Ulcers, or Pimples about the in- 
ward Parts of the Mouth; as alfo about the Sto- 
mach and Guts, which when come to the Height, 
tall off by Piece-meals, and are often accmnpany'd 
with a Fever, in thofe of riper Years. 

apjlpa, a kind of Fifh, which being fet on the 

fire, 1$ boird in an Inftant j a Groveling* a Mt- 

now, or Peel j a Leach, or Pink : See fl»ua. 

a *W» {Lot.) a Place, or Court where Bees 
*K kept. 

2ftaflra, a Bird that eats Bees, call'd, a Mid- 
wal, or Martinet. 

atoftrum, an Herb which Bees delight in j 
BaJm-genrle, or Mint. 

W..T? f r^? a kind of finall-body'd Sheer, bear- . 
»ng little Wool j a pilled Ewe. 

thole imall Knobs that grow on the Tops of the 
summ*, or fine Threads in the Middle of the Flow- 
er, « a ^ ar ^ 0mm £ n,y of * dark Par P»e Colour. 

SSfti °i *?*? * alfo the Horfe-radifh Root; 
»£«, (Lat.) the Bee, an Infect. 
*mm, the HerbParfley. 

is ^^ m \ Sm ^ Be ' an H ' rb > w «ofeRoot 
is reckon d among the Five opening Roots, and its 
Seed among the lefler hot Seeds. 

apWW*, ( Gr. i. e . free from Wandiine or 
fade.) the fixed Stars, fo call'd by fome AftLo! 
ZlJ7 riter u' » °PPofidoa to the Planets ; alfo 
the Spheres themfelves in which they areplac'd. 

Leffi?' ( *' d ' a Wa ^ °/ Brcath > an Impairing; 
\TTPZ 1 UWr c L ? fs of the Facn,t y of Breath! 
ng . atleaftastoSenfei a, it happen/ in Swoon- 

apPtalppfe, the Revelation of St. J<L theEvan- 
geu», the laft Book of the New Te/r*me*t, fo call'd, 
became it contains many dark Myfteries which 
were reveal'd to him. 

xJSf^^ f ? mon « Apothecaries ) any Juice 

k?ndof° r |. t, !J C r Cn ?» With Hone y or S ««". '"«> * 
kind of hard ConGftence. It is otherwife call'd R»k 
Kfbob, and Suecage. v ' 

apctlafnta, a Breaking off, or afonder. In Sur- 
gery, the Breaking off any Pan of the, Body. 

»P0CO!*, (,'. e . a Cutting off) a Grammatical 
Figure, in which the laft Syllable, or Letter of a 
Word is taken away* as Videri for Videfne .- In 

2tZL^ e 9 uttin « off any Part or Member. 

apocrtffariog, a Surrogate, Commiflary, or 

rl" ^ e feA°. a BUh °P J tn ° ffice w °i«h "as 
firft eftabhfo d in the Church, in the Time of Cm- 
panttnt the Great. 

apofrtffSor apOCritta, (in the Art of Phylick) 
a Caftingor Voiding of Superfluities out of the 

appcrmiflicbfi, (among fome Phyficiins) are 
luch Medicines as hinder the Flowing of the Hu- 
mours into apy particular Part of the Body, and 
force back thofe that ate beginning to flow thi- 

#P0ttfpta, (i.e. Hidden, or Dark) certain 
Books of doubtful Authority, which are not re- 
cciv d into th e Canon of Holy Scripture. * 

StytttWfyd, belonging to thofe Books, or to any 
*!? yfek Original is unknown. 

awpiWl, a kind of Shrub, or Herb, which 
kills Dogs th at eat it. ^ 

apoJatrpttaim, a Medicine that provokes 

3)«&e«, Martinets, or Swallows, fo call'd, be-' 
caufe their Feet are fo fliort, that they have but 
little Ufe of them. 

apWfcCfcai or apotfrtfrfc, demonftrable, eafy 
to be fhew'd or made to appear : Whence in Lo- 
gck an Apodkftical Syllogifm is a dear Demon- 
ttrative Argument. 

apWto?afrttta, a Play among Children, call'd 

3L2L22? r Leave » or Hidc and Secka 

89ttmlti*> an ExpeUing or Driving out. In 
Fgetonckt a Figure when any Argument or Obje- 
ttion is with Indignation reje&ed as abfmxL 
. ^POftil*^ a plain Proof, or evident Demonftra- 


ajWWfe, a Giving again, or Recompencing c 
Alfo a Rhetorical Figure, call'd Redititi,, being 
the Application, .or latter Part of a Similitude. 

3pog*t, Winds that blow from the Land. 

«W«m» or OnQk 7 (in Aflrm.) that Point 
ot n^v^n where the Sun, or any other Planet is 

• n i \ om thc Center of chc E * rth t •» Perivieum* 
is the Point where a Planet is at its ncareft Diftance 
lrorn the Earth. 


Digitized by 



A P 

The atemawwof tlje <Wtcwte, is a Point 

Wkere the Epicycle is cut above by a Right-line 
drawn from its Center, to the Center of theE^nt ; 
far the Point of the Epicycle moft remete from the 

Plait h. 

Oflftrtt Of tibe*(|Uant, is the fartbeft Diftance 
of it from the Earch ; or, that Point where the 
Circumference of the Equant is cut by the Line of 
the Atfcs in the remoteft Part of the Diameter : 
As die Perigee of the Equant, is the oppofite Point 
of the neareft Fait of the Diameter. 

flWflfflyta) an Inventory of Goods. 

fSwfayfa a Copy written, or drawn after 
another ; a Pattern, a Dwught. 

QMffiL (among the Romans) principal 5ena- 
tours, or Cpunfellours j the CouncU of State, or 
Rivy- Council. 

#P0lmu«, a kind of Tuwney Filh. 

090lf#Qa? a Receiving or Recovering ; an In- 
tercepting or Preventing : Among Phyficians, a 
Stoppage in the Courfe of the Blood or Animal 

P flS*?*t, * Name fignifying the Deftroyer, and 
in Holy Scripture given to the Devil. 

dtttfagetirai or ^f OlogettC% belonging to an 
Apology, or to any Thing that is faid or written 
by way of Bxcufe for any A&ion. 

gffWfffl nr 2*Ol08tr, one that makes an Apo- 
logy* . * w^ e 

To SftiOgtfCy t0 make one s Defence. 

&$Ql0gtt$, a Moral, Inftru&ive Fable 9 or Tale ; 
fnch as thofe of JBfop. 

#!>9iflSP) * n Exctife or Defence ; a juftifying 
Anfwer ; a Clearing of one's felf. 

^omeepwetrr, an An that (hews how to mea- 
fure Things at a Diftance, or to find how far they 
are off from one 

;3|MWetirofi0> (in -rfiM*.) the fpreading or ftretch- 
ing of a Nerve or a Tendon, out in Breadth, after 
the manner of a Membrane^ Alfo the Cutting off 
a Nerve or Tendon is fo call'd* t 

fltffflflfffr ('• ** * Denial) a Rhetorical Figure, 
when the Oratour feems to wave what he would 
plainly infinuate, as, / will not proceed againft you 
with the utmofi Rigour, I *il not mention wbm per- 
hdpt I might obtain. Alfo a Verdidfc, or Sentance 
pafs'd in a Court of Juftice, 

jSVOffyerOta* Gifts, or Prefcots anciently made 
at certain Feftivals, or Solemnities, to be carry *d 
a*vay by the Guofts, , , ■ 

jatiW|^gttIiftiaiI#eWtWW, fuck as are endud 
with the Faculty of Drawiog cold phlegmatick Hu- 
mours from the Head, anddifcharging them by the 
Nofe or Mouth. 

gpOVfltlPgnt* a fll0rr » P ich y» inftru&ivfc Sentence, 
or Saying ; cfpecially, of fome grave and eminent 
Perfon ; as the Apophthegms of Plutarch^ or thofe 
of the Ancients colkaed by Lycofthenas. 

J3#OV|tfp3ab the bringing forth of a Child ptt- 
trify'd in the Womb ; an Abortion, or untimely 


flgepfo gg , a Flight, an Efcape t In Architecture, 
that partof a Pillar whert it feems to if one of 
of its Bate, like the Proeeft of a Bone in a Man's 
Leg, and begins te flioot upwards: Butthw^- 
fbyge is really nothing elfe but the Rings orlterrils 
.heretofore faften'd at the Ends of wooden Pillars 
to keep them from Splitting, and aftenftaftis i*ii- 
catad in Stone-wotk. 

0jWt#00, (in Surgery) a Procfcft, or Parr of a 
Bone that grows out beyond its plain Surface } a 
Bunch, or Knob in a Bones made by its Fibres 
produc d or lengthened, which is commonly at the 
end of ir.. , m 

&$WUcteal> belonging to, car fubjea to thtt Apo* 


£yOpl?dttk, proper ior, or good againft that 
Difeale ; as ApoplctickBatfam. 

<&p*p\tfV> (f . d. a deadly Srnnning or Aftonifh- 
ing) a Dileale in which the Paflages of the Brain 
being ftopt, and the Courfe of the Animal Spirits 
hinder 'd, the affe&ed Perfon becomes like one 
in a Trance, altogether void of Senfe and Mo* 

SLgm or 3itfmme, (in Mathem.) a Problem; 
which tho' it be not impoflible, yet is very diffi- 
cult to be refclved, and has not yet a&ually been 
fo : Thus the Quadrature, or Squaring of a Gir* 
cle may be call'd an Apore ; becaufe as yet there 
is no Way or Path difcover'd to lead the Inquirer 
into it. 

3t>0£i&, *u intricate Bufinefs, Perplexity of 
Mind, Doubtfulnefs, Difficulty : In t^hetcricl^ a 
Figure, when one is ae a Hand what to do; as 
Ehquar 8file*m ? Shall I fpeak ouc t or fhalll be 

Si ###&% * Wo ^ Wd by Mr. Boyle for Efflu- 

SUttUtoe, a flowing down, or iffuing from ; 
a (teaming out of Vapours or Sulphureous Effluvi- 
ums thro f the Pores of the Body. 

#pOnlKE&} the fame t Alfo a Term appropria* 
ted by Aftrologers to the Moon, when (he leparates 
from one Planet and applies to another. 

apOfel>mtrtfm«0, ( in Surgery ) a fort of Fra- 
dhirt, or Breaking of the Scull, when fome Parr 
is plainly railed. 

QpoGtipcRSL, (L e. a holding one's Peace) a Rhe* 
torical Figure, when one leaves out fome Word 
or Part of a Sentence, and yet may be underftood ; 
" as, Qtws ego »■ ■ ** fed motes praftat componere 

fluBus. Virg. Subintet. puniam, multabo, vel quid 

Splfftia, a loathing of Meat. 

apofP»fma 5 pttt of a Thing drawn; pufl'd, or 
born off: In Surgery, the drawing of one part 
from another which naturally ftuck to it ; as 
when the Skin is feparated from a Membrane, 
a Membrane from a Mufcle, one Mufcle from ano- 
ther, (Se. 

3p0fl^ & Creature in the Ifland of Tobago, in 
America, fo much in love with Men, that it often 
follows them and delights to gaze on them. 

3*flare luges or apoffstare irge«, ( in old 

Latin Records) wilfully to tranfgrefs or break the 

gfilftaf?, (-Gr.) a revolting or falling away 
from the true Religion ; or from a Religious Or- 

aptflata ttfittmi a- Writ heretofore dire<2ed 
ro tho Sheriff, to rak« the Btfdy of one, who ha- 
ving enter'd into or profefs'd any Religiou$ Order, 
leaves it, departs from his Monaftery, and wan- 
ders about the Country. 

J3t>0ftate, a Rev^ter from his Religion", a Back- 
flider, a Renegado ; a Monk that breaks lis Vows, 
and cafts off his Habit. 

To apOttatf je, to play the Apoftate, to quit one's 
Religion, or a Religious Otder. 

jawOltna or apOHtm^ (Gk i. e. a Handing 
a- part) a preternatural Spelling caus'd by a cor- 
rupt Matter gatherd- together in any Part of the 
Body, and commonly call'd an Impoftbume or 

2f0ffte^ a Perfon feht as a Meflenger or Am- 
baffadour to preach the Gofpel; of whom our 
Bleffed Saviour at firft chofe Twelve, 4nd at his 
Departure appointed them to Plant and Govern 
Churches throughout thfe World. 

anOttOlat* or £f>0ffllfetp, the Dignity, Mini- 
ftry, or Office of an Apoftle. 


Digitized by 


A P 

apoftOlfcal or dpoftoittb, deriving Authority 
from, or belonging to the Apoftles. 

aptfOlOltim {HlfffUettttmt, a cleanfing Oinc 
menr, lb ^all'd, becaufe it is made of Twelve 
Drugs, according to the Number of the Apoftles. 

#P0fttOpr, (/. e. a Turning away ) In Gram- 
mar, an Accent, or Mark, (hewing that there is a 
Vowel cutoff; which is exprefs'd thus, ( ' ) and fee 
at the Head of the Letter ; as Ain for Aifnc. Al- 
fo a Rhetorical Figure, when the Oratour turns 
his Speech from the Judge, or the Hearers, to one 
that is abfent, or to any Being, whether fenfible 
or infenfible, which he befpeaks as if it were a 

apof^tttUL (Gr.) that whioh fe Drawn, Shaved, 
or Parted off: In Surgery, a Shaving of the Skin, 
or of a Bone. 

#pothecatP, one that prepares and fells all forts 
df Medicines, Drugs, (3c 

3pOtjj€Off0, a Confecration, or folemn Enrolling 
of Great Men after their Death, in the Number of 
the Gods ; a Cuftom much in ufe among the An- 
cient Heathens. 

SlpOtOme, a Cutting, or Cutting off: In Mathe- 
matics, an irrational Remainder, or refidual Root, 
when from a rational Line, a Pan is cut off, which 
is only commensurable in Power to the whole Line. 
In Mufick* it is the Difference between the great- 
er and Jeffer Semitone, or the remaining Part of a 
whole Tone, when a greater Semitone is taken 
from ir. 

SlfQ$tmt, a Phyfical Decodion, a Diet- Drink 
made of feveral Roots, Woods, Barks, Herbs, 
Drugs, Flowers, Seeds, £&?. boiPd together. 
To SlppaU, (old Word) to daunt, to difcourage. 
Slppatiag?* See Appennage. 
3watatU0, majW % mfoi:, (Lat. L e. the great- 
er and leffer Preparation) a Phrafe us'd by Lethoto- 
mifts y or Operators that Cut for the Stone, accord- 
ing to two particular Methods. 

Swartl, Cioathing, Raiment, Habit i Among 
Surgeons, Furniture for the Dreffing of a Wound. 
In SearAffairs, the Tackle, Sails, and Rigging of 
a Ship. 

Slppateitty that appears, vifible, plain, manifeft, 
certain, as, An Heir Apparent to the Crown, $. e. 
one whofe Title is clear, beyond Difpute or Con- 
3ppatetlt COlOtlt^ See Emphajical Colours. 
appatfltt COniUCttan, a Term in Aftronomy. See 
CinjunBion of Planets. 
apparent 9DrclUiatt0t1« See Declination. 
apparent ^OrijWl. See Horizon. 

apparent glace of an? Object, (in optickj) is 

that in which it appears when feen through one 
or more GJaflVs, and is different from the Real one ; 
being occafion'd by the various Refra&ions of the 
Rays of Lighr. 

apparent f&lace of a j&tar or planet, ( in 

A/iron.) is its viiible Place, or that Point of the 
Heav.n it feems to be in, by the Right- line that 
proceeds to it from the Eye. 

Apparition, the Appearing of a Spirit ; a Ghoft, 
a Vilion- 

apparitOUr, a Meflenger that fummons Offen- 
ders, in an Ecclefiaftical or Spiritual Court, and 
fcrves the Proccfs ot it. 

appar ement, (Fr. in Common-Law) a Refem- 
blaHcr or Likelihood ; as, Apparlement of War. 

3pparura, an oldL**i* Law- word for Furniture. 
UnucATum Apparura, Plough- Tackle, all manner 
of Implements belonging to a Plough. 

appartlltfnt* See Apartment. 

To appear!) Qr Umpeacfc to Accufe one of any 

appeal, (law-Term) an Accufation, or De- 

A P 

claration of another's Crime ; particularlv the 

£*& t% Mt,rdeK W Z ¥erCan th " *" £ 
£L J u- 1 " y , , murtherd ' or of a Felon, by 
orie of h ls Accomplices .- Alfo. the Removing of I 
Caufe from an Inferiour Judge or Courc to a Supe- 

b«?H /JESf"* an Accufing of onc th « 

appeal «f tormiff Bfawtfenmrnt, a Term us'd 

by iome for an Adtion of wrong Imprifonment. 

VrL°A r^ '° "S? tn ^V** 1 : Alfo «n oW 
Word figmfying to difmay or daunt j but Chaucer 
ules it for to decay. 

To appear, (Lat.) to be in Sight, to fhew one a 
felf, to be ready at Hand j to make a Figure or 
Shew, to Seem or Look. * - 

To appeal*, (Fr.) (opacify, or qualify, to allay - 
or aflwage j to fupprefs, to calm. 

ZmUm, (Lat. Law-word) he that brings an 

whib f * ^ f * me M A ff amr and *H***«l 

appellation, a Naming or Calling any Thine 

by a particular Name ; a Name, a Term, or Ti- 


appeBatfi* or j£oun appeflatftje, (in Grammar) 

a Name that is proper to many, and oppos'd to 
a tT J n a - S M * n ' * rt 'fi ,er > Engineer, &c. 
appro*, ("Law- Term) one that is Appeal'd or 

Accusd. rr 

appfllOUt or Appellant, one who having con- 
telt d a Crime, Appeals, i. #. Accufes others that 
were his Accomplices. 

#PPCndagt. See Appendix. 

appfnWnt, a Thing that by Prefcription, De^ 
pends on, or Belongs to another that is Principal • 
as, an Hofpital may be Appendant to a Manour! 
Common of Fiftiing to a Free-hold #c 

appmrtrola (He rmtfoante, ( Lat. ) the inteai- 

rum c*cum, or Blind Gut, fo calld by ftme Anaro^ 
mifts from its Figure and Situation, in regard, that 
in fome Creatures it hangs down like a Worm 
and is not fill'd with Ordure as the others are. 

SppenMtfa, (in ancient Deeds) the Appendages 
•r Appertinancies to an Eftate. 

AppflttaT, any Thing that is added by it felf to 
another, efpecially a Supplement, or feparare Ad-' 
dition to a Book. In Anatomy, the fame as Bti. 

appeimage or appanage, (Fr.) the Portion a 
Sovereign Prince gives to his younger Children : 
In France, by virtue of the Law of Appemu^ the 
Kings younger Sons have Dutchies, Counties, or 
Baronies granted to them and their Heirs, the Re- 
vcrfion referv'd to the Crown, and aN Matters of 
Kegahty, as Coinage, levying Taxes, &c. Thus 
the Dutchy of Orleans is the Appennage of the 
French King s fecond Son. 

appenTa, (Lot.) Things Hang'd up, orWeigh'd 
out : Among Phyficians, the fame with Periapta, 

j-r r* rJ b r lats M are hun 8 "bout the Neck of 
difeafed Perfons, to free them from fome particu- 
lar Diftemperj as a dry'd Toad to ftop Bleeding, 
Peony-Roots for Convulsions, &c. 

appMlfura, (in old Records) the Payment of 
Money at the Scale, or by Weight. 

To appertatU, to have a Dependence upon ; to 
Belong to. r » • 

apptrtinanriM or appUrttnanctejS, (in Common- 
Law; Ihings both Corporeal belonging to another 
Thing that is more principal ; as Hamlets to a 
cnier Manour, Common of Pafture, Turbary, Pif- 
cary, &c Courts, Yards, Drains, &c to a Houfe ; 
and Incorporeal, as Liberties and Services of Te- 

appetentP, earneft Defire, great Inclination, 
appettte, the Affeclion of the Mind, by which 
* we 

Digitized by 


A P 

A P 

we arc ftirr'd up to any Thing, inordinate DeGre, 
Luft : Alfo the Defire of NouriJhment, or a Sto 
maclj to one's Viduals. 

j&fcetitibe, belonging to the Appetite, or De- 

ZWttitM Cawmia, a Dog-like, or ravenous 
Appetite ; a Difeafe. See Qnoreris. 

To #ppiaut), to commend highly, as it were 
with tjie Clapping of Hands, to approve well of 
what is done. 

&{>ptaur& great Commendation, publidc Praife. 

Stflrtf , (amodg Herbalifts) is taken not only 
for the Fruit of the Apple-Tree, but alfo for 
all forts of round Fruit, as well of Herbs as Trees $ 
as Mandrake-apples, Pine-apples, Cyprefc-apples, 

#H>I* Of llOtfc, a kind of Night-fhade, a Plant 
fo call'd from the Beauty of its Fruit, which re- 
femble Cherries. 

#H4felWe or #Wtt**W*> (L*f.) that may be 
apply'd, that has relation to, conformable. 

3WUC8tt, (in Geom.) a Right-line, otherwife 
call'd the Ordinate and Semi-Ordinate in a Conick 

j9nAtcate fl>J&i«8tt-» a Rigfoline applied at 
Right-angles to the Axis of any Conick Se&ion, 
and bounded by the Curve : See Ordinate. 

&nttr«ttolt> the Ad of Applying, the making 
of an Addrefc to a Perfon : Alfo Attention of the 
Mind, Care, Diligence, or Study : It is alfo fome- 
times th* Geometrical Term for Divifion .- See 
Divifion Geometrical. 

In Aftrology, the Approaching of two Planets to- 
wards each other. 

To SpflVi t0 P ut * Set » or Lay one Thing to ano- 
ther ; to have Recourfe to a Perfon, or Thing ; 
to beftow upon ComeUfes, to betake, or give one's 
felf up to. 

Among Geometric****, ToStpplP, is taken in fe- 
veral Scnfes, vi%. i. To Transfer arLine given into 
Circle, or into any other Figure, fo that it may be 
there 4cernnmodated f or fitted according to its pro- 
per Length. %. To fit Quantities, whofe Area's 
are equal, but Figures different, fo that they (hall 
Conform one to another; *. To exprefs Divifion in 
Geometry, efpecially by the Latin Writers, who 
as they fay, due 6 in H ; when they would have 
8 multiply d by 6 : So they fay, Af plica 6 ad 18, 
when they would have l8 divided by 6. 

To Appoint, (JFr.) to Commiflionate, or Order $ 
to Determine, or Defign ; to fet a Task. 

RppOWttt, a Foot* Soldier in France, who for 
his long Service and fingular Bravery, receives Pay 
above the Private Sentinels, and ftands fair to be 

ftmrfntttlCNt, the Ad of Appointing ; an Order, 
an Affignation : Alfo a Penfion allow'd by Perfons 
of Quality, for the retaining of Servants of good 

To jAwttttUxif ( Law-Term ) to Proportion, to 
Divide into convenient Portions. 

gtfOZtiOtytlfttt, the dividing of a Rem that is 
hot whole or entire, into Parts, according as the 
Land whence the Rent iflues is (har'd aftiong feve- 
ral Perfons : Thus if a Man have a Rent-Service 
ifluing out of Land, and he purchafes Parcel of the 
land, the Rent fhall be apportioned according to 
the, Value of the faid Land. 

Stamtllttt, (Lat. in old Records) Revenue, 
Gain, or Profit, which a Thing brings in to its Ow- 
her ; a Corrody, or Penfion allow'd out of a Re- 
ligious Houfe. 

J3W0fal Of S>tetiffS^ the Charging them with 
Money receive! upon their Account in the Exche- 

flWWftr. See Foreign Appofeu 

Bppefitr, well applied, that |s faid, or done to 
the Pufpofe, Pat. 

5IWO0rtott^ properly an Adding, or Purring to, 
an Applying : In Grammar, the putting toge- 
ther of two Nouns Subftantive in the fame Cafe ; 
as Vrbs Upma for Vrbs Hem*> 9 the City of Home .- 
Alfo a Term in Philofophy, the fame as Accretion 9 
which fee. 

To SfaRaff?, to Value, Rate, or fet a Price on 

To Zpp itf&tk, to lay hold of, Seize, or Arreft ; 
to Comprehend, Conceive, or Underftand 5 to Fear, 
or SufpeA. 

&ppltfctiBmy Conception, Underfta^ding s Fear, 

ZppltfytiEte, Quick of Apprehenfion, Senfiblc. 

3PP;f nDtr> (Fr.) to learn a Thing, to get the 
Knowledge of it : Alfo a Common-Law Term ; 
as A Fee, or Profit Apprcndre, i.e. to be taken, of 

ftppttttitity one that is bound by Indenture, or 
otherwife to another Perfon for a Term of Years, 
to learn his, or her Art or Myftery. 

To 3pp:oacf? 5 to draw nigh, to come near. 

Zppioatfablt, that may be Approached. 

&pP:oac$Bi (in Fortif.) all forts of Works, by 
the Help of which, an Advance is made towards 
a Place befieged $ as Trenches, Redoubts, Lodg- 
ments, &c. Approaches are alio taken for Attacks. 

SUtlQbBtiSUly an Approving, or Liking. 

j&9Pllp)tiKt Communam, (Lat. Law-Phrafe) 
to difcommon, L e. to feparate and enelofe any 
Parcel of Land, that was before open Common. 

j3W?Wtere 88 l^ini^em, to bring a Manour 
within the Extent or Liberty of fuch a particular 

To 3 WOtftfatf, to nforp the Properrr of a 
Thing, to claim or take to one s fclf, to apply par* 

2lppUjp:tett01t, the AA of Appropriating* In a 
Law-fenfe, it is when the Profits of a Church* 
Living are made over to the proper and perpetu- 
al Ufc of fome Bifhop, Dean and Chapter, Col. 
lege, or Religious Houfe, and to their Sucoel- 
fours ; fo that the Body or Houfe is both Patron 
and Parfon, and fome one of the Members offici- 
ates as Vicar. 

To dPtiUfflf, to allow of, to like, to render 
one's fclf recommendable. In Common-Law, it 
is taken for to improve or increafe. 

j3pp20fcCltient flf lUttt, ( in general ) is a ma- 
king the beft Advantage of ir, by approving or 
encreafing the Rent : Alfo where a Man hate Com- 
mon in the Lord's Wafte Ground, and the Lord 
enclofes Part of the Wafte for himfelf, neverth*- 
lefs 9 leaving fufficient Common, with Egrefs and 
Regrefs for the Commoners ; this Enclofing is cal- 
led Approvement. 

Qppjtfber, one that approves or allows of: In 
a Law-fenfe, the fame as Appellor, i. e. a Feloh that 
appeals or accufes one or more of his Companions, 
as guilty of the fame Crime ; and he is fo call'd, 
becaufe he muft prove what he has alledged ih his 

j3p£20ber£> are alfo certain Perfons, fent into 
feveral Counties, to encreafe the Farms of Hun- 
dreds and Wapentakes, which formerly were fee 
at a certain Rate to the Sherifft, who likewife de- 
mis'd or let them to others. 

SlPVUte** rf tfie Wlff, are thofe that? have the 
Letting of the King's Lands in fhiill Maftours, to 
his beft Advantage ; and in fome old Statutes, the 
Sheriffs Style themfefres the pint's Approvers. 

awmtoers in t$r fynvtfya bf attates^ were 

fuch as had Licence to fell and buy Cattle in % thofe 

Digitized by 



A Q 

A R 

&pfftO¥ttttaitCt1> (in Philof) a coming or put- 
ting nearer : In Mathematkkj, a continual ftill 
coming nearer and nearer to the Root or Quanti- 
ty fought, without expe&ing to ^ it exa&ly j 
*s i T v + i + t» &*• approaches continually 
nearer to 3 ad infinitum. Approximation is alio 
one of the Methods of Tranfplantation in Natural 

Magkk. See CranTplancattmr. 
japputtnwnrefi* See jappcrttnanrecL 

SJpilfOCfe, a fort of Wall- Fruit that requires 
much of the Sun's Warmth to ripen it. 

3p:tl, the fourth Month of the Year* which 

takes its Name from the Ldtin Word Apsrire, /. *. 

to open ; becaufe in this Month, the Flowers be. 

gin to blow, and the Earth fends forth Seeds and 

• Plants. 

#p2t$e, (old Word) Adventure. 

3pCB- See abfi*. 
-'vSpfpcjjfab (<*'•) a Swooning, or Fainting a 

j3p0>CtQS, a kind of precious Stone, which when 
it is hot, will keep f© Seven Days : Alfo the cold 
or (haking Fit of an Ague. 

J3pt, (Lat.) fit, meet, proper, convenient, for* 
wardiy inclined to. 

To Spate a JMaiiet, (in AJlroL) is to ftreng. 
then the Pianet in PoGcion of Houfe, and Digni- 
ties, to the greateft Advantage, for the Compafling 
of the defired End. 

2kp&,fat\£B> the higher Nobility of Scotland, 
anciently fo call'd, to diftinguifti them from the 
lower fort, or Vnder-Tbanes. 

apttttlM or aptltefe, (Lat.) Fitnefs, a natural 
Difpolition to do any Thing. 

&pt0t0iy (Gr. la Grammar) a Noun that is not 
declined with Cafes, as Kequam. 

&|ftia, the Spirling, Smy, or Sea-dace ; a fort 
of Fify. 

3pU0 ? a kind of Swallow with fliort Feet ; a 
Martinet, or Swift: See Apodes. #pil* Jil&tca, 
the Bird of Paradife. 

&P!Wia, the cooling, abating, or flackening of 
a Fever ; or the cold Fit of an Ague. 

J3pp;0t05, the beft fort of a Carbuncle, a preci- 
ous Stone, that glows like a Burning. Coal, and 
yet the Fire cannot hurt it. 

J3pP2ttm ^lllp^ur, Sulphur or Brimftone that 
ha« not felt the Fire, or has not been burnt. 

J3fiua, (Lat.) Water, Rain, Waterifh Humour, 
or Juice. 

3<jU0 Coelfftt*, (1. e. Heavenly Water) a li- 
quor which the Cbymifts call t\eclified TVine. 

ftqita S>I0tHata, diftilled Water, fuch as is 
drawn out by DiftiHing apy fort of Herbs, or 

aqua JFtyum omnium, (/. e. Water of all 

Flowers) the diftilled Water of Cow-dung, when 
the Cows go to Grafs. 

J3qiia jffOZtis, (*. e. Strong Water) a Liquor 
made of a Mixture of equal Parts of purified Ni- 
tre, or Salt.petre, Vitriol calcin'd white, and Pot- 
ters Earth or Clay diftilled in a clofe Reverberato- 
ry Furnace : It is a ftrong Poifon, fo as to eat 
even Iron and Steel, and is us'd for the Diflblving 
of Metals, &c 

#qua BjlttCtCU*, (/. e . Water between the Skin) 
the Dropfie, a Difeafe. 

Skjua fprttcarftii, that Liquor or Humour which 
is gather d about the Heart, and ferves to cool it : 

See j&ctttartKum* 

aqua KCgaUtf, {i.e. Royal Water) a Liquor 
made by the Diflblving of Sal Armoniack^ in Spirit 
of Nitre ; and fo call'd becaufe it diiTolves Gold, 
which is the King of Metals : It is alfo termed 
Aqua Stygia and Chryfulca. 

&qita. £&£CUH&a, a Liquor made of common 

Water, and the Powder or Precipitate of Silver - 
which is good to make the Efcar fall off in Shan-* 
kers, and to confume Proud Fieflt. 
. -9qua ©it*, (i.e. Water of Life) a forf'of Cor. 
dial Water, made of brew'd Beer ttrongly hopn\], 
and well fermented. • 

#QU*DUCtUB 7 an Aqueduct, or Conveyance of 
Water by Pipes : In Anatomy, the boney paiTage 
from tie Tympanum, or Drum of the Ear, to the 
Palate of the Mouch ; fo nam'd from its Shape- 
which refembles a Conduit- Pipe. 

£quagtum 3 (in old Records) an Aqi*a#L or 
W ater-courie. ^ w "' 

ilqualifUiUB, a Hog-trough ; alio the loweft Part 
of the Belly or Paunch, the fame as Hjpogaftrium. 

tfqiiattUS, (i. ^.the Water-pourcr; one of the 
Twelve Signs in the Zodiac^ and the laft but one! 
in Order ; which the Sun enters in the Month of 
January : This Conftellation is made up of 33 Stars, 
and ufually marked thus ( ~ ). 

^ £quartcfe or jaquattle, growing, living, ot 

breeding in or about the Water j as Aquatic^ Ani- 
mals, Plants, or flowers. 

aqUtfUlCt, ( in Architect. ) a Conduit or Paf- 
fagc for conveying Water from one Place to ano- 
ther. The ancient Roman Aqueducts were ftate- 
ly Stone Buildings, rais'd on uneven Ground, to 
preferve the Level of the Water, which feme- 
times reach'd a hundred thoufand Gebmetrical 
Paces in Length. 

j3qucOH0, like Water, waterifh. 

aqueous Rumour, or t&e mmtv turnout, 

one of the Humours of the Eye, which is the out- 
moft, being traofparent and of no Colour -. Ic fills 
up the Space between the Tunica Cornea., and the 
Cryftaltine Humour. See |}t'mO2t0 #CtTO. x 

aquiftHwtti (Lat.) a kind of Holm-tree, with' 
prickly Leave} ; alfo the Holly-tree. 

. aqiaia, the Eagle, a Bird of Prey ; alfo thd 
Name of a Oenftellation in the Northern Hemi- 
fphere, otherwife call'd, Vultur Volans^ and confift* 
ing of \x Stars. 

jaquila aiba, or tfje ®Bf>tte (6a«lr/thc fame 

with tyicrcurius Dulcis ; which fee. \ 

aqutla P|)i!0ftpftO2Um, (i. e. the^Philofopher's 
Englej a Term us'd by Aichymifts for the reducing 
of Metals to the firft Matter. 

£qtitlcte, aqutlrgia, or aqutfira, Columbine, 

an Herb and Flower, the Seed of which powdet f d 
is of good J Ufe in Ph> fick, efpecially in Garga- 
rifms for the Mouth. 

3qutlifrr, (among the Homdns) the Standard- 
bearer, who had in his Colours the Picture of an 
Eagle ; an Enfign, <y Corner. 

£qufltaC iSofC, a hooked Nofc like an Eagle'* 
Beak, a Hawk's Nofe. 

#qirflO, rhe North, or North- Eaft Wind. 

2quofi SDurttifi. Sec iDurtug aqwoff. 

SLqtttj&tV, Wateri(hnefs. # 

Squula,~ (Lat.) a little Water or Brook : Alfo 
a fmali watery Bladder in the Liver, Spleen, or 
fome other Bowel. See l^PDatf frT& 

#ra, (Lat.) an Altar, or Sanctuary : Alfo a 
Southern Conftellati6n containing Eight Stars. 

SlVBbtMj (1. e. fair Altar) a proper Name erf 

j3rabcfqur 9 certain curiou$ flourifliing of branch- 
ed Work, in Painting or Tapeftry, after the Ara- 
bicl( manner. 

&?abia, a large Country of AJia, reaching from 
India to Aigypt. 

&tabtCb, the Arabian Language. 

&rabiW!lt (lEHimmt, a kind of tranfparent Gum; 
brought from Arabia and America, which eafily 
diflblves in Water, and looks on the out-fide as if 
it were Worm-eaten, 

¥1 atrtu, 

Digitized by 


A R 

A R 

jSribi^* a fort df'Watcr-Crcfsj calTd, Candy 


2tttBle> as Arabic fcand, i. e. Land fie to be 
Plough'd or Tilled. 

JOTbUgMpty a Stone white like Ivory, the 
Powder of which is good to clcanfe the Teeth. 

atar&nr, (Gr.) the Slider, an Infetft, or a Gob- 

£ratl)rtJfDW> (uy ^*" J the Cryftalline Coat of 
the Eye, fo calfd from its refembling a Spider's 
4 W*b. 

#r»l!plOB, (in ArcbitcR!) a fort of Building 
Where the Pillars are fet at a great Diftance one 
from another. 

dfoignttj (Fir.) a Spider. In Fortification, the 
Branch, Return, or Gallery of a Mine. 

&ratitt?, a Word usU in Nottingham-fbire, for a 

fltalfa, (in Dooms-day Book) arable, or plough- 
ed Ground. 

. #ram, (H.*£. Highnefs or Deceiving, or their 
CurfeJ the Son of Shem, from whom defcended 
the Aramites or Syrians^ 

arantff ttwtfci or Crrflaffina, ( tat. in 

.rfn**,) a Coat of the Eye, that furrounds and 
enclofeS the Cryftalline Humour ; taking Name 
from its thin light Contexture like that ,of a 

flrafltCliS, the Spider ; alfo the Weaver, or Wi- 
tcr, a Sea-Fifh. 

&tljaUflt&, a great Engine for the throwing of 
Darts, in ufe amonfc the ancient Romans. 

JsJrbtter, an Arbitrator, an Umpire, a Sovc- 
raign Difpofer. See 3rbttrst02* 

Arbitrable, that may be put to,. or decided by 

#rWttage, an Arbitrator's or Umpire's Decree 
or Sentence. 

jatbfttatp, that depends altogether upon one's 
WiH or Choice, that is without Controul $ abfo- 
_lme, free. 

To flrbtttAte, to award, give Sentence, ad- 
judge, or ad as an Arbitrator. 

arbitration, the Aft of Arbitrating, the Pur- 
ting an End to a Difference by the Means of Ar- 
bitrators. { 

jElplrfftfttO?) an extraordinary Judge indifferent- 
ly cbofen by the mutual Confent of two Parties, 
to decide any Controverfy between them 5 a Days- 
Man, of Referee: The Civilians make a Dif- 
ference between Arbiter and Arbitrator $ the for- 
mer being, obliged to proceed according to Law 
and Equity ; whereas the latter is left wholly to 
his own Discretion, to aft Without Solemnity of 
Procefs, or Courfe of Judgment. 

Arbitrament, (Law-word) a Power given by 
two or more contending Parties, to fome Perfon 
or Perfons to determine the Matter in Difpute be- 
. rween them, to which they are bound to ftand 
under a certain Penalty : And the Determination 
thus made is call'd an Award, or tb$ i\efultofan 

#rbteflCT, a Word us'd by Chaucer for a Crofs- 

#rbc?, (tat.) a Tree. 

#tto SWan*. See Mm* Ztheu 

•_ Q*lm #ttri«, (J. e. Tree of the Set) a Name 
that feme Chymifts give to Coral, becaufe it 
grows like a Tree or Plant under the Water of 
the §ea; 

Mthn IBtt*, ( i. t. Tree of Life ) a kind of 
Tree often planted for its pleafant green Leaf. 

3* bniWBj a Term applyM by Herbalifts to 
fuch Mjilhrooms or Moffes as grow on Trees : 
Tbus Agaric^ is caU 9 d an Arboreous Mulbrom, be- 
^fM^ it always grows on the Larch-Tree, 

ffttotift, tone that is weU$Utfibla|^^erai 
Kinds and Natures of Trees, and know* bow to 
plant, improve, and praferre^esi^for^eri^ft 
manner. # if 

#tbout, a Bower in a Garden, a fliady PJafe 
made by Art, to fit and take the Air; in* ;" 

0rbutU«, (Lat.) the Arbur, or Arbut*»Tf<tt, a 
fort of Shrub, otherwifecallVi tbeStfcawberfy-Tre^ 
or Wilding. • 1 . H 

j&taimm Cdratotmif, ( among Cby«#ap) is 
the red Precipitate of Mercury, or Quickfilver, 
on which well reAify'd Spirit of Wine has-been 
burnt Six Times, in order to clear eSbs^^f 
Ac Acids, and make the Medicine fit to betaken 

8ttmum 3>U|>lum, a kind of Salt made by 
wafhing the Cafut Mtrtuum, or GrouY Matter 
remaining after the Diftiilation of Double AjM* 
Fortis, with warm Water; fo that the Water be- 
ing afterwards ftrain'd, and its moifture dpawn 
off, the Salt will remain at the Bottom of the 

3tcaiTOK 3ftft)tf, is an Amalgana, made of 
equal Parts of Tin and Mercury, powder d and 
digefted with good Spirit of Nitre ; and the 
Spirit being drawn from ic in a Retort, the d*y 
Mafs is powder'd^ again, and then digefted w^h 
Spirit of Wine, 'till the Powder become taftc- 

jlrCttttfrK, <§n) the Juniper-Tree $ a Stab - 

SlrCf, arrant, or notorious y as, An Arch-Rogue, 
an Arch-Traytor, &C 

An 0*Clb (in ArcbiteB ) is an hollow Building, 
rais'd with a Mould in Form of a Semi-ckcle j as 
an Arch of a great Gate or Chaw*. Window, the 
Arches of a Bridge, tfc. 

In Geometry, 8Kb ot |Mt, is any Paia tf the 
Circumference of a Circle, or crooked Line, lying 
from one Point to another, by wbick the Quantity 
<*f the whole Gtfde, or Line, or fome other Thing 
fought after, may be gathered* 

J»rc$ of JWwtiW, (in 4MJ a Powon of 
the Equator, comprehended between two Points 
in Heaven, wherefore one is the Place of she S*W- 
ficator, and the other of the Promijfor. See £Utt l£ 
jDtrfcdOtV * 

In the Composition of federal Words, flr£$ is a 
Mark of Dignity, Signifying chief; as Archangel, 

atcljangtL, the Prince of Angels, of whicd Or- 
der St. Michael is {aid to be : Alio a. noted $e**port 
Town of Mufcovy, and the Staple of all Merchants 
that Trade to thofe Parts. AUo the Name of a 
Weed like dead Nettles, the Flowers of which re- 
femble Honey-fucklcs. „ 

jarCtelUflmi, Water-Angelica; an Herk 

0rC|btu5of^ a chief Bifliop that has Power aw 
a certain Number of other Bifliops* 

&tt$tiSf<mtek the Extent of the Jurifliaion; 
the Dignity and Benefice of an Archbifhop. 

att&tptftr^ a chief Sewer, one of the prinoi- 
pal Offices of the Empire of German;, belonging 
to the Chmt Palatine or the ^bine* 
I S&tt#XWm, a dignify Vi Cleify-Man, whofe 
Office is to vifit two Years in three, td refotm 
Abufes in Ecclefiaftical Matmt, and to <>ring 
the more weighty Afiairs before die Bifliop of the 

ftrtfpflKHirp, the Extent of an Archdeacon^ 
Spiritual Jurifdi&ion.. 

%t(%l*aauflbto, the Dignity and Office oSjm 

atC|lWlDfi one that has fome Pneheminence 
over other Dufces ; at the Archduke of Aujbia, 
which Tide was firft ctabliOi<l ab^it, A, J). 


Digitized by 


A R 

A R 

apcf^tfcefc**!, the Territory, or Jwjftftion 

of an Arch-Duke. 

jEbr^tClufi, an Arch-Duke s Wjfc. 

£ltjj*$mtiCk, a Ringleader of Hereucks, (be 
flrft Broachet of an Herefie. 

fltecj^itatt^ the Head of the Pirates $ a prin- 
cipal Rover. 

• jartt^tt*tytttr 9 or 0rtH?Wa> a Chief-Prieft, 
or a Rural Dean. j 

3rdjatflK£> asre old Expfeffioos, now quite out 
Of ufe, and only found in ancient Authors. 

flrrtj/tifmar, (in $bctoricJ£) an Imitation of the 
Ancients in Expreffions or Words. 

jSrrfpI, an Herb, othcrwife cali'd Derlyjkirc 
Liver- wort, becaufe it grows uoon the Frte-ftones 
of the Mountain Peak in that County. 

gbffytj (Gr.) a Beginning, an Entrance : In a 
Medicinal Senfe, the Beginning of a Difeafe, 

jBgCtef , one skill'd in Archery. 

gttgttP, the Art of Shooting with * Long- 

0CC£0 or Court Of arcfW, the Chief Confifto- 
ry belonging to the Archbiihop of Canterbury, for 
the Debating of Ecclefiaftical Caufet, and fo cali'd, 
becaufe it us'd to be kept in the Church of St. Mary 
h Mew, London, the Top of wfaofe Steeple was for- 
merly rais'd with Stone Pillars, built Arch-wife, 
like fo many bent Bows. 

mjEfcanof tipStttlgtM, ort|efl)(Ecteloft|ie 

fftffy* COUtt, the. chief Judge* oi that Court 
who hts a peculiar Junididton of thirteen Pa- 
fifties in the City of London, termed * Deanry, and 
freed from the Authority of the Bitoop of that 
Diocefs : The Jurifdidion of this Judge is ordina- 
ry, and extends it fclf through the whole Province 
4)f Canterbury. 

2rrt)ftrpr, (Gr,) rfftelrft ftrampk or Pattern, 
mm Aotfacntkk Copy j the Original of a Writing, 
Pidlure, or any Piece of Art. 

j3H$t*f* (among the Paramlfiam) the Princi- 
ple of Life and Vigour in any Living-Creature : 
Aife the higheft, moft exalted, and invifible Spi- 
rit that can he Separated from mtx'd Bodies ; 
and hidden Quality, Efficacy, or Virtue of Na- 

BrttejOfftS, the White- Wine : an Herh. 

ffaifya mjjk 2 rrttatr Ug, the Principal or Chief 
Phyfician ^■tyfician to a Prince, lo ftyled by 
way of E^P^Jjy. 

jat|tg^<Wlrt, Acute Difeafes. 

j Btete r a ni fa liteu^ the Principal Secretary, or 
the chief Clerk of an Office ; a Chance Hour. 

artlitorWuitt Carmrtn See jambick tterie. 

J9rC^tHI8rtD^(a 9 an Abbot, Prior, or Chief Go- 
wrnour of an Hermitage or Convent. 

jareftfpelagUf or artijtpetago (in Geogr.) a Main 
Sea or large Gulph, containing a Clutter of fmail 
Iflands one near another, and feveral little Seas that 
take Name from tbofe Iflands : Of thefe Four are 
chiefly remarkable, vi%. That of Europe, in the 
Set formerly cali'd the Mgean ; the Archipelago of 
St. Lalprus, with tbofe of Malacca, and of the 
Maldives in the EaJhlnaSes. 

flrcfjitttltffUf, the Generaliflimo or Captain- 
Gerieral of .an Army, the Lord-General. 

9btWgmW**9 «•* Rnlcr rf *e J*»ijh Syna- 

fltditMt) a Matter-Builder, a Chief Workman, 
a Surveyor o#*tb* Building. 

Shxijitttttttiff, the Art or Science of Building, 
J^owy Pgy riiryj * 

SrClMUCtjRtUk, that builds a Thing up regular. 
lys ^totottltp m A* Mature and* Properties of it : 
Thus ttarKfyttihfp Nature, Sower, or Spirit, 
whteh haft»fes^i€toof Eggs x>f Females into 

LivingXrearurcs of the fame kind, is by ibme 
oz\Y& f the Architcaonick. Spirit. *' 7 * 

j3ri$tettWr* a Skill jgroonded op the Joules of 
Geometry, which (hews the right Method of £>c- 
figning and Raifing all manner of Buildings "$ and 
it is ufually divided into Civil and J^ilitary. 

. CiWl &J2fKtlttur*» tea$he$ how to make any 
kinds of Buildings, whether Publick or Private * 
as ChUrches, Palaces, Atches, Houfes, Gates, 
(3c. And Military Architefture diicovers the 
beft Way of Raifing Fortifications about Cities, 
Towns, Camps, Seaports, or any other J? laces of 

#rtl)ttrate, the main Beam in any Building, 
and the firft Member of the Entablature, i. c. 
that Part of a Stone Pillar which is above tfce 
Capital and below the Frize : In Timber Build- 
ings, it is cali'd the Heafen-piece or Majler-beam ; irt 
Chimneys, the Mantlerpiece ; and over the Jambs 
of Doors, or Lintels of Windows, us termed A>- 

3tff!)ite0, a Place where ancient Records, Char- 
ters, and Evidences are kept ; as the Office of 
the Matter of the Roils, the Chancery r or Exche- 

tfrriWItaB, chief Magtftrate* appointed in the 
City of Abens in Greece, after Kingly Govern- 
ment was there abolifh'd. 

2bt\imi&*> certain Hereticks, fo cali'd from 
Arcben, the Ring-leader of that Se#, which be- 
gan to appear, A C. 3*4. They den>V ibe Re- 
furredion, and held the World to be the Work of 

t flrCtatfcH, (Lau) a Straightening; qr Qrpw^ 



ttittl, (Gr. in Afirm) as, The ArSick ?*W 
i. c. the North-Pole of the World, and the A^BUk, 
Circle, one of the leffcr Circles of Ac Sphere, di- 
ftant 2) Degrees and a half torn the fe&. Jfele a 
both fo nam'd from ^T 8#/, *\ #. the Bear, a Cpn- 
ftellation or Clutter of Stars in the Northern Part 
of Heaven, 
arrtepfrpta* See OMtif. 

&CttO0 #tttO?, the fame with Vrjk Minor j 
which fee. 

jatftOffOlMttm, Ramfons ; an Herb. 
£&t0fap|?l00* 4 Black-berry or BUJberry, 
jaiTtUf Ug, a fixed Star of the firft Magnitude 
or Light, plac'd in the Skirt of the Conftellation, 
cali'd AQophylax or Bootes: Jcs Longitude is 199 
Deg. 39 Mm* Latitude 31 Dcg. % Min. Right 
Afcenfion, 210 Deg. i* Min. and Declination 
20 Dig.$% Min. ^ 

SrCiUtttCfl, (£tff.) properly a fafhiooing or fha- 
ping like art Arch ot^Bow : In Surgery, the Bending 
cf the Bones. 

ftrcubtltfia, a Warlike Engine, anciently us v d 
for catting forth great Stones. 

3rt*a, the Heron, a kind of Water-Fowl. Ar* 
dea Stellaris, the Bittern. 

jarwirp or acteWlltfi, Heat of Paffion, Zeal, 

S&nttm, a great Fottft in German, reaching 
from the River Hf>ine to the City of Tournay f for 
the Space of 500 Miles. There is alfo another 
great Foreft in fVarwick:Jhire of that Name $ the 
Word in the old Gauiijb Tongue, fignifyiftg a 
Wood. * 

dcMtt, very hot, vehement, eager, zealous. 
£rttltt J&trtritf, (in Chymiflry) fuch Spirits mm 
being DiftUled from Fermented Vegetables or 
Plants, will take Fire and bom ; as Spirit of Wioc^ 
Brandy, Aqua Vita, &c. 

SUtKtttB HtfKtB 9 burning Fevers or thofe that 
are accompany v d with a great Heat and Thiri. 

Digitized by 


A R 

flrWtirCm Hiabrntity) the Fallowings or 
Plougnings of Grouna. 

SLlfbly (L«r.) WftrfngiHctt: In a Medicinal 
Seated a very great Heat tais'd in a Humane Bo- 

dv r * 

arDO? tHntrtCttlt, a kind of Pain in the Sto- 
machy commonly call'd Heart-Burning. 
^ 8x3$} ffirtRx 9 a'Sharpncfs of Urine. 

3tO0Ur* Ardent Affe&ion, great Zeal, Eager- 
gernefs, Hear. 

a*0 or 04a^tt!t^e, the Name of one of the 
< Eight Notes in the Scale of Mufick. 

To 0re, a Country-Word for to Plough, from 
the Latin, Aro of the fame Signification. 

£tea 5 (L**.) * Barn-Floor, a Toid Space of 
Ground, the Ground^Plot of a Building ; a Bed 
or Quarter in a Garden : Alfo a Circle about the 
Moon and fome Stars, otherwife calld Halo: Al- 
fo an Ulcer or Sore in the Head that caufes Bald- 
nets ; the fame with Alopecia. 

The 2tca Of a iFigiire, (in Gcom.) is irs inward 
Capacity or Superficial Content, or the Surface 
comprehended between the Sides of fuch a Fi- 
gure, whether it be plain or Spherical ; and it is 
reckon'd in the Square. Parts of any Meafure. 
Thus, if a Field be in Form of a Square, and each 
Side of it be 30 Yards in Length, its Area or* 
whole Content will be 900 Square Yards. 

In Fortification, gftca is the Superficial Content 
of any Rampart or other Work, according to its 
particular Figure. 

StegOIl, {Gr.) an Ointment of a diffolvmg, 
loofening, and thinning Quality. 

gtrna, ( Lat. ) Sand, Gravel, Grit ? Alfo Gra- 
vel bred in a Humane Body, which confifts of a 
great deal of Salt and Earth, and often grows up 
into a Stone. 

flrattria, a fort of Buck-Thorn, an Herb. 

armarium Jfcftpmt, Sand- Stone, or Free- Stone. 

9ren*ti0, (in the Art of Phyfick) a kind of dry 
Bath, when the Patient fits with his Feet upon hot 

&reolS* a little Bed in a Garden ; a fmaH Court- 

Areola j»apilittt*, the Circle about the Nipple, 
or Teat 

2r£0meter, (Gr.) an Inftrument u6 meafure the 
Graviry or Weight of any Fluid or Liquor : It is 
ufually made of a fine thin Glafs, and fealed at 
the Top, after as much running Quick-Silver has 
been put, as will ferve to keep it fwimming 
mpright : So that the Stem or Neck being divided 
into Degrees, the Heavinefs or Lightnefs of any 
Liquor may be difcover'd by the Defcent of the 
Veflel into it. • 

3rCOpagttC0, certain Judges of a Court in Athens, 
appointed by Solon, for the Tryal of Malefadtors, 
and fo caird from Areopagus, or Marss Hill, a 
Village near that City, where they fat. 

3reoHple, (in ArcbiteQ.) a Building where the 
Pillars ftand at a confiderable Diftance one from 

#reotCCtmitrfe&> that part of Military Arcbite. 
Sure or Fortification, which (hews how to attack 
fafely, and to encounter an Enemy at the beft 

atCOticfe jgtetttritietf, fuch as open the Pores of 
the Skin, and render them large enough for the 
Matter that caufes the Difeafe to be carry 'd off by 
Sweat, or infenfible Tranfpiration. 

artreifmntt, (old Law. Word) Affright, Sur- 
|>rize ; as To the great Arereijment and Ertenyfement 
tf the Common Law. 

3ttt, (old Word) an Account! 

arttopfeila, (Gr.) a Proper Name of Women, 
fignifying a Friend of Venue. 

A R 

£b?gal* hard Lees flicking to the Sides of Wine. 
Veflels, find otherwife called Tartar. • 

drgOlta* (€r.) a Web or Pin in the Eye, which 
in the Black of it looks white, and on the other • 
Side red ; a fmall Ulcer in the Circle of chc Eye 
call'd Iris. 

3rgtt!tOne, an Herb like wild Poppey, good 
againit fuch 1 Web-or Difeafe in the Eye ; Wiid- 
Tanfey, Silver-Weed. 

#rjjtnt> (Lat. in Heraldry) the Silver or White- 
Colour -in the Coats of Gentlemen, Knights, and 
Baronets: But in the Efcutcheons of Noble-Men, 
it is call'd a Pearl, and Luna in thofe of Sovereign 
Princes. See Or. 

argflWltgttW* the Silver-Quinfey, when a Plea- 
der at Law being Brib'd, feigns himfelf fick, and 
not able -to fpeak. 

Argentina, Silver-Weed, or Wild-Trnfey, an 
Herb that cools moderately, and is of a very bind- 
ing Quality. 

Qrgentum, Silver, the nobleft Metal next to 
Gold ; Plate, Money, Coin. 

argentum album, (in Dooms-day Book) Silver 
Coin, or Current Money. 

jargentum 3Dtf, (in old Records, 1. e. God's 
Money) Money given as Earneft upon tbe making 
of a Bargain, and ftill call'd God's Penny in the 

#rgentlim (HiDum, Mercury, or Quick-Sil- 

argtfft*, (Gr.) a South-Weft Wind, or more 
precilely, South-Weft and by Weft, which blows 
gently with fair Weather. 

flrfilla, (Lat.) white Clay. 

JJrgtril, a Word us'd by Chaucer for Clay. 

3rgO $atfo, or tf* dljtp argo, a Southern 
Confteilation confifting of 41 Stars. 

To argue, to Reafon or Difcourfe, to Difpute 
or Debate, to (hew or make appear. 

Argument, a Reafon, Proof, or Mark ; the 
Summ or Subftance of a Difcourfe, or Treatife ; a 
Theme or Subject to fpeak or write of: In j>- 
gickj, a Probability invented to create Belief 5 any 
Subjed or Matter laid down, as a Foundation 
whereon to argue. In Painting or Drawing, the 
Argument Signifies the Perfons reprefented in a 
Landskip, in Contradiftin&ion from the Country. 
See Landskip- £ . . 

argmnentum Comuttim. See wiwutw &v 

In Aftronomy. argument is an Arch by which 
the Artift feeks another Arch unknown and propor- 
tionable to the firft. 

argument Of inclination, is an Arch of a Pla- 
net's Orb comprehended between the afcending 
Node and the Place of that Planet, with refpeA 
to the Sun ; being numbei'd according ro the Suc- 
ceflion of the Signs. 

argument Of t|je #O0rt* JlatttU*, the Moon s 
Diftance from the Dragon's Head or Tail, that is 
to fay, where her Orb, in two Points Diametri- 
cally oppofite, is cut by the Ecliptic^ ; whereby is 
found out the Quantity of the real darkening in 
Eclipfes, or how many Digits are darkened. 

argumentation, a Reafoning, or Proving by 
Arguments; a Dilputing for and againft. 

SftgPtftfe, (Gr.) the"Scum or Fome that rifes 
from Silver, or Lead that is mixed with Silver in 
the Refining-Furnace. 

argWItome, a fort of Cud-weed, an Herb. 

arg£2OCOmU0, a Silver-coloured Comet, that 
differs very little from the Solar Comet, except 
that it is of a brighter Silver Colour, and fhines 
with fo great a Luftre that it dazzles the Beholders 

Digitized by 



A R 

^ft U tttt tte^ (V.V. SUver>DiamDnd) a {fared- 
ous Stone of a bright Silver-Colour. 
> ^rgmtftW^ Talk* a fort ef Mineral Stoie. 
, jSrShtfm 1 ) tie Dodrine and Opinion* of jfrnw, 
a aoted Heretick in the Time of die Emperour 
Conftantine the Great, who deny'd the Son of God 
to be of the fame Subftance with the Father, and 
began to broach that damnable Hferfcfy about it 
A. C 315. 

#rittWW> <X#*;) the beaded Leak, or fee Leak, 
fotaHVi from Aricia or Aretfo, a Town in /r*£, 
where they thrive much. 
atitO, the F™*c£-Bean, or Kidney-Bean. 
itrfcS, a Ram, or Tap : Alfo a warlike Engine 
*$& by the ancient R&mms, fo* th£ littering down 
of City- Walls ; a ^reat Beam of Wood, ftreng- 
then'd with Iron-Spikes at the End, representing 
•"Rato's-Head. Alio among Aftronomers, the firft 
Sign of the T^odiatk^ which the Sun enters in the 
Beginning of March, and it is drawn on the Globes 
in the Figure of a Ram ; being a Conftellation or 
Company of 19 Stars, ufually exprefs'd by this 
Chafc&cr ( r). 

arietUtH letettO, (in old Records) a Spottiyc 
£xercife which feems to be a kind of Tilting, or 
{taming at the Quintain. 

2rifarum 5 {Gr.) a fmaU fort of Wake,Robin ; 
an Herb. 

To &i&, to rife up ; to take rife, or proceed 

9rfft&) (Lat. among Herbalifts) that long, flen- 
4kr 9 Needle-like Beard which grows out from the 
Husk of Corn or Grafs. 

<3rtffalt&*a, (Gr.) Marfli-MaHbws, or White- 
Ma Hows : an Herb. 

jlrtftOblflu^ (Gr. *'. *> b«ft Counfel) the Name 
of two Kings of Judt* of the Maccatoan Race. 

UttftOCratP, the Government of a Cbmmon- 
Wealth, where the Nobility only beir Rule \ as 
the States t>f Holland, the Republicks of Venice, 
Gewoa, &c. 

5BWftW«teal or artftWWtWb belonging tofuch 
a Government. 

SkrtMmWj corruptly calTd Aftrolofe, Hart, 
wort, or Birth-wort, an Herb good for Women in 
£bild*birth ; tb haften their Delivery, and fetch 
away the After- burden. 

To 3rite, ( old Word ) to arrcft, to ftay, or 

#rttbmtttorl, (Gr.) belonging to Arithmetick: 

arithmetical €wwltmte ef a Jiogatftlm, is 

what that Logarithm wants of 10.0000000. 

arit|>tmtifat gwgrrffion or i&jopostioti* See 

the Words PngreJJhn and Prof or nan. 

artttpltetiftall, one skilTd in Arithmetick 5 an 
able Accountant. 

tfnttWtetlcb, a Science which Teaches the 
Art of Accounting by Number, and alfo fliews all 
the Picrwers and Properties of Numbers or Dis- 
crete Quantity : It is divided into two General 
Jteanche*, vi%. Common Arithmetic/^ and Algebra j 
which fee. 

J8rf^ (Scripture Word) a kind of Ship or Boar ; 
as Noah's Ark, Mefes's Ark ; alfo a Cheft or Cofltr : 
Alfo a Country Word for a large Cheft, to put 
Fruit or Corn in. 

i*k Of tte CotWWW, fhe Cheft in which the 
Tables of the Lrbhical Law were kept, among the 
Ifratlites or ancient Jews. 

In<G*bm«ry, 0ftl or afeffe i* fome Pan of the 
Gucumfatence^f * Circle. See Arch. 

Art) cf Wrcttfmi or jpjogrrtnoH, (in Jftron.) 

k «h£t Ark <rf xh^^odtac^, which Planet appears 
todefcribc whWki Motion is forwards according 
to the Order of the Signs. In the Ptolematck. Sjflem, 
it is alfo the Ark of the Epicycle which a Planet 

defcribes, when it is PrtgfoffiVe according to the 
Order of the Signs. 

am of t*e drft tttftftait* flttatmr, is the Arch 

which a Planet defcribes in the former or the latter 
Semi-Circumference of its Epicycle, when it ap- 
pears Stationary. 

fllrk Of Hetrograftatfttt, is that which a Planet 
defcribes when it is Retrogade, or moves contrary 
to the Order of the Signs 

flrttf #rnn?, a Word us'd in fome Parts of 
England, tor Earncft-Money given to Servants. 

Jlrm Of 811 aittfpfe that Part of it to which the 
Flook is fet. 

To atllt a JMjOt, (in Gunneiy) is to roll O- 
kam, Rope-yarn, or old Clouts round about one 
End of the Iron-Spike or Bar, which paiTes thr©* 
the Shot, that it may be the better ramnVd home 
to the Powder ; and efprcially that the fharp End 
of the Bar may not catch hold in any Honey. 
Combs of the Piece, and fo endanger the Break- 
ing it. 

arftta Wrr, (in ancifar Latin Writers) to dub, 
or make a Knight. 

antia 90tlfta, fharp cutting Weapons, cJifttn- 
guifhed from thofe that only break or bruife, 
atmata, {Sfan.*) a Navy well Armed orManned. 
2rmatrtll(0, a Creature brought from the Weft- 
Indies, whom Nature has fo fortify *d with an Ar- 
mour-like Skin, that it cannot be wounded in any 
Part except the Fiank. 

anttaiT* a kind of Confedion for Horfes, made 
of Honey of Rofes, Crumi of white Bread, Pow- 
der of Nutmegs and Cinnamon, &c. 

armarium SWgunttUttt, ( Lat. ) a Weapon- 4 
Salve, by which wounds (as fome give out) may 
be curM at any Diftance only by Dreflinff the 
Weapon : It is alfo termed Hoplochr/fma and Magnet 
Micretojmcas. " 1 

armeil, (in Heraldry) a Term us'd for.repre- 
fenting the Beaks and Feet of Cocks, and all Birds 
of Prey ; and thefe are always painted of a diffe- 
rent Colour from the Bird it felf. Thus the ufual 
Expreffion is, He tears 4 Coc% or a Falcon Armed % 
Or, Gules, &c. 

In Sea-Aflairs, a Ship is faid C0 be #0*1*6* 
when it is every Way provided and furniftied for a 
Man of War : For a Armed. See 
To Arm a Shot. 
anmtlUg lapif . See Lapis Armenus. 
armtgzr, (Lau) a Title of Dignity, properly 
an Armour-bearer to a Knight, an Efquire, a Squire 
of the Body ; any one that bears, or gives a Coat 
of Arms. 

arittilla, a Bracelet or Jewel worn on the Ami 
or Wrift : Alfo an Iron-Ring, Hoop, or Brace, in 
which the Gudgeons of a Wheel move. 

artmDa $*mb:ai10fo (in *****) a Ligamett 
Band, or String that comprehends the other Liga- 
ments of the Hand, in a kind of Circle. 

grmttlarp jfrpfjerf, an Artificial hollow Sphere, 
made up only of Circles of Pafte-board, Wood, 
Brafs, Qc. put together and fet in a Frame ; fo as 
to reprefent the true Portion and Motion of all the 
Circles of the Sphere, both greater and leffer, in 
their Natural Order. 

armiltiatltrm, the Dodrine of the ArminianSt 
the Followers of Jacobus Arminius, who fpread 
abroad his Heterodox Opinions in Holland, A. D. 
1605 : They hold Free Grace and Uniyerfal Re- 

armtfalti, (Lat) a fort of Dancers in Armour, 
among the ancient Romans, who dane'd the Dance, 
call'd Yyrricha, keeping Time, by ftriking their 
Swords and Javelins againft their Bucklers. 

armlrt, a Piece of Armour for the Attn ; alfo 
a Bracelet of Pearl. 


Digitized by 


A R 

A R 

&rttt§lHatfe. See Bole-Armoniacl^ 
armontatfe J&att. See Sal-Awioniack. 

tfrmohiacfe. Moiatil* spirit, Set Volatile spirit 

of SaUA>moniac]{. 

0rmo#ria, (L</.) a kind of wild Radifti, Horfe- 

j3rm0?tal, belonging ro Armory $ as Armorial 

3raid:P, the fame as Heraldry • the Arc of Dis- 
playing and Marfhalling all Coats of Arins^ and 
Appointing them to their proper Bearers. 

£nttOUr, warlike Harnefs, defenfive Arms that 
cover the Body : In a Law-fenfe, it is taken for 
any Thing that a Man either wears for a Defence, 
or that in his Fury or Rage he takes into his Hand 
to throw at or ftrike another. 

&r*ItOUr£r, one that makes or fells all forts of 
Armour, Guns, Piftols, &c. 

SttttbtirP, a Store-houfe of Armour, a particu- 
lar Place, where Arms are laid up and kepr. 

JltttMb all manner of Weapons made ufe of by 
Men, either for Attacking others, or Defending 
rhcmfelves: In Falconry, Arms are the Legs of a 
Bird of Prey, from the Thigh to the Foot. 

3tmt>, a great Number of armed Men, or Sol- 
diers gather'd into one Body, confiding of Horfe, 
Foor, and Dragoons, under the Command of a 
glPitlB'-ZmV. See Camp Volant. 
antatoW or aruoltfa; (in old Latin Writers) 
a kind of Difeafe that makes the Hair fall c£F like 
the Alopecia, or Fox-evil 

ariwgllrtrum, (Gr.) the Herb Lambs-tongue, 
Plantain, Rib-wort, ot Way-bread. 
^ Strobe, a Portuguese Meafure for Sugar, contain- 
ing 2 J Bufliels. 

&I*ma, (Gr.) all fweet Spices ; as Cafiia, Cin- 
namon, Cloves, Mace, &c. and in general, all 
ions of Drugs, Grocery- Ware, 

jaromatfra #ur, Nurmeg. 

arotnattcal or ^romatfCft, having a fpiceySmell, 
fweet-fcenred, perfumed. 

anrniattcb ©olattle fra\t. See Saivoiatiu oico- 


aromatjteS, Hippocras, or Wine brew'd with 
Spice ; alio a precious Stone fmelling like Myrrh 

aromattjattmi, or aromattjing of %otctnc0, 

is mingling them with a due Propoition of Spices 
aromatick Drugs, & c . in order to make them more 
pleafant and ufeful. 

aromatO:e!a, a Seller of Spices, a Grocer a 

arOtt or arum, an Herb called Wake-Robin, 
Cuckoe-pintle, or Ramp ; which is of a very bi* 
ntig Tafte, and the Juice good to cleanfe foul 

arougimwi, a Wild Beaft in Virginia, fomewhat 
like a Badger. 

arprm, ( Fr. ) a Meafure of Land usM in 
France, containing ioo fquanf Perches of 18 Foot 

£rp|aWD, (Heb.) the Son of Sheni ; alfo a 
certain King who was defeated by Nebuchadnez- 
zar. ^ 

areata, (Lat.) the Curlew, a fort of Fowl, 
fo call d from its crooked Beak : Ar quota Congener, 
the Stotie-Curlew. * ' 

arquacra mbu*, the Jaundice, a Difeafe fo 1 
calld from its refembling the Colour of the Rain- 
bow, in Latin, Arquus or Arcus CctUftis 

arqUCbufeor^arquebufg, (F*) alargeHand- 
Gan, (omewhat bigger than our Musket, which 
fome call a Caliover. 

arqtltt**, (Lat.) an Order of Soldiers among 
the old Romans, who (hot Arrows out of Bows ; 
Bew-men, Archers. 

#rratk an Herb of two forts, vlfr one called 
Garden- Arrach, the other wild and ftinking Ar- 
rach; which laft is alfo known by the Names 0^ 
Dogs-Art acb, Goats. Arracb, and ftinking. Mother 

flrratatiO iBrtrttlim, ( in ancient Latin Deeds) 
the Arraying of Foot-Soldiersi 

To #rratjph (Fr. Law-Term) to fcr a Thine in 
Order, or m its Place. 

To atratffH tlje afllje, is to caufe the.Teoant 
to be call'd, to make the Plaint, and to fee the 
Caufe in fuch Order, as the Tenant may be fore'd 
to Anfwer thereto. 

A Prifoner is alfo fo {kid Efl be arrawraD at the 
»ar of a Cwirt of Suffice when he is indidfcd 

and bro ught forth, in order ro his Tryal. 

Arraignment, the Ad of Arraigning a Prifoner 

Arrant, meer, downright, as An Arrant DumcL 
Fool, Xfrave, Sec. * 

Arra^angingS, a fort of rich Tapeftry made 
at Arras, a large City cf the County of Artois in 

Artap, (old Fr. ) Order: In Common-Law 
the ranking or fctting forth of a Jury or Inqaeft 
of Men, impannelled upon a Caufe : Whencethe 
Phrafes, To Array a Pannel, The Array (ball be 
quajbd, &c. * 

In the Art of War, 2rrap is the drawing up, or 
ranking of Soldiers in Order of Battle 

Jrrapcr* or Crawffflaier* of art**, ceita :a 

Officers, whofe Bufinefs is to rake Care of the 
Soldiers Armour, and to fee them duly accoutred 

awarage* or arrears, the Remainder of any 
Rents or Moneys unpaid at the due Time, the Re- 
mains of a Reckoning, or Debt : In a ftridk 
Law-fenfe, k fignifies the Remainder of an Ac 
count, or Summ of Money in the Hands of an 

^rtectaria, (Lot. in ArcbiteB.) Beams, Pofts, 
Pii lafs, or Stones in Buildings, that ftand uprieht! 
to bear the Weight above them. 6 

arrCCtatue, (La^.word) fufpedied, accufed of. 
or charged with. ' 

amnatUS, arraigned, or brought fonh to a 

arrentere, (in the Prafiick of Scotland) is to 
let Lands to any one for a yearly Rent 

arbitration, (in the Forcft-Law)*a Licenfing 
an Owner of Lands in a Foreft, to enclofe them 
with a low Hedge and a little Ditch, under a 
yearly Rent 1 And faving of the Anentations 9 
is the refervmg a Power to grant fuch Licen' 

atttft, (fr.) a Stop, or Stay ; a Tudcment 
Decree, or final Sentence of a^ourc: f„ 0U r 
Common-Law, a (topping or feizing of one s Per- 
foil, by Order of fome Court, or of fome Offi- 
cer of Juftice. 

. *•- •*% or r **** to Zttta of auDgmcnt, 

h ° K K CaU v W , hy J ud « men » Should be 8 S?5 
tho there be a Verdid in the Cafe : And To pie, d 
,n Arrtjl of ukgg the Jnqueft upon a former If. 

be*' taken ^ ^ *" ***** ^ 0uld «« 

^rrrffanfito *oni« ite DiOlpnitw, a Writ in 

favour of one whofe Cattle or Goods 'are feiz5 by 
another, who durmg theConteft, does, or is like ' 
ro make them away and will hardly' be able to 
make Satisfaction afterwards 

ftctfirrwium m obfirquium jrcgts, & c a X 

that lies for the Apprehending of a Man A. t, 
S« P^ft Money/ towards the kirtwS J?5 
hides himfclf when he fl.ould ro ' " d 

ffCnOJUm, a Writ that lies for a Denize n, aga i!ft 


Digitized by 


A R 

A R 


the Goods of Strangers in another Country, found 
within the Kingdom, to make amends for Goods 
taken fiom him in that Foreign Country, after de- 
nial of Reftkution. 

To jEfrtft, to lay blame on, an old word us'd 
by Chaucer. 

jStrttttB) (Law-Term) that is fummoned ' before 
a Judge, and charged with a Crime : It is alio 
Ibmcttmes usM for imputed, or laid unto ; as No 
ftffy Buy he arretted to him % being under Age. 

JbXtettA&Ml, (Fr.) a Prodamation whereby all 
Gentlemen in France, that hold Eftates of the King 
by * mefne Tenure, or Knights-fervice, are fum- 
moned ro appear in Arms, to ferve him in his 
Wan : AUb the Affembly of the Perfons fo fum- 

jbriftMEfuatB, the Rear of an Army, or that 
pair of ir which marches afcer the main Battel, to 
hinder and ftop Deferters, (3c 

J&tftal? arriving, or coming. 

To J8rttitf, (properly to come to the Bank or 
Shore) to come to a Place, to attain to, to corn- 
pals a thing. 

JfotObW, a kind of foreign Weight. See Upove. 

arroganrt or arrogant?, ( L*t.) Pride, Pre- 
fmnpnoD, HaughtineU, Self-conceit. 

j&Rftftnt, proud, haughty, prefumptuous. 

To WTCffBt** to claim, challenge, pr attribute 
10 one's fe»f, to take upon one's felf. 

jbtvW$£8fo, a Water-herb, fo calTd, becaufe 
the Leaves of it refemble the Head of a three- 
forked Arrow. 

jSMe, the Fundament, Breech, or back Parts. 
In the Sea-Language, the Arfe of a Blocks or Pulley, 
through Which any Rope runs, is the lower end 
of it. 

gt&fOOt, a Water-fowl, otherwife catTd the 

Ettje Didapper. 

fltfe 4ill«rt or WtttfMW9 * f ort of Herb. 

atfe4*rf« or £rfp4)etfp* Heels over Head, 
icqpfy-turvy, propofteroufly* 

j3tfttlSl? {&•) * Roy al or Publick Store-houfc 
of Arms, and all foits of warlike Ammunition ; 
a PJff* appointed for the making and keeping of 
tvery thing that is neceffarjr for Defence and 

^rfimltl^ a Mineral Body, confifting of much 
Sulphur and fome Cauftick Salts, of which there 
are three forts, •/*. white, yellow, and red. 

4WfflilU*of jatftltttfc, a Chymical Compofition, 
for Subftance like Butter, made of Nitre, Tartar, 
Orpinjent, Scales of Steel, and corrofive Sublimate. 

KubP Of jBtftnftfe* a Preparation of Arfenick 
witfi Sulphur, or Brimftone, by means of feveral 
repeated Sublimations, which give it the tin&ure 
or die of a Ruby. 

flrft llOgPIPlt, (Gr.) an Herb which being fteep'd 
in Wine, and drunk off, procures the getting of a 
Mai* Child. 

Staff* a raffing or lifting up, the railing of the 
Yeice in Pronunciation 5 alfo a taking away, or 
from.* ' . - „ 

8x0$ i £lffffi*> certain Terms in Mufical Com- 
pofirion : Thus a Point being inverted or turned, 
is faid, To move fer Arfin and The/in, that is to 
% when a Point rifes in^ one Part, and falls in 
another ; or on *he contrary) when it fells in one 
Part, and rifes in another 5 which occafions a very 
agreeable Variety. 

jJtfMrt, fin old Latin Records) the Tryal of 
Money by Fire, after the coyning of it. 

f&t* (L^,) *U thw which is performed by the 
Wit and Induftry pf Man j a CoHeSion of Rules, 
Inventions and Experimeqts, which being obferv'd, 
give Succefs to our Undertakings in all manner of 

iUbf*3i SlttB am pelmet, fach as are noble 
and genteel, vi^. Grammar, Rhetoric*, Mufick, 
Phyfick, the Marhematicks ; as AtHhmetick, 
Geometry, Aftronomy, Navigation, ^c. • See 

<$>fCfj6ttiffc 0rt$-> are thofe that more require 
the Jabour of the Hand and Body, than of the 
Mind ; as thofe of Statuaries, Carvers, Gravers, 
Chafers, Sfc. 

Art and Jtytt, (North-Country Tenp) as To be 
Art and Part in the committing of a Crime ^ i. e. 
when one was both a Contriver, and adted his part 
in it. 

JJrtfltttflfoV Cjueen of Curia and Wife of Jvhtufo* 
Jus, who built fo llately a Totpb for her deceafed 
Husband, that it was counted one of the Seven 
Wonders of the World : Alfo the Herb Mug- wort, 
or Mother- wort; which took Name from that 
Princefs, and is of great Virtue in all Difeafes pe- 
culiar to Women. 

To fltten, to conftrain, or force. Chaucer. 
#rttrta, (Gr. in An*t.) an Artery : The Arte- 
ries are thofe hollow skinny Veffcls like Veins, in 
which the moft thin and hotteft pan of the Blood, 
together with the Vital Spirits, pafs through the 

;3rt*lia *ttt* or JpJgna, the great Artery, a 
Vcflll, confifting of Kur Coats, aijd continually 
beating, which carries the Jpirituous Blood from the 
left Ventricle of the Heart, by its Branches to all 
Parts of the Body. 

jattfrta Cocltera. See Cctliack. Attery. 

flmria trachea or afprta, (/. e. the rough . 

Artery ) the Wind-pipe, a griftly Veffei which 
confifts of feveral Rings and Parts ; its ufe be- 
ing to form and convey the Voice ; to take in 
Breath, &c. 

flrterfa tHflttTa, the Vein of the Lungs: See 
Putmonaria Vena. 

arttrfac a $rttamfnta , Medicines that cure 
Difeafes in the Wind-pipe, and help the Voice. 

Sttcrtafl, a Medicine for the Arteries. 

jSlrtmal, belonging to thofe VefTels. 

#rttrtOfa (Hrna. See Pulmonaria Arteria. 

iJrtfriCtCttrP, in artificial cutting or opening of 
an Artery, for the letting of Bleod in an obftinate * 
Head-ach, Madnefs, Falling- Sicknefs, &c. and the 
Incifion is ufiially made in the Fore-head, Tern- 
pies, or behind the Ears. 

artljaitfta, the Herb Sow-bread. 
J3rtj)ftica* the Cowflip, Ox-lip, or Primrofe ; a 

attliritte or Qpeihm J3[rttarfarte ? the Gout, a 

Pain in the Joynts of the Limb?, accompany'd with 
Swellings, Rednefs, hard Knobs in feveral Parts of 
the Body and other Symptoms. 

#tt$rttfe ^lanctica or tBaffa, the wandering 
Gout, a Difeafe that flies or moves about, caufing 
Pain fometimes in one Limb, and fomerimes in 
another. ** 

3to||rttkal or jart|riticS, difcafed in the Joynts, 
belonging to, or troubled with the Gout. 

flttfjTODla, (in Anat. ) a kind of Joyrtting, 
whereby Two Benes are joyn'd together, with a 
flat Head received irito a Cavity or Hollow of a 
fmall Depth ; as the Head of the Shoulder- bone 9 
with the Cavity of the Scapula or Shoulder- 

#rt&rtt> a Joynt, or a joyning together of 

$Xi#ltMti f the fame as Articulation ; which 

Arthur, a famous warlike King of the Mritdins^ 
who teat the Saxon; in feveral fet Battels. 

arttC^Ote, a known Plane of an e*ceflent 
ftrengthening Quality. 

Digitized by 


A R. 

fetttfatnn4ttttct}0fee, a Plane near of the fame 
Namrtftas Potatoes. 

jOrttCfc ij&0te. See Arait\ Pole. 

Sttitlt*, ( Lit. ) a Condition in a Covenaftc ot 
'Agreement $ a chid Head of a Difcourfe, Writing 
Trtatife, Account, (&. a Point, Claufe, or fmall 
Member of a Sentence. 

In Grammar,, Article is a fmall Word that ferves 
to diftinguifli the Genders of Noons, and is there- 
fore commonly fet before them, throughout their 
feveral Declenfionsj as o, i, ii y in the Greek, 
tTongue, and hie, hxc, hoc in the Latin. 

In Arichmetick, Article fignifies Ten, with all 
other whole Numbers that may *be txa&ly divided 
into ten Parts, as 10, io, 30, 40, &c. Thefeare 
alfo fometimes calltd Decads, and fometimes fyund 

attide* Of t|e ClcrgP, Statutes or Ordi- 
nances, made about Ecciefiaftical Perfons and 
Caufes. ■ 

To Uttitltf to make, or draw up Articles* 

jarttctilarte fynbw. Set Arthritis. 

fltttCUtate, difhndi, as when Words are fo 
clearly , pronounced, that one may hear every 

Ilttituiate J*OtJIl60, fuch Sounds as can be ex- 
prcfe'd by Letters, and ferve to make Words. 

flrtiCUlattOtl, (in Grammar) is that part of it 
which treats firft of Sounds and Letters, and then 
of the manner of their Combination, or joyn- 
ing together for the composing of Syllable! and 
Word*'; fo that a Man who utters bis Words, 
diftin&ly and clearly, is faid, To fromunee them 

In; Anatomy, SCtiCUlatiOH, is a joyhing together 
of the Limbs of an Animal Body, for the due 
performing of Motion : and it is otherwife calTd 
ArthtQJi*. Among Herbalifts, Articulatim is taken 
for the Joynts or Knots that are in fome HusHs or 
Codf^tas. tkofe of the Herb Ornithopthodium or 
fiirds»fo6t, and in the Roots of Potygonaton or 
Solomons Seal. 

SrttCUlus, ( Lat.) a Joynt in the Body of a 
Living-Creature ; a knuckle of the Fingers, a Joynt 
er Knot in Plants : Alfo an Article or Condition in* 
a Covenant, &c a chief Head in a Difcourfe : In 
fome of our ancient Writers ; an Article or Com- 
plaint prefented by way of Libel in a Spiritual 

•rttfice, a Trick, Slight, or Knack ; a cunning 
Fetch, or crafty Device. 

flrttficet, one that profefles fome Aft ot Trade ; 
a Handicrafts- man, a Wotkman. 

Artificial., done according to the Rules of Art* 
Artful. ' 

artificial JDap. See Day. 

»UifiCial %vit« 9 (on a 'Seder or Scale) are 
Line fo contrived as to reprelent the Logarithmick 
Sines and Tangents, which by the help of the Line 
of Numbers, will folve ail Queftions in Trigono- 
metry, Navigation,^. 

grttfiCiai J$UttArt0, are Logarithms, and Lo- 
garithmical Numbers relating to Sines, Secants, 
Tangents, ($c. 

flrttlletp, warlike Furniture comprehending all 
forts of Fire-arms, vi%. Cannons, Mortar-pieces* 
Carbines, Musket*, fgc. with their Appurtenances 5 
as Bombs, Granado s, CarcaiTes, &e. 

flfttHcrp^Companp, a particular Company of 
Citizens of London^ train'd up and -well-skill'd id 
Military Difcipline. 
flrtifan, (Lat.) an Artificer, or Tradefmen, 
art III, * Matter of any Art, an ingenious Work- 

MltQlagmw or flrtol8ganum > (Gr.) fine Cake- 


bread ; a Flawn, a Cuftard t a Cheefe-cake. 
UrtOthcIi, Broth made of Hdtfty a«d'krea<j. 
artllfl, (Lot.) the Members, Limbs, jor hunts of 

^rtJat JBr:0t^Cr3, (among the fymani) a Corpo- 
ration of Priefts, Twelve in ^JunHber^ who be- 
fides their performance of Sacriftee^ were appointed 
Judges of Land-marks, 1'. A ' ' 

*rtar, jBrtrt!, or 3tfa!, (oWv/ovd) a Burial, 
or Funeral Solemnity. 

arttfklSzcaD, the Loaves diftribured to the Pbor 
upon fuch Occafions. '".-"* 

flrtJfl^upptr, a Feaft or Entertainment given 
at Funerals ; a Cuftom ftill obferv'd in fome of the 
North and North-weft Parts of England. 

^tttfifiteflBlmC, a fort of Greek, Wine brought 
from 4* vis, now Amijia a Town in the Ifland of 

»rum, ( Gr. ) the Herb Wake-Robin, whofe 
Root is an excellent Remedy againft Poifqh, the 
Plague, and other Diftempers. 

artlta, (Lat. far Aratura) a Word u* # d in an- 
cient Deeds fot ploughing : Vna Arura, one Days, 
work at the Plough. 

arpfsna, ( Gr. ) a little Bafon or Difh, a Ba- 
thing- VeffeJ, 4 a Pitcher to draw Water or Wine 
with, a Veflel like a Ladle^ to take up any Li- 

fcrWaflrififlg/fin Anat) two Cartilages or Gri- 
ftles, which with others make up the top of the 
Larynx or Wind-pipe, and ferve to render the Voice 
more fhrill or deep .- They *re fo nam'd, becaufe 
when their Proceffes are joyn'd together, they re- 
prefent the Mouth of an Ewer, or the indented Lip 
of a Cup or Vcffel They are alfo callM Guttu- 
rals, upon the fame account from the Latin word 
Gtutumium, a Laver or Ewer. 

*rptnwiBeu$, the fmalleft Mufcle belonging t# 
the Larynx, which arifes from the outward part of 
one of the Arytanoidal Griftles, and running crofs- 
ways, is inferted to the other. 

arptjjllrtljl, a Term us'd by fome Writers in 
Phyfiok.t for a Pulfe which is fo far loft that it can- 
not be any longer felt. 

**, {Lat.) otherwife call'd JU b?a and gOfflja, a 
Uprnan Pound weighr, containing 12 Ounces j or 
any entire thing divided into Twelve Parts, as an 
Inheritance, an Eftate, &e. in which Cafe the Pajts 
were nam'd Ounces. 90 is alfo an ancient Coin 
made at firft of Copper, without any Stamp, in 
Value according to our Money not above Half- 
penny-farcbing. 9 * 

flfa, (Heb. a Healer of Sicknefs) a Name 'of a 
King of Judah, who deftroy'd the High Places, 

*tS Hulrig, (Lat.) the Gum, otherwife call'i 
Benjamin or Benzoin. 

Jlfa fa?tiDa 9 a fort of Gum prefc'd out of a cer- 
tain Plant, which grows in Perfia, and is good for 
Women troubled with fits of the Mother. ; 

3(&|el, (Heb. God has wrought) 7**^s Brother; 
who by his fwiftnefs overtaking Abner, was kilTd 
by him. 

afapk (i *- Gathering) a famous Mufician & 
mong the ancient Jew, and one of the chief of 
King Damid'i Choir. 

*tapWf3 (Gr.) Obfcurity^ Uncertainty: fa a 
Medicinal Senfe # a lownefs of Voice proceedin£ 
from an ill Fiame or Difpofitioa of the OrflanTof 
Speech. wrrr 

SStntiy the forlorn Hope of tht rur\ifk tootr 

&JJIS: whoarc fct upon ^}>^m^Mm^^ 

injj with thick, round, fhining Leaves like tEofc 
orthe Yiolei, butjarpcr: The ^aye* ; ai*££ch 

Digitized by 


A & C 

flftrottltlty (among the Romans) a for^o^ne 

Pavement. ia x Riaing*rooms, {mail l&les of 

fevcj^l Cpfoufiy fo aru^ci^Hy cpot4v*d andi&Jaid, 

> rfiaube Room, ly^fa as if it w$rfi noti^p^ b^t 

* the fcraps were left on the, floor. h *, , , , 

the Fire, be panfy'd by it, a#4 yet nQt continue;: 
Ii isjnade oJf l^Ston* 4'kftM* W& ^jr/fop^call'd 
Xinum Vitwm. ^ v 

3sbCttDfl r a fort of Ston£ of which Cloth was 
tancientfy m^de;, that would noi bora or wafte,tiip' 
thrown into a great Fire $ thq f^mc with Amiantus $ 
which fee. 
. * ^Iffalabeteg, a kind efE vet, or Eft. 



affalOIUa or jafcalOHtum, alprt of Onion, which 

,a ScaUioiv 

toojt Name; from flfotlon a noeffi <Pity of Idtmaa ; 

jafcariWfi, little Worms which breeding in the 
Intcjiintfm Rffhitn, or Straight Gut, tickle and trou- 
bfe it ; Arje-worjns, the BptMfl Hcffes. 

0fcauilfe, (old Word) a-th wart, or a crofs^ 
*, To&fcenft, (L*f.) to gorget or climb, up, to rife 

afrniBailt,. (in Ajfrol.) the Degree of the Equa- 
tor, or that j>art of the Heaven which rifes or is 
coining above the Horizon in the Eaft, when any , 
Perfon is born : 'Tis alfo caU'd- the Horofcm y the 
the Angle of. the Eaft, and jthe firft Houfe }n a 

" Scheme or Figure : In a Figurative Senfc, Af<;en- 
4**t is taken for an Over- ruling, or Powerful Influ- 
ence over any on£. AUb a Term w Afjc&te&urc, 

* t Sec Chambrtklc* .; \ ' > j . 1 

{' S&SttCCtt, an afcen4ing, if arUing, goings or get-' 
ting up. 

MttVfateWHlVh a, Feftivtf kept Ten Days before 

Jifoitfintidc, in, remembrance; oi our Blefle^ Savi- 
our's Afc^ofion or going up into ^fiven, and; $om- 

!rnonry callM Holy thurftfajr. , , , Jl} . r 

£f«nfior# am> JDeTtrnfions of &igns, (in .-#W; 

arfe Arct« pf th<e Equaspr, which rile wfet with* 
fuch a Sign or Part of the Zodiack, or with ^ny [ 
Planet * or Sw !h*ppeping to r be therein j j«bich v 
are either Right or Oblique. , v , , 

'" Wfgtjt Ifartjoty is ^ a ? 4 P^5 cc i°f th ^ Eqwttor, 

* Counted ftorn. the beginning oi -rfr^i, wbi^n^fes 
^Wi^i the Sign, Sun^ or S^ar on t^e Horiaoaof a 
'Rtghc Sphere : Qr jp is ^b^ : I?cgrcc ind Miape 

0f the Equinoctial, which comes to the Meridian 
'with the the Sun or Star, or wkb any fjoinc ofvthe 
Heavens. r , , it 

* ' fJblijue iJfcrttfiOII, is that Degree and Minute 
• f qf/the Equmor ; which rifes with the Center of the 
'Sith or Star, or with any Point of the Heay^nspn 
r the HonVon of an Oblique Sphere. 

: WttnffWal SDiflPtrniCe, is the Number of De- 
grees remaining after Subtraction of the Obliqqe 
from die Right Afcenfion .• Or it is the (pace of 
Time the Sun rifes or fets, before or after Six of 
the Clock; 

. flfcttt, the Ad of afcend^ng or going,up ; the 
Jfttjtfpnefs.of a Hill, a Rifing ground: la Logici $ 
that fort of Reafoning, in which we proceed from 
Particulars to Univerfals. ' . . • 4 

* To attmatll, (f. d. to affert for certain) to af- 
lofe, to fix ^r fe a Price, &c. t /^ . 

v ^atftttffc, ((Jr.) belonging to Religious txpey 
(t% as Mediiatipe, Prayer, &q. A Term in Divi- 

Tffhy? ^y^ '\ \ t '.\ . '; ". f //';,. 

' 3frbWt£rtnnit, an Herb fo called from 6|u^h(qg f 
becaufe when any we comes n$ ar it, if. gathers its 
Efttf&^m.' ;Se^ ' jE[ifyp9menous and, Stx/ihve . 

^B^iilP'iS^^Aofe' People that have, no 
TOtlows, by rcafpn^hat the Sw at Noon bfing 

twice a Year in their %f%it<h o* jVmkaJfciWtti^'dicir 
Bodies then do.npt paft aj&fy Sh«d>gi^;ifid fuch 
are the Inhabi^nts of ,the/Totrid Zonevi „ \ : . .t 

. afcitft^ a kipd of D^fpfic^.whan aMo£ Wa- 
tery Humours, wkh a. lurl/ W*nd 4s gaihcra be- 
tween the inner Rim of *hfc Belly 4ad the Giitf, 
which caufes the lowq: JBelIy> ^c^nm, rThiflhs anci 
Feet to fwell and ftand out as it were m Bottle, 

call'd Afcoi in Gre^- ■-, • , ... 

ja&itiffe, belonging ko, ' or trou)>le4 with the 

Afcites. ; • j f ,rv , ., • < 

arckpiascan dHterfti a foa of. Gw^'or jl^;* 

Verfe^ coniiftuig pfFour Feei; w*4- A Spondee^ a 
Choriambus and Two Da<ftyJs,; **M*c*n*s *twii 
e4itc regibus. fior%, /,. nl4 ifc , . Jf . ,.\; 

0fc6ptaf, an Herb with long BrancJbe&aad ma- 
ny Roots, Leaved likq. J\jy ; Swallow,w6rcj^ Sil- 
ken Cicely; chiefly us'd againft tlic tPl^gue^uid 
other Infectious Difeafcs. 

affOitefUMtti, a kind of JHajv cilW, J«x k» f^ 
HjIc, in which Boys hopping on one Leg, beat one 
another with Gloves or pieces of Leather;- ', 

, To AtCV\b£, ( iMf ) to. aatihwe ^or impute, to 
father a thing upon one, 

^fCWOn, (Qr.) an Herb oali'd &. nitf&Mfat. 

&feUU£, (L#*>) a little.Ais, an Afs Colt or young 
Als : Alfo .the Cod-fiik.or Stock.fifh 5 Haberdine, 
or Barrel-cod : Alfo the. Titer's Lowfe or Sow; an 
Infca. . . , 

. SLkftH*. #Ulfl? t the Whiting or Bu^fahoro, a 
Fi(h, AfcUm Af/^r f the.Coal^ilh, Coal- Whiting, 
orPolijp^Ju, . ; ; 

Mfbi a Quick-thriving Tree that deligbwio aFat 
and Chalky Soil : It is retmud to be M*le/*nd Fe- 
male, t *ne<growiog- chiefly on high (5foind^ and 
tjn? other in Plains. ( - , ,| , v 

Rty&XCor S&atlfcjfofc, the mildeft Fi^ns'd ki 
Cbymical Operations, when the Veflel tbac cob- 
tains the Matter to be heated* is covered uodeneath 
^and ,^n 3 all fides, wiph . Alhes, Sand, or-^Ae Filings 
of Iron. ' .,*',''. 

f fifoWtXltitftoP^ the Firft Day ot 'pent, fo cal- 
ledf from f *he ancient, Cuftom o^iWbr»gki Sack- 
Cloath, . with Aftiqs on the Hf ad, in*Token of Re- 
pentance. . , ' , . 

aMfflttrt, a' kind of Herb. 

#16#> v [ff*l>. Bieflednefs or Happinels) the* Son 
of Jacob by' Qplah, and founder of one of the 
Twelve. Xribefe.of<ilur^4!*//'£J. ^ , 

3(bW, ,(/. i bleiled or beholding; the Son of 
Sbw ; alfo the Lapd o? AJfiri* ..*.'. 

Jjfia, one of the Four Parts of the World, faid to 
be (o c^I'd from M^ xht Wife, $i Jftrpfatbeus, or 
from tjie Hebrew )ypr4,^/^. *■ ff ^ Rjrc, yvl^ich was 
generally worOiipped in ptrfia anil' oilier Pans of 
that Cgnunent. .{ , ' ;;.* 

^ftatiCB0, the People or Inhabicanrs of AjiaJ , 

An ^l(^wr > (in a Pk*y)rthac which is /pokenaficfc 
on the St^gc, as if, icwere not hea^d by "the other 
A&ors. ' , . " . 

jailUlB. or. SKJ&UUty (rUO a grpat Jly <hat bites 
Cattle j the Horfc-flyor Breez, the Whame or 
Gad-Fly. . ' , ' . ; 

Sjfiltl0 #arirW0, theSeabree^, an Infod whi^i 
gets under the Fins of the Tunney and other great 
Fiflies, and ftings them fo grievoufly, that fome- 
times they: leap out of the Sea into Ships. 

^ffWffa, (Gr. in fome Writers of. the Art of 
PbjjicIO ajvunnioveablenefc of the whole Body, or 
^of any part of icj as in a Palfie; 'Apoplexy, 
Swooanjg^ ££<?. 

mtlHfa (i^) the Afs. a flnggifh Beift ; alfa a 
Block-head, or heavy dull Fellow, ' ,. ■ 

J^fiO a great Owl with long Feathtt* fttfhding up 
like £ars, r the Horn Owl. 

G 2 


Digitized by 





J8*fca»ttti (did Watd) as whok.**k*™*, ». *- to 
look flde-Way*. ■ ! < ' 

jafmoMtffe, the Name rif a certain Evil Spirir, 
mentioned to the Apocryphal Book of Tlfcff. 

&l]p or J&ftrt'ttte, a kind of white Poplar, the 
Leaves of Which arfe fttoilF and always tremble. 

0Tp'or &$te, a lk& Serpent whofe Bite is dead- 
ly. S&Xfpts. — 

afcatetjium ot SQMltttyHL (Gr.) Rofe-Wood, 
the Wood of a fmall Tfaornty Shrub, trftt and bit* 
ter to the Tafte ; fometitries fold for Lignum Aloes, 
which it mtkh refembles. 

jRflWragUi, a Plarit calTd Sparrow.grafs by the 
Common People ; whofe firft Shoots being boil d 
are counted a dainty Difii at their firft coming in 
the Spftng-time : Atriong Herbalifb, it is taken for 
the firft Sprout 6r Shoot of a Plattt, coming otrt 
before the leaves are unfolded ; which may either 
be eaten by it fclf. or boit'd in Broth. 

afparagus ^plfccftrts, wild Sperage. 

SJfpftt, (Lat.) Looks, the Air of one's Counte- 

In Aftrblogy, #fpttt is, when Tv*o Planets are 
joynM with, or beheld of each other ; or when 
they are placM at fucih a Diftance in the ^odiac/^ 
that they mutually help or afflidk dne another, or 
have their Virtues, encreas'd or fpoilM : They are 
ufuaffy counted Five in Nuttber, vi% The Scxtile, 
Qtiartile, Trine, Ofpefitien and Conjunction, befides 
Eight iiew Afpe&s added by Kjplir. viz. Dentifcx- 
iile, Decile, Ottile, Quintile, Tredecile, SefqtiibauArtile, 
Bifuintile and Quincunx} all which fee in their 
pro*** Places, f ' 

aftttwree. Seeftfy* 

afpfti (Lat.) rough, rugged, (harp, harth ; alfo 
the Sharpling, a kind of Fi(h : Alfo a "turkjfa 
Coin hi valde about five Farthings of oar Englijh 

Sttj^Zttttta. See Atteria trachea. 

»l*Wftlte $lWt&X y (among HerbalrftsJ fodgh- 
leaVed Plants, fuch as have their Leaves plac'd al- 
ternately, or in no certain Order oh the Stalkf, 
ind whofe Flower is Monopetalous, or confifting 
only of orie Angle Leaf cut or divided into : Five 
Partitions, as Hounds-Tongue , Wild-fetfglofs , 
Comfrey, &c. 

afiWfcp, Ronghnefo, Sharpnefs, Harfhheft. In 
a Pixlofophical Senfe, the Roughnefs or Hoeven- 
nefs of the Surface of any Natural Body, fo that 
foihe frari* of it ftick otft fo above the reft, as to 
hinder one's Hand, (§c. from pafling over it eafily 
and freely. 

To SHWrlK to Defame or Slartder, to fpeak Evil 
of, to eaft a Blemifh upon one's Reputation. 

dfyftrffOlt, (properly a fprinkling or dafhing of 
Water, #c.) a Befpattering, a Slander, a falfe Im- 

StfpCruIa, the Herb Wood-row or Wbod-roof, 
by fome call'd Stare, Liver- wort; which is of 
good ufe in the Jaundice. 

SUftaUfttfc (Gr.) a Lake of Judaa, commonly 
caird the Dead- Sea, whefe a Sodom and Gotnorrdb, 
with three other noted Cities once ftood in a moft 
fruitful Valley. 

0fp^8ltO^ a fort of Bttunten or Pitch, gather'd 
of that Lake. 

jafpfjtfleltl^ the Daflbdil or Daffadown-difly ; a 
Plant and Flower. 

dfyjjttlft, a kind of Flower, dtherwife calFd 
Kings-fpear. • 

£Ktf)?rta, (in the Art of PbfickY* Ceffation . 

of the Pulfe throughout 'the whole Bbdy ; which ' 
is the higheft degree of Swooning atfd next to 

<£fp8ttM* a Precious Stofle of a Sflrer-coltrar, ! 
good againft Lunacy : Alfo a fparkling Arabian 

Gem, found in fome Birds-neits, ami* good for 
thofe that are troubled with the Spleea. 

Tor ^ttate^ Lot.) to ptoaounc* wfoh *& Afpi- 

ftfytratiOIl, Breathing, the feBching or droving 
in of the outward Ahr : In tfrirjt&ifcrj a Mark 
which is exprefe'd ^hus^ (') aad ufatfUy fet over 
a QMk.Wi!wtl t to give & the ft«e drtfaftlMind 
of the Letter b : iThts We pronounce fome SyU 
labks or Word* Which have <that Letter before 
tbeib, ftrongly with a good deal of Breath, and 
fome Vehemency; as baft, hear, beat, $c. 
Whereas if the b were left Out, they would be 
.founded much fofter and eafier; lis aft, ear, eat, 

To ar#W to a C$ft% 9 to c&vet or defire it With 
£ameftne(s, ambiMdufly to feck or aim at. 

j3Qtt, (Gr.) the^lfp or Afpick, a moft Venomous 
Serpent, having its Eyes not in the Forehead, but 
in the Temples : One kind kills by Tfiirft; another 
by Sleep, and a third by Blood ; the Parties bit by 
them, either Thirfting, Sleeping, or Bleeding to 

j3fplCWrt or jarpimhim, the Herb Oterach, Mile 
wafte or Spleen-wort, fo call'd upon an account of 
its Virtue in Curing Difeafes of the Sptfeeti. 

afprtBaf, (Lat.) an Hetb call'd great Shave- 
grafs or Horfe-tiil. 

afl& foettoa* See jafa fcettM* 

To #ffiflil, (Fr) to Aflauit or Attack, to fet 

jSCTatlant, one that Aflaults or fets upon another^ 

0ffarabark. See afawbatcaw 

jEUTapaiticfe, a flying Squirrel, a Hale Creature,' 
peculiar to Virginia and A4*r)\md in the Weft-In- 

0ffatt, (Jr. Law-Term; aft Oflfcnc*?t*ttuifitted 
in a Foreft, by pulling upiy the Roots the Woods 
or Thickets that are Covert for the Deer, fir as they 
can never grow again, and by making all Ploughed 

To dffint, to grtfo up Trefcs, Shrubs, Buflfcs, &*.• 
by the Roots. 

An 3flMI1natt, a PrMte or Treacherous Mur- 
der, Villany. 

To Sff&intMtf? to Mtrder one privately, or bar- 

affaffil!^, a Private or Treacherous Murderer 
that kills another for <?ain, t>t upon Hope o^'Prd- 
mife of Reward. 

fUUSintSy a prectfe SaSt of Mahometans, fill'd 
with the very Spirits of that Poifonous Superftt- 
tion : They had Six Cities in their PoflWBbn, and 
were about Forty thoufand in Number, living near 
Antaradus in Syria. At the Commarid ©f tltdrCbi^f 
Matter, they wduH refofe no Pairt of Peril ; fo 
as even ro ftab any Prmce whom he- ap^diftted for 
Dcftrucftion : Whence thofe that *ne r<*ady to ex- 
ecute bloody Defijgn* ate comiftonly jcall'd Aflbfi 

3UTath or 3ffatfy> an old Cuftom among the 
m/jfh, Wheteby the Party accufecf of ft Crtarfe ts'd 
to purgfe or cle*r hifofelf upon the Oith t* T*irec 
hundred Meh ; artdfe contirtfctt *ri*t tfce FitA ¥«ttr 
of the Reign of K. Henry V; . n . } 

^n&(tOD, (Lat.) a Rtwffting v Iftr»l«! Aporfieca-i 
ries Art, a peculiar kthd of Decdcfti^ft oi Bbfliflf^ 
Drutsf. " - *'''' "' : K " WW* ol 

9ttito\H<> (Pr.) an AtdTck^ OHftivJn-a. LJti^ 
feme a violent kind of Injury dortero a Man's *brv 
Ton, by^Umngtafclve afitow, or by*«*eit^ini 
Speech. See Affrdy. t>^ ir .,Tn ,n?f/ 

Ihihe AH'of f, v^ifr/1SlRl«te islttTeffoFt JmrtBSp- 
on a Place qr Poft, to gain it by main Force* *ftd F 
the tiftral ExprWfibtfs ire, To gtvt H* Affimk *h 
fttcb d Pfae, to he t*mm*Med to the Affhutt, To 


Digitized by 



A S* S 

JWut **t4fflmk t *#*'ftml an AjfaUlt, Ttrtpty* ty 
Affault, To carry tj AffauU % &c. inu 

Tk SHDH*&> to Attack, to fe*ttpo*u :St£ < hln- 
fult.. *• - * i 

jOfc*, Srq«rf,iorTry*J. < wff: 

- 38&? Of Wrig&tS ait* $tat*rtf, an Examina- 
tion of theittybj the Clerk of the Markets 

fW^M^lfitt^ an Officer of the Mine, who 
weighs' the Button, and few thai it be according 
totfte Standard, having for bis Fee 250 Pounds 

iMfem tf*|* fcfaff, an Offider for the 4ue 
Tryal of Silver, indifferently appointed between 
the Matter of the Mint, and the Merchants that 
bring Silver thither for Exchange. 

JftflTaptng) a Term us'd by Muficians for a Flou- 
tifh before *hey begin to Play. 

gtffaffiarc^ (in ancient Latin Deeds) to take Af 
fefTours~ or Fellow. Judges. 

To #fltmblt> (*r.) to ctil, or to meet together ; 
to gather, come, or get together. 

juflMf Mf , a Conconrfe, or Meeting of People. 

WltlatDful SltttnM% (in Common-Law) the 
Meeting of three or more Perform for the oomihit- 
ring of *b unlawful Ad:, although they do not 
conjpafs it. 

StSttty (Lat.) Content* Approbation, properly 
of a Superiour j as The J^ihg has given bis ityal 
jiffent to thefoltomng A&s. 

To &fllmt, to agree to. 

ggmtftltlttl, a kind of Pink, a Flower peculiar 
to the Countries ef Virgin** and Mary-tend, 

t SUftniatlDfl, (L**.) a complying wich ano- 
ther's Opinion, out of Flattery Or DilTxmoiation ; 
a Cogging land Soothing. 

To 3tf&tt, to affirm, to maintain, tb hold. 

aflfertWh Affirmation, Condufidh 5 ah Opinion 
brought forth and maintained. 

To SMfeGk* t<* Kate or T4J^ to appoint what 
every one ought to pay. 

9flMRmt!t, the Aft of Affefling, or Rating. 

SUMBmtj one that fits by, and helps 4m*beivin 
Office and Authority ; a Judge Lateral, 4 chief 
GodrtfeJicmr or AJffiftant to a Judge : Alfo one 
that appoints or allotii the Payment ©f Publick 
Taxes, according to every Man's Stock Or Abi- 
lity : Aifo an Officer in the Pnesbyterian Affenv 
blies. ^' 

j3ffrt£, (M i. e. enough) a Law-Tertfo, figmfj- 
ing Goods fufficient with which an Heir Or Ekecu- 
ooe^nmay di&harge the Anceftout's or Teftacour's 
Debts or Legacies. 

• S&IMCttifBf > ( Lat. ) an earheft Affirming, or 

StOtWXt^ (in old Latin Writers) to drain, or 
draw out Water from marfhy Grounds. 

&ffitufe?, great Diligence, continual CftVe or 
Attendance, conftant A plication. - 

SfiftttMf , diligent, tlofe at Bufinefs, continual. 

£UR$H,' (Law- Term) one that is deputed or ap- 
pointed by another, to perform any Bufineft, or 
**m W Thing. 

To SSfftgn, to topeinr, to allofr, to (hew or fet 
forth: lb: a Law-lenfey to appoint a Deputy ; to 
fet, or make over a Right to another : Alfoto ap- 
peine or fet foitfa 5 as T# d$g* Errcmrs, i. e, to fbew 
*ria$fethfc firmm are committed. 

To ftfltan feift JUbgtmttt, is to (hew how and 
where *c Judgmmt is Unjuft : To Affign the C#r, 
to the* how the Plaintiff has Ccffed or given over. 
3B* J$g*i&bfi% 7 10 fliew . e(f edaUy * wherein the 
Wafte is committed. 

jtffihjmr* tiPtefoi tm*tom * Thing is L#wfiil- 
ly< Aiftgnedi w.made ov*r, or wfca is appointed to 
^^Weoiiher^i^idiudia ooeuaay be titter by 
tted otfto Law. , \. .*,*. . . . 

Perfon $ as when the Leffee of a Ternj Aiftgns the 
fame to another, he is bis Ajfejkei? D^pl^inv >r 

2fflgmt m 9Lat&> is he wh«ntie Law (o makes, 
without any Appointment of the ^erftn 5 So an 
E±c cutor is Affignee in Law to the Teftator. . 

affigrtHUm, the AA of AffigningiOc letting oVer 
the lnterelt in any Thing to another ; as The Ajftgfr 
ment af 4 Le*fe s &c , ,5:1. .* < 

JBHR StttftttlC Of PttfeutT, the fetting out of a Wo- 
man's Dower or Marriage* Portion, by, the Heir, 
according to the Mablifhtncnr. formerly niadt by 
the Husband or his Fhfcnds. 

Afdmitattdni a making or being like f In Ana- 
tomy, it is the Operation of i^aenre, whereby the 
Nutritious Juice is made Uke the Subftatce of (hat 
living Body into Which it is to be Chaag'd a»d 
United ; the Changing of the Humour calTd Qbftt 
into Blood, &c t 

jaaipontttum 5 (L«|.) a Pound-weight- 

Sfltia Camera, a Law.Term for to be Ndn.fiitte4 

065fa ^(XUtnmiy an Aflize of Nui&hce. 

afllte ComtattHlOO, a Wm 4ktO$d xo the Ju- 
ftices appointed to take an A/Uze, for the Continu- 
ance of a Caufe, where certain Record* fcltedged, 
cannot be procured in Time, by the Party that 
would ufe them. 

aOtfil l&mtg t CtrWfo, the Power or Privilege 
of Affizing or Adjufting the Weights and Meafurea 
of Bread and Beer : Whence Ac Weight of Bread 
appointed by the Magiftratei is ftiil call'd the Affile 
or Si Jfc of bread. 

£(nfa ^:0?0gartW, a Writ direfted to the Juftu 
ces of Atlize, tor the Stay of Proceeding*. lgr r rea- 
son of the King's Bufinefs, in which the Pajrry is 
employ'd. : ui J 

SffifOlS, (in Scotland) the fame as our Jurors, i 

afllflli*, (L4/. old Law- Word) demifei or |aim r V 
ed out for fuch an Aflize, or certain A&ffirdjft&K 
in Money t>r Provificns : Whence Tenk.qjffiins 
the Land let out to inferiour Tenlttts, iaduTu* 
ally oppos'd to Terrs Dominic*, or eiat Land which 
Was held in Demaine, and polfc&'d by the Lord 

To SUSlSty *> ftind by, fticcour, aid, or hefp j 
to be prefent at. 

BflRSattCt, Aid, Hdp, Succour. 

jSUnflftftt, affifting or helping j as J u»*^ fc *flf- 

An ^flWTaitt, a Stander-by, an Auditour or 
Hearer, a Helper ; a Colleague or Partner in the 
Management of a Bufinefs. 

SURVB iiapte, (1^) a kind of Stone with which 
Coffins were anciairiy made, that wafted the dead 
Body ; fo cail'd from Ajfus, a Town of hfyfi*, 
where rhey were digged. 

aUtjr, a Law-Term, iignifying^ 1. A Sitting oF 
Juftices upon their Commiulon, to hear and deter* 
mineCaufes; aod that Court ot Meeting, is caft'd 
The Affiles. 2. A fourfold Writ for Recovering 
the Potfelfion of LandSv Tenements, (3c. of which 
one has been difpoffefs'd. 3. The Jury Sunitnon- 
ed upon fuch Writs. 4. A Statute or Ordinance 
relating to the Price, Weight, Meafure, or Order 
of feveral Commodities ; as Toe Stmuk or Affile of 
Bread and Ale ; alfo the Meafure, or Quantity k 
felf : Thus 'tis faid when Wheat, fi£c. is atfuoi a 
Price, the Bread (hall be of fuch Affize. 

ait^ tf 9Hnrrtu1 #2rtmtmctit» is a writ that 

lies, where a Man and his Anceftours have preftnt- 
ed a Clerk to a Church, and afterwards it being 
void by his Death or otherwife, a Stranger pre- 
fects his Clerk to the fame Church in Oppofition 
to the former Patron. 

adjC K tyC ifOjrtt, a Statute concerning Or- 
ders to be obfcrv'd in the King's Foreft. 

Digitized by 


y & s t 


.» /JlftlW* ••VMiAtttfflfe a Writ lying where 
Ofte^dgadie*^ Mother^ Brother, Sifter, Uncle, Aunt, 
($$* 4y'd poflt&'d of Lands, Tcneitfeats^ .Rents, 
&c> and fcfbr his nr her Death, a Stranger abates 
or gets, Poffeljon of then*.* 

Slffije rf JWlel SDiflhfitl, a Writ that lies 
where a Tenant in Fee-fimple, Fee-tail, or for 
Tecmofsfcife, is lately d^fleized, or difpoffeffed of 
his Lands or Tenements, or elfe *f *a Rcnt-fervice, 
Rentachargev Coirimon r of Failure, Toll, Office, 
&c. and in feveral other, Gafes. 

£fli$* t» tAtmm a Writ that lies for a Parfon 
againft a Lay-man, or a Lay-man againft a Bar 
ion, for Land cciTenetnentj that is doubtfelj whe- 
ther it be Lay fee, or Free-Alms. 

Cletk «f £UB)t* m Officer that lets down all 
Things judiciouHf done by the Juftf ces of Affile, in 
their Circuits. 

SiXS^ei: Of «Jttrig|t8 Witt #taOtrtf, an Officer 
chat has the Ofer-ight b£ thole' Matters. 
* Aju 3tforiaJte, a Companion or Partner. 

To, £UTOtiat0, to bring into fome Society, or 
Fellowship $ to> joyn with, or to keep 'Company 

&£feCi3tt*L* ah entering into Society with others ; 
a Joy ning. wiih theron to perform fome Ad: 2 In a 
Law Senfe, a Patent fent by the King to the Jufti- 
cesiof AiTize, to admit others for Colleagues, and 
Fellows in that Bufinefs. 
... ftflDNKf or affOBrs IFelma, ( Gr. ) a kind of 

burning FeVer, in wmen tnc ratient connnually 
tumbks and tofles, being extremely reliefs, and 
fabj&% to Sickfieft at the Stomach, and Vomiting. 
, To3flbtl or SUtaglt; to acquit, to pardon ; alfo 
to^anfwer^ a Word us'd by Chaucer. In Common 
Law,; it fignifies to deliver or fet free from an Ex- 
THo8Mumt> (Lat.) to take to, or upon one's 

affumpfit, ( Law-Term ) a voluntary Pro- 
mi|e, made by Word of Mouth, as when a Man 
•affumes, or takes upon him to perform or pay any 
Thttfg to another $ and it is otherwife call'd a Nude 

3ffUittptt0t!, properly an affirming, or taking ; 
an Inference upon : In Logick^ the Minor, or fe- 
cond Proposition of a SyUogifm : AUbaFeftival 
kept kf. the Papifts, in Honour of the Blefled Vir- 
gin Marys being taken up into Heaven. 

MufftlVf, Surenefc, Certainty, Security, Safe- 
ty, Confidence, 

To 3ffilte, to, affirm or aflcrt, ta warrant ; to 
undertake or promife a Thing. 

To flfftoag? > to allay, or appeafe ; to abate, to 

#ttttta, a Province of Cbaldta, in Anpient 
Tines' the chief Part of the AJJfrrsan, or firft Great 
Monarchy in the Wodd. 

MU\X%y (Gr.) the Lobfter, a Sea*Fifo. Afta- 
aus ftimanWsfXbc Crevis or CreyFiih. 

SlfiXffyBi a Raifin or dry'd Grape. Aftapbis 
sgrid, the Hevb Stavesracre. 

flOeifsttt** Courtefy, Civility, Pleafantry. In 
Hbetorickj a Figure wherein fome pleafant Jeft is 
expre&'d, a kind of Irony $ as Qui Bavium non edit, 
mrnt tua carmma M*v$. Mart, 
j SfiflV * Scaf J *l(o the Her}) Star-wort, Sbare- 
wm^rCod-wort. '.< 

&iftf;amium a rthe Herb Matter- wort, or Pellitory 
of Spain. 

JStferifflfc a kind of Heron, the Egret ; a fort of 

r #fltfia$ otftttttiMf a precious Stone, (hilling 
like a Star. 

Slflmcum, the Herb PeHitory of the Wall. 

STOttion, a kind of Spider, the Bite of which 


isfaidto weaken the Kittys -» Alf^HiGtai^caM^d' 
Cow.parfnip. *)r- 

Afiettrth a little Mark in a Writing, tft%ook, 
in Shape of a Star ( * ) fet over any Worcf or Sen- 
tence, to (hew the want or lOttteWh^ bi* ,J tetne- 
thing to be moreHtfptdalty taken Ntiftee-of, * 

aOmfm, a Conftellatiao or : €taft*r of Fired 
Stars, which on the. Globe is ufually re|t^ftted 
by fome particular In*age, or Figure 6Mi£vhg- 
Creature, &c. for the betper diftfe^lfem^^ their 
Places ; as the two Bear- Stars, ckwdVirfh wiajor(3 
minor t Aries the Ram, T*tfritf ! the 'Bttll, A and &her 
Signs of the Z^diackf ; *■ 

atottCB, a kind of Opal, k preddus Stone, 
which fparkles with Beams like a Star; whehtfc it 
has its Name*. ... ~' ^ 

3lterlagOUt 5 a Word us'd by Chaucer, for an 
Aftrolabe. 4 ■■' ?-u 

Mm, (old Word) parted. 

jaftftrtia* (Gr*) a frequent Breathing, 01* Difficul- 
ty in fetching Breath, joyn'd with ^a rattling' Souod 
arid a Cough, efpecially in the Night ; -Shbrtnefs 
of Breath, a wheezing Phthifick. « 

aiHWWttCfe belonging to, or troubled with an 
Afthma, or Difficulty of Breathing ; Purfy. 

t^lHpuIattmi, (Lai.) mutual Confenr, or Agree- 
ment, between leveral Parties. • * >•• 

aittfmUB* See jtfeifmus. 

To &ftonift 9 to caufe an extraordinary Sir- 
prize and Admiration. 

%ftWi$mm f etttetoie Surprize, Ama2ienierit. 

aittagal^ { in Architect.) a Member or round 
Moulding like a Ring, that encircles the B*fes, 
Cornices, or Archite&raves of fillars, accordidg 
to the feveral Orders : It is call'd Taim by the 
&encb % zndTmdim by the Italians. Irf Gunnery , 
Aftragal is the Cornice-Ring of a Piece of 'Ord- 
jaaraj8HrmH«, (Gr.) the Play 'atCockrf/Dioe,^. 

j3(tragatU0 9 the Huckle*Bones r Alfo the firft 
principal Bone of the Foot, which with otherhf tie 
ones, makes up that Part which 4mm*diacdf fuc- 
ceedstheLeg, and is call'd the Pattern in Beafts : 
Alfo an Aftragal^ Wreath, or CircIe*botu a PHlar : 
Alfo an Herb, wbiA for the Shape of it, may Be 
call'd Peafe-Eartbnut. - :,s « ~ 

ailragaltW J»PttJatiCU*, Wosod.peafe, or Heath- 
peafe. ,; 

jaflral^ear* See5d/4rr^r. *4 

0ftraiW), (a Term among Mtnert) that Oar ef 
Gold, which as yet lies in its firft State or Condi- 
tion. > "•* ''v : '^ 

j3Ktr«pia^ (Gr.) a precious Stone, Vhbfc IiMffc 
refcmbles Flafhes of Light ning. • ■'* ^ 

aftrriltWta^ fl^.) Medicines that <arc T afttlrf- 
gent, or of a binding Quality. - v. 1,, •'**;, 

3ftrtngtftt, binding, or making cbftlve. ,;, - c 

aftrinsCltt« 5 ( in /»/^* ) aVe thofe Thingi; 
which with the Thicknefs and Figure of their 
fmall Parts, force and bind together 1 the Parts of 
the Body. • > < 

aiTTOblJla^ a Gem like the Eye of a Fifty which 
fome take to be the lame with Aftertax* ^h % M 

^flrotttS, a kind of Tecolhe, a 1 precious S«6heJ 
alfo the Star-ftone, fo call'd j becaufe le is fet ^ff 
on all Sides, with little blackifh State. ' ' ! " '; 

SOlttiAabty a Mathematical Inftnitrfcfi^ ChieHf 
us'd at Sea, to take the Height of VhVSWn orSjcirl. 
It coufifts of an entire Cutfle, whofe BiiAfe ii^yi- 
vided into Dfegrees^ and De^hlal Faftybfitoi^ 
g*ee y with a moveable Rtilerten t&bel, ? wflftTi 
turns upon the Centre, and **rtie* v, tWo^Si|Bff; 
a Ring on the Top, mi hang it by 4n tlie^fflSr of 
Obfervation>^^' ••- *-»«-. ■-■ ir,.^* .c^ .,:iw ,^ 

gftrotofll, ^» Herb/ oA#fw4f^aftt^Bpf.i»d^ 
and Hare* woitJ ^^ -• ic 'u'i i^imidJ e mo* 

Digitized by 


A /T' 

A T 

. h SUftftiflgHr* one that proJfcffw Aftrology ;.aJFor- 


, v'iWNlWWV Wwg«*to-Aftrologjr- -e, 

gfttfldtofp, *n Aft that teaches to judge of the 
Influence* orj&ffa&r of the Scars * and which pre 
tends la fqrercUi fntuce Things from the Motion 
pf the Heavc*Iy JBodies, awl their Afptds one to 

Jtfltoammr,* one skill'd in Aftronomy: 
3flttJWWWa!> belonging to that Science, 
. jgfiW&imcal Catol&ar, an Inftrument, confift- 
ing of a Board on which is patted Paper, printed 
from EngravVi Copper-Plates, with a Brafs Slider, 
which carries a Hair, and (hews upon Sight, the 
Son's Meridian Altitude, High* Afcenfien, Amplitude, 
Declination, &c to a greatear Nicety than the lar- 
geft Globes now made. 

jSfltCnomttal V>aV. See Day. 

&Qtmm\ta\ &\mbtx$ y or jaflrMtomtcaia. See 

Saxagtfii** 1 JfraQims. 

atttcmomtcal folate of a 0tar or jManet, is its 

Longitude, or Place in the Ecliptic^, reckoned 
from the Beginning of Arm, in Conjcquentia, or 
according to the Natural Order of the Signs. 

#ftt*10mical flUiattant, an Inftrument curioof- 
ly Fram'd, having the Degrees exa&ly divided by 
Means of a Screw on the Edge of the Limb, and 
fitted with Telefcepes, &c> in Order to take Obfer- 
yarions of the Snn, Moon, or Stars. 
' ^roriomtcal &m*. See Tear. 

jg fttOIWWP i a Mathematical Science, which 
treats of the Scars, or Heavenly Bodies $ Slewing 
their refpe&ive Meafures, Magnitude, or Size, Or- 
der, Pittance, Eclipfes, and Motions. In a large 
Senfe, it alfo comprehends the Do&rine of the Sy- 
ftemof the World, the Laws of the Planetary Mo- 
tions* &e< which fome reckon as a Part ok Phy- 
ficks, or Natural Philofophy. 

%Otum y a CordWlacion, or Gsleftial Sign, 
oon&fting of many Stars. In forae ancient Deeds, 
it is. taken for an Houfc, Habitation, or Place of 
Abode, L from the old Word Afire, u c. the Hearth 
of a Chimney ♦ . 

$t$llt 3 (Lot J a Hawk, or Buzzard 3 a Bird of 
Pi^. i _ 

#fturCO, an ambling Nag, a, Spanijjo Genner* 
-JW5*&» ( Gn ) * ** a <* °^ Lottice^thac retrains 

afplum^ a San&u*ry„ a Place of Safety, tor Of. 
fenders to fly «v ***d cfcape Puoifhment | a Tern- 
pie or privileged* Place. 

^UVlttBltftal} the fame as Incommenfurable, a 
Mathematical Term : Thus two Quantities are 
{aid to be Afymmetralj when there is no common 
M^afure between them. See Incommenfurable. 

£fpmtttttt?, Incommenfurability. 

0fpmp(0te% (i. ** that do not fall together ) are 
linp* .which continually, draw nearer s to each other ; 
t3Jj cho % continped infinitely, can never meet. Of 
jtbefe tl|ere are feveral forts ; as the Curve of the 
Conchoid or CifToid, the noted Afymptotes, in Co. 
nifk.Sedions, &c 

0fpt1OCton (in Grammar) a Dcfed, or want of 
Conjunctions in a Sentence; as Polyfyndctm is a 
Redundance or Abounding of them; or a Figure, 
in which Comma's arp pat inftead of Conjun&i- 
oi»1?pppM» ve ^ w Wf w **# vi *> ikC - 1 <****> 

^pitajtqt^ (in i^>V4) an idle inconfiftent Story 
or ( ^jTeraon* 4mt : 4oe$ not hang together, but con- 
' ~s fc jfelf hih &e affirm d, be kfl** **« «* 
J tJxtt**tbimg t <!Qtt!d be known. « 
[lipa v a Kiag of Pir#, in Southern <***!«>. 
m, wno was taken Prifoner by the Spaniards, an* 
dcxJfrancis Fiqvr*, and .forc'dlto nay forhisRan- 
fom, a Cham^r full of Gold and Silver, judg'd 

to be worth Ten Milton* j^Wdi *b*tiitiey had 

rtceiv'd, they treacheroafly pur him W>-E)<*atb. 
2ttau*> ( Gr. ) Wantx>f Orderj Irregularity : 

Among fome Writers, in:the Art of Phyrkk, it is 

taken for a confounding of Critical Dijs. * 
#t*d)Itia, Inartificialnefs, Ignorance, iTdskilfuI- 

nels. # . 

3tcramria, a kind of Pulfc that requires much 


^UtamnOfl, a Weed in fat Ground, that growl 
amidft Beans, and kills them. 
£tCfcefee»j (old Word) choafced. . 
To #tCtttJetk, ( f>. ) to execute, perform, or 
compafs ; in fpeaking of iome notable Enter- 
prize. ( 

2tt§te\mncttt? the Performance of feme great 
Exploit : In Heraldry, the Coat of Arms of any 
Gentleman, duly marfhalled, or fet forth with 
all its proper Ornaments ; */{. Supporters, Hel- 
met, Wreaih and Creft, MantJes, Woodt, tfc. 
Such are ufually hung our on the Fronts of Houfes, 
after the Death of the Lord, Lady, Matter, or 
other considerable Perfon, and are now corruptly; 
call'd Hatchments. 

3t$alfc!>, (Heb. the Hour or Time of the Lord) 
the Daughter of Qmri, King of Ifraet, who ufurp- 
ed the Kingdom of fudak 

ZtymM, ( Gr. ) Immortality ; alfo the Herb 

jatljanatOS, a kind of Herb calfd RofeuCham- 

&t|8flei, (among Cfaymifts) a kind of large 
Digefting-Furnace, made with a Tower, and con- 
triv'd fo as to keep a conftant Heat, for a Fort- 
night, Month, efc. Or the Heat may be encreas'd 
or leiTeu'd at i?leafure, by opening ©r flruttingf the 

aijWtr, (Arab.) a Term us'd by AArofogers,' 
when the Moon is in the lame Degree and Minute 
with the Sun. 

jatfctfm, the Opinions and Pradioe of rfcofe 
that deny the Being of a God. 

#j!itfl, one who holds and maintains fucb wick- 
ed Dodrines ; a Godleis Fellow, a Mifcreanti an 

fltbrtflif al 5 belonging to an Atheift. 

flW|fte«r, a Title, which in the Time of the v 
Saxons, was ufually given to the King's eldeft Son, 
as chat of Prince of Wales is at prefent. 

atJ)Cn*imr, (Gr.) a Place in the City ol Athens, 
Confecrated to Minetva, the Goddefs of Wifdoa*, 
where the Greel^ Poets us'd to make an Offering of 
their Works. 

0#O;ma, the Prickle-Fiih, a kind of Sea-Fi(h; 

j3t^tt0ttta, (in Surgery) a kind of Swellings 
contained in its own Coat, which proceeds frOm 
a thick and tough Humour, like Oatmeal Gruel, 
or Pap of fodden Barley : It does not caufe Pain, 
nor change the Colour of the Skin ; neither doe* 
it eafily yield to the Touchy Or leave any Dine 
when prefs'd. 

&tfeletic&, Champion-like, that is of a ftreng 
Conftitution, Lufty." 

jatfalOCfl^ (old Word) cloyed, glutted. 

jatfpnfa, (Gr.) Dejedion # or Trouble o£ Mind; 
Defpondency, Defpair, Sadnefs. 

atiltta^ a kind of the moft lofty Elm-tree, fo 
call'd from Anna, a Town of Campania, in Italy, 
which was noted for good ftore of thofe Trees. 

2Ui$S£Q> a fort of precious Stone that fhineslike 
Silver; found in Perfia and India. 

£tUmt&, (in ArebiteB.y certain Images of 
Men bearing up Pillars, or fupporting the File of 
Building. • 

^tlaWiCll^nit Set Ocean. 

Digitized by 



k T 


'Stl», anancieniKing of tfautittoi*, who up- 
on.Acwu* ofhi^^eat Skill in Aftronomy, w« 
fcWd by the Poets to bear Heaven on his Shoul- 
dera. and to have been chang'd into a vaft Moun- 
tain of a prodigious Height, now known by the 
Maine of, Jncbif*, or Mmei cUros, Whence a 
Book of tfnivcrfal Geography, containing the Maps 
of the whole World is caS'd an AtUs. 

In Anatomy, Stla* is the 6rft Vertebra or Torn- 
ing.joim of the Nc^jfo nam'd, becawfe it feems 
to hold op the Head. 

atmofpfjttC, that Region or Space of Air round 
»bout the Earcb, into which Exhalations or Va- 
pours ate rais'd, either by Reflexion from the 
Suns Heat, or by being fore'd up by the Fire un- 
der Ground. The Pianets are alfo faid to have 
their jeff«aive Aunofpheres, with which they are 
enclosd. .. 

atHlofrtCtC Xlf <tenftflent ffiOBlCft a Term us d 

by Mr.JM*- *' ho ul a fmail Eira y on thls Sub J^ 
froves, That y.cry many, and probably all folid, 
firm- and confirm Bodies have certain Effluvia of 
Particies of Mancr which exhale or fteam out from 
them: Thus, G.afs, Stones, and Metals being 
xubb'd againft one another ftrongly, fend forth 
icoiible and tweu offenfive Smells. 

0tOCia, (G»-.) a being without Children, or bar- 

fltOCilitlT^ any Medicine that hinders the Con- 
ception, ot Birth. 

SftOm, (in Pbilof) a part of Matter fo extreme- 
4y iiriail, that it cannot Phlfically be cut, or divi- 
ded into, l^ffer Parts. 

To ^tWte, to appeafc the Divine Anger, to make 
Sajpsfo&W for Sia T or Amends for a Fault. 

QUctttptfttt') Reconcilement, or Appealing of 

ffi ft Vfa (Gr.) a Loofening of the Nerves or Si- 
news, a Failing or Decay of Strengths Infirmity, 
4 Faintnefc, Weaknek 

itttft HWi*, {La*.) *>'*<* Choler, a kind of 
Sulphureous, Earthy Salt, whiph being bred m the 
Body of a Living-Creature, is carry *d about ituhe 
Blood, and making an undue Fermentation in it, 
occafions Melancholly, and other fuch like Diftem- 

PC Stt?5ltPli«^ (Gr.) a Thorny Shrub, of which 
Spindles were anciently made 5 wild Cartbanus, or 
a kind of Cniciu. . 

attapljarfc or atttplf IP, the Herb Orrach, or 

jatteug, one whofe Fundament, or Privy-Parts 

are not perforated. «.,...,,«■. 

atrtorpiHa^ (L<r.) a Bird with black Feathers 
on the Head, much like a Linget or Titling. 

fltttpUr, Orrach, or Golden Herb. 

attfoU V lattfOlfoU (Jooie-foot, or Sow-bane. 

att^lf|C oifta fife fittM* (linking Orrach, or 
Notch-weed ; an Herb good for Mother-Fits, and 
Stoppages in Women. 

atWttp, Heinoufnefs, Grievoufncfs, Odiouf- 
nefij. Outragioufnefs, Cruelty. 

3trop|)US, (GrJ one that is in a Coniumpcion, 
whole Vi&uals do him no good ; a Starveling, 

atftp$p<> a kind of Cohfiimption, when the 
whole 'Body, or any particular Limb isnotnou- 
tifhed by the Food, but in(i?nfibly withers, decays, 
and waAes ftwty. 

To jetted), ( FV-. Law- word ) to apprehend, lay 
hold one, <* take bv Force of a Writ, or Precept. 

attacljtatmnta **»?IMI, ( i« ancient Latin 
Deeds; a Oiitrels taken upon the Goods or Chat- 
tels of any Sped for Perfoaal Eftate or Debt, by 
# the Legal Aitachiatores or Bailiffs, as a Security to 
anfwer the A&ion. * «... 

attaefcianttnt* ** £pinte * JBoCto, * Privilege 

granted to the Officers of a Forcit to cake for 4feir 
own Ufe, Thorns, Bru(h, and Wind-fctl, 
the particular feecin&s-or Liberties cuOttfffol&o 
the Charge. 

ftttartpltttlt, the Aft of Attaching : It drifcr*. 
from an Arrcit, which lie? < nly on the Body ot a. 
Perfon, and from a O^/* lhru lciz/?s oa Lands, 
Tenements, or Gocds ; wheroas an At nmfam ri fc is 
fometimes on the Goods only, and loaawimos on 
I Body and Goods. 


iP0:cisW 2«UUSljnWHt, is the Aci*cfogJ>fca Fo- 
reigner's Goods found in tome Liberty crCi: 
fatisfy fome Creditor of his withiniuch Bounds ; 
and by the Cuftom of London, a Man may Acrach 
Money or Goods in the H*nd of a Stranger, while 
hcis within the Liberty of that City. 

attachment of the JFozeft, is the loweft of the 

three Courts held there ; the other two being the 
Swainmote, and the Jujb'cc in Eyre's Sea: : This 
Court feems to be fo calfd, becauic the \ 
rours have therein no other Authority, but to re- , 
ceive' Attachments of Offences acainft Vert -and 
Venifon, taken by the relt of the QiFicera, aitf.** 
enroll them, that they may be prefcntcJ and ■pifcilii- 
ed at the mxt Juftice Seat, 

jattacfe, (Fr.; Onket, AE.»». r .,„-~~ -~ — t. — -^ 
Brunt : In the Art of War, the General AlTattfeor 
Onfer, that is given 10 gain a Poft* Or »p*o Any 
Body of Troops. " ' . "* 

attach of a |^iege> the Woufcs carry 'Ambr the 

Befiegers, as Trenches, Mines, Gallen^^ ftwifces, 
&c. in order to make the«?ielves Maftew of the 
Place by Storming one of its Sides 5 *ni tkis At- 
tack is either Falfe or Regular. 

jfaift attttk, is an Effort totbeiatoeBnoV but 
manag'd with lefs Vigour tha» the reft 5 as iowuwir 
ed only to give a Diverfion to the Befieged, *ad v 
divide the Garrifon. 

Kegular, JDtott, or Kujtit attach, th***idi is 

made in due Form, according to the Rules of Aft ; 
and To gain a Place by Right A***ck, i* toearfy if 
by Formal Attack and Regwiar Works, i^ubwua 
General Storm. • 

To attach, to charge or encounwr, jm> Caj4 or 
fet upon ; to provoke, urge, or quarrel with. v 

To attach in Jflanh, (ac a Siege) is to Actack 
both Sides of the Baftion. ^ ■ ^ \ 

attagen, (Gr.) a kind of Fowl of a£riCk-Co- 
lour, the Heatrucock, a Godwir, a S»ite* 
1 To attatttj (Lat.) to reach or eonae t#, no ob-. 
tain or get, to compafs a Thing. . 

attainable, that may be attained. . , 

attaftlWr, (Fr.) a Law- word, us'd, when Judg- 
ment is pafs'd npon one that haj committed Fejo. 
ny or Treafon ; for then his Blood is faid 7> hi *** 
tainted, i. e. Corrupted, and if he iwe re ^pfefe^or 
Genteel before, hisPofterityai«de*aukda#4i*aae 
bafe. f » „ 

BtA Of attattW:, a BiU brought into die W* 

liament for the Attainting, Condemning* aid .hjfr 

ecuting of a particular Perfon for High-T***WPt 

or fome other Crimes. 

OttWUHCHt, {Lot.) an attaining, (fount* or 

8 cttin 8- .. : n. t 

attaint* (F^O a Writ which lie* againft a Jmry 
that has given a falfe Verdid in any Court of Re- 
cord, if the Debt or Damages amoiitc to aiwe 
the Summ of Forty Shillings. The ftmiihmf tt for 
fuch O&nders, is, That their Meadow AtMHt* 
ploogh'd, their W^ods gmbbU^ thrik;*foufe« 
pull'd down, and all their Lands and T^ne«i*t$ 
forfeited toi the -Kin* and their Btrfwijlmft^ 

«ttfrf« *> at»h«, ' a Terrrpyd bf Fwiprs, 
and ignifyiog a Knock or Hft* tea Horf&Xe^ 


Digitized by 




' To AtadHt, to* Taint, to Corrupt, to Stain the 
Blotetyas 1 W>gh - Treaien docs. 

0ttamtiX> Corrupted ; a$ At* timed Fiefh : la a. 
Law-fenfe, it is apply *d to foch as are found guil- 
ty of fome Grime or Offence, efpecialJy Fdony 
or Treafon; alio one it Laid To b* Attainted of 

flWrinttirf, *n Attainting, Corruption of Blood. 
fttttefctfft, (JU/.) a kind of final] Locuft, with- 
otot Wings • the Wood-Sjere. 

To attemper, to temper, allay, qualify, or mo- 
derate ; to mix in a juft Proportion. 

To StttttKptj to make an Artempfor Effort, en- 
deavour, to undertake, to try. 

To £ttflft, to v bend the Mind to ; to regard, to 
take heed to ; to give Ear, or liften to ; Alio to do 
one Service, to wait on, or for, (Stc. 

QlttXWukty Attending, or Waiting, Service ; a 
Redone, or Train of Servants. 

dtttnBfitlt, a Servant, a Follower, one that waits 
upon another. In a Law-fenfe, one that owes Duty 
Or Service to, or that after fomc manner depends 
on another. 

Attention, Heedfulnefs, Carefulnefs, Earneftnefs, 

fttttttttte, heedful, mindful, diligently hearken- 
ing to ; intent, or bent upon a thing. 

0tttnnajttta 9 (L*t.) attenuating Medicines, s. r. 
foch as open the Pores of the Body, with their 
fiiarp Particles, fo as to cut the thick and clammy 
Humours, and make them pafs eafily through the 

To Sttmuatt, to make thin, to weaken, or 
kffen. s 

f&tttWStitillj the Ad of Attenuating ? In a Me- 
dicinal Senfe, a leffening of the Power or Quantity 
of the Matter that caufes Difeafes. 

To SUttfJt, to Witnefs, to Certify ; to Aflure, or 

t j3ttt08tt0tt, the Ad of Attefting, a Teftimony 
given in Writing of the Truth of any thing. 

fltttxnfm, a Phrefe or manner of Speech, us'd 
by the ancient Athenians, an Elegancy of the At* 
tick. Dialed. 

SItttfft, belonging to the Country of Attics in 

In Architefture, Slttith is a kind of Order, after 
the manner of the City of Athens : According to 
Vitruvius % the Name of a Bafis, which Modern 
Archite&s have fince given to the Dotted Pillar : 
In pur Buildings, Auick> is a fmall Order plac'd 
upon another that is much greater, and inftead of 
Pillars there are only Pilafters of a particular Form 
or Faihion* 

^tttlatU0 CCJUU0, fin old Latin Records) a Horfe 
drels'd with his Geers or Harnefs, for tiie Work of 
the Cart or Plough. 

atttlS, the Rigging of a Ship; alfothe Tools 
and Implements of Husbandry : It was alfo fome- 
times taken for Warlike Harnefs, or Accoutre- 

2tttltt£, a great Fifli of the Sturgeon- kind in the 
River ;'*, iometimes weighing a Thoufand Pounds, 
taken with a Hook and a great Chain, and dragged 
out w?rh a Team of Oxen. 

9tttrt Women's Apparel, Dreffcs and Furni- 
ture : In Heraldry \ the Horns of a Stag or Buck. 
• An QUttritig, a Dreffing or Furnifhing ; Among 
Homers, the branching Horns of a Buck. 

attttttltf aurtCUtam, (in Ana.) a Mufcle that 
"dwmm up the* Ha*; It is joyn'd to that part of the 
'Membrane of the Scuil 5 called Pericranum, which 
covers the Temporal Mufcle, and is inferted to the 
ttppertart of the fecond Wt inkle of the Cartilage, 
of Qriftk of the Ear. 


&mim$mt> a MufckoF theNoft, which 
ferves to draw up the Noftrils. 

3tt0llttis 0ru|lim, otherwife nam'd Snferhus; 
one of the fix pair of Mufclea belonging to the Eye$ 
which it lifts upwards. 

£ttOlttttJT0j a pair of Mnfclcs, which ading 
both together, draw the whole upper Lip direS- 
y upward and outward $ but if one of them on- 
ly move, then one fide of the Lip is drawn ob- 

attomtu* ptuw or goto* attentats, the 

Apoplexy a Dxfeafe; alfo a being Planet-ftruck. or 

SUtupntt Wm, (in ancient Writers ) to at- 
tourn or turn over Money and Goods, #. e, to ap- 
point or apply theih to fome particular Ufe and 

actouwto fact* m t»i wdptenao,, a Writ which 

a Man owing Suit to a County , Hundred, W*- 
rentake, or other Court, and definng to make an 
Attorney to appear for him, whom he doubts who*' 
ther the Sheriff, or Bailiff will admit or not; ob- 
tains to command fuch Officer to receive and admit 

ZttomtV or SLttUtmV, (FV.) one appointed by, 
another Man, to do any thing in his ftead f or to 
take upon him the Charge of his Bufinefs in his 
Abfence j efpccially fuch as are employed for the 
Management of Law-fuits, and thefe are either 
General or Special. 

3tt$ftKVf^ftfKt9lj is he that is appointed by 
General Authority, to manage all Affairs or Suits ; 
as The King's Attorney-General, &c and thefe are 
made either by the King's Letters Patent or byj 
Order before Juftices in Eyre y in open Court. 

Zttomv ftvctal or particular, is he that is 

employ *d in one or more Caufes, particularly fpe- 
cify'd: There are alfo, in Rttped of the fliven 
Courts. Attorneys at Large and Attorneys Sfeeial, 
belonging to this or that Court only. 

StotoWVti * Court of tteSDntcftof La** 

ft*r f is the (econd Officer in that Court, and feems 
for his Skill in Law plac'd as Affeflbur to the Chan- 
ce liour of the Dutchy ; being for the moft pare 
fome honourable Perfon. 

attOUt, (old Word) towards. 

#ttOUrmwt, (in Common Law) is when the f 
Tenant attourns to, or acknowledges a new Lord : 
Or it is a transferring thofe Duties which the Te^ 
nant ow'd his former Lord, to another, and it may, 
be done either by Word, or Ad. 

To Attract, (LatJ to draw to one's fclf ; to al- 
lure, or entice. 

Attractions an Attracting or drawing to ; the 
drawing of one thing to another. 

&ttractit!e, that is apt to attrad, or draw, 

3ttratKntta 9 (Lat.) attracting or drawing Medi- 
cines, 1. e. thofe that with their fmall Parridet 
open the Pores of the Body, fo as to difperfe the 
Humours, caufe the Parts to fwell, and draw Bli^ 
fters in the Skin. 

attrrtati, the ancient Name of thofe People; 
who inhabited that part of England, which is now 
calTd Bartyhire. - * 

JSttttbUtf, (in Logicl() is whatever may be truly' 

{redicated, pronounced, or affirmed of a Thing.' 
n hietapbyfiekf, a certain formal Reafon fubfequent 
to the Reafon of the Subjed, and proceeding from 
it, yet fo as not to be really djftinft from the 

In Divinity, J3ttriimtftj are certain Properties; 
or glorious Excellencies attributed to God, to en- 
able us the better to conceive of him ; as that He 
is Eternal, Almighty, Infinitely Wife, 8c. 



Digitized by 



ToiJ^tRilW^- to iriaputc a Thing to one, to fa- 
ther it upon him. 

ftgtftfefc properly,,* Rabbin* Fretting, or 
Wearing: In Natural* Philofopby, the Rubbing of 
one Thing againft another 5 as, when Amber, and 
other fuch like Bodies are rubb'd, to make them 
draw, or fend forth &eir Ele&rick Force. 

Among divine*, SUtXitiM is taken for an 1m- 
perfea: Sbrrow for Sin; the loweft Degree of Re- 
pentance, which arifes from the Appreheofion of 
being liable to Punifoment and Mifery on Account 
of fuch Offence, rather than from the Love of 

jStetUtltef* See Attorney 

3fclje or flttftfff, a Rent or Duty, which 
evory tenant of tjie Manour of Wnttcl, in Effex, 
pays to the Lord, on St. Leonard's Day, November 
6, For Liberty of Pannage, or Feeding their Hogs 
in his Woods. 

To atatt, (Fr) to be ferviceable, prohtable, or 
advantageous to. 

ftfcftitaMC, that may avail, be profitable, of turn 
xo good Account. 

jatJaiimntt, Ufefulnefs, Advantage, Profit. 

^temt, {Fr.) before, forward ; alfo a Term of 
Difdaia, as much as to fey, A»*> I out of my Sight ! 
pet you gone ! 1 

Stent JMEt, (^ Fcrtif.) a Moat, or Ditch 
fall of Water, running round the Counrerfcarp, on 
the out-fide, next the Country, at the Foot of the 

Sttm&UVt* *n outward Wall # 

3lKBtt#CaC$, an hafty Peach that is early ripe. 
, SMfflltAbaXtiy (in old Writers) the Avant-Guard, 
or Front in an Army. See Van. 

fltarfCfy (Lat) Covetqufnefs, inordinate Defire 
of Money ; Nicgardlinefs. 

at«piCtoU«, Covetous, Stingy, Niggardly, Clofe- 
Fifted. / , - • ' 

0tWfl, a Word often us'd by Seamen, and figoi- 
fymg as much at make hafte, difpatch j alfo ftop, 
Wold, or ftay^ 

&ttbate, (Fr.) Moming-Mufick, fuch as is pby d 
an the Dawn of Day, before one's Door, or under 
one s Window. 

J3ubum, a dark Brown, or Chefmit- Colour, 

0tlCtten 3 (Lot) a publick or open Sale of Goods, 
in which the higheft Bidder is the Buyer; the Word 
properly fignilies the Ad of Increafing : Among 
(ome Writers in Phyfick, it is taken for the Nou- 
rifhment of an Animal Body, whereby more isre- 
JtortL than was loft, or decay'd ; an Increafe of 
Vigour or Strength. 

awtoltartt or j3«rt«tarii, (in old Records) 
Sellers, Regraters, or Retailers of Commodi- 

&Jt(tt6flttf > one chat Sells, or manages the Sale 
by Aadtion. 

J&ltttONU*, xonS4ent, over-bold, daring. 

JEhnWCttp or janlact^riUfe, Confidence, Rafh- 
nefs, Saucinefs. 

guttWr ? that may be heard. 

flllfiiCttC?, the Rearing of one that fpeaks, or 
the Affembly of Hearers. 

flUfcfcflCtiCOWt, a Court belonging to the Arch- 
.fcifliop of ^Canterbury, of equal Authority with the 
Arcbt s Court, <ho' inferiour both in Dignity and 

&m*tlB0 f SMtttttfoatflO, a Writ, or rather 
Commiflion, dire&ed to certain Perfons, for the 
Trying and Pomlhing of thofe that are concerned 
in % riotous Affembly, Infurre&ion, or lieinous 
idifdemeanour committed in any Place. See Oyer 
and Terminer, 

#XiWt, the Ad of Rearing and Examining an 

i 1 7 

;Ay_ _~ 

^Utjita aHlfctela. a Writ tbirlie^ !fof on^tf^t 
is bound in a Staiute-Mercharir^dr ;4&o6^i£*Atie, . 
6x where Judgment is given again* 'hlaVfbr a'Dfc&r, 
&c. upon his Complaint, {heW^k'fotoie^uft Qaufe^ 
why Execution fhoqid' not be grziiiS^ as '* Re- 
leale, or other Exception. ;; ''; ' 

JftuDttO?, a Hearer, one that bears? ' ;f i ; &rmon, 
Ledure, or other Difcburfe in Publiek, or tinman 
Affembly. In a Law-fenfe, an Officer of the Kiafr, 
or fome other great Perfon, appointed pearly vo ex- 
amine the Accounts of all Under-Offjcers, And' to 
make a general Book, which fhews the Difference 
between their Receipts and Charge. - 

0uutto» Conventual, CoUr tfatt, &c certain 

Officers formerly appointed among the Religious, 
to examine and pafs the Houfe-Accounts : Whence 
the Auditory, AudiuHoufe, and Audit-Time, in Ca- 
thedral and Collegiate Bodies. 

#UtftO?3 Of t$e CRcfccqucr, Officers that take 
and fettle the Accounts of the Receivers, 
who colled the Revenues of the Augmentation, 
'as alfo thofe of the Sheriffs, Efcheatcrs, Cufto- 
mers, &c. ♦ 

aWHttt* Of tip J$tnt, they that take the Ac 
counts there, and make them up ; their Fee being 
twenty Pounds fer Annum each. 

autitO?* Of tlje J?:ettS or 3(mp?r00, are Offi- 
cers in the Exchequer, who take and make up thte 
great Accounts of Ireland, Berwick and the AdfiW; 
as alfo of Money imprefted to any Man for the 
King's Service. 

jaSlOttO? Of tl# KCttipt*, is alfo an Officer rf 
the Exchequer, that files the Tellers Bills, makes 
an Entry of them, and gives the Lord Treafurec 
a Certificate of the Money receiv'd the Week be- 
fore : He alfo makes Debentures to every Teller, 
before they pay any Money, and takes their ■ Ac- 
Rutittty, belonging to the Senfe of Hearing. ^ 
#UDttO?P i&ert*/ (in Anat.) is the-Serentk rair 
of Nerves that comes from the Medulla Oblongata, 
and takes its Rife from the hinder Pan of Proceffiis 
Annularis : It is ^divided into twa Branches, vi%. 
one foft, call'd Portio mollis, and the other tard, 
nam'd Portio dura ; which are diftributed to the 
Ear, Nofe, Lips, and Cheeks. 
An 3lllttt02p, an Affembly of Hearers: 
#UBttUB, {Lat.) the Senfe of Hearing- 
atJellana or $ur atcBana, the Filberd-Nw; 
a Fruit. 

atoeflatwrtltt flpU0, the Hafel-Moufe. 
SltJtDanf, (in Heraldry) a kind of Crofs ; which 
takes Name from its Figure, refembling four Fil- 
berds in their Husks or Cafes, join'd together at tfae 
great Ends. 

#tttna<) (Lat.) Oats, a fort of Grain. 
0t£nagr, (Law- word) a certain Quantity- bf 
Oats, which a Land- Lord receives inftead of 
fome other Duties, or as a Rent from the Te- 

&tenft, an Officer belonging to the King s Sta- 
bles, that provides Oats for his Horfes. 

£fcrt10> an Herb growing in Gardens and 
el fe where, the Root of which is comfortable to 
the Heart, and a good Prefer vative againft tfae 

jStetttUlte, (in old Latin Writers) Adven- 
tures, Voluntary Feats, or Tryals of SkiH at 

&tXltture, . (Fr. more properly Adventure) a L*#- 
Term, fignifying a Mifchance that caufes the Dt^tfi 
of a Man, without Felony ; as whfcn h^ is dfdWn- 
ed or burnt; by accidentally falling into'thfe WtWr 
or Fire. See Mifaiventure. '"' x,i ' J ; * 

ateiur, a Paffage, Entrattcr, 11 dr J Wiiy lying 
open to a Place i Among Gitdhiers/ r a l llo^ be 


Digitized by 




Walk of Trees, &c. In rhe Arc of War and For- 
tification, a Space left for Paifage in a Camp, Gar- 
rifon, or Quarter ; an Opening, or Inlet, into any 
Fort, Baftioo, or other Work* 

StJCT'CO?^ a ^ enr ln ^ om formerly paid to 
Religious Houfes, by their Farmers, or Tenants. 

^t)Er^pcnnP 5 Money contributed towards the 
King's or Averages, or Carriages to be freed from 
that Charge. 

2oTra, a Word us'd in Doomfday-book, for a 
Day's Work, or Day's Wages of a Plough-man, 
i. e. Eight Pence. 

Storage, (in Traffic^) fignifies, i. The general 
Allowance made co a Matter of a Ship of one 
Penny, or two Pence in every Shilling Fraighc. 
2. An Allowance to him upon fpecial Occasions, 
when he fuffers Damages, paid by each Merchanr, 
according to his Cargo. 3. The Contribution that 
feveral Infurcrs pay, to make Satisfaction for the 
Lois of Goods caft over- board, which are by them 
in lured- 

In Common Law, Outrage is taken for that Ser* 
vice which the Tenant owes the Lord, to be done 
by Horle or Carrigcs : In Husbandry , Pafturage or 
Fodder for Cartel, efpccially the Eddijh, or Grafs 
thar comes after mowing or reaping. 

£lbcr, a Word us'd among Husband-men, for a 

fliJCrDupOiS. See Avoir- du-pois. 
3toia 5 a Latin Law-Term for Cattel from 
Aver, or from the French Verb Avoir, to have or 
poflefs ; the Word fometime including all Perfo- 
nal Eftate, as Cataiia did all Goods and Chat- 
tels. ♦ 

Stent* capita in aaftttbrrnam, a Writ for the 

taking of Cattel to his Ufe, that has his Cattel 
' unlawfully feiz'd by another, and driven out of the 
Country where they were taken, that they cannot 
be replevy'd. 

jatoCtmctlt, (Law-Term) when the Defendant 
pfters to make good , or juftifie an Exception 
pleaded in Abatement, or Bar of the Plaintiff's 

, To aterr, (Fr.) to affert the Truth, to affirm or 
ftvouch, to evidene or prove. 

0t3erruncattmt, (Lat. in Husbandry) a Lopping 
off the iuperrluous Branches of Trees. 

5Hjerff 5 thatdiflikes, or cannot endure a thing j 
tior inclined to. 

0t3CtfiOn or Slterfcncfa, a being averfe from, 
or having no Inclination for. 
.a To SfcfXt, to turn away, to drive, or keep back. 

SluCri?, a Place where Oats or Provender are 
kept for the King's Horfcs. 
* &Uff or flElf, a Fool, or filly Fellow, 

J3ugar. or ilugnr a Whimble, a Carpenters 
Tool, for the boring of fmall Holes. 
, SLUQty (in Aftron.) the. fame as Apogaum, or that 
Point of the Orbit, wherein a Planet being, is far- 
theft diftant from rhe Central Body, about which it 
tolls, and is then floweft in Motion. 

&UgCa, ( in ancient Latin Deeds) a Cittern for 

- To flugiWUt, to encrcafe, to enlarge, to im- 

#ugmCHtatien, Increafe, Inlargement, Improve- 
ment, Addition. 

.« SlugmentattfliVCOUrt, a Court fet up by King 
Henry VIII. for the Increafe of his Crown-Reve- 
nues, by the Supprcffion of Monafteries and Reli- 
,f ions Houlcs : This Court was diifolvcd by Queen 
Jlfary I, but the Office of Augmentation ftill conti- 
i$u«j, and in it aie many Records of great Ufe and 

■ v dugimnttlttl,(L4/.) Growth, Increafe : In Gram- 
War, an Addition made in certain Tenfes of Greek, 

Verbs, by encrealing the Number of Syllables; as 
toVt», SWJsi, Itj\cl, ti'w**, £gfc. See Temporal? 

iiugiromum JFefoiciHtt, f among Phyficians) a 
Reckoning from what time the Heat of a conti- 
nual Feavcr has ieiz'd upon the Mala of Blood, 'till 
it come to the Heighr. 

HUfflir, (among the Romans) a South- fayer, or 
Uivmer chat foretells things to come, by observing 
the chinpsng of Birds, the Courfe of the Heavens, 
or the Effcdts of Nature. 

To &ugur&tC 9 to conjecture, or guefsj to fur- 
mi ie, or fuppole. 

SJugUIP, a Divination, or Sooth-faying, by the 
Sinking, Flight, or feeding of Birds. 

3uguft, Imperial, Royal, Majeftick, Venerable; 
Sacred ; as An augufl Ajfembly. 
. &"fluft, the Eighth Month in the Year, fo call'd 
in Honour of Auguftus Cxfar, the Second Emperor 
pi t{ me, becaule in that Month, he entcr'd on his 
Second Confulihip, conquer'd Mgypt and put an 
end to the Civil Wars. 

^tiguffan Conftmon, a ConfefFion of Chriftian 
Faith made by the Protectants at Augufta % or Augs- 
bury in Germany, A, D. If^c. 

3uffUttin, a proper Name of feveral great Men ; 
particularly of rhe moft Ancient of the Latin Fa- 
thers and Bifliop of Hippo in Africa. 

augUiKlt or auflin f tim, a fort of Black Fri- 
ers, ot the Order of St. Augufiin. 

^KgilffinfolW, a Se& oV Heretic^, otherwife 
call'd Sacramentarians, who hold, That Heaven- 
Gates are not open'd 'till the General Refurrech- 
on ; They were firft fet up by Andre* Carolojladius, 
A.D. iv»4, and afterwards confirmed by one 
duguflin a Bohemian, 

ittoiarp, (Lat.) a great Cage, or Place where 
Birds are kept. 

&trice ? (Germ.) a proper Ni me of Women. 
^IbiultPj ( Lat. ) Greedinefs, Eagcrnefs ; eager 
Defire, or Appetite. 
#fctfagf. See Avage. 
iluhiuarD, untoward or unhandy.' 
J9uln 9 a Meafnre us'd in Trance, which at Hpuen, 
is equal to one Bnglijh Ell, at Lyons, to r. 016 at 
Calais, to 1. 52. and at Paris, ro 0.95. 
3u!ntgr02» See Alnagcy, 

SLmttblV^ * Country-Word for a Cupboard to 
keep Victuals in. Sec Ambrt. 

3ilHlfor italics (of Hhenijh Wine) a Meafure 
containing about 160 I'aris-Pinis, or 40 Englijh 

0UttlclCt or ©melft, ( Fr.) a Pancake made of 
Eggs, after the French Way. 

£lliniOnf 9 a Law- Word for Alms. Tenure m 
Aumone, is where Lands are given to a Church, 
or Religious Houfe, upon Condition* that fome fort 
of Service, or Prayers, (hall be faid for the Good 
of the Donour's Soul, £fc. 

aumonirc, an Almoner, or Diftribaterof Alms. 
&\W£bmtist y (q.d. Hand-falc Weight) a kind 
of ancient Weight, with Scales hanging,, or Hooks 
faften'd to each End of a Beam, or $hafr, which 
being rais'd upon one's Fore-Finger, or Hand, 
fhew'd the difference between the Weight, and the 
thing wcigh'd : But this Weight was forbidden by 
feveral Statute-Laws, upon Account of great De- 
ceit in the Ufe of ir, and quite taken away by one 
made, 22 Car. %. 

JjfcOCattDlt, (Lat,) properly a calling away, or 
from ; a Lerr, or Hinderance. 

To ^u^tD, te fliun, ro efcape, to quit or leave: 
In a Medicinal Senfe, to difcharge, or caft forth by 
Stool, Urine, &c. 

ilutHDanc^ a Law-Term us'd when a Benefice 
becomes void of an Incumbent. 

H 1 flDoir, 

Digitized by 


^A A U 

&ft$au*ti*, ( iWiV^tohavefiin Weight) a 
V&ifchr 6PSi*teerf ©*nt& to the Pound, com- 
mar*? VtbWtt the Weighing of Butter, Cheefe, Flefh, 
Gtoce^Ware/ arid every thing, from which iffues 
a Refufe, of Vaftc In a Law-Senfe, it alfo fig- 
nifier itoch Merthatfiiite* as are weighed by this 
Weight, and not by Try-might. 
v «6rtka^ the $ca&t>ei? a fort of Bird, ^ 
" TO dtXmtf , to affirm refoiutely or boldly, to 
atfert, or maintain ; to vouch, or anfwer fot ano- 

To %tt% (Fr.) to own, confefs, acknowledge, 
or grant. In a Law-fenfe, to juftify a thing already 

done. .x • « 

#toto*e or £totftott, (Law^word) the Patron 
of * Benefice ; or a Perlon td whom the Right of 
Advowfin of any Church properly belongs, fo that 
he may prefcnt in hit oWn Name j in which Re- 
fpe& he is diftinguiftfd from a Guardian, who 
prefents in the Name of his Ward, and from thofe 
that have Lands, whereto an Advowfon apper- 
tains only for Term of their Lives, or of Years, 

8c. l 

aWtor^> When a Diftrefs has been taken for 
Rent, or other thing, and the Party diftrained fues 
a Replevin; the v taker (hall make Avowry, or ju- 
ftiiV his Plea, for what Caufe he took it. 

jaiira, (L*t.)z gencfe Gale, or Biaft of Wind; 
a Breez, *cool Air : Alfi> the Parret-beak'd Crow 
of New Sf**n ; a fort of Bird. 

jawatftum, an Orange, a Fruit fo calW froth its 
Golden CoWnr. 
StUtata, the Gilt-head, a Sea-Fifh. ■' 
awtt #Wtat»?tOT, a fort of Opiate Medicine, 
or Antidote. - . c, i * 

auttUak an Herb call'd Golden Sttechsdas, or 
Golden Horamour * y alfo the Infed that tmks to a 
Butter-fly. . ■ ' ; r 

%Vtim, a Gold-coin, a NoMe, a Crown : Alfo 
a fort or Weight among the Arabians, canfifting of 
a Dram and a feventh Part.1 i 

SfodefcrtClim, Latten, or Copper-MetaL 
r&ttricmmmt, a kind of Crow foot 5 a Flower. 
JlurttWa, an Ear, the out-fide of the Ear : Alfo 
the He*b Barrage, having rough hairy Leaves, with 
fair Blew (harp-pointed Flowers : Alfo the Flower 
calPd Bean-Ears. 
#urtalia jafttl, an Herb call'd great Comfry. 
3urtCUlx CO?ttl0, (in Anat.) the Two Auricles 
or Bofdms of the Heart, which are feated at its 
Bafisditv the Ventricles, and fo call'd from their 
fomewhat refembling the Ears of a Man's Head ; 
Their^Ufe is to receive the Venal Blood from the 
Vena Cava and Pulmonaris, and as it were to mea- 
lurc it into the Ventricles. 

J8urtttlta infillta* the lower part, or tip of the 

- StlttftUlft KUfte,' feWs-ear, a kind of Subftance 
thit grows on the Trunk of the-Elder-tre*, and is 
US*d in Phyfick. j 

glitittllfl 3WpoM*3 HareVear, or Scorpion-wort, 
an Herb. 

fltttfCla <^8rt», tU Herb Moufe-ear, often 
us*d fuccesfuliy in Wound- drinks , Plaifters and 
Ointments, and for the Cure of feveral Difea- 
fes. • - - -* 

jautlrtlla tHrtf, Bears-ear; a fort of Herb. 
&tltf CUlftr, belonging to the Ear ; as Auricular 
Confcflien, 1. e. fuch as Roman Catholicks ufuaily 
whifper into the Ears of a Prieft, or Father-Con - 

SfaVknlKlB SWffttH^ the little Finger/ with 
which the Eirs are pickM. 
#Ur;fl8mb» SttQriflamh 
^Wtffa, * 'Gin**, a Waggoner, a Gdleh-man, 
orCShiribtief: Atfc^htfWftmc of a Cancellation, 


— -iMhi 

confiftfag* of ^S|arsiinthe/Nahhflrnjftict>o6Al^ > 
Ven^ ahd noted for Tempdfaj^ Liu: ^l,j -*ri' 1 *f 

3tlrig0 7 the Yellow Jaundice ;da£dfca&u ..£.1 

^Uriptffmemimty a kinAof Jtofe6^*l»n«Ai- 
Colour ; Yellow Qrpiney of £kfcraeit. Si\ , u ' • ■ * I 

Jfctn*, an Ear $ die Organ^wi iAttrtmen* ctf» 
Hearing. ' > ■ ! ■- , '^' i 5 ^T^i k ^-.''..-m 

jauw #artW^ a kkd of iWKift^ tiieSkape 
of which exad:ly refembles an Ear. 

aurra, the Momingnlwflight^ Ae Dtmti^oz 
break of Day f which begins to i^pear, wh« die 
Sun comes within Eighteen Degrees of thei HorU 
%on, and ends when it rifes above it. » /; 

fttttUStt* Gold # the moft pure an&perfe& «f all 
Metals* ' 

3ttrtmt Sfulvtimtw or ^affKwof «MD, a Chy. 

mical powder made of Gold, diflblved in Jqwa 
Re gat is, and precipitated with VolatUe Spirit of 
Sal-Armoniack, or Oil of Tartar : It takes Name 
from its fulminating, or making a great Noife likfe 
Thunder, when 'tis heated over the Fiffc irf a 
Jpoon : F*r it will flie off and give a Report like 
a Gun, without doing any Mifchief j its Force be- 
ing chiefly downward , and quite contrary to 
Gun-powder that burns upward. See Putvu fW- 
minanf. ! 

aw«m #ofaitum or Quotum, a fore of Com- 

pofition Chymicaliy prepar'd, which Winters and 
Statuaries make ufe of, to lay on a Colour like 
Brafsor Copper: Iris made of a Mixture of Quick- 
filver, Tin, Sulphur and Sal-Armoniack, febiimed 
all together. 

0unitH#Otabtle9 Gold made liqmd, or & to be 
drunk ; fr as fome define it, a Medicine made of 
the Body of Gold, reduced into a Blood-red, Gum- 
niy, or Honey*like Snbftance : However, the i«a! 
4nrtm Potabile, is ufcaliy nodiing elfe but (oine 
Jich Cordial Liquor, with pieces *>f Leaf-gold in 

it. . ^ 

SkUXwm l^fittae, a cimiff Revenue pecuKar to 
a Queen- Conlbn of England, and commonly call'd* 
Qui*n>Gold% which See. . . . 

SiurptCtoW, fortunate, prolpecous, bappify trf* 
j;ufn- lucky, fiivraiable; 

dufpitf llttl, ( among > the Romans ) a kihd of 
Sooth-faying, when they obferv 9 d the flight and 
chirping of Birds, to know whether any Underta- 
king they were about, would prove happy, or un- 
fortunate: Whence a Thing is laid 7a be done under 
the Auffices ef a great Perfen, i. e 9 under, his CbgaJ 
mand, Gondudt, Guidance, or Protddion. 

aufltr, the South-wind, the South Pais of the 
•auflCte, fow'r, feyere, harlh, crabbed, 0etn. 

0Uffete SCift 5 is fuch a one as leaves feme 
Roughnefs on the Mouth and Tongue; as is the 
Tafte of unripe Fruits. 

ja»ftertt1? or auiKwneffl, Severity, Stri<ftne& t 
Hutbi 3tiKl See Auguftiu ¥rien. 
SLuKtaU Southern, belonging to the South j as 
the Six Auftral Signs of the ^odise^, ifk. Libra, 
S corf to, Sagittarius, Cafricornus, Afuariusand Psjdes, 
fo call'd, becaufe they are on the South Side of the 
Equinodlial Line. 

3ufltirCU«, a Word us'd in fome aamnt Latin 
Deeds, for the Gcfbawk, a Bird of Prey. 

autfjettfiCfe, (Gr.) that is of good Authority^ 
generally allowed or approved di y Origrial, ^cre- 
dible. ' •■ V ' ■ ' * <• • f 
autlltttticfcf, the Title of the Third VoterttJ 
or Tome ©f the Civil Law, fo^ttJTd, 1>ecauft^it 
has its Ambornry from it felf ;' ai proceeding from^ 
the Emperoor^i^owii Moteh,- ot elfe'lbr that k i^ttr 
Origisal to^ othfr Wrwin as wbitfauir^ Cftpfd b^t J 
'of it: ;Xw * Volume of New Conftituoons, *t* 


Digitized by 



A W 



after the Code, and 'brosghctiinifi the «' Btfdyio&tbevv 
Law, udtoftitt^Bpoku^ifjtf *<.ubj 3 - ; cv r Hf. 
gtft^^laM^eliias i^ thertnrfc^ufe.iifra 
Thing; the/j|nifianfrt4 Contriver,, oraMaJcer of vm 
Tlbi!*!jf*btm^lriser r ic^ Book; thfc 

Head of a Parry, Fa&ion, of Sedition. 

5jpa^liflflh tjia<Me y or maintained by Autho- 
rity. • *3 -^ " l ( '- »:■: ' • "' >: 

ifllpd)i*l%:>Fbwin> Rrie* Prebeininence, Credit, 
Imtreft^ «aI(o£a Tf ftimony, or Faflage of an Au^ 
t h«vv quoted to jn*fcd good what one fays. 

To &Ut$0tt$C> w S* ve Authority, or Power* 
to Impower;, to .allow by Authority, to Goonre- 

-ftt0K}tj)ffntyC*>O Ae Qrigpttl *nd Primi- 
tif^&habKaata<oi~any Country, as it were fprung 
ott of the Earth it felf ; particalarly the molt an- 
ctfgftdP^opleof Athens m Greece were fo call'd* See 
Ahziginet* , r> < i 

ijaiitO«ap|Wltl or autograph, the peculiar 
Hand-Wcit'tng* of any particular Perfon ; or the 
Original df any Tieatife or Difcourfe, with refpe& 
to^a Copy* 

2uU3matmV(in Mtchanicks) an Engine or In- 
ftrument that goes by a Vice, Spring, Screw, or 
Weight; any Piece of Art that Teems to move of 
ictfelf* as a Clock, Watch, Jack, && Among 
fome Writers in Payfick, it is taken for the Moti* 
on* of the Heart, the Working of the Bowels, &c. 

iUitlPHatOU* or Mtmmamli Self-moving or 

that feems to have a Motion within it felf. 

^ailtOffia, the View of any Thing taken , ty 
the Sight, or die Seeing a Thine with one's own 

jailtopljom (in the Civil-Law) a Thief taken 
in the very Fact, er with the Thing heftole about 
him ; Back-berond. 

&Ut0^0* &8nt& Houfhold-Bread made of 
Corn, as it comes from the Mill, Flower and Bran 

autrtmitC, (a. d. another Mitre) a kind of Veft- 
ment, ^aentiem'd in Chaucer. 

J&Ututtin, {JLat.j rne tnira aesuon or tne leaf, < 
vflieit Grapes aadr other Prints are gathered 9 the 
3&R*e of Harvdft and Vintage. 

iJUtWniH&lbtl*, a fort of Apple, of a Iongifli 
Siftpe* and very ted Colour, both within and with- 
o^x It is a : very good Frufc to eat raw, and no 
left. wftful for Compotes. r, 

Autumnal, belonging to. Autumn. 

,#tJUltt$0, a pulling, or plucking away. 
&UJ, an Aftronomical Term, the fame with Auge 
and 4$&*umi which See. c -t*. 

,$1^010, (Gr. i. * Incxeafe) a Figure in ftfaetQ- 
riqk. y^** 1 anywThing is magnify'd too muctf. - . 
MujtimtP, (Lat.) that comes to aid, fuccour, 
and agift ; helpful. 

Hufiimt WtbB, (inGrwmar) are fuch as help 
to Form or Conjugate others, as To have and To be, 
in|he JfygKjk Tongue, avoir and itre in the,Fr«ic£. 

^StiffifUttKf Or duTiltat? JFOJCfli* feveral Regi- 
meats that are rais'd in the City of Londtn, upon 
foqse, extraordinary Occafion, to affift the Trained 

«JfflPttlHW^<i^) Aid, Help, Succour, Supply : 
In a Medicinal Senfe, any Remedy that is good 
agatog^Pi&a&r i.» > >n 

ftuttfowt Curiae, (in oM Records) a Prpcept 
or Order of Court, for the Citing and Summoning 
of^jOfteJftarsyu jttf the Suit of another, >u ••-■ - m 

" 3 WfRlte«i,fiiar0:iilt«ii.Jri Curia Jftfif, to be 

^^f^fe^aaniiStillkiMW ^nr the King's 
VftWf ii jifl Office heretofore felemnly undeira- 
^nJ^Vf^ff Courtiers for their Dependents in the 


>. awBim pwcr^w prw.AA %%w»* toufe 

ihus when an m ten our Tcn&Q} ^implea^d^ana 
not capable 40 defend the^Rjfj^ui hif own £J**ie, 
he prays Aid of the Superior Jw, rotffiftanij, 
juftify his Plea. 7 j r , 

Stumum ircgi3, the King*^ <*M°im raili 

fed for the King's Ufe andPubljck Service, 

j9unUtum mitttmnitum, the Aid or Cttftnaa- 

ry Dues paid to the Sheriff, r for the, betted Supperc 
of his Office. K , ,. 

J3to, Fear, Dread, Obfervance, Refped. 

aiDbape^ (old Word) amazed. , : r P , 

fltoait, (in ancient Stages) WayJaying, or ly- 
ing in wait to do a Mifchief. ^ 

8timb> (Law-Term) propeigy th^ Judgment of 
one who is neither appointed by ihe Law, nor by 
any Judge, to make up a Difference, but indiife- 
renrly chofen by the Perfon*a£ Variance * a Judg- 
ment or Sentence upon Arbitration. 

S&ffiuls apt to ftrike a Terrour into, terribie f 
to be revered or feared. [fi ,,, 

Htetl or #ttf 9 (in Husbandfry) the Spire or Beard 
of Barley, or other Bearded Grain, the Beard 
growing out of the Husk of Corn, or Grafs* 

StoltUtg, ("Sea- word,) a Canvas Sail, or piecd 
of TarpawUng; hung oyer t any Part of a Ship' 
above the Decks, to keep eff the Sun, Rain, or 
Wind : Alfo a, Canopy it fapported by Iron-Rods,' 
oftenTet over a Wherry, or PleafurcBoai; on thiei, 
River Tha mes. > 

jatWf0linKlg|t, aPoifing of a JoyntofMeat, 
&c. only by the Hand, without putting it into 
the Scales. See Auneel-weighu , f r •,/!;• 

Sit or %tt y the fame with Axis § which S^ ' 

a^tJCtCjl or jftAmH, a kind of Herb. . '.'.T' 1 

2jCtIla, (1-^.) the Arm-hole, or Arm>pfi, '[.: 

pillar or airtOatp, belonging to tj^at*. ; ; v 

Zrillarv arterp, is that Part of the Subclavian 
^ranclles of the afcending Trunk cf fytAoj^aA 
great Artery which is got out of the Chelt, t *nit 
pafles into the Arm-piti t " ., % ' ' 

aptllarp tHf ills, are the two Brartchcr of the 
afcending Trunk of the Vm*< Ctvf, ;Mffl^ji^wi* 
oupciMvu, wnicn running obliquely under ^e C?#- 
^«Ae, asXpon as they are paft ^m^nfl go up to 
jhe JVrJCn-pU?# are call'd AxiHares. ^* , ^ '.^,. 

3nom, ^GrJ a Propofition, a Maxim, \a gene- 
rally received Ground, Principle, or Riile $n any 
Art or Science g a. common and Self-evident Kpti- 
pri, tl?at caapot be nude more plain by Demon- 
ft ration ; as Tk&t where there is no Lav, thre it 
no Tranjfcrejfwn ; That a Thing cannot be and not be 
at the fame Time ; That the Whole is greater than its 
Parts, &c. 

In Logick, &jriontft is the difpofing of one Argu- 
ment with another, whereby a Thing is faid to b6 
or not to be. 

%tl&, (Lai.) the Axle-tree of a Cart, or Coach j 
In Anatomy, the third Vertebra t or Turning-joynt 
from the Scull : In Geometry^ a ftrait Line, con- 
ceiv'd to proceed from the Vertex, or Top of a Fi- 
gure, to the fiafe. 

&t0 tf a Circle or fbftUt, is * ftrait Lirfe, 
paffing thro', the Centre^ from one Side to another, 
and is the fame with the Diameter. 

In Conick Se&ions, &fi» is a Line that goes 
thro* the Middle of the Figure, arid is perpendicu- 
lar to the Ordinates. 

#FUf COtjUgatU*, in the ttyferhola. See Conju- 

#Fta 3lnttrceptcD< See Jbfiijf*. 

StfiB 0Btmmmtt y (m that Figure) is a Rights 
Line, drawn between the Vertex's, or Tops of the 
bppofite Se&ions, or hyperbola. 

&iS WMttttmtMU* is a Rigtit-Line, which 
divides intp two equal Parts, and at Right Angles 


Digitized by 



,B A 

3ft infinite JfeJouahcr of Lines drawn paraBel to one 
another within the Hyperbola* 

ftti&pt£U1l(bU% {ometimes call'd Axisfy&w, in 
the Hyperbola and Etigfis is the Conjugate Diameter j 
which See. 

ftrUftf aCPlftpKr, is that quiefcent, or retting 
Right-Line, abeut which the Paralellogram is turned. 

3W* in ^rtlttf^tO, (in Mechanick/) is an En- 
jne for the Railing of Weights, made up of a 

*m, Ihap'd like a Cylinder, which is the AxU % 
lying Horizontal^, and fppported at each End 
with a Piece of Timber : In iome Part of it is al- 
fo fix'd a kind of Wheel, call'd the Peritrocbiutn, 
in whofe Circumference are Holes made to put in 
Stipes, like thofe of a Windlafs, or Capftan, in 
order to turn the Axis round the more eafily, and 
to raife the Weight required, by means of a Rope 
that winds about the Axis. 

#F!* of notation or Cirmmtjolution, (in g«w.) 

is an imaginary Line, about which any plain Fi- 
gure is concei v'd p> be turned for the making of a 
Solid : Thus a Sphere is faid to be made by the 
Rotation of a Semi-circle about its Diameter, and 
^ Cone by tiiat of a Right-angled Triangle about 
it$ jfcrpeijdicular. 

' In Qpticks, J3FIB, is the Ray, whieh of all that 
aje lent ro the Eye, falls Perpendicularly on it, and 
Wbicn confequently pafles through the Centre of 
the feye. 

QfiB Common or Q$tm y is a Right -line drawn 
frpni jhe f oint or Concourfe of the two Optick 
iNerves, thW the Middle of the Right>line which 
joyns the Extremity, or End of the fajnc Optick 

#tf*.# fflW <lNaf*> ^ a Right- line, drawri per- 
jpendiqularly tnrbugh the Centre of the Glafs ; or 
jf #be a Concave GUfs through the thinneft pfrr, 
y a Cqnvex through the thickeft Part, (which iu 
each is termed the Pole of the Glafs) dire&Iy 6n 
to the Centre of the Sphere, the Gla(s-Figure } is 
* Segment of. - 

. In pioptricks, fltfs $ JntiWn«, ,U a Right- 
lin^ drawn thro* the Point of Incidence, and Per- 
pendicular to'the Refra&ing Surface. 

Slrf* Of KrfCICtion* that which is made by the 
Ray pi Incidence, dire&ly prolonged, or lengthened 
oo jhe Iri : ficJe of the fccqnd Medium, by the Ray 
pf Refra<3ioW 

In Agronomy, 3)ri0 Of ttjt ttttfotlB, is an imagi- 
aarj £ine, fuppofed to pafs thro* the Centre of the 
parch, from one Pole to the other, about which the 
whole Frame of the Univerfe moves. 

&titi of t§C 2S06iatfe, is a Line conceived to pafs 
in like manner thro* the Earth, and to be bounded 
Jn the Poles- of ' the Zodiack: 

Sfciingfa, the Grcafe'or Swarf in the Axle-tree 
pf a Wheel j the pat or Tallow of an Hog, Boars- 

fpf» (p'4 Word) for ever. 
yeL ^Ffc).a Writ vyhich lies where the Grand- 
Father dying poffefs'd of Lands, or Teqemenrs in 
Fep-Sinijple, j| Stranger abates, or enters $ fo as to 
4Uppfl?(s rji£ Heir. '■ 

3jalfcU0, (in old Latin Records) a poor forry 
#prie pr J*de. * 

3f4^l9gjan^ (among the Turks') young Men 
train d up in order to be made Janizaries, and fo 
c^Jl d bclbre they are iuroll'd, or enter into Pay. 
See Agemoglans. 

ajariak (Hcb. the Help of the Lord) a King of 
Judah. , . . , 

flWOI«flP>fgr«fe (Arab. i. e. lame or weak; cer. 
tain Degrees in the ^odiacf^ fo call'd by Aftrologers, 
fcecaufe Pqrfons bprn, when, any pf them afcend, 
are generally afli&ed with Lamenefs, Blin&ie&, 
Dumonefs, or fome other Natural Imperfe&ion. 

ajtmut^, (in Afirom.) are mat Yer tLcad ,C£cTeS| 
which cut one another in the Points fcatf d ISfSjJri 
and Nadir, after the fame manner i^Meyj^jak^ dt 
Hour-Circles do in the Poles, and p^^m';irnhe 
Degrees of the Horizon at Right Ahg6$; On tt& 
Globes, thefe Circles are not drawa/Wrepr'efein- 
ed by the Quadrant of Altitude, ytthen it is fcrew*4 
in the Ttytitb. //*"■/ ' t 

SLiimtXt^j is alfo taken for an Arch of the Ho- 
rizon, comprehended between the Meridian of Jhe 
Place, and any other Azimuth-Circle 5 orcpntainr 
ed between the Prime Vertical, and any othe r Azi- 

ajimutft #agncttral. See Magmkai a^l 


ajunutl^C0tt1paft3 an Inftrument made i*} a 
large Brafs Box, with Jambols, and a broad Limb, 
hiving 90 Degrees diagonally divided, an Index, 
Thread, &c. Its Ufe is to take the Sun's Ampli-r 
tude, or Azimuth, in order to find the Variation pf 
the Compafs. 

3jO!C6 ? certain Iflandsof the Atiamic^OccAtiih 
the North Latitude of 40 Degrees, belonging to the 
Kingdom of Portugal ; where fome place the firft 
Meridian for the Counting of Longitude. 

3j02tum 3 (in ancient Deeds) the Azure, or 
blew Colour. 

%$£% (among Qfymifls) isfometimea taken for 
an Univerial Medicine, and fometimes for the Afcr- 
cury, or firft Matter of a Metal. 

3 jure, the Sky-Cokror, or Light- Blew : In #r- 
raldry, it is moreefpecially ufed for a Blew Colour, 
in the Coats of all Perfbns under the Degree of a 
Baron ; but id the Efcutcheons of the Nobility 
it is called Sapphir f and Jupiter in thofe of Sove- 
reign Princes, 

fl)W*> ( Gr - in ****>) * notable Vein wbicfc 
proceeds from the Vena Cava, or great hollow Vein, 
and paflfes to the Vertebra**, or Turning- Joynts of 
the Back. It is fo called, as alfo fine jugo^ or fori 
in Latine, from its being fingle, or without a Feb 

ajpma or ajWUM, the Feaft of Unleavened 
Bread, a foiemn Feaft kept by the Jews, for Seven 
Days before the Paflbver, during which it was not 
lawful to eat Leaven'd Bread. 

b a : 

Jjfo mij the Third Note in the Gam-ut, or SfclJr 
WA of Mufick. -■ ' ■ 

*^* IBaal^ an Ajfyrian Word* fignifying % 
Lord, or PoflcfTour ; the hjantfe of an Wol 
of the Sidonians. 

iBaarB, (in old Hfc#ds) a felt of a Sca-Vfffel, 
or Tranfport-Ship. 

IDaafl^fl. (Hek making or preffing tofCther^ * 
Kinc of ffraej. 

|SaM or lBabrlM> aodently the chief Orydf 
the Ajfyrian Monarchal fo call'd fnom tbeOonibfioii 
of Languages that was there caus'd. ' 

toaa, (in old Latin Records,) a Httfc, Link of 
Iron, or Staple. * 

JIBarca, a Berry, any fmall Fruit of Trees, as of 
the Bay, Juniper, Eliier, &c. ^ 

l&KtmixmW*, the Degree of *fiatcfaelor. - 

IBaCtftlatiretf*, a Bachefor of Arts in an Univer- 
fity 5 at of Divinity, Law, fhyfick, &*> 

^acc^aitatf a the drunken Feafts, or Reirefe of 
Bacchus, the God of Wine. < 

Digitized by 



3£aCC|ar or ISaCCfjariS, a Syrinn Plant, fvveet and 
f Ieafant , wh tch £om c t a k e f o r o ur £ *? ^ 's G/£i>£. 

IBardracl) or ^affaffVffiBthcg, a fore of excel. 

lent Hjicn;Jh Winft fo call'd from Baccarasi) r a 
Towo 0/ Germany on the River i^/j/nf, famous 
upoa that Account. 

BaCCfjtUB, (Gr.) a Foot, in Gree\ and JUnw 
Verfe, confining of Three Syllables, the firft ihort, 
and the other two long ; as Hfcneftas. 
. ISacnferOUB Jplantfl, (among Herbalifts) are 
fuch Trees, Sbruos, or Herbs as bear Berries. 

i5.1tdbo:0US 3mmal«j fuch Living-Creatures as 
feed upon Berries. 

JBarbclrr, iSae&do: or HBatcjjetour, (Fr.) a fin- 

gle, or u,n marry 'd Man, 

Barjirlcr Cf &ttB y one that takes the firft De- 
gree in the Profeflion of any Art or Science, in an 


jf&tfpltt of a Company cr Corporation, a young 

Member, fpnnging towards the State of thole that 
fit in the Court of Afliftants. 

38acl)elGr>BWigljt* See Flight-Bachelor. 
■ 4 16aclje!ec^i5urton0, a kind of Crow-foot; an 
Herb that bears a plea (ant Flower. 

IBacfeilerta, (in ancient Deeds) the Commonal- 
ty, as diftinguilh'd from the Nobility. 

jt§8tlllt> little Staves, or Sticks : Alfo Medicines 
made op of a long round Figure like a Stick. 

To H5atfL to mount, or get up on the Back of 
a Horfe ; alio to fupport, abet, or countenance. 

$5S£&b?ar, (in the Foreft-Law) one of the four 
Cafes, wherein a Fprefter may arreft an Offender 
againft Vert or Venifon, when he is found bearing 
it on his Back. 

)IBatb4jCr0lU>. See Backberind. 

15acft4joar&, (Sea-Term) as To leave a Land en 
Mdck+board, j. e . to leave it behind the Ship. 
i ;»|Ctt4bfQF or pBacfe©liab.2ant, an Inftrument 
nsVl by Seamen^ to take the Heighth of the Sun, 
witfr one's Ba,ck towards it : It is the fame with 
Davis* s Quadrant, fo call'd as being invented by 
one Capt, Davis, a Wt\fh-*n*n % as a^lfo the Englijh 
Quadrant by the French. 

3I5acfe^a^ Of a ^fctp, certain Stays, or Ropcsi 
belonging to the Main and Fore-matt, which go 
down on either Side of the Ship, and ferve to ftay, 
or keep the Maft from pitching forward, or over- 

IBatbtermo or HBacfebermtD, (5**.) a Law. word 

apply 'd to a Thief taken, having on his Back, or 
about him, the Thing be has ftolen. 

To 115aCfelntC ? to flander, or fpeak evil of one 
behind his Back, or in his Abfence. 

To HBacfetU&C, to turn back, to revolt, to (huffle 
pr flinc^i. 

, jpaTO, a "MTord often found in our old Char- 
ters and other Deeds ; for a fat Hog, or Bacon- 

JBaoik or JBaftllte, (Fr.) a Swipe. In Fortifi- 
catio^ a Gate made like a Pit-fall, with a Coun- 
ter-poiie, ana fupported by two great Stakes ; a 
kind of Porr-cuHice. 

19flC1ll0QlCtt^ {La*. & Gr.) the Art of Meafu- 
ring accefllble or inacceffible Diftaaces, or Lines, 
t>y the one or, more Stave*. 

XfaDg?) a Cognizance, or Coat of Arms, worn 
by t fom.e Servants 1 of Noble-men, or Perfons of 
Quality : Alfo a Sign or Mark ; as White is the 
Badff cf Ipfwtnty 

^BB^jL^vl ope that carrjes Baggage or Lug- 
gage : In a. Law-^mi, a Licenfe'd Huckfter, that 
feuys Qw* } W[fjjhn Pfpvifipns^ in ojje place, and 
carries rhem to another to fell. ,\ 

^USaDgCr, is alfo a kind of wild Beaft, whofe 
Iffgx are laid to be (horteron the Right Side than 
onthe Left, and the Teeth (0 {harp, chat they meet 


in whatever it bires: It is other wife call'd a BrocJ(, 
Grey r Bore/on, or Bawfon, &c. 

To USafflC, to confound by Reafons, or put to 
a Non-plus y to fham or fool, to difappoint or 

liBag, a Sack or Pouch. In Traffick, a particu- 
lar Quantity of iome forts of Commodities-; as of 
Almonds, about Three Hundred Weight. Of Ani- 
feed, from 3 to 4 C. Of Goats- Hair, from % to 4 
C. Of Pepper, from 1 -»- to 3 C. Gfc. 

H5ag5 Of (Earttl, us'd in Fortification. See Can. 
vas Bags. 

H5ag oriBtg, a Country- word for Cow's Ud- 
HBaga, (in old Latin Records) a Bag, or Purfe. 
t BagatCl, a Word borrow'd from the French, 
for a Toy or Trifle. 

Baggage, Soldiers Furniture and Neceffaries, 
Provifion tor an Army : Alfo a Trul!, a Soldier s 
Punk, a Camp- Whore. 
IBil^niO, (It ah) a Place to fcaihe and fweat iri. 
315aJarOOUr, fin ancient Writers) a Carrier or 
Bearer of any Weight or Burden. 

HBfljajtf, an Emperour of the TwrJ^x, who being 
taken by Tamerlane, and put into an Iron-Cage, 
beat out his own Brains againft the Bars of te 

IB&fl, (Fr. in Common-Law) the "Freeing, or 
letting at Liberty of one arretted, or impnfonM 
upon any A&ion, Civil or Criminal, under Sure- 
ties taken for his Appearance, at a Day and Place 
appointed. Alfo a certain Limit or Boimd wifhia 
a Foreft, accordingly as it is divided into the parti- 
cular Charges of feveral Forefters. 

115at!S) ( among Sea-men^ Hoops fet over the 
Stern of a Boat, to bear up the Tilt, efjfecially 
when they lodge in a Harbour. 

HBailablf, that may be bailed, or fet free lipoti 
Bail. ^ 

To^BWL SeeToBale: 

HBatitifi or HBatBp, (Fr.) a Magi&rate apt»oint* 
ed within a particular Province, orPrecihcx; t6 
execute Juftice, to maintain the Peace, *nd to 
fecure the People from Vexations and Wrongs : 
Alfo the Name of the chief Magtftrate in feveral 
Towns, as hi Colcbefter, Iffvich,' farnfautkyicc. 
The Officers of every Hundred, or Wapentake, 
and of Towns Corporate, are alfo calFd Bailiffs : 
Alfo certain Officers appointed to arreft Perfons 
for Debt. J 

There are alfo MltffiS Of ©Wfcanm?, or^nm^ 
^tctoatt)^ belonging to private Perfons that are 
Lords of Manours, who gather the Profits for their 
Matter's tJfe, deliver an Account of the fame When 
requir'd, difpofe of the Under Servants, &c. 

WutUifTB (CtTailt, certain Officers appointed by 
the Sheriffs, to go about Che County, to ferve 
Writs, to fummon the County-Seflions, Affixes, 

IBatUtflFfi Of iFrancflifeO, thofe that are appoint- 
ed by every Lord, ro do fuch Offices within his 
Liberty or Precincft, as the Bailiff Errant does ac 
large in the County. 

BatflttoiC fe, the PrecinA, or Jurifdidtion of a 

bailment, (Law- Term) the Delivery of Things; 
as Writings, Goods, &c. to another, fometimes to 
be deliver'd back to the Bailor, or Party that de- 
liver'd them ; fometimes to the Ufe of the Baiter, 
1. e. him to whom they are deliver'd ; and Fome- 
times to a Third Perfon. 

3l5atn, (Fr?) a Bath, or Hot-Houfe. 
iBatnnan, (old Law-word) a poor Infolvent Deb- 
tor, left bare and naked, who was obliged to fwear 
in Court that he was not worth above Five Shillings 
and Five Pence. - 


Digitized by 


B A 


Tomtit, to allure or entice, to fet Beafts a 
fighting together, to waffle or vex ; alfo to ftop to 
cat, drink, or take (bote Refrefhments on a Jour- 
ney. In falconry, a Hawk is faid To Bait, when 
ihe cjaps her Wings, or ftoops at her Prey. 

J&tfj* See B*>^ 

SBaUOni or IBtlttm, (fifck the Ancient of the 
People) a Prophet among the Ifraelites. 

IfttotB, (Gr) the Whale, a vaft Sea-Fifh. 

OiBalab, (Hob. .covering or deftroying) a King 
of the Moabites, who would have hired Balaam the 
Prophet, to curfe.the People of IfracL 

X&aiti, (Gr. among Natnralifts) certain Excref- 
cences that uiually grow, or ftick to the Shells of 
the larger forts of Sea Shell- Fifh. 

ISalattit?*, a precious Stone, fomewhat Green, 
and like Corinthian Brafs, with a Flame-colour'd 
A Vein running through the Middle of it, 

lIB&latlittS, a kind of round Chefnurc. 

HBalatUtf, a fort of Maft or Acorn 5 any Fruits 
or Roots that have round Heads, as a Walnut or 
CGefnnc : Alfo a SuppoStory fhap'd like an Acorn, 
to loofen the Belly ; alfo the Not of a Man's Yard, 
or the Clitoris in Women ; alfo a kind of Shell-fifh, 
call'd Center-fhells. 

UtatomiS fyVttpRCij the Fruit which Apothe 
caries call Ben 5 but fome take it for the Nut- 

B, the Balafs-Ruby, a precious Stone 
of a faint red Colour. 

ISSlattftiUttf , the Flower of the wild Pomegra- 
nate ; alfo the Tree it felf. 

IBatbUttO, (Lat.) a ftammering or fluttering in 

HBalttXIP, (Fr.) a Frame of Stone, Wood, or 
Iiopj before the Window of a Houfe, to take the 
Air in, or to look out at a Diftance. 

JgaltWCtWI, a Piece of Architecture, in Shape of 
a Canopy or Grown, fet pver feveral Pillars, to ferve 
for a Covering to an Altar : Alfo a Canopy car- 
ry 'd over the Hdft in Popifh Countries, 

HBalDerUaQ), a rude Mixture, or Mingle-man- 
gle ; a paltry confus'd Difcourfe. 
iBalttttfttl^ a fort of Herb. 
IBalOtotm {Germ. i. e. bold Conquerour) a 
proper Name, particularly of Five Kings of Je- 
rufakni, after the Conqueft of it by the Chri- 

]U5al£, a Pack of Commodities of different Sorts 
and Qpanrity, as of Cloth, Silk, Books, 0c. A 
Bale of Cotton- Yarn contains from three to four 
Hundred Weight : Of raw Silk, from 1 to 4 C. 
Of Dowlas, or Lockram, three, three and a half, 
or four Pieces. 

To ffiale or HJafl, (Sea-werd) to fcoop or lade 
Water out of a Ship's Hold, or out of a Boat. . 
HBalCful, (old Word) forrowful, woeful. 
IBaleuga, fin ancient Deeds) a Territory, r 

IBaltfla or JBaBtfta, a Warlike Engine, in form 
of a Crofs-Bow t which the Ancients us'd for ca- 
lling Stones with Slings made after divers man- 
HWite &$\Vbta+ a Stock-bow, or Steel-bow. 
HBaltfla ifulminaltt, a great Engine made ufe 
<of to fccure the Walls, or Banks of a River. 

IBalittartU*, a Maker of Slings, Guns, or Crofs- 
Bows, or one that fhoots but of them : It is alfo 
taken in our old Records, for a Baliftar, or Crofs- 
Bow Man. 

J5altt30 atnotVnlO, a Writ to remove a Bailiff 
out of his Office, for want of Efficient Living in 
his Baili-wick. 

56al&» Difappointment or Baffle, Prejudice or 
Damage. In Husbandry , a Ridge of Land betwixt 
two t urrow% or a piece of Ground left unplough'd : 

Among Brick-layer* a gr^at rAlffmaf«lll|lHiC are 
us'd in making Scaflbldsj aPqle 8T &*£#* «vcr an 
On* Houfe ot Barn. ..,..,,* bio m\ ,imici 

To jBalft, to pafs by, or tate <r>q>NpticQ of $ to 
negled, to difcourage. • ./ .ilmJ \it*lj 

15alfeer% they that from a Oitf, « high Plate 
on the Shore, ihe w the Paflage oflfeijaqjr ttfthe 
Fifliers. SttConders. T 

IBafl, any round Thing, a Bulk* for * Qpn ; 
alfo a iolemn publick Dancing-Meeting. Bats *r 
Bullets are alfo a frequent Bearing in Coats of 
Arms, though never fo call'd by Heralds • bit 
according ro their feveral Colours they have thefe 
Names, vi%. Becomes, Golf ts , Gm\tt K Hurts f 
Orenges, Pellets or Agreffes, Plates, Pa*fw,^and 
Torteauxes ; all which, See in their proper Pla- 
ces, j 

ant) pocket, a Device made of Br*f% wkfa 
a perpetual Screw to hold any Tekfoope, Quadrant, 
or other Mathematical Instrument on a Staff, for 
Surveying, Aftronomical Ufes, fifo. 

HBaUaft, a common Song fung up and dawn ihe 
JIBaBattri, (Fr.) a Dancer, a Vauhe& 
HBaflantf, a pair of Scales, an even Weight : 
In Mechanic/^, one of the fix Principles, or 6m- 
ple Powers, which is conceiv'd to be a Right* Line, 
or a Beam hung up by a Point in the Middle, aid 
ferves to find out the Equality, or Difference of 
Weights in heavy Bodies. 

In Aftronomy, it is one of the Sijjns of the %odi- 
acl^ commonly call'd by the Latin Name Libra. 
Alfo two Stars named the North and South BaManco 1 
Alfo a Term us'd in Merchants Accounts, when 
the Reckoning between the Debtor and Creditor 
is made even* 
mBamttf fl* gfc See Btrokxt^ 
HBaOanceof&ate, is the Difference, or Excels 
between the Value of Commodities bought of Fo- 
reigners, and the Value of our own Native ProduJ 
dions carry'd into other Nations* 

IBaiiance of a mate!) or cta& is that p^rt of 

it, which by its Motion, regulates and determines 
the Beats. 

To IBaQantt, to poife or make even Weight, 
to even an Account ; to weigh in Mind, or consi- 

IBallatf, a certain Quantity of Gravel, $aJ}d,' 
Scones, or any Weight put into the Bottom of a 
Ship, to make her fail right and fteady, and to 
keep her from over-fetring. » 

The HBaUaft is faid Tojhoet, or be /hot, when ir 
runs from one Side to the other. To ttomtk fkeiBoU 
laft, is to divide or feparate it. i v 

2l5attt*i4ftBeg&> a CoUege in the Uoiver%$f 
Oxford, built by John BaBiol, Father of the King 
of Scots of that Name. 

JBattttte* SttBalifta. 

HBaWttr or HBalnifltr, (in ArchiteB.) the la- 
teral, or Side-part of the Scroll, whkh makes the 
Curl-tuft in the Capital of a Pillar of *Jbc/m#dfc 
Order : Alfo a Rail or little Pillar,, fuch as arc 
feen on the Out-fide of Cloyfters, Terraffe^ Gal- 
leries, (Sc Alfo an Indofure of Pillars that rails 
in the Communion-Table in a Church, or fuch as 
is fet about the State-Bed of a Prince, &c. 

15aflttM, ( in ancient Latin Deeds ) a baili- 
wick, i. e. a whole County under the Jurifdidien 
of the SheriflF; a Hundred, with «efpe<a to.,tfl e 
chief Conftable j a Manour, witt, jceipec^ ^ the 
Steward, ($c. 

IBaBitW amoteQOo. See MaUvo *m*mfa \ \ 

Mitel or JBaHoqn, (Fr.) aroo^^ ? al^ a|fei jrpat 
Ball witlf which Princes and $obleiqiefn ufe to 

a Pillar : A»ong Clymifis, * Jajgc JKece^tr, , or 


Digitized by 


B A 

B A 

: VelTel to hold what is diftiiied, orurawnoff bv 
T - the Fire 

HBallflt, a little Ball us'd in the giving of Votes. 

* BallOtation or Balloting, a particular manner 

of chu/iug State-Oncers, in Uk at Venice, when 

every one that has a Vote, puts fuch a Bailor, or 

~ a Bafl of a different Colour, according to the Diver- 

fitv of the Parties that itand for the Office, into a 

' L««~ w *~*»w» *-*»- »^m -urn* LrttW* 

v * •«t^t^M ti «*''W-lBfakuig tfore- 
Hourid, black Hore-hound. 

1BailnflraB^/(in'^v£//«8irre) a Row of Bat 
liffe^or little' turn*d Pillars, fo high as, for a 
I4iii to reft his Elbows ; fixed upon a Terrafs- 
'Waft, or on the Top of a Building, or to make 
any Separation between one Part of it and ano- 
* riiet; " 

ii: EWfttt, the JtTice or Oil of a certain Tree that 
grow x s only, in Paleftine and &gipt 9 very precious, 
< |ncl 6f a vfey hearmg Quality. * 

*' Balm or lfc*lm*mtHt, a fweet-fmelling Herb, 

4 i wfitye Lefcf, wh*h render, rriakes a Pare df SaUer- 

' Furniture: Irrefifts Poifon or Peftilence, is a So- 

vetfign CordM for th* Brain, and ftrengthens the 

' Memory. ' * j 

1 »!f<?a$If, a kind of Plant. 

. ptitit*tk/(Ut) a Bath, a Wafting-flace;' a 

Bain, S(£w, or Hor-houfe : Among fame Writers 

in Phfjic\ it is taken for a Bathing of the whole 

Body, or of the lower Pans oriW: Alfo a ijame 

given by C&yafcifts to feveral gentfe Ways oftk- 

Balneum £ftife or Bateftii awnofum, ihe 

Sand-bath; whfcn ^Flowers, Friiits, or other Pl)j. 
fical Ingredients are infas'd, by putting them wi dh 
Water into a Qucurbite, or Body t clofe ftop'd, anH 
fetring the Veffe! in hot Sand, br elfe in Afoes; 
and then it is termed Balneum rfheris, or Bdlneutn 
Cinereum, J 

IBalfiettm $&rfa% is when the Cucurbite contain- 
ing any Matter to be diBilled, is clofe ftop'd, and 
'plac'dfn a Veffel of Water ; fo that the Wat<?r 
growing hor, may heat the Cucurbite gently, and 
by Degrees : This Term is corruptly us'd for Sal- 
nmtn Maris, i. e. a Sea 91* Water- bath. 

Bartoeum mapeniz ot Bafnrfori fflapmofuw, 

the Vapourous Bath, is when the Veffel that con- 
'ttfiMtbe Matter, is fet In another, half full of Wa- 
ter, and is heated by the Vapours, or Scean^ttia't 
arife from the hot or boiling Water. 
* Bttl&lit, figoifies, 1. The Juice of the BaFfam, 
or Balm-tree, and fome other natural Balfams ; 
rfkthat'of 1W#, Peru, &c. 2. A kind of Perfume, 
orfweet-fcenied fpirituous Subftance of the Con- 
. fiftihfcc of an Ointment, as AfoplcBicl^ Balfam, 
Balfam of J(ofes, &c. 3. Certain Liquors extra- 
cted, or drawn from Gums, or Rofiny Subftances, 
with Sjftrit of Wine - as Nervous Balfam, Sciatick 
Balfam. 4. The Solutions and Preparations of 
fome Salts, To calfd by Chymifts, as Balfam of 
Sdtuht, Tartar, Sal Gemma, &c. 5. Some parti- 
cular Preparations of Medicines in that Form ; as 
Balfam of Sulphur, &c. 

4 JBattfatfl Of J&atum, is a Solution of Saccharum 
S&hrnT; or Sugar of Lead, made with Spirit, or 
Oil of Ttfrpcatme 1 , and digefted 'till the Matter 
Iw^wtny a red Tiii&ure. 

BWffcW of £ttfp!>uT, the oily Parts of Com- 
mom Sulphur, or Brimrftone diflblv'd in Oil of 
Ti|r5)efifin< J dr^|bB^ i 6f&r diftilled Oil - an ex- 
tent RtxtttOj f^ Ulcers of the Bread and 

ISaffattftflA bf JRflfattl&SL. (Lui.) an Herb, of 
*Wfcli Btefkro i*iniB?So heal Ufcers. 

Betfamtffe, belonging to, or having the Quality 
of Balfcou 

ffiajfamita, the Herb Coft-inary. Balfamua- 
»>**, the Herb Maudlin. 

JlBalfamrtcjr, an Herb, fo call'd from its Balfa- 
nucR Smell. 

Icalfamum, Balfam, the Balnvtree, and tlit 
Juice ol a moft fragrant Smell that drops from 

mitimvivm^ a beautiful Bird x* Man- Ian* 
w,tn mack ami yellow Feathers, fo catfftmn thi 
Colours of Or and Sable, in the Coat oOfiS be- 
longing to the Lord Baltmoe, Proprietor of that 

JBamma, (Gr.) a Tindure or pie ; alfo a Li- 
quor in which any Thing is dipj^or l^ak^i as 
Bread loppd in Broth. / 

llBan, (Fr.) a Proclamatiiia made at the tjead 
of a ody of Troops, by t^q Sound of T^rnpet, 
or Beat of Drum, for th<5 Obferving of Martial 
Difarjne, for d^cIariQg^^w^.fficet, orpunifh- 
ing a Soldier, ($c. s , r 

Ban mZ rrur^bair, s aPrp<rtwationiuFr4^, 

by which, ail that hold UmJ, q f rh e dftwiJ, ex. 
£ept fome privileged Office^ and Cirizeni are 
fummon d I to meet at a certain, Place, in order to 
ferve the King in his Wars, either Perfonallyo^by 

IBancalfa, {Lat. in old Writers) Cumiqn* or 
fuch like Qove^ings fo*. Benches V Sea^, 
yfantUW, a. Bench, StauTor T * 

Table, on which 
Goods wfpxpos'd to S4le, M k ,,?.. 

JBara> any fort of Tie; alfo a?fcody, ci'USmpa- 
ny of Foot, §pldier«. la Arcbiteaure, one, of the 
Pivifions of tfie Architrave. See EpifijIiunL ' 

The Baiffi Of iaerttancrB, (at Court) a parti- 
cular Company of Gentlemen, bearing tlall?a/ds, 
and attending the King's Perfon upon fokmn Oo, 
cafions. See Pen/toners. J 

, CratoBaww or CratekBanDs, ce^in feegiJ 

ments made of the Inhabitants of a City qr Town, 
trained up to bear Arms, and inftrude^ in Military 

BanO^JDOgi a Dog kept inlands, or tied up; a 
Maftitf proper for the Houfe, as alfo for Baitinjc 
the Bull, Bear t &c. 

Bantejr, (Fr.) the binding-up of any Thing t 
I)?- Surgery, Linnen-cloth conveniendy fitted for the 
Jrioding-up, and drefling of Wounds, Sores, or bro- 
ken Bones.; the Application of a Swathe, Roller, 
or Fillet to any Part. 
Barttefccr. See Bandoleer. 
Banpdet, (Fr.) a little Fillet* Band, or String : 
In Arcbite&ure, one of the Ornaments which the 
French alfo call i(egle ; It encompafles a Pillar quite 
round about like a Ring 5 being greater than a Lift 
but fomewhat lefs than a Plat-band. 
, BanWttO, (Ital.) properly an out-law'd Perfon 
in Italy, turn'd Robber; a Vagabond, a Hich- 
way-Man, a Padder, a Cut-ihroat. 

BaitDle, an Irijb Meafure of two Foqt id 

BanOoe, (Fr.) a kind of Peak, or Forehead- 
cloth worn by Widows. 

BaniWleer* or BaiU»leeti, little wooden Cafes 
coverVi with Leather ; each of them containing the 
Charge of Powder for a Musket ; of which every 
Musketeer wears twelve hanging on a Shoulder- 
Belt, or Collar. 

Bartftttt, a kind of Mufical Inftrument with 

BatlKol, a little Flag, or Streamer ; alfo the 
fringed Silk that hangs on a Trumpet. 

Batffip, a fort of Club, or crooked Stick to ftrike 
a Ball with. 

To B»H>1?, to make a Party at Tennis-play, to 
I tofs 

Digitized by 



8 A 

tiotaUfaff* to Debate, or Xanvafs a Bufineis ; al- 
to to gather in a Fa&ion. 

. 515gnfjs'JPoiibn, :«gptm#;Mi(chicf f Deftru&ion, 
Overthrow. - -f 

515l»tolRt ? or i^tgtjtfljatt, a kind ef Herb. 

5l5llifefii' See, Jfcntaj.omr/i -v 

To ^Bartiflh (Fr.) co fend, or turn one out of his 
Native Country into ftuSe Foreign Parts 5 to chafe, 
or dMv&rfway. " ~ - 

ffiSAK) fp little HiH or Rifing-Ground, the Side 
of the* Sea root- of a 'River ; or a Shelf in the Sea : 
In a Ldx*-ftnfe % it is ufuaily taken for a Bench, or 
Seat of judgment; as Bank la t\oync f the King's 
Bench ; Ban\ dh €emman~Pie*s, the Bench, or 
Court of (Common Pleas ; calf d alfo in Latin, Ban- 
cus ttetis, and Banc us Communium Placitorum. 

i5em«V fe alfo a Stock of Money, or a Place 
where great Summs ate taken in, and let out to 
Ufe, to be retttrn*d by Exchange, or ocherwife 
difpos'd liirftMU-'i ■!-« * 

UStinfeCt, one that keeps a Bank, or Trades in 
Money ; a Moneyd Goldfni th, an Ufurer. 

H5anbtuptC^ the A£t of turning Bankrupt 5 a 

JgaimTUpt-, a Trader that breaks and fteps afide, 
pretending to be nnable to pay his Debts, or one 
that having got together other Mens Goods into his 
Hands, hides himfelf, with a Defign to defraud his 

|gann or 15attn0 5 (among the Feudifts) Publick 
Notice given of any Thing ; a Proclamation, by 
whicb any Thing is commanded, or forbidden. 
See Ban. "••"■*• 

ISattltS or BanT0 Of jpttrimeitp, the Publifliing 
faf Marriage-Contracts in the Church, before the 
Parties are Marry'd. 

To ISBftnn, to Exclaim againft, to Curfe. 

SBatmtr, a Srandard, or Enfign. 

IBartllCtlt* See Knight- Banneret. 

5l5anntan0, a fair-fpoken, but crafty People of 
India, who fell the Rarities brought from thofc 
Parts : They are of a peculiar Religion, differing 
from the Pagans and Mahometans, and are divi- 
ded into three Se&s, vi^, The Cutteries, Sbudde- 
ties, and Wyfet : When they die, their Wives muft 
burn themfelves, or (have, or be counted Monfters. 

iBamitmuS, (/. e, we banifh) the Form of Ex- 
Jmlfion or* any Member, from the Univerfity of 
Oxford, by polling up the Sentence in fome Pub- 
lick Places. 

ISanrtftllfi, (in ancient Deeds) an Out-law, or 
banifhed Man. 

HBannOCb, an Oaten Cake, tern per 'd with Wa- 
ter, and bak'd under the Embers. 

IBanTUim or USailleuga, (in old t\ecords) the UN 
moft Bounds of a Town, or Manour. 

35anquct, a Feaft, or Entertainment. 

IPanqucttC, (Fr.) a little Bank, a raifed Way: 
In Fortification, a fmall Foot-pace, in form of a 
Step, at the Bottom of a Parapet, or Bread- work, 
on which the Soldiers get up to difcover the Coun- 
terfcarp, or to Fire upon the Enemies in the Moat, 
or in the Cover uxpay. 

JBanfttrfelc, or £ttCfelr*bacfe, a kind of Fifh. 

To IBailter, to Jeft or Jeer ; to Amufe or Play 

jEintUttg, a young Child. 

rSaptffm, (GV.%. e. a Wafhing, Dipping/or 

Sprinkling) one of the Holy Sacraments that are 

of Divine Appointment, whereby the PerfonsBap- 

ttzcM are* admitted int6the Communion of the Ci. 

■■fK6Ii88^htrrchl ** ■> 

' WffatimU %W»l#«fe to Baptifm. 

$3apttff, (*'ft*aHlttFrizer) a Title given to 

' fefoHhe ftrfc flitt'Baf«ifSfa«it!lMkf. "< 

)15apCiflertum, a Bath, a Yeffel to wafli the 
Body in, a Font for the Adminiftration of Bap- 

* ToUBaptije, to Adminifter the Sacrament of 
Baptilm, by. Piung [ ing in, or Sprinkling the Patty 
Baptized with Water, In the Name of the Father, 
Son, and Hoiy-Ghoft, for the Remiflion of Sins, ($e. 
To Chnften. 

H5ac, a long, narrow Piece of Wood, or Iron, 
for feveral Ufes : Alfo the Place bounded by a 
material Bar, where the Serjeants at Law, or 
Coun fell ours ft and to plead Caufes in Court of 
Juftice, or Prifoners to anfwer their Indi&ments : 
In a Law-fenfe, it is alfo taken for a Peremptory 
Exception againft a Demand or Plaint, of a Plea 
that is fufficient to deftroy the PlaiatifPs Adion j 
and it is either to Common Intendment, or Spe- 

IBat to Common antnUmum, is an ordinary, 
or general Bar that ufuaily di fables the Adfiori or 
Plea of the Plaintiff. 

Special USaiTj is that which is more than ordina- 
ry, and falls out in the Cafe in Hand, upon fomc 
Special Circumftance of the FatfL 

In Mufick, a 3U3&C is a Line drawn perpendicu- 
lar thro* the Note-lines, to bar in, or comprife a 
certain Number of Notes : In Heraldry , it is a 
fmaller FeJJe 9 only containing the fifth Part of the 
Field ; whereas the Fejfe takes up the third ! la 
Sea-Language, a Rock lying before a Harbour^ 
which is not to be Sail'd over, but put upon the 
Flood. - "* . 

Bat tf t\fc |pO?t, is a Billet, or Stake thruft 
thro' the Rings that ferve to fhut up the Port* holes 
in a Ship. 

HBatvfCC, a Fee of Twenty Pence, which every 
Prifoner acquitted of Felony pays to the Gaoler. 

i^aracb Se$ Mmatk. 

IBaca^pufelrt, Bread made of Fine Flower^ and 
kneaded up with Barm, or Yeft, which makes it 
very light and fpungy. 

iSaratta, a kind of Balfam brought from tie 

IBaratO?* See Barrator. V. 

JIBaratrp, (in Common-Law) is when the MaZ 
fter of a Ship cheats the Owners, or Infurer, ei- 
ther by running away with the Ship, or imbezzle- 
ing their Goods. ^'- / 

JBarb^ a B^4^Horfe. 

15arb0, a fort of Horfe-Armour, formerly in 
ufe, which cover J d the Neck, Breaft, aftd Crupper. 
See Barbes. 

To iBarb a Hobffet, (among Carvers) is to cue 

IBarba, (Ut ) a Beard, the hairy Part of the 
Lips and Chin. 

IBarba Cap?illa, an Herb fo call'd from the 
Shape of its Flowers, which refemble a Goat's 
Beard. Barba Jovis, the Herb Sengreen, or Houfe- 

IBarbara, a proper Name of Women> fignifying 
in Latin, foreign, or ftrange. 

HBarbarra, Rocket, or Wintcr-crcfs, a Sallet- 
Herb, good in the Scutvy, and to cleanfe foul 
Ulcers. O a 1 > 

JEarbarians, barbarous, wild, or fuilc/ People*: 

liiTarbarifm* an Impropriety of Speech, or Jtude-' 
nefs of Language. . L * 8 T1 

13arbat!tp» Inhumanity,. ^%;. nf . 

IBariwrw* ;if%v^ge, .nri% ni ^}& fy 

el s ^alfo itnpmper* or.-biJokeu r -.avag , R 

Speech. ' " 8 

BarbarOuTncfB, Outragionfnefs, frn 

polittncfs, Clowmflinefs, want of good of 
HEarbarP, a large Cvum.y vi^cf. 1 ™ 

y ^K 

{001 f rfinitoT 


Digitized by 


*t~ llll 

fl A 

ffiartettp'iFSKflflSj a rorc °* Hawks fo calTd, bc- 
caule they make cheir Paffage thro' that Country, 
and are more frequently taken there than in any 
other Place : This Bird is very bold, and feme- 
what Iefs than the Tiered Gentle * being plumed 
red under the Wings, and ftrong armed with long 
Talons and Stretchers. 

JBatbt, (&.) a Beard : Whence To fire en Bar be t 
a Military Pbrafe, fignifying to difcharge the Can- 
non over a Parapet, or Breaft-work, inftead of put- 
ting it thro' the Loop-holes. 

jSarbfS, * common Difeafe in Horfes, known 
by two Paps under the Tongue, which feldom 
prove hurtful *ciM they be inflam'd by Corrupt 
Blood : In Black Cattle, this Diftemper is a fuper- 
fiuous Piece of Flcfh on their Tongues, which often 
hinders them from eating their Meat. 

i5artaD, covered with Barbs, Bearded like a 
Fifh-Hook ; as A Barbed Arrow ; alio Shaved or 

3U3arbeU * Fi^ of ? ood Tafte> fo caU d from 

the Beard that is under its Nofe or Chaps. 

i5arberrp^2Dref, * prickly Shrub, bearing a red 
Berry of a (harp Tafte, and cooling Quality; 

t SBarbtCart, (Fr.) an Out-work in a Building, 
a Bulwark, a WatchTower : Alfo the Name of 
a 'Place in the Suburbs of London, near Atderfgatc- 
Oreet. , 

HBarblea, a kind of Swelling that rifes in the 
.Throat, and under the Tongue of a Horfe. 

IBarbUfi, JSarbulus, oriBarbe, (L^theBar. 

bel, a Fifh. 

ffiatcaria, (in old Hecords) a Barkaiy, or Tan- 

HBaC tarium, a Berghery, a Sheep-coat, and feme- 
rimes a hhcep-walk. See Bcrcaria. 

To SBacO I or iBeattJ JBHOOll, to cut off the Head 
a,nd Neck from the relt of Fleece. 

IBarDS, certain Poets among the Ancient BrL 
tahu ana Gauls, who fee forth in Verfe, the brave 
-Actions of the great Men of the Nation. 

In Cookery, BattiS are thin broad Slices of Ba- 
con, with which Capons, Pullets, Pigeons, &c. are 
cover'd, in order to be roafted, bak'd, or other wife 
dre u 

■ruacf) or li5artJaff), (/*«/. ) a Boy kept for 
Keafbre, to be abuVd contrary to Nature. I 

iBarcDana, (Lat.) the Burr-dock, au Herb of 
a drying and cleanfing Qnaiiry. 

Ugar&tllpfc or IBartulpf), (Germ.) a proper Name 
of Men, iignifying Help in Counfel, or a famous 

HBarf, naked, uncovered, plain. 

A H5flre, a Place without Grafs; made fmooth to 
Bow in, infteadof a Bowling- Green, efpeeialiy in 
the Winter. 

3BarC#Unt& (in a Ship) a little Piece of hol- 
low Wood, or Metal, like an Elder-gun, to Pump 
Beer or Water our of a Cask. 

IBaCffattl anD ^ale 5 (in Common-Law) a Con- 
trad or Agreement made for Manours, Lands, 
Tenements, 0c. Transferring the Property of 
them from the Bargainor^ or Perfon that offers the 
Bargain to the Bargainee, *. e. him that accepts it ; 
efpeeialiy in Confideration of a certain Summ of 

!5argC 5 * kmd bf Boat > commonly us'd for 
State ; as to carry Admirals, Chief Captains, or 
any Perfons of Quality t Alfo a large Veffel made 
ufc of for carrying Goods on a River. 

KJSargf *9a(ttr, a Survey of Mines. See Bergb- 

££arfe, a fmallfort of Ship, or Sea- Veffel, that 
has but one Deck : Alfo the Rind, or outermoft 
£oat of a Tree. 

To^garfej to cry like a Dog : Foxes are alfo faid 

B At 

llll Ill I^IM ^ 

To Bar^ when they make a Noife at Roma* 

Time. * 

315arfe4Jtm»tnff, a Diftemper that happens to 
Trees; which is cur'd by flitting, or cutting the 
Bark along the Grain of it ; as in Apple-Trees, 
rear-Trees, &c. or round about, as in Cherry- 
Trees, e? c . . * 

515arb^fat, a Tanner's Tub. 

IBatk^ganing, is when Trees are bound to 
Stakes, or by I horns, or otherwife ; for the Re- 
medying of which Inconvenience, fomc Clay may 
be laid on the galled Part, and Hay bands wrapt 
about it. 

Stan feat?, a Tan-houfe, Heath-houfe, or Place 
where Barks of Trees are kept for the Ufe of Tan- 
ners, &c 9 

HI5atlet>, a fort of Grain, chiefly us'd for the 
making of Beer. 

15arl€1>;C0}lf» is taken for the leaft of our Engtifh 
Long Meafures, three of which in Lengch make an 

IBarm, (Sax.) Yeft, the Head, or Workings out 
of Ale or Beer. 

IBatttWlOtlj, an Apron. Chaucer. 

ISarttTOte, a Court kept within the Hundred of 
the Peal^ in Derbyshire, for Regulating Matters 
to the Miners Trade. 

IBatn or H5ea?n, a Scotch, or North-Country 
Word for a Child. 

H6a«taba0 or H5araabp, (Syr. i. f. the Son of 
Coniblation ) a proper Name of Men- 

pntWitte, a kind of Bit, or Curb for a Horfe: 
Alfo a Seland-Gook, faid to breed out of the rotte* 
Wood #f Trees in Scotland : Alfo a fort of Fiih 
like a long red Worm, which will eat thro* the 
Planks of a Ship, if it be not Sbeath'd. 

Among Farriers, HBarnacUfi, f^OZferttottf %ttt y or 
llBrahe*, are Tools put on the Noftriis of Horfe*, 
when they will not ftand quietly to be Shoo'd, 
Blooded, or Drefs'd of any Sore, 

115atOC0 5 one of the barbarous Words that ex- 
prefs the Syliogiftick Moods in Logicl^ • and in 
this Mood, the tint Proportion mult be an Uni- 
verfal Aitinnative, and the two other Ncga* 

)SarOmftrr or Uf aroff CPC, an Inftrument new- 
ly invented, to find out the leaft Variations of the 
Weight of the Air, and thence to difcovcr its fu- 
ture Temper, with refped: to fair, or foul Wea- 
ther : It confifts of a long Glafs Tube, or Pipe, 
Hermetically Seal'd at one End, wtycb being al- 
moft fill'd with Quick-Elver, is turn'd up-fide 
down, fo that the open End of it may reft in ftag- 
nant Quick-filver, contain'd in a larger Glafs un- 
der it, and expos 'd to the Preifure of the outward 

^artru^BafOmmt, an Inftrument contrived by 
Dv.Hookj, for the ufe of thole that .would make 
fuch Philofophical Experiments at Sea, 

mieeUllBatomettr, a Contrivance for the ap." 
plying of an Index, or Hand to any common Ba- 
rofcope, whether the Glafs be only a fingle Cane, 
or have a round Bolt-head at the Top, 

ilBatOII, a Degree and Title of Nobility, next ro 
a Vilcount, of which there are feveral forts, vi\. 
i. The Barons that are Peers of the Realm, and 
fit in the Houfe of Lords, a. The Barons, or 
Judges of the Exchequer, four in Number, whofe 
Office is to look to the King's Accounts, and to 
decide all Caufes belonging to that Court. ?. The 
Barons of the Cinque-Forts, that have Place in 
the Houfe of Commons; The Chief Magiftrates 
of the City of London, before the Eftabliflung of a 
Lord- Mayor, were alfo ftyl'd Barcm* 

IBatOrf an& JFemtn*, a Term us*d in all our 
Law-Books, written in French^ for a Man and his 
* 1 a Wife J 

Digitized by 




w rfie Coats of Arms of a Man and his Wife ia*e 
fboffcfcr tabs!*} the fame Efcuiphepnj.tHe M^S] 
sfl* fh£./te**<v-,,*ir Right Side,, and the Wo»aiY 

^^Simfier^ or Left Side. Ocherwife, ifidie 
IWiie/beaa Heicefs, hen £o*t Itocnlfy 

the Husband on an Inelcutcheon, or Efcuiebeon of 

Pretence. i • V - 

o S$a«»tagr 9 ihr Title, or Dignity. of a JJajpn: 

Alfo a Tax* pcSabfidy; of Aid* to tetfajatyfatatfe 

#i«g or.Qaecn,joutof drc;Pre<£n<&* or Bounds of 

-J^WOflies.fd-(5H i'lU ,-:. £f -::-.- '-' 00 blL. d 

^BatOilCt, the loweft Degree of Honout thac is 
•Hereditary, nr-ft Founded .fcy K. $amv i> A* £>. 
-Bflfto Ttey haxe Precedence before allitaigDis, 
except Knights of the Garter, and fuch as are Pri- 
THfrCourifeiiorav See Kjtight>$arimt; /\ j _ 

15ar0np, that Honour, or Lordlhip which gives 
Title to a Barim, comprehending not only the Fees 
and Lands of Temporal Barons, but alfo of Bifiiops 
or Lords Spiritual. 
. J5ati)fC0|tf, xhe Came as Barometer.? which 

Batt. Seetf«r. „ \ 

J&ZtvaZail, a<fort of coarfe Gambles v 

fcSartacl) or. ISarrSque, a Hut like a Utile, Cot- 
tage for Soldiers to lodge in a Camp, when they 
tiave no. Teats, or when an Army lies a 
Place in bad Weather. 
j SBatratt:. .Set Ba^or. 

HBattCl, ^ Meafurc of. Wine, Gil, ^.con- 
taining z Kilderkins, or ?i {Jallons and.a half = 
Of Ale, |4 Gallons, and of Beejv 3<5. Of Soilp, i 
#4 Gallons . it« I 

ISarrcltf <Effe]C JBTMttr, contains i j6 Pounds : 
Of Suffolk. Butter, 156 Pounds* . \ • 

** USattCl Of t|0 (Eat, (in Anat.) a. pretty large 
.Cavity, or HoHow behind the Tympanum^ oj 
Drum, which is about three' or four Lines deep, 
and five or fix wide j covcr'd with a Pine Men*- 
brane, on which there are feveral Veins and Arte- 

JBattd* Of $attk ufed in Fortification, are, as 
it were, half Hogfheads, which being fill'd with 
Earth, ferve to make Breaft-works for Covering 
the Men, as alfo to break the Gabiom made in the 
Ditch, and to roll into Breaches. 

JBattrt of a flSlatel)* Sec Fufie. 

liSattm, unfruitful, empty, dry, forry, poor. 

SBatren or Creeping pp, a fort of Herb. 

fatten jMgttt» are Gemini, Leo, and Virgo, fo 
call'd by Aftrohgert, .becaufe when a Queftion is 
pur, Whether fuch a one {had have Children, or 
no? If one of thefe Signs be upon the Cufp, or 
firft Point. d£ the Fifth Houfc, they take it for 
granted, the Inquirer fhall have none. 
* SartttO^-or .SBatttt01» (tw-Term) a common 
Wrangler thac feats. Men at -Variance, and is never 
quiet, but auBfcawL with one or another ; a Stirrer- 
up arid iiiamtainer of Lawrfuits.and Quarrels. 
- .WWffl&'y a Word that is u^'d iri Policies of In- 
furaj»ce for Ships ;/ignifyirig DifTenfionsand Quar- 
rcls among rhs Officers and Sea-men. 
o- USatlfickWe, :(Sj)/ai.) a fort of Inrrencfcaeni, or 
Defence hiade in hafte of Barrels fill'd with Earth, 
Carts, or Trecis cut down , ($c. In a Regular, For- 
tification} Bahicadoes.zre Trees cut with (ix Faces, 
and cro&'d with Battoons a* long as a Haif-Pike, 
bound about with Iron at -the Feet ; in order to be 
let up in. tallages, or Breaches, to keep back both 
Horfe and Foot. 

Partite, (Fr.) that which ferves for a Bounda- 
ry, or Defence. ' > > 

HBattifr^ a kind^of Warlike Sport, or Exercife 
of Armed Men, Fighting with fuort Swords with- 1 

in: certain Bars, or, Rails, fe.r, up tc^leparate them 
from the Spectators ; but thele Spo; \ now qouq 
oucot Ule. 1 ...,i:,i t ., J(( . 8 . . . }1 j\ Qwjjj 

tin Eirtififdtidn, ^BttittB are great 5ia)cef pladtp 
ed ten Foot one lirom another, ai>d about four or 
five foot t hi$h r wi*b 'their Traaioms, or over> 
thwart Rafters, to ftop thofe that would enter, or 
rafti in by VioleneP? Tbefe Barriers arc com 
monly fet up in the- void Space betweerfflie ^ita 
del and. the Town, imthe Half-Moons, and other 
Works. ;\ l*gt 

Jfcctiflrr, a Pleader at she Bar T p4 a. Court of 
Judicature; who are of two forts, <vi%. u The 
Outward or VJter Barrif}*?, w,hp after; l^ug-Snidvpf 
the Law, for Sevea Yea r$ at tealt, ar&^call 4 ^ to 
Publick Pradice, add admitted to Plead, ftanding 
without the Bar, z.The Inner Barrijiirs^ wT^ 
being Serjeants at Law, or elfe Attorneys . of the 
King, Queen, or Prints,, or any jof the, King or 
Queen's Council, are allow 'd out of Refpo^ the 
Privilege of Pleading witlwn the Bax. r 

©acatlOtVliSattiatr^ fuch as ate newly caH'd to 
the Bar, who are obliged to attend th&ExerciTe or 
the Houfefor the fix next long Vacations, ^\,in 
Lent and Summer, and are therefore fo -ftyl'd du- 
ring thefe Three Years. , 

ibflttOto, a little HiiJ, or Mount of Earth, tnc\ 
as are raised, or call up in many Parts "of EngUndf 
which may feem to be a Mark of the Reman Burial 

^5atr«te#og, m fitoar Hog. tt 

JIBattp) (in Heraldry) when an filcuJpVon is di 
vided Bar? ways iaro &a ^veq Number , of Partiti- 
ons, *ris tifually exprefs'dty the Word Barry. an^L. 
the Number of Piecesj? to be fpecify^ : ftutif the 
Divifions be odd, then the Field njuft be firft nam'd, 
and the Number of Bars exprefs'd , , , 

HBatt^lScnO?, is when, an fifcutcheon is divided 
evenly, both Bar and Bend-ways, as Barry-Bend/, 


tnt 9 and Sable. 

y -whcu 

]15atrP#ilp 9 another particular Way of Blazon^ 
ing or Dividing a Coat, which is to conflft of Eight 

To 13artcr, ro T*mck, or Exchange one Com- 
modity for another of a different kind, as Wool for 
Cloth, Silk for S?uff, &c m 

HBartJj, (^Country-word) a warm Place, or Pa- 
fture for Calves, Lambs, G?c. 

JlBatt^oIomtto, {Ut\ the Son of him that makes 
the Waters to mount) the Name of one of the 
Twelve. Apoftles of our Lord and Saviour, fi^ce 
often taken for a Chriftian Name of Men. 

St. HBattftolomcto'fi l^ofpttaf which adjoyns to 
that of Cbrift's Hofpital, London, had at firft 500 
Marks a Year, left by King Henry Vlll. for the 
Relief of poor People : But it was more largely 
endow'd, for the Ufe of Sick and Lame Perfons 
only, by Edward VI. So that fometimes ab,ove 
2000 Perfons are cur'd there in a Year - 3 and re- 
lieved with Money and other Neceflarics, at their 

iBatton, a Coop, or Place to keep Poultry in 
The Word is us'd in Devon/hire, and elfewhere, for 
the Demeine Lands of a Manour, fometimes ^for 
the, Manowrihoufe it felf, and in fome Places for 
Out-houfes, Fold-yards, and Back- fides. 

H5aCUlrt>: {m, Heraldry) is the; t Qua|ter -of a Bar 
or fe^lf of the CJofet. n{ . 5Ux ^^^r^ 

IBarpcOCCalon, (Gr.) the Thora-ajpfe^ Icajf 

mWbma 9 . ^Difficulty in $p«fc*ng. , 
3i5arjtllai, (Heb. as hard a* Iron) a Je»ijb$9- t 
bleman, who relieved King David j«i Jii^ Diftrek 
WW* (Fr.) &ty (hallow. «VWftjflW3 B i-. afouQ 

Digitized by 



' 1£aff C^ftKlttr^ low or inferiour Knight, by 
Tenure *o¥ a bare Military Fee, as diitfogfeifhfd 
from Baancreis andBaronetfc, who wene'tke Chief 
or Supcriour Knights : Whence we call out^ bare 
Simple Knight, Knights- Bachelers, and ttie: Vhrftt 
cf Bacbelcr s Degree in the Univerfities, ftebalfry. 
lid rlie farnfc Rite/' ' i r -«f 

Iflafaltrs, (G>,) a kind of Marble erf ah Iron- 
colour ; the hdrdeft feladk Mfrble. :w , /~< 1 : 

j6arart«0, a Whet-ftone, of Totfch^ftflhe. ■ 
:; JBafP, mean, low, vile ; fhamefuV diffibhcft, 
ImavHh '5 fneaking, cowardly ; clofe-fifted, #ingy, 
-niggardly. — 

• % $0&fc Cotri, Money that is of Jefs Value than it 
ought td he. 

- TOflfe CiftirMLaw-woftl) an'} inferiour ©tort, 
thatfis nor of Record ; as the Court-Baron, Court- 
Leet, &cl '*•' " « ; 

15aft (EflaCf or ffiafe jf*^ Ijmds or Tenements 
held at the Witt or the Lord of the Manour. 

ISaft ttfltantg, fuch Tenants as perform to their 
Lords/ any Services in Villenage. 

S5aft Cmiirr, See §403 Tenura. '"" ; ' *£ 

J5arr, a kind of Fifh, othcrwife calld * v Sea- 
WoLf. ■ -[;- | 

15af0 ? is alfo the fmalleft Piece of Omittance 
thar is 4? Foot long, and weighs 200 Pd#nI*V vcne 
.Diameter at the Bore, being 1* Inches r It carries 
a Ball of Five or Six Ounces Weight,' and li-Inch 

ISalfe or llBafi^ (Gr.) the Bottom of any tfiing, 
efpfccially -of a Geometrical Figure : In An&iieBure, 
the Foot of a Pillar that bears it up, of th%t part 
which is -under the Body, and lies upon the 1 \ottt 
or PcitJUl. mi - - 1 ; 

JBafe tf a €mrtctt -swfort, ( in €*».-') fa a i 

Right-line, in the Hyperbola and PAfaM*, arifing 
from the common Interfedion, or mutual Cut- 
ring of the Secant Plane, and the Bafc of the 

; JBafe of an? fbliD iFtgwr, is its lowcrmoft Side, 

or that on which it itauds. 

. i&afe flf v ft ffiXtangle, An* one Siac of a Tnan^ 
gle may be calFd the Baft, but cdiwmonly, and 
paoft property, it is taken for that Sidd which lies 
parallel to the Horizon : It is alfo the famd, as 1 to j 
any other. Right-lined JFigure; 

In Fsrtificfition, H3flfc \i the Level Line on winch 
auy WorJfcjftandSjand wbfth.'iyeven with the Cam*. 
pain or Ground ; In Heraldry, the loweft part of , 
ao Efcvtchttm, don€ftrh^ of- the . [fbtte> 9 :MEfcile 
Mxv^Sinifhr Bale points. FoY £*/& in Mufiek. See 

HBafc ia>tftttt& a Term in Opticks, See 6i^i»« 

**/?. ... B ( *i : " I 

^fajKWffi (of a Can-ton)- is the great Ring 
next to, aad fcfchind the Toiich-hole. 

ISafeirci* a Word usfci by Chaucer,, for a Dag- 
ger or We*>d-knife. 

15afil, (Gr.i.e. Royaler Kindly) a proper 
Name, of vftfeni Aktr 00^ xk the; Px«*tedttnt Can- 
tons Qf^Srvttzerland, with its chief City of die fame 

. Xmil dr.^tmn *3fftj .a? Herb ofa ftfong be» 
dy Scent, whofe tender Leaves, m a fmtli Quait, 
lit^at^iis^^ifltA^tufoiTweiof SiHets- ^) . 
ffiaillir Sfttt, ( in v4**M tbe lamb with Sfh- 

i S5afili«fe ^t|e J3*filtt« «&L the iinner: Vein 
•f d» A/^^#«ttfti crilWtttbifA!*, beht^r the 

BtandiiJ^tihM Ad'^MM^* 1 ^ 7 * ' ' t 
gea6 J HaH i ;thatJba4 Tf*enR»^c^df'BilllPs4 awl 




Thefe Halls at firft ni^for^th^rWlJis4rffti 
ce^ were afterward* •luWd'tnto Courts of Tuft ice, 
ancf telaft intd Chuivftes: ^'hen^ 

5B«0!tclf 5 is' iene¥a4rt teketi for'K'^eat ami 
ftately (Church j as The Bafiticf^ *tf $$ Peter «* 
Rome;' 7 7 ' - T , ^ ^ r/l 

IBifilftt CortffftHtt&tl^were att'Alfriti^menf al*l 
Reform of ujc i-aws of the Emperor Zujh'nialr, 
made under BaJtWi ifid -fc» f WtMk^'-tnev 
tHpir Natte; andtne^ *^ere in Fori* 'tn 'the La 
ftemEhnpi're, ^eilh itsWiriWd\:!oti. zl ******#' ■ 

ftmtCto!> a Rc^al<5intfflent or Pkiffer, orhe* 
wife call'd Tenapbarmacon 9 becauie it^'wade^Jp 
bFFBur^Ingtedieiii^ ^Pftrh/ ^MJ^Wik and 
Oil. * m 

IBafllfcW, a fixecV&a* of the' firft Kfngnitude, 
plac'd in the Conftcllarion Leo, and otherwife cailcl 
Cor Leonis, or Lions-Heart and fygutu?- Its 'Longi- 
tude is 145 Deg, 2i /: Min. TOtifeeWii ?<).ik. 
Right Afeenfion, f 47 d. 47 rft. .wjsim! 11..W 

HJaflluiBa, ^e Play call'd Qyeffion^ and CorA- 
mahds ; the Choofing of King and Qiee^ «* on 
Twdfth-Nightv- ■*■ - : - !/ 

JlBafiltfiSfe^ a kind of Serpent, otherwife calfd a 
Cockatrice, having a White Sj-or on ; hftHeacf, 'as it 
were a Diadcrn or Ghrowil : She-drives away : a)l 
other Serr/ents wilth iW'riHfinfe i-neiihe^abe4?fhe 
roll up in Folds kf others 8o, but Beat* her Bod^ 
upright to the Middle, this Serpcktffc faid ro de- 
ftroy Li^in^-Crearures/ Fruits, B&bf *<Hr iHft&i- 
ous Areart, to burh Herbs, and 1 to 'break- Stones' : 
Alfo a long piece of Ordinance caii'd Bafifib ; % 

* 'iBamttt*, a.iehia of Herb. - •» *** 

TBatiQ%Muttt 9 XGr. in AndK) a-fcafr Mlit 
i*es that ante froth ttte : Si// T ^r RaBt 6f rbe Bone 
Hynides, arid fcrve to deprefi. or tetp 1 down: 'the 


' IJafW, a Bafe, Foundation, or Bot^olfe. J In iWr^ 
fof^v, rhe upper and broader Part of Ate -Heart) &ffL 
pofite to the Macro or Point : Alfo the bfcfrtonf of 
the BoneH^ozVw, at the Root of Ac Tongue. 
J To S^adlf, to lie, Or keep irra Place- earpofeMo 
the Heat of the Sun. 1 ^: n0l,! ^ 

' ®3«hfr, a well known UtenfiT for X&t&tV&s. 

IBaBkU Of 3ffa fccttDa, is a QuanSfty from 20 to 
^6 Pounds height : Of Medlars, t\Jd' BafWcbi 

•■J8a«*ct0 of €art[|. SeeOrfc//y. 

1 j^dmceuflff, (in'ohi Flecords) a Bafiier, or Hef- 

IBffft, (in Mtfick) the loweft ^alf its Farts, 
which fer^es as a Foundation to thfe orHeVs. 

The HBaft, an Wand on the Coaffs" @[~9Mla& t 
noted for the Refort of grear FWcks of Sea-loM, 
efpecially Sotand-Gccfc, or Barnacles, which as 
fome fay, breed there out of the rotf dn Wood* of 
Trfesby the Sea-fide. '* ••'/"" * *^* 

- 'HRrf0 or ^affOrti a kind of Cii^on ma'de 6i 
Straw, fuch as arc us*d ro kneel ufdn in* Churched' 

li5aft>tHt0lm- See Violin, " ; ! •» ' lf - 

HSdfla or HBatftato, C ambn ^ ll ? c ^^) * ** l 8i t 

ftrate or Governour of a particular Place J a Cotfi- 
ftia-iklW in chief tfve? J Body of' ^ffflfers. -^ ' € i" 

iMfiT a Cfmirt, (inWd LMtin Deeds) 1 Wfe ^ 
ntire; ot* holding by 1 VilTeniige 6r bthtf euft©'n%tV 
S^rvicej a?s diftiriguifh'd fvom'AltdTeHird, fflehigH- 
er Tenure in Capite, i;i. in^Ch^f^br By Military 

JBaift, (old-Word^ a' CMhr fof'Carr-Wdrte*, 
»U^ 6f *ra^; ! Se^; 'RiM^'iejU^lin^t^e 
■«Wot kneeling in Churchrt. : y ' " 'V' 1 

^JSa«P«IUXf1tl» of^WRf 3ff^«^c; (i^WV^.) 

iheftfrteas F/f^BWf>: which Sec. :,i Ts C: "*;.; ' 
'^ ««ftf, * WndW'Okm^a^r*} -WW* 
IBaffOOn, the Baft Hatit-boy ; i,MuficaM#»W-i 


Digitized by 



B A 


T ' " 

Tii mi , 

■ J ' j 'w' Mtn 


%JIWI* Mtge-tK* Wpod/ijade into Ropes an<l 
Maw, which Gard'tiers make ufe of to cover their 
tender Piants: it is alio ip'd for the Packing up of 

fevejal (^nao^efei Vl _ 

MJaftart, born out of Wedlock, not genuine or 
jeeue, fatfe^co^nufrftic * as A*h#***\ Child/, bafard 
Fruits, &C, . , :; '«— ■# • ' 

^"SS*^^ : fc a Legal 

Senfe, one chat is bora of any Woman not married, 
ft that theJFather is^.teqw^by Osfe o£_fcaw. 

,$ce Htthut. i ., ,_ L ^ ,, . : . ^,,1 ^ -.;. . 

is To S&«IW$0e* to maj$e corrupt, 
to marr, or lpou. • 

: r 1$tfteXlfgi\ the ^ bring fjiaftard : AIG**tr Inqui- 
ry t Examination, or Tryal at Law,, whether one 
be a Baftard or no. ^ u ^Ar'- 

To )&age, to mptftai. Meat as it is roafting, 
with Butter, Dripping, {yc. to fow (lightly vpith long 
Stiches i fo beaj^or bangpne foundly. m 
, r ^ftttWthe Namelof a Cattle at. Paris in 
France, which is the chief Prtfbn of i£at King- 
dom, : . « l ' : I- .> / ; ■ 
1 1 4Ba&^ttDfe (&*»•) Blows given w^th a Stick* * 
tCudgelhng, or, banging with a Cudge). 
-j'Mtttm, (** i? .^#>i*rIHW Workfpme- 
tijnes ^d, or. Und wijh ,,$?oug or Brick, and 
£op*eqjne* jrith.^qdsj which generally, advances 
~p«$$rd* *0.<|C?«paign or Fields its funding 
X^e$ being two Ffcw, two Flanksg and two jD<?m/- 

- 4*WWftfc is ,5%n,tbe two Sid^,bf 
jthe inner P*/;*** are very unequal, which makes 
4taiGorge5 al(o AnequaU. ..* -•- , : ' v 

^ JSafliw cut or *«frton totfc a EkMler^e 

whofe Point is cut off, fa as to make an Angle ip. 
wards, and two Points outward, that is, a ienailty ? 
3Tbi$ is done when Water,- ££c hinders carrying on 
the Baftion to its full Extent, or when it would he 

JKafltatWfojIlttl), that which wants one of the 
Demi- gorges, becaufe one Side of the inner Polygon 
is fo very (hort. 

Battton tt*ac$e» or rut Off, that which it fepa- 
rated from the Body of the Works, 

9«?m4l3aJK9n> a Work that has but one, Face 
and Flank, and is uliydly rais'd before the Horn- 
work, or Crpwn-work : It is otherwife call'd an 

JDoublt ftattfen, that which on the Phne of 
the great Baftion, has another Baftion built high- 
er, leaving 12 or iS Feet, between the Parapet, 
or Breaft-work of the lower, and the Foot of the 

^elloto or mmm HBaftfon, is that which has 
only a Rampart and Parapet, ranging about its 
flanks and faces, fo thai a void Space is left to- 
wards the Center or Middle ; and the Earth there 
is fo low, that if the Rampart be taken, there is 
«M>r**k in 8 •",* Retrenchment, but what will be un. 
4er $he Fire of the cefiegers. , . 

Pat Kaftan or flat Jfcafttat, &*t which is 

jrais'd in the, Middle before the Cpurtin, or %aight 
line, when it is too long to be defended by the 
Baftions on^each Side ; whereas the others aie 
generally before; the Angles. 

Regular baftion, that which has a due Fjftpot- 
tiopof Faces, Flanks and Gorges. -, t •'* 

Mt&l^aftittl, that which rifes equally to , thr 
Rampart of the Place, without any empty $f*ct 
towards the Center ; fo that Earth enough kaf- 
forded to ihake a Retrenchment, jn Cafe.^he jfe- 
fieged are r^lv^d to diipute every Foof * of 
.Ground, * »> 

Mtm or ^atd»n 5 a Staff, Club, or Ci^l : 

In 4rtkite8ure, the faqae as T^r^j ^iuci, , 
Alfo a Title given to one of tiie Servants* or L. 
cea xioder the Warden of the Fleev that VRffrf* 
the King's Court with a reft Staff, mr the taking 
of fitch Men into Cuftody, as are commitred by 
the.pourr, v ; _ ; - 

1$Bt 9 a fmall Bird refembling a Moufe that fi# 
only in the Night: Alfo a kind of Club w ftrike a 
BaH with, at the Piay call'd Cricket; ■ , 

MftK^|f0Wi«ff,, a partiqular, way of taking Birds 
in the>Jight. as they are roofting onPearches, or 
in Trees, or Hed$e-rqws ; by lighting ^aaw; or 
Torches, and beating the Bufbes, To that the Bkdp 
will fppn fly towards the Fiame^, land-f^ty be taken 
with Nets or otherwife. , 

lettable <8?CUI«», tfa^Land lying between &tg- 
Ifud and Scotland, which was in Queftion to whofe 
it belong'd, before the uniting of the Kingdoms. \ 

WW** SttBa&hr. 

Tolfeate, to abate, or take off from a Reckon* 
ing. In fdlconry, a Hawk is (aid, tp B*J$ ft B*it, 
when (he flutters with her Wings, J either 6cm* 
Pearch or Fift ; as it were ftriving to get away. 

lB8t|, a noted City in Somerfet-Jfare, which took 
Name from its hot Baths of Medicinal Waters. ' 

Tp JBat$?> co.wafti to foak. 

ttttttftlf, (in Ftlcwry) is when a Hawk is 
made to waih her felf^ either at horte m a Bafon, 
or alyoad in a fm*U River or Brook, that (he may 
gain Strength with a (harp Appetite, foas to grout 
morn bold and hardy. : , 

.-. aBKtnto 9 .(^0 • Step in a Ladder.; In An* 
tof*j % a Cayity or HoUo^v, in the Bone of the Ann 
*r Shoulder, on each Side one, which receives 
the Procefs of the undermoft and lefler of, the two 
U>m Bones of the Cubit, when tfc Hvhole Hand 
is ftretph'd out and bended. This . is alfo callH 

lBat|pptcro« , broad-leav'd Wormwood: an 

JBattliail, a kind of Weight usM at Smyrna, cor 
taining 6 Oaks of 400 Drams each ; which a- 
mount to 16 Pounds * Ounces, and 15 Drams of 
Emli/h Weigh* 

fmtU^tty (Gr.) a Stone in Colour andShapc t 
like a Green Frog. 

JBatratWum, Crow-fbot, Gold-knap, or Yel- 
low-craw; a Flower.- Alfo a kind ot Chymical 
Gold-fodcr, fo ftrong a Poifon that it kills Beople 
with the very Steam. 

BatratiWff, a Frog ; alfo the Frog-fifli, Filhingl 
frog, or Sea-devil: Alfo a kind of Blifter fiUVf 
wkhflimy Water, that arifes under the Tongue, 
near, the •String. 

■fcttatl, (Fh in Common-Law) an- anciertt 
Tryal by Combate, which the Defendant, in an 
Appeal of Murder, Robbery, or Felony, might 
chufe, in order to fight a Duel with the Appellant 
or Accufer, for Proof, whether he were guilty or 
not : But this way of Tryal is now grown out of 
Ufe, and wholly laid afide. 

■JattalUb, (old Word) embattled, or ha vim Bat- 

Battalia, (in Military Difcpline) Batttl-ar- 
ray, Order of Battd$ as To draw up an Jhmy in 
Battalia. / . . 

JIBattaUhW, a Body t0 f Foot-Soldiefs, confiftio« 
of about Six, Seven pr Eight Hundred Men : of 
which ufuaUy two Thirds are Musketeers, ranged 
on the right and left Wings, and the other Third 
Pike-men, who are potted in the middle $ but the 
Number of Men is by. no means certain. 

S70 Wtoup SBttaltollfc isto range a Body of 
Foorsn 6w* Order, at may b^moft ^dvaorageow 
for Engaging a greater Body, either of Htjrfe Of 
Fooe^ oc bpthjor to pteveur the Foot's being 


Digitized by 


B A 


bttjkeby .ihe Horfe, when attacked in open Field 

w^I general 

ill A K Oli/i 

or Battle the Enjage'1 
Fight 6f two Armies. 

S&fttWrra^ the Order of BatteVthe Form of 
z t ;p the Army for Fight. 
CM5tft>al, (a Term in Cock-fighting) a Fight 
i jhree, five, or feven Cocks, all engaged 
trjjb^har the Cock which ftands longeft gets 
#ain^BattCl>^e main Body of an Army, the 
Sc9p^ : of1^e three Lines ; the firft being the Fan, 
and the third the I$ear or %eferve. 
ra T£o fflttttfl, (old Word) to feed as Cartel do, to 
grow Tat. 

TbUBattffl, to welter, or roll about in ; alfo to 
fauen^ or get Fiefh. 

J&tftit', (in Cookery) a Mixture of Flower, Wa- 
ter. Jiggs, Spice, cj?c. proper to make Pancakes, or 

To WXttXj to beat or bruife, to play upon with 
Ordinance or great Guns. 

IBattertrlg J&tCCCS* See Pieces. 
ffiattttt?, C Law-Term ) a violent beating or 
ftrikin^ J any Perfon, an A& which tends to the 
fereach. of the Peace ; fo that the Party injur'd may 
either indift the other at the Seffions, or have an 
Action of Trefpafs of Affault and Battery againft 

fiT Fortification , ifeatter^ is a Place rais'd, 
whereon to plant .the- great Guns and play upon 
the Enemy ; alfo the Cannon themfelves fo plan- 

Battm* Of a CaiTtfc * Place where Cannon 
are iikewiie planted, which is ufully iurrounded 
with a Trench and PaHifadoes at the Bottom, as 
alfo umh a Pd afet or Breaft-work on tlie top, ha- 
ving as many Holes as there are Pieces of Artillery : 
Tib re are alfo two Redouts on the Wings, or cer- 
tain Places of Arms capable of covering the &den 
ip0ointed for ir* Defence* St*U 1 

TBatter? b CBnfilaW, is a Battery that Scours, or 
tw£>^$ & e wn^c length of a ftraight Line, 

fStitttXV Clt <Ef RStp, that which plays on athy 
WorK "o* fiqU'" w i' Side-ways. 

ffi&ttcrp fir Iffrtew or guttering li&atterp, is 

6nrf%r fen* upjn rhe Back of any Place. 

Jgatttrpfuitkor bumtr, is when its^ platforms' 
ftrhk be let down into the Ground* fo that Tren- 
ches muft be cut in rhe Earth againft the Muzzles 
of the Guns for them to fire out at, and to ferve at 
Loop-ho'es. This Tort of Battery which the French 
call en Tare and ^uinante, is generally us'd oh tfce 

making of Approaches to beat down the Para- 
jW9Jrany Place. 

4Troffi SPattfrtelf, two Batteries which play a* 
thwart one another, upon the iame Thing, making 
an Angle there, fo as to beat with greater Violence 
^Wjr^eftruclton, becaufe what one Bullet fhakes, 
:he other beats down. 

Joint Matter? or XBatttria pa* camcra&e, is 

when levcral Guns fire at the fame time upon one 


'"WRttfttrt BVSftraftt, Scouts or Difcoverers,Horfe- 

men fenr out before, or on the Wings of an Army, 

rfTBfiBeytwo, or three, ro difcover and give the 

Gelehd'an Account of what they fee. 

SSattUlg'fbtaflf, *« Inftrument us'd by Laundref- 
'fesrwybeat wauY^tnnen.' * ' 

IBSftle, (old Word) a kind of froall Boat ; alfo 
tteftrrie^ Battel r*KkfcS$ w * ™ 
'-*• to IBattle, (in Oxford Univerfity) is to take up 
*ftdVffion2;in the College-Book." "' 

mattkmmi^f"Qccb{ Mafonry on thetopaf 
^WfflFaB^lhBfflnifrTike a Dent, or in form of 
mmmifk^ni if^W(j»j, a asinfortifV*d Places ; alfo 
*h^T&ret ctfW'Hcnjfe? "^a * Snj^qnTl itf 
™i*l z ioo3 303 wmsiq ot to ; rnoa ia .xk/I I 

25attlet, a Scholar or' young Student, that bat- 
tles or icores for Diet ft? the Umverfity. 

HBatf OlOgtJ, (Gr.) a foolifh repeating of the fame 
Words over and over again in any Difcourfe, vain 
babbling; from Battus, a 'certain 1 ridiculous Poer, 
who frequently us'd the fame Repetitions: ig his 

Works. stBtnm 

Wmam, [Pr\) a niorc thitfeCIub, or Stick; a 
Truncheon, or MarlhalVStafF: In Heraldry, it is 
a Fourth part of a Bend $inifter f and the ufual 
Mark of Illegitimacy, being always borncouped or 
cut off at each End, fo as hot to touch the Chief 
or Bafe- Point. It alfo figmftes the Earl MarfhaFs 
Staff ; as He bears Qr 9 a Battocn Gules 

IBatUg, (Gr.) a Bramble or Brier; klfo an He- 
brew Meafure of Liquid Things, containing 71 
Sextaries : In fome old Latin Records, it* is taken 
for a Boat. 

JiBatoaria, a great Provence or Dukedom in Ger- 
many, and one af the Ten Circles of the'Emmre. 

Baubcl, (old Word) Jewels cut. 

XSautta, (Gr.) the wild Parfnep ; a Root. 

IBauDefcPfl, Tiffue or Cloth of dole!, -rtpori 
which Figures in Silk were Hmbroider'df 

llBauftCV, (old Word) a Beam, orjoift. 

HBaWnSj Brufli-faggots;, niade with the Brufli 
at length. 

JlBafotJ, a lewd Woman that makes it bet'ltaC 
nefs to debauch others for bain j a Procufefs. 

315afaBdck, a Cord or Thong for a Bell clapper : 
Alfo an old World for Furniture $ alfo a SworcU 
belt, or an old fafhion'd Jewel. 

15ato0rp, a BawdV Trade, or ImploymenrJ 
JBatoOp, lewd, filthy, fmutty jalfo filthy W«rdg 
of Difcourfe. 

315atorrl> a kink Hawk, that for Size and Shape; 
is fom what like the Lanner. but has a longer Body- 
and Sails. '"* 

1 JBatoftl, (old Word) groff, big : A Badger is 
alfo caird a BawJIn, by fome Writers that treat ot 
the Exercife of Hunting. 

JlBap, (among Geographer^ jyn.^ Sea- men ) an 
Arm of the Sea that comes up into the Land, and 
ends in a Nook : It is kind of fmall Gulph bigger 
han a Creek, near fotnc Harbour, where onips 
may ride fafe ; and its Entrance is call'd trje Mouth 
of the Bay. 

In Architecture, the JH5ai? is a Space left in a 
Wall for a Gate, Door, or Window ; alfo a Bay of 
Joifts, is the Space between two Beams. In Forti- 
fication, Bays are Holes in a Pagafet, or Brealt- 
work, to receive the Mouth of a Cannon. Among 
Fowlers, a Dog detaining a Pheafant by barking, 
"tiM flic be fhot, is laid To keepber at Bay. 

S5ap or |pttt, a Pondhead made up of a great 
Height, to keep in ftorf of Water for driving the 
Wheels or Hammer belonging to an Iron-Mill f 

IBag.CoIOUr, ( in Horfcs ) a light brown Red 
Red Colour : Darl^ or Biacl^Bay, is a deep-colour'd 
Red, a Chefnut- Colour* 

Bap^Eref, the Female Laijrel, the Berriei of 
which are Soveraign in Diftempers &i the Nerves, 
Cholick, &c. 

HBa^irtnfiOto, (in ArcbiteU.) a round Window 
or one made arch-ways. 

To S5ap 3 to bark as a Dog does, to bleat or cry 
like a Lamb ; Among Huntl men, Deer are faid To 
Ban when after being hard run, they turn Head 

JKa^arO, a Bay-Horfe. > 

JBaponmttr, ( Fr. ) a troad Dagger without a 
Guard, made with a round taper Handle, .10 $ick 
in the Muzzle of a Musket, lo that it may ferve 
inftead ef a Pike, to receive the Charge of Horfe. 

Digitized by 




JIBajar, a Word u$M in PerJJa, and the Eajl-In- 
iies for a Market-place. 

HoDfUtUttt, iP r O tne Gum of a black Tree in 
Arabia f of the bignefs of an Olive-tree : It is fome- 
what like Wax, of a fweet Smell, and bitter Tafte. 
IScacon, (Sax. a Signal J a long Pole let up in 
feveral Places, efpecially on fome rifing Ground 
near the Sea-coafts, on which are faften'd Picth-bar- 
rels ro be fir'd, or make a Smoak by Night, in or- 
der to ghe notice of an approaching Invalion. 

IBCSCOWg?, Money paid for the maintaining of 

3i5eaD, a S*xon Word for a Prayer ; as To fay 
wer ones Meaas. 

H3*a6tf 0fl or WtMtflk a Lift of chofe that us'd 
to be PrayM for in the Church : But the Word is 
ilow taken in a Comical Senfe, for any long tedi- 
ous Lift, or confus c d reckoning up of many things 

JtBrafetttt, a fort of Shrub that bears white 

3I5WBI& "an Apparitor, or Meffengcr of a Court, 
that Summons Men to appear there : Alfo an Offi- 
cer belonging to an Univerfitv, or to a particular 
Ward, Parifti, or Liberty : Alio a ForefiVOfficer 
that makes Garni fhments for the Courts of the Fo- 
reft/ as 4 alfo all Proclamations there, and executes 
all the Proccfs of them. 

315eagle, a kind of Hunting-dog. 
15cal, the Bill, or Nib of a Bird ; In F*l- 
cenrj, the upper part of a Hawk's Bill that is 

315*afe or H5etk'!)ra&, (of a Ship) that part of 
it without, before the Fore-Caftle, which is fa- 
ten d the Stem, and fupported by the Main Knee, 
being the chief Ornament and Grace of the 

l&rafetng, (a Term in Cock-fighting ) the 
fighting of thofe Birds with their Bills $ or their 
holding with the Bill, and ftriking with the 

JBeaU a Whelk, or Pufh. 
To TOttd* to gather Matter, as a Sore does. 
HSfftnt, a great piece of Timber us'd in Build- 
ing j the Pole of a C6a£h, or Waggon : In Sea- 
language; Seams ire thofe great croft Timbers 
which noli the Side? of the Ship from falling toge- 
ther and withal bear up the Decks. The Main 
Beam is next the Mafefinaft, and the great Beam of 
*U is call'd the titkjBip-Biam. 

Wttttl, is alfo a Ray of Light proceeding from 
the Sun, or other' Luminous Body; alfo a kind of 
fiery Meteor in fhape of ** Pillar. 

IBeatn or Ifeafflf^Sft, a Sea monfter like a Pike, 
a moft dreadful Enemy to a Man, whom he kites 
like a Blood-hound, and will never let him go, if 
he can once get faft hold : His Teeth are fo veno- 
mous, that the leaft touch of them is Mortal, un- 
lefs an Antidote be immediately apply *d. 

IBram of an anchor, is the longcft part of it f 

otherwife call'd the Skank, 

Ifcsam&ntlZL See Brew-Antler. 

IBeam^CompaflTrS, an Inftrument made of Wood 
or Brafs, with Aiding Sockets, to carry feveral 
fhifting Points, in order to draw Circles with very 
long HfJH : They are of good ufe in large Pro- 
jections, for drawing the Furniture on Wall- 
Dials, £&:. 

)Beam*iFeatf)CrJ, (in Fatcmry) the long Feathers 
of a Hawk's Wing. 

UraiW, a well known wholefomefortof Pulfe. 

JBeaifcCaper, a kind of Fruit. 

Bwn^SCrefOll, an Herb. 

HBear, a Wild Beaft. In Greenland. m& Spits- 
berg, there are Bears of a white Colour, and pro* 


ana their Skins Fou^i?e w ,.,FQC^ l ipng|: AJfec*he 
Name of Two feveral Caift^atuw* ojft6«^ers of 
Stars in tjie Heavens,. c^d.tyiVWtrapdtffairf- 
Ur Bear. , ...»., r 

HBear S'tteecb or 15?anMftfiR, ^Werhmuch 

efteem'd for n$ lively green Colour, and of ^#od 
Ufe in Pbyfick for Ruptures, asaUo for the Crajnp 
and Gout. a 

115earfi^ar0-, a fort of curious Flowery of 
which there is a very great and admirable Vari- 
ety. ; . . 

315cat*5^iF00t, an Herb, by fonie call'd? $ctjier- 
woit, but others take it for a baiiaxd kind of white 

To H5car, to carry, to hold up, to yield, or 
bring forth : In Hcrtldry, a Perlon that has a Coat 
of Arms, is faid To bear in it the feveral Charges, 
or Ordinaries contained in his Eicutcheoo : Thus, 
if there be Three Lions Rampant mi it, he isfiud 
To bear Three Lions s^antpant. 

In Gunner;, a Piece or Ordinance comes to bear, 
when it lies right with the Mark. 

The Word %m is alfo us'd by Sea-men in feve- 
ral Scnfes : Thus a Ship is faid To bear Ordinance, 
when flie carries Great Guns ; and To bear a good 
Sail, when flie Sails upright in the Water, with 
her Sails abroad in a Gale of Wind. With refped: 
to the Burden of a Ship, they fay She bears, when 
having too lean or (lender a Quarter^ (he finks too 
deep into the Water, with an over-light Fraighr, 
<and confequently can carry but a fmait Quantity of 

To iBear in Wtb tip ^arbour, is when a Ship 

Sails into a Harbour before the Wind, or with the 
Wind large ; and To bear in with the Land, is#hcn 
Die Sails towards the Shore. When a Ship that 
was to Windward, comes under another Ship's 
Stern, and fo gives her Wind, fhe is faid To bear un- 
der her Lee. 

To JIBear Off from SLafflJ, is when a Ship keeps 
off from it ; and when a Mariner Would exprtfc 
how one Cape or Place lies from another, he fays 
It bears off fo or fo. * 

InConding, or giving Directions to the Otters- 
man, they fay, HBfltr up t$e f^dtft, ,; ,. Jcc the 
Ship go more at large before the Wind ; and J#*r 
up round, that is, let the Ship go between her two 
Sheets, direclly before the Wind- 
To JBwrk See To Sard. 

IBearaeNCrecper, a kind of Herb. 

H3carDe&#Uj6&, (among Florifti) u a Rofe-hotk 
or other fuch like Husk that is hairy in tho 

Wmtt&y Perfons that bear, or carry any thing : 

. In a Law-fenfe, fuch as bear down, or opprels otters ; 

Maintainers, or Abettors : In Heraldry, thofe that 

have Coat-armours diftinguifh'd from others by 

Colour, or other Differences. 

IBcarfaff, (in NaviiMt..) the Point of the Com: 
pals that one Place bears, or ftands off from another: 
Among Heralds, Bearing or Charge, is taken for 
that which fills an Efcutcheon. 

bearing ClatotJ, (a Term us'd mCockrfigbtint) 
the foremoft Toes of a Cock on which he goes, fo 
that if they be hurt, or gravelled , he cannot fight. 

jdCSiCI* See Be^el. 

IBeaft, a Creature void of Reafon ; a lewd Man* 
or Woman ; alfo a Game of Cards like Leo. '.; 

HBtaflS Itf Cjjace, (according ro the 
are Five in Number, w* The Buck, Doe, Roe, 
Fox, and Martern. 

HBcaOfiOf t& JFoiCtf, otherwife caliy Buflsof 
Hare, Eoaf ? ajjdWolt. , , T . 

Digitized by 


B E 

B E 

iBeaflft anD JfOtoi Of mamtl* are the Hare, 
Coney, Pheafant, and Partridge. 

HBeatfc, (in a Watch or Clock) arc me Strokes 
made by the Fangs, or Pallets of the Ballance- 
Spindle, or of the Pads in a Royal Pendulum. 

To TJBtUt^ to ftrike, or knock ; re bang, to get 
the better or, or overcome : Among Hunters, Hares 
or Coneys, when they make a Noife in Rutting- 
Tirne, are faid To beat, or tap : Alfo a Stag that 
runs firft one way, and then another, is faid To 
hat up and down. 

To H5eat an Silacm, (in the Art of War) is to 
give Nonce by Beat of Drum of fome fudden Dan- 
ger, thac ail may be in a Readincfs. To Beat to 
Arms, is for Soldiers that are difpers'd to repair to. 
them : To Beat a Charge, a Signal to fail upon the 

To 115eattt» (general, to give Notice to the For- 
ces that they are to March. To Beat a Match, to 
command them a dually to move. To Beat a Par- 
ley ^ a Signal to demand fome Conference with the 
Enemy. To Beat a Retreat, to draw off from 
the Enemy, To Beat the Reveille, to give Leave at 
Break of Day, to come out of Quarters. To Beat 
sheTat-too, to order all to retire to their Quarters. 
To Beat tbe Troop, to. order the Men to repair to 
tkeir Colours. 

IBfatrrS, Printers Ink- Balls, with which they 
-bait the Ink on tbe Letters in the Chace or Form. 

IBeatftpCal or l&atifiCtt, (Lat.) making happy, 
or blefled $ belonging to the Bfefffed. 
. . jBWrtftCStton, an Ad by wjuch the Pope de- 
clares a Perfon to be blefled after his Death. * 
. To IEfetttf& to make bldfed, to ioft* among 
She Blefled. 

IBeSttQe*, (Fr. in Cookery) certain Tit-Bits ; as 
Co£ks-combs, Goofe-gibblets, Ghitzards, Liters, 
and other Appurtenances of Fowls, to be put into 
ties, Potmges, 8c 

iBcttitUW, (£*'.) Bieffednefs, Blifs, Happinefs. 

T&tttX\X> (i. *• "one that makes happy) a proper 
Name of Women. 

WtBU* (Fr.) a Spruce Gentleman, a Spark, a 
Fop. a Finical Fellow. 

l&aupUdDer? a Writ that lies where the She- 
.riff # or Bailiff, in his Court taket a Fine of a Party,; 
.either Plaintiff or Defendant, to the End .that he 
may not plead fairly, or aptly to the Purpofe. 

heater, a Creature like an Otrer^ living both; 
on Land and in Water, with fmall round Ears, ve- 
ry long Teeth, a Snout flat and hairy ; but the 
Tail is without Hair, and Scaly like a Fifli : This 
Creature is alfo call'd a Caftor, and, fuch Hats as 
are chiefly made of its Hair, are thence nam'd Be a* 
wr$ and Caftor j. 

jB&fttf, a proper Name of feveral Men. 

BeaiitemWor Beautiful, (Fr.) handfome, cdmc- 
ly, A fair, fine. 

To JBeSUttfj?, to make beautiful, to fet off, or 
fet out, to grace. 

SBtSUttfp, Comelinefs, Finenefs, Handfomenefs, 
.Pleafantneis, Curioufnefe, Delicacy, Excellency. 
According to the Rules of Architecture^ Beauty is 
thac agreeable Form, and pleafing Appearance 
which it reprefents to the Eye of the Beholder. 

A J5t&Ki}> 9 a beautiful^ very fair, or charming 

Bti&fe See Bevy. 

IBtraminga, (Lot.) the Herb Sea-Purflain, or 

To IBaaim, to make calna f to appeafe : Among 
Sailors, it is us'd, when any Thing keeps off the 
"Wind ifrom * Ship; pafticblariy when the Shore 
kee£i diet Wind away; and one Ship is faid To 
Becalm amotber % when fee comes up with her oft the 

ffctcafigo, a Bird like a Wheat-ear* that eats 

Figs. * 

WttfytkB or Becfncal apetiirine^ Medicines 

that are good for the Gunng or Affwaging of a 
Cough ; as Lozenges, Licorice, 6?c. 

JSccb, a little River, or Brook. 

H5e&> a Place to lie, or take Reft on : la Gunne- 
ry, that thick Plank which lies immediately under 
a Piece of Ordinance on the Carriage, being, as it 
were the main Body of the Carriage : A Bed of 
Snakes, is a Knot of young ones. The neither 
MiH-ftone is alfo eali'd The Bed. 

To HBeD teftl) one, to lie together in the fame 
Bed : Among Hunters, a Roe is faid To Bed, when 
fhe lodges in a particular Place. 

JRefctiO, thac is fo weak by Sicknefs, or old 
Age, as not to be able to rife from one's Bed. 

BtMftfe or BtDfrale, a Friendly Appointment 
for the Meeting of Neighbours, at the Houfe of 
New- marry 'd Perlbns, or other Poor People ; 
where they us'd to Drink together, and the 
Guefts generally contributed to the Houfe-Kccp- 

3tmt or H&WXtt, the nekber-ftone of an 

H&tK, the Name of a learned Englijb Monk; 
who iiv'd near Newcaftle upon Tine, and had the 
Title of Venerable, as well in his life-time as 
fince bis Death. 

^MN&> an Hofpital, or Almes-ltowfc far 
Bede$-Men, or poor People, who pray'd for tneir 
Founders and Bcuefadors. 

IBtOei, * Cryer, a Beadle, from the S axon Word 
Bydde 9 to Publifti, or Declare : as to bid and forbid 
the Banes of Matrimmry, Bidding of Prayers, &c* 
Hence came our Univerfity-Beadles, Church-Bea- 
dles, now calTd Snmmoners, or Appariw% Beadle 
of the Beggars, 8c 

ICmterp, the Jorifdidion of, or Ptecinft be*; 
longing to a Bedel, or Beadle. 

UStKttpt or WXKtfe, a Service anciendy per- 
formed by fome Tenants, in Reaping their Land* 
lord $ Corn at Harveft, and fome (more-efpeci* 
ally in Wales) are ftill bound to give one, two, or 
more Days Work for. that Purpofe, when re- 
quir'd ; which in fome Places are call'd Bom- 

Hfttriam, the Name of a ftately Hofpital in 
London, where mad People are kept, corruptly 
fo call'd for Betblem, which in Hebrew figtufies 
an Houfe of Bread. See Betblem, and Betblem- 

A HBeBlam or ffie&lamfte, a mad, or diftraded 

15ettl), a forr of Tree. 

JBetf a la mote, (Fr. in Cukgry) is Beef well 
beaten, larded, and ftew'd with Pepper, Salt, 
Lemmon, half a Dozen of Muflifooms, a Glafsof 
White- Wine; 8c 

15ecr, a well known fort of Drink. Alfo a Term 
us'd by Weavers, and fignifying ninet|en Ends of 
Yarn, running all together out of the Trough, all 
tbe Length of the Cloth. 

iSeefO&l, a Broom to fweeo with : Alfo an Ad- 
dition made to the Names of feveral Herb** upon 
Account of their refembling a Broom $ as Beefom- 
mofs, Beefom-weed, 8c. 

HBeefltagft or IBttOiHfff) the firft Milk taken 
from a Cow after Calving. 

JI5e*t, a Garden Hetb, very gotd againft Stop- 
pages of the Liver and Spleen, as alfo for Loofen- 
ing the Belly, and provoking Urine. 

tKBbtte Jfttt* otherwife calTd Phirte, or PSrtee \ 
a Plant, the Rib of which being boil'd, melts, and 
eats like Marrow* 

K 3Bnte# 

Digitized by 


^raESSSlSSSS VW of r<4 
Bc^^^dug; R,w%^r Sailers. t , 

ffiCtt(f, t an Iflte'd. . 
* JftlW^oriBflPtlfi* Wooden Inftrument us'd 
by Country-Men, tor the driving of Piles, Stakes, 

to drfVp 4wrt* 'P^ftdQe* or ** <> ther Ufes ln 
fortification. . c 

Iglfrlttteg, (if- jLojd of Lords) the Chief 
Govejnouriof a Prwgce in Turl& ; who Com- 
mands the Sanjacks, fi*0a s # and other inferiour 

Officers ^ . . 

To JBegtlik, to Cotfen, or Deceive 

55rgXitne0, and 1 Onler of Religious Women, 
who withw apy Vow, 6r Obligatory Pfofeflion, 
agreed to live together in Charity and Devotion. 

JftffftHribf a wonderful Creature defcribed in the 
Book of Job, and taken by fome for the River-horfe. 

IBrtjen or JfcflMt the Root of R<ed f or White 
Valerian ; alfo a kin<} ojf Fruit. See B#*. 

IftritfOS*- (old- Wotf) Engagement, Trpmifes. 
. »f$taIWb * Fe^f 1 among the Tariff during 
which they ufe to forgive all Injuries. 

WW& (old Word) promifed. 

15pat^le, a W<k4 us'd by the Poet S fencer, 
for Friendly Salutation. 

iBrtaggetl, left behind. 

IBclOfle or Jj5d«lfce* (Fr.) a fort of Sea- Vef- j 
^ with Sails and Tackle like a Hoy, but broader \ 
. aad flatter. They are chiefly us$ to carry Mer- ] 
cb&n? (Goods, and *re feldom above 24 Tun. 
' To Wfltifj (old Word) to Wav-fey, to lay 
;#ai|for : -Among Sea- Men, To Belay, or Belage, 
itftcfMejvahy Running-Rope, when it is haled,: 
ripcgUn cannot run forth again : Thus rf^y fay,j 
kft ty fjw Sheet, or Tack* i. e. fatten it to the Ken- j 
^nel, (£?♦ 

To il&ltj), to break Wind upwards, to caft forth 
with Violence. 

t J&ttwme, a decrepit old Woman; 

Tq lEeteagltfr, «° Befiege, to lay Siege before 
a "town j a Word which now begins to be' oilt of 

|3Mf*^re8j> ficfic^ed, Opprefled, Affli&edjj 
as Beleaguered xoith Sicknefs And Want. 

^BrtyMlfte*, (Gr.) a fort of Stone of a whitifo,j 
and fpmetimes GofcLColour, fo call'd from its 
-Shjape, exaftly refembling the Point of an Arrow M 
ai alfo in Englijh, Arrow-head, Finger-ftone, andj 
Thunder-bolt. I 

H5clfrcp> that part of a Steeple where the Bells j 

i&tfS*'* ^ c Inhabitants of Belgium, or the 
Low-Countries, containing the Seventeen Pro- 
vinces of the Netherlands : Alfo the People inha- 
bitang Part of' England, now call'd Somerfet-Jhire, 
and Srih-Jhire r were anciently call'd Bclg*, in re- 
gard they came thither originally out of GalU 

\ JWfffaBJ to SEfelffttfc, belonging to the Low. 
r Cortotne*.' 

flfctt totV&M, (Lat.) a kind of precious Stone 
tbar fefcmbles an Eye. 

ffiett, (more trufy Baal) in the Cbaldee Language, 
fignifies the Sun 5 which was Worfoipped under 
that Name by the Chaldeans and Affyrians 1 Alfo a 
well kpown Mufical Instrument hung up in Church- 

$i&*$\!titet% apleafant Flow- 

er, of which there are feveral forts, and fome net 
altogether uonfefnl in Phy fick. 

1Bc(T^fta!, a fixture of Tin and Copper, pro- 
per for the Caftinfc pf Bells. 

M4»Cftr or Wffltb&tWC, a fort of Pear. ; 

Jjtgfting) a Term amfgg Hunters, who fay a 


ItoehtUeih, when ffii 'pfrl&s'^ 

and Flower of grtat f VirWe ^) 

To iBtltoto, to cry is Oien, u Gw% v %f f l 
do; the Word is alfo apply'd by Tbrefie^tOtti* 

IBcBum, (Lat.) Waf, the State rfW^, In ( i 
Law-Senfe, the old cuftomary Way'^'Wyafto 
Arms, Duel, or Combat. "' *~ "^ 

fl&tttV that Part of the &xty which iMd(& 
the Guts, Bladder, fife, It is alfo ftid of Thiiifek 
that have no Life, as the Betty of a Bottle; if ^ 
Lute, 8cc. . * 

leeB^rtttinff, a great Pain in AeBelly trf a 
Horfe ; alfo the wounding or galling of that Pift 
with the Fore-Girths, when they are either knotty, 
or crumbled, Or drawn too ftraight. 

To fljeflp or JBrfit? ttlt, to grow faf, roftrtir, to 
jut forth. 

IBeiflrtt, (Gr.) a Needle; alfo a kind 6f fifh, 
fhap'd like a Needle. 

i3tlonoi»0, (in Anat.) the Procefs, or Shoot- 
ing- forth of the Bone, call'd Aiiformis, Which is 
fixed in the Bajis of the Scull. 

HBeHtoamor, a fwaggering Fellow -, a Bully, V 
hc&oring Blade. 

IBett, a Girfi to hang a Sword by : Alfo a Dtr 
feafe in Sheep. 

IBelteDtte, (A^(. «• e. pleafant to behold) tfe 
Name of one of rhe Pope's Palaces in $ome 5 alfo 
an Herb, call'd in BngU/h, Broom. Toid-Fkx. ' 

IBd^bub or 3Baaljebtti>, (/**. i. e. the God of 

Flies) a Word us'd in Holy Scripture for the Prinefe 
of Devils. 

WttttM) (old Word) lamented, bemoaned. 

Wtmt*, fold Word; Trumpets. " * 

JBOi or IBelB, the Fruit of a Tree like the Ti- 
marisk, about the Bignefs oiT a* F^lberd, wliifcfrthe 
Perfumers bruife to get an Oil out of it, not fo 
fweet-fmelling of it fel^ but proper to receive islf 
fort of Scent, 

IBmajafc (Heh. the Lord's Building) pboi*Ms 
Son, who at Solomons Command kilTel Joab* 

IBenclj Of tjtf King or ©umt. See Kjngt^nch: 

JBfltCl^t, a Lawyer of the firft Rank in the Inns 
of Court. 

IBettf&C*. See Wales, 

UBCllD* a Word usM by Chaucer, for a Mtffflet 1 , 
Kercher, or Caul r In Heraldry, one" of the Bight 
Honourable Ordinaries, containing a fifth when 
uncharged, but when charged, a third Parij of the 
Efcutcheon: It is made by two Lines' driwn 
crofs-ways from the Dexcer Chief to the Sinifte'r 
Bale- Point : Thus 'tis faid, He bears Or, * Bend 
Sable. "■* 

The Bend is fubdivided into a 3BtlU>l% toji 9 
Garter 9 and Hibbon ; which See under thofe^ Arm- 

Wm frfotfttt, is drawn from the Swifter 
Chief Point, to the Dexter Bafe, being fuixfivlded 
into a Scrape or Scarf, and a Bdttoon, 

|gett0 ZHOtteD, is when two ftrait tines drawn 
within the Bend, run nearly parallel . to tjie out- 
ward Edges of it j as JH> bears Brmim, a Etna 9 &oi4- 
ed Gules. " ." . ^ 

To^BmD, to ftretch out, to bow oMrqpii^o 
yield or ftoop. ,—-.^>-v 

To I5e» the Cable to t|£ ^«^^i^S£# t *- 

guage) is to ftize, at mak^rit falh^ S rncT SSife ,of 

the ' 





Digitized by 



■M I 

ianjalet, (in Hera^y) a finail Bend, or Sub-di- 
vifion 01 the Bend, which takes up the Sixth Part 
of. {fae shield. 

JScnBtoiHia'forcof Herb. 

~3SenWV* a Term us'd in Heraldry, when an 

futcheon is divided Bend-ways into an qven 
piber of Partitions ; buc when they are odd, 
the Field muft be firft named, and then the Num- 
berof ibe^Bcnds. 

, ffiCtieaptD, (among Seamen) a Ship is faid To be 
Beneaped, when the Water docs nor flow high 
enough to bring her off" the Ground, out of the 
Dock, or over a Bar. 

^ ISrUCDtatiltfij an Order of Monks, Founded by 
Sr. Benedict. 

S5cnfOKU»l, (L*t.) a BlejFing, particularly that 
which b given by Parents to their Children, or by 
Biihops, or other Minifters to the People. 

3i5cnefacto:, a Doer of good Turns ; a Patron. 

ISl'tUfiCC, any Church-living, whether a Digni- 
ty, or other fort. 

i£m£ficcnce 3 the Doing of good Offices, Kind- 
nefs, Liberality. 

iScncticiai, that yields Benefit, Advantageous, 

liUenCficiarti, (among the Upmans) a fort of Sol- 
diers, who foe fome eminent Service done, had 
Lands allow'd them for Term of Life, cali'd Be- 
neficia, or Benefices ; which Word is now wholly 
apply'd to the Spiritual Livings that are enjoy'd by 
, Wmfimtyy one that has a Benefice. 

iSottfitio Ritnio CEtckfiaftico fnbotoo, a Writ 

directed from the King to the Lord ChancclJour, 
or Lord Keeper, to beftow the Benefice that fhail 
firft fall into the King's Gift, above or under fuch 
a Value, upon this, or that Parlon. 

ffintffit, Kindnei's, or Favour j Advantage, or 

IBcmfit Of tjft ClergP, a Privilege formerly pe- 
culiar to Clerks, but now common with them to 
I^v-men, when they ftand Convi&ed of certain 
Crimes, particularly of Man-flaughter,. By Virtue 
ut this Privilege, the Prifoncr is put to read a Verfe 
or two in a L^./w Book, of a Gothkk, black Cha- 
racter, commonly .cali'd a NeclcFetfe ; and if the 
Ordinary of Newgate, or his Deputy ftandiug by, 
fays Legit ui Clericus, i m e. he reads like a Clerk, 
or Scholar, he is only burnt on the Hand arid fct 
|rer, fltherwifc he fuffers Death for his 'Crime. 

IScnertl), a Service which the Tenant hereto- 
fore renacr'd to his Lord, with his Pioueh and 

©fltrtoljCnce, Good-Will, Favour : Alfo a vo- 
lun ? :>p Gratuity, or Prefent given by Subject's to 
their S Aereign. 

ffirnriiolcnt, well-willing, bearing Good-Will, 
favt't bie, friendly, affectionate, kind. 

l£rn^t»IfJ1t &\MttB, (among jftrologeri) fuch 
as arford a favourable Influence ; which ye Jupiter 

\ti&k&'& ft ^oafilkM* oi 

^^iruiien-cloth, fo cftjftf, b^-j 
light From Bengals, a Kingdom in the 


XtKtmVli {'• *. ^e Son of the Right-Hand) 
tie wwisfrpf. the Twelve Sons of $*cpB % whom 
his Mo^er J^c&ff/iif ft nam'd Benoni, i f e. a Son of 


JBfllfeWUl « J&JtJQUt, a Drug much usTd in 
Sweet-bags, and ah& Perfumes : It is xb% fciyp, 

or congeal'd juice of the Herb Lafcr wort, grow- 
ing in Afiica : <>: have it to be the 
Product of a cefiaTn Tree in the Indies, like an 
Almond-tree, tha: bears a Cod, combining only a 
Juice, which being rhicken'd, is whit we till Ben- 
j an • ■•- 

IBcntgn, ( Lat. ) courteous, good.natprd, Kind, 
favourauie, more-efpe'e tally apply 'ti to trVe Influence 
of the Srars, 

IScntp SDtftafr, is a favourable one/ that has 
no irregular, or dreadful Symproms, but fuch as 
are agreeable ro its Nature. 

liBttlianttp, Sweetnefs of Difpofition, Goodnefs, 
Kind net*, Con reefy. 

To 15cntm, (old Word) ro bereave. 

HSfltHCt, a proper Name of Men, from Bene- 
dict ; alio a kind of Herb. 

To Wiqiiml), to give or leave by lafr Will and 

\ tqufft, a Law-word for a Legacy. 

To ij&rflP. See To Bewray. 

1$£tbttiB> (Lai.) the Barberry -tree, aSbmb, 
Berries of which provoke Appetite, and ftrengthen 
the Stornach. 

ISwcarta or H&TCCria, (in ancient Writers) a 
Sheep-fold, Sheep-pen, or other Indofnre for the 
Keeping of Sheep. 

To 33:rcafcC, to deprive, or rob one of a Thing, 
to take it away from him. * •' • 

315nxft ? bereaved, or deprived of. 

JIBcrgamot, a round Pear, whofe Pu!p is fome- 
what perfumed, and of a delicious Taftc, fo call'd 
from Bergamo, a City of' ftafy, whence tfycy* 
ifirft brought over : Alfo a fort bf Perfume-. 

SBergamOtOf Gaffer, caird 9ugyb) the French, 
a Pear* that' is ripe in February and M*>^ 
lour and Bignefs/ refembling the Autump^Berga- 
moc ; but it is not fo flat towards tfte'CV. 
a little longer towards the Stalk ; ur \s 

grcenifh, with little grey Specks, chat groW VeJlpw- 
ifli in ripening. 

HfifcrgailDcr, a kind of Fowl. 

IBcrsmaVflCr, [Dutch) the Bailiff, or chief Offi- 
cer among the Derly-fhire Miners, who atfb 'per- 
forms the Du;y of a Coroner. 

ISrrgbmotti or Birgmotr, a Court teW to de- 
termine Marrers relating to Mines. 

liSCria, (in old Latfy Records) a Mar, wide 
Plain, or Heaih : Whence fevcral large Meadows, 
and open Grounds are ft ill cali'd Boies *n& Bert- 
fields, beGdes the Terminations or Endings of the 
Names of fevcraj Places fituated in an open Cham- 
pion Country, as Cornberie, Mixbnie. 

lEfflU, (Pr, in Fortif.) a little Space of Ground, 
three,' four, or five Foot ! wide, left at the Foot of 
the Ramparr next to the Field, to receive the Earth 
that rolls down from thence, 'and to prevent it 
from falling into the Moat, or Dirch : It is other- 
wife cali'd Fore-land, F{elais t fotraite % and fit>% 

HBern, (i.e. a Bear) one, of the four Protectant 

all tHe Thirteen, wiph ics ctkf:Cjty^;o¥tEe : ftiXc 

Name. .. * '*' *' i ^ m// J 

don, and afterwards c $&:$}-^% 

)BcrriartttnC05 certaiL . 
Order of one ^er^afd^ a£?frprdaji MonJc.- 
Pfflfc (in ^nqieij.; J^/^. 1 - \-yxi, open 

Digitized byCjOOQlC^ 


i wh Ip^jbiluM 

Wfs *"**• ; 

ftei of it. In Aftrdf 

fofc a^hnqt^^a rqsv tt&Ae :W : U •lftgm- 
tain'Aittd&i wt>&*ft^*fi,*te Bern* of Bay, 

•rttttjjfltc^r tatfofcHerfes ; * Word us d m 
Ac OflrcJ^oUs «£ the Mtoft? of Cbaeen in *wi*r- 

„ flMft^^^ito&MH*);* Limit, Bounds 
or Cojnpafs* 

*ftfa*t, tdrfboot;, *t Jff/9" m F*r/fc i»** «* 
*w **■<*/. Chart*:d£M^Gqqa. Ceftr. M. 12 18. 
f. e. To^btat or £hO<K fy ray Ffwft^vi* Three 
Arrowy •* • ,/ ..Jc," -jlciror - ;~ -J« .&&*'* * 

tfttftOiP, a Rocker. «f -young CJuWpep in a 
^ StfftUttf, * Hound* or HuntingfBog^ * . 

Vftti) or tfttti)* (amfcng Mariners) convenient 
Sea*Ra*m for a.S^jfoat rid<8;« £flcfcor. See 
Birth* f.- ,' • ■ : »: uiM v. .v : , w;. ,, 

ttttfe a pebper Matfe of X<»c Wojmu* figni- 
fying? in ttaj/^«*!*<ToJ>gu* f . bright, or Amous. 

**t$Ulfct* hr fcfctfoftcfc, a Uw in ScotUnJ, 
whf rehy a Man is not to be „hang*d for dealing a 
Sh^p^of 9* ranch ?M&t#*.fc< can $|fry r u^on his 
fiaatainoa^acK| taton^Jfcoqrgea. r 

Iftntafc *. gtek HaitoTft calTd j^A^<w-yfcitt% 
See Baton. .^, -^ , 

0mStan^^XmJhts 4f ^W taj*rmers. :: 
* ftflftBOT* a proptf ^§f»f 0/ fj^Mfn i *J& 
10 Herfejo^wife^l^ 

the Ship's Sides. w . .„ 

" ■eWBW$rt?Wi)rc! often fonnd in DoortiWay 
JUm* Juki ^gmtying a Village. 

jBfrfjta&f (6r.) a precious Stone of a fame 
Green Colour, like the Water of the Sea. 

B^^lMfe- (£*'-) *« Weight of Eight 
OtfpDe% amang : the ancient J<?i»f iw f being^w© 
thirtf Bbitt of .Ac A or Pound. Jn ^u^La^ea- 
lure, A/ is alfo the Eighth Part of an Acre divided 
ins* fttdve' equal Portions*. VYi V j— ' • ';•' 

fWWteft a Writ that lies for ^f^^v/httt 1t 
hi* < Great, Utajod-F*jher (call'd Bif^ejdiu French') ) 
ifitglfri&ffcd, of any If*94s or T^npioents in pee 
Skapfcva. Stnrogec ftbapjs. $r enters ugoa the Prer, 
»ifes, to keep out the laid Heir. , 

JBCfattorJDpjBWtB^Avery aiuaentfipld Coin; 
facaS^iifccifafettimi^at Btfawium o^ConftsmL 
nefle :?&m the -Value of it is unknown, and was 
cpn& ftrgqc-evea Ma the Time of K. £4w*rd HI. 

In heraldry, iBefaUtfi are taken for the Figure 
of certairf Plates of* Gold, containing 104 Pounds 
and: 2 Ounces. lit)y- Weight, each worth 3750 
Pounds Stirling : They were made round and 
finotoh vtid&ut the jfcepftfentatioo of any Figure 
ori them ; tod in; Coats of Arms are always ex- 
twisU Or t pr of tb<5 ©oW-Colour. 

JRftfc fin oldi^wi Records) a Spade, or Sho- 
''iiiivmM^dtteJi fi^4 Tfme, i. e. a Piece of 

% W&vhcn .plaC^bbWW^^I^^sOl^ 

31 ;£f? 


Land turadit^ w|ffi ajSpade* 

r.m ffijr, of «t«tw hnmWy* 
^ejeftan 9 aBurfe< 

orJPCjnwrn, a Burie or Exc}ian|ge for 
Merchant, among the T&rfyznd BerJUns. 
. To 5|B«ftrrt0, Told Woci) to curie, or ufe laipre- 
• cMWif t iWhence dbeJExprcflion ftill in Xjk, Be- 
/hrewjmt~0em+ t.n ijlxuck attend ye. 
^fMMK **roi**akii^Pcar l about the Big- 
naff pi a^Tennu-Jlafly) ^it yellowifti .and whitifti 
CA«n l^lirylxfagfckindtfefeQt Jftai^fiB? in 
OShbet and November. ; :c .U^j oj b] n ^ t * t: ,u^ 

To JBOTgl^ld Ity Siege to, 6r to iurroond a 
iPAm with Military Forces, in order to be Ma- 

de ame or dander. a! >. 

S5(fl9ti, (Fr.) a Law-word. figMJ*W<tl] kJWtffir 

VB0al t (L*t.) belongina ijS h a"BAt{<1*ilBt t 3* '! 
brfitifh. - n ^ * eUiIvrBflSr 

aBtfttal J&fgns of tl^zotttari&^^te^rinw.. ^ 

r«/ ( Leo, Sagittarius, and C*fr$4in*u^rd^Bt^pi 
Apologtrt, upon Account of•th*iF• ( Pik*«! I , rl tt^4JB^ , * 
Ccricftial Globe, representing fettrtbtted m6&il& 
To ]BcS0to, 10 give, to lay out * ■--' »E0?5Ci' 
To IBift, to lay Wagers wben : Qtotf ft ert Vattt :■ ■> 
playing, in Favour of one Sideagsrinft tp*6tfet*.3^' -;- 

ma, thefecood tetter of tnc Gf^'fityMmV 
Alfo an uniarotity Herb caB*d- B^ibtcfc^ot i 
which drawn op the Noftrils, difcWtgtfffeftpbair 
tick Humours from the Brain, attTtSfcffebftinaW' ^ 
Head- Aches. ;nMw f • i ..,,.,, 

HBm, (old "Word) Boot, or H«ft" OJ ! ^^ ,- 
To JWtt, (old Vord) to Bid, oi cdmUaBd -V • 

J&tjitcm or ffictljft^nt, ^ftW the mux*4 

B^-ead) a City of Judab; famous for -the K«ttf >r 
King David, and of our. BUrted Saviour, a t. ;. 

I SSfOT^ofpfcal, anored'MflPtafM^CN^ 
of laaiw, where abbut forty ,'fifty,' t^tiyty LWla+ 
ticks, or diftrafted Perfons are 1 dsmmobl^ '-'(MAi- : if» 

1 1© or ^r, a kind of lS»*4»«a«t, calltt 

yater-Pepper.'- ," '' • ;:; ';"" ,*- ' :~ Vi- ■>- 

1 ^ettttica, the Herb tttm, oP good ufe inPby 

^4fck, efpecially againft Difeafes of the Heid«Kt ■>* 

Breaft. ''' ,l " - Y - '■"■•■ ?Wv2 

ffiftraffCll, fold Word) decetVeiT. s ' 

To IBftWP, to be falfe to, to deliver uf >t«tfche* v 
roufly ; to dilclole, ordifcover". '*' ' n ' "• • A 

ilBcttCint, ToldWord) fprin^eK ^-r.Cvr&TM 
1 lo jpeujjtf. it»wciy 10 give one Patty to «no2'- 
»ier, jby a Solpmp Matrimonii! ContraO: j tooMke 
■ire, or promife in Marriage'.' r • " " ' ■■'. > J j.i 
? 13fttfC, an Inurnment made ufe of by Tbieivav : 
<o break open a Door*. v •: ,,i ,"'-* f --' i?<u' 

jU&tUla, Y^>.) the BlreViite*,' the'iLeaWI'aif 
bvjuch being of a deaniing arid opening Q#HWf, 
kreof great Ofe in the Dropfle.f f *- ' 'o £B''3J 
; J5tW, an Inftrument wiUlcnbwla'to'BiiHets;' 
as Carpenters, Mafons, Brick-fayets, ^ft«ll* «s*d 
afor the Adinftiug of Angles. J^ » ^"' ': 

' jBefKr/a fmitl CoUatioh betwi^buM^lMl 
Simper j alfo the Vifor, or Si^Jt of S Head M& ii 

Hictwagr, (FV.) a fort of migglerf^nijd)^ 

To §«p JBttwajf, to lay out Sfoi^y for &ridk? 
to treat one's Friends or Ctampaniottt.'topbi-ifti'lMfc 
Wearing of a new Suit of Ooafos, Wu'WW !»■'- 

IBettlT, a Term in Heraldry, flgtiffymg !«*«* 
or open like a Bevel, or Carpenter's' Rflo#'lswf« 
tears A<%mt, 4 Chief BeviU vert. * J cims^/ 

IBebP Of KW'ftOCfW, a Term us*d by 9pfd^ 
for a Herd or Company of thbfe B«i*r^lA|riBhg 
Falconers and Fowlers, a Bevy cf h tsm',vi+* 
Brood or Pfock of young Quails; Wh«eerltl» 
Word is Figuratively taken for a KtiVBRfifea- . 
pany of Perfons j as A SmM L4dhr>W^t; 

Ife the Fat of a R^Htab*^"^ 
that 'has a-\vady>3s?wi*'^i^ 

7 mmnekkm 

*itti Ordure j to diftorer, or 


Digitized by 





Igjtoartb^ld, Word) revenged. 7jA ^ , 

35dK£m, (Qia Word) declared , . ,; 

Bejaliel* -iBeb. the£|prfp* ot Go^ a famous 

inlpired Arrift, among 'the Ancient jews, who 

was one ofrtheChitf iyfotknaen about the Taber- 


t»f«** See fir/up. 

VffatttlCt, the fecond Branch or a Stags Horn, 
next aooye the Mrw.Antler. 

Wl&XJLttty a kind of Tree growing in Mala- 
bar, -iA tt he, £4/?- Indies. 

fi$*|el $£ SScjil, she upper Part of the Collet of 
a King, .whicii uitens and encompaffes the Stone. 

totitftm See Befeftein. 

5BCJ0ET or HSrjeat'&ttmr, a precious Stone of 
gicafefiVifyftftffftcnftPo^on and the Plague, bred 
u* tbe.$f£R9ach of a Creature like a wild Goat. 

i6rj$at^tmalr 3 the Livers and Hearts of Vi- 
per^ Ofjd i n the Sun, and powder'd. 

iSfJQar^tneralf! a Chymical Preparation of 
Bw^jf^of Antimony fixed by Spirit of Nitre, and 
redue'd to a white Powder ; which is enduM with 
a Quality to procure Sweat, and calTd Bc^ardi- 
cum Miner*!* by Mr. Boyle. 

Btioarmrfc or if&cjoartUfe KcmcDice, Cordial 

Medicines, ot Anudoics agamft Poifon or infecti- 
ous Difeafes. 

HB£J0aruiCiim|iOtliaIr, a Medicine made by melt- 
ing -iforee Ounces of Hfgulus of Antimony, with 
two Ounces of Block-Tin j which being rjowder'd, 
is mix'd with fix Ounces of Sublimate Corrofive, 
and then diftiU'd off in a kind of Butter : After- 
wards the Butter is difTolv'd in Spirit of Nitre, and 
the Solution diftilTd three feveral Times, nil the 
Bezoar remain at the Bottom. 

ffitjoartitum JLlilialt, is made by mingling 
Eight Ounces of re&ifv'd Butter of Antimony, 
who jM;P».nce of fine Silver, and diflblving the 
Mafs in Spirit of Nitre. 

IKejoaroicum sparrialr, is a Solution of Crecus 

AUrtis 9J m*dt by Reverberation in Butter of An- 
timony, and then Spirit of Nitre is pour'd on it, 
and the Arcift proceeds as in other Bezoarcick Pre- 

To 13cj$u? 5 to guzzle, tipple, or drink hard, - 
JBtaiaWPl> (old Wordj fair welcoming. 
KtaS, (Fr.) Inclination, Bent, or Ply. 
16ia0 Ot a ISofol, that Place where it inclines 
Offe-one $i4 e snore than another in running. 

hf& lfiiW ; to lee a Bias upon - t to incline one, to 
pfepolTefs him. 

IfiftfaCCOt, (Fr. in Cookfry) minced Meat made of 
the Breafts of Partridges and fat Pullets. 

IBibtO, (Lat.) the Wine-fly, an Infed that breeds 
iriv^K Dregs of Wine. 

JBlbitOJp j^uWc, fin Anat.) the Mufcle that 
draws down the Eye towards the Cup, when one 
drioks. ■ See AdduBor Qculi. 

mW> the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New 
Teftamenr. fo calTd by way of Excellency, from 
the Greek Word Bibles, fignifying a Book. 

Kitttiopola, (Gr.) a Book-feller, or Stationer. 
). ISib^IOt^ca, a Library, a Place where Books 
axe kfflfr, a Study $ alfo the Books themfclves. 
, 30irajl£> the Verjuice-Grape, a kind of wiidGrape. 
Biff, a fort of Stuff us'd by Painters, to make 
Blew and Green Colours. 

15l££P0,/in Anas.) a Mufcle of the Cubitus or 
Bibpw, io call'd becaufc ic has two Heads or Be- 
ginnings j the firft or outmoit arifing from the up- 
per Part. of the Brink .of the Acetabulum Scapula*, 
and theJaxeeT attheEnd of ;he Pfocejfys Coracoides 
ScapuU : Afterwards both being joind '.' together 
make a large flefhv Jelly, and are^ipferted to the 
Tubercle, or Knob, at the upper Had of the 
Bone calft '*diu*. 7G u . fc|I ,' ' , 

X5icrps or istcrps jremmt*, a Mrfefe of the . 

Xeg v having Ii ice wife- two Heads, the upper ami 
longeft of wrnch rakes Rift^lrom a Knc4)ili: the 
Os Sfchium f as the other doe* from the Linea Aftt 
ra of rhe Os femoris, immediately below the Mad 
of the Gluteus Maximus. Thefe Heads being thtis 
united, march on co the outward Appendix of the 
Thigh-bone, and are implanted to rhe upper Ep- 
phfu of the Fibula, 

15trbfrtttff, tilting, or skirtnitrung j wrangling, 
quarrel, dilpute. 

HBi£C11giU03 (Lai) a Meafure containing twelve 
Sectaries, or about fix Engli/h Quarts. 

13tro:po:al ^rgilB, (in AftroL) are thofe Signs 
of the ^odiacl^ that arc double- bodied, or repre- 
fent two Bodies, as Gemini, Pifcet, and Stgita- 

To JBit) a fflfeOtt, (old Word) to make a Re- 

liSlO ale or VBtD'all, a Bidding or Inviting or 
Friends to drink ,at a poor Mans Houfc, togaia 
their charirable Affiftance : This Cuftora » ftiii 
us'd in the Weftern Parts of England, and elfe- 
where, being otherwife call'd Help-ate undClcr ki- 

BtDDtng Of tty IBeaM, * Charge or Warning 
that PariUi-Priefts formerly gave their Parifhioncrs, 
at certain Times, to fay particular Prayers, or do 
other Acts of Devotion, in behalf ot lame deceaf- 
ed Friend's Soul. 

HBtuflU*, (Lat.) a yoiirig Sheep having two TJeedy 
a Tag or Hogrel of the fecond Year. nain*i8£ 

tttenrtal, that is of two Years continuances 

©tcr or &ttt } a wooden Frame to carry a deo^t 
Body upon. ' z^'niel 3C> 

•tfommr, {*-**-) B^ 1 °f Twa^hfcfwBi 

Herb growing in boggy Ground, with two Leaves 
one a gain ft another: It cures Wounds old and 
new, and is good to knit Ruptures or broken Bel* 
lies." "i % "O i)*y<* : 

StfoitlteD, double.fliaped, having two Shapot 

H5igA 5 (Lat.) a Cart or Chariot drawn by coup* 
led Huries : In our old Records, a Cart with rwp 
Wheels. ■* ,r 

1&iquntP 7 {Gr.) a double Marriage ; the having 
of two Wives at once, or the marrying of two 
Wives fucceffively after each other's Death. la 
the Common Law, an Impediment chat hinders a 
Man from being a Clerk, by realon he has been 
twice marry'd. 

IBigarrfloT, (Fr.) a kind of great Orange. 

•tffflt, a i\oman Coin ftamp'd with the Figure 
of a Chariot drawn by two Horfes a-brcaft : It 
was equal in Value to the Denarius* ot 7 1 d. En- 
glijh Money. 

UBtgrje, a Country-word for a Pap, or Teat. 

J&tggrtt, a kind of Coif, or Linnen»Cap for a 
young Child. 

•igfjt or Witty (Sea-Term) any Turn or Pan 
of a Cable, or Rope that lies compafling ; as To 
hold by the Bight, #. e 9 to bold by that Part of the 
Rope which is coiled or rolled dp. 

iBtgOt, (Fr.) a fuperftirious Perlpn, one whole 
Devotion is over-ftramed j an Hypocrite. 

•fgotffm or *lgottP 5 Superftirion, Hypocri- 

•(gotten, grown a Bigot. 

«tl)0U8C. See Biovac. 

T&tfWy {FrJ a Juice or Kofin that runs in Sum- 
mer-time from the Pine, Fir, and Larch-Tree. 

Vilanttfe DtftrcnDi8 ? a Writ directed » a Cbr: 
poration, for the carrying of Weights to a parri- 
cular Haven, there to weigh the Woel th^t fuch a 
Man is licenfed to tranfport. -1 ?r.*i wt-'-jj 

*tlanuet. See Bcldndn and atymttrimitt . 

Digitized by 





'.-fabfebhie Jfr»ftjtf;^fnM01 creeping Bulh of Afe 
:bigjtfrf$!o£ frmp&tofv** .b*« of a Purple ColowtL 
^aprf fwtttULflS** T#ite* They bind the Betty, and 
f^Vft^iw»J* *»4 Ufchirtg*. 

BilbOtt* a fore of Punifhment at Sea, when 
an Offender ir-fe^dicin Irons, or fet in a kind of 

Sccicfkf. ) • ./'.«" 

IBilQgeor iSlHagt, a. Sea- word for the Bottom 
of ^Ship's Floor. .[ 

WiiStmAuU^ drbatf Water wfcich by reafon-of 
t^.Jtawrtth of. xM JMdge, ca^nqrefme to the 
Well in the Ships H$l&. > * * 

ffitlgtB or myl0O> (among $ea*weo>-a Ship fa B>7gpi, wh*n (he has ftmck off fome 
^'♦cri'^fnbwiflP *i &<**» or An?bor f apd fprings 
.#J^ak % - 

JBile. See B//// and Bw7. ._ .^ 

l *3Sw u tfc,W'vi J ** c ca"ft-ipca'fc two Langua-; 
gqs^alwdcwbjcr^ihgwed, decekfiiL In a Law- : 
fynfe, it is taken for a Jury that paflts between an' 
EngliJh'Man and a : Foreigner, of which part are 
ty«[xesr of £*£(*nfcj*9A PW Strangers. f 

MllWS, Wltf M$% or Choier, Chofenck. 
- $IWWA*fc) ^ W^.Gall, or Cboler ;' an Hu- 
^ar^rflyS^^iWQUS and partly &Uwe, which 
jis feparated from <ne BJood of Animals in the Li- 
Mfcjo* v jfrc , receiv.ipg.'*n4 discharging of which, 
mm r arc chiefa, rj*« VefeU ©r/Paff^ges, */;{. the 
Fetliculuj Fellu, or tlalt bladder, a*Jd } *c fortvjpi* 

black Cfioler, »r Mfcftflcbply. . , . . 
jjlWW *«*&* E^«f :«■ dpecive 4^|q jr^4; or 

3SE"^a E^Tool, tis'd'by jWus^driien, ro 
log Trees, jf$% if fhort, 'tis ,calfd a Hand-bill f 2" 
^oWb^Hedging-bill. ' ^; 

WA or iPJOttftl ftt,3Utifc.-i Decoration m 
Writing* that cxprefles the Grievance ox Wnmg 
tta M Bai9tiff has (uffer 4 d w % the Defendant," or 
elfe fome Fault the Party 'cttrfplaitt'd of has com- 
mitted' againft fome. Law .or Sututfc df^be 

< jBtft fltWf^ is the.fame with a fytad or Wn- 
9^^f^y^ N* wj^n drawn lip in £*^///fc, 
^j^qpmmoniy calj'd a.BiR, ana in Latin an Obli* 
giiion. Or a Bill is a fittgle Bond, without any 
CoodUi^nafifiexfiij, wferfj* * n Qb&ation j> a 
ft^c^c^a^aity j^d Cobdiuon. - : -; '-• 
X&fl ff WWJCfc Sec Dsvorde. > 

-'•W*^^ Goods 

cn?«i:y a* iM*!$faWotfc> both inward and out- 
wa&d, Juj^ic^ is fOT«ff'd.*he Merchant porting 
gr importing ,the Qpanjut^ and $orts, ahd whether 
tranrfK>«e4; or from whence. " '* ~ s ~-J- ' 

IViymeitt^.a^uinm otWlbWcl m one Place. mo 
*m#W **% Renter, in'Ponfide: 
uatijia^Mfie nke,y/4i|^^aid tfce Drawe^ 19 ahother 

Receipt 1 ©f th^ 

1#) , tKe 3|Kl is p&lf'ip die 
,. fpcOnd. .fent itujie !Fodor, 

Merchant's Cqpds, ao.< 
liver the fame in good ' 




Seller to the Buyer. 
gttPftllKctHtKrt Stc Reviver, 

tm, i t particular t Account of the 

1 cffiift^^tfeiBtocftwp!?^ S^^g^im. 

IBtllflf ^3l0, is when a-Perion wflntiite 4 Summ 
-of Mpn^j) ^ uvcrs Goods asi Neurit y to tb^TLoh- 
:def| and alfo gives the faid Lender a Bill, inwww- 
efing Wm to fell the Goods for his own Ute, in 
cafe the $QOHn iwrruwcw,i^aH«jeg^^yf||lrinte»- 
reft af the Time agreed upopf ig ^ trtir t^- 

*ttt ftmWi ^Lkknfy mwfckztth* Cu- 
ftomrHoufe, & AAec^bv^ t^ v €a»y- %b Stones 
and Protifions Cuftom-free, as are aedwlary for 
their Voyage. ^ rT ^ 

Bill OT SmfferaiOT, & Lioenft? H^ wife granted 
at the Cuftom-Houle to a Merchant^ foifcrmg him 
to Trade from one Englifh Pbrt 10 another, with- 
out paying Cuftom. 

, Mftfta ®eca f (La*. >\ #. a true BiH^ a Term of 
(Art in the Common-Law, which fignifks the In- 
^dorfing, or Writing on t\& Badcr/ide-of M ftaefe«. 
ment by the Grand Jury, when they find the Matter; 
probably true, and wort&y o£ farther Coopera- 
tion. .,» ., , 

ISittagf , (among Sea-men) the brea^tl of a Ship V 
Floor when- flie Iter a-grouncj, See BW^e. 
. Biltert, a'd iixfom?' Places for an im- 
perfed, or baftard Capon. 

Billet, a Stick or Lag of W<*4 cut fcr F«eJ ; 

alfo a Letter or Note folded ,up& or a Ticket for 

the Quartering of Soldiers : In.Werafcfry^ii i^ ? a 

Common Bearing j 3s -*1*»S fc&Ve 4 Cr^/5 engrmt- 

ed. Gules, where 1 the BiMs ttre fu^"edr^ be •» 

over the Field ; but fo^ietimei there sure not above 

fix. (Sc. aod chexi tfcey are fiumbrecL* > ^ r f 

, Brtltt4»iV, (Fr.) 4 ftiort X^ve-Terter. - ' 

j BtfittorBOtot, an Ingot, or Wed^of MetriL % 

:efpeciaiiv God. . •: 

; jTo M^^OlWetfc^ w Quarter thc«M in federal 

sHoufes, by wiy. of BKlet^r Ticket i 

25i8farftEb a fon» of • Game 4 p}ay;dr wit* twof 
Sticks, an Ivory Ball, Por^ftf^n a long, • ftpiare 
Table^ eover'd withrgreeitiulotbi ** «• 

BtflttUIB, (among tfutticrs) tfee Ojtfqre, or Dunt 
of a Fox. ..* -' t v 

HJlflOto, a $^rge of the Sea; a great rolling 
Wav f* , .. ? .-..-,,. 

Btn9, ^ Cotinrry-word for.^ Stalkr of Tiops. 

BinD 01 d^lSj aQ^criry canfifting of ijro^br 
40 Strikes, eacb 15 Eds* • \ , 

Bmb#ap«. 'Sec 'mart* ' 

Bttlt^SKfrD, a Plant that beats a *lew Flower; 
and of which there are two forts, the greater knd 
thelefe t ./m > ., 

BWAlff, (m ftkottiy) fignjiSef Xdtfa ot wSen 
a Hawk leizes. * -r ^ 

IBilW, a fort of C^board «|jM l iie.«!ock 
up Bread .and other Provifions * Vfread-bastet ^ 
Alfo a Place boarded "up to pattern ki. 

JBftWartiim, (in old Uttn Records) a 8teWsor 
^ p 2«Ii^i be ^^8 suid k ^P?"g of Fifh. 
^W^^lf ^ d of ^ptrkk Tckfifa ox 
dduWe^PtofpedbGlafs, with two Tube? or Con- 
veyances, and twp ttqles to fee a diftant .Qbjeta 
with both Eyes together. *r: : ^ 

1W»ui|!W a C^O i Term in At#frfrirAhhmmi> 
dl£ti**titi, or Upor, i; e. a w Qfinn% or Raor tfttt 
confifts Of two Names or Parts joyn'd together by 
the Sigii + ai a + b, or 3 + x. 

v * ,*..dnal$, pjimetrfady \ iai. wmen- » c 
nic^d to ^jCfeiia ia tfe/MM& ]$k*£lm*eVt 

an extraordmary Guard prefab* iW (fce whole 


"^n tile 

Digitized by 





^frCtfikcrfttti by the Arch-Brflwp of the Province 
co exccate ftch Power, Jurifd^ion, and Anthori-' 

an^;J nwj Pi-i ot ,-j, ■ r 4 .;. nr*fc**^«* are no f ttc h ■ Suflragaa . JKf 

-32nj ^ffiBj ^K) divkktf irttt» two F*rft. 

iBipaTttrat^ that dif ides into*wfc Parrs : In ,*r*#^ 

%ikft$ # ftaffifett fcrhfeh divider mother equally 

e l£ta twd Partfc^ without a Remainder, » faid To tf* 

** Wipammty 4vkfc RefpeA to that Number, a4 

2 to 4 r f to 6, 4 to 8, $c. 
D M WfWtietfiltv tfe A(ft of dividing a Thing into 

- d3i J5ft«ie88, QLat.) the Herb Pimpernel, of Bur- 
io yBkfan$18tt 9 (/. c double Quadrate orScjUare) 
-flSc fourth Pdwer in Arithmetic/^ and Algebra, which; 
* MHte^rbm the Multiplication ot a Square Number 
"i# : <5taantity by it felf ; fo 4 the Square of 2 being' 
-feWhlpty'd by it felf produces the fltquadrate 16. : 
See Cube-fauare. 

• '! ^K^tWWttri (to 4f?r*>i.) one of the New Afpeds 
invented by Kjifb** and (o call'-d, becaufe it con- 
lifts of two fifthlParts of the whole Circle, vi^ 144 


WbbKfy} * TWe more-efpecially peculiar u>Gr*at-\ 
Britain. See Bctula. 
- Wtti&QPty aft Herb of a dry binding Quality, 
smd 6i Angular Virtue againft the Palfey. 
'• s 10teM*Jf«* an Herb proper for Wounds, and 
=tadrfc-c{£cttfrily good againft Ruptures, 

JBfctt^jBdk a bitter Herb* diftaftefal co the 
Palate, and of Kttle or no Ufe in Phyffck. 
^#to^lEiOJJttr, anHerfc,othafwi«calPdStkch- 

- l&tfttiff, (I*f.) a Ship or GaBey that la* two 
Ranges of Oars, or two Oar* 1 in a Sfear. 

^Ugmttei S a kind of wHd Goofe. 
3 JWrttfc> (old Word) a Coif, or Hood. * « 1 

HBtrretUS, (in old L4*/« Writers) the Cap Or 
Cdtf of * Judge, or Serjeant at Law. 

guttj a Fifh of the Turbot-kind. 
• IBfrty, a being born, Extra&ion, Defcent. In 
Sea-Language, the obferving of a fit Diftance for 
Ships, either at Anchor, or tinder Sail, tofce^ t 
dear," fo as not X6 be in Danger of falling foui^Sne 
upon another : Alfo a convenient Place to/tfqor a 
Ship in. Alfo the proper Place a-boardl(5r a Mefs 
dtfftit'thttr Chef!*, ($c. is cill'd The 0tb of that 

mfs: -•*•' / * 

Btrtfc'tDO:t, an Herb. See Ariftjblochia. 

^tftjjttfjfr * Term u$'d at Seajfwheri the Ship's 
Sides are rais'd, or brought up. 

lfctftato'teOime, a Place nea/St. Buricris in Corn- 
w^/ Where Nineteen Stones j[ rc fet in a Circle, as 
it is fuppofed, ih Memory off tome Vi&ory, or for 
Funeral Monuments, 

JBlfCOtftl, (Fr.) a fort/of Confedion made of 
«ne flower, the White/ of Eggs, Powder-Sugar, 
TOarmafer, f$c. 

Tfe 25ifftf* f£a*. ii&Geom.') to cut or divide any 
Thing, as a Line, Anfci e Arcb.C^c into two equal 

Teding or Dividing of a Quan- 
ianner ; the fame as Bipsrtitson 

't*# rfrWfuch a 
in Arithmetic!^ 

Btfrt, C^^ 

Pigeon. n\>j 

of the Parts fo cut, or divided, 
kind of Stock- Dove, or Wood- 

With*?, * ' 

the Charee of 

Word Bijbep, 

iityf'XJfficer in the Chtircb^ who has 
Diocefs, fo call'd from the Saxon 
ind l %hzi frotA : tiit Greek £p*ft*fos, 
ie ter,ib^OhferVei». r 

^uffragatt tetft^or »flrt»«MWP, one tfcfe 
has the Nanrj[ eT f itte and Styteuf a Bi&op, and 


prefairthere . 

IRftOlW^UatJeg, a fort of Herb. - •" .1 v 
)Kftop^tOP^ a Plant, otBcrwi^ caM'd 5& C^ 
thcrincs Flower. . j r,rlj \ *\ : . ; 

JBfefe or UBifqiiri ^r.) odds 4t^lT<«ifi^ky f a 
Stroke aMow'd as gain'* tdAe '^ftfltA-^fliyer, to 
cquaJi^e borfc PkMM^Itf CH^.'tf *i«l>6frieh 
Pottage, teadcf <rf Qujlila; Capons/ fiif ftflfefe, aild 
efpeciatty of Pigeons roa*rt^-i^^ - 

ilBtrmarr, (old Word) OiMMftfl .•!-.■-:. 
3B<0lWt| or JKilMBffir^ a fori of ^ripeffed 
Metal, us § d by Pewterer*, t6 Mike -rhtir Work 
more beautiful, and make the Merit ring the tet- 
ter. See Tin-GlMp. • '■ i • : l 

JIBiftm, (Gr.) a kind of #iW0*,'^at-efd, and 
broad-fae'd, commonly d*lFd a Buff, br Btigfcv 

!HBifl)l 3 (in ancient L*mWtii!er*) tlk- Hind.-a 
Beatt of the Foreft. ■: »- . ^ /-:. 

To»fl»ft # See To kifdtfi - - -*i ' 
IBtflfcjrttte, Leap-Yea^, ^ cdl'*, i>ecaufe attong 
the Ancient Upmans, tlie Sbrth of the blends of 
March, or the 14th Day of February was twict 
counted, which Happens every Fourth Year : Buc 
now the odd Day is uflialiy addfed to the laft of 
February, having coriitnonly but^lg Days ; Which 
Addition &*$ mad*, tha* rne Year may *qu*l the 
C6urfe of the«m. r ' •' — ;:.:... 

WfiBOit or fbrntefattfy an He* with a Mtd£ 
(hort, nobbed Root, wreathed or ^ivilftd t^rhcr^ 
effedhial agaiiift Bleeding, or SpirShg at Bloody as 
alfo againft all manner of Venom: Wis oth*f*ift 
tall'd 4dd#rs-wort, Englijb Serf entity, Oi>fcr#Uj/*nd 

Btftra or $aniSttffi(l0, (in ancient Latin Deed*) 
Krnwn Bread, a fctfown Loaf. ' • i 

HBtttacIe^-fSfi-Term) a Timber-F/atrw <in ; &e 
.' of a Ship, juft before the Steers-man, 
MKfefe the Compafe is platVf, t6 keep ihe* Skip in 
ner ^oune. 

JBtttrir, iny Torn of a Cable *fo6ut the Timberi 
call'd Bins, that Co it may be Vter*d, or let out 
by iittl* and little; and when a Ship is thus ftopp'd 
by a Cable, flie is faid, To-be brwght uf U a bit- 

«ft«r*tt& Of « €&Wt, ttet Pirt which is 
wound about the Bi>* j, when the Ship lies at An* 
chor. . .' 

mtttt&Btn or IKOODP i^g^ftaW, a Plant 
that grows in Hedges, with biewitfc Flowers, which) 
afterwards turn into red Berries : It is alfo caii'd 
Mortal and Felon-wort. 

Ktttcrn or IBfttWr, a kind of Hern, a Bird that 
keeps about Lakes and Fens ; making a hideous] 

)Bfitt0, (See-Term) wo main Pieces of Timber; 
which ftand Pillar-wife, behind the danger, ill 
the Loof of the Ship, and ferve to belay, or fafte^ 
the Cable, when (he Tides at Anchor. There arc 
alfo F*rc*tt>p-fail Sheet Mitts, co fiiftew thi-lW.fcy- 
fail Sheets, and Fore-jear Bstts that make ft ft the 
Fore-fear. * - i '■ J i- } - 

Kttumm, {L*t.) a fort of aime, { c!acnttiy likd 
Pitchy and imelling foiAewhtft like Brimftone: It 
was us*d by the Anciehti for Mortar, *nd ihftead of! 
Oil in Lamps. 

15fttmtm3(uwirirm. Se&Afphaitoi) :> 

IBittJtttinOUft, belonging to, or panaking of thi 
Nature of Bitumen. - 1: 

WtoriWr. fee DigajtrMi. { x - ' 

Digitized by 


— — — W»W1P^— ■ ■ II Bill 

th# has-two Bellies $ as «4 Bimcnw*i 

B L 


t kip4 rf Herb. 
_Jh a well known Bitil, better to be ea- 

, VJMh*5 kf f t, beiog «W*k (FWr *> *he Palate, 
when dead, and well roafted, than tq the Ear, 
when living. <j *.; ; 1 .•- c: r 

., 3$«|M^ a certain Jfrok kept in die Exche- 

o fft^Wm'; * iHPk <* Wr « fmall Piegs of 

l^lfeWpr Afeftty : Mfo Wflpey, Corn, Cattle, or 
^U^iCgpfidcratto^ given by poor People in 

^fte $M|«r» JfaW of England^ 10 the wqft power- 
ful Perfons thereabq^ for a Prote&ioo againft 
Thieves and Robbers. *. , 
r 3|51«frt»00? JfOVft* I^J^l><N4*ttSi7twr. 

7 J&tatkeoD, tbe Ufher begging tb the Order of 
the Garter, to calTd from ihc black Rod, with a 
gilt'Lion on the Top, which he bears in hisHand : 
He alfo auends on the King's Chamber, and the 
Lord? Hpufe in Parliamept ; and ill Noble-men 
called in Qpeftipn for any Crime, are firft commit- 
ted to his Charge. 
IBlatlUtaiL, a kind of Fifo. 

ftaCfettHTj, afprtof tfcrtv 
UUtiug, (in old Latin Records) a Corn- 
Chandler, or Meal- Monger. 

JtSaWJCr, a skinny Subftance which ferves to re- 
feiv« the Urine of Living-Creatures, to keep it, 
*ad to difchargc it from Time to Time. 

JlpteMer^llt, a Plant that; bears Leaves like 
Eldcr-FloWers, and after them graentfh Bladders, 
containing one fundi Nut;' thit fepd* forth Sockers, 
by which- it is increased. 

H?&$m % (among HotbaUfts) the firft Sprout of a 
Plant that comes out of the Ground, and retains 
*s Name* a* long as it is eafie to be cropped ; as 
io Corn, Grafs, Onions, Leeks, (3c 
\ 18bfitX> {old Law-word) m IhgrOffer of ;G»rn, 
or Grain. "-...-. i 

flAxTut, (Gr.) a bandy-legged Perfoo, or one 
whofe Back Bone is bended; alfo one that has an 
Impediment in his Speech, that ftammers, .or 

IBlafaf, an angry Pufh, fomowhat like 'the 
Small-Pox, but redder, and much more painful, 
being one of the Symptoms of the Plague : Alfo 
a Distemper in Cattle, a certain Bladder full of 
Wind and Water, which rifes out of the Root of 
the Tongue, and growing big, will at laft ftop the 
$eaft*s Wind. 

ftlantlb a proper Name of Women. 

To JBtoitCfb to whiten, to cake off the Skins of 
Almonds, Beans, Seeds, 6fc. Alfo to colour, or 
fet off; as. They Blanch* d their Anfmer in handfime 

JBiantfltt*) (in the Mint) Workmen employ *d 
io anneal, boil, and deanfe the Money. 

IBlaMf 4lianger, (Fr. in Cookery) a kind of Jelly 
made of Calves-Feet, and other Ingredients, *ith 
pounded Almonds. 

Tp SWatt&fflb to flatter or footh up wkb fiur 

WwtitO&um, alluring Careffes; Wheedles. 

IShglt^pale and wan, that is out of Countenance. 

A IdIOHB, a void Space in Writing : Alfo a kind 
of Coin worth Eight Pence, ftamp'dby K. Henry V. 
in the Parts of France fubje& to England : Alfo a 
Term us'd ii| the Mint, fer a Piece ready for Coin, 

Sbnlttfc the Covcrietsof a Bed : AHbWooL 
len Cloths that Printers ufe at the Prefs, to make 
the Letters appear fair and even. 

IBlanptft, (Fr.) a Pear, of which there are 
Three Sorts, vi%. the grear, leffer, and longtail- 

WWBtfmti, * Ditetfc in Bees, wfaa tfaey -do 

not breed, or their young ones mifcarry, 

IBtapttEcCUia, the Cyanus, or Blew-bortle, a 
Flower, fo call'd, becaufe it turns the Edge of the 
Mower's Scythe 

ToJIBUWj to bellow like a Cow • alfo to fweal/ 
or imlt away, as a candle lometttnet 40*. 

0M, a Word appiy'd by V+*rt<lmo*t, to £g- 
nifie the Motion of the Stars, <3* 

HSlaft, a proper Name of Men. 

To HDlafp^rtJtr, (Gr.) to cucfe, to revile, to 
(peak Evil pf God, or Holy Things. 

IBiafyfcmous or MsSffymamh belonging to; 

or full of Blafpbemy. 

]Bl&fpf)£ttfP ? an Uttering of reproachful Words,' 
that tend to the Dishonour of God, &c* Vile 

Matt, a Puff of Wind ; alfo Damage happen- 
ing to Corn, Trees, &c. 

. To JIBlatt, to fpoil the Fruits of the Earth ; to 
fpoil, or marr any Thing ; to difappoint a Defign^ 
or Undertaking ; to wound or ruin one's Reputati- 
on, Corn isfaid To be Blofttd, when poor and thin 
in the Ear, with little Flower in it. 

H5lafttng0, Winds and Frofts that immediately 
fucceed Ram, and are moft deftrucftive to Fruits, 

IBtatant, fold Word) barking, bawling, bab: 
bling ; as A Blatant FVriter. 

mm*, (Lat.) the Moth-Fly, an Infedk, pro- 
duct out of the Meal- Worm. BUtts By^antU, a 
kind of SbeU-Fifli, of a fweet Sccfct, and brown 

' IHattarto, the Herb Moth-miM, ib eaU'd, 
becaufe it breeds Moths. 

JBUIP* SttBteak, 

To Mm or IBblf t fott|, to flaft ; 'tis faid Of 
Fire, when it fhootl out an extraordinary Flame z 
In a Figurative Scnfc, to publilh, to fet or fpread 
abroad a Report. 

3Bte)0n, the Difjnlay of a Coat of Arms^ 

To 15la JOtl, to Paint fuch a Coat, to exprefs the 
ftveral Parts of it in their proper Colours and Me- 
tals : Alfo to defcribe, or fet forth oae f s Virtues, 
or good Qualities. 

25ia«tirp, the Art of Heraldry; 

ToOu&fltj), to whiten, to dry in the Sun. 

IBlefffc? cold, pale, or wan. 

A I5l**fe or Iftap, a fmall, eager, fipefh^water 
Fifh. \ 

y&lttljmj (Gr.) a kind of Fern, or Brake. 

IBteC^n, wifd Penny-royal ; an Herb. 

]5l*mtfy, a Stain, or Spot ; a Fault, or Difgraoe; 
or Reproach : AI& a Term in Hunting, what the 
Hounds, or Beagle* finding where the Cbage has 
been, only make a Ptofter and Return. 

ToJBUtlflftk to ftain, or fpot ; to wound cne's 
Reputation, or good Natme. 

HBteWfy, (Scotch Law-vVord) as To bold Lands in 
Blench, i. e. by Payment W a Sugar-Loaf, a Bea- 
ver Hat, a Couple of Capoips, a Rofe, or fuch like, 
if demanded. \ 

To *!ttlD, to mix, or mingle together. 

BkmmUty a Diftemper \that happens to black 
Cattle. \, 

9letUfa, (Gr.) thick Snot wftich comes from the 
Brain, and diftills thro* the fmaW Hoksof the No- 
ftrils, or Palate. \ 

«!ennU8, a kind of Sea-Fifh, 
of a Gudgeon, which may be c 

.•tatt, (old Word) flayed^ c 

•Irptjaro, (Gr.) one that ba& 
Eye-lids ; Beetle-browed. 

S&plftrott an Eyelid; 

bout the Bignefe 
"*d the Onion- 

turned back. 
x Brows, Or 

Digitized by ! 




IMttiPrat'Pltttm, an Inftrumcnt made Uie of 
to pot* Hairs uuc of the Eye-lids. 

ISIera^ (m old Latin Records,) Pete, or Earth 
digged opVnd dryed for Fuel. 

iSUtetOttlC, a Weed chat grows much in Corn- 
falds, arid is counted very good tor Wounds. 

2Weto--mantU, a Title peculiar to one of the 
Purlevants, or Marflials at Arms. 
. iKlCa, ( L*t. )ihc Biay, or Bleak, a Rivcr- 

tSiisW^ an Accident happening to Corn and 
Fruu>trets, which makes them look as it they were 
Waited. SeeJWtdfw. 
.' &m*9ttmhtth. See Pelican. 
- - >lK*l»fc (Fr. in Fortif.) Bandies of Ofiers bound 
at both Ends, and fet up between Stakes: Affo 
Pieces of Wood, or Branches of Trees laid a-crofs 
upon tie Trenches, to bear the Bavins, or Hur- 
die^ laden with Earth, which ferve to cover them : 
Jfiio Ibfoetitaes Hanks fee up, or Canvas ftretcb'd 
td take' away the Sight of the Enemy : Blinds are 
alio the fame wish Orillms ; which See. 

IBlfflb Cancer. See Cancer Primitive 

1&\mtfitttlt, a kind of Herb. 
- IBiftlbatt, oae that n blink-ey'd, that winks, or 
twinkles with his Eyes. 

"'*- iBV&bB) (a Term m Hunting) Boughs rent from 
l>ees> arifi caft over-thwart , the Way where a 
Deer is likely to pafs, thereby to hinder his 
Courfe. * 

JBIlfe, Happindfe. 

To IBltflbm or S£tlp, to leap as & Ram does m> 
or*<be £w*. * 

JBlit or IStfifc a kind of Beet, an Herb that- 
fcarce has any Tafte or Scent. 

lESite, a fort of Flower. 

Blttljt an old BritiJhWord, that fignifies yield- 
ing Mrik, profitable : fiat Mlith, or 'Blitbfemt, is 
now taken for plcafaat, jocund, or merry. 

agKtims* (L**)*heHfcrb BEr, that it of a cool- 
ing Quality. 

35Ut>eori5rlfct>e, (°ld w ™*) readily, fafeV 

3&t0tfc> the Stem, ©r'Stump of a Trte : On Board 
a Ship, Blocks are a fort of wooden Pulltes, having 
Sbfaers in them, i. *. litde Wheels fiird with a 
JCockfcnda Pin. thereon go the Rnnning^Ropes. 

HBlOCfea&t or 25I0CU0, (in tho Art of War) a kind 

fctf 3ieg€, when Armed Troops are pofted on afl the ! 

^A&renties or Patfages which lead to the Place, fotfrat! 

nc* Supplies or Provifions can be convey 'd into it; 

the Defign being to ftarve it out, and not take it 

'by Regular Attacks. 

To ©taclKlM or ©lOCfcttp M J&laff, is to fhut up 
all the Ways and Paffages, as alio touttap all Intelli- 
gence that may be fent into, or out of the Town,! 
*>fFort f ' fo that it can receive no Reliet t 

SBlomarp, thefirft Forge in an Iron-Mill, thro*; 1 
which che Metal paffes after it is melted oat of the. 
*line. . . 

JjgiOOfc See Bloud. 

♦IBlOOm, a BloiTom, or Flower of .a Ttee, &c. 
*AKo a Teem of Art ns'd in the Iron-Works, when 
the Metal is wrought to a four-fquare Mafs two 
'Poor king. 

/» tltolBtttm* to purfcrth Bloffoms, to beinBlof- 
•fom, to'flodrtm. 

Ifb'SWit^ to rwell : Alfo to fet a fmoaking, or 
drying by the Fire; as Bloud Herrings, or other! 
Fi(h, i . 'g4 ftich^iwarc not thoroughly* dr^'d. 
.' 1EHrJu% ^ne*cif^hi/Pfmdpal.Hnraburs of: the 
Body, which paffes thro' the Arteries and Veins 
for itsrflfothHihAihri 'Alfo a'DMeafe in the Backs 
'bfCicdt; wWeb wHF^tke a-Beaft go as ifh* 
dreivhitWead^gdejbr after hiiti. 

n\mmtymt», a foreof Hunting-dogs, fo calfd, 
by rfcaibr? ^f their tranfidfetodenfcly Wquifite Scent ; I 

for if thro' Cafualty their Game be dead, or if 
wounded, and eicapes the Huntfinan's Hands, oi 
if kill'd, and never io cicarJy taken awj- . 
they'll difcover and find means to come n 

IBlOUD^unning 3[tClj, a Dncaie rn Horlei, pro- 
ceeding from an Inflammation of the Bloud, over- 
heated by hard Riding, or other great Labour j 
ib that it gets between the Skin and the Fieth, and 
makes the Beaft fcrub and bite himfelf; which if 
let alone too long, will turn to a grievous Mange, 
and is very infectious. 

IHQUMjatttn, a fort Swelling that grows thro; 
the Hoof of an Horfe, and is commonly itul of 
Bloud : Jt is bigger on the In^idecfaaa on the Ouu 
fide, being fed by the Maftef- Vein, and runs. do wj^ 
tothePaftern. v - 

WiQlHktimit, a certain reddtfti S^one, very efie-] 
dual for the Stopping of Blood, 

H£'ou*4trang*, a fort of Herb. 

ifilautbtatt, (in ancient Charters) an Aaieicia- 
ment, or Cuftooaary Fioe^ paid as a Com^oliri* 
on and Attonement for tbefteddiag or /drawing of 
Bloud ; fo rfiat whoever had it given him in his 
Charter, had the Penalty due for Blood-fhed grant- 
ed him. 

BltlUMtoOJt^ i SaHet-heij*> pleafaat to the Tafte, 
and wholefome. 

IBlOCfiWig, a Blood-Pudding. 

J5iOUtrp, dawr/d, or befmear'd vmb Blond , 
Bloud-tbirfty, cruel. f *. 

ISIOU&HW^ (a Term in the F*refrLm*}*xht 
taking of a Trofpafler againft Vedifoo, with his 
Hands, or other Parts Bloudy, by yAkh^Circum- 
ftance he is judg'd to have kiB'd a De«r, though pt 
be not found Chafing or Hunting. ~ 

Btoteft, a fort of Whale that fammmp* ffeat 
deal of Water. - 

I5fe*0i«r|4hafcf, .a kind of Viper mm^m^ (p 
call'd, hecaufe k Wows and fweKs. thp H^ad very 
much before it gtvfs a Bke, whioh^ genecaUy 
accompany'd with fatal Conftquenoes. ' 

»rote, »0tluts '&mfriAmmm*e*tiBte 

ners) is when, alter having h£at 4her Sides or c^e 
Copper-Pan, in vwhich Sm$*r A^Afl^Hsotfd^Sbr a 
confideraUetime, with the SJtimmcr, and haviqg 
blown thro' che Holes of it from one^$i^e co.lbe 
other ; certain Sparks, as it were, air fmail bub- 
bles fly out, whieb fliow that f he^nfiH: i$ come to 
chat Degree of Boibng . • J r > - *• . 

Wti&p, a fat, red.fac v d, hloced Wench. 

BlubtttT) a kind of Sea-F/fh ! Alfo Whale-Qil, 
or JFat, comtnooiy 06 caH*d before it is bot^df 

To JBlttff, to Blind-fold, or Hood-wink. 

JBbtff^aKh, (among Sea-nlen) )a .Ship 'is /aid 
Ta be Bhtfi*b§mied, when (he has-buc afmall Rake 
forward on, and is built with her Stern too ftradc 

IBlttflttr, a Miftrfkr, Fault, or* Oversight. 

HBllin&trbufn, a fhort Brafs Gun of, a large Bore, 
that will carry many Musket; or Piftol-BttJlets, 
proper to do Execution in a Crbwd, or to make 
tgbod a narrow, Paflage. 

JBltttttet, a fort of light-blew Colour. 

ToittTlUQtr, to make a N&ifeas/.a bdfterous 
WiWd does, to(keep great a*doe, or heavy Noife ; 
to ftorm, or rage. 

To M?ll> (old- Word) tb defi*, to eeafe, or 
leave off. 

HBoa. See Bods. 

IBoattarge*, (//^.Sons of Thunder) a Title 
given by our^JBldfed Lord and Saviour to* thenApo- 
Ales. fames znd-Jabn, 'the Sons of Xfbcaez. 

JliBMtt, a Plank, a Table : Among Seamen, it 

is ^arioufly us'd ; as To go aboard, #. f. to go into 

a Ship. To be within the Ship, is faui To be 

rvitUn board j Jtnd to be witHotrt rhr Ship, is To be 

• L without 

Digitized by 



- iff ,un»prmnTi*ioq A i m '*"■' » * OMw a gf 


without Board : When any Thing i*,fbrawn inter 
thd'^lk/^ttiey' fay* # » heaved aver^hard; ttfi 
when it flVftf down by** Ships Side* 'tis faid, To 
fiif ttyHl* B*st*. ' ■ '•- ' ■- 

KMrtl atWlSOtrtl, 4s when two Ship's lye clofe 
toftWhtfr, »td£by Si*. ^ • 

T##fte't Bear* or Co Wmi it up to a 

fdl&C?? to turn the Ship up to the Windward, fome- 
titfiisfr on' iflto^^ock, 'and fometimes on another : 
And <*hefr a Shi£ at one Tack, or Turning, has 
advane'd much to the "Windward, fhc is faid To 
makf * good Beard. 

T6lWHf&, totfrmt Whh Boards $ alfo to enter- 
t£ti'*c TiMe,t«»t6 ( te a Boarafcer: In Sea- L an* 
guage, to dririr -clofe to a Ship during a Fight, in 
order to eAter Meb on any Part of htr. 

^^ifitWt; one that; Ofets whh another, or is 
entertained at hi^Tablfe at a certain Race agreed 
upon. .1 j '« 4 /- ? 

flUlMrortfOB, fatv> r 4 kind of Serpent that fol- 
lows Herds 6f Cattle, and fucks the Dugs of Cows ; 
foiftettffit$ftlakg*,duttiff the fimperottfC/a»tfwj's 
Ttaifr,'* y6ttag GbiWbtras-fonnd in its Belly : Alfo 
a Difeafe, wherein ted Pimples arife in the Fkfe ; 
the Measles, ©rSmaibflbx. 

®03t, a well known Veflel, of which there are 
fevtfral farts belonging^ a Ship, aa3*rLong»boat, 
the Skiff of Shallops thfclBaqge; efc. Wbkh fee in 
rftffe Wdtd*. '■ < l « .^••- * ■■*-.. 

td #fl*> t^e »0at* (in Sea-Language) is to 
Itfe^'btt #om beating againft the Rjodts, Shpre^ 
(Mr : SM{ft'fSiditfc. T* Fire* *£e Boat, is co <caft Wa- 
ter out of her. To Man the Boat, is to put Men 
ifflfr>UK) 4tfd tfceft Men are - calFd the Boats 

' TWprtrtfHI* VOKt) to make faft a Rope by the 
Gun-wale, round about the Boat, and to- fatten the; 
BdlRif dp^tWr eto ? by which' means the Boat is well 
ftrength«Wt to endure her Tow. To Trim th 
Bfefto foUetf her ftrait. To Wini the Bmtj to 
turn^tfie Boat^s H«atl about. 
* »daW0pe or «Pift*tfC<> that Rope by which 
We Ship tow* tet Boar at the Stera. 

Soat4tDBtH or Wtfttli an Officer in a Ship, 
%hb tkkti mio bisf Charge all the Ropes that be- 
torn***** the R«ggt«g» with the Cables, Anchors, 
Simf&t. He alfo takes Care of the Long<bo*f 
^Witti M Fwwitttfe/ andHeers her either by hinv 
felf, or his Mate : He calls up the Man to per- 
form 'rttelr fevend Watches, WDrks^and Duties, 
Tfeep« .the'm ^t Peaoe one with another, and Tees 
all Offenders punifh'd according co their Sen- 
tence; * 1 ' ^' * ' q - ' ■ ' 

9lb4ail 9 (ia ^cbery) the Steel: of a Shaft, or 
Arrow that is fmalibreafted, and hag towards the 
Head t ft is ocherwife catt'd Capon-fajhrnn; and 

flMbfrflK, little towatd Inftrnments, tos'd in the 
making of Bone^Lace. 

' fmtn*, * c **•» M0od of lhc ^^ Fig^e in 
Logidti in wMdi rfio middJe^moft Propofinon is an 
Univerfal Affirmative, the firft aad laft particular 
Negatives. r *m 
- IWttaOnr, fhw'Bttckraro, a fortof Cloth. * 

»0C*te ? (among fbme Ctymufl$\ a Glafe-Veffel 
with a great Belly like a Cucurbire. 

VtX§Ot% (Sax.q/d. Book-hoard) a Place where 
Boo*^ ; *writincs, or Deeds are kept. 

ttOCftftri or VoCbfKt, (in falconry) one of the 

'K?id#of'ten^i#ihged Hawks. 

/ «WW«rt , (>?4jr. ^ Borland) Land held by 

ChArier^ or itiftrametttin Writing, and not to be 

ifrtiUatWfer to *xben, iefceber by Gift, or Sale, but 

tMcWifire^o' the next) H^i^; so Hereditary Eftace 

among the Saxm TiMratsyfOflNobkrmen. ; 

*.v.qp Vote or &000, ('old Word) to declare, or 

(hew : It is now usd fq^XQ 

hot in 


^».te ! 

by Sk TwQasBodle&t mi 
ro/if, for ks prodigi^tu fr^ck #f 
ed and Manufcnpt. . -. . v rr 

BOB?, a Compound of ^ajxer^Jpopi, ^mcK j 
among Naturalifts is defined, to Jbek ^ut^ffl^ 
impenetrably extended, or that wb^i is e^t^n4^» 
fohd and moveable. Alfo a p^incipat Part of /fcer. 
tain Things, as the Body of a Coach,, Fort, ©*r 
Alfo a Society ,' or Company of People, a 'whbt£ J 
Army of a certain Number of Soldiers : Among 
Cfymifts, that Veflel which holds the Matter in Di; i 
ftilling the Spirit of Vegetables, and which is othdr- * 
wife called a Cucurbit e: In Gunnery, it is the Subftari<e* 
or Whole Mais of Metal in a Piece of Ordinance* ' ' 

In Geometry, %QW is a Magnitude that has thfte , 
Dimenfions, ti%. Length, Breadth, and Thicknitfe, 
and is either Rcgnl*r, or Irr<*ular. ' ; 

Kegulat H50&P, is that which has all tht An- 
gles and Sides, as alfo all the Planes thin cotnpoffe' 
its Surface like an equal; of which there are only 
five forts, «/^. "ifhe Dodecaedron, Hexaedron, Iccfie- 
dron, OSaedron, and Tetraedron ; which fee intheif 7 
proper Places. 

JrtCgulat 'tfo&P* a Solid that is not bounded by 
ec}tul* and like Surfaces. 

In Cbymifiry, $fp ffiOHiTft are thofe Things 
that naturally grow and encreafe ; as Merals, Mi- 
nerals, Plants, and Living- Creatures. 

ISflg, a Marfhy ground, fulltf Water, or MtitL 

To KQfH&tey to waver, to be uncetuin what to, 
do ; to Scruple or make Scraples. 

IBoljtinia, a large Country in Europe, which U 
part of Germany, i 

H&OlpifetanO, the Natives, or ^habitants df B#^ ; 
famid: Alfo a fprt of People ther^ like ouc.Gyp- 
fies, idle Vagabonds that AroU -about the Counft jf, 
and live by Fikbing , and pretpnjfed Telling of Por^ 
tunes. . ../..,.'. ,". *,- . , \* ''[ ' 

JBoix, fL4#.> Gives> Bapds.aliout the Neck. 1 
made of Wood or Iron, like a Yoke : It, is alfo 
taken in ourold Records, for Chains, or Fetters: ,' 
^ HSoiat) a great Officer of. State among the Mitf- 
ccvites and Perfytnt. , 

Sk)inmn09» the %attk>fnake,, a Sespent :,in n A h 
merica, whofe Bite is deadly, unlefs (pcedity'lrclr 
medy'd. \ ,- , 4 

H50il or ^5ile, a kind of Swelling or Sore.' ' ; ,f 

ffifOtlarP or H5uEar? Of ^alf, a Salt-houfe, Sift- 
pic, orother Place where.Sak is bojl'd. ,, r " J * ' 

JBOlttCtOl*, ftqrmy, vehemenr, force, unruff. 

SSJtifiOU*, ('old Word; halting, lame, lowly. L " 7 

XSolbowic!!, a Plant, ocherwife caird Sanea. 
Flower. <^T 

IBolfa^ Set Bulbus. , ; ; 

JSolt or IBoal, (Country-word) the main 4 jSp4jfi 
or Stock of a Tree. ' -• '-' 

J»de jatmontark. See Bolus 4rmen*. 

Boletus, (L*f.) aMufliroom ; the richeft, and 
beftfort. ; f 

SSOling, See Bowling. 

Boltfi, (Gr.) a Javelin, or Dart ; a Pltimfeet qf 
Lead, with a Line let down intp ^VT^tqr 'to 
found the Depth of it. AWp « 7 » ie^ r M?j^ r iFap- 
pearing in the Air like a Dan., v ^ •« 

iBolotiia fraufoges. See stymiiiy. 'V 

KQlmtitimtax, a gray StoneV^Mffa^ of 
alargeWalnnu Which b^ipg ^roienhV snSnS of 
Cryftal.or'JSwqi Talk. w« ji and ir 
Name ; ThL 

Chymical Reverberatory r 
dark like a lighted Coal. Ha:o 

Digitized by 


B t O 

B O 

L?0U 5 a round .Stalk, or Stem, as A Bolt of Flax ; 
alio the v $eed-f>od$ of Poppey. 

H>0llCl7V (old Word) fwollen, or fwelled. 

15o!Ulrt0ttij or WollMitsngj Buck-wheat, a kiod 
of Grain : AMb a Medley ot feveral forts of Grain 
Together, othcrwife call'd Mdflin^ ox Mong-com. 

HJolt, an Iron-pin to faften a Door. In iome 
old Records , a long narrow piece of Scuff . 

Bolt Of Cattfeag, the Quantity of 28 Ells. 

lOOltS, a tort of Herb. 

25olt5rf a Carriage fo? great <H>utt0, are Rings, 

to which the Breeches ana Tackles of the Ordi- 
nance are faften'd. 

In Sea-Affairs, 2&olt5 are Iron-pins of feveral 
fotts, which belong to the Rigging of a Ship ; as 
Clench- belt j, Drive- bolts, Fender- belts, Fore-bolts, I(ag- 
bolts, 'Hjng.bolts and Set-boltsy all which, fee under 
thole Articles. 

JBolt-'feoat, a Boat that can well endure a rough 

SoIt^eaD* See Matrafs. 

ISoittfOpcS, (in a Ship) the Ropes wherein the 
Sails ace fow'd, or made raft. 

Kolt.Tprit or H£0to-fp2it 5 chat Maft which ftands 
foremoft in the Head of a Ship, ftooping and point- 
ing forwards^ being of the" feme thicknefs and 1 
length with the Foremaft. 

To S5olt, to faften with a Bolt : In Husbamky t 
tofift Me*l> Pi Flower thropfch i B*g to make ic 
finer- Among Hunters, a Goney is faid To be bolt- 
U, when (he is firft rais'd, or ftarted. , 

^8taltcr> a Bolting bag, to fift Flower in. 

5>0ltU1$k the barring of a Ddor^ a tfrkig of 
Meal, (3c. Alfo a Term of Art'us'd in Gra/s-Inn, 
which fignifies a kind of Exercife, or Arguing of 
Cafes among the Students. l 

«olttai^«tr| or &uwtimtyxtt%, a Cheft to 

bp^.orfifcMearfti. ' ^ i 

|QrolU0 9 (Gr.) a clod of Earth, a Mafs, or lump* 
of Metal, fge. a. Gobbet, * MbothfuJ, or Bit. Ill a 
Mineral Senfe, a kind of Earth, which Dr. Giet* 
fqppofesto be a Bed, as it Were the Materia Prima , 
01 ftrft. Matter of Stones and Metals. * Alfo a Medi- 
cine made up fomewhat thicker than Honey, the 
Qaanticy for one' Dofe, beirfg.a^tnucrh is maybe 
conveniently taken as a Mouthful on the point of a 

^i«B 0rmnia or Bole armentadH a kind of 

Earth, or (bit cromWing Stone, found in Armetiia, 
and eliewhere, which Painters make ufe of for a 
pa|^t red Colour: Ic is alfo much us'd in Pbyfick, 
with other Ingredients. 

fWWb* A Shelf, or hollow Sail of caft Iren, 
charged with whole Powder, Nails, pieces of Iron, 
($c, And (hot out of a Mortar-piece into Befieged 
Towns, to do Execution, by Firing a Magazine, or 
any thing that is near it, or by the pieces of the 
Shelj^ flying, about. See Granadee. 

Kftlttbtf&ClN a Wooden Cheft, fiiTd with Gun- 
powder and feveral Bombs, which is fet under 
Ground, to blow ic up into the Air, with rhofe 
thatftand on it.- Thefe Bombs air often us'd to 
drive Enemies from a Poft they lately feiz'd, pr 
iWUcb. they are about to take Poffeflion of. See 

fipSh a kind of great Gnn. 
To ©flmbattJ iar SJCttlb, to (hoot Bombs into a 
Place, for annoying the Inhabitants or Garrifon. 

mmbafiik A 'find of Stuff. 

V BS'rfi^Sft tV;Cottbn.plant growing in - ^<*, 
Lt^e'5cedpf^nlcli !fe fs like the Trecttte, or Drug of 
f^aboVOndlof Wit ufc m Ptyfick ; alfo a fort 
'krf&^aarf*^ Whence His Figuratively 
1 ^©i**, .TiWtojfety 1 , or Paltry 
; ' " ' ' ' "* t 

To JBOtllbaft, to ftuff with Bombalt, to bea 
bang one ioundly. - . 

JBombafttCh^ belonging to Bombaft, high-flown, 
fweJUing, or iwoilen ; as A Bomb*fisc{$vte. 

33ombU0, (Gr.) the humming of ik^$ % a Buz?; 
the hoarfe Sound, or Blur of a Trumpet 

JKOlIlbVltS, the Worm, or Grub of which 
comes the Silk-worm ; alio a kind of Humming 

15ombpltUB, the great Bee, commonly call'd 
the humble, or humble Bee, Alio a l J ot with a 
narrow Mouth that bubbles whilft one is drink- 

IBtmbVf) the Silk- worm, an Infed, or the Silk- 
yarn ipun by ic ; alfo the fineft, or inmoft part of 

lEOftCtPKif ll» ( Fr m ,\ e . good Chriftian } the 
Name ot a large French Pear of a Pound-weight, 
now grown common amongft us, yet much eiieenVd 
for itspleafant Tafte and Whollomeneis. 

1B0rta, (Lat.) a proper Name of Women, Signi- 
fy ing Good. 

HBona fiot, (i. <r. with a good Faith; an Exprcfli- 
on us'd, when a Thing is done really, without 
Fraud or Deceit. 

•OH* ffiefttira, ("in iUd^emaU) goodA^isfejKing^ 
or good Beliamur. * • >■ ........ ^* 

*om iBoiaWia f (i^»-re^) fitch Goods! u* 

I Man dying has in an*faeriDiocef% ,*t fpmt ^ftanc#; 
from that wherein he. diet, amounting * leaft. 
to the Y$lup of five FotKndtjviit vhi^Qalit fai$ t 
Will ' prov'd before, 00 the Adwni#i*f 
tion is co be granted ? fey the Arqbbiftop- p£;tl^ 
Province; . , , 

*ona pattfa or Offlft toto fatti^ {&<&*: 

mon-Lavr) the choofing of Twelve, or more JH^en 
out Of rhfr Country to pafs upon an Amj^^pjare 
call'd Ji»r*Mr^ or J^jwa ^^ . r f -j 

vonagift or ^Bonagfib, a Tax in JtatafkifltyQt 
fed at the W|iU of the Lord of tin MundnM.^ 

stwaxmtXtti a Tcee that grows in maft of tbq 

CaribbeeJftands in Amerita f Five or>Si*3fe|r4# bifi(4 

having Leaves a Yard ,and a half long, W^f a 

- Yard broad : The Fruit of wit very goo4 and 

Medicinal* . , f f> . ^ 

iiSmufliJH (Gn) a wild Beaft {ike a BoUU wi* 
the Mane «f a Horfe, which when buntedrfaifs himc 
ftlf by ha Ordure, caiovrn/ouc in \bm aban4ance, 
andfanoifomo, chat the, Hitters arefemd jto Ifave 
off the Purfuic, 

ttMHafemtUff <WTe«, (St+tctm) & feoond Mif- 
fen-maft, which is added im fone great Ships, and 
ftands next eke Poop. _, .' 

Vmffi^lKtTj (in Commo**Law) thofe that bound 
themielver by Covenants to fav* their Lgrd* 

VOnMbtOSIf » See St&tmt. 

S6lta 9 is defined by Afiatemtfts to be a Simi- 
lar Pun, dry, hard, inflexible, and void of Seqfe, 
which affords Support aod f orm to cho whole 
Body. ^ 

Atnong Sea- men, a Sbipito fiid %&tWCW ft SrOtte 
ttl bf^ #0»tb5 when flie makes the Water foam be-, 
fore her in Sailing. \ 

*0W^b?eaber, a kind of Eagle. See C^^< 

®0ne^pat*l5 a Difcafe iaMocfes, teingagreac 4 
Cruft as hard as a Bone, that grows on tfcc ji^fide 
of the Hoof, or on the Heels, and often cauCcs. 
• Lamenefs* 

»Ollffracr 5 (Fr.) a kind of Screen which Chit. 
dren wear on their Foreheads in the Sanaaier-ame, 
to keep them from being tafnned by the Heat of the 
Sun. Alfo a Frame of old fUpcs, or Jonkf pi , Ca- 
bles, ufually laid out at the Bows, Stems, and&dea, 
of Ships that Sail into <old Latitudes, to betprfeem 
fsom being damaged by J ibe great Flake* of loc 
that float about in thofe Seta. - v 

Digitized by 





v |PW l MWilir irt ?: T^ a ^^ an Order of 
•'Wo***? fcj&ndetf l «f FWfoci* ir P*uU, ind other- 
wife eail'd FrUW'toMtti of Mtotitti: 4 * 1 

gBMtitt •^(•fti?;*f * Weil^oerJ 4 properName 
,#futitaral#*Hf**> *n**o*ec eminent Men. ~ - ' 

)B0niS mm WWWAfofifc * Writ dire&ed to the 
Sfeetfft & LMMtK^^To- charge them chat one 
Co*di«*ftd toy ftfe^feek in a Nation, and profit 
curing a Writ of firfcur, be not fuffer'd to remove 
#«&SdC 'riH the fekoorbe try U v ' •' 

- H&Onmt, (fr.) a fere of Cap. In Sea»L*ngaagr, 
a fmall Sail fet on topon the Courfes, or on the 
Fore-fail and Mainufail, when they are tdo nar- 
iWj %r BUrite^ to Gloach the Maft ; as t&f f «/> b*s 
her Comfe md Bonnet tbxoad, i. e. (he has that Piece 
of Sail added to her Coarfr* whlcH ticfore fhe had 
mat t °8b l U«fct when* trie Sea-nteri arc to fatten it *a, 
shey fey, 1** #* tbe&met ; and when it is to be 
taken awa? t &*$? <jjff ; #W £*»***: 

In Fortifkition, BfttMt ** * ^ ft ^' 4 Wnrlr rfllVd 
beyond the Coumerfcarp, having two Faces that 
JbfrttfMdfaW AagleV *** A irwete a fmall Ravc- 
8f4 l %rtftc4t*% Tf*ti& £ Btir it Kas a Parapet, or 
Breaft-work three Foot high, and is encompafs'd 
tfitfc a AaiWe Row of TatJiradoes. 

*«*W a £ Iftftt, OrEfc :£*iT*tfap, is an 
€ta^we^ f n *fflle* ^fc^-Hea* w nuxc **- 
K*»mn^ { to* 'ntfrlwirtifds : It differs from 
mi^tf&fcWntilt* drilf in this refpeay that id 
S^^tfftead erf bein* Parallel, are riiade like a 
' StfNUMtV Tail"/ that % narrowing; ofr drawing 
e*ft ^SK* 'Gorge, or Keck, and opening it the 

111 VmBRmfiB !£?&' See B*k*is* fttnw / 

- »0nW#WfeUi, (I*. /. *. good J»»rr) an 
Herb cali'd Engtijh Mercury », excellent for deanfingj 
i^4^n* foil Ulcer*. " . ] ! 

IBl*r#'IMWV * fmaM Book eftfcbHth'd by 
Parliament, ihewing at what Value Goods thai! 

?ay P&tf&ge flitfl be reckonM at the Cuftom^ 
l(M k< << ■' ■ ■ i ■ -<>■ ► • • I 

•' IBfltffc, foWWotf) fcelwsf. ' 

tjTDOmi (£>***> a Ttee. Among Sek-nteh, 'a! 
tefa£ : 'Nfelb'$ie*H dot the Glew, or Corner of 
tfci S^MfinfrfaiL, or e*bef Sails : Alfo the Bar ofl 
a Hive* ; 6t*a Potewith Butties, orlfcskets ion* 
AeVdk (Uoiur as * Nfltr*/ dire&ing !*W to fteer 
into a Channel. ' n 

' W ntHtHgy i Ship is faid t* oMrfr Bobmfog, wften 
fee makes all the Sail (he can. 

ISfiflft, Favour, Re^jueft, good T*"^ 

^dOW^0» See *?Ar^. 

IBMpS, <G*.) *e>Ox ey'd OackisreF * a Sea- 

Fifli. . 

<&#$) a C6untty.Cte^n. 

JlBooitftb clownffti, homely, rude. 

IBoOft, ;* Word us # d in fmc Races fot an Ox- 
ftall, or Cow-ftall. 

fWr^^ Wortf) Succour, Help, Aid : It is 
now takfc** fol» Advantage or Profit; as toujbti 
h*vt this to Boot*, it is to no Boot, &C 

IBOOt OF Walt, (old Ezpreffien) Eafe of Sor- 

IBOOMi a Planr, other^ife cali'd Marfti-Mary- 
Golds* ' 

To »O0t#ljfHe, (North- Country Word) to go 
plunderiH^lbout, to pillage, to rob. 

JSSR^mtr, a Free-Booter, or Robber. 

JBOOtrfre or SBOOtflOff, t*o Pieces o( Wood, 
(htf 'd Hke ♦ Leg, ai& driven into Boots to ftretch 
or widen them. 

lB0Ct» {Or. sV>k Ae> l Qs-Driver) the Name 
of a Nmhetn <J6rfllel4arfoh f th»t • cbnttins 34 

;\ JlSaOtfofo ^ a Tort; if Raci; ^4 ^in J^^ft by 
pbtung an Iron Bar Jqed j£ X^Sende^^ J^qg^tfid 
diving atr Iron Peg upaa Jhis JShifi^ioi^^:.^ 

Corn, anciently fo caiTd, perhaps beiyutife £nc. t Te. 
nants paid it by way of Bote, or jUcoaip^nce to 
the Lord, for \m spaking them Lcales, ^! , ? .j 

JBOOtlcft, unprofitable, vain. '? 

JStotf, (»0 Prey, Spoil, Pillage; Prize* ,. 

SBOOJ, (Ha*, in Strength) the Uwbtnd *i JB&tb, 
and Great Grand-father of King David. V •* 

SBO^IC^O, (Sf4it.)a Wine Veffel-made^of a tic's 
Skiq, the Hair inwards, or of Leather drefs'd with 
Roitn and Pitch 

HB$&tPj (Lat.) Borage, a common, but much 
efteemed Garden- Herb, good to comfort the ,$ean, 
and drive away Melancholy. r . , f ," 

HSnm or IBmOU * hlrd (hinin|. Afkeal like 

mri**n Parrh iwt«i/*K l*n)/^_lmtrllc tffi* m.rkA «•*«<» h* •% #• 

and foldering of Gold. 

313o?bOJPgmU0, (Gr.) a rumbling, or croaking of 
the Gurs. 

i5OZ0^IfpennP, a Duty paid in Fairs and Mar- 
kets, forfetung up Boards, Tables, and Stalls, for 
the felling of Wares. 

xmim, ^muw ju«»>i M\sLvmsj a co«p A cr 
Planki f , 

J30?W5i«tH^ Bordagep the Tenure, or manner 
of holding MordUndi\ which See. 

HBCUDaut, Tenants that poffefe part of fuch 
Lands. 1 .* % . / 

jiftpte!, (5«,) ^tfirft fignify'd any ^iiltCot- 
tage, fome of which growing infambift Jby bfipg 
made common Ale-hoiifcs and Harbours for Smup- 
pets ^ the Word Boriel w and by.Tfanfpofition fir^ 
Me, or Brothel, was afterwards taken .for a Stews, 
pr Bawdy-houfe, whqrc lewd Women prfifiarate 
their Bodies fot- Gain. 

X50:t*r» the End, or Edge of a Garment, 
Countrv. f^c Alfo a kind af Ornament inflat- 
ing : Among Fhrifts % Borders are taken for fuch 
Leaves which (land abou: the middle thrum of a 
1 Flower. 

To H502&er a IJatt?, is to cut k np ; a Term in 
tfeerArt of Carving at Table. 

' yBtil&WZ, one chat lives on the Borders, os ut- 
moft Bounds of a Country. 

JBCjWan^ fSjrjr. Law- Term ) the Demeans, or 
Eftate, which the Lords of Manours keep in their 
Hands, for the Maintenance o( : their Board, or Ta- 
ble. See Table-Rent s. 

IBOlMflbr, the Quantity of Food, or Frovifion, 
which the Rordtrii, or Bordmen paid for their 
Bord lands 

IftBOltty, \rr.) Jjoraer, itage 5 ana a pr^mt rqc 
a Lookmg-G|afs, Pidare, c^c. In Her44y r an 
ancient Difference in a Coat of Arms, by whi^h 
feveral Families of the fame Naraev Of Pedbns 
bearing the fame Coat, are diftingmfti'd one,]$qm* 
another : It is a TradJ, or Compafe ^f one M?e<a!, 
Colour, or Farr, cm off from within , tfee 
Bfcutcheon all round it, and taking up abopta 
fifth Part of the Field ; as fit bum Guia a B*dm? 


n \. 

WottmXtB* are Ibmetimes It^ecJtjf^ Q^Wf^ 
Compony, Engrailed, Gabonate^ r .jfdept^ ri ](nr 
veAed, Varry, &c. which- JS^g n^iQiofc 

Words. - -.-.; i|, +.A M n' ; v ,^ n 

a Piece of Ordinance. ,.•>-, 
JD0 % *8b C Gr -) Wongmg to the Nqn^Q^ 

k^?. nd: ^- boolfl nrl; 

Digitized by 



"-^fl^jMbltk, m Sir Northern Signs of; the 
Z&Uiaci^, ViZ. Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cnnoer r Leo, 
ax^^jp? l jio call'ti, because they are placM on the 
Norrh Side of the Equator. 

jEOlt&ni the North Wind, a cold freezing Wind. 

iSo;ttl) ? an Herb which Fullers make ule of for 
taking Spots our of Cloaths. 

To lSOttt (old Word) to burnifh. 

JEojOto or XSOMUgb^ a Corporate Town that is 
not a City, a large Village, luch as fend Burgeffes 
to Parliament. 

WoltitosS&Zfttt or ^5irro^#altfr, the Mayor, 
Bailing or Chief Governour of fuch a Town. 

}iD20to4;faO ? the Chief Man of the Borough, 
who was anciently cholen by the reft, tofpeak and 
a<5t in their Behalf See Hrad-bwougb. 

^cto^oluxr, Bo?fljoItier f or5Eo;ofcD^lBer, the 

fame Orficer with the Borow-hcad, or Head-bo- 

Jig02Oto'<2ngliQ)> (Law-TeTm) a cuftomary De- 
scent of Lands or Tenements in fomc PJaces to 
the youngeft Son, or if the Owner have na Iffue, 

1 : » t« younger Brother ; which Cuftom is more- 
efpecially ofaferv'd at Stamford in Lincoln fltira.% 
k W6j8pii*> a Difcafe in JEAropOy like the French- ' 

lfc?ttl, (old Word) downifh, tudfe j alfo an 
: Atmr,' br Drefs for the . dead. 

JgoanftD, (old Word) a Surety, or Pledge, 

• Urmjpr^ (Gr.) a Gem, or Jewel of a t>Iack 

Colour, with red and white Spots. I 

15*0, (£*0 an bx, Bull, or Cow ; arty fthrt of 

2tf ear-Cattle. 

4*6ft«gf, a Place fet wieh Trees, a Grove, ot 

J Thicket:: In the Arc of Painting, a Picture that 
jtofcfeiits tnue^Wdrid and Trees : In a Law-ferife, 
Maft, or fuch* Suftenancfc as Woods and Treei 
fieifl to Cattle. 

v' jBuftflS, ! (8n) a 'Watw-fdW like a Duck * thq 
Wbinder, Widgeon, or fcochahL 

r >§B«fOtel, (It&i. *. fair Wood) a Place now* 
<W*he Retreat of K Cfor/ei It after H>orceJler-> 


r : 3l5BfcttO f an cM Laf/a Law^word for all manner 
of Wood: 

rA fifbfatorlBofrii See Boatswain.' 

i&0fplia^0 or JBtfWtttr/ (». ? . </. 0**aflage) 

^¥ Term itiQevgrafh;^ tor! a ftrait or nirfow Neck* 
of the Sea, that fepaxares : two Contmerifs $'; byj 
wtffch'mean* a Gulph and a Sea, ot two Seas: 
hYVe a Ct^mumcarion one with another j as the 
thr avian Bflfpbertff, now caH'd the Streights of Con- 
fiantmofle, and another more Northward* cali'd 

lt EOG^ a Stud, or Knob, a Bunch. 

TEb^tifo*-> ( Gr -) * G«U or Je#cl, like a 
fciock 6r Btifh of a Woman's Hair. 
*• Wtttti (Si ofd I*fni Records) a Boot, of Shooe, 
Tuch as is worn by Mohks. 

JPtttanital, (Gr.) belonging to Plants, or 

u 1^canfCftS otWttWfa the Science of Simples, 
which (hews how* to 1 diiftingmfh the feveral kinds 
%f Plants' r as Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, &c. one from 
"Shoifcier, and whiofi giver juft Defcri^tions of fhem : 
It may alfo be taken for that Part ot the Art of 
fVyfifck; which defcribes and reckons up the feveral 
ViiTciSfci' t>» Manfe ' 

>IO Jfeti8lh% 1 aw HerbaKft, one well ftrs'd in' the 
Knowledge of all forts of Plants, Herbs, Sfc. 
Yo wkStffi mXab** Sauiag* madfe of Eggs, and 
the Blood of the Sea-Mullet. * 

Ifrjtcfb a Piece of Stuff fow^ tb old Cloarhs ; 
alfp a pocky .Ulc^tir* Sore F Vi Sort in the Groin 

JBfitr. (^x) Compenfation, Recompenc^ oi* 



Amends ; whence che Terms Hcdg-botc* Hcuft- 
bote, Man^bot^ &C. wJtu£Jv,jSee^ . ^ .., . . ,, r 

IBOtcfrarli, {Sax.) the lame as Bot^furain. 

HSotlja, (in ancient ^w^i Deeis) a Booth, dr 
Tent fet up in Fairs, or Markets. • c ( 

3B0tl#jJtUtn, Bootha^e, certain cuftomary Da- 
ties, paid to the Lord of the Manour, for the pitch- 
ing, or (landing of fuch Booths. 

^Potfjcna, a Barony, Lordthip, or-Siicritfwick, 
toomini Bothena, Lords of the Barony, Manour, 

^CotfjOl, (Arab.) certain Pimples in the Fact 
which fpread about, but foon come to run with 
Matter and difappear : Alfo in general, any Pim- 
ples in the Face, Lungs, or other Parts $ the Small- 
Pox, or Meazles. . ./ • 

^Ot!|?ton, the Name of a kind of hollow, nar- 
row, and hard Ulcer in the Eyes. 

tf Ottlft or WutkX Of t|e fttllff, an Officer that 
provides the King's Wines, 

^Otrptt, (Gr.) a Bunc£ of Grapes preferved. 

mtm* a aufter, or Bunch of G&x% AJ^ 
the Herb caU^d O^ >.¥ fyrnfaknt, good for aa Ui* 
cer of the Lung?. ,. .n _ - • 

IBfltfdin^ the Grona4 of any Tfcfeft i *lfo an 
° ld W o !f!.r? a ^j^y^ or ftpj*_ y«ir / 

IBottitiftf , iiBott^tan:^ or ^BtaKftmagty is when 

the Maftec of a $hip borrows Money jsp^# fh£ 
Bottom,, or Keel of it ; fo.aa to forfeit the^ Ship it 
feff to the Creditor^ ifethe ^Ipney be f pqt p4|d at 
the Time appointed,, with Imeneft of^-pe f* 
Pounds fn Cent, at the Ship's fafeJRctarJy 4>uaio 
cafe the Ship mifcarry, the Lender lofH his MM^y. 

I^IKtt, Worms, or Grubs, that deftoyOtoftrafs 
in BowlingrGreens, file. Alfo certain (aw^^Cprnw 
that breed in the Straigh^Gnt o| a Hotfc^flqp xbS 
Fundament. e, \^f-i . 

3Bl«im £*tf*, (in anciifci JL^^i|)(^t| ( jin 
Ox-gate of Land, as much as an .©** fcjh^ft ot 
x8 Acres, , < >sa*Ltti'Z 

IBoutf^ of Ctftttt^ a certain Quarr^t^^P^i- 
fions allowed to a Servant in a Princb's Pal#cf t or 
Noble-man's Houfe- AUp aa-AJl^wbo^^of Diet, 
or YiduaU from the King, or great Lord% m thek 
Knights, Efquirfes, flfc th4t tfttMided tbeaii^ aHy 
warlike Expedition : It is other dAife calTd Bmyef 
Court, a«d commonly Madge of Court. , ■, , , 

ffioutlet, (Br.) a round white Pear, abott the 
bigaefs or a middling Bergamot, wkh a fine ten* 
der Pulp, and Xugar'd Joico ; being ripe alp** the 
middle of Auguft. .:.•••.,>.' 

IBOurMT^ (Fr. in C<»k*r>) Veal- Stake? lofted up 
with thin fat Slices of Bacon and Gammon. 
- )F0Uft*, Infia^s breeding in Malt, ottonrfife 
call'd PVeevils and Popes. 

HBotWfcfo (in old Latin WriKis) an Chfhoufe, 
or Ox-ftal! ; a Cow-houfe, or Neat-houfe, 

y&fflmtUBj a young Steer, or cat Bullock 

JButtCuIa, an Heifer, or young Cow. 

IBOllitattt, (Fr. in Ceekery) Kttte Pies \m*di 
of the Breafts of roafted Capons, or Pnlkty 
mine'd fmall with Calves^Udder, Bacon, fijvtit 
Herbs, &c. v 

DSoutBtt^ Iroth made of fevewtl fett 6f bbfled 

15ctrtna Jfame^ See Buiimus. *' . . 

IBoun, an old Word for ready. ^> 

S5oungrate, a Sea* word. Stfe Bontrtceu ; 
)i5btmDar^, chat which fervei to fA out che ii- 

qpirs or Bounds of a Country. •« »' y 4 t. 

S5ouitt(OU0 cr XBottnttfuU liberal, ftnpreti* 

free.' «, l0 

H90UIKP, Generofitv, Liberality. .*:i»ao-^ 

To IBlJuTH, (old Word) *» joke, or^ft^ ,, 
', 3Bft1ltljeptft, (Fr- in.-Gsf4jp>) ** V^^'4^6^ 

i /tf Bourgeoife, i f r. after the City-Faihtoci , ; 
t Vea^ 

Digitized by 






Vetl-Stakct larde^, feafthVtf *ith Spjfce r andifttfitfd 
with th# Slices bf Bk<m. - -- • K 

f Td c JRwrglill > to bttd^ to (hoot, to'fttt^brth 
Bud* ~- a * : * 

jBcwm, "(i!W*> Ac^tad of a FoanOin, or 
SpHifg 4 ? * Rivulet, or Brook: Whence it i* ad- 
-ded co the Names of fefrctal Towns feated on 
Brooks ; as Sittingbourn^jko* 
... To IBftftfc See TFo Vowfo. 

SftWtr*tl, (Fr.; a Wilfcl Firer qf Honfes f -a 
Fire-brand of Sedition, a Sower of Diffenfion and 
Stfik: . : ^ , ,,<> •..•'• 
i. IBftitjOtf* a Button for a Garment, a Button, or 
Bud of Plants ; a Pimplfe, cir Rifing in the Skin : 
In 004*7,, a Dilh of Bards, or thin Sliced of Ba- 
con, covered with a Farce and Ragoo, *nd bak'd 
between two Fires 

iBflte, an Inftrument for fhooting Arrows. Al- 
fo a Mathematical Inftrumenr, formerly us'd by 
Sea men, to take the Height of the Sun : Alfo a 
Beam of Wood or Bi-afs, with three long Screws 
that diredk a Lath of Wood or Steel to any Arch ; 
being commonly us'd to make Draughts of Ships, 
Projections of the Sphere, &c. 

^6otD or UDF*boto, (Country-word) a Yoke for 
Oxen, G?c. 

H50tD Of 3 ?Mp 5 is her broadeft Part before, 
beginning at the Loof and comparing Ends of the 
Srem, and ending at the Stefnmoft Pare of the 
Fore-Caftle ; If a Ship has a broad Bow, it is call'd 
a bold Bow, and if its Bow be narrow and thin, 'tis 
term'd a lean Bow. 

3iBrtuVattet)01S* See Bowers. 

HBOto'beater* an under Officer in a Foreft, fworn 
to be true to the Mafter of the Foreft, and to give 
Notice of all Trefpaffes done either to Vert or Ve- 
nifon. TI1 

^BbHfett, (imong Sea-men) that Piece of Or- 
dinance which lies in the Bow of a Ship. < > 

JBl*%ft. Set Bolt.ffrit. v 

5B0tottS or Wfd&WWt fucb Anchor* as are 
carry d in the Ship's Bow; which are ufually 
wo in Number; and call'd the Firft and Second 

Rafter or IBtiW&h (in Faleonry) a young Hawk 
fo dainM* when fee draws any thing out of her 
Ncft, and covets to clamber on the Boughs. 
- *1Brotafc» i Sei-Term) a Rope fafttfu'd to the mid 
die of t£?Ottt-fide of a* Sail*' which ferves to make 
it ftand dofer by the Wind. 

1 JBotefft flf Court* ' See Bouche of Court. 

ttOtofcT, (old Word) a Body, the Bciy, or the 
Stomach. '" 

IBttoL, a round Ball of Wood, to play within a 
Bowling-Green ; alfo a kind of Veflei, of Gup to 
drink out oft In a Sh% it if a round Space at $he 
Head of a Maft fot the Men to ftand in. 

Bottling, er rather fl5*to4tt1? 7 is a Rope made 
ftft to the Lcetch, or middle Part of the out-fide of 
a Sail, by two, three, or four caber Ropes like a 
Crow's-foot, which is termed the Bowling-Bridle ; 
the Ufe of it being to make the Sails ftand (harp, 
or clofe, or by a Wind. 

' JWjatp tl» imiir ffrtPlttigs, $ai* txp or fa 

taught tije aBotoliKg, are Sea-Phrafes, us'd when 
the Bowling is to •bepfiUVl'tip harder, or hafd for- 
wards on : And To eafi, cbetl^, or run up tb$ Bow- 
ling, is'toiet it out fnoife flack* 

iJWW^IttlOt, a kind of Knot that will not 
flip, by which the Bowling-Bridle is faften'd to the 
jCrengles. .'••■:.' 

To iBotDfr, to drink ftoutly : Among Sailers* 
to hale, or pull : Thus haling upon a Tack, is 
call'd Bowfing up** the^Tac^ ; and when they 
#dul* havfe the Men *£*!! *U together, they *ry, 

i }£tftDfct\ the-Purftr^rTi5faffltt^f fif>Mv$t& 
in the UmiTerfiiy;»7 ; ~m- , lf ij .«> > ^.^u/ji,,;, 

JBotofillg, (in Falconry) is when a Hawk" drinAa ^ 
often, >et continually chtfftfe ft* alorcv ^fr.ffir^® 

XBotoper, a Maker of, or SeUerjof flows a*(Mkf- K 
rowi. ■ i > .. ■ ,, fc ,T!«Mloi»J-r>7 ; ' 

JBor, a Wooden Co&r, or Gh«fts ^Jfofhe Wood , 
of the Box-tree Shrub, which ferv^ foftjnaay JJks. 

1BQU is alfo takea for an uncertain Qmnmy of ,'■ 
(bme Commoditier; as of PruneJlofi^ \4 Founds, -.$j 
of Quick-filver, from one to two Hundred Weight-j > \ 
of Rings for Keys, tUro Grols, f$c. 

l&MC §m JdrtBte, a fmall Compafe.apply'd to.i, 
theodolite, or other. Mathematical Inftrument,' ; 
and us'd in Surveying, (ft?. To find out the Siou \ 
ation of any Place, by the pointing of #ne Had of 
the Needle touched with the Load- it one towards the 
N^«A* ; , ..j ■ •.• : 

IBopau, CFrJ a Gut, or Bowel : In Fortification, 
a Ditch bordered with a Parapet^ or Brcati-wofk, 
and drawn from one Trench to another,, for better v 
Communication : Alfo a Line, or particular Cut, 
that runs from the Trenches to cover fome Spot of 
Gnaund, and is drawn parallel to the Works and 
Fences of the Place : It is otherwifc reaped w * Branch 
of the Trenches. 
i To IBttWMf, to wrangle or brawl. . 

IBrabpia* (Gr.) plums, Damafin, or Dajnasfc- 

jBratCO, (in old Lrffi* Writers) a large Btct 
Hound, or Hunting- Dog. 

D0race, is tonmonly taken foe a Couple, or Pair, 
and apply 'd by Huatfmen to certain Beaftacf Gamd; 
as A Brace of Bucltf, Marcs, Faxes, 6cc. And a -Brace 
of Gray. hounds is the proper Term for two. > 

25ratt, is alfo a kind of Meafure us'd in /**£ 
which at Leghorn k equal to a Engliflo fills 3 at Ati* 
,/4» # to 2. 3. ; and at Venice, to 1. 96. 

In Ar*hiti&mc> IBttECt} is ao Iron (h#t ftti^^o 
fallen Beams, or a Cramp-iron to hold Stones 00^ 
gether. In the Art of Bmnting, a particular Mark,* 
to joyn feveral Words or Sentences. ' . i 

ificatCB, (in a Ship) are Ropes belonging, to at} 
the Yards, except the Miffm, two te fach Yatd^ 
and their Ufe is to fquare the Yard, i. e* to iet ^ 
fquare, or even a-crofs the Ship. » . . . . 

••ttami or#atallBtticei if n Ceacfj, arc jcblck 

Thongs of Leather^ which fecv^to;hang it up. 

To Wtm tfy fParfi, (in Sea.Lang«age) is "^ 
bring the Yard to either Side. r 1 

Hfcanfe* faften'd together, or joyn'd with a 
Brace ; buckled : In Heraldry, a Term us'd Wlbe 
intermingling of three €bevronels\ zsiAqitr^ 4 chief 
Or, and three Chevronels traced in the Bnfc cf th* 

Bracelet* ( Fr. ) an Ornament for W|>axn s 
Wrifts ; alio a Piece of defcnfive Armour, aaci- 
enrly made ufe of to cover the Arm : In fome pld 
Records, Bracelets are taken for Hounds, or Beagles 
of the fmaller and flower kind. 

IBraCCnartUtf, (in ancient Latin Deeds) the 
Huntfman, or Mafter of the Hounds. 

25ramU0 or JBracfjetll0> the Beagle, or fmaller 

HBracfl, a Bitch, or Female Dog. . , ,, ; 

matfaw€fUmm> (l^in An#.) a Mxfci* 
of the Cubitus, or Elbow, which >|eenis to be ^ 
third beginning of the Gemellus^ and is injfercc^ 
with it in^tbe Cavity, or Hollow o£ the Shpjiw^p 
bone which receives the Qlecramwm* » i > , ; .,' 1 , TJ .j.i 

15rac|)feU8 3dltmitt^ is *Mnfi:Ie ^^^i% 
which arifes from the toner ^paff ofyg^^ulf 
der-bohe at the Infertion of the tWutfefamd. 
Ceracofaacbiati* AWfclcs &,. and /r)fMl!rtW1^f t© 
the Upper, and Foteija^ of !f^ j^tm, £$+ 
]Vlna. ^i\W1Vji fc'lU- 


Digitized by 




cW Kufclcs. i. c. thofe that fervent* incad she m { JBraitea (HrOna, (L*f.) Ftajgeri ASK 
Bratjtale* CWft^ *« Wrift j alto a Bracelet^ k itfemhle the Fore feet of aB«5 

ortfa^^WW^ibiiftd.^ v .hM & :v*Ufo?J 

J3rac$toltlttl, a little Arm : AJfo a Member of 
a ^WeaiUtfik J^ftrieriitot ite'd upon Astrolabes* 
Cfr.^ Art<^ r «itWTbdw4jr tirade of Draft, with , feverai 
Jd^ts|^I^UbeiBn&0* ft>int may* be fee to any 
Degfe^erfUW Aftftilabe :' Whence by Englifh Wri- 
ter^%1s /, tcfefl*ttte^ caH ? d a Crtefimg Index 

IgC a Cln um, (in ^*f.) a Member of the Body 
thir tWifts 'of toe Arm, property fo. cilTd^ihe 
CriBfc'-bf Blbo*? and the Hand : Alfoan Arm, or 
Boftgti ft* "a Tree ; a Branch. ^ , , • 

^SB?a(t)PCHtaleCtOI?, (<*>-.) a Gw4 or L^ri'ii Verfe, 
that kit* a Syllable wanting in the End. 

JSracbPgtapbP, the Art of Writing Short-Hand, 
or v ^WA^ns- 

sWtfrf)|HB5!^ Brevity, or Shortners of Speech ; 
a^H(r onftiort Expreilion. 
; J lftartiW, a kind of Stay in Timber-work. A- 
m<JngS&ipwrights, Brackers are thofe fmail Knees, 
o£f*iece3oiP Wood which ferve to iupporr-thc iial- 
Ictiet^atidthc ^Timbers that bear up the Grating* 1 
in. the Head of a Ship are like wife fo call'd. 

y&catbtibi /bwewhat fab . - as Brockjjh Wt&m. 

TOWfoisn*, IBratmuu, or JBramtma, a Se&pf 

Philofophere in JinA*, who live only upon Herb* 
and Fruits ; fo skilful in Aftrology, that chey an 
foretell the* iiclipfcs to a Minute. * . 

iSWWiflaV &*$ flow Digeftion, procrecBtfg 
frfctft ah ill EMpofition of the Stomach* •' .,* 
*#t%g#H* dr'JBKafffttorfliO, a bragging, vain- 
glorious Fellows •«•••• * ; ' ••-.-% 

JBtaggtt, a kind of Drink* made of Honey arid 

Sf*te, much *Vd in Wale\ Che/hire, and lanca^ 

Aire. . ■ ' <*/ - < ..>■" -^ 

c3 J6Wt&> a ftnatttace, a Chain, pr Edging ; alfo 

.a'XcMf^or Wtrftfof Hair. ^ \« .. •- -;« . 4 ,t>. 

IBltttUl, (Saa^rat) fmall Ropes put through 
Blocks, or Pulleys faften'd on either Side of the 
Tftsi J Jfr*liavd*4y >cothe dawn tfefcre thev Sails of 
aSnib ; t&eir- Ufe being when tfe, Sail isiufled 
i^cr^, ttf hale -aff ks Bun^ that it may be die, 
more readily taken up,i«r Jet f*H; » ,.ir.uf 

Expreffion asTd by Seamen, when«hcy woula^ba** 
iffc Bails^liRd^Jp^W border to be faded, of. :bodnd 
dofe to the Yard. ' -f ...i ;>*-.'•*■ j 

* Antfp^'Cin^ spheral Senfe) figntfies aft the Wt 
Sd^flinte' f/ d&nt«fneA within the whole ScuH $ 
&h\\h £e**es foi Breeding the Animal Spirits^ &e. 
2nd 'difehirge* them into the Nerves, or Sinews : 
See Cerebrum and Cerebellum : Bmi'h is alfo Figura- 
tiv^ taliert for Wit #r Judgment, 
•i-^R> Bt^fttCWe, to da(h out his Brains. 
•^IBW^ry^^O • U^c Coal, burning Coal : In 
GoWcefy, 5^ tfet, or Meat drefsVi i la Braife, is 
either Meat broil'd upon live Coals, or elfe bak'd 
hi* Pe^ Jan, 5 or*- Campaign-Oven, between two 
Fires, one underneath, and the other on the Top 

SBratt, a rough Diamond. 

IBrafef , Female Fern, an Herb, or the Place 
%»he^it?^rdws ; rffo : a (harp Bit, or Snaffle >for 
rtor^s y-' AKd an Inftrument with Teeth, us'd in 
bftn^cFlir.dr Hemp; alfo a Baker's Kneading 
Ti&BfcB? -^tri^nf Sei-men, it is taken for the 
Handle of a ShV^ftlttip* . ;>v > 

^ari<i» 5 ^e4'«^^>fa«j^n^ »;:•- *y<u *•.: 

' :; 15faflAigR f>\4€kly Shrubs, wfaofe Fruit fceve 
^fee^r^»*d^^' .-' •:: '■«'i;t .Ki: - -..».;-:-. 
™ iferflllAbWtet, 4^kind of # Net to^catch Birds 
i^W, ^W* t£ of^-fevefgl- -Siies, aand ptherwife 
called a 7f4i?iVr. 

I IBramk aBoughof ^^e^fce'Stqflkof aJEtsiS " 
gree ; a branched Candle-fti*, or ^h?% qGl^ . 
aifo the Hams of a Sta.a-l^d, . ^"t * ^ 

iSrancbrpcarc, a kind of Puife. „ "JL Xt* i 

IBranC^aanD, a Term in F4/c«ir^ Wteh5&«i^ 
fies, to make a Hawk take *he Br?nf$^Qr^p 
from Tree to Tree, 'till the Dog fprings'the j£r- 
tridce ""*' 

: To'jIBrwicjjorB^oufe:^ 

mtoBraaches; . ti| r . , * rTT 

Is a Deer's* Head is. > * 

IBrancfarDtldteu is Yolvet wrought wkli 

gures, relembJing Branches, or Leaves.,/ J. '- 
ISrancbcr, a young Hawk, or oxter Jpir^ that 
is newjy come out of the Neft, anc^ begins \o t By 
trom one Branch or Bough to anothen ±j I 

JlSranfftllS, (G>.; aHoarfenefs in^e.^f^.,., 
. It^raitt, a Piece of' bu^n^ WpocL ^ Mark' 
made with a,red4u* Iroai a Note oil6fainfc' r Qt 
Diliracet Tt ' 

»anb^»rroc;i»amiepflft l a 

Fowl, fojnftjpfyu kfeojb^ 1 ? ■ W ordinary , Gjj»fe; to 
jcall'd ffon^rfhe JfW* Co(oiwv ( lifce ^ bum^fpgal, pP 
itsBrfiaft^ncl^iftgs, . * ,<, .» y^')., , 

ilSranfcfq^ ^ Jb^t Iron, to; ,b^fnd, 9r fet^a^ark' 
on a Malefactor : Alfo a Trever, 9A ?QC^ Jf on jjq;, 
fee a Veffcl on over the Fire, , , ^ H \ hR ^i' ^ 
; Toieewm^CFOtoftuke^^w 
Hand ;. &..Jo Mrandt/h m Sxvor4. 

in j .- 

> 3U5ranOUnfif> the uew-woru^ a, 
jbait Fifli wuh. 

J ISratldriC^j a Rail or Fence about 
:prevent onajs felling injKOJtt. ., \ -^ . 

H5ranDp,' a well known StrongrWater^ 
Wine,, orTiijs; Lees Diftilled. t . ^h^^- 

! To IBratlflle* to bicker or quarrel, to Eira^ M 
, IBtanfe, a fort of Grain, th^t dejigj^s j$ft mm 
Land, and is ctherwife call"d Buck- wheat, or French 
Wheat. • < • A . 4 *.a-; / . »hutV 4 n fti* > 
; BrantefflS&t, anH«b ; 5ee j^^,jt^^>nii 

Bears-br?t$«,, ■. < r ; c ,u«:r>*. e . f r v .k, 

3IBraftfij>^Te4an in HirslJr/ , * Jbru Ctyffjmds 
Br*fed, Le* three Kids p^Ung one anof Ect" crofe^ 
wife... , . -m: .... ■*, n : > i^ . * 

ilEra(iat02 > (in ancient Statutes) t is ukeq ; ^a 
Brewer, and ftiil for aMalfter, - ioi'? ^ 

H5rafiatrtr, a Brewing-Woman, or finale 
Brewer-v •;£ .- • «. ,„ thVt 

IBtaGU one of the Pro vine es of Pcruvisn, or Sou- 
thern 4m**ic*:> Alfo a kindpfjecj, he^y Wood 
brought from thence, which, foon coofujnes in the 
Fire, without fmoakingiHad ia muchjis'i.ty Dyers, 
for the Dying of Red, or (jSfyplet Colouri/ 

tttafftia or «fa0narta, (in old Latin Deeds) a 
Brew-Hqufe. ./ « ;3 , . 

VrafiUIII) Malt, proper for the Makin| of 
Drink. , . w n . , , P 

Vrafmatta*, CGrJ a kind of Earth-guakc, when 
the Btfd* moves direAly upwards, -*-*.#] ' - 

®rffe, a mix'd Metal ma4e orjpppper # by 
means of the Stone call'd LafisSakminarfa. 

IGraflttS, CFa.; a .Pje^a.^f ^ Arino^r ,,for xhe 
Armfc ;. ( ^. . , , ■ ,1 u ^ ;- , 

IBrattiCa, Hat) Cole, Cole-wort, or CoUiflow; 
er y a well known Plant. BraJficaCafUa^^Cf}> 
bage. . . . ^{ ^ \ k 

To Vralf^ (old Word) to break, ; , ., ( r 
. ®rat^.a beggarly Jhitlten A a,rfe^hiW. , H . 

»IJll}|BuV Ctyaa.) a .T^nglwoWi 4^*,^: 
fting, or vapouring. 

Digitized by 


B R 

B R 

3I6rafof, (Fr.) valiant, couragious, ftour, gallant ; 
skitifvil, able, excellent, rare. 

/tafcc or Jfa!fC'Sta\3C, a Bully, a Hectoring 
Fellow, a Swaggerer. 

To )H5rafcf , to ad the Brave; to dare, to affront, 
to he 

25ratKrP, Valour, Courage, Gallantry. 

liStatJia, an Ifland in America, under, or near 
which Manners report the Sea to be deepeft. 

ato!, Difpute or Squabble : Alfo a kind of 
Dance, in which feveral Perfons dance together in 
a Ring, holding one another by the Hand. 

To X3ratDl, to chide, to wrangle, or fcold. 

15taft)fo 5 hard Flcfli ; alfo a fort of fous'd Meat 
made of boar's Flefli ; as A Collar of Brawn. 

BraiDnr, fall of Brawn or Sinews ; flefhy, lu- 
fty f Itrong. 

3EraV, (Fr.) Back-clouts for young Children. 

WtBV jfallt, (in Fortif) a falfe Trench made to 
hide the real one. See Falfe Bray. 

To iStflt*, to bruife or pound in a Mortar ; to 
temper .He, as Printers do ; aw to maw a none, 
or cry 'fixe, an Afe * 

m JBtapfr, an tnffrixment for the braying or rem- 
pering of Ink; 

lira Pi, (in Fakonry\ a PanQel, of Pieci of Lea- 
ther flit, to binH lip a M'aWk's Wirrg. 

To JlSra JC, to cover, or do over with Brifs* 

iBrajm, belonging to, or faatfe of Brafs. 

3£ta Jtcv, one thatmakes or fells Brafs Ware. 

igtrarb, a breaking of Peade or frrfenifflhip, a 
Falhngour : In a Fortify *d Place, the Ruin of any 
Part of the Works beat down with Cartoon, or 
blown up by Mines, in ordet to ftortn the Place, 
or take it byAffault. To clear the Breach, is to 
take away the Rubbito of it : 'Tis alfo faid, Make 
%ocd, or^ Fortifie. the Breach j Mal{e a Lodgment on 
the Breach, cVo, 

v y$*&P •£ Ctcat or Xffte, is one of thofe forts 
mentioned in the Statute of Affiie %i #.3. and 
may anfwer to that which we now call Houfhold- 
Bread. - " 

ffircaa^mm, (In a. Ship; the Place where the 
Bread and fiisket are kept. 

TolBteafc H5uife-> (in SeaLanguage)]sto;take 
Part o£th£ Ship's Cargo : or Lading out of trie Hfeld. 

To IBfCak tfJrOHtU),, (in Fortif.) is to open the 
Trenches, or to T>egin the Works for carrying-on 
a Siege 4bour a Town or "Fort. 

ffittflhtfcat Wett^i.c. cut up that Piece of Ve- 
ffifon brdWgHr to the Table r aPhrafe us'd by expert 
Carvers : In the fame Senfe they al(b fay, Breal^ 
that Sored or *fiaL 

Wmbittg<& a £0te r a Term in Muftck: Sie 

Tranfitim. * 

~ VSXtwk^ a Frfli, of which there are two forts, 
onefburidin freto, and tKe other in fait Water - y 
yet trot irrach diftlciguim'd in f Shape, Nature, or 
Tafte: /There \s alio a SealBream, otherwife call'd 
JjOto4o'\ which See. 

hollow Spaces, in an Animal Body, which contains 
the Heart and Lungs. 

; ll^aMtafcetg, (Sea-Term) the bigg|ft and 
longeft Gdskjii, which ! afe a fort of Strings placd 
"in the Middle of tne Yard. 

IBflMtf^ft, *a Rope faften'd to fome Part of 
a Ship fprward on, to Ijold ber Head to a Warp, 
/or.tbe like, ./ 

1&xititl$&MhB, (rn a Ship) are the Compaffing- 
Timbevs before, , which help to ftrcpigtheh her Stem, ' 
and all her Ij pre- part 

^rri3fl/JBatn, a Difeafe in ttorfes, proceeding . 
:ft>m Superfluity of ttbbti, "and other profs'"' fin- ] 

Jrean^ltg rf a p&tp* See Brooming. 

Steatt Or -Ct)f ft 5 orie of the Three Venters, or 

iBtPaft.pough, (in Husbandry}** kind of 
Plough driven with one's Brcait, and corrmtc : 
us'd co pare the Turf in denfhiring or bum-tx . 
ing of Land. 

ffrraiMffopo*, (in a Ship) ihofe Ropes which 
fatten the Frames caliM Panels, to the Yards, and 
rogether with the Panels hold the Yards faft to 
the Malts. 

IStcafl toOlU, (in Fort if.) the fame with Para- 
pt ; which See. 

$5t£CCa, fin old Latin Deeds,) a Breach - Decay, 
or any other Want of Repair. 

ISrcffe, (old Word) a Bruife. 

Horecfe or WtRC fe ? a Gap in a Hedge. 

HB*CDe, (old Word) a Breadth ; alio broad'. 

To JEteDffCn, ( old Word ) to abridge, or 

JiSrcDtDttf, (Sax. Law-Term) an Impofltion of 
Amerciaments or Fines, for Defaults in the Aifizc 
of Bread. 

IBmcll, the Back-fide or Fundament : In Gun- 
yterj, tne mndermoit Part of a Piece of Ordi- 

iBt&tfjfttf^ (among Sea- men) are Ropes't>y 
which they lalli fiift, or fatten the Guns tq ihe 
Ship's Side*. 

J5r&&, a frefh Gale of Wind, blowing fionukc 
Sea or Land* for fome certain Hours or the £>aV 
or Night : AHb the <5ad-fly, or Horfe4y, an McSL 
See Bribes. 

Jgrfgma or S5ret^ma f (Gr.) the Fore-part of 
the Head*, or the Fore-head-Bone, according to 
fome Writers. 

yBt$m y a Tertn us'd in trfland for a Judge; 
whence the Irifh Law is call'd the frehon^txw. , 

H^tftnt, (old Word) ftirioufly. 

Bttrt, (old Word) burnt. 

315ret, 13rut, orJBurt, a Fiftt of the Turbot-. 

Igttftopfe or yBittBte, the Law of the Marches 
heretofore io Ufe among the Britain: , or Wdjh- 

H5rete, (JL4f. La^-word) a Writ direded to 
the Chancellour, Judges, Sheriffs, or other Officers, 
and fo call'd becaufe the Intention of it is exprefs^d 
in few Words, Alfo a Mufical Nc^e, which in 
in corhmon lime, contains twoSemiJlrews^XoQX 
jXffnims, eight Crotchets, &c. T 

'Wtttst Ifcttjtmtec, to ptrrV:!»afe a "Writ or Li- 
cenfe of Tryal in the King's Court by the Plain- 
tiff : Whence ti*e prefent Cuftom of paying fix 
Shillings and er£ht Pence where the Debt is 40 
Pounds, and ten Shillings where the Debt is icq 
Torinds ; and fo upwards in Soies for Money due 
upon Bond. 

IBttfjt De #tltt«. See Safpiicavh. 

31grrtC beWertO, a Writ of Right, or liceafe 
for a Perfon ejected, to fue for the Poffeffion of an 
Eftate detained from him. 

H5tCtJr ffla0, (in Anat.) a fhort VeflTel or V«in 
which paffes from the Stomach to the veiny Branch 
of the Spleen. 

y&titifaty, a kind of Popifli Mafc-book fo call'd. 

ilEitfttiate, an Extract or Copy of a Procefs, 
Deed/or Writing,' comprifed in few \Vords, . 

mttWbim ffifQt tflttr f tbtranotd^ aWritor>fan- 
date to a Sheriff, Vequiring him to deliver to the 
new Sheriff choferi ifVhis Room, tbe-Couqty, yritlji 
the Appurtenaftcesi Rolls, Briefs; and all <*ber 
Things belonging to that Office. t '. 

OBrrtfet or HBtetXirr, a fmall &rr of Prating. 
iLeitter. • ' - ; .•; ] » --.-.. T 

Srrtbl ^llftttji^ (according &fomZ&p*o- 
mical Writers} isr^a Mufde of-*\#.<1Culitu^ wijach 
h % efps to ftretcb**ft -the Arm for«tar(*| :♦ Alfi*£ne 

of , 

Digitized by 



of the Mufcles of the Radius, ferving to turn the 
Paim of rhc Hand upwards. 

3St£t)ttT>, Bricfnefs, or Shortnefs of Expreifion. 

firtlofe or 1Btftrt0, fin. Cookery) a Meis of 
rhin Slices of Bread, ioak'd in the Fat that fwims 
on Portage. 

To HBzibty to corrupt with Gifts. 

jn.wn^ tike Aci of Bribing, or Tampering : 
According td the Law-Definition, it is an high 
Gfibce, when way Man belonging cot Court of 
Juftice, or great Officer, takes any Fee, Pennon, 
Gift; or Reward, ;fbr doing his Office, of any Per- 
fon, except the King only. 

IBrtfHK*, (Law-Terif) they that pilfer, filch, or 
CBibttrle other Men's Goods. 

To Ifcifntfl) to hold in .one's Chip proudly, to 
bridle it. 

jBrfcol* or IBrtCfeQl, (Fr.) the Rebound of a Ball, 
after a Side-ftroke at T*rfnis-pky. Briwis are alfo 
fatcfriy ibme ro be Engines formerly us'd to Matter 
che Walls of Towns, or Qaftle*. 

TQ/tiStiClAt, to give a Brictkj to pafs a Ball, to 
toft tt (ide- ways. 

jEfrtO&U belonging to a Bride ; as A Bridal Bed, 
s BrtdM Song;* See; 

ffittDfc, a new-marry'd Woman. 

OSBttDt toffl, a noted College and Hofpital. in 
flrc^prett, London, in the Pactfh of St. Bridget, 
ajias Bride, founded by King Edward VI. where 
riecenltons and idle People ftroMing about,' ar# 
fee co work, and maintained with Cloathiog and 
Diet, 'till thef can be ; conveniently . fentk with 
Paffc to their Native Country. To this Holpi- 
tal divers hopeful Lads are alio put .Apprentices, 
vHto prove afterwards honeft and fubftanxial Citi- 
zens : Here fiftwile fancy aad incorrigible Ser- 
vants, Night-walkers, Smnnpcn, (3d ate put 
co hard Labour, and according to their Offences, 
receive daily a certain Number of Stripes at the 
<3overnour s Difcretion. Whence other Honfes 
«*r> porre&ioa 'a» alfo generally! call'd .by that 
Name. . • - > 

VhltKfi *t IBoatt, (in the Art of War) are Cop- 
yet* Boats; joytfd -Side by Side, 'till they reach 
i-crofs a River, and cover'd with Planks, to make 
-alT plain for the Men to toafceb upon. 

^BrtBgC Of JKufytA, * Bridge made of great JJun- 
'Aes of Rnfoes,' which being bound together, have 
Planks fatten d on them, and are (o laid over 
^fcajeBies, or boggy Places, for the Horfefnd Foot 
W&atthover. • 

' u: PrafeMfttOgt, * Bridge made fiift only at oneEujd 
toftli Hinges, fo that the other End may be lifted f 
*$p, and diet* the Bridge ftandi upright, to, hinder 
" the^Taflageof a Moat or Ditch. 

Jloattttttdtttoge. See Ponton. 

iTtpi^^igt 9 is made jof two fnjall Bridges laid 
--One over the other*; fo that the uppermoft ftretches, 
J| and funs: out by means of c&xx%y\ Cords running 
thro* Pnllies plac'd along the Sides of the under 
Bridge, whkh pofli it forwards, "till the. End of it 
ft^d'thi Place it is defign'd ro be fbted in. Flying- 
bridges are alfo be carry'd upon ,Ri vers, but 
4 4tef am" onry^ great Boats with Planks and all 
Tlmgt neceflkry for joyning and making a Bridge 
in a Very fldort Tfcne, *& Ooofion requires ; 
;ci iBrtBW*Otev' See Bright*. , 
! To IgrtWf, to keep in aHorfe with the Bridle, 
*<* fciiiia^oCjcu* one f s Baffionsw. „ To Bridle it,, 
r ^hWwt*be QaViato the Neck, as Women are* 
-faid to da - . » ♦ ',-, 

i* J fi5ttef£ flwt/aifc, or cowutxm, 

A jH3rt*f 5 (Law Term) an Order iffuing, out of 

3} €tikn&*fl o* fi»me other Cfi«iiy «H*nunding the 

d:? SfcirilF n t» Su«mto f o* Afoitft A % to anfwer the 

,n $dW't>f A '*But'ic u mote largely taken for any 

Procefs of the King, in Writing, under Seal, re 
quiring any Thing ro be done foe. the Furtherance 
or good Order ; and more -cfpeci ally Lerters- 
Patent, granted to poor Sufferers by Fire, or other- 
wife ; for collecting the charitable Benevolence of 
well difpofed People. 

; In Mufic^ a IBrtff is fuch a Meafure of Qua- 
lity as contains two Strokes d^wn in beats 
and as many up ; and it is maked thus ( 

H3rtgft, (in old Latin Records) 
Quarrel, Strife. 

IBtfgatK, a confiderable Party, or jbivJn^no£ 
a Body of Soldiers; which according 'to, the Francb 
Way of Reckoning, is of two forts, *»r. either 
Part of an Army, or elfe a Divifion of a Troop of 
Horfe. r . 

yStigm Of an £rtltf>, is a Party *f Hjde> or 
Foor, of no fixed Number or Force ;for»Rfc bri- 
gade of Horfc may confift of eigh^ ten,, or twelyp 
Squadrons, and that of Foot of four, five, or fix 
Batallions. After this manner an Army is feme-; 
times divided into eight Brigades, four of Horfe, 
and as many of Foot. 

25rtffafie Of a Xroop Of f^fe, is the third Pare 
of it, when it does not exceed forty or fifty Men j 
but if the Troops be a hundred ftrong, it is ©iiallj; 
divided into fix Brigades. " , ' 

Brigadier, the Officer tnar commands a Brigade; 
Brigadeers Qf the Army march at the Head of their 
refpedive Brigades, and are next in Command to 
the Majors General. 

Btigat% a RoSbcr, a High- way-Man^ a Va^ar 

li&rigantline, an old-falhion'd Coat of Ma! ; a>- 
kind of Armour, with many Plates and Joynts. 

^SriganUO, the ancient Name of thofe Peoi' 
pie that inhabited a great Part of the North of 
England ; as Torl^fhire, Hjcbmond-fbiTe, Lancafhire, 
the Biftioprick ot Durham, Cumberland, ^ and ffM- 

HBrtgantine, a fmall light Veffei; or %iiic^ 
rjiat can both Row aad Sail well ; proper either 
for Fighting or giving Chace : Jt has about ten, 
twelve, or fifteen Benches for the Rowers, and aft 
the Hands a-Board are Soldiers, fo that every one 
has his Musket ly ing ready under his Oar. 

Krigbote, ftrurbbotr, or jfrntfmtr, (Sax.) a 

Contnbnuon made toward the mending, or rebuild, 
ing of Bridges: Alfo an Exemption from that Tri- 
bute by a Charter from the King. 

To )!5rMjt, " See To Br in.' 

%tV0Sm f an Ordet of Religious 'Prions; 
founded by a Princels of Sfieden, narrfd Brigidia, 
or Bridget. 

HBrfape, (old Word) Quarrel, Difpute. 

IBrutartt, (^Fr.) glittering, fparklin^, ihining, 

A 3l5rtOant, a Diamond artificially cut by the 

JlPrint, the utmoft Edge of any Thing, as of* 
Glafs, Plate, Hat, t^c. Brim of a Flower, is tl*e 
. outward Edge of it, or that Part which turns. 

To ISttltl, a Sow is (aid to Brim, and to go to 
Brim, that is ready to take Boar. 

Brimtmr, a Glafi, or Cup of any Liquor filled 
up to the Brim. 

BttmflOne, a Mineral, confining of 4 Tubal 0^ 
ly Fat, harden'd by the Heat of the Sun.' 

Wtimttmfamtj a kind of Herb. 

IBriHf, Salt Liquor, or Pickle : Alfo a Poetical 
Word for the Sea ; as 7B# foaming Brine. 
, liEtine^tDatf t, a Salt-water, which being boiled 
turns ihto Salt. 

IBttngCt^up, (a Term in the Art of War) the 
whole laft Rank of a Batallion drawdiiD ; being 
L |he hindmoft Men of e Very File. 

L - -— •- • u ■■■ ■■■• • • ** 

Digitized by 




of tte 


fprigntly, jbviil, mer-J 

M# *f «&*;'■■' : v 

i;*J>*irt& of Grotadt&it has ttfctong tm 

JBrUfc, vigorous, 

%fetf«eti 'Atf «i4l of the 8r#4ft foKich lies next) 
tfcc^ift ; as A &&(**# Beef. 
- Q flWflte>Wlfc, *4&rt of Flies, fotae oT tfhich 
have 0ne Bjrift^. others two, and others three, or 
four in their Tail. 

•"'ffAHrot' BtttWW, {BMf. a bright or mining 
place) a pleafant and well traded City, feated 
pittSf In iorherf&jhfr}, and p*rtty in Gtoucefttr- 
Jhire. " 

JBtttttto J^tt^OlC^ aPfeWer (o call'd. 
#rtW^Wl*SJ i*ind of foft Diamonds, abun- 
dance of which aft foond afeoiit the Rock near 
Brifiht, feting fedjj^ftty artificially in a hollow 
fort of Flint. ' 

JBrtfilW, * "Tttta-'ttftl if tlkTrkcb Heralds, 

-fb¥ aft Addition f§ a Coat of Arms, fdr theDi- 

Vm&& W*dfa£tikm> ind Battards ; as 

a LabeL Half-moon^ Mullet\ &&. In fortifidati- 

-*n ll1 S* Knfc ^afewh iNfci ftur to five Fathom, 

which is aJlQw'd to the Cour tin and Orittori, tq 

; *Mfe Afc &*w 7»*£ 6t to covfcf dfe conceal'd 

Flanks. •'•"- "'' ' J,t3 jr '^ ■••' '" 

a ttfctitte efKrefcmtfkP ; 

tffl or ^tt4Brtt«!h\ thVNa«fe<rfth^ 

_ afad, Vohtafclng 7 JJrtj&f*, ^Strftei^ and 

-jtafri^^fts fo card from the BrfttJhWpr^Britb, 

«!.« FS&hJjed>nd the6ldr^rre]tr4mV r *t»tfntry ; 

beqmfe the firft Inhabitants us'd to Flint ttfeirtftre 

TiS^ith Wt*£of Picftunes, reputing ah* 

5$** bfT-ivtng- Creatures, Flowers; xSc. conceit-; 

JdBift&it mad^^thttn appear the more terrible to 

their Enemies. ' 

!T ^D|i^niflff9 35retaotte<> orBriKi^Vffl&oni 

* Wffil iFfWmifes 6f France, anciently nam's A m* 

fyi&j*4Mti^htii&cm Maud was firft ^Peopled ~f as 

is evident from the Language, Laws, CuRotos^q 

Buildings of both NIKons. > n ' rj '^ 

WtttVftCI, grat Vater^dotk, an^WW)^ Gni 

Jar/Virtue igainft the Scurvy, ; bleetWrtr Af Vhej 

ffiiBttt orlBfl^ (a T^m 4h^^fti/ife«fifry) 
Uarley. Wheat, ancj other forrs of G^am, as alio 
Ho^*W faid ?oBtt$t\ &hen thejrgfew^v^ripe^ 

:!e* apt to bfcak, /rail, weak, .jMHS^:'- 
(Gr.) a Ttrntf of Grain groWihg in 'Ma- 
' Thrice -^iftfcl&ll thorn, 
or rather Wtet$tB, certain "Winds 
%ft* WotioVbf Are Air tafifes in^reat Cir- 
clet, cooling rhofe thM live nndef the Equinoctial 
■I5fee ? ; which makes * Pern Wd feveral other Parts 
of the Hfcjl- Indies, more tolerable in ^fpeft of 
Heat; than Bfortdt/s and 1 dihef Countries oi Afru 

r^ Bnat^ ^Z a T Sfif1b;r6aft Meat on : Among 
Huntfmen, the Start thkf grows fharp like tteEnd^ 
-*f a Spit f on a young' StagV Head. 
" \ ToiBTDflflu to r Spif, to Tap 5 fo-fpreid abroad, 
^fee Ae^WrR Ptibfifner bf. 

the firft 'Author, or Ihverffef of a 
dniori, §?c. " ••■•*•■' 

ttf* G6frftS)}n, : forme of Wfhicfh are 
j^^thVee Snftlft^s, inrf others, twenty 
;s. # Sec Carolus and Jacobus. ' '. L 

_ ifcftn^P^ th*' (Stfis f ort 'one Side , 




of a Ship 


Sbfct ot fiptr, 

IBrocaao or" 

ing M(?tf{S^t in any : 5*«aH»l™ 

ffiTOCaUa, (in our old ReccM-dsjL, i TM« 
Covert of Bufties ; v/bencejfyctjff of WfoH 
f ri^ajr of Cattle. ' ' ? - - ** *»^^ J 

15rar|| or IBrwcfc a peeked Orn^mcnf of j^ttfi; 
fbrriaetljr mudh worn. :;u ; - u . 

tffOC^ an Awf, or c large ¥ a^ingiN^dfe^o 
mend Sacks, Saddles, and other Horfe-geer.", * 

IBtdCtlCWJ f FVj a S^e^r to fticl in -Nfcfc In* 
Cookery, a particular manner of frying and ft^wing 
Chickens, tfr. ; . r .'" .-.;: ," ,,s 

3prbt|fa, On anicient £^f/» Deeds) a grc^rCan; 
drPifcn^ ' : ; ls 

1B»C^ $ Told Word) Crookednefr, rtpeciafly 
oftheTeeih. -' X ::>"'' 

JBrOCfc, a m\A fieaft; l or!ierwifc \&ftA iJfeftKer. 
Amo^ Haters, a Hart of the third Yfcat is Wo 
termed a ^w^ or Brocket, and a Hiriit bf Hie 
fame Year, a Brocket's Sifter. "' * fJ 

HBrofiljalpertp or »eaa»aff4WWif^ 

a being quit of a certain Toll or Cultom, forfer 
ting up Boards, or Tables, in a Market orftrir: 
Th^ Word iii Soxc* % figuifies a Toll in behsllf of, 
or f6t a Board . ri 

' iBrtWftk* afn oH Word for I*Brbidere«X Xj/> 

To HBrOGtue or IBtOffgle, to fifh for Eels,.ifler 
a particular manner, by troubling the WateV: /; 

WVMUttij {frifti) wooden Shooes. J r : :: ^ 

atn»n, xioflble, Difturbance, Difdbnt&ke) % 
Falling out, a Quarrel. 

JBrok, ^n 6ffl fprt of Sword, ; tttyi^4 \ . 

OlBTOftajje or I Prt terffi g, the Wages, trf?Hifc 
of v a Broker; klfii ; 't BrokePS Tmde, -or *ufi- 
nefs. t < > ' 

»rdfeW if«ltt«Mr; fin 0-%^^ *#&e$reak- 
in^ of Beams ofXight, as feen ihtb* a Qa£^ 4 cuc 
Into fcveral Plianes; or Faces. ^ ; rxj. 

friV^/) Uk&^ht4ite"'W^M^'*m?%y of Inci- 
%feide^ changes Jft Reftjfude, or Straftnefs, er is 
broken in palling Ate* the fc&riA Medium, "<MiV 
»fo* if bt tbWkei^bnihiiiner. ' ?0 ^ -i^^J 

"Wefcfiahts, ro^proetrte Cuft6mers -for their Mer- 
^dhiniiMies : TWTertn is a!fo coriihidnly ^1^" 
to t thofe that fell old Cloaths, and HoaQtqk^f 
or' r <hlt let out Mdn^'to necfcflitebfr 

e^WBtdBrrtttW, are didfeitetixtakfeititBitr 
Bufineft to know the Akeraridn of the CttiiMfe pf 
Exchange, andto'infcrm"MerclUt*that?h^^ 
ney to receive, or pay beyond Sea, who 'flte^flpper 
Pfcrfons for exchanging or 3otng* thereof. • ^, • 

&tOffevl3rohrrfi^ are fuch as buy and fiJl Sfatts 
in me joync-oiocus of a Company, or ! Cbijfera- 
tion, for any Perfoti that fliall defir^ ihem. r/J,jf 

HEnrniW, (Gr.jra'kind of Grain, wild Oarii £ i 

f iBr6!tt$if, (in ^W.) cfertain *d<lo^r W^fcsMif- 
perfed thro* the Longs, whfclf are Branches oPrtfe 
the Wind-pipe. ?V* •— ; i i ^W^moX 

)BrO«C||C«te, a R^rfrtrc of tfie Thrtfat; *ii^«t 
round Swelling in theThrblt tnide 8f thitk'Wmjm 
mixed with a little Bloud. -> utU > rtui^T 

l&VmttytmiV, a Cutting, or Opening of f $fe 
Wind.pipe, in a atiifhy^Part, bftWxt 11 ^* 
Rings ; which i$ fomctimes doii*tb : t^ven¥tt 
ing, in Per(bn*tfo*H*d withi ^WBWJV" « 

IMltfl^' tfc^WfdiBe Iffffifoul , iWWthe 
Wind.pipe, the Fore-pArt of Wffihiii ffitf* ajpWF 


Digitized by 



— — — — — - — - 

r BR 

32ror% (old Word) Fury, Rage. 

ISronttas, (Gr.) a kind of precious Scone, 
poftd to fall with the Thunder. 

ffttOCtb a Painting all in one Colour : Alfo a 
Cellar of Gdld, which Ladies us'd to wear about 
their Necks. 

i&flOk See Rivulet. 

To liStorjfc an Sltftmt, to bear it patiently, to 

• PUI U UP. ,£-./} t^y 

ftr00fc4imr 9 'an Herb good againft the Dropfie, 
< Scurvy, ox Stone ; as alfo for Cleanfing the 

•ai 1 ftW^ "^S^ *£"* affords good- Improves 

8 f9fWif«nfTO 


arc ft 

rt£^r, ji 

at the 

p a Plant that grows 
of Broom, amMias a Root like .iijljir- 

T«Ria *£ & $^»*%* Sroije in theJCid- 
ncys and "Bladder, aiid to provoke Urine. 

•*»*fcW*!iff^^ Hj^ffe is aBorn- 


^i&, wkb ISSawii, ReeSs, Straw, or 
eyh£r on Groom! in a dry Dock, or 

(Mgifttt JLatjn Deed*) bmifird, or 
wounds, or other pafualdesj 

Frtt^fchOUfe, a 2 

V flSWMffWWJWW, * .Stewv or .Bawdy 
nouie. xoe Brocbel-houfes on the, BmJ^fide in 
AMlml, .^jfimpdW- by King H«p/ VIII. 

lerOOWmliftj. Among Htauert) the firft-Jrarc 

•^JHflW &« HataW * Sttg, i*xt to which 
1$ the Bemm-tntter. 

To ^Ip^MW^ >to look upon nanghriljv or dif. 

or croft-Beam. 

% fold Word) to^enjoy. 
a Se& maintaining Opinions fome- 

Wf 6 ^ fitft fe^otf«)tin 
•M*»w»of }tyl4Md'ft>irt. 

V*%>«P***P*s- tender $prontt that 
°t l forak«%, w .:the $pnng. , .- , 

fofofe, JBcawe, or jjfrutt!*, .the Tops of tie 

J?m ?° »*!"*£ Cattle ufoaBy feed. 
^tafeedasJBeaftsdo, by knapping, 
,,<£ the -Topi of young Sprig*, Heros, 

V/Gr.) t the fteld-crickst, a kind of 
ilfoa Grub, or Caterpillar that eats op 
>C<*o^nd,(5rafs. . r - • - - 

tf t $ee Brigbdt. . 
: (iOflld Utin Records) Brnfli, Heath, 

a final] Copfe, pr Thieket, a Jittle 

„ A kind of Herb. 
ClSt, (It.*) Rumour, Report, Common 
Tall^o : . 

-v ; faTfe 3Rn* T * E&iHff <*?«&, to fpread it abroad, 
flfc&foei^e News-about it; 
mumX, (L*&) belonging to Winter; as the 
- I Se}fii9e % Set Solstice. 
«p^ ra) a kind of Plain. 
&«, Affault, Onlet, Brum, CrofoAcci- 

&^ * Bunch,** Knob in «Mi- 

foW^r/ jmh 'M Ad**h OT Hedge made of 
1. horns anagram ground together. 

rtJE&fWi ^j^wb, M 'of. t$o&h Twigo- Brumes 

1W I ?W* * Term* »'d by Hooters for 
the Tail of * Fox. -' 


JnifodWOo, little ioofe Sticks for Fuel " 
laralhiwm, a Word us'd forhe Charter of the 
is i aW ' for Bruftl ' or lVna11 Wood - 
led 2W * kl " d ° f UWny C ° l0Ur ' mhtIW & «i- 
ffiniSeg or ButfolfS, (F;. in C M ^ Stakes 
of Veal, or other Meat well fealon'd, in order to 
be l«d in a Stew-Pan, between thin Slices of Ba- 
con, and bak'd between two Fires j pounnp a 
Ragoo, or Cullis upon them, before they arc fcrv-'d 
up to lable. 

JSrutato, cut.) the Ad,jrf.*Btute, 

5*r» a Beaft that waocsahfr Ufe if R« 
Jft-Wtft, Beaft-Iike, leaftlyT ' " 

' wh^Kru Gr) a R iKtle Shru fe^^^^»» 
wn ch Brudies, or Brooms wcr^madfc. > [ i 

Lin ?tl ^PltJfftriB, iwett Broom., Heath, or 

frpftf, (old Word)ftrait, n*m>*. '.'^.-l: 
lipoma, (Gr.) Briony. a« rH«rb^orfaerWt 
call d whice-yine, proper for li&afes of tbuSpJeeal 
Liver, and Worms. ..,../ ,' „ = ... .-.' ,.% 

JBttbaUlg, (Gr.)] the ,B»ff, W JtafiTe r S| kjnd of 
wihi Q*. r > , •■■.-'••,,• k . 

nlly Fellow, that may be eafily put upon. • 
ToBi*W% to-cbea^ ijbow^^orjMll.^ . 
HSubo, tut,) rto €%.»*»! , A^ri^firoin, 

or Place ^orn jb Ben^ng.of jhe;^E,^«he 
W'H'Wf*: Alfo a kind *f .'Boil, or Botchon the 
Glanddous. or ReroeUj Pacts of theBodjg as ia 

the Arm-pits, Groin, tfc. . • ■-..; .,.'. y,. lt .'- : .j 

jgetWrmtel ffiubo, -a Plague^/oft^t." 
venereal iSnte, a grog frnpofthttme, ^'S& 
ling mat antes in the Groin, andif occfj^g; 

tbc rTcttcb Pox. , ' .,, f% '^ , j 

©utanoctli', (Gr.) a Raprwe, wfaV.^En- 
trails fall into the .Groin* or the out-mo^ ofi"» <* 
the ferarwR j alfo a SwelHngof the £Jm4bh» of 
that Part. ...^ ;. - 

KucaitlfT. See Budymupf . .' ~ J <^ '■'!',. 
r l»ttattlte, (Gr.) a-Storieiikfan OaMn^ind 
of Tnrcois. .. ,., jj,.. , • . > 

IBurc*, (L*r.) the.boilow inner Part of the 
Tf-S' *? ft * Bdr0l ^ b y '■***■*»! j «.'j|e Cieek 

Ht »g^«?» -» i«l« Woothfid, WW r H * 

■ IBntftWrn, a Word my by/ome Gfemft, to 
figm^r a dividing imo little Gobbets. 

IBt^BSW, r^f.^ * Trumpeter. o»o that 
foonds a Xrnmpet, «• winds a Horn:, U -**«- 
r«w»r, the round Circular Mnfde of rfe Cheeks, 
.fonam'd from its forcing, oor the Breath of Trom- 
peten : It arifes from die, Fore-part of the Pwr 
ceffiu Carm* of the lower Taw, fticks to the Gum* 
of both the Jaws, and is wferted to*h«. Comer of 
the Lips. .. • ,v : 

pnttVtWm, a Trumpet, or Hornto blow with * 
alfo the Trumpet, a kmd of Shell-Fifo, fo cairi 
from its Shape : Alfo a Blower that rcfembia tha 
Figure of a Horn. 

»UrtUla, a litde Cteek ; alfo the flefliy Pare 
under ^he Chin. ". TO 

JBamtfmiS, (Gr.-) a kind of Cafraek; or huge 
Ship, with the Sign of the Centaur, < ■,.■■> 

■ *?W* A fHr &**• * vi* s«p; 

m w , hM * lne D»ke of finw and eh* Bfioam £ 
Yearly in Triumph on J AJornfion.bay A r to efooufc 

the Sea. • ■• . .... ., . . ■ ., 

• J&jUXtMut, the Name of Mxt^faGreat's 
Horfe, taken from the. Mark of! a «uir«-Heao! on 
jus- Shoulder s alfo w kfod«f Thiftfo. 

M a 



Digitized by 



B U 

HBucetas, the Herb Feaigrcck. 

J5llXb> a Male Deer h alfo the Male of feme 
other wild Beafts; as a .Buck-Goat, a Buck-Rab- 
bit, &c. Hares or Coneys when they defire Copu- 
pul'ation, are fald To go to Buck- 

JlBuCfc Of t&e Srtt ©r% a Bupk fo call d by Hun- 
ters, in the fifth Year ot his Age, and in the hxtn 
Year he is termed a great Buck. 

JlBliekmaft, the Maft, or Frutt of the Beach- 

i5ucMafli (in old Statutes) a Deer-hay, a Toil, 
or large Net to catch Deer in. t . 

HBuC^ttlOjnj a Shrub, whofe Berries are usd in 
Phyfick for Purging Medicines, and to make a deep 
green Colour : A Whidng-Fifh dry'd in the Sun, 
is likewife fo call'd. 

iSuch^toieDj a kind of Herb. 

IBuctvWat or ifrfttClj^l;gat> a fore of Grain 
njuctr town in Sun h being excellent Food lor 
Swine, Poultry, &c. 

HSurfeS'tjOUb a Sallet-Herb with many fmalt 
jagged Leaves, good to ftanch Bleeding, and to 
take off Warts. 

" XStlCfeanecr, a Pirate in xhzlVefi- Indies, a Free- 
booter, or Rover. t 

ilBuchclDtailfi, a Sect of Hereticks, reckon d 

ajnong the Anabaptifts. /■-■'. , 

' iSutlJCt, a kind of Pail made of Leather, and 

generally us'd to carry Water for the quenching ot 

Fire in Houfe, £$?. . < . 

iSucbcWOpc, (in, a Ship) a Rope ty d tq the 
£u;cket f by which Water is hal'd, and drawn up 
by the Ship's Side. iifiiMtta£i A aumlftlif 

15ucfeie or Cirt^butWc, (among Sadlers) a 
foursquare Hoop with a'Tongue, wh^i is rriade 
fteady in going thro* a Hole o£ Leather, and, fa- 
ftcn'd with narrow Thongs. 

iBUCbltr or £ktei&, a fort ef defenfiv? Armour : 
It is alfo Figuratively taken for Defence, or Pro- 
tection. , 

l$UCfcl# Of ffctf, a Piece of Beef cut off from 
theSurlotn. , 

315ucblcr^l)0;n 3 the Name-of a certain Herb. 

HgUCUram, a fore* of (hong Linncn Cloth, ftif- 
ftnd with Gum, proper for making Stayes, and 
ieveraj other Ufes. 

15UCUram0 5 a kind of Heib. 

315ucfefomc, gamefome, jovial, mery, brisk. 

)|£ftKqMcbJj» (GrJ Paftoral Songs, or Poems, in 
which Herdimen and Country-Swains are repre- 
fented difcourfing together a>out their twe-In- 
trigues, or other Concerns,, fuch as Vigil's. Eclogues, 
ftnd Theocritus** Idylls. 

25uCT8ntum 9 the Herb CaJ ves-fnour. 

)IBuCUla, (L<tt.) a young Cow, or He i fen 

J15u6, a Blcffom, or young Sprout : Alio a wean- 
c4 Calf of the firft Year, fo calt'd, becaufc the 
Horns are then in the Bucj. 
\ IBurjje^ the drefs'd Skin, ox Furr ?f tariibs,; 

AlSuUgt, one that flips, into a Houfe, or Shop, 
to-fteal Cloaks, £?c. 

To JI$uDgr, to ftir, or move from a Place. 

5fiU&g£ Of CDUCt* See Bauclx of Court. 

3l5uDge;3i5acf)eUi*0, a Company of poor old Men 
clotth'd in long Gowns, iin'd with Lambs-Furr, 
who attend upon the Lord-Mayor of the City of N 
J^ndon, during the Solemnity of the PubH<&Shew, 
on the Day that he firft enters upon his Office. 

]!5uDg£'ban^l.' a little Tin Barrel to hold Gun- 
Dowdev, Kaving a Purfe or Cafe of Leather made 
faft over the Head to prevent the Powder taking 
Fire ; and being generally us'd a- Board a Ship. 

SuDget, a Pouch, or Bag. o 

Buff, 13ttfflt or Buffalo, a wild Scaft like an 
Ox, very frequent in the EaJhMw, and Qtbefi 
J^arrs of AJi*. - . ^ fc ,. 


JffUffCt, a Bex or Blow pn the Ear. 

jSHffWgt, (F/ r ) an abufive J«tter,^ a Droll, a 
Merry Andrew. r < .. 7 

H5uffoonrP, fancy, fcoffing, or jefting, Drollery. 

i5ufo, (Lat.) a Toad. Bufo gibbofys r the hunch - 
back'd load. vM1 

15uFonfU0 Jlapifi, the Toad-ftone, a kind of pre- 
cious Stone, fallely faid to breed in the Head of a 

Toad/ [Miliilflfc 

JBllg, a well known noifome Infcdt. See Wood- 
Loufc. ,;vj 

i&UQ$ZtPy the Coupling of one Man with ano- 
ther, or of a Man or Woman with a bruje Beaft j 
a moft deteftable Sin againft God, Nature, and 
the Law, which is here made a Capital Crime, 
without Benefit of the Clergy. 

I5ugl£ 5 a fort of wild Ox : Alfo an Herb ex- 
cellent for Wounds, either taken in Drink, or out- 
wardly apply'd i alfo a kind of Glafs Beads. 
15uglc4)0;in, a (on of Hunting- Horn. 
iStislOffu* or HBuglOfftitn, (Gr.) Buglofs, a Pot- 
Herb growing in molt Gardens, much of the fame 
Nature with Borage ; the Flowers of both being 
very Cordial and Keftorative. 

lBugula, a kind of Herb $ Bugle, middle Gom- 

13utapat|j0n, (Gr.°) the Herb Patience, a £rcac 
fort of Dock. 

3i5uiU or ffiulbUC, (apiong Hcrbalifts) the round 
Root of a Plant, wrapp'd about with many Coats, 
Skins, or Pills, one over another like an Onion 5 or 
elfe let round thick wjth many fmall Scales, ati4 
finding out many Fibres, or Strings from the Bot* 
torn of the Root : Bulbs is alfo taken for the round 
fpirec^ Beads of Flowers. . 

liBulbtnt, an Herb, having Leaves like Leeks, 
and a Purple Flower $ Dog's-Leek. 

"jlSulbOCaffanum, the Earth-Chefhur, or Pig. 

JBuIbOUJSj full of Bulls ; as Bulbous Plants, i. e. 
tholp that have a round Head in the Root $ fuch 
are Tulips, Onions, Leeks, Garlick, &c. \>&md 
fflfulcWn, a Country- Word for a Calf. 
HBllifinClj* See Bull- Finch. 
Bulga, (in old Latin Writers) a Budget, Mail, 
or Port-mantle. 

Hj5tllDgeD. See Bilged. 

JlBultttlia or pUlWUB, (Gr.) an Ox r likc ApI 
petite, or infatiable Hunger, often accampany'd 
with a Lofs of Spirits, which proceeds from a too 
iharp Ferment, or Working in the Stomach. It is 
othexwife calfd B^vina Fames, and is -fomewhat 
greater than Fames Canina 9 or Cjnorcxia $ which 

|5ulfe, MaiTinefs, Bigne/s ; alfo a Stall before a 
Shop : In Sea Language, the whole Content of 4 
Ship in her Hold, for the Stowage of Goods. 
To 3tl afc H5ultU See To Break, 
HSuIfe^ealJ, any Divifion, or Partition made 
a-crofs a Ship with. Boards, or any Tfciag ^Ife, fa as 
one Room may be feparated from another. Bulk? 
head afore, the Partition between, the Fore-Caftle 
and Grating in the Ship's Head. 

JBulfcCC, a Canting- Word for a common Strum- 
pet, or Jilt. 

315ulfe!?5 big, grofs, maffy, weighty. 
H&fi, a well known Beaft : Alio a. Brief, Inftrii- 
ment, or Deed, fet forth by the Pope, and fealM 
with a Seal of Lead, containing his Decrees, Com- 
mands, and other Ads : Alfo an Impropriety ot 
Speech, or Blunder in Difcourfe. 

The (SolDftl 31i5llJl 5 an Ordinance made by the 
Emperour, Charles V. A. O. 1 5 3 6. about the Form 
of Eleding the £q&pero,uri of fyffxwfc which is 
obferved to this Day, and fo cajl'd fr-om tie Gold 
S^al hanging on it. , j m ^ 

Digitized by 



iOUlUftClfl, -a kind of Feftiva! in Spain and Por. 
tugtt, during which Men on Horfe- back, armed 
with Lances, &c. are fee to encounter an enraged 

H5ul '-finely a fort of Bird that has neither Song 
nor Whittle of its own, yet is very apt to learn, if 
taugh: by the Mouth. 
, •- 3n\i tv or jgulUbre, an Infed:. 

I5all^eat) or filler Bullitt b, a Fifli that has a 
broad Head, and wide Mouth, with two "bread 
Fins near the Eyes, and as many under the Belly : 
- Alio a little-black Water- Vermin. 
- 2>all4nftb; a kind of Herb. 
15lfflaCr, a wild Mum. ■•- ' 

•, -IHrftafc* <$ke'<B<il*ry. 

y&ulltri, (Country Word^) Amp4bikf piNed; > 

i 15*twl%fif; (in old Staftftes) a ion of fmail Sea* 

ve*ftl, or Boat. * : ' " * : 

IBuiht^iBaR, or *!)«, the Bail of Iron, or Le*4 

that is nYd dot of a Cannon, Muskefc, Pifto],'Qfc. 

«CM)er»ltftet*, arc Bullet* heated in a Forge* 

k tod thrown; mto the -Piecea of Ordinance, 'wliere- 

in before a good ftepple Sad, pr'Turf iaf been 

ramm'd down, that the BaH may not touch thef 

Powder. Thefe Bullets are (hot rn Sieges, ca &te 

Houfes. and da the more mifebief in a Town, or 


TtullimtglP or JBulltm»ff, a mixture <tf 'fcterai 

farts cf Graiii, as Oats, Peafe and Vetches See, 

^UOnbtip -• • • ! 

HBxilhOtljL uocoifted Gold, or 5rr?erin the Mafs^ 

.pr Billet; alfo the Ware wherr fath Gold, or Sri- 

. vet is broyght to be try'd and*xchaaged fofcthe* 

King. * . — ■ - ■ - ' < 

- Buliiat Of Coppit, ir Cbppffcplate* ft* oo the) 
? ai^ft-kacberr, or Bridki tf' Horfes for Orna- 

jBulI? or *BttM:0Cfc, a boifterous, hettortng 
. Fella w, a ^wAfli-budder, a Defender, or Mam- 1 
talner cf Strumpets v ' •' ^ 

WMttHB^fcfc i irrrhe Art of fiKrn) a Bridge! 
made of msrry Bundfer of ftart mftie* botmd i<5|je- * 
itbtr» an<J cttvefd *rhh:fiank^ toftture a Paflfige! 
oyer Bogs, Ntarfties and Fenny Places. ^ ** - 

- - S$utfel£4te bmtiwf parrot -Meal that fctffceen 
_dtckls!d j. ^hc IBocd is mention 'd in a Statute for Ae^ 

Affize of Bread, Anno$\. ft-y. n ^ * " * ,w 
, Jfctttoatk, iteotd Nfcntefcr * Baftiortf a'ftarh. 
•t*rt to Fort;- fbr rhe«B*ftnce df a Place.' " L I 

v ^mt^^rjSr.^ a gce*t ©rapt like a 'Tear; 1 or ' 
JPbp : | atefte pfam^kina of Crape. - .:'; l J < ! 
. r^tmrifo a 1rind of to^Afh-tree* *- — - 

"VutttkflW a Country-clown; " ■ * l " " : 
s* . KHmstfe a Buftip* a-Koob : In 'Snrpiy r an out- 
; .jfcicd! Lirxattan,Hw disjojpnting-of the Vhiebrd's, w 
t'jftjrti'ing-Toine of the Back. 
£ 2HUtl$e& C«KK («nong Pfmifts) are thofe Cods 
that ftand out ia Knobs, and in which the Seed is 

*ri#a. ; ' v - - -' ' .-••.<- 

il5uilrtjeC VOOt^ all fuch round Rowr is hare 
Jfctebfc orfjrite in thean. r * ' • " 

Blntt^tS, ItnobS, Watt^ and mm. are 

Difeafes in Horfes, pccarfWd by eating foul Meat, 
fey :i Brutfe>,^y' hard Ridirifo and eipeflive.La. 

: ^mdle% % tiaftjel of things bound logerffor r Alfo; 

;^,#tetgraf tf Qiintity c^fetoe^mmodtties^Th«s 
1 ^<k&*Qf ( B&c-roQW, rta^nefrpfctes, or Gte- 
veV^i*»>^«^iTtii foJNtnnbfif :.'©f' »m- 

■ ^^^4m a »4e^ ^SWans. - • >■'•■.->:. ^ - J 

^ In a/t*.yfc^4gwtSfc»-knf a-^iWr -of H*t»ils of 

(Si^^, lying in the Office of srfe^Wol^as the 

PBBPdf Bilk -and Anfwersin Chancety, 'UrWfics of* 

.Cfe^l^, with their Certificate* ' f 3 if»-:^ v J 

'^tffr :l<rh? 3 to do a thing MMMMrSHr/tbr cot- ; 

13timd5, (Gr.) the Tarmpreor. tit&faiiWi^ 

Wutlt, ( Set-term ) the-:Ba^ T ". Punc 
partot a Sail, which kfves'io catch *nd keep die 
Wind ; as The Bunt holds much Leeward Wind, i. e. 
the Bunt hangs too much to the Leewai 

£ltnt4ttirs 9 are fmall Lines made faft ro the bor- 
tom ot the Sails in the middle part of the Bok-rope, 
and their Ute is to hale the Bunt of the Sail, for 
the barer furling it up. 

JBunrincr, a fort of Lark, a Bird. 

®«op, a Log of Wood, Barrel, or the like, laid 
to float dirediy over an Anchor, when eaft m:o 
the Sea, or River, to fhews where it lies'? Buoys 
are *m: totnerrmes left ^m it Sea, w> fei^e fcj* 
Marks, to drfcover fotne' dangertm.s Sb'efrH or: 
Roci^s* * ■• t. . #.. *•» :\\j»iA. • 

To Stream t^»U0p, far to jtet the Aw^offall, 
wJiiitt rHe Shyp has Way. ' '- ^ -» 7 »^ nl ! C 
To Coop 0110 up^ to ftipport, or uphold himv 

To tfuop tip a CaWe, (in s*+ % L*t&kgt) to" 

mike fkft^ * piec* <rf> Wood tberdtoi ifc&ttfcac 
near the Anchor, fo as tfce^ibte may "ndt tdiUh. 
the Qroujid, when it is fafpe(3:ed*td ; 'bt fa*\ «r 
t rockey/ to prtvcbf the fteirtrtg and ctimr^bf lie 
Cables . ^ : - 

•itohcopr, a Rope of wVuto ooeerid*is ry'ito 
the Buoy, and the otb^r .to the 4 Fiool: <tf iHa 
Anchor. **- . ."' ^ •» *i-* ^ * »- # - r v ».j ^ 

MJtJ0P3ltt> ^any Thing that is Soaring, or apt q> 
"floats • ; ,i.:rc' : - v,ri •'• 

V«f|ttM|t^^:) an Hefb,-^fcklrif earfcyOr- 

*ttP|ttelmit0 or Bttpttmlfttltftt, the r^rli^i 
eye, May^^ or^ftiulrtng Camoihj|e: ^HViC 

«tHMrlK^ the Bwd-co*y Btu#ci>^, >W&pfo 

wor%^^iidttottt'M«%wWcli kiikt Ciftel«|r 

i ear it *mon* Graft. • v - u..'v *. -, O, 

Si. «e^r^; ' » < • -■ ■■>' '••^d>a V A. 
*tipt*i * ^^kio^f-Gim, mwrforftfirifHe f oS 
reft Recards. 

*uram or Buttle a Load^ <» Wei^^^y 
I thing, a^ much as;« Man can well cany. "A* Ship 
•is &iri '1n» fcr^fl mii^r 7i«f of Muidm; whcftftieW^ 
ftoW, * tarriry fe m«dr in Q^mviy of Qoed* t 

*ur8flt, (of Oad-fferi) i$: ifii Patrnd* "^ • * *- 

IQftirDO, fl^#.> a Mnk bred of a Hbffe'aftd a 
•She-afa.. r ^»* .- r,,,v .. 

*W0atfr, (LMw-Un») a 1 'Tenure whWeby d^ 
lidbabitahts of CWei, Bbroogha a«d ti^m l Uold 
their Latids, or Tertetrrents / of the King, or lewtf 
iLotd, ftfi a : ceinrin Trtatiy J »*»©ir Irr o*^ ^rifti**, 
foflie'garftB tfee Vbaut at"&trg**t t#*a 'Dwelling - 
houfe in a Borough-Town. ^ — ' . .*. 

i JBttttatttt, a kirt* "of «ilmer. Il •• '- 

To vftgfai, to croWbigal*)ur, l ot grdfs ; frewi 
the ^frwcA Word Bturmw, , a Bodi ' -^ - % 

JB^flCfti an Inhibiranc of a Borgh, ot *a- 
rough ; alio one tlur ferW id Pkrfia^rnenr f»'a 
Borongk. •''..'" • /■" '" >; .-'• ' 

y&UVQfy a Borough, a large Village, or Comnwm- 
alty j anciently a Tdwn [fcaving a Wall, dr £bme 
kind of Clonire about it.' ' f . 

*5argk0tt , ' (5iix^ Taw^Terrr>> * Tribme ?*id 
towards the building of a *ofo«rgh, 'or City, *w 
towards the buiJdin^ of Cifttes, or. Waft ot De- 
feace:: It is alfo 6ften taken fcr a1>eibg qtrittjf ft9i 
eoi\«rib«:ions. » ., r ... . . :, n 

Burgfjbjecft, a Fine impofcd oti the Community 
of a Town, for briach of tiW'Maee^^. • •'/■ - 

IBtirfrtCT, aToWwemaii ' .V- : 
1 1Bifrg$gTat»y a Ttete of Honrjnf ih^^ri^wy; 
a Counr, ot <*tef : GovetnoW "^f^ai €rfy, or Ca- 

iBurglrmaffcr or.JBf0r#^^ 

lAhmMkr d« TJWof^eaot^O^inrrJ^ aWteher 
Placesof Grrwwii;. • ' - *• * * J ^ ^ **t* J 

Digitized by 



: ) B u 

»UtgbmiU, • Cam of a Borough, or City. 

IButgbtearf } * Citizen, or Burgels, a Word us d 
in the Charter of King JVilUiam the Conqueror to 
. the Londoners. 

15urgiar, a Houfc-breaker. 

liSurglatp, (in Cmwiwwi-Liw) fignifies the rob- 
ing of a Houie ; but it is generally taken in a 
ftridk Scnfe, for rhe ent'ring into a Houfe, or 
Church in the Night-time, with an intent to rob 
it, to kill fome Perfon, or to do fome other feloni- 
ous A& 

JButteo Batter?. See Battery Sunk, 

i5urtn, (IV.) a Graver, or Engraving-tool. 

ToJSurl, To dreis Cloath as Fullers do* 

H5utled, (old Word) armed. 

HBurlCSfe or H5urlefque 3 comical, merry, jocofe ^ 
alfo Mock- Poetry, a merry way of Writing. 

JlSuTlCStofc turn'd into Buriesk, as Virgil Bur* 

315arlep, big, grofs, fat. 

25ttrlP?b:am% a Word us'd by CA4«cerfora huge 
Sword, or great Fury. 

A IButll, fas Surgeons define it) is an impreffion 
of Fire made upon a Pare, in which there remains 
a great deal of Heat, with Blifters, and fometimes 
an Ekar ; accordingly as the Fire has taken more 
or lefs erFc&. ^^1 

To Burn or iButruteat Hatt& See To Den. 
Jkire. -J-2WT* 

IBUtnetj an Herb commonly us'd in Sallet Fur- 
niture, and put into Claret-Wine, to give it a 
pleafing Relifh : Alfo a Word us'd by Chaucer for 
L Wollen. 

C^OWP IBUMrt, a kind of Shrub. 

iBurntng^StU, a Well near fViggin in Lanca- 
/hire, which, if a Candle be put to it, will prefent- 
iy take Fire, and burn like Brandy ; and in a calm 
Seafon, will continue for a whole Day together, 
c*cn to that Degree, that by the Heat of it, one 
may boil Eggs, Meat,&c. 

3B5ur mtlff^One* See %me. 

ToUBUHttQb £0 makc bright; to polilh, to thrive, 
or grow bigger as a Child does : Alfo a Term a- 
mong Hunters, when Harts fpread their Horns af- 
ter they are fray'd, or new-rubbed. 

JlBurmfter, one that burnifhes, or polifhes; alfo 
a Tool made ufe of in Engraving and Etching, to 
fmooth and fweeten the Work. 

$6urr, the round Knob of Horn next a Deer's 

ffiutt or fflfut^lHCfe, an Herb whbfe broad 
Leaves, Roots and Seeds, are very ufeful in Phy- 

IBUtr^ump or BtlBgf ^Utttp, (in Sear Again) a 
fort of Pamp by the ShipVfide, in which is a Staff 
Seven or Eight footiong* with a Burr of Wood at 
the end, whereto the Leather is nail'd, and ihis 
ferves mftead of a Box ; 1© that the Staff being 
thruft down, is hal'd up by a Rope faften'd to the 
middle of it. 

J5tl?r;fcrt or HButfc?flag, a kind, of Herb. 

U5tltra0^pip£, an Inftrument us'd by Goldfmiths, 
as alio by Surgeons, to keep corroding Powers in, 
as Vitriol, burnt Allum, Precipitate, (£c 

IBurtcl, a fort of Pear otherwise call'd the red 
Butter-Fear, from its fmooth, delicious and foft 
Pulp ; which is ripe the latter End of Septem- 

IBurrtLflp, a kind of Infe&. 

3!5urrel4i0t. See Cafe*fhot. 

ISmrOtfe, a ("mall Wear, or Dam, where Wheels 
are laid in a River for the taking of Fifh, 

IBurrotaB, Holes in a Warren, that ferve as a 
Coven for Hares, Rabbert, (gc. 

H5ufTa, {Lot J) a Purfe, or Pouch j alfo the 
Groin, or Cod of a Man. 


JIBurfa gaflWiS) Shepherd^ Purfe, W*fab of 
a binding Quality, good te ftay bleedftytij^it the 
Ncfc, the Bloudy-flux, &c. 

^urFalifi, (in Anat.*) a Mufcle of the in- fide of 
the Thigh, fo nam'd from its Shape ttfemb^ing a 
Purfe. ruQ ^ ? ' 

fl&Utfaria, (in ancient Deeds) the Burfefy", or 
Treafury of a "Collegiate, or Conventual Church ; 
the Place of receiving, paying, and accounting by 
the Burfers. p'/ 1 * 1 *!" 1 " 

iJIBurfatjt, the Burfers of a Monaftcry; ot Col- 
lege : Alio certain Exhibitioners, or Scholars at 
Paris in' France, fo ftyl'd, becaufe they liv'd on the 
Burfe,'Fund, or Contribution of Benefa&ors. A- 
rnong the Cifiercian Monks, the Burfarii, were the 
Novices, or young Scholars, fentro the Uotvrrfiry, 
and there maintain 'd by the Religious out of their 
Burfe, or publick Stock. 

IBurfr, an Exchange, where Merchants meet; 
and Shops are kept • fo call'd, becaufe the Sign of 
the Purfe was anciently fet over fuch a Place : 
Whence the Rgyal Exchange was termed Britain's 
Burfi bv King James I. 

15utfer, the Treafurer of a College, or Mona- 

^UtQjOlDer or J5m:oto*lMr* See Head-bo- 

IBuR&Ott, an Herb. : \f* 

IBurt, a flat Fifh of the Turbot-kind. 1 ** 

I5urt0ri, (on board a Ship) is a fmall Tackle, to 
be faften*dany where at Pleafurc, confifting of two 
fingle Pulleys r Its ufe is to hoift fmall Things in 
and out, and it will purchafe, or draw, more than 
a fingle Tackle with two Blocks. 

JKutp or JBerp, (Sax.) a Dwelling-place, pr 
Court; which is ftill found at the end of the Names 
of feveral Places, as Alderman-bury, St. Edmund's- 
bury, &c 

Buff E or BuftUS, (in old Latin Records) U n : 
der-wood, or Brum-wood. 

IBuftlinum, (Gr.) a kind of great Parfley: 

«UQj, any fort of Shrub, as a Currant-bulb; 
Goofeberry-buih, &c. Atoong Hunters, the Tail 
of a Fox. 

Suftel, a fort of dry Meafure, containing Four 
Pecks, or Eight Gallons Land-meafure, and Five 
Pecks Water-meafure. 

JBuifeitT, a kind of Boot, or Hofe, coming up co 
the Calf of the Leg, efpcciilly worn by the anci- 
ent A&ors of Tragedies. 

H5uf0, a fmall Sea-Veflel, or Ship, us'd by the 
Hollanders, for the catching and carriage of Her- 
rings and other Fifh. - J~ 

IBufl, (a Term in Carving) a Statue or Figure 
only reprefenting one half of a Humane Body, fo 
that the Head, Shoulders and Breaft appear, but 
no Arms ; and it is made tapering from the Breaft 

l&Ufctoat, (Country.word) foft Bread eaten hot 
with Butter. 

*Uflar6 or JiBtftart, a kind of great flucgifh 

IBuftle, Stir, Noife, Hurry. 

H5ufft0{J|)f, (Gr. ». el the turning of Oxen when 
they plow the Ground) a Term made ufe of tocx* 
prefs the manner of Writing among the ancient 
Romans, who at firft wrote as it were in Furrows: 
For the fitft Line beginning at the Left-hand went 
to the Right, and then the fecond Line beginning 
at the Right-hand was returned back to the Left * 
fo that the Whole look'd like the Furrows* «J 
ploughed Land. 

lBPfttfOfl, (Gn) a great uhfavoury Fi^. * , 

VutClcCflQOOm, a Shrub with Leaves fo» e . 
what like a Myrrie, but prickly at the' end. 

315UK$*rt} a great Slaughter. 


Digitized by 



B 12 a C A 

^ l*ttQfflfc-j<> si* ^^ * I i. 
tfcfofctKP the^<mfe^&&*, $f. 

K 32BJ8&, a certain Impo&ftfofa 
i j^^lf to tie l*n-j f wJWi the#ing's 
•reootof wfQt SfeiBt .. 

a Mark t& fhoqt at* ajft * kind 

$*-, A £qf* or ?*/* of Wine 

ds» or .jt*£ Gallons; and a 

t "oto x* to ** HumJwvd WejgJk. 

, j£«* aUButt is the end ofaay Pknk 

i'^j^her^^ die .qiu: fide .of the Ship 

. ijfott, isWbtn*Pkakis ktofeat 
^and therefore great Shigsai*, bolted *r the 

I fa Ter& io Hu*tf*g) the. Burn, or 
k t Deers Head, xulter#v2lecaU\i£eak 
! tf JbttfmatlP, (amoog, C^w#l/) is a mix- 
HW, oftto; 4«M»^vits pf SttbUmate CorfttiveJ 
with the Regulus, or a fixed Matter of Antinfap :! 
Xhis Compound which iW call ^ QMtfjnti 
^menj is a great Cdttftick.* being us'd to eat p^ftftd 
Flefli and to cleanfe Ulcers, , ^ r t; r £ 

^UttCt Of JttR» k likewise a tCamponid **ade 
. of ope, Wt Qf Tin rednc'djto Popader^tnd fjiree 
V*r#.^ .CoflBoOre, and bat this uftmnge 

^Viibat it is continually fearing fcntb Eoaaes, 

bbUttfc the Bktern, a Bird fo calTd by 
:jpecfie,<from its ^ka\uos ftno«*h *ad K (oft 

r^blttt, an,Herb groyning in tnoiftJPlacc^, | 
r bro4d Leaves, the Root of which Sraeogfch- 
,<W t^e Heart, *pd c^rs.^e>V^fegpiwi:iSwbat 
K refills all inftaious Difoa&$ r -aod is by iba# 

, ._ X36tt£t*flp r a well knQwn Infeft j alfo 4n isferb 
J^tberwife cili^i^wom *o > 

1 »rittft#«t. Seefiime/. 4. f 

Jguttt^^atett^ great btoad^Fof^reeth* ..-$• 

-Hftitf ft were befmeareid with Buster .;,,ltki4faaiU f d 
2Vi^rf ^#»#^ f v^m Jttflgfpwiag ,ple«AW$j: in 
SMr^puri^y^ aad ifoonjy kuojrn Property is>|o 
: ftt^SBeep: , , „ — -■> 

U{^ tfie.endg, or foort. -pieces of ptenriied 
" "\Jkxn Bad^andFunwW. -See ^ffi«<- 

. ^IB^firM k»d o^r<«lla»^ w .«^ c «Uacc 
it isfigurauvely taken for ap igcm^r^o^ a 
fenfelefs FeHow. . n >hior c . ?>» *j^ . 

r ffitor -SBft, (4MlM^)^ifal>t W ki^**lace 
of Abode : The Word k fttU (esaiokt is tte^dof 
th$ Names of many Towns, fend Vilkgw, fcfptti- 
ally in the Nortii^tn Pans of Stilarndt aaiMMr. 

To »p»r, (fwj to PubliftL See B$4$L < 
H&p3Utoft> ceruin Laws matte k Coart^ Leer, 

or Coum fiaioa : Alfo fiwii asare mtde by |Hulicu. 

lar Corporations or Gompaaaca, for the barer regu. 

kting of Trade, &c / 

iBffcff, «>U Wwl) a&af f or fictotte; 

•ptr* aAaftAW^rd ibr 4 'Nttr^tttfe, #r Gow- 
boufe | as in the Ballad of Chrifi.kjrk. m the 
Gttcn.—~TbeB*U/k9«*r;tt f eJj$r. 

mimm* a kind «of-ilinle £*iffr&Uiiig Ship, 
which often carries fmall Jtterchaadtze bttweei 
QltaM ifi ItWto aod Stfg^ m ^i, fo call'd ftom its 
Goafting ask*** by .aha iUnd* 

HBBB^ i(&.}*f*lv laiky Aetped- 

SgKgai^^ Solemn AAiral among the Turfy; 
which may be termed their Carnival. 

KWOmA, *JMenotMvtaat tbattUne, of the 
natare of our New* Years-Gift. 

•JftfiTtoB ofcJBwW^ (in tbe fta&ick f#f • i##- 
i^wrf) iiKh Lajwiuks arc ofiabbfli'd j^thConiaw^ 
iMeighbtOrtdiikainoaflfchafen in die Gonitlical- 
led BurUw-Couns, the fame kind of Ordinandi* 
chat in our Courts Leec and Copra Baipir^ttik^U'd 

. IBftflim (Gr.) a kind pf fine Fiaz $ alfirCi^KA 
lUk^^amturifik, or Lawn. >i vi 

. rffi|te«t,4old Word) catched about. > 
. JKlUlWmp t$old iWotf ) aoade fiwftlefiu ^ 

iDF^amtne. See £*;?4*/, ;- 

I T t tti i> > ■■ 6li^ 


.U * .H. 

C A 

jte jBreqrh, or Haunrih t In a Ship, it 
^^^o^^wiich makes her breadth right 
jrom jpe, a uck upwards | (o that according 
^ is built ^oad, or narrow, at the Tran- 
it is faid ife -&«oe <f £?W, or a wuwxo Buttock. 
^tr^gi ,(if 4vcbi$tS*) *n Arch,- or mafs of 
toe; that'lerves to bear op the (ides of a Building, 
Wall,£fc -They *re $bifefly usM in fuch Buildings 
• ilka after the G*U*k manner. 

Buttrifc or H5ntt^(|,t a Tool us*d by Farrien to 
L SFoot that is overgcown, 
tiooeto iti&c. 
kIw*4o£ Bird. 

ft-.-.* iha ^ • . 

jQ-^nkal jCompofitioo, 

'^jc'.v t,v^ '■■:: 4 ^ •'■ *■ 
^^t^^hrttb; al^ a 
ude of Bp^F<IPd. 
E|^§hfife ^f «t><Af«-3w, 


jatllB^ a Jfrfo* Meafkre cootaiaing: iThreS 
Pints, or the Eighteenth part of an Epb*. . 
Clbatfc, a i(i#<?s Word for an feti^or 
Vrtaoaiiinghoafc i 

€atal or Cabala, (//**, ». e. receiving) a Mj£ - 
•ftanoustDaArke aawag j tht ancient -jmt, deli- 
Ter'd dowo b|> WordjoT Mooth, as they fiiy, from 
Mofit to the. Fathers, and, ao lafc gatherU into a 
Body ia tbe *Tstlm*d t Alfo a fecret Science ur ufe 
among tbe more -Modern J*mr,: by which jhejr 
procend to unfold Divine Myfiahes, wkh tetpeft 
to the Letters of the Hebrew Alphabet ; as that 
the World fhall kft ^thouCitid Years, beeanfe 
the Letter Akfb wtuQh.Oartis for at Thattftiid is 
found *x times in the Bicft Yctfe-of the Bible: 
Whence the Ew&flo Wotd CaAit/ iifnkyi&f a Jon- 
to, or private Council, apartk«hpc.PartfvSte,^r 
Gang. > ' 

To Cabal^ to make Parries, toplotpnkately^ 

Cabaltil, one dtift'd in the %*»$ C*M*. 

CabalUn JM«% a courfer fort of Aides gentwtty 
-us'd by Farriers td pttt»grHoricSi : -?' A ? 

Catatt«0) (Uk) a Paifey^ ot Pad- na g ) ^Mill- 
horfr. :.*■/:- 


Cabbage, a welLtoowir»»Wt,<rf^litA^il«f^ 
«b i^«rai iansu j .'VIi C .r. i j K h\m?£ r 


Digitized by 


C A 

Cabbage oC a pa^wb, (among Hunur,) 

dwlutt -ihK .parti, where the Horns rake their 

-Briffc. " ■•' »** «<'•••'''■* ■ ' k '" " 

:v-|S3 > V> • **«*»*£ Booth jalfoa 
litaeRoom'lo^oin^ooowdaohip. - - . 

. €**»* ».«ofct»to Acting's Palaae, or 10 a; 
Noblema^s Houfe: Alfoa Cheft of Drawers, or 

tlittfe Tjw* «o pa Thing* of Value in. 

emSy oiwy-d," 6r reincy'd from doe Place to ano- 

• McStef' * r*« W « f Thr * e 1 Str * nd li wh i c £ 

being faftcn'd to an Anchor holds the Ship faft 
when flie ride*: The &a-terms abonc this Rope 

ar Tbe ef i*te««»ti'Wib> *. * * v^*rt r ; 

Mr made, to Bmd tbt Cable, is toraakeufafttotbe 
;Rin»of the AncHor* and M't^*#iiJ*,is«»takeJt 
•way. To *«*fc ***<* ««*• ** Cable, to bind 
,il abowwith RopesjorXaouts, in onder to keep it 
from galling in the Hawfcs. P*?m»* €41*,*. e. let 
4t mart ow : feow tfitf Ship, thatrhe Jtoar •tbebcar- 
ries the Aachot maycbe<niore*ilHy drop «i*o the 
Sea. Pay ebitffkt €*Ht,i.e. pne, jot hand it ooC 
^bv\)Hiir(iil>, is w edlir up round 
inaRing- To «**#€«*/«, is Winaketwo pieces 
•fttfkogetber;- by working the fcv*at*trands of K 
one into another : V*r man able, a. e. putrate 
otfc • When two Cables are fpliced, or iattend 
«nf*hR"t'a»«l'4 a Staff *&U*. ■ 

«gWC4irei the feveral Rolbof;* Cable, that 
ttfefaid one apori another. «f •; - 

CabU®, a Ptre/Mmm Term, fignifyinfr Jfeolw 
wood, or Wind-fallen Wood. 

i cateTto ot cabofttb, ( */*»• » t**4l*>\* 

Termw'd to exprefs the Head of any Beafts be- 
ing cut off juft behind the Ears* by a Sa& Ae Face, or by a perpendicukf, '#»n- 
rightSe&ion ; whereas Coufing fifcntfes an Hoei- 
sontal oae, and is never fo dole to the hols as; 

Vatwntf , (Sis-term) fmall Lints madeof Rope- 
yarn, or Spun-yam, which fervetobumebe Cables 
of a Ship, and to make up the Sails to the Yard- 

CacafUftgO, (Span, i. e. Shite-fire) a bragging, or 

vapouring Fellow. ■ „',«■<*■ 

- C»8lM, (O.) an Herb, wbofe Root being 
foak'd In Wine, is good for a Cough j ftrioge 

CataO, an Indian Tree like an<*ange-aree,wUh 
4-efpeA to its biguefs, and the Ihape of its Leaves ; 
-T$e Ftait of h refambks a Melon fall of fonall 
Nuts, property cattU£*«w, and- left than an Al- 
mond, of which the Drink caM*d Chocolate isufu- 
ally;.ai»de; '. '• ■ * . 

Cacatfljda jfttoti, (l».)a kind of intermitting 
Feaver, accompany'd with a violent Loofenefe, 
which is fometimes griping, and extreamly weakens 
thefarant. .)..•• • 

Ca^WIIptiatOB or CaCtpbatOII, (Gr. u»Gr4«w»«r) 

a harfh Sound of Words, as when after turn, ».be- 

•gi«S «•::■** W«rd;» Niwwimi am navibus, 

-Jqm, \KJK»»iQr wb» a Word following begins 

with the fame Syllable that the former Word ended 

with {fas D»t»Q*€Ajhr*. ■■■■■: ■ 

€g$tttli« or CaClWfeWI, one that has an ill 
^abitofBody. ".-■•' 

Cacj^rp, an illConaimtioril Habit, or State of 

-the Body, proceeding from a bad Difpofition Of the 

Humours; which is often follow'd by ling'ring 

Feaverv^«*foT«{«*W»». ; P f 0P* s «^ f * ! ''^l' * i 
- i-CdHflPa* thaitoni-Aw. grows afoo Nut>« s ^' 
Goflings on WiUows, 0V. Mapjbch»ts,. or £tik 


CacbCVCU a fore of Fifli r -fo~call.d f Ucauk ic is 
of a Joofening Quality, and Purges the Bdty. , * 

has laid her Egg. • *alMA 

Chylificatitiia/ whcA* tb^aH^tt^P^W^J^ * 
.fluataduly made:) r ,« . • * ^yin .anW vui of »▼»■*> 

Ca(OCt)fmifl§ abiaiidapc^^^Acai^lpl^tNna^ 
in the Body, caus'd J>y W BhrtftiliiWy/Cfenai 
Digeftion. ^^ -2 ->rii # «h^"^ 

Aftrologns, fche Twelfth Hdrfe^ AySchf we^i^l «- 
gure of the Heavknf, fo called by reafon of itsl&teMU 
ful Sigftificadofi^ af feci* Eoew*^iti«lJMfes f 
ImpriloDDient, £^d ••* ■ • j y;r», ■■ » •*? •» - ^^^\ 

Cacoei^J^ an. ill Habit,, an et U Cuftm^ or 
Fafhion : Alfo a Boil, Botch, ox Sore Jttt<h<lo 
be car v d % a ftbelUotts Ukctf; a ' txmkpmntD^ 
cafe. .. > * M ,; - •»■ v ^° 1 ^o 

Cacopatl^ a faferiaig of^Evil f a lyiag undn8a 
painfolDifeaie^tfa, Calamity. - ^ *»u »ri 901 H 

CaCf^lJStlllU See C*u*pk*tm* •;- i-.n *rii -ral 

C4C0p^trta ? a; bad Tone of cW AWlt>pro- 
ceeding from an ill State of itaOrgau%<cr>lBaifi*- 

CacOt^af^ to Indifpofition of the Bodyv fA«i* 
cularly a tUftemper in thole Parts that ooffty the 

( i'ii>. I !>d3 ^rror: 

; "v* 


CaCD2^tl)mU0, an unequal. Pulfe. < r 

CacofpbPTia. a bad Pidfe. t Ik 

. CaCiflomK^m^ that faa*a bad So»ach.*' ..» 

CaCOffttt^etOIV (in KUurSck} a fwlty Cb^yb - 
fiucn, or joyaiqg tog^her of Woods '»Cii/«e». 
tence. ■ ' -• » f ' *> ; »- =>: ; "1 

CKtffOrill, (in the Am) of Pfc/H)^ii ill 
Nouriftiment, proceeding from a Fault -of- tie 
Blood. >' ^ 

CaCfltKlX, («. f- evil Fortune) the She* H«Te 
of an Analogical Figure, focmiaics fo call < from 
.110 bad Signiikauoa^ m Difcafcs,^ j -ko v 

CoCOjCiUt, (in S$mrick) pcrtfitrfc JmKatiob," Af- 
ic<ftcdnefs. . , : , - > 

CaC0J£lum 7 a Term us'd .when an Oration^ :fer 
Speech is faulty by Impropriety of Worda^: i#afcc of 
Qqberence, Redondaacy, ObfcwkSS«N^^*S 

CactOB* a kind of Thiftle,. m itefcti&ht ( ^ 
. <$aCUb*UUJtrOf CuCttbullim, an HMi»#bofe 
Leaves are good to heal the Biting of S offe a fcl ; 
Xhickweed. . jviiiliJI^r-- 

CaDatKtOUS, U**.) bebngiitg to a dtaftG***, 
or Carcafs. .-.*.i3a« ^ 

CftBOtfn, aBixd otherwfe called a Ctfcfqp, or 
Jack-daw. ^01 

Cafie, (Lst.) a Cag, Cask; otiBarndbc^" >•>"* 
Cite Of ^Ctttngd, a Veflfel ^or Meafuwvcilii- 
taining the Quantity of 500 Red.hefrin^t 4>f 
Sprats 10pp. )ii 'v<;h 

CaW^lamb, a young Lamb wean'd, andtrooght 
up by hand in a Houfc. • .^as>)sA 

CaDCf* SctCddct- > u *y\ 

CaHer, CaOtW or Cafit, (^r^iHi. ejfcor^^or 
Magiftrate) a kind of Juftice of Peace amoAg Jfcc 
r«r<>, itid other Eaftern People. *:k u-'* 

CalttUftljCr or CatwUfcJjn:, a g^at Om»*ouT T 
or chief Magiftrate in 7urk& f of wfckh 6xt uttte 
are only . two, v/^ One qypr Aiu»6>, dMal^lHkr 
Jfia, and the other over Grnf^u t ^.1:Mdv; V' 
CaMtlce, (jU#.) the en4 or^iaJbofikaiPdrio^^r 
Sentence : In Mufiofc; C^W»^>G^«L«f «liiad 
of Conciufioft 0/ jt^^XimefMUatt is, inwto4oMUt 
the Parti together in .lftl^r4i^Iadb>oJtii|^(|(Sy. 

- ,€fiW«r y i( i^gfilllafli^ ajafentf Ain iiniii?^ 
JPtoer i«.fei4 %itf«i^a<a a**» ^«ai,«Mn 

un; I -ii/o'*} 2i u baa .Jf joodsiw lfaw amm dbaioalM 

Digitized by 



C A 

C A 

and TN/frttfttt Houfe of a Scheme, or Figure of the 
IIM , ,■■ ^ttiog-^hofi^ that ar^ o4*t--£c*ai- the 
Angles. -sssH^.i ;,.«» .iid 

Mfi«|#*^aterf ^F*J J a ^onager £«N*»ir*>But 

m tifd^oWil^Qtfttty kaktrf foHa- VWfcntfa* ifeat ? 
fares in the wars, lipon his own Chatge, as young: 

<*Jw*Werftfo;<X*rrymg Arms to learn Ripetiencej 


C&btfe, the Straw- worm, an Infedt. 

9mA0|«^ftund'#Mniie of Waod upon which 

nfaww^t^y* " 

y*tHeir Hawks When they bring them 

,7 'lUXtofSmbXi a Wfcb Mountain in iff *dfcwdfc- 
(bin ; commonly call'd King Arthur's Chair, 
x tM^ !>» noied|8ea^poft Town of JtM&dufia, a 

\ { < mtOmj$i <fG*) Brafs ftone^ &r Brafs-oar, a Stone 
out of which Brafs is tried : Alio * kind of foft 
«Seriflc^ gforwife call-d hqfo Cslamumtris, which 
being burnt fends forth a yellow Smoak, and is us*d 
far' the turning of Copper into Brafs, 
~m itjiUlilfggj a> fort of precious Stone, having 
ttfrrf Specks* about > it. 

CaWlUI, a Kins of the FhenicUns, and firftln- 
mbiibc Lettets of the Gr^ Alphabet 1 
-* fMtofftgflta, (i**. Civil-law Tefin> Bfcheats, 
Goods fallen, or forfeited to the Prince* Trea- 

CtmtCUIB #mbM^^Fa^^6>*iie6i j t'Difeafe 
fo ca«d»bccanfe Fetfons troubWWilh % ItD dowq 
*£ptdeary upon the Ground. <" '^ '• '• • 1 
^MJ8m y a Pit*, o* H^headj an incient Mfca a 
fere that contain d about Eighteen Gallons. . • - 

mxdtt, {Gr.)i the Nortfi^eaft WHkT ^hf&ing* 
$3oad* towasds ksown Point. ' ,if ? /; j 

CarfiHa, (X**.) the Blind-wonn, or Sloc-worta j 

t KM*kMK Ifnttftfamtlt? (in ,ffi*>.) thebHn*Gtei 
fo nam'd, becaufe onfrend of it if flifct utvialtH 

^0rajBfc*tba£> the»Ord*Fe -arid the Humour call'd 
Chyle, both come in and go out at the fame Ori- 

C*fAo^<a«r/^Ld#.)^ Onion, a Piamf of aj 

hot a«l windy Qnahty; -' ! 

>VodC*rtlto, (is-i^the^Jtetiftrd, Sm«c*, or'&one-; 

* tfSrufettm, a kind of Sand found aniidft the 
tQtJDoMaoki and Silver, and anciently uVd by! 
Painters. ■ "" 

ic t <^rfntJ a.NaiBe aftiHy^iven toTwefVe Bmpe- 
rours of /fcw* that fucceeded Julius Cafar, as affo 
afterward* *©< the Heir Apparent of any Emperour: 
.^waairih^v'SinanAc of the Julian Family, either 
iCbecaafe the firfthof them was cut dut of bis Mo- 
ther's Belly, or upon account of his being born 

Ccfinrtan Section or iDperattam, the cutting o- 

pen of the Mothers Belly, or Womb, to make 
;<WJ^TK)ftr # the Child to-be taken out ; and C*fari#n 
^Miffh *t chat of a Child brought into the World 

that way. 

M!j&&M+4iLstS) a ferge Gauntlet, or Glove made 
-*#la nr#Hidc t and ftrengthen'd with Lead, which 
?4taWtidfer*4ttn&g the ancient Romans made ufe 

of, when they fought at Fifty-cufi in the Publick 
1 j^nea) r btvEttMM. 

Lf^4fef**£^4ktmf$ a Mud- of girdle which 
MfetPttfltand V*mnt\t hate rivta to the Heathen 

C n h tl j a Cut, or Gafli, a Notch ; a piece of a 
£*Bg*t P> Ittfa* Alft^ Kg«K ; in fer#^ and i 
flM^lMro^ a*«a Owrft^mkttn ail odd Syllable 
jAfika^att** %ttaM£iin4i the Wdrdri 
m Gtfv* ii« fieOrfEtff^ That fe^ Verfet ctei 
tmade ta ran wdl without it, and it is Four- 

fold, m%. Triemimeris, Penthtmrneris, Htpbthzmi- 

rrm*,w* 9 «uu *L*r**u,*m*n*9f >* ^ WIUU1 %JCC All U1CJDIIKD* 

per Places. ' -rr44. tK 

K C4ff or »0jr flf j&turgton, a Barrel, or VefTeJ 
that contains trdte Foar to tfive tjallontP^f it v T 

Caffr^to^ft, the uppermoftr carted IWitoof a 
Ships Hull. r it. » - rsmolJcVy 

Cagta, (in oH Latin >$&*) a Krdica*e,a 
Coop for Hens. * ■' * nnrjv9 viujf,5 

Ca^tfT* See C^fr. •'•-*•>■> 

Caiapf»0, fS>r. a Walker about) the Nanw'of 
a High Pricft among the ?**% hi our Bldfttt Savi- 
ottr's Time. '^ 

To €a|0le, (FK) to flattcr, r Iboth up, « coaks ; 
to inveigle, or beguile. 

CajOlttg, a courting, o^lllirtfitfg'np^f s Flatte- 
ry, or vain Praife. . . n * , 

Catmacan, an Officer of great Dignity among 
the Turt>?; aiThcCmmmcm&fCmslaMinofawkQ 
is Governour of the Ci4^r, in Po#er next to. the 
Grand Vifkt and Jtofii. .-*H. ' 

Catthn> (Fr;> a <wer f d ; Waggon, or Garriage 
for Provifions, tif Ammunition: for an Artny : Alio 
a Cafe, or Cheft fiU'd wkh fbi^er, or Bombs, 
which the Befieged bncy artdcr (bme Wotk, cq 
blow up dser Enemy wherr Matter of it, Testing 
Fire to tbeCbefr by a Tcaki xonvey *d in ;n ftpe ; 
It is'otherwife termed a Wpetficiai Fiurneau, or 
Afito. »-n. .- - • •' k-V • • .W - r ' 

CaftflR a wifcrabte Skve^ i kwd Wreifefc^ a 
pirrifW/^rfy^ltew. -; Mx& 

€amm%4 chained, or bound with Chains. 
Cittern: •■-*? ■ • ■ -^ ^MO * 

Calabtt; the Skin, or Furrof a little Creatare^ 
ttfae faaie Name, about the bignefs of a Sb>>rel, 
which H of a gray Colour, and bred forth* moft 
ftrt In High G^m^ir. .* u - 3 

Calan^ a fort of Mineral, found n^lotj^^ire 
in *&e Eaft.IttdUs. " ^ 1 — 

<Wa«lgr0ftu1, (Gr.) the Herb Sheer-gtfc% or 
Reed-grafs. r ' * 

Calaftwrr, a kindof Fifli. .'■ -"J5 ; 

Calamteaffc Itatff, (fc*#.) tfti Cararmine- ftoaa ; 
which being miat with Copper, trfrts. it ihto yel- 
low Brafs. There is alfo an Artificial Sort made iu 
Cdppetiforgtfs and Furnaces. .-•?♦- 

CaUtnlKttMi, a(Gr.>the HerbCalarrdnt, : other- 
Oftft arifil Motmtaura^nr, good'againft f Pblfons, 
Con vulfioi^ Raptures; Jaundice, &c. '* 

C«Umttf0 or ealamtta, a little green Frog, 
llting atmtift Heeds and Shrubs | alfo a fort of Gem 

<alattftt0St0$ (b anc^nt Deeds) a Stick, «or<Sag 
put into the Motlth of 'Dogs to hinder their Bark- 

C*l«»t<WU& (t4^.) miferable, wretched, hard. 

CallWlltf, Mifcry, Trouble, Misfortune, Di- 

Calamotlmtt0 9 (Gr) a kind of^Down, or wooI4 
Jy Subftance that grows about Canes, or Reeds. 

Calamuf, a Reed dr Cane, a Rrie 1 a Straw or 
Stalk, a-Quill.. 

calamitt j3romattmf, a kind of fweet Ctoe; 

or Reed us'd by Apothecaries in TavcjRal Medi. 

Calamus ^frfl«miU0, a Wrhteg-pen : In Aria- 
tomy. a certain fpace about the Fourth Verirriclfc of ' 
the Brain, the lower parr of which is let into the 
Mtfiu\la OHingatd, and there makes a Cavity, or 
hollow Pipe, (hap'd like a Pen ; whence it has its 
Name. .*...- ^ 

Cal«U|a f *e Bufttfhg^ rkftid b^tirrk. * 

Calatlgtlltl^ (in anCfcnt l**i>ri)^ daBfege; 

Cbim; or DWpute. ' ■-■ **>>■'•■'* "» ^ .-[ 
Calata CamitU, f among the ^»i4»#) an At- 

fembly of the People, who were call'd together 
N fo* 

Digitized by 




C A 

for the Elediion and Con 

bare of. Wills, tic. 

Confecration of Pr iefts, Pip- 

Calatlltana^ a fort of Violet-flower without 
Smell, that fprings in Autumn. 

Calatrafca, a PUqe in Spain, which gives Name 
to.anQrdtr of , Knights, cali'd Knights of CaU- 

Galcagilim, (in old j^<w<//) a Tax, or Contri- 
bution anciently paid by the Neighbouring Inhabi- 
tants of a Country, for the making and repairing 
of common Roads. 

Calcaneus or fi)S CalCUEJ, (in Anat.) the Heel- 
bone, or bone of the Tar/us, which lies under the 
Aftragdi, and is united to them by the Joynting, 
ca!l*d Ginglymus. 

CakanttjiillU Sec Chakanthum. .,• . 

Calcaf, a Spur for a Horie ; alio a Calcining- 
furnace us'dby Chy milts. 

Calcaiiunt, Lime-ftone, the Earth of which 
Lirnc is made. 

CalCfa, (in ancient Deeds) a Road, or High- 
■nzintain'd with Stones and Rubbiih. 

CilCCata or CalCCtum, a Caufcy, or Caufe- 

CtJlfftptQC^, (i,u Anat*) are Three fmall Bones, 
WhVchwuh others maJce up that part of the Foot 
which fucceeds the Aacle. # 

CfllCtnattOU, (in Ckjmijh)) the Ad of Calci- 
ning, the reducing of a mixt Body into Powder by 
means QfJFire, pr of any thing thaj has a corrpding, 
& taring Quality as Quick- Aver, Aqua Fortune. 

j^lofopliical or ^pagitical Calculation, is 

When Horns, Bones, or Hoofs are hanged over boil- 
ine Water, or pxhtf Liquor, 'till having loft *U 
fbeir Moiftufe, they may be eafilypowderU 

fjlctnation of Copper. S^ J# ufium. 
alcinattort of Jpltnt0 or of Cfgaal, § ebbtaf, made by gating thjem red-hot, a^tfc en 
cafring them whilft fo into cold Water, or Vine- 
gar ; which being done Four or Five timoS} they'll 
become very brittle, and may be cafily povv- 

To Calcine, to burn to a Calx, or Cinder. 

CaUtfraga, (Lar.) a kind ofSaxifrage,anHerb 
good agamit the Stone; Harts-tongue. 

To Calculate, to caft Accounts, to compute, or 
reckon ; to model, or frame a Difcourfe, &c. 

Calculation, the Ad of Calculating, or Com- 
puting ; an Account, or Reckoning. 

Calculus, a fmail Pebble, or Grayel-ftone ; a 
Chack-ftone, a Counter to caft Account with, a 
Chefs-man, or Table-man : Alfo a Stone in the 
Kidneys, or Bladder of a Humane Body; 

CalCUltifi ?DiffCrrnrialt5, (among Mathematici- 
ans) is the Arithmetic* of the infinitely fmall Dif- 

i -enccs between valuably Quantities 5 wfa c k ln 
England is cali'd the Arithmetic^ of Fluxions. See 

Calculus Sntcgtali^, is. the Method of finding 
tEe proper flowing Quantity of any given Flux- 
ion ; and is the Reverfe of the Calculus Difftren- 
tlajis, which finds the Fluxion from the flowing 

* CaiUaitOj, (in old Bjwds) a Cauldron, or Cop- 

CalDflrium, a Cauldron, or Kettle; alfo a hot 
Bath, or dry Bath, 

<£alcb, (Heb t a Dog) one of thofe Worthies that 
accompany'd Jojhua m the Difcovery of the Land 
of Canaan* 

CalCtSOnian 5KBUDD, a great Wood in Scotland, 
whence the whole Country was cali'd Caledonia or 

Calefattion, (Lat.) a heating, or warming : In 
a Philosophical Senfe, the producing, orftimngnp 
of Heat in a mixt Body, 

Calendar, an Account, or piftriburion of Time 
fitted for Civil Ufe, arid taken from the ^opori 
of the Heavenly Bodies ; an Almanack in ,wjjich 
are fee dawn the Days of the Weeks and Months, 
with the Feftivals that happen during the Year; 
the Sun's Rifing and Setting, the Changes pf^ebe 
Moon, and Tides, &c , . ^-5- w ~ y 

Calendar tfAronotmcal. See Afironomicst Ca- 
lendar. , Ll 

Calfll&cr, one whofe Trade is to Calender, i. e. 
to Smooth, Trim, or fct a Glofs upon Linnen- 
cloth, Sutffs, gfc. Or the Engine us'd for that pur- 
pole : Alfo a fmall InfecSt that eats Corn. 

CalaiHB , the firft Day of every Month; fo 
nam'd by the Romans, from the GreeJi 'Word 
Caleo to Call; becaufe anciently counting their 
Months by the Motion of the Moqjq, <a Prieft 
was appointed to obferve the exad Time of the 
New Moon, and to give Notice of it to the Pre& 
dent over the Sacrifices, who cali'd the Pe.QpJe to- 
gether, and declared to • them how the Days" 
were to be reckoned 'till the Nones ; pronoun- 
cing the Word Caleo Five times if the Nones 
happen'd on the Fifth Day, or Seven times, if 
they happen'd on the Seventh Day of the 

Month. '$"%' 

CalenDuU, ( Lat. ) the Marigold, Plant and 

Calrntur*, a burning Feaver. 
CalCfy orCalaft, a little open Chariot for Two 
Perfons to ride in. * ^ 

Catrttlc or CalttlC, (Fr.) a fort of facet ted 
Apple. . See Antumn-Cafo\le> 

Calf> the Young of a Cow » among Hunters, a 
Male-Hart, or a Hind of the firft Year. 

^ca^Calf, a great Filh with a Velvet black {pot- 
ted Skin, the Fleffa of which is like that of A Suck- 

Calfi, (among the Juyh) the ^cond of the Nine 
Degrees of the Students of the Mahometan Law, or 
Religion. '■ \ afciLltf 

Caliber or Caliper^ (Fr. in Gunnery) the Big- 
nefs, or rather the Diameter of a Piece of Ordi- 
nance, or any pother Fire-arms at the Bore, or 

t CailDltp, (Lat.) Hear. ■L* 

CaliDUCt^ a kind of Furnace, us\l by the anci- 
ent Homans, to cenvey Heat from one Room to 
another. l^u 1 . 

CaltDUJtt 3fnnatum, ( Lat. ) a Term us*d by 
fome Writers in Phyfick for the natural Heat of 
the Body. ia 

CallfaCtO?P, a Room in a Monaftery, where the 
Religious Perfons warm thcmfelves. 
Caliper- See Caliber and Callipers. 
Caliph or Caltff, a Ftrfian Word, fignifying 
King, or Emperor. 

Caltpo&ium or Calopouium, ( Gr .) a Wooden 
Shooe, or Patten : In fomc old Records, a fort of 
Gallofliooes, or Cafes to wear over one's Shooes ; a 

Calmer or CallttJCr, a fmall Gun us'd ac SeaJ 
To Calb or Cauft a &|HP, is to drive Oak- 
am, Spun-yarn, or the like into all the Seams, 
Rends, ajid wooden Pins to keep aut the Wa- 



CalbClJ, (old Word) caft up. 

CalUing4COn0> Iron-Chizxels well laid oyer Whh 
hot Pitch, to thruft the Oakam into the Seams be- 
tween the Planks. jV f . fttln^ilftTk 

Call, ( in Hunting ) a Leflbn blown upon the 
Horn to comfort tiie Hounds: Among Fowlers, 
Calls are Artificial Pipes, made 00 catch Quails* 
Moor-powts, and othej Birds, by imitating their 


Digitized by 


G A 

■ i 

C A 

Caftaifc (Gr.) a kind of precious Stone, like a 
Sapphire of a bright Sea-green Colour. 

CaflartaS, the Haddock, or Wfairing, a Fifh. 

CaUibtofcf Uth; a Medicine with which Wo- 
mens Eye-brows were made black, to render them 
more beautiful. 

CalltCOe, a fort of Linnen-CIoth brought from 
Calicut, a Town of the Kingdom of Malabar in 
.the Eaft-Indies. 

C&UtCf* UB y the Sweet-bread, the fame as Pancre- 
as j which fee. 

CalUgcncn, the Herb Way-gtafs, or Knot- 

Cafligraphr, fair, or handfome Writing. 

CalltmanCOr, a fort of woollen Stuff. 

CalUori 3 {Gr.) a kind of Night-fhade, an 
„ HL&lWWyuwJh * Fim wnoic tiau is gooa ror tne 

fe& and curei Bloud-lhot in thehl j atfb the Lilly 
the Valleys* a Flower. 
- CatltSpC, the firftof the Nine Mnfes, faid to pre- 
side; over Harmony, Hcroick Poetry, and Hymns 
made in' honour of the .Gods. 

CalUptrg, ao Inftrument made like a Sliding- 
Rule, to embrace the Two Heads of a Cask, or 
Barrel, in order to find the length of it. 

. tfafifcr* orCaltt9er.€omya(re0 9 a fort of Com- 

pafles, with crooked, or bowing Legs, us'd by Gun- 

• ners to meafure the Bores and Cylinders of Guns, 
ancj the Diameters of Bullets. 

CallfofrfCft #Ctfo&, (in Chronol.) a Cycle, or 
period of 76 Years, which Callipus % a fanious Gre- 

tim Aftronomer invented to improve that of Me- 

ten ; after the Expiration of which time* he fup- 

pos'd the Lunations, or Changes of the Moon would 
-all. happen on the fame Day of the Month and 

J-Idtir oF the Day, as before. 
. CsflttftUtftte, (Gr.) a Fig of an exquifite Tafte, 
^uid cooling Qp»iity. 

' CftUftf^ * kind of At* in Ethiopia, wift a 
Tofig ; Beard, ahd a fpfead Tail • alfo the HeH> j 

3yiaf<J$0-hair. ; 

. ."'* CaUoOtp ?£*'•) calloufhefs, hardnefs, orthkk- 
jnefs of the Sfciri, properly 1 that which is occaffone'd 

by much labour. 

CaflOUfc, having a thick Skin, hard, brawjiy. fh i 
,S$gz^ri% a Swelling, or Ulcer, is faid To growcatlous 
^wlgjn jis Bafden'd, which fometimes happerl'ttf the 

Lips or a Wound. 
^ ... Clltoto^ unfledged^ bare, or not covered' "with , 

" ^ftOttS, ( Lat. ) a kiiid of hard Ffefli ; alfo 
Brawn,, or ba'rdnefs of the Skin, by much La. 

'feoinV Among Surgeons, it is taken for a fort of 
glewy Subftance that grows about broken Bones, 

~aod ferxesto (older them. 

* tim, (Fr.)ftill, quiet. - 

> v £ <JMm or j&tarfe Calm, a word us*d at Sea, 
f when there is iio< a Breath of Wind ftirring. 
/ CkUtttetag* (Gr.) fweet Sublimate, a Chymi- 
cal Preparation, thef fame as Mcrcurius iultis $ 

'WfiMt*" See Calif bdium. 

rjltotW* See: Emphyton Thermm. 
_.* *S> certain 6r&£ Monks of the Order taf 

*• Ctt&ttlfteB} a kind of Linnen-drawers, ufually 
,yqra amon^^ the 7iir)[/. ^ r 

■^tli*) the MaVigttld Plant and Flower. 

C(»ll|K4rafC«, £f*r:) T 'are Irbns 
^^#6:thrtfe; at four Inchefclong, 
w * fC tfMiSr,lfhac which way (bever 
pf fHMie* top^rinofr, like^a Nail : 
^^^y'nlOTa Wrfcf *to thrdW ^Bridg- 
es, Planks, Breaches, tfc. To annoy the Enemicfc 

Horfe, that they may not approach without great 
Difficulty r Alfo an Inftrument with Three Iron- 
points, usd in hunting the Wolf ; and an Herb of 
which there are feveral fore* ; as Land-Caltrops, 
Water-Caltrops, &c. 

CaltJa, {Lat) the hairy Scalp, or uppe* part of 
the Head, which grows bald firft, either by Difeafe, 
or Old Age. 

CaItocTria ; a Scull, alfo a Place of Sculls, a com- 
mon Place of Burial. 

Caltat'P, a Mouritain without the City of Jeru- 
falem, fo cail'd from dead Mejis Sculls found there, 
and Golgotha in Hebrew. 

In Heraldry a Crofs Calt33r? is a Crofs rais'd on 
the Steps of a Ladder. 

CaltC04hOUt, a fort of Herb. 

Caltomtfm, the DoArine and Principles oijohn 
^*mn, a ttt&btls Kefbfnier df the CKurdi of Ge- 


Calttfntff, one that fbfldw^ that DoOriae. 

Cal%ttum 9 (Lat.) Baldnefs. 

To Caltttttttiatt, to accufe^ or charge falHy* to 
alledge againft- one maflicoufly, to Slander, or 

CaluntniatO?, a Slanderer, or falfe Accufer. 

Caltnn^ falfe Imputarion, malicious AiQxrfion, 

Caljf, (Ldt) Chalk, Lime, Mortar : Iii Anatd^ 
my, the Heel, or the fecond Bone in that part of 
the Foot which fticceeds the Angle, being bigger 
and ftnmgfctf than the reft; fo that a Marf ihay 
ftand more firmly upon it, and not fall fe ti&ff 
backwards. - :■ ^ 

In Chymijhy, Caly, i$ that which ia produced 4ff| 
the calcining, or burning of any Metal, or Mine- 
ral, in a Crucible, &c. Thus fome Sttmes are burnt 
to a Calx, and the A(he$ of Vegetabfea, Holland 
Bones are likewife fo cail'd. " 1 • :,! < •"• - 

€tirtf&tirtmm+ See Amimtmnm Di*pbw*l 

CalpT, (Gr. among HerMtfts) the C*p*bf the 
Flower in any Plant,. or the fthall green Leasts 
on the top of the Stalk in Herb*, with which, 
firft the Bloffom, and' an^erwardi ehe / S^ed is co- 
ver*d and enclos'd. 'Tis alfo fometimes taken for 
the Flower irfelf> when its Figure is like 'that of 
a Rofe-btfd, and not yet having its LeaVes fpfead 

Carnml 5 f FV.) a Bifhop^s Purple Ornamertt woftt 
over the Rochet. 

Camataftr or Ca*tmHe,a Companion^ or, 
Chamber-fellow ; an intimate Friend. 

CailtarOfft, ( Gr.) a railing j^rith an Arch, or 
Vault : In Sutg&y, a Blow upon Tthe ScuH whereby; 
fome part of the Bone It left banging up like an 

€atttber(n& (amohg Se+<me*) the Defck of £ 
Ship is faid To he c*mkering, when it does not lie 
level, but higher in the middle than at either end : 
Alfo if her J^eef be bent Rtiiti the middle upwards, 
they fay She is Camht^eled. 

Cafftbtttttf, (La*.) the exchanging, ot battering 
of Commodities ; alfo an Exchange, o* Place where 
Merchants rtieet t In fome old Authors that treat of 
Pfyfick* i* i* taken for one of the Three Humours 
that nourifh the Body, the other Two being cail'd 
Gluten and Ups 5 whicbSee* ' 

<lmtott\ 7 a Britijh Word fightfying a crooked 
Stick, wiih Notches i#k, on which Butdherthang 
their Meat. . t , 

Cailllntai the Country of Wales, faid to be fo 
nam'd from Cumber ttte $ot&o6-&ru*is. 

Cam*?ft* ? a forr of fiffe Linfren-Cloth made zx, 
Cambrmy, a City of the Low- Countries. > 

: €fttitfl*0, f G+y)*te >C&x*4\ f *Bkt& ©f Bur- 
l^en/cdlrttooft inf ^IWlttftei^iCototAi^ th«tr cart 

/i;M * . > -u :.v carry 

Digitized by 


carry a Thouiend Pounds Weight, and live Ten or 
Twelve Days without caring or drinking. 

<&Mtl£l&l&&V> a *" nci of fweet-fmelling Rufti 
brought oui oi thofe Parts, which is very agree- 
able co Camels ; as alfo effectual in Flyficl^ for the 
Stomach, Uv#* &*m* *o4 agatoft fpkting of 
r K^cfWlrtWH^ * Greaiufe like a Lizard, but that 
its Head ia jwggocapd broader : It has Four Feet, 
Th^^Tocs tipOftjeadi, and a long Tail, with 
:jfchid| it f^Wittpbn.Treei, suv well as with its 
Feet : It frequents the Rock*; lays Eggs, and lives 
qpgn > Flies, {&. -T^te ordinary Colour of it is a 
whaifh Gray, but being expo* d to the Sun, or fet 
upan^hesColouf* jiibnie pans oi the Skin change 
thc^Q^lour, afoWa^pUaUntmamier. 

4fiWti3XI&* Treacle,, or Wotm-feed. 

CimilsnatBaltBur Caawlapartus, a Beaft 

ftan!d jlike a Ctcttcl, rtod If otced like a Panther. • 

C^^0»6tW«r^te Herb Hore^iound. 

Camera, (Lat.) a vaulted or arched Building 

.M ]J%m Qtmbfiti oc gallery : la feme old 2fc- 

j*wA»^K:iMWP llpaahy binding, or crooked plat 

of Grqund, . ...... ji. i: . •* - 

• <E^«^i©WPW:a>o;iSce O^rar^Ciwi^. 

• .■ $«WSP ft? JfWUHir, a JDifeafein Harks, when 
fmali Warrs, or Pimples, arife ii> the midft of 
tfep jMtte Pi c be Jrfpaih £ wfcictttfl* ?ety fofc and 
-feff'ji/ %p4 foawdows- br#ed in the Lips and 

Csutita, (in ancient. Jteofr) Camlety er fine Stuff, 
j»|dea$fir$j>nreto of.Cam^l'aHairi f v. 

Cflmiiatl^ (Sjwift) a fadden AflSralt, or Sur- 
Jpri^ t (i^j FOb Bncmy by Night ;.fa;eaU'4 from a 
4|^*/i$^r^Wj>itl». *hf AffaiUmn ptu over their 

o <?IJttkV # fifW a£ Siuff »^« paniy *f Camel's 
Hair, and partly of Silk or Stuff. 
xp £mmm> (fit) a kind of Crarkt* or Gay- 
fifti. Cammarns Marinas, the Lobfter. 

• ^tttJMPk, arfMnfe that has a hard Mg<Root, 
and is otherwise calPd RefiSbarrow. 

AmHdfcrXQti» Herb of a fweet Smell, 
which grows and fpreads more by being trampled 

, .CM <oJ4 ^oc4j crooked upward* 

or filU)^ foo^c&imes iqtWnched, and ibmetimes 
without any other Defence than the ^Advantage of 
t^eCroup^.. . - . -..^v i^.-^ -1 • 

Catttf #arftal or €*ttt$#aft*r» See JWbtr*/: 
4&*/ and Mafijr faQwf* - "'-' ' /i-«i 

^jftWlMBW^ or Army, 

^jraogi %>4y pli^fe and Foot, ufually com- 
^jU^4^y a Li^jten^itfCeacM^ whickis always 
in Motion, to prevent the Inroads of the Enemy, 
tokeqg ffeeir Fctf^a in continual Alarm, lahkder 
Convoys, to throw it £ti£ upon occafioo into a Be- 
n*gedP4*ce, (fo .;. M .. . 

£8#$9«H** tifilfmtik* PJ*»> a Champion, 
or open Country, Jp /Military Affairs, the ( pace of 
Time every Year thai aa Anrny continues in the 
fkW &WP8 W, Witfi AJKeld-Erpedirion, or a 
Summers-War : Thus a Man is faid 7) bat* nuyk 
TfrfW <?MM|fi4,. pvii^i ha has fpent fo many Yeats 
in warlike Services in the Field. 

J^WrtWW&JWIt (#JPWW CmfiStimert) a potv 
table Oven made of red Copper, Three or Four 
Ja^ft&ftJtedfi* ^aimirQelesvtb, and raised a 
litj^ BpoBt^fer^ foas Fine may be kindled under- j 
neath : Th^lCo^aflW iidof « bas Ledges co hold 
Fip^^l^yift, AAcgjtf & mmffary to put ibme 00 

•./r .- 
Cdm/vna Iv/itU, a 
portable Hand-bell, fuch as were in ufe 
among other fbfgiBk Geftmaiiies in the Hamm \ 
t swa3^ 

Church, and are iliU teuln^ AiMfafdks* 
Fubhck Criers, G?c ^^ H - - . (f ^-^^ 

CampmrifbiWte, a Term^usUby /ome;..^;^- 

) Rope- 

ri IfaXh5ftJ l &* Wfl c »o»r» www* 


/(/rx, for any Flower that is fhap'd like a 

Casttpomla 9 aJiple Bell 5 aif c£e 

weed, or 'Wbcin-bind 

Camtninla ifrrtteiW, *e b^ ^^^^ir 

C<J»^r£w7-Bells. r '.. , f . 

Camvanulatt ifttbirr; the » k^W&* 

Campttomv (in old L^t/is %^j' "angSgir 
portion of a larger JField or GtQupd 1 |A|£^«. 
irr(;, a Divifion or Share 0/ what wouioTBcc&ier- 
wife in grots or common. . lf ^ ^ ' 

Campt, (<3r.) a Worm r or Cfn^ ^j^. iM^y, 
Feet ; a Palmer, or Cater-pillar. " 1 na^i; 

Camppcjrfo, a kind of IndUn W66d. ^^{f- 

C:mp6w, the Gum or Rofin of a Tree much 
like a Walnut-tree, that grows in the £ajl Indies 
upon Mountains near the Sea, and in the Ifland of 
Bom 9, fo large, that a Hundred Men may ftaad 
unde; the Shade of ir. This Gum flows in great 
abundance after Tempefts and Earthquakes. 

Camp&0?ata, (Lat.) the Herb Lavender-cotten, 
or G rden-Cyprefs. 

C inpt0n0j an Herb that bears a pretty Flower, 
as being a kind of Lychnis, or Bachelers- button. 
The Herb and Se^d are ufeful againft Bleeding, 
Gravel , venomous Bites , Ulcers , Cancers, Fi- 
ftula's, &c 

Catnpufl ^attiU^ a Field near i\ome } Dedicated 
to the God Man, where the Hom^n Youth us'd to 
Exercife, and the People affembled c give their 
Votes for the Choice of Magistrates, 

Campus S>CCiCtatU)5, a Place where the Veftal 
Nuns that broke their Vow of Virginity were 
bury'd alive. 

Canaan, (Hek a Merchant) the Son of Hm % q£ 
whom the Land of Canaan took its Name. 

CanaW$, an American £ird moil beautiful to 
behold, by reafon of the admirable Variety of its 
Feathers; its Eyes are red like a Ruby, aad.the 
Head adorn'd with a Cap of VermiIipn-coJQur T 4 
Feathers fparkling like a live Coal. .This Bird is 
about the bignefs of a Pheafant, and very Kind to 
Friends, but feverc to its Enemies. 

Canatlte, (Fr.) the Mob or Rabble, the Dregs of 
the People. 

Canal, (Lat.) an artificial River for the draining 
of Fenny Grounds, a large Paflage for Water, cut 
from one Place to another. In Anatomy, Canals 
are any Channels, or Paflages, by which the Hu- 
mours, or Juices of the Body are conveyed, as thofc 
which ferve for the Spittle, Gall, Pancreaiick 
Juice, &c. 

Canaliculus SLttttWUB, a Veffel between the 
Arterious Vein of the Lungs, and the great Artery,, 
found in Fcctus\ or Children in the Womb, but 
worn out in Perfons grown up to riper Years. 

Canarta, Hounds-grafs, an Herb with which 
Dogs provoke Vomit. 

Canaries, certain Iflands in the Atlantic^ Stzl 
anciently cali'd the Fortunate JJlands ; from whence 
the Canary Wines are brought. 

Canatp^bitO, an admirable Singing-bird of a 
green Colour, formerly bred in the Canaries, and 
no where clfe - 7 but of late Years we have them in 
abundance from Germany, and thefe are much bet- 
ter Birds than the other. 

Cana r^cafe, * *"nd of Herb. 

Cancamum, (Gr j a fptt of Gum brought out 

of Arabia, which is much like Mytxh. 

To Caned, (Lot.) to rate, crofs* or blar out j 
to deface, to make void j to ftinr, or Jfct Bounds 


Digitized by 


C A 

■ ., , - ,- • r - r ■ - v • 

CHtttfltff, a Term us'd in the Arc of Falconry, 
when a light-flown Hawfc in Jjp£ r Stooping, turn* 
two or three Times upon the , Wing^ to recover 
herfelf before IheTelfees the Prey. 

CanrrllattUE, (L^.)an Officer of finall repute 
in the Bgman Empire, who fat in a Place ftmt up 
with Grates or Bars, to write out the Sentence of 
the Judges, and other Judicial Adb, much like our 
Regifters, or Deputy Regifters; a Chara&er very 
different from our Chancellours and Lard Chan- 

CanrtllN Lattices, or Windows made with 
crofs-Bars of Wood, Iron, Gfr. Ballifters or Rails 
to compafs in the Bar of a Court for Law- Proceed- 
ings ; rhe Chancel of a Church. 

ClKClMi a Sea-Fifli, calj'd the Soldier. Crab, 
Betaufe it deltroys other fmall Fifii, and gets into 
their Shells. 

Cancer, the Crab, a fort of Shell- Fifli. Alfo 
one of the twelve Signs of the fyMackt which the 
San enters in the Month of %une ; being drawn 
on the Globes in Form of a Crab, and commonly 
marked thus (%), Thro' the Beginning of this 
Sign^paffes a Circle parallel to the Equinoctial, and 
call'd^ the Ttopick of Canter, or the Korthern Tro- 
pick See Tropicus. 

Canftf, is alio a hard, painful, and ulcerous 
Swelling, fometimes full of puff'd up Veins that 
refemble the Feet of a Crab ; and it is of two 
forts, vi%. either Primitive, or Degenerate. 

jjDnmtttfeC CantCf, is that which comes of it [ 
felf, and appears at firft about the Bignefs of a Pea 
w tfean, caufing an inward continual and prick- 
ing Pain ; during which Time, it is call'd an Oc- 
cutt m Latent, or Blind Cancer - but when bigger 
and opened, it bears the Name of to Vicctated 

£Degtt1trat£ Cancer, that which fueceeds an 
obftinace or il^drefs'd Impoftume or Swelling, and 
which becomes an Ulcerated Cancer, without ever 
having been an Occult or Blind one. 

Cancer Of tjj£ 35one, a Difeafe in a Bone, cauVd 
by a Sharp Humour, and followed by an Ulcer of 
the Flefh and Skin, incurable before the Bone be 
made found. 

: Cancrmt tR&tlUt* (in Grammar) Latin Verfea 
that are the fame when read backwards j>r for- 
#ards ; as Roma tibifubito mot i bus ibit amor* ; %,ij 

CanDeterta, the Herb Wooll-blade, TorRh-faerb, 
Long-wort, or Mullein. , 

CanWt» 3 fincere, or upright $ favourable, kind, 
courteous ; frank, free, open. 

Canfct&ateS, (among the Romans*) thofe that 
ftood for ajiy Place or Office of Dignity, and were 
cloath'd in White Robes ; the Word is ftill in Ufe 
in the Univerfities, &c. 

C&Urffation, the Cryftalliziug or Candying of 
Sugar, after it has been diflblv'd in Water, and 
purify 'd. 

Can5tteer0, ( in Fortification ) Frames to lay 
Faggots and Bruih-wood on, to cover the Work- 

Caffltfe, See Inch of Candle. 

Canu!cmaft*P>at?, the Feftival of the Purifica- 
tioa of the Bleffed Virgin Mary, kept Fabr. 2. 
and fo call'd becaufe Candles were formerly Con- 
secrated on that Day, and fet a-part ior Sacred 
Ufe for the whole Year $ and a folcmn Procdfion 
was made with fome of thofe hallowed Candles, 
in Memory of the Divine Light, with which 
Chrift e.«Ughten'd the Church, at his Prefeoutton 
in the Temple, when calftCby. S^Simem, A Light 
t# lighten the Gentiles, &c. . . 

C&nMHt, (L*t-) Sincerity, JJprightodiv frank- 
oeft, Plain-Owing; Comtefy. 


C A 

" ■ — ; 


To CanM?, m -ule a particular* Method for Pre. 
f^rving tome Sorts of Comfcs : Alfo to curdle or 
grow mouldy, as ftale Sweet-Meats are apt to 

do. . ■ ( ....... 

Canw^aieirawer, a kind bf Herb. 

Cane, an Indian Reed. 

CaitCUJgonr, the Neck or Throat-Bone, focall'd 
from its refembling a Canal,. or Gutter. 

Canelkl, (Lot.) the Spice call'd Cinnamon. 

Canefleltafc a Word us'd in fome old Records 
for a Basket. 

Cania, the fmall Stinging- Nettle, whole Stalk 
bites as much as the Leaf. 

CantbalS, Men-Eaters, a People of the Wefi- 
Indies, that feed upon ManV Flefli, by whom fe- 
veral of rhe Charibbee Iflands were anciently inha- 
bited, and thence call'd infuU Canibales. 

CantCUla, (Lat.) a little Dog or Bitch, the 
Dog-Fifhj alfathe leffer Dog-Star, the fame with 
Cams Minor ; 

CantCUlar, belonging to the Dog-Star; as u- 
nicular Days % j. e. certain Days, commonly call'd 
the Dog-Dajts, in which that Star rifes and fets 
with the Sun $ the Weather being then ufually 
exceilive hot and fultry : They begin about ?«// 
24, and end abont Augufl 18. 

CaniHa JFame*, Dog's Appetite, a Difeafe, be- 
ing an inordinate Hunger attended with a Vomit- 
ing and Loofenefs, which proceeds from a depra- 
ved Action of rhe Stomach. 

Canina, belonging to a Dog, Dog-like j as A 
Camne or mfatiabU Appetite \ a greedy Worm. 

Cantnt SSfcntefi, (in Ail,) the Dog-Teeth, two 
Teeth in each Jav* r one on each Side of the inci* 
Jivi : They are fome what thick and round, and 
end in a (harp Point 5 their proper Ufe being to 
pierce the Food. 

CantnUfl, a Mufcle of the Lip, which ferve« to 
draw it upward. 

CaniS, (Lot.) a Dog or Bitch, a Hound, a 

Canifi Carchatiafl, the Shark, or Sea-hound ; 
a ravenous Filh. 

Cantfl ^aj0? I S»trw: ? the Greater and Leffer 
Dog, two Conftellations drawn on the Globe in 
|he Figure of that Creature : The Greater of them 
has the Lefler in his Mouth, and is made up of 
Eighteen Stars. 

Canitie0, Hoarinefs, Whitenefs or Graynefs of 

CanfeWJje, (old Word) a woeful Cafe. 

CanttttV an eating ipreauinp 5ore ; alio the Ruft 
of Iron, Brats, G?c. Alfo a Difeafe that happens 
to Trees, and proceeds chiefly from the Nature of 
the Soil. 

Cdflbtf Ul fpmfC*, is a loathfome Sore, which 
if it continue long uncovered, will make Way to 
the very Bone. If it comes on the Tongue, it 
eats It afunder, if on the Nolo, ic pierces thro* the 
Griftle, and if it lights on any flefh y Part, it freti 
and gnaws it to a great Breadth. 

Canber>too:m or <&lafs4Kftim, an Infect that 

deftroys Herbs and Corn. 

Canhcreo, eaten with the Canker, or with 

Catlll) a kind of Veffel, or Cap to drink one 

Cann^buOPfl, (Sea-word) a fore of large Buoys; 
or Barrels thrown out upon Shoals, to give Notice 
to Sailers of the Danger. See Rmyr. 

Cann^OObs, Iron-Hooks made faft to the End 
of a Rope, with a Noofe, whereby the weighty 
Commodities are uken vam % Ship, or Slung 
fern .- .'".-. , tu' 

-it' i».r I 


.;. I- J iii^qiA bU a 

Digitized by 


€ A 

£ A 

Records, a FUd in M«*fare of Ground, or Ui- 
the Leg, othcrwife catfd Ftofe Majns and Ti 


Canna S^tno?, the leffer Bone of the Leg, the 
fame with Focile Manus, and Fibula. 

Cannabis or Cannabum, Hemp, Canvas. 

Came, (Fr.) the Duck, a known Fowl; alio a 
Cane or Reed; a Cane or Walking-ftick : Alfo a 
long Meafuie in Langueioc and Provence, exam- 
ine about an Ell and two Thirds. ■ ^ \ , 

CannctictOla, (*«/-) the Titling, a «tlc BijA 

CanntOn0, Boot-Hofe Tops; an oid.fafhioacl 
Ornament for the Legs. 

Cflnntftfr, an Inftrument which Coopers nie in 
Racking ort* Wines. 

CaiWflrr Of %»> a Quantityttotn 75 to ioo 
Pounds- weight. * 

Cannon, a great Gun, or Piece of Ordinance, 
•of which there are different Degrees i and Sizes, 
diftinguiOied by fe vera 1 Names j as Whole Can- 
non, Denu Cannon, Quivering $**& fcc. Which 

Cannon Koral 


Cannon of <£igbt> a great 

eight, i* Foot long, the 
Diameter at the Bore 8 Inches, carrying a Charge 
of ?i* Pounds of Pfcwdcr, with a Ball of 7i Inch- 
es Diameter, and 48 Pounds-w*igfat j its Pouit 
1 blank Shot being 18 vPaces. ♦ r 

,. C«tnon4>a«&tt** Set Gabions. 

v • CAlWOnat*-) Cannon-mot. 
•>. To CaWWnaie, to batter with Cannon. * 
i Canwm&r, a Gunner, an Artillery- Officer that 
udifcha»ges the Carman. • • 

CCUOn* (Gr.) a Rule, efpecially a Law, or De- 
vice *f the Church : Alfo a Prebendary that en* 
iovs a Living in a Cathedral, -or Coueguie- 
rQmdL' fa Joldi Records, a PreAatio^ Panfion, 
or Cuftomary Payment upon fomc Religious Ac- 
count::. Alfa a large fort of firimi^Letter % al- 
fo that Part of a Horfe- Bit which is 1« into the 

Mouth. ; ^ : . * ' . ; „r, o ji 

lvMa*htm*tick*>> Cailim is an infallible Rule 
to refolve all Things of the fame Nature wi«h the 
gfjtfens Inquiry * Thus in Algebraical Operati- 
ons, at laft fuch a Canon is product, which if 

?turo'd into Words, is a Role for Solving all 
Problems, or Queftions of the fame Nature with 
that propofed. The ^Tables of Logarithms, Arri-. 

.'.ficial Sines, Tangents and Secants are alfo call'd 

QMUHS, • » .- 

w AxilAufwki CanO(t isa (hor* Compofition of one, 
or more Pares in which one Pare leads, and the 
Sorter follows : Canon is alfo a Sitf-feeon s Inftrument, 
-iis'd in the Sewing up of Wounds. , 
71 CaTOHV Of ttefrifymt, is the Body of the 
-Books of the Holy Scripture^ that (erveas a Rule 

^ of Faith*-- V;'\V :,t " « ' \ ' • • u 
CatlOII KellgloC^wm * Book, containing the 
*4ttftitutton aad^tttes of an Ordat of -Monks, &c. 

Canon4alii or jbob? of t|eCanoii4ato, a Coi- 

dteftion o£ BcAfiaftkal Rules, Definition and 
Conftitutions taken from the ancient Councils, the 
:tttaribgs of cbe.F*hers of the :Ch*rch|Tl*nd' the 
Ordinances of the Popes, &c This Law is mo-* 
;i#eUcd according** sh< Koran of fhffcQteil, .ajadcon- 
asaiitd in Jhree particular Volumes, -erf* The De- 
crees of Gratia*, ^Dmot^+asd the Saxtumi 
t«3ircB See. ; .1. » ^' l -%•« ^ f tfi- ** * 
X^M|anpnfe«^ «#»-« agweaUe |f .iho Ca- 
s*ms, ^i^]D)cMi)^< >»; -M '■ - •■-« r. 

^rci^Xaiion^^for^^fo^WB of I&riiftj 

CanontcalncflS, Conformity,*, 9ffV4g|Weabknf(> 

to the Church-Canons. I \ > - ^ ^ rf .0 - 'U'EiJ) 

Cammtfl, a Doclor, or Proft$&r 3 ot; tfce ft?fl%- 

LaW. . v -1 ^^ v-^ /••'' :■! -r - ^1 .i'^w 

CanWtjatton, the* AA of <^npp^infc « waiv- 
ing. - . •*■"• " ^ • «Ji ' %X*.Z ■ f' : 

To CaiKWife, to inroll anaong the Saints, *' 
CanOHlbiP> the Title of a Benefice enjoy d \»fi+ 
Ganon: • ^ •' r*** -/ . 

CanOO or Canoto 9 an Indian Boat made of tb? 
Trunk of a Tree. '* > • ^i/V , 

CailOpp, (Gr.) a Cloath of Stai^ «et oven the 
Thrones of Sovereign Print**, or carryU over their 
Heads upon feme great Solemnity r Alio a Jprt of 
Teftern, or Curwin for a Bed. . ; 

tCanOJMlfi, [Lot.) ihnll, loudtiirrginft mgh- 
founding. - * y * 

Cant, Gibberilh, Pedlar's French. , \ 

To CSItt* to t*lk darkly . ifter the manner qf 
Rogues, Thieves, Beggars, &c. So as net to bf 
underftood by others j to ufe an afleded kmd of 

Cantabttca^ (Lat.) a Plant firft found out by the 
Cantabri in Spain, the wild Gillifloweh 

CJttlttr, an ancient People in ScQtland, who liv'd 
in that Pare which is novy call'd -Hj/I. _ , 

Cantat ♦ See Centenar: 

Cancel, a Law-word for a Lump, or Mafs 5 af 
when any Commodity is bought by the Lump. 

Canterbury, the chief City, and in the Time of 
the Saxon Covernment, the Royal Seat of the Kbjp 
of Kent. tI ■ 

tfttntffbnrtfcbelltf* a Plant that isrough-leavd 
like a Nettle, with fquare Stalks, on which haag 
hollow Flowers like Bells. 

Csnterttitt* (£**•) a Gelding, or cut Horfe ; 
alfo an ,Afs, or other labouring Beaft. See C^i- 
thorns. - e , J 

Cantfcariafc (Gr.) a Stone, having the Figure 
of a Beetle on it. 

CaW|ariM0, Sp*»ifh Flies, certain venomous 
green Flies, ttat breed ou the Tops df Aih and 
Olive-Trees, and are us'd in Plaiftersfor the raifi^g 
of BHftew. 

Cantljartf, is alfo a fort of Fly of theBeetfc- 
kind, btttlefs, which eats and confutnes Corn. 

C«tt|aru«, the black Beetle, an Infe& that 
breeds in Dung 5 alfo the Beetle-Fifh. 

Carttl#ni&> a Gelding, or labouring Beaft : Alfo 
a Rafter, or Joift of a Houle, thar comes down 
from, the Ridge to the BaVes ; a Spar, aTranfom, 
a Leaver : Alfo a Treflel, or Horfe to faw, or cut 
Timber on, ' 

CantfeUtf, the Iron with which the Rounding #f 
a Cart Wheel is bound, the Strake of a Can, the 
Fellcy of a Wheel : In Anatomy the Angle, or Cor- 
ner of the Eye ; which is either the Greater or by- 
ward, or the Leffer or Outward . 

Cantftlef, (L*/. i. e. Spiritual Songs) one»|>f 
the Books of Holy Scripture, other wife ^aU'd^&- 
mons Song. • 

Canrtng^CfltnB> See Coins in 4 Ship. 
Cattttf, a Piece of any Thing ; as A CantU of 
Broad, Cheefe, &c - „ » 

To Cantte Oltt, to divide into feveral r**t$ t 4r 
Parcels \ „ *>' 

. CantS, tfld) A kiod of Divifion in an Herqofc 
.poem,- of the fame. Nature thgt a Chapter S$ p 

-Profe. ^ •'.;■,-":■■ ^' 'x" * ^L' v 

Fo** '0t>, ?wvto3i ^i^MH^mMOftons $ 
$W$i#rl**d3 Alfo a fort of additional Certain, *> 


•a Mtdmo'J feilog ^pd: >.i [fl»(^.vM\ 

I «W #^JU^e|,i:^^ ,,, 

I from the Chief, and the other fo from the ^1 


Digitized by 


, JI !■!"!_ 






Quarter of the'lHeid, and £^k%d$*&*te3l*k 

C&ftSd- ^P tae'tfifak&tt, fc&ciB f d 4 OjMI»ii. 

>k\Mkr i Ttoisit is feid, He beitrs Ermht, a CWntJn i 

^if ^m ^ m ^B^d^^ Qiks.> \ »r «^ o?; *' v | 

To tttettttl, (in the Arc of 05*r) to retire tefco; f 

>*>Cwffl^*<$&W% ^forttfy^dtti^^^Hf^n a; 

ToCaittmttje* to divide into Canton*, orQtfat- 

Vtfiotfflf iXodhtfy in **0W, th± finic «^ttl&toi. 
k^Mi^mm^i l *nd HVt/'r ■#>**, tjr Vtilagt. 

* rt «irtWfe- a fi* °f coarfe Lftinen-Clcth. 

Cttmwvbatffi -or «tfrt5ftkg»5 '( »'*»*/ ) or 
•as the f*«i<* <J*H "them Si*/ * Tfrr*, ire Bfcggs 
(ly^Wi Eat«i%hrd^is'dto l| riift aVafrpet, tt 
&fti«W>t|^<baIte, otto^airtwcAfacn$t>ro- 
. Js^n-Fl»cft 1 B^ ( are vfttafctittts woh ofcea- 
«on filTd -with *Gun-powflet, and hold abator fifty 

To |WW& 9 to fcatA diHgenrly into ; to fcaA, 
to; w ftorttoghlV examine a Matter 5 aHb taput 
in, foe, or fcindforfcft dfBte. - 

-CawwnotCnw, $«** La^Term)'*ptfty; 
^d^SttperWar, w Lrird of "the Land, efpeci-- 
*HrftJT$i!fcdtfe aftd^tffch-Men. 

l^rftfc Pfeetry/ in which evwy 4ev<»LSwMfcl^ 
Jgrfwers, both as to theNbmfeer and pbtmtt4j£ l 
mvmsi **' *t«y Ckmo#^4ittte% bb& at 
4 Healttre« • - ' ^ 

Cfcu a fort of Covering fclrtbe Httrd'ttna 
•aiint* a ft^W^ieie Uf Titfiber^itt tffcrthe ! 
RdadT^r i^pmridft end of any Maft ; &*}*%*] 
round Hole to receive rhe Maft. or Ffcfc-flfaW $ fo ' 
S*ft% , *eft€#s theTVMafeind^Vl^n^ 
Mafts are kept fteady and firm in the Trtff&tHtfc ! 
^ vb W%1l f «Sh 5 ***<* VttAzti £ut WteAhe 
^tofc&Ha* tff a "^reit Gttfr, to Wep the frrtofe 

;i Cttflif fcftfottrantt, One of the tez*X*> otfO* 
&fflnt&of Scat*, telongitfg to- teKTpgJfrmg- 
&W,1*fo^ r tWiOrn W i* afifrf^dat tbfe e&rtftiati- 
Wtf a& dthct gfeit Sofettrfiitik Opt Vf Afiun- 
t&ttrnx attp *fr tarty *d before* tiie Majdft of ftVd. 

^cifiebf fi#/*«*. * " " -• • 

^m^^tt^m^ ** firtftr of ft* Ship, thlt lias 
<ffife%*aqje 6f all the Merchandize, or Cargo. •„ 
f ^C&P*ftttfT 5 a fort of Btowii, a&d thick Piper. 
% C^^UattS* (in Gvntery) are broad Pieces of 

tBftWhlnai tffe Ca-rriige bt a great Gun, 
Ftfjirel ^Ttuftniorts, arid are made faft by 
^WttB^mlrb lot* : Th*tr Ule is to keep the 
1 fft>& Wfrhroat of the Carriage, when ns 
(hot off with Its McrtJth lying Very tow, or under 
: tom%L iWk trfuilly termed. 
'" il &jmUi *at i$ in a Condition, or qualify 'd to 
do a Thing; able, apt, fit. 
CacaClOW, 'difabte t6 receive, or hold ; fpaci- 

r€*frft$i (R-i) as AActe;telaii 
H^axttoPoor., .:.^,M njr botf \an>0) 

CftpattfiNTi a ibrt of Trappings, or Farnintte 

' To CUtWrtWHi to covAp ciikt. o& wph fiidi 
Trappings. . ^/ 

Ca#T, »Se Neck-piece>bfci Ctoa% cn?^Si%er- 
Coac w i Ih G ' £ r *fk'f * Headland, aay Moun- 
tain, Point, or TraA of land, running iiitUnto 
the Sea, ^ich is otherwifc *fenbed a. Ptohon- 
*oty t ^ ; . , , 4 '* 

^«Ue, (£4^. i. r. Take pa Judicial Wtit; 
touching Plea of Lands, or Tenemenisf and be- 
iAg bf tWo forti, viQ <$rm\r Ckft, ' ••tuft Pttic 
Vtpt, both which take ballot Thingic iwtnove- 
able, and difier chiefly ii^^his RefpeA, ^thac che 
former lies before Appearance ind the^fctTafcer- 
wards. ? , - 

-tSl#f ^Uttttlltt, a l^ris titoL lie*in Cafewheft; 
the Ttnant fummon'd in Plea of Land, comes at 
theSumipoib^ and *h» Appearance is of Retord ; 
but after lie ntakesDeftmlr*! the-Day that is givfcn 
him, then thi^Wm QM #* fbr the King. < 

ptPtUbVUmim, a Writ of Excctftloo, # 
a kind of Grind Cape, which lies where one isim* 
-pleaded of$*9taifti Lands, and be v^mchfe & War- 
rant aBbther,^ but the Voudbee comes not arthfe 
Wfgiveu: l&ii ifder Deftandan^ recowr* 
gaififtthe'Teaant, Ht flwtf (All have this Writ 
*ga&ft the Vc^dkee, *nd 1hall recover fo tnuoh ih 
Value of the Vouchee s fcand, (gc 4 . ^*«- 

Ca»eKW, (Fr.) a Woman's W«i ^>r< <3*tfet 
out with Feathers : In Surges, * kMplln- 
dage us'd in the Operation of - ttit'twj'^ft" *the 

^a^tfa^ (ii^:; aKttle young Q>a^ a KM i AU 
fiih b^lsfikeditar ip the left Shoulder 6paifoaff< 
Wh6fe Loq^ttade is 77 <ftg. i«*n». Eati^ttl^iil 
*i- 5^ * / «- * n<i Rigtt Afcenfion 75 rf^. ^. !«/«. , t 

Ca^|Ur<3 kWb taken fer a Ghtp^l, ^pPftki 
ftt a-part ffA* Divihe Worftid t tii old Recbr4, A 
Che&, or pibiner for the 16tt|iing alf ^redttttis 
Things, efpedally R^licks. ' < * • »'r :&n: 

€fytW tit iFlO2tOU0, fin ancient WrfciiS) a 
Chapter' Wi 'Garland of Plowers fyt th# H&td. 
C*pMrtlJm***< alioedHead-pece, rt* 

€^Bi% «* Cap, Bonnets Har, or ^tberCo^ 
^eriftg forftWj*ad. CapOus Mititi H % Milkttry 
Helttiet^ & Head-piece. . ■ ;; i;. 

'-CffRi<(^). a gdcJeti He-Goat, aBac^jilfo 
the ranh»fimellxif Vhe Atih^hol«s< 

A <wet> * foy t of Private*^ or Pirate- SliipJ 

Capers a prickly Shrub,- almoft like Brambles; 
growing in Spdfi, and other %ot Countries ; the 
Flowers and Leaves of which are brottght hither 
preferved in Pickle; 

Cfipt JBjJfl^ ( among the Turfy) the principal 
Grooni of the Grand Sey>nh/§,B^Chix*bt> and 
the chief Introducer of All^pri^are. Addrefles 10 
him ; as being the neareft about his Perfofl. ■', 

<&Ap\M, (L*t.) a WritWwKkh ttttre *te two 
forts, v%\. one before Judgm&ir, caftU C*##W 4d 
refpondendum, in a Perfona* Action, wher#tne 5he • 

To CapaCttate, to put onfc int6 a Capacity, to I riff upon the firft Writ of Dilifcrefs tfturift riiktf bM- 

TlwwrTTT rrr jcapaoie. 

CaiStttF* Capablenefs, Ability, Sufficiency, 
:i ^9IS^Tt«* Sf r Witt Irf a La**fthfe, k is when 
k l Ma^Sr^fedy^itfdC i/ aWe^ or'has a Right 
to givfe, of tike Lands, Teriethents, G?c. or to fue 
^c^rW.gpa^aiPATiea 8»rt B9i»ii^fficieft« 4 Capaci. 
Vffl^S^W wl tfftwFAdHJte/ftft not in a Real 

Geometry* CaMCitJJ is i*eSolid ConU»^ af 

y ^Swttlc^lt^fmt^^ 1 Wipe, 

i?3tot? Wirt^n'cPWA/^ y Ci5M- 

^ in A4AW noftra; and the otfter is a Writfdf Ex- 
ecution after Judgment, which are of divet^kirtd^; 
as thefe following, W^. ••».., 

c»#ta0 CottBtuttte at #|0fieirf nwtn?, i§ a writ 

that lies for the taking upfiich, as having reccJivH 
Preft* Money, to fervethe Kfeg, flbk aw'ayV and 
do not come in at the Time. *^ 

ment fined to the King, upon fame Owlice ? ««i-> 
titkred againft a $la^^ <k^ oopdMBlttfe. it 
keying to, tfie )u3gnli«it 'S"F* bf tfak ^(Mt 

Digitized by 


C A 

C A 

his Body is taken and committed to Prifon, 'till he 
content die King for his Fine; 

Captafl at* ^atutfacif OOum, a Writ of Execu- 
tion after Judgment, lying where a Man recovers 
in an Aftion Perfonal, as Debt, or Damages, &c. 
And he againft whom the Debt is recovered, has no 
Lands nor Tenements, nor fuffieient Goods where- 
of the Debt may be levy'd : In which Cafe this 
Writ is dire<Sed to the Sheriff, for taking the Body 
df him againft whom the Debt is recover'd, and 
fecuring him in Prifon 'till Satisfaction be made. 

Capias QStlagatUW, a Writ which lies againft 
one that is out-iawed upon any Suit, fo that the 
Sheriff upon the Receipt of it, apprehends the Par- 
ty for no: appearing upon the Exigent, keeps him 
in Cuftody 'till the Rerurn of the Writ, and then 
brings him into Court, to be farther order *d there 
for his Contempt. 

Capiat ©tlaganmi* uiqutrasoei?om$$Ca* 

tatltS} is a Writ all one with the former, but it 
gives a farther Power to the Sheriff, beiides the 
Aprirehenfion of the Offender's Body, to enquire 
of his Goods and Chattel?. 

Capiw in ©Hittjcrrtam tic aticrii^ is a Writ 

lying for Cacrie in Withernam. 

Capta0 in ctnttfantamimn DC famine, a Writ 

that lies for a Servant in Withernam. See Withernam. 

CapiHamcntum, the Hair, or natural Bufh ; a 
Periwig, of falfe Hair ; CapiRamenta, or Capilla- 
waits, are alfo the Strings, or Threads about the 
Roots of Herbs, or thofe fmall Threads or Hairs 
which grow up in the Middle of a Flower, and 
are adorn'd with little Knobs at the Top. 

Capillar?, belonging to, or like Hair. 

Capillar? |Wartt8, (among Herbaiijls) are fuch 
as have no main Stalk, or Stem, but grow to the 
Ground, as Hairs to one's Head, and wmch bear 
their Seed in little Tofts, Bunches, or K>nobs on 
the Back-fide of their Leaves ; whence, by fome 
they are call'd Dorfitara and Tergifau. 

Capillar? mtttklS, (in Anat J fmall Veins and 
Arteries like Threads, or Hairs. 

Cftptiiatfe, (Lat.) a being hairy, Or growing 
likeHairs : In Surgery, a fort of Fra&ure, or break- 
ing of the Scull, which is fo fmall that it can fcarce 
be fonnd, but often occafions Death. 

CaptttUJS, the-Hair of the Head, a Bufh of Hair. 
Cm fill us Veneris, the Herb Maiden-Hair. 

C&pilttalK, (FrJ * Dim made of feveral Rem- 
nants of Meat. 

CapHtnim, (Lat.) a Collar, or Halter for a 
Horfe ; a Head-ftall : Alfo a Surgeon's Bandage, 
or Swathe for the Head. 

Capjtatae. See Captain. 

Capital, principal, chief, or great ; alfo heinous, 
worthy of Death. 

Capital iLfne. See Line Capital 

A Capital, (in Fort if,) is a Line drawn from 
the Angle of the Polygon to the Point of the Bafti- 
on, of from the Point of the Baftion to the Middle 
of the Gor^e. 

A Capital or Capttel, (in Architea.) the fame 
with the Chapiter, or Ornament on the Top of a 
Pillar, which is different according to the feveral 
Orders. See Chapiter. 

Capitation* a Tribute paid by the Head, a 

Capttt, (Law-Term) as A Tenure in Capite, 
Of in Chief, when Lands were held immediately 
of the King, as of his Crown, by Knight-Service, 
or otberwife, and not of any Honour, Cattle, or 
Manonr belonging to it : This Tenure is now abo- 
lifh'd, as being tvrn*d into free and common Soc- 
cage by Stst. 1 1. Cm. II. 

O pit tll rti m n, a Medicinal Liquor to wafh the 
Head in. 

Capit0 5 one that has a great Head, a Jolt-Head, 
or Grout-Head $ alfo the Sea- Chub, or Pollard, a 

Capitol, an ancient Citadel of j\ome f faid to 
have taken Name from the Head. of one lotus, 
found there upon digging to lay the Foundation. 

CapitOlaDe, {Br. in Cwkpry) a particular \V*y 
of Dreffing Capons, Patridges, and other forts of 

Capitllla &grt (in old Utin Writers) the Had- 
lands or Head-lands, that lie at the upper End of 
the Grounds or Furrows. 

Capitula Iffuralta, Chapters, or AfTemblics held 
by the Rural Dean and Parifh-Clergy, within 
the Precin&s, or, Bounds, of every refpe&ive 

To Capitulate, to make Articles of Agreement; 
to parley or treat with a Befieger, about the Sur- 
render of a Place upon Conditions. 

Capitulation, the Ad of Capitulating. r \ 

Capitulum, (Lat.) a little Head ; the Chapiter, 
or Top of a Pillar ; a Chapter, or Atfembly of a 
Dean and Prebends, belonging to a Cathedral, or 
Collegiate Church ; a Chapter of a Book, a Sum- 
mary, or fhort Account. 

Among Herbalifis % CapitUlilttt is taken for the 
Head, or flowVing Top of any Plant, which is made 
up of many Flowers and Threads clofely joyn'd 
together in a globous, circular, or difcous Figure ; 
as the Flowers of Blew Bottles, Scabious, Carduus* 

OCapiffi or Captgi, certain Officers among the 
Turk** that guard the Gate of the Grand Seignior's 

Capnta^ (Gr.) a kind of Jafper, fo cafl'd; 
because it looks as if it were blacken'd with 

Capnttfc, a fort of Cadmia, orBrafsOar. " 

Capnomancp, Divination, or Souch-Sayim by 
Smoak. T T 

«$tWS or Caption, Smoak ; alia the Herb Fu- 
mitory, which often grows amidtt Barley, - : 

Capo, (I>«/J one of the three ducf Offices* 
amonjj the Venetians, to whom and the Senate^ the 
Doge, or Duke is fubjed. 

Capon, a Cock cut to brood, or cover, audi. 
Chickens, Ducklings, young Turkeys, &c or r c 
to be fatted for the Spit : Whence in PerUdon, 
minate FeHows are call'd Capons. 

€Wmf aftion, a Term in Archery. See JbJu 

CapOHSftail, a kind of Herb. 

CaPonmerr, (/>. in, Fortif.) a hollow Lodgl 
ment, or Trench, about four or five Foot broad, 
border'd with a little Breaftwork, about two fcooc 
high, to hold Planks laden with Earth : This Lodg- 
ment is ufually plac'd on the End of the Counter- 
fcarp, being wide enough to receive twenty or 
thirty Musketeers, who Fire thro* Loop-Hales made 
on the Sides. 

4tap0t, a Term us'd at the Game of Picket 
when all the Tricks of Cards arc won. 

Cappa&ine, a fort of Silk, with which the Shag 
of fome Rugs is made. 

CapparfB, (Gr.) the Shrub that bears the Fink 
calTd Capers ; or the Fruit it fclf. See Captrs. 

Cap:a, {Lat.) a She- Goat ; alfo the Name of > 
Conftellation, or Clutter of Sous* 

Caprx 5&altaitt005 (/. e t leaping Gems) a fief ' 
ry Meteor, or Exhalation, which fomcuxaes ap- 
pears in the Air, and is not J»r$d in aiais 
Line, but with jkndings or W"^^l/^^°d 

C3p:ca, the Roe, Roe Buck, or Deer, a Bead 
of Chace; alfo the Branch of a 'Vine ihac puts 
forth Tendrels, 

Digitized by 


C A 

C A 

C -p:CQlariil SUB, fin Anat.) thofe Veffelsthat 
tvtmt about like th<* Cnpreoli, or Tendreis of Vines j 
as the Bfdod- Vcflels in the Tefticles. 

C^PJfOlai* |i)Iantx, are fuch Plants as turn, 
^imft 'and cftmo along the Surface of the Ground, 
by Means olr ^"^ Tendreis ; as Gourds, Cucum- 
bers, Melons, &e. 

Cap:COlU0 5 a young Buck, a Chevril : Among 
Htrbaiifts, the Tendrel, Clafp, or Shoot, by which 
Vipfs and fuchbke creeping Plants laften UKntf- 
&&*&> AofeTliigs which arc defign'd to fnpport 

CmfcMOLK Capicr, (7/4/. ) a foolifti Fancy, 
%Afcnity, Freak, or Maggot. Cafmhio* are alfo 
V&&& oft'Mnfick, Poetry, and Painting, in which 
tttrrotce of imagination goes beyond the Roles of 

; :f &tt&it\&l& } ftataftica!, freakifli, whimfical. 
^~CSpa*0Ht> (£<*. *• *• the horned Goat) one of 
the Twelve Signs of the S^hwd^ thus marked 
( vt ) which the Sen enters in the Midft of Win 
*£ v The Southern T'opick.* or tnc 7"ra/idfc */ d- 
^rlcpr*, takes Name from, and paffes through the 
firft Degree of this Sign, and the Diftance of 20 
Begr. 3a Atin. from the Equator . $ce Trefiei of 
C*p* ic&n. 

C«ptffiratto, (in Husbandry) the Dtefling Qi 
iirHd Fit-trees, or Vines. 
: CmfifiHU * wi W Fig tree. 
«- Cajftfoltum, Caprifoil, Wood bind, or Hooey- 
Hfedrte ; a Shrub. j 

CamUKtllgilii a Milker of Goat*, a Goat-herd, 
fc feme loch forry FeBow : AHo a Bird hke a 
<3tiB, that in the Night fucks Goats, and caufes 
their Udder to mmify ; tfcc Goac-fuckipg Qwl : 
^ifcthe Goat-fncking Warer-fnake. 
* CfegtMa, the Herb Dog-tooth. 

Cabriole, (1*0 a Caper, or Leap ia Dancing ; 
atfo the Goat-leap, in Horfe-manftip. 
T C*prifru&; f£*'.J the Saw-Rfli. 

C*pftait> Cajtf atlD or *apBmV t a Draw-l^am 
in**- Ship, which is of two fens, vi%. the Jhhin- 
~ f0m and the Jeer.Czpfa* \ the former is a Weee 
Timber fir d behind the Main-maft, the root 
it ftanding in * Step on the Lower. Deck, and 
Head betwixt the two Upper-Decks. #1* 
yt of it is to weigh the Anchor, to hoifcr Qr 
Ife downthe Tdp-mafts, 10 heave any weighty 
fing into the Ship, £&;. 

TheJlett^Capftdtl, is ptee'd in the, fame nwrrt- 
!^# between the Main-maft and the Fore-maft, 
and its Ufe is to heave upon the Jeer. type, or upon 
Sbf Vjol. aj*i to hold off by, when the Anchor is in 

t^Tfie Terms belonging 10 the Ufe of the Capfians 
¥fc7 Come up Cafjl<tn, or Uttmct tut the Ctpftan, 
Srticn the Sea-tnen would have rbe Cable that they 
Ti&ve by flacked J and Pawl the Cap/Ian, *. e. ftop 
ft vtirh the Pavel, to keep k from recoiling, or turn- 
ing backwards. 

CapgSll/IBati? are Pieces of Wood thrilft thro' 
the Holes, for as many as can ftand to heave and 
torn it abont $ which is calf d hUrming the Qap- 

Capflail 25arrel 5 is the main Poft of the whole 

CtpfltiS, (L*t.) a little Coffer, or Cheft, a 

Capita CammtniS *f Dr. G//J », is a Mem- 
branV or- Skn that comes from the Peritoneum, 
~ l iW8MHrbtafc Ae F#r«x BBitriur, and the F>»4 

if^'4e$khrrfiar intompaffes the 
the fame w iih PeJtcardium. 

' ItMfr, (amorig nerbilifis) thejt^le 
e iiKfeWs & Seed of any fltnt. 


CT^flilae ^trafcttiarior, (in ^»4^ ) certain jlan- 
dulous Bodies plac'd above the Reins, to receive 
the Juice call'd Lympha, with which the Blood 
returning thicker from the Reins, is tempered and 
made more fluid. See $enal Glandules, and Irenes 

€*pMx frtminatefk the outmoft Cavities, or 
hollow Parts of the Velfels that convey the Semen, 
or Seed in the Body of a Living-Creature : Thefe 
are wideu'd like little Cbftrs, and by two fe^I 
Holes fend forth the Semen received from the Te- 
fticles into the little Seminary Bladders. 

C*VfulatC#0*9; are Utttefltdtr Sead-Veflck of 
Plants, (o cail'd by Herbalijls. 

«af>taitf, a Head.OfEcer, the Comoaaqdcr in 
chief of a Company of Foot, or Troop of Hatrfe, 
or Dragoons, or of a Ship of War at Sea. 

Captain or caprttame »wr IfrtXMi (Fr. i #: 

captain co the Guards) the Captain of a Cotopt- 
ny in Fr/i«ce, in the RegiqAertt of Foot-Guards. 

Captain 6e0 <E^rDes, (*. e. Captain q$ the 
Guards^ a Commander qi on© <*f the Fguf Fttncb 
Troops of Guards. 

Captain m pteO, a Captain kept fa Pay, that 
is not reformed-. 

Captain en J^cone. foe Second Ctptti*. 

CaiCIW ttCfiK»ft& 9 one who upon the Reducing 
of Forces lofes his Company, y«* is continu'd Cap- 
tain, either as Second to another, or withoot Soft. 

See HefcrmaJo. r 

Cd'tain Jlteutrnant, the Command^ Officer 
of the Collonel's Tro$p, ^r Company, u\ tf^rf, 
Rfgimrnr ; ^no cpmma»d# aa ypnpgeft Capwiti, 
tho J in Reality, he is only a Lieutenant, tht&olto- 
nel being him (elf Captain. - -'— 

CaftWtl, (i4#. i€. taking) a Law-Term, Vd 
for a Certificate, when a CommUfion i? ex#c*tcd I 
ehe Commiflhrners Namea being fubfrrib^inl 

CaittoUft api to taXe Exceptions, eA>fo#iatii» 

?uarrelfa»et Atfo Canning, Deceitful, fall #f 
*raft, or Deceit 5 as 4 Captious Argument* * ' *' 

To Caftttttft, to take captive, to ea$t*e ; a 
Word altogether apply '4 to the AflWHora 

A Captffe* one that is talcen by the Enetoy, a 
Pri(m*er of War. 

Capfrtfc?, the Condition of a Captive, f lave- 
ry. Thraldoflt, Bondage. 

CipRire, Catch, Prize, Prey, Booty: la a Law- 
Senje, a Takinj, an Arreft, a Seism*. 

CafWfef 5 (R.) a M<onk s Cowl, or Wood; 

Ciipuciftta, Fryers of the Order of St. Rvm-' 
«>, fouqded by Matthew Bifci, of Ancon* in /r*4v 
and fo nam'd from their wearing the Capuche, or 

Cafvda^Capers or iftalturres, a Plant, whole 

round Buds are good to pickle in Vinegar. Sec 

Caput, (L*0 the Head, a Part of the Body, 
the Summ or Principal Point of a Difcourfc 5 aa 
Article or Claufe, a Character. 

Caput aimi, (in old Records) New-year VDay; 
being as it were the Head of the Year. 

Caput iBatOtrix, the chief Manfion-Hoafe of a 
Noble-man; which for wan* of a Male-Heir, 
muft defceud to the eldeft Daughter, and not be 

CajaitCalCHDatum JPafy the Calends, or firft 
Dav of the Month of May ; Maj-Day. 

Caput dBafitnaginiJI, (in Surgery) a Carbuncle; 
or fiery Swelling in the Urethra, or urinary PaT- 
fage j fo calTd from its Figure refembling the Head 
of a Wood-cock, or Snipe, ; : ; : ' 



Digitized by 





ww aeium7TTi n indent ^^14^^ cd, * 

nefday, which is the Head, or B$fflmwg 'tit th<? 
*LVrft-Faft - 1 '^'' , :t ' V'-^'- * . i 

' '* Cdtfttt tlOCi, the 'End 6f l Place } '^ J t*/«f fi?4^ 

it the End 6f tfte Totan. 
-*■ C&*Ut -fljPQtt'miltL* (in Chymiftry) that grofs or 

thttkdi7 Macte^'Wii'ch remains after the Diftil- 

lation of any Mixt Body ; but more-efpecially of 

Mfctals': ft i* alfo often taken only for that which 

remains after the Djftillinfe of Vitriol, and which 

is teftmed Colcotbar Vttriofl. See' Earth and Terra 

fafcA%m or €&i$ftk, (Fr.) a kind of (hdrt Gun* 

between a Piftoi and a Musket, us'd by Horfc ; 

or a Hotfe-man foarm'd. 

CiraWttCerd, fome Regiments of choice Horfe 

in Franfit, call d out of all the other Regiments, 
t CatOTUij {Lit.) a Lobfter, or fuch like Sheil- 

Fift* j a Crab, a Cray-Fifh, orXrevice : Alfo a 

Caravel, a Vindof Sea-Veffel. 

, Caratft, a great* Portugurfe Ship. 
'• CartCOt, (Fr.) the Half-turn, which a Horfe- 

man makes eithef to the Right, or Left ; alfo a 

•t^% stair-<%/;; : 

' Ta Caf&tol, to ' wh&I i\xmt, or caft into a Ring 5 
i'Tfenn ih Mflltaf/Diftipline. 

CaraDeev a^oM BrsVifc proper Name of a Man, 
fipfVfeg dearft ^htlimr l 

Carajje Of J^pSe QuaoWty of fixty four 

.Caramel, (Fr.) Sugar wellboilik and ioo* for J 
i€dM : In the Cbnft&ioriary Artlifii usci for the »| 
fixth and lift Degree of Boiling Sugar, when a 
litffeorft being taken up with the Tip of one's 
Finger, apd put between the Teeth^ it breaks and 
ctitk^ Without (ticking in the leaft : Alfo a curious 
Sflg£r-\Vork, made of Sugar fo ordered. 

^tWainoCI, a Turkljh Ship of Burden, having a 
tfefytfigh i Poop. 

1 lOtSUin^ a kind of Gum brought from the 
P^eP f Jmies\ and Rood for the Tboth-acb, if ap- 
ply *d to the Temples. 

CatatKcL a fort of Turkj/b Horfe man/ 

Carat of <&0l0, is properly the Weight of 24 
Grain.*, or one Scruple, and 14 Carats make an 
Ounce. If an Ounce of Gold be fo fine, that in 
the purification it lofes little or nothing, then 'tis 
Aid T^o be Gold of 24 Cdrats ; if it lofes one Carat, 
then *tis Gold of 23 Car/its j and if it lofes two Ca- 
rats in the Refining, 'tis call'd Gold of 11 Carats. 

Carat of gearia, SWamonw ana ot|)er various 

JStOfltJ*, is the Weight of four Grains only. 

Cftrftt&tti (in the Eafiern Countries) an Affem- 
bly, or Meetini? together of Merchant Piloriins 
and other Travellers ; to go in Company with a 
Guide and a Convoy, for more Safety and Conve- 
nience: Alfo a Sea-Expedition made by the new 
Knights of Malta. 

Carafcanfera or Carafcana^ato, an inn, or 

Houfe of Entertainment, among the Turkj and 

CarafKl or Cartel, a kind of light round Ship, 
wich a iquare Poop, rigg'd and fitted out like a Gal- 
ley, holding about fix fcore or feven (core Tun : 
Thefe are counted the beft Sailers on the Sea, and 
rnucrf ufed by the Portuguefes. 

CftMltoaW, an Herb, whofe Leaves are fome- 
what { likc [hofc of a Car ret ; the Seeds of it are 
goo^fe break Wind, provoke Urine, and help 

Canute* See Carabine. 

'ffi&tlJO-* fLat.) a dead Coal, or a burning Coal j 
"ialfpjthe Carbuncle, a kind of Sore or Swelling 

I g A 

Colour like a burning Coal : Alio a g^yJtoph, 
iOT PJagu^-Sore, with a black Crutt oi }(£#£> thac 
falls ©£ and leaves a deep and dangerot#jJW4# 5 
both otnerwife calfd Anthtcx* , nunt'i 10 

Carbtinrulation, the Biatbug of th& t M<wfb<>™- 

ed Buds of Trees and Plants, either jby^g&gflSve 
Heat, or the like excels of Cold. .ir?})! $i'Y 

CarbtmCUiuft ^/O a CartuiKle. v, £ >w l% 

Carcanrt* Sce-c^r^.,,. ^^ ]r[ ^ n ^ 

Carrafd, a dead Body: Alfo an Iron CafiraJxfac 
the Bigneis of a Bomb, fo^Kjcunes to*4tf>M of 
Iron, with two or three Holes^ through ^i^wblhc 
Fire is to blaze ; and fometim^s zprt&iiwg o^ly of 
Iron Bars, or Hoops cover'd over withrttf^lctord 
Canvas-Cloth, ,and filfd with Gsanado*ffr Bandit 
of Piftokts charge* and wrapped up bi.To^cdi^rffd 
in Oil. and other Materials for the Fivino< fcf iHJu- 
fes. They are Inot out of Mortar-Pieces litegfrmbs 
into Befieged Places, fife. , , ; . j< 

CarfCllage, the Fees of a Prifon. ,-^riT 

Carc|)eB0ntU5, (Gr.) a kind of CarboocWacr 
precious Stone, fo call'd, becauie it w*fl fkfkbv au ght 
from the Indies to Carthagt y\ Africa \-^y i;ifn3> 

CarttfrfiUttt, the Tunneloo die Top «f, i«$iip 9 s 
Maft above the Sail- Yards ; alfo a fort of Bandage 
us'd by Surgeons, cdnfiftkig of two Reins dxaxjn ay 
be equally ftretched out. £ ^f| 

, Carrinet!>?fiO,,th^ Herb Knot-Grafs, r affe4>for 
fhmchin^ Blood. .<^,^ffK' 

CatCinotW, a kind of SweRiog like a CaiKttc) 
€Wti9t^UU the Cancer^Swelling, fo caU^by 
tffe Greeks, be;6re it comes to 4a Ulcer ; a.Uttot 
or blind Caritef. ^g 

Cardmw, the Cmb-JFifti K alfo the Catfter- 
Sore. -\. . ..» M g 

Cartemtae, a kind o£,Water-cre$es, iA$c$Z 
fmock ;' an Herb good againft ^he hot Scufry..:, >s 

CarWntomm»5 C*rdamw% ^ $F^T &ed 
hroMht from the Eaft-lmiiet> ©f | pletfiwf jhor 
TaKjone kjya4 pf. which is call d Grain o^J^ 

C4rt»m«Tor CariWmuttV Gar&n creffes jbrt 

Hprl\ ; .;, .,-; : , ; , VT f j : H ;- ? . ^ ( .M.h i; . ;x 

^TarOrCttf^ See Qusrdecue. > 

. Carma^ the Heart, one^tbft principal P«rt| of 

an Animal Body, appointed for the Circulating, of 

tb9 Blood. It was aKb an^}^dy, s taken; for the 

Mouth or Pit of the Stomach. .... . v 

Cartfata, a Suffocation or Syflitig of. ibe K^art 
by a polypus, or clotted Blo9d,:.In Jifistttoty, f he 
Median, or Liver- Vein : Alfo the Herb Mqth^ 
worr, good for Hypochondriacal Difrafes, tchjift? 
vnke Urine, and the Courfes, &c. , /AfT! 

Cartrfatal or Cartiacb, belqnging to the Umm 
alfo cordial or good for the Hearc., , v] ? T 

CarOiatb line, (in Chiromancy), the.iin^!^ 
the Heart, which incircles the Mount of the. 
Thumb, and is otherwife call'd the«&0& & 

CarManiltt, a Medicine which ftrengthen$ Of) 
nforrs the Heart ; a Cordial* .>. ^'L> 1 

Caruiarus JDoI% a Pain at the, Mputh ^f thf , 
>mach, which makes one think the v&f He^rt 
elfakes; the 'Hearcburninfr lClV ,; ".;[, , (I %0l>n j 

Carirtaru* cirrus, (in a^j aB^nch^^e 

Parvsgum, or eighth Pair of Nerv^, vrfiic;ba^|it 
the firft or fecono! Rib, is feat from; jt^defe&nrfjug 
Trunk, and be^o^ upon th^HH^ttii^WiBI/ 
Appendage. ' h^om^si^WfiM 


mach, fo that the Heart being ftraignren'd[fe|| u 
ifent w^v^tt^rfo^ftjn^ t fAimi^ 

<«0 kquatfCTO, the Sea-Drake, or Comoro J S«W»gJya^-^^ 



Digitized by 


A <£ A 

C A 

Cardinal $Utnb$tB, a Term in Grammar. See 

Numerals. b ^**^ . ' 

Cardinal ^fitlltfi, fin 4/fcW.) the firft, fourth, 
feventh, and tenth Angles, or Houfes, in a Scheme 
or Figure of the Heavens. 

Cartinal point* of ttje Compafe, or Ctarinal 

8BU1D8, are the Eaft, Weft, North, and South : 
Tie Equino&ial and Solftirial Points of the Eclip* 
tick, are alfo ftyi'd the Four Cardinal Points. 

CatDinal mgm Of tty SOOtacfe, are Aries, Li- 
bs, Cancer, and Capricorn. 

Cflttmtal tHettUt*, (in Divinity) are Prudence, 
Temperance, juftice, and Fortitude. 

A CfltMllfti) a chief Dignitary in the r Church 
of fyme, firft let up by Pope PafcbalL of whom 
there are feventy in Number, vi%. fix Cardinal 
Bifhops, fifty Cardinal Priefts, and fourteen Car- 
dinal Deacons. 

CatOtnali^IotoCr, a Flower fo call'd becaufe 
it is very red like a Cardinal's Robe ; a kind of 
Throat-wort, or Bell-flower, brought out of Ame- 
rica, and not to be feen but in the Gardens of cu- 
lms Flo*ift». 

CatmogmU0* See Cordidlgia. 
CatOtogWlHtfe, that knows the Hearr; an At- 
tribute or Property only belonging to God. 

CarDifCC, a precious Stone in the Shape of a 

£**», (£*#.) the Hinge of a Gate or Door : In 
Anatomy, the fecond Vertebra of the Neck, the 
fame m Epiftropbeus ; which See. 
^ CSfttNM, fUr.) a Bant fomewhat like an Ar- 
ritboak, the Lea? es of which whited fetve for a 

CfttfWIt or CattWOlMEIliftte, an Herb whofe 
Stalk is good to eat. 

< CftftufHfc (J>0 a Bird that fe&b amidft Thi- 
Mcs, &e> * Gcid-finch. 
^Cattmjfc tlic Ttriftle, or Fuller's Thiftle. 
-CatfWlt* WmMDMy (*. *. Bleffed or Holy 
Tkifc*e) a kind of Plant that grows commonly in 
Gardens, and bears fmall yellow Flowers, furroun- 
dtd /with ted Prickles. 

Catebatta, (Gr.) HeavinefsoftheHead, a pi. 

: CseiCtff or Clrettltta, (in old Latin Records) a 
C3aHi <ar Cart-load. 

Cancttata gfaHtW, a Pig or Mafs of Lead, 
weighing n8 Stone, or noo Pounds. 

4Mr«kA (did Word) Marks. 
1 ToCa*£lt ? (Sea-Term) to refit, or trim a Ship, 
whfch is done when (he is made fo light, that by 
means of another lower Veflel laid near her, flie < 
may be brought down on one Side, to the third, 
fourth, or fifth Strake, in order to be Calk r d, or 
Trimm'd, or have any Thing mended on the 
dth** Side. Whence if a Ship lye much on the 
one Side in her bearing Sail, (he is faid To Sail on 
she G***cn* 

Catfct, {Fr.y a Courfc, or Race, a Running 
fall Sjfcetf. 

To Carefej to make much of, to treat very 
oblkhrgly, to fawn upon, to court. 

4DMKW, gr*ar Erpreflxons of Friendship and 
Endearment, extraordinary Compliments. 
>Ca*eum, (La*) the Herb Caraways. 
:i<ratCt/ Bttartvreed, Sedge, or Sheer-grafs. 
SCWafrr^' Place where four feveul Streets, or 
Wayi-tWet tdgethe*, particularly the Name of the 
Market place in Oxford. 
&*&iito i *Wm&fy) Ground unbroken, orun- 

>€m&mtt, (HS'tftold WotcFfor Cargo. 

.to^^^^tte^^RKght/whoie, Lading, or 
Burden *of a Ship; alfo the Loajiog of a Horfe of 
jooor 400 Pounds; <*»v ' " 

CariattW0. See Caryatides. 

Cartbbc^OanDfi or Cat)tbaU|[aant>B , feveral 

Iflands in the Weft-Indies, fo nam'd from certain 
People feeding on a Mans-Flcfli, by whom they 
were formerly inhabited : The chief of them are 
now in, the Poffeffion of the Englijh ; as Barbadecs t 
St. Cbriftopbers, Nevis, &c. 

<tarica, (Lat.) a kind of dry Fig, a lenten 

Carica or Carura, a Sea- Veflel, a Ship call'd a 
Carick- t 

Cart&CS, Prawns, or Shrimps; a fort of Fifh. 

CartC0 9 Rottennefs in Wood, that is Worm- 
eaten : In Surgery, a Rottennefs, Gangreen y or 
Ulcer of the Bones, when their Subftance is pu- 

Carina, the Keel, or Bottom of a Ship; or 
the whole Ship : Alfo an Anatomical Term for 
the Beginning of the entire Vertebra, or Turn- 
ing- Joynts, as they appear in a young Chicken ih 
the Shell, from its being crooked like a Ship's 
Keel : And Herbalifts for the fame Reafon ufe 
the Word Carina to exprefs the lower Pet alum, 
or Leaf of a PapiUionaceons Flower : The 
Leaves of the Afpbodelus are alfo faid To be Can* 

Carfe, a certain Quantity of Wooll, the thiri 
tieth Part of a Sarplar ; which See. 

Carfefoff, perplexing, or difltra&ing $ as Corking 

CatlBlttj (JFK) a Chair of Jewels for the 

Carl) a Clown, from the Saxon Word Ceorlo 
of the fame Signification. 

Carlttan, a Town in Norfolk, held by a plea* 
fant Tenure, vi%. That ioo, Herrings bak'd in 
*4 Pies fhould be prefented to the King, in what 
Pan of England foever he was, when they firft 
came into Seafon. The Cuftom is ftill obferv'd, 
and the Herrings dnly conveyM to the King h% 
the Lord of the Manour. 

Carlitta or Carolina, the Carline-Thiftle, a 
Plant fo call'd from the Emperour Charles the 
Great ; whofe Army was preferv'd from the 
Plague by the Ufe of its Roor. 

Carltfigg, (among Shipwrights) are Timbers in 
a Ship that lie along fore and aft from one Beam 
to another, and bear up the Ledges, on which the 
Planks of the Deck are made faft. . 

C^rlOlg^knmL Timbers lying a- croft from 
the Ship, from her Sides to the Hatch-way be* 
tween the two Mafts, and bearing up the Deck on 
both Sides. 

CantUl, a Military Order of Knights, appoint- 
ed by the Emperour, Henry IV. under the Title 
of our Lady of Mount CarmeL 

Carmelite*, an Order of Monks, founded at 
Mount Carmel in Syria, by Almerkus, Bilhop of 
Antioch, A. D. MIX. 

CankinanttaorCarillinatifea, Carminative Me- 
dicines, 1. e. fuch as ferve to< difperfe and drive out 

Carmotlfa!, a rurktjb Merchant-Man. See Co- 

CarnatW, a Spanifb Coin, of which fix make a 
Marveid, and 54 Marveids a fyal, which is equal 
to fix Pence Englijh Money. 

Carnage, (Lat.) a MaiTacre,or great Slaughter: 
Among Hunters, the Flefli that is given to Dogs 
after the Chace. 

Carnal, belonging to the Flefli, Flefhly, or Sen- 

Cantalitp, Flefhlinefs, a being given to fletbly 

Carnartum, (Lot.) a Butcher's Shambles, a 

Butchery, or Flefb-Markei ; a Larder, or Roon^ 

O % where 

Digitized by 



G A 

whett Ffcfh ii hungW, br fc^pt t luoMRecoWs, 
t Charnel-Houfe, or Place wfceffe the Bones of the 
DeaiftM'Uid up.' ' r ' ■ 

' 4$arttttton, a reddtfo^rtme Colour, refemblmg 
fliat0fPltfh: AlfoWMnd of GitRflower, or dou- 
ble Pink, fo call'd 'from its being of that Colour. 
In Printing, it is taken for fuch Para of a Humane 
Body as : aw! drawn uakeS, withont any Drapery : 
So that when the bate Plefli is fo exprefs'd to the 
Life,-wdl-colbured, bold and ftrong, the Painter % 
Carnation is faid to be very good. 

CarflatWl or Camttat, Shrove-tidc, a Time of 
Fe*fttng and Merriment among Hpm*n*Catbohe\s, 
from theFeftival of Twelfth Day 'till Lent, when 
more than ordinary Liberty is aHow'd, as it were 
to make amends f6r the Abftinence, or Pennance 
Whie*h ft to bfe undergone afterwards : Whence it 
is figuratively ta'ken for any Time of Rioting, or 

<D«ritel, a little Sfcfp,-that goes with Miffen- 
Sails inftead of Main-Sails, and is much in Ufe 
about Spain. 

• ^£»liel4»ljfc, ; * Term uVd when Ships are 
btsxk firft wfth rhVir Tntfbers and Beams, and 
afterWai* 1 Imv^- their Planks brought' on; in 
which Refped it is drftinguilhed from Ctinch- 

m*%~> > ■* - * ■ 

Carttefil, a kind of ttob ; alfo a prerious Stone 
P&SaW*s£#prs. • " 

<BtttWf 9 a Difeafe in Horfes, wheteby their 
Rfciitfcs becttoie fo ft»r $ d arid clAintay that they 
cannot eat, 

CarnfttyftUI* devouring Pkfli, that liteswon 
"citiftg Plefli j as Carnivorous AMmals, 1 e. Inch 
Lii^Cteatures as feed upon Plefli whoHy/or 
chfcfly. - 

' ( CMtiogttl, (dlA Brifijh Ward) a kind of Woo- 
den Difti, or Piggen. 

CmWfflp, ( Lat.\ an abbunding in FMh, a 
more than onftttary rlefhinefs in any Part of the 
Body; *ny Thing that grows out in the Flefh, 
dpecfelly in the Yard, fo as to ftop the Paflage of 
the Urine. 

Canton*, fall of Ftefo, Fkfhy ; as ACamous 

■ CftrtAtrfc? the Bafe-Ring, or greateft Circle 
about the Breeeh of a great Gun. 

Care, ! (Lat.) the Ffefh of Living-Creatures, de- 
fied by Anatomifts to be a fimilar, fibrous, bloody, 
foft, afld thick hire, which with the Bones is the 
main Prop of the Body : Among Herbalifts, the 
Subftince under the Pili; or Rind of Trees ; the 
Pulp, or foft Subftance contained within any Plant, 
or its Ftuit j as the Pulp of CaJJia, Prunes, Tama- 
rinds, flto. 

Carob, a fort of fmaH Weight, us'd by Gold- 
fmiths, being th?^4th Part of a Grain. 

CotOb or Carob^btatl, a Fruit that taftes fome- 
what like Chefnucs. 

Carol, (ft.) a Wind of ©atoce : Alfoan Hymn, 
or Song fun£ at CMJbnas, in Honour of our Blef- 
fed Saviours Birth. 

Carfcla, (in xAA-Uti* Records) a little Pew, or 
Clofet. See Carrel. 

CaWHna^at, a' fort of Felt, or Cloth-Hat. 

CatOlli*, a BndHdjpiece of Gold, made by King 
Charles I. lor 10 Shillings, which in Proportion 
to "Guinea's parting at at s. 6 d. is worth 13 /. 
Alfo an old French Coin of Ten Deniers Value, or 
Three Farthings Bnglifb* 

Ca*0f, (Grj Surfeiting 5 alfo a Lethargy, or 
deep Sleep. See Carus. 

CafrflB of Cargll, the Herb Caraways: 
; J C*rttfft (L4*. Xch« wild Carret. ' j 

* Ca^OtCCl, a particular Quantity of feme Mfr-J 
(handizes : as Of Ctvto, from four to five Hun- 1 

dred Weight* ©fC*rrj*/,*fto«l 5 rthfrf&jOf 
■Mace, about % C Qi^fbitm^c fam 6i 16 

7* €; < • '•• .%«-■;< -•<[ *:i\r*\]% 

CatttttC** (Or. in Anai.) theJb&tiArATmm 
which fpring from the afcending Tjtoit oflthp4*% 
$a, or great Artery, and march ^tip to the BriHta J 
being io call'd, becaufe when cyfc^.tor ftopp'4 &ex 
immediately incline the Perfon w Steeps or rt^M(e 
a Lethargy. ^ ^ 

Carttlfe, {Fr.) hard DrinkiiiR $ nextfto&ditftty 
Drinking-Bout. -,j 

To CarOttfe, to drink Hand to Fift ; to q«rf, AC 
take large Draughts. u \ ^ 

CariU an excellent Frefh- Water Fifli. > 

To Car», to cenfure, or blame -, to cant to 
find Fault with. > 

Carp^fmtr, a Stone of a Triangular Figure} 
found in the Palate of a Carp. >f 

Carpenter' JMffUl?, an Inftrumcntmadeof Box, 
a Foot or 18 Inches long, to fliut with a Joynt, fa* 
the Mealnring of Timber aud Boards. 
Carpmtrn, the Carpenter's Art, or Trade, " 
Carpentum, {Lat.) a Chariot, a Coach or Wag* 
gon. In Aftrelogy, the Throne, or Seat of a Plapei^ 
when pofited, or fet in a Place where it has mbft 
CarjWf HOT, |Gr.; Cubebs, a kind of Plant. . , 
CarftlW, the Herb Fenegreek. 
Carpia 9 (Lat.) a Tent put into a Wowid, or 
Ulcer, to cleanfe ir. 

CarptflUf, a kind of Oak, Plane-tree, or M» 
pie, Hedge-beach, or Horn-beam. 
. 4Dar#0, the Carp-Fifii. 

CartmttatS, a kind of coarfe Qoth made in the 
Northern Parts of England. 
Carpobaitamum, the Fruit of die Bajfam-ate: 
4taf ptttaHflHfl, a Sedr of Hweticfe that h*d 
Carpoarates for their RingJeader, A. C. no. Thef 
^eny'dthe Divinity of Chrift, and the Creation erf 
she World. ; ^ 

CarpopfjrttOtt, a Shrub, call'd Laurel of Atr& 

andrid. , 

Carpttfii the Wrift, confiding of Eight final 

Bones, with which the Cubit, or Elbow is joy» # d 

to the Hand. 

Carratk or Carricft, a great Ship, fnwi the 
Italian Word Ctrico, or Car**, ijgntfyiag a ,§ur J 

Carrat or Carrect, was formerly usd ; for -any 

Weight, orBurtheh; but is now only apply'd fo 
the Weight of Gold, or precious Stones. . See 

Carre, ( Country^Word ) woody, mojft, und 
boggy Ground. .1 

Carrel, a Clofer, or Pew in a Monaftery, fpt 
Privacy and Retirement. In old Times, icwry 
Monk had his feveral Carrel to himfelf, and us'd 
to refoft thither after Dinner to Study. 

Carreta or Carrerta, (in ancient Latin t^is) 
a Carriage, a Cart-load,, or Waggon- load 5 asCJir- 
reta Feeni, a Load of Hay. ^ 

Carriage, the carrying of Goods, or Merchan- 
dizes ; alio a kind of cover'd, or clofc Waggpn ; 
alfo one's Mein, or Behavidur : In Husbandry, 
Carriage is taken for a fort of Furrow cut on Pu** 
pofe for the conveying of Water to over-flow, qr 
drown the Ground. • \ 

Carrtages fo: gteces of flD:liuiance 9 a kind fif 

long, narrow Cans, eiach madeiqo the Prowfjion 
of the Gun it is to carry : When th^y ftao4 WCfi 
Batteries they have only two 3lKM$lso 'Wti 1 !P CI1 
drawn, two other lefs Wheels &p *ft$j& b^fSM' 
the Breech of the Piece. ,. /j A ,c ' ?:*:0 

::Catrterfl^iice. See;^r^^/fW*7rO / .' 
r <$arrton> the iftiafcjas^ea^i/^Wilfteft of ,.•.•■ 

dead Beaft. 

ia; 'u 

Digitized by 


£ A 

C A) 

TOCaftutt,? AqPa, tmagnlfittat H4kivat ibtde 

tty ftriiwcj) ortfoW*toe*pupon)fqnio< ©ocafiorifcf 

Publick Rejoycing ? which confifts in a CavalOad*, 

tarfWiafaiKmhtixi (Borie-back of gfrot PerQna- 

«s riiihiy>GtaiMQpuries erf Chariots and Horfea, 

Pobtkk Sfew*, iSi*m .flfc> 

Y°#arftWfl^ tf ^) a Citaoach, a Chariot, a Gart. 

*<&t*1V{W^ Ftiemaft tfgnifies a Hawk's flying 

away with the Quarry. 

V&d €mtf « S5«*> a Sea-phrafe. See ltaif .' 
Cflttftng; is alfo a Term in Hunting : For when 

*ft H**efcons*ori rotten <Jround , or fometlmes on 
Froft, and it fticks to her Feet, : the Hfcntfmen ; fay 
She carries 4 

<$tm?l (Fr # ) a ChaUeirge to a Duel, a Letter 
of Defiance : Alfo a Regulation, or Agreement 
beti^i*: Yhftwa'ar War » for the Exchanging and 
Redeeming of Prifoners, 

y '^atMAar, belonging to, or one that foHows the 
©pinionS'of the'famous French Philofopher Cartefi- 
Jius 9 or Des Cartes. 

Caft$mii!S, (I^.) wild,- or Baftard Saflton, 
^IKoYe Fiowertf are of a Saffron-colour, but the 
££&*& tefembfe Cardms BeneHBusi It is fometimes 
iisMin- Fbffic\ % and purge* very ftrongly. 

CattltffmanDua, a famous Britijh Lady, Qneen I 
of xh&Brigantej, who cafting off her Hurtand Vc- I 
nvfiw, Marry *d his Armour-bearer, and Grown *d 
WmTOhg; ' 

Cartt)U0aiU( or C^attt etljr, an Order of Moriki, 
K&ided, A. D. ifcoi. ty on* Brim * Native of 
Volon, and Canon of I$eims in Fnntc/, who 1 reti/d 
from the Converfe of the World, 1084, to a 
ftut callM £4 Cbtrtteuft, 'in the Mountains of 

Chrtttagf, (L4f. in ^4/.) a Griftie, arTaidrel, 
as of tlie Ear, Nofe, *&c. A Similar white Part, 
Which is more hard and dry than a Ligament, but 
Jbfter than a Bone : It renders the Articulation, be 
jointing of Bones more eafie, and defends ftvertol 
Parh item outward Injuries. ' S 

CarttlajjiHOUS, belonging to, or full of Griftfca 
iriftJy. -. 

r CartOOfl^ tM Painting) a Defign, or Draught 
made upon Paper, to be afterwards drawn in frefco 
%ipon a Wall. 

- r '*artrfDB*5 CAttOUrffe or CattOOTe^ a Charge of 
Powder for a great, or fmall Gun, pur in a Cafe 
itiidfi of thick Paper, Pafte-board, Parchrnent, or 
^itt, ki\i e*a&ly fitred to the Bore of the Piece. 
Virtridge is alfd a kind of Ornament in Carving, 
pr Painting. r 

CafUfa, (ifl ancient Latin Deeds) a Plough, from 

the French Word Charrue, which fignifies the fame 


7 ^HltagJor Caniagf, a Term fometimes us'd 
3rt 'Husbandry ; the Ploughing of Ground, cither or- 
binary fdr Grain, Hemp and Line, or extraordina- 
ry TdrWoad, Dyere-weed, Rape, Pani^ck, &c. In 
a'tlaw-fehfe, a T*x heretofore laid on a Carue of 
Land ; alfo an Exemption from, or a being quit of 

^ftlfflta, a Carue, or Plough-land, or as much 
Ea#8 a* rtiay be Till'd in a Year with one Plough : 
K j K n SaUfo fometiriles taken for a Cart-load ; as 
Hari/ctia Hgni. a Cart-load of Wood. 
, Carucata J&OUttU a Team of Oxen for Draw- 
ing* Plo^Wg. ? / 
* ^ ! &SSW(fttaf tug, *toe that held Lands in Carue, or 

^M©^ o**C*Wfe flf Jlattm the fame with Caru- 

Catttl. See Caravil. xi ' 

fatt^^mdAp filcfrir:) *M*wk is fo calTd 
^n^«hb^|idningf^^e'Ye4r^froiti it* being car- 
tvjd on the Fife ^ r,* 

Fiefo, * Fldb-herael. ; L> ,., > ,^. M r > 

Catunculse larjjjpmalei, or&ttyvul^fuli 

(in ^44/.) the Caruncles of the£*e, ccfif^n Gian- 
dules or Kerneb plac'd at cac?h Corner ofnthi fyf, 
whkh feparate Mawer fot th& mpifteoing of i% the 
fame with Tears. 

Catuncula? «ppttiftunwi ^ Wrinkling of the 
Orifice of the Vagin* or W(Mnb.paffage r whjch in 
Women with Child, and after Child-birth, are fo 
defae'd, that they cannot be perceiv'd. 

Cat WCll!* PapiUateH, ^re Ten fmall Bodies in 
the Reins or Kidneys, which receive the Humour 
card Serum, from the little Channels, and convey 
it into the Pthis. 

Catu* or Catflfc (Gr.) a Sleep, in whi<& the 
Perfon afle&ed, being pulFd, pinch'd, and call'd, 
fcarce fhews any Sign cither of Feeling or Hear- 
ing : This Diftemper is without a Feaver, being in 
Degree greater than a Lethai^y, but lefs thjan an 

CafcWatfoW, fin Architetiure) an Ordejr of Pil- 
lars (hap'd like the Bodies ff Women^ wittrheir 
Arms cut off, and doath'd in a Robe reaching 
down to their Feet. Thefe Figures fupp^K the 
EatabUture, and were at firft made to reprefent 
the Women of C4774 in Pchponnefus, who were 
made caplive fey the Gr*fa, and cairy'4 i^ Tri- 
umph, after all the Male Inhabitants were put u> 
the Swoid, and thek/ Ciiy burnt» for tretctkerauf- 
ly joyniog with the Perjmt agaiaft theii own 

4kt#tt8i a kind of Spurge ; and H«*v \ I 

Ci«foraflttWI»t an EleAnary, fo calTdfr#m jti 
Ingredients^ which are Cloves and Ceflu $ is * 
chie fly us' d for the Gout and Pains in the Limbs. 

CaWDCaractf*, the Nut-breaker, cr Nnt-jobT 
ber ; a (ore of Bird. - 

€a**on» any kind of Nut, more-efp*ciaMy ;the 
Walnut. Klarjm mjrifti&n, a Nutmeg. 

C^gopj)pftata, Avens, an Herb of a fomewhat 
binding Quality, chiefly us'd inwardly to curi* 
Rheums, and for quickening the Blood; 

CarPCpbpOeiift jpio*, a Pinkflowen 

Catpophrtftim 5 rhe Clove-Gilliflower. 

Co^ppwn attmmimm, the Clovev *n In- 
dian Spice. 

<jyi»paras a kind of Date as big as a Walnut. 

Caftateir the Pnmmel, or hinderinoft round 
Knok a* the Breech of a great Gun, by fome caU'd 
the CafcabeLdeck. 

CafnW, (7m/.) a FaH df Waters from a Rock 
into a low Place, or an artificial Water, fall, fuchas 
is mtde in fome Gentlemeos Gardens. 

Caftatl, (Fr. in Forfificatiqn) a Hole, a hollow 
Place in Form of a Well, from whence a GaUery 
digged in like manner under Ground, is convey'd 
to give Air jo the Enemies Mine. 

Caftarjna, (l^.) the Bark of an Indian Tree. 

CaflT* Thing, Matter, Queftion, Occafion^ Con- 
dition : Among Printers, a Frame divided into lit- 
tle Boxes, wherein the caft Letters of the Alpha- 
bet are pur, in order to be pick'd out for the com- 
pofing of Words, (#c. 

Cafe Of Confront?, a Scmple or Queftion a- 
bout fome Matter of Religion, which the diffa- 
tisfy'd Party is defirous to have refolved. 

CaftofipOimanDP^laf^ a Quantity pppfift- 
ing of 120 Foot. 

Cafe0, (in Grammar) are tnofe Accidents of a 
Noun, which fliew how it is Vary'd ii| ^tsCon- 
ftru&ion : Thefe ate Six in Number ; vi\. the 
Nominative , Genitive , Dative 4 + Atcufatwt f Voca- 
tive, and Ablative ; which See in their proper 

'Digitized by 


C A 


/ A 

Ctf*** or %r«Wb«» (in (?mw«^) ImtU 

Bullet^ N*U«, Pi«cts, of old Iron* Scones, €*?. p* 
into Cafes, to be (hot out of the Ordinance or 
J^urdcrJng-piecqSv. ; * 

<£afopatt, < in K&#ifi) a Well with its feveral 
Branches under Ground . digged in thePaflageof 
the Baftion 'till the Miner is heard at Worjt, and 
Air given to 0iq Mipe : Alfo a Vault made of Ma- 
fons-Work, io that par* of the Flank of a Baftion, 
' .wh'iph i* next the Counin, on purpofe to fire upon 
the Enemy, and to defend the Face of the oppofite 
Baftion with the Moat : Alfo a Loop-hole in a 
VTall to (hoot through. 

Cafcmmtn part of a Window that opens to let 
in the Air, &s. Alfo a Term in AmbittBurt, the 
fame as Tocbilus;,y?\iich See, 

Catena (Frencfj inPortifictt.) a little Building, 
Ropqi, or Lodgnient rais'd between the Rampart 
and the Houfes of a fortify *d Town, to fcrve as 
an Apartment or Lodging for the Soldiers of the 

Call), a Term us'd by Merchants for ready 

tiMjtify a.CtOvJpiW^t 

To €afytCt y tp ^isb^aad or brfak up a Regiment 
or Company ; to tiyn a Soldier with Difgrace out 
of a Company. , 

Cafljffl, the Juice or Gum of a Tree in tfce Em/I- 

Jndies. ., , 

Cafitlgs or Coto blaKns, (Couj^word) dryM 
Cow-Dung for Fuel. , / ; , ■ 

Cafik, a kind of Veffelj alfo an Head-piece. 

Cafili Of SllmonDB, a Barrel conu^p^ about 
Three Hundred Weight : Of St&r, bom Might to , 
a Eleven Hundred. * f _ 

CagbCt, a little Gofler, or Cabinet. , 

Ca£bCt5, (in a Ship) are fmall String! made pf 
S/nwr/, and fix'd to the upper part of the Yards in 
little Rings cali'd Grommets, to make faft the Sails 
to tbe^Yftifi* wncntney are to be furl'dup. The 
biggeft and longeft of thefe, termed the Bnifc 
C*s\ct, is in the middle of the Yard, juft between 
the Ties. i , 

Cafctoetft, a kind of Herb. 

Caffatum or Caffata, (in old JU*« &"&) 
a Houic with Land fufficient to maintain put 
Family. 4 

Ca{Tat)e 7 a Root yery comqaon ia. Amgri**, the 
Juice of which is rank Poiibn, bat the dry Sub- 
ftance, after the Juice is fquee/d oat, is the gene* 
ral Bread of that Country. 

CAffatoarp or (glftetb a large Fowl, about the 
Bignefs of an Oftridge, with Feathers refembliog 
Camels- Hair. 

CaflittOle, (?r) a Copper-pan : In C*#Jt#ry, a 
Loaf ftuffd with a Ha(h of roafted Pullets, Chic- 
kens,^, and dreft'd in a Stew.pan of the fame 
Bignefs with the Loaf : Alfo a kind of Scop or Pot* 
age of Rice. &c. with a Ragoo, 

Caflla ififtula,(L4/.) Caifia in the Pipe or Cane, 
a kind of Reed or Shrub that grows in IndU and 
JfricA, bearing black, round and long Cods, in 
which is contain'd a foft black Subftance, fweet 
like Honey, and of a purging Quality. 

Caflia ILtgiua, thefweet Wood of a Tree, very 
much fike Cinnamon. 

Cflffittnp, an Herb, otherwife cali'd Caft-me- 
dmn, 4 and F/encb Lavender. 

Caffinf) a. fort of Country Farm-houfe in Itdly, 
fuch as are often fortify 'd by the Parties engag'd 
in the prefent War, to maintain a particular Poft, 
or noon fome other Occafion. 

Calliope? or Caffloptrta, a,Non(jcrn Cqnftclla- 
tioo, conGfting of Twenty five fixed Stars, and 
placed oppofite to the Great Bear on the othfr Sid? ,; 
of the Pole-Star. 

Ctfllqttt, a> Sof*raig» IMd^&mffrnw otiAef 
Governourm fome Ports okjks/^WtffULndies^^i is 
, €smttm^ (Or.) Tmv whiwdhesak: tw* ,nu 

Cliitiifc a kind of Gum growing *o the iweh 
orFirr-tree. , ... • >. »b i; >?~iH «ji_*riT 

Caffotfe) a foutoftfiown^ ^efjptehillyi filch, aa ate 
worn by Clergy-men. Vp£-:?i ; rfc! jii: 

Caffonte ertffctanir, CiskSupri sagat put 

up into Casks or Chefts, after/ iih* 4M Purifica- 
tion. • » . ' *i ,'-l j.\ ;x/n ■;•!*; 

tatfut*, (L4^.) the Weed Doddery os Wfcrf- 
bind, winding about other Herbs. fir Tir J 

Caff, a Throw : In Ftlcomy, a fee os couple iff 
Hawks. ..<•.■- >3 

So Caff a 9ahftt0 t|e 9tan^ it KMpufc her 

upon it. ■•>, I e 

SoCafl a iPofat af Zmtwft, (i» &**&****) 

to prick down on a Chart the Point of the Gotaa- 
pa£? any Land braes; from yoi^ or to And oft what 
Point the Ship bears at any inftant, or whflU Way 
the Ship has made. SetTravtrfe. « ' v 

CattaWck or Caftalip, (old Word}' aiSteVrard- 
fliip. ;-f.O 

Caflama, f Lut ) the Cheftnut^tree, and Pfiit 
which is of a binding Quality. 

Caftawtf, (Fr.) a fort of Snappers which Dan- 
cers of Sarabands tie about their Fingers, m keep 
Time with as they Dance; : 

Csflettaim^ a Keeper, Captain, or Contobleof 
a Caftlc. 

CaflcSaitp, the Manour, or Lordihip befooging 
so a Cattle, the extent of its Land and Jurit 

CaflHtKimt tfpentfo, ( 14^) Caftfit-usoA, a 

Service, or Labour fetmerly performed by Iafak>uc 
Tenants, for the Building and Upholding of >'C*> 
ftks and other puWick Places o£ Defence. 

Cafttjjattat, [Chaftifement, Pttnifhment, • Corre^ 
^ion. ■ ■ • « *r ,• 

toiKWt^ etatferves co cha&ifc. 

C0tt%» f iaFrfeswrr) any thing given to a Hawk 
t^ciftinfc and purge hear Gorge, or Maw ; as a Pet 
let of Hemp, Cotton, Feathers, & c. 

Ca tfng4Kl9 a, of wtch ihere^are 
two forts, but much alike in ufe and manner of 
throwing out. s> -VO 

CaftU, a Place ftrong either by Nature or Arc; 
ia a City, or in die Country, to keep the Beople 
in Obedience. >J *^ 

To CafBe, a Term us f d at Chefs- play. ^ J 

Caftie^guaro XMtf, Rents paid by Adfef that 
dwell within the! Precincts, or Bounds of a Ca*le> 
for maintaining Watch and Ward there. :i 

Caftlt.Utrt, a Word anciently us'd for any Ca^ 
ftle, Fort, or Bulwark. ,. r H 

CaltfCtmrt, an Impofition or Tax upon foch 
as dwell within a certain Compals of itty^ Csftle 
towards the Maintenance of thofe that watch lan* 
ward the fame: It is alfo taken for the Circuit H 
felf, inhabited by fuch as are fubjec% to ehi^iStr- 
vice. ; 

Caftluig, the Young of any Beaft uniimriy 
brought forth. 

Caflfnatt^ SecCdjpmsdt. 

CaflOS, (Gr.) the Beaver, a wild Beaft : Alfo w 
fine fort of Hat made of the Beavers Furt. See 
Bta+er. , > w,') 

CattOfe a feed Star of the Second Mf^tt1te]e^r 
Light in Gemini, whofe Losgirade » 105 0q^^ 
41 Mh. Latitude to Deg. 1 JkB*., .ytcir/Jr/nn^ 

€*tm and jSHlflur, the Sons df ^trii/iy aid^r- 
i^, whofe Embraces that Heathen God kftign*d r 
to have enjoy r d under the Form of fcfi'SMttP^JiP 

[Company of fixed Surs, the fame with GeM*fi» 


Digitized by 


A A 


isftHo a^ifmSkrjiMdcmmMnindd i* g*U(>Itt3rp4ftfc 
at Sea^tftoh>^p|fcatM tomUraneit ioi&wfi ^l^il 
on, and fo«ij«^asi foiling ton *fi* flttfti$i£fcthet 

Hj^^tfndifltnShipainiAe 4tape*o* BfcUiiSHTfrire t 
Tbefe Fires if doable fignifie an appfdathWig 

3 fiate^tf^fykiih^«on»iouribc «ft ffae S«*i*i/anc[ 
the latter is caBd Helena. .*•■■■ . » ••- .* ■ 

w qC|flJ:eti|fR2^?M*d l itii^ again* GoiMrulfions, 

T *jWe f bfitbt Liquor eontan'd in the little Bags tbki 
are next the Beaver's Groin, which is oily and of 

.{rlrrongcScefo* • : 

CafframetattM* the Arc of encamping, or 

ifi&t^ing a Camp, wherein to lodge an Army. 
Cafltnta, a kind of red Wheat. 

nri TfM?4lEWIWt^ <o Geld, or oat out? the Stones of 
a Living-creature ; alfo to take away, or leave (rot 

* fcinecparti o£ an Atahor*s Works in the publishing 
nftthenu *■ . - • ■* - ' * 

jtiCaffTJlrtflnnthe «Aa: of Catowing, or gelding ; 

ftAVQ|!CpaUPn fometinmes perform 'd by Surgeons, 
when there is a Mortification, oca fleihly Rapture 

Cafird or fttfftfl, a fort of Hawk, which in 
Sba|>ehintncfe refeniblcs the Lanncr, but for <(ize 
is like the Hobby: Her Game is the Growfc, a 
Jfrfttrlxttoaunoo in the North oi England and Wfe- 

• Caffrmfian CtOtiDH* See O^a* Caftrenfis. 
io4J&&ly {L*t.) accidental, happening by 
Chance. J 

^ tfflOialftr an Aaadewt that falls ont meetly by 
$oetune r or Chance, neither forefen not expedt- j 
ed. -*' - 

* CafkCCHfimiL^ a Writ of Entry granted jwhere 
^^Teaantui Couitcfy, or Tenant fir Term of Lift, 
ec for thp Life .of another, alienate^ or makes over 
Land in Ftr^ot ift Tai^ or for tit* Term df ifrid- 
jfcw&Lifc 1 .: . »-. .- * ^^ 

Cafu &tfttfO,' a Writ of Entry given by the 
Statute of Glo*c?fier 4 mhtvc a afenahr irt D&ker, 
A^utbfe^ioFe^^ for Term of i>ife, or^iri-tttril ; 
aniikJiej i«t tbe Party ra Reveffion agaiftft tlPe 
Alienee. > : > •"*-' 

^^iDri^^lCM^sk^i'itm<fiefiilvung Caftik>f ^Con- 
fciflDoeu ? ins *»"''- ? . «.'* • 

CaftlUl or Cafllle, a Mafs-PricftY >feftn*rfh 
fxtCbafnilenA v\ i. '• /> >' • -^Vf; 
slrftty'dfe vfriM baovm Creature, bred in alrfidft 
allCountries in tbe World ; alio a Sea-/jftfn&. 
See Gff/. (v , * ' > : r ' T 

nd^&&*tnt#*&? avfiart of ftair ripe in 08«J*r 

Cat^fift^'aiiind oftFtfir in- she Wifl-fttdbq to 
c«!lWfrfeon» ksDrorad Head and large glaring 
Eyes, by which they are difcover'd in hollow 
BofifcSfioqa x*i 

slCtfMttint tor XEattWlttnt, an Herb which Cats 
ifettch da^nght: *!*>- cat* good for Stoppages of the 

itfbbfltatH ft/kindrof.Pear fliap'd like an Hen's 
Egg, and ripe in Oftobcr. 

vtffifitSf&OuVfUiHerb otherwife cali'd. Ale.hoof; 
which See. 

Cat**atl or KtfMPlUlU, a long round Subftance 
tbniJfWWsftft'AC: Winter upon Nut-trees, Pines, 
£3*2 Alfifct kiad«of Reed bearing a Spike like a 
Cats-tail; fome call it Reed-Mace. 

idIMtllW«ttft $6fcJ*6aei that ii avarfe from, or 
ab^s ^ S^crairni^cf.Ciptifett. ^ - 

Catambajon, (iiMefcwwliflfO**** South Nod*, 
or^JP^^nfttSa^i&Bieitmdi &uSk&&ikff AUrbno- 
trfp^ite^U&Diti^b^r^aM^ ex^Sff • dgainft the 
UttfOjfcWFfcai \o axiol ad? iabn« ii a-m j *> • * 

!^af^ll«t^^ Mfftliciiwi* ttec pifrlge *iwn^- 
*"JUWflt ^ dww onial adj t tivsZ hwh lo •(-*'!"* ' 

<* C^W^i> is« aMdyri^l^.r^tttf^to for- 
med bf jdfHiwg die Pdinfc ^f J Cdnaittrr^ ^f RVfta! 
Refefted Ray*. v >^ y*< *>* ^i^) ^u 

CataC^rtw, (i.e.Abufe) a ^RhdottaP Pignte, 
when one Word is abnuVeiy^tTdr ari6JhVf; trTiffl- 
proper Expreflion, when fof Want 6f a f £rbpfcr WBrd 
to explain a Thought, we l takt one rhatirneitir, 
or even of a quite contrary Sigtiificatibn; W when 
we call a Man a Panitiiej that kills th^ KSftg, 
or his Matter, whereas a Parricide is ftridtly 1 6\xt 
that kills his Father : Or wWn we fay a Stfoer 
Ink-horn, &c. 

tfatarltDa^ (in ^f4/.) thiJ'flib'taMM thcSiibcla- 
vian. ' •" ■ ^ . .. r, i. «" 

CirtriPflltU0 5 a general Floofl, a Deluge/a great 
Rain, or overflowing with Wapef. l ' h ^ 

CataCOtnte, the Tombs of the Martytt' J 1o*'e&ird 
ih half, which the People^go to vific out of tt'lMn- 
ciple of Devotion.- 7 nefe ^re certain GrottoS, Or 
Caves under Ground, about 1 JThree Leagued from 
l{ome, where the Primitive Chriftians Wd Uiem- 
felves in Times of Perfedurfon, and bur^Hf^thq/e 
that fuflfer'd Martyrdom. 

Cataconftirte or CatajjjBl^tetej'a Scfeuc^^hich 
tr«ts o^ fefletfhrf^outxis^drthat explains 1 ther Na- 
ture and Properties 6f Eechdek luJ 

CataBtoptrical CeWfOjie, the fame as thc^Re- 
fteftuifc Te!fef<5Dpe. SetTekfcipe. ; - ,f - * 

CataDJOme, an Et>giae ^ lijkc a Crane ancientty 
o/d by FuiNfefs in helving np, or fettrtr£ 4 'tWwn 
any great Weight : Alfo aTUt-yard, ot place v^fiett 
Horfes nih'fer Pri tes. 

€ateHWl* of Cttamtjrf, Races where ^ Wa- 
ters oF% River fall with a great Noife. 

Cataegfe, a Stormy, or hollow Wind. ^ ^\, 4 % 

Catagma, a* breaking, of burfting : In (1 ^W^ 
; fte breaking; of Bones, or a reparation of CrnitW 
-Wuky in the hard Parts of the Body done by^mean^ 
fcf fotWe hard Inftru men t. /V 

"• Catafftttartf fe0 or Cataormatttfc jpertrtntfe fuch 

Retti«dies as are proper tor the codtolidatingj Ot 
knifing together of broken Bones. 

iCatagratfje, the firft Draught Or Defign of a 

'*<EM*leWirt arrtft, a dWf^ati'd Latin Wrfe, in 
which Hifi^Syi/tble is wanting, as Me* 'renidet in 
domo Her. Ucumar. Which Verfe only waars one 
SyllaW^«rtha!te it a pcrktlpmbick u - 

&atitkpftB or CatOCfjt!0, a Difeafe almoft like 
art *Apt*jfle#y, by which ail the Animal Flirisftions 
ate ibolinVd, yetfoas the Refpiration, or Faculty 
of brearffemg remains entire; and the Patient keeps 
the famfc Habit of Body that he did before he was 
ferz\J wirh tbe Diflemper. 

Catatla, ( Lat. Law-wdrd*) C^tals, or Chat- 

Cwailte raptfe twtnito jWlMtttonf** a Writ 

that lies for Rent due in a Borough or Houfe, and 
warrants a Man to tike tbe tJates, Doofs, or Win- 
dows, byway of Diftrefe. 

Catafito IttloTtlDfe) a Writ granted where 
Goods beinfc delivre'd to any Perfon, to keep for 
fome time, they are not defivet'd upon Demand at 
the Day appointed. 

Cat*!o#U£, a Roll, or Lift of Nanieft Titles of 
Books, &c. 

CKtalbttfta^ Medicines that bring an Efcar up* 
on Ulcers, or Sores. * 

Catammta, Womens . Monthly Courles , or 
Terms. " • 

Catamift^ an Ingfr^dr' /fifiy Tcept'forSodo-' 

» m y- ' Z \ *- - .-*.*'"•«'* 

; £6&*mp& or -Cfttanftr^ i"ttptf of Pl^y Ipeiwe^n 
Two Perfons, roffing fbrriethiJirf pne tb onoUir^ia ' 
', ? - *^*>> - -' - ^ f : 

lii c 


Digitized by 


C A 

C A 

Catafafma, a fweet Powder to be ftrev/d a- V 
midlt Clothes j alio fuch as are fometimes apply'd I 
to rhe Hcart-puto ftrengthen the Stomach. 
CafapJjOniC&B, Sec Catacouftickj. 
Catapfjo:*, a Difeafe in the Head, which caufes 
Hcavincls and deep Sleep : A general Name for all 
ions ©f drowiy Diftempers that are not attended 
with a Feaver. 

Cataf||arta^ at Bteaft- plate, or Coat of Mails a 

Cataj)^iartarittS-i a Horfeman in compleat Ar- 
mour, a Cuiraffitr. 

Catart^fans, a Se& of Heretic^ who bap- 
tiz'd their Dead, forbid fecond Marriages, and held 
other extravagant Opinions broach'd by Adontanus 
and Af tilts, who were of the Country of Pbrygia , 
AX. 181. 

C*t*plafttt, a Medicine of the Confidence of a 
Poaltifs made of proper Herbs, Roots, Seeds, Flow- 
ers, &c. either boil'd or otherwife, and apply'd to 
the difeafed Parr. 

Catapotttim, a Medicine to be fwallowed with- 
out chewing, a purging Pill. 

CatatfOfi*, a Falling, a Fall, Ruin : Among 
fome Writers in Phyfick, it is taken for a Symptom 
of the Falling-Sicknefs, when the the Patient falls 
furfdenly upon the Ground* 

CatapUlta, a warlike Engine, with which the 
Ancients us'd to caft the larger fort of Darts and 
Spears, fome of which were \% or i$ Foot long : 
In fome old Records, it is taken for a Croft-bow. 
Cttaputta, a fort of Spurge ; an Herb, 
•attract, a fteep Place in the Channel of a Ri- 
ver, caus'd by Rocks or other Obftades, Hopping 
the Courfe of its Stream, fo that the Water falls 
with great Force and Noife ; as the Catara&s of 
the Danube, Nile, Hf>ine } &c. Alfo a Floud-gate, 
a Sluce or Lock in a River : Alfo a Difeafe in the 
Eyes cau'd by a clotting of Phlegm between the 
Uveous Coat and the Cryftalline Humour, which 
is of Two forts, vi%. either Incipient, or Con- 

The StICifrfCttt or beginning Cfitatatt, is only a 
Suffufion, when little Clouds, Motes and Flies feem 
to hover before the Eyes ; but the Confirmed Cata- 
ra& is, when the Apple of the Eye is either wholly 
or in part cover 'd and over-fpread with a little 
thin Skin, fo that the Rays of Light cannot have 
due Admittance to the Eye. 

Cataract, is alfo a Diftempcr in the Eyes of a 
Hawk, which proeeds from grofs Humours in the 
Head, that often not only dim, but quite extin- 
guifli and take away the Sight. 

Catatracta or Catatacta, a Catara&, or great 
Fall of Water from an high Place : Alfo the Plun- 
geon, a kind of Cormorant, fo call'd, becaufe it 
violently flies down from on high to feize its 

Catattt), a Defludion or Falling down of Hu- 
mours from the Head towards the lower Parts, as 
the Noftrilf, Mouth, Throat, Lungs, fife. Some 
diftinguifh it by the Name of Cory^a when it falls 
on the Noftrils, by that of Bronchus when on the 
Jaws, and by the Word Bjoeum when it lights on 
the Breath 

C<itatt[) of tftc JfcpfaftV$ an <rtD> * Falltng-our of 
.the Marrow of the Spint or Back- Bone, which hap- 
pens when certain Lymphatick Veflels, which fur- 
round that Bone, are broken. 

CataittjU^ (Gr.) a Catarrh, or falling Rheum. 
CMarrtJU* £llffi3Cat0:tU0, a fmochering Rheum, 
when the Glandules or Kernels about the Throat 
are fwell'd, whereupon enfue* a Difficulty of Breath- 
ing, an<l Danger of being ftifled. 

Catdfarca a kind of Dropfy, the fame as Ana- 
farca 1 which See. 

CaUfta* (among the Romans) a Stage or Stall 
wtoere they let Slaves to Sale, and on which Chri* 
ftians us'd to be tormented. 

Cataftau% the third Act in a Comedy or Tra- 
gedy, in which Things are brought to full Perfe- 
ction and Ripenefs. In a Phyfical Senfc, the DiU 
pofition of the Body, or of Time. uO h% 

•atatema, State or Condition, pamdutafydf 
the Air. 

CataffTOpbe, thelaft Change, or chief Eva**i* 
a Stage-play ; the End, or Iifue of a Bufinefs $ ch* 
fatal or tragical Conclusion of any A&ion, dtf «T* 
Man's Life. 

Catatate, a Word tis'd by fome Authors that 
treat of Phyfick, for an Extenfon or Stmtfhtofe 
out of an Animal Body towards the lower Pares* - . 
CataCOtmtlf) a Term us'd in ancient AM*$u 
Sure, when the Chapiter of a Pillar is not of a 
Height proportionable to its Breadth. 

CatC9, Prize, or Booty ; alfo a fhort and witty 
Song : Alfo a kind of fwift- failing Sea-Veftt, lefer 
than a Hoy, and fo built that it wifi endlttfe aay 
Sea whatfoever. 

CatC|e0* are alfo thofe Farts of a Clock that 
hold, by hooking and catching bold of. 

«itC| am fpW, a Term us'd by WnBtkt* for 
a Running-catching one of another. 

To Cat*!, to lay hold of, to (natch, or Mar- 
cake, to furprize or come upon unawares. 

CatC^lpIp, a pretty Flower, the Stalks of which 
are fo clammy, chat they fomerimei become a 
Trap to the Fhcs. 

CattfHLaiiB, fome Grounds in Norfali fo calM; 
where it is not certainly known to what Parifli thejr 
belong ; fo that the parfon, who ferft gees the Tithes, 
enjoys th em fo r that Year, 

CatC^Otr, a Sergeant of the Mace, or Bailiff 
appointed to arreft Perfons for Debt, or upon anjf 
other Account : The Word, tiro now os f d in Con- 
tempt, was anciently without Reproach. 
Catechetical, (Gr.) that belongs to Catedaf 

€&et$ftltr, an InftruAion by Word of Month 
in the Principles and chief Points of the Chri Ihan 

CatTChht, one that is employ'd in Cateobfatng. 

To CatteWjt, to inftrud Youth in the iuoda- 
mental Articles of the Chrtftian Faitti. > * 

CStfCi)U, a Juice prefs'd out of feveral fort* of 
Fruits that are of a binding Quality, w#kh it 
brought from the E* ft Indies, and otherwife ctJTd 
Terra JaPonica. 

CatttptlteM, (in the Primitive Church) PeiC 
fons inftru&ed, for fome considerable Tima^ at 
the Principles of the Chriftian Religion, befer* 
they were admitted to Baptifm ; Novices in Chri- 

CategdlWia or CattglRia, the fome as Pmdtot 
mentum in Logick. See Predicament* 

CattgOtftttatical? belonging to Logteal Predica- 
ments, as A Categorematical Word, i. e. a Word 
that fignifies foftething of it felf; as a Mam, a 
Living-Creature, • * 

Categorical, the fame ; alfo affirmative, -pofii 
tive, formal ; faid in due Form, or to tM f Putpofc^ 
as A Categorical Anfwer. 

Categorical ^pDogifm* See fyfogfi* o**g* 

rical. * ••..-,*■»:.. Miy * 

CategOtp, the fame as P redi t mm j a Tera» in 

Logick, for Order or Rank. ~ -, ,; -- 1 »*• 

Catmaria 6t ^wtncirftrti^fta MM********- 

metry) is the Curve or crooked Line, wh*ofc ; i 
Rope, hanging freely betw^n^tw^^AuV^Saf- 
penfion, forms'itsfelf tneo. ' -'- mil >-s 

To Cater, to provide ViAaals,«C^ ^* ; i^ 


Digitized by 



~Kc* «< *» ■ 

m -Provider of VhftnaU 

font of Worms that eat up die Leaver, Buds an4. 
BlrfKfcsoofLaEioQ *t*i ftther PJaocs, tod dM* 
cba^eHiiioiB m tf^aw . rWbawtnvioiisPeffons, 
thAt^Mifa^vM*hOT<*nty ftrovocation, arccal- 
led Caterpillers. 

$m js^<*lfc a kind of Plant, only er 
its Seed-Veffels , that are like green 
GitSfpiUers ; fome bigger, fome 




I? (Gf.J a SeA of Hereticks, who 
held themfelves altogether pure, or free from Sin, 
rejofed Baprftm, and deny'd Original Sin. 

£M$pttiHf> a proper Name of Women, Signify- 
ing wti&re*k> pure or cbafte. 
' «cti^£S^&JFl0tK*,i b Y Tome call'd Bijhofs. 
w>«>r, im Herb of great Virtue againft the Pthifick , 
Shortnefs of Breath, Rheums, &c* 

<CMiftttft#9 a fort of Hereticks that were count- 
ed -A *ran$b *>tjL he hUmcbces. 

fjftWITittg^i f(ia a Ship) are fmall Ropes that 
run into Utile Blocks or Pullies from one Side of 
cbek£bff9yRfc §o the other near the Deck ; their 
Ufe being to kt the Sfarowds taught or ftifF, for 
the Bfcfera#d Safety of the Mafts when the Ship 

£ttj|#tttfc*, a general Name for all . purging 

HtJfdMWU a Church that is the Seat of a Bifliop 
€« A«*J»ftop, % - ; - 

Catpeftiatttfe, (Law- Word) the Summ of Two 
Shillings paid to the Bi (hop by the inferiour Clergy, 
iq tokfii $f Sgbje&ioii aod, Ref pe& 

;Cat%cmCTtftt Jfeblte, a Feaver or Ague that 
conies every Day. 

FlCjtfWtffrtofc Medicines that take away Super- 
Amities. - 

Cgt|er|Aligjfc. SteCatbarpings. 

Cat^tCt, (Gr.) a kind of Probe, or hollow In- 
ftjracneii! us'd by Surgeons to thruft up the Yard, to 
provoke Urine wjien it is ftopt by the Stone, or by 
Gravel lying in the Paffage ; of elfe for conveying 
sUMpcber Jpftrumentj catt'd Itin^rarium^ to find out 
the Stone in the Bladder. 

C«^tfrifmU0, the Operation of i»je&ipg or 
%tkling any Medicinal Liquor into the Bladder 
by a Catheter or a Syringe. i 

&M\pth ( in a Right-angled Triangle ) arejhe 
Sid$* including the Right Angle. 
£ €&t(£tU&> (in Geom.) a Line that falls perpendi- 
cularly or downright upon another ; moreefpecial- 
lyj*e Perpendicular in a Triangle ; the other Leg 
tt£>n& fiall'd the Hffotbenufal, and the Bottom the 

l&^chiteBHrCi&tihttVL* is taken for a Line 
fuppofed dire&ly to traverfe the middle of a Cy- 
WticaJ Body ; as of a Ballifter or PUlar. In the 
lonicl^ Chapiter, it is alio a Line falling perpendicu- 
larly $*d paifing through the Center or Eye of the 
V*l?H of. Scroll. 

% ]*<Qat$p tricks, Cat^tUg fignifies a Line drawn 
from the Point of Reflection, perpendicular to the 
Pfcuv? of theGlafs or polifhed Body. 
^<*WftM* Of jnciKWe, is a Right Line drawn 
from a Point of the Objecft, perpendicular to the 
ftedtdiag Line* m m 

eating of JUtOttiim orCat|etu« of tfjecpe, 

it tA^UaMkMra from the £ye, perpendicular 
to the Reflecting Line. , . 

-CKtaUctft^the /^^^h^dtProfeffion; a 

i*H CWc6 : But the Church # , fyw<r, which 15 
only a Part Q^itrljfflpcsftccouAy ^ m f^ $& Title 


of Ca tho lick, and the PapiflajacLiommonly call'd 

^ofaJk9*»>Hog& » &>«4*-Catholicks : The Title oj^ MoJOdt^iok 

apfet*. JnfeZt {one of thefe* , Majefty i$ alfo attributed totfc.Kipg btSflin. $cc 

1 Church. 

C*t|)0Urtt JpUftiace, (in Chymlftry) a little Fur-' 
riace fo difposld as to be fie for ail Operations, but 
thofc that are perforni'd with a violent Fire. 

C&tipltfOn* (in the Art of Phyjicl^) a purging 
Eleduary, proper to difperfe all ill Humours j an 
Univerfal Remedy, a Plaifter for all Sores. 

CattjOltUS, (in the Pradick of Scotland) the Va- 
lue of Nine Kine; a Penalty or Fine fet upon him 
that breaks the King's Peace. 

Catlj^pnia, (Gr.) a profound or deep Sleep, fuch 
as Men are in by taking Opiates, or by a Le- 
thargy, fifc. 

Cattlti, an ancient People who livM about Cath*- 
nettin Scotland. 

CatbtTUK or KaggcD Catbto, a kind of Sub- 
ftancetbat grows on Nut-trees, Birch trees, Pine- 
trees, Gfc. in the Wincer-titne, and falls oiF when 
the Trees begin to put forth their Leaves. 

Catliltg, a fort of Difmembring-Knife, us'd in 
cutting otf any corrupted Member of Part of the 
Body. Catlings are alfo the Down or Mofs that 
grows about walnut-trees, refembling a Cat's Hair. 
Catlings or Catlins are alfo a fort of fmall Cat-gut 
Strings for Mufical Inftruments. . 

CatOblqWB, (Gr.) a Beaft with a great Head, 
which always hang down, and kills at Sight, or 
rather with its venomous Breath, 

*atOCat^attidM or tMtO;tttrt», Med icihes that 
work downwards, and purge by Stool only. 

Catttbe or CatOCtlUB, a Difeafe. See Catatefftsl 

CatQCfctf£S ? a precious Stone in Cctfica, which is 
very clammy, like Gum ; alfo a kiha of "Hg. - 

Cflt0p^& a Dimnefs df Sight, the fame Willi 

CatOptrictei that Part bf the Science of 'Of ticks 
which lhews after what manner Objects may be 
fcen by Reflection 9 and alfo explains the Caufes, 
Laws, and Properties of ir. 

«atQ?etiffe8. See Cathartickj. 

C*tt or Catt4MB» fSea-Term) a large piece of 
Timber that is taften'd aloft over the HaWie, hi- 
ving Two Shivers at one End, in which is put thro' 
a Rope with a Block or Pulley, and thereto is fix'd 
a great Icon-Hook, call'd the Catt-bcoJ^: Irs Ufe is 
to trife or hoife up the Anchor frorti the Hiwfe to 
the Top of the Fore-caftle. 

1&lttJptftC&, certain Holes above the Gun-rqom 
Pots, through which upon Occasion a Ship is hea- 
ved a-ftern by means of a S tern- f aft, to which a 
Cable or Hawfer is brought for that Purpofe. 

Catt^OPf , a Rope us d in hailing up the Cart. 

Cftttatta, the Herb Cat-mint, or Nep. 

To Catteitoatol, to cry and range about, as Cats 
do in the Night. 

CattiCUCbtani? (Lat.*) an ancient People of Gnat 
Britain, who liv'd in thofe Parts which are now 
call'd Buckinghamshire, Bedford/hire, and Hart, 
ford- (hire. 

CatlllUB* a little Dog, a Whelp, or Puppey ; the 
Young of all Beafts ; a Cub, a Kitling. 

CatU0, a Male, or Boar Car. 

Catjlini*, (in old Records) a Hunting-horfe. 

Caualcatt, (fVJ a potfipous^ riding on Horfe- 
back of Courtiers and Perfons of Quality, upon 
fome folemn Occafion, to accompany and honour 
their Prince. 

Cafealitt or CattolKt, a Sword-Gentleman, a 
brave Warriour: The Word in French properly 
fignifies a Horle-man, or Trooper : In the Time 
of the Civil Wars under King Charles L it was a 
Name by which the King's Party was difttn- 

■* P In 

Digitized by 


G A 

U Fortifiatiorh CatWttet is a great Mafs, or 
Heap of Earth, fomctimes round, and fomenmes * 
long fquare, on the Top of which is a Platform, 
with a Parapet, or Breaftwork, to cover die Can- 
non planted on it : Tis rais'd in feveral Places, to 
oppole the Enemies commanding Works, to Icour 
their Trenches, or the Field, &c 

CatMfcP* Soldiers that ferve and fight on riorie- 
Uck, a Body of Horfe in an Army. 

Catattttiwu StcVensCava. . 

CatWJtOn, (in ArchiteS.) the hollowing, or on* 
der-diggmg ot the Earth for CeUerage, allow d 
to be the fixth Part of the Height o? the whole 
Building. ^ m ... 

CaufaliB, (Gr.) an Herb like Fennel, with a 
tfhite Flower, Baftard-Parfley, Hedge-Parfley. 
CauCOil, the Herb Horfe-tail. 
CatlU, (Lat.) the Tail of a Beaft, a Rump. 
CaUDa IllCiM, the Lion's Tail, a fixed Star of 
the firft Magnitude, whofe Longitude is 157 d. 
5) m. Latitude ia d. 16 m. V. f 

CatlDa terrx, (in ancient Deeds) a Land's EAd* 
the Bottom, or outmoft Part of a Ridge, or Fur- 
row in plough'd Lands. . 

CauKbeC, (Fr.) a fort of light Hat, firft made 
at Caudebec, a Town of Normandy in France. 

CauWfc (Lat.) the Stem, Trunk, or Body of 
A Tree. 

Cat*, a Den, or dark hollow Place tinder 

To Cat* or £faate, ( Country-word) to fepa- 
irate the larger Chaff from the Corn, or fmall 
Chaff; alfo great Coals fromleffer, with a Rake, 
pr Tome fuch Instrument. 

Catel, (L**0 * Cave, or Pit. In Chiromancy, 
a hollow Place in the middle of the Palm of the 
Hand, in which three principal Lines, nam'd the 
Csrdiack* Hefatkkj and Cepbalic\ make a Triangle. 
CatMttt, a Caution, or warning t Among Civi^ 
Hans, a Bill cnter'd in the Ecclefiaftical Court, to 
ftop the Proceedings of thofe who would prove a 
yf\\\ t to the Prejudice of another Party. 

Catertl* a natural Cave, or hollow Plac4 in 
a Rock, or Mountain, a Den, or Hole under 

CatientOtlS, belonging to, or full of Caverns, 
Dens, or Holes. 

Caters a Term us'd among the Miners, for 
Thieves that fteal Oar out of the Mines. 

CatttfOtl* a kind of falfe Rein, to hold, or lead 
a Horfe by. 

Cauf, a Cheft with Holes on the Top, to keep 
Filh alive in the Water. 

Cattiarp, (Jtal.) a dainty Difli made of the 
Roes of feveral Sorts of Filh Pickled, and efpeci- 
ally the Spawn of Sturgeon, catch 'd in the River 
Volga, in Mufcovy ; which mtich refembles green 
Soap, both in Colour and Subftance. 

Cattil, (Lat.) a captious Argument, a Quirk, a 
Shift. . 

To Catfl, to argue Captioufly, to play the So* 
phifter, to wrangle, to find fault with. 

Cavitation, the AA of Cavilling, or Wran- 
gling ; a School-Term for a fophiftical and falfe 
Argument, a particular manner of Difputing, 
grounded only upon Quirks and contentious Ni- 

CatJfal, (Fr.) a hollow Way : In the Art of 
War, a hollow Place, proper to cover Troops, and 
favour their Approaches to a Forrrefs, fo that they 
may advance therein under Shelter towards the 
Enemies? as it were in a Trench. 

Catftp, (Lat.) Hollownefs. Among Anato- 
mifts, Cavities are great hollow Spaces in the Bo- 
dy, which ferve to contain one, or more princi- 
pal Pans | as the Head for the Brain, the Cheft 

C A 


for the Lungs,' (£c Thfc lower Belly for the Li- 
ver, Spleen, and other Bowels : The leffer Ca- 
vities are the Ventricles of the Heart and Brain. 
Cavities arfe alfo taken for the hollow Parts of 
Cattlftjfifl, (Fr.) a kind of great Kettle. 
CauteWlt, (Gr. ih Surgery) a Fra&ure, or break* 
ing of a Bone a-crofc, when the Parts of it are fo 
feparated that they will not lye ftrair. 

Cauiiftroil* paiM, (among Herbalifts) are 
fuch as have a true Caulis, or Stalk, which a great 
many have not. 

Caillife (Lat.) the Stalk of any Herb; the 
Stem, or Trunk of a Tree ; It is alfo put for any 
kind of Pot- Herb, efpecially Cole-worts, Colli- 
flowers. ($c. 
ToCaulfe. See To C*^. 
Cauliftto, (Gr.) a kind of broad-IeavM Cole- 

Catipefl or CaljJCfl, ( Scotch Law-Term ) any 
Gift that a Man gives in his own Life-time to his 
Patrons; efpecially to the Head of the Clan, or 
Tribe r for his Maintenance and Protection* 

CftUtfiltf, certain Italian Merchants, fo catt'd 
from Caorfi, a Town in Lombard}, where they 
firft pra<5Us*d their Arts of Ufury and Extortion ; 
whence fpreadipg themfelves and their vile Trade 
thro* mbft .Part* of Europe, they were a common 
Plague to ever/ Nation where they got Footing, 
and were banifli'd from England by K. Henry 111. 
A. Z>. 124b. 

Cawugor €O?U0, (Lat,) the Wcftern, or North- 
Weft Wind, which commonly blows out of the 
Britijb Sea. 

Catifa 4pattftit0STtt plaelOCUtf, a Writ which lies 
where a Woman gives Lahds to a Man in Fee Sim- 
ple, to the Intent he fliould Marry her, and he re- 
fafes fo to do in reasonable Time, being requir'd 
thereto by the Woman. 

Caufa! j&JOpOfitfotlfly are thofe that contain 
two Propositions joyned together by a Conjun* 
&ion of the Caufe \_bccavfe, or to the End thatj as, 
Woe to the J{ich, becaufe they have their Felicity in 
this World. 

Cailfalttp, the AAion, or Power of a Caufe in 
producing irs Eflfed ; a being the Caufe or Origi- 
nal of a Thing. 

Caufam ItObUl 0gttiffce0, a Writ that lies to a 
Mayor of a Town, or City, who being formerly 
commanded by the King's Writ, to give the 
King's Grantee PofTefllon of any Lands or Tene- 
ments, forbears to do it, requiring 'him to (hew 
Caufe, why he fo delays the Performance of his 

Caufattttt, (in Grammar) as Caufative Particles, 
i. e . thofe that exprefs a Caufe, or Reafon j as, for, 
becaufe, feeing that, &c. 

Caufe, Principle, Occafion, Motive, Reafon, 
Subject. In a Law-Senfe, any Tryal, or A&ioa 
brought before a Judge, to be Difputed, Pleaded, 
or Examined. 

ItiLogickj Caufe is that whicb produces art Ef- 
fect, and it is fourfold, vi%. The Efficient Caufe, 
i. e. That from which any Thing proceeds ; the 
Material, that of which any Thing is made $ the 
Formal, that by which any Thing is "what it is ; and 
the "Final, that for the Sake of which any Thing 
is done. 

CaUftP or CaUfr 4X»P, (Fr.) a High-way, a 
Bank raifed in Marfhy 6round for Foot-Paflage. 
CaufODftB, (Gr.) a continual burning Fever. 
Cailfcn or CaufttB, a Burning, or Scorching, 
an exceifive Heat : , Alfo a burning Fever chat is 
attended with a greater Heat than other qontinu'd 
Fevers, an intollerable Third, and other extraordi- 
nary Symptoms. 


Digitized by 


C£ D 


that is of a burning | 
Skin, or Fle/h, or to J 
over a Sore, &■'. As 

CattftiC^ (in Sr.r«>ry) 
Quftlity, fit to burn the 
brrrrg hiEkir; or Cruft 
i'te^w&dtt&fcf?" **** * 

Cauftick Ctttt)W> a Term in Geometry. Sec 
Catacuufitt j^. 

ACatrftick^ or Cattfftrit jMone, a Compofi- 

tion made of ieveral Ingredients in order to burn, 
or eat Holes in the Part to which it is apply'd. 
See Cautery. 

€&UetlCkfi> or GI^k^^ arc thof* things 
which byrn the Skin and Flefh into an Efcar, or 
bstra GtiU^" as ia'hot Iron, burnt Brafs, unpacked 
0%/TuWiimated Mrwwy, &c. 

CSatittffflt?, fLatJ) circumfpeQ:, wary, heed- 
fill. r 

Cflttteri^atiOK; (P r -) tne Act of Cauterizing, 
air artificial Burning made by a Cattery. 

To tCaittrnje, , to apply a Cautery, to burn 
WMn a\c*armg-lron. 

Catttttp, a Term ufually diftinguifli'd by Sur- 
geonSrSnto A&ual and- Potential. 

flctuaf Ctattrp ^ is Fire, or an Inftrument 
i&atteof Gold, Silver, Copper, or Iron, which be- 
ing -heated, has art acluat Power oi burning into 
storthing, -and has an immediate Operation. 
-'fefteMfel Cautery is a Cauftick Stone, or 
Cempblmcn made of quick Lime, Soap, calcm'd 
^Eat^i*; l Chirnney-foot, ©V. which produces the 
fitocB#e£r, but in a longer Space Of Time. 

f^blt*€*VL\Ztyy otherwife call'd the Infernal 
Stone, is the beft fort of Cautery, made of Silver, 
diffdlted" with three 1 times as much Spirit of 
Nitre, and prepared according to Art. This 
Cauftick will continue for ever, if it be not ex 
po*^ t6 the Air, and may alfo be made of Cop- 
pery but it will not keep fo well. 

CmniSff^ron, m **° n ***<* Farriers make 
life of to cauterize, or fear thofe Parts of an Horfe 
ttot require Burning. - •« 

^CatttiOtt, (Lot.) Heed, Heedfiitnefs, or Wari- 
ng a Warning, or' Notice before-hand. * 
«* CftNCbltarp, given in Pledge, or Pawn, as 
Cautionary Towns, j. e. Towns delivered up as Se- 
tMtit*? 46t Mbrieyleht, or for Fwformance of Ar- 

Catttiotte amttlttcnna^ a Writ that liet agaitift 
-a Klh^p, -holding -an f Excommunicate Perfan in 

C€Ca 3 a certain religious Houfe at Carduba in 
Spain, or" which it is laid Proverbially, Togo from 
Ceca to Mcc3, i. *. to turn Ti:,\, or M#bom*%m, 

CeDar, a large Tree that bears Berries like Ju- 
niper, and whole Wood is almoft incorruptible, 
by reafon of its Bitternefs, which renders it dif- 
taileful to Worms. This Tree, is always green, 
and delights in cold and mountainous Countries 3 
but if the top of it be cut off, it dies. 

CeDmata^ ( Gr Humours falling down upon 
flic Joints, efpecially about the Hips. 

CetQt, C&O a kind of Citron or demon. 

CeDjelate, (O.) the great fort jpf Cedar, as.bift 
as a Fir-tree, and yielding Pitch as that does. 

C$D)ta> the Pitch, or Rosin that runs qj* of 
the great Cedar. . . ,.>. -,, ,i .,, 

CeDjtum, a Liquor, or Oiliffuingfforo tb$ ; jCe- 
dar-tree, with which Books, and jotherf, things 
were anciently anointed, to .keep them from 
Moths, Worms and Rottcnnef$. :lt was alfp us*d 
in Egypt, for the embalming of dead Bodies* ,„ 

Ce&jofttj*, the white Vine .growing in Hedges : 

Ce&jW, the Cedar-tree. 

CegtltM, a firal Star °^ & c AW Magnitude, 
in the left Shoulder of Bootes, whofe Longitude 
is 194 deg. 5 min. Latitude 49<icg- 3$ min. Bight 
Afcenfion ny deg. 29 min. Declination 39 deg.. 
27 rain. 

CelatlDUte, an Herb, otherwife call'd Swulkrw- 
worr, ftx>m a Tradition that Swallows mak^^ulc. of 
it as a Medkine for the Eye-fight. 

Ce(atttt9) (GrJ a kind of Tree that alttwys 
has Leaves, but bears Fruit very late. 

CrlT> a Tumour, or Swelling in any part O&he 
Body, efpecially the Groin. ', *... u •'.' * 

To CeltlUtte, (£«0 to commend, or jteatfe 
greatly, to fet forth, to fpread abroad one's. Farne, 
to Solemnize. \ ^ 

CrttbjaUlTj Solemnized, highly Honoured.* 
Alfo Famous, or Renowned. 

Celebration* the Aft of Celebrating, thodbirtg 
a thing with Ceremony and Solemnity, 

Ce(e6)tott0j famous, eminent, noted. 

Celeb)it?> Famoufnefs, publick Repute, Mag* 
oificence, Pomp. 

Celfrttp, Swiftnefs, Expedition, Speed. 

Cftottmf Weittntoslitu*, (Lot. in m*Um.y 

#Kn%K t f4r ! Contempt, notwithftanding that he! the Curve of the fwiftcit Defcent of any Natural 

bifers' fcffkienc Caution, or Pledges to obey the; 
€tonTmitfids a%vl Otders of the Church for the fii ' 

( • C^lttttOUffj provident, heedful, wary, well ad 
'CatfttttB^e, * Term us'd by Falcbners for 

tfte»4Ha^k« ^Treading- time. 

Cava., (in old i-<zr/« Records) a Key, or Wa 

ter^Sck^ See Kay. 
; CagagtWm, a Toll, or Duty, paid to the King 

^foipHLahdHig Goods 1 at fome Key, or Wharf. 
Caper, or Carter, (iv.) fcveral Sheets of Pa 

gef flightly tack'd together, to be carry'd at Plea 

fe ; 

1 ; Cabman, a kind of Crocodile. 
? l1 J Cafflliate* See Cafemate. 
L >€&ttn> - See C^/mi. 
^ ^a^imt, (^vii.) the Center of the Sun. A- 

mong Ajbologers a Planet is faid To be in Catkm 
*whett*itig* not above 17 Degrees drftant from the 

Sun^'Body 1 Sb 9^hen Sdtnrn is m 3 Degrees 14 

MiiiPof *Diam\ ib& the Sun in 3 Deg. 31 Min. of 
^^Ami SJ^n^t^laWis in Catbu* 

1 *tb Ce^fCy (/l^ ) to leave df, or give ovea^ to 
L torBea*} witflfeonti4f«e"j Ifobe at an end. 

^CflfJBWIIft^.^a Trunk to (hoot at Birds 

with Clay- pellets. 

Body, or that crooked Line in which aniheafry 
Body, defcending by its own Gravity, or Weight, 
fhould move from one given Point to another in 
the fhorteft time. 

Ceieny an Herb much us'd in Wintcr-faHets. 

€l{t»tal, Heavenly, Divine, Excellent. 

Celefttal <Wn*e* See GU*. • 

Celeftttie0 9 an Order of Monks, founded j 4 D* 
1 244, by one Peter a Sammite, who was afterwards 
cho(en Pope under the Name of Gr/r^iwr V. 

fcettbacp, or Cettbat*, the State or Condition 
of unmarried Perfons 5 Angle Life.' 

Cell, the Habitation, or Hut of a Hermit ; the 
Partitions in Monafteries where the Monks I'm in, 
are alfo call'd Cells. Alfo a Name given by Herbs- 
lifts to the Partitions, or hollow Places in the 
Husks, or Pods of Plants, wherein the Seed iscon- 

Cellar, an Apartment in the loweft part of a 
Building under the Ground. 

Cellarage, Cellar-Room, Conveniences in a 
Cellar for the flowing of Goods. Alfo a Duty paid 
for laying Wine in a Cellar. 

Cellanff, one that keeps the Cellar, or Buttery t 
in a religious Houfe ; the Roller in a Monafteryv 

CelUlt^ {Lot.) a little Cellar, Cell, or Buttery. , 

j „ i 

P 2 Cel^ 

Digitized by 


C E 

C E 

Cellulx 3fotettitti Colt, (in ^twr.) the Cavitjes, 
or hollow Spaces in the Gut Colon, where the Ex- 
crements lodge for foiae time, that they may che- 
rifh the Neighbouring Parts with their Jf?a$> and 
digeft any Crudities. 

CeHtttt&e, Highnefs, Nobilityy Excellency $ a 
Title of Honour fometimes given to a Prince. 

Cfcttlglit, a firoug and cleaving fort of Mortar, 
or Sodder. In Ckytoijtry, any Lute, or Loam, by 
which Veflels in Diftillatioi* are join'd 5 or, as we 
commonly fay, cemented together. Alfo a parti- 
cular maimer of purifying Gold, by laying Beds 
aver it with hard Pafte made of one part Sal Ar- 
moniacl^ two of common Salt, and four of Potters 
Earth, or Bricks powder'd, the whole moiften'd 
with a fufficient Quantity of Urine 5 which Com- 
poiltion is call'd Royal Cement* 

Cftlllttt, commonly pronounced Smmon , a 
Compound made of Pitch, Brick-Dutt, Plaifter of 
Paris , ©V. us'd by Chacers, Repairers , and 
other Artificers, to put under their Work, that it 
may lie folid and firm, for the better receiving 
of the Impreffion made by the Punches and other 

To Cement, to fodder, to join, or faRen to 
gether j to fill with Cement, or Simmon. 

Cementation* a Cementing/ or clofe joining 
with Cement: InChymiftry, the purifying of Gold 
made up into thin Plates with Layers, or Beds of 
Royal Cement. 

CcneljCUW, (Gr.) a fort of fpreading Inflam- 
mation that takes Name from its Figure refeoa- 
bling the Seed of Millet, or Hirfe, being the fame 
with Herpes MM arts : In Englifo it is commonly 
call r d the Shingles, or Wild-fire. 

CCttCjjrfo a green venomous Serpent, fopam'd 
becaufe it is tmrk'd with fmall white Spots on the 
Belly 5 the various co!our'd Afp. Alio a kind of 
fpeckled Hawk, the Keftrel, or Stannel, the 

Ccttcl^ltfeji a precious Stone all fpeckled, as 
it were with Millet-Seed. 

CencljCOJJj Millet, or Hirfe, a kind of fmall 

CcnUUlie, (in old Latin Records) Shendles, or 
Shingles, fmall Pieces of Wood to cover the Roof 
of a Houfe infiead of Tilf& «, t 

Ccncattgia, (G>%) an emptying of the Veflels, 
by opening a Vein 5 a letting Blood, 

CCHeUsc, (in antient latin Writers) Acorns $ 
and Pejjhna CtnelUrum % the Pannage of Hogs , or 
running of Swine to feed on Acorns. 

Cenofisf, (Gr.) an emptying, or voiding. In 
a Medicinal $enfe, a difcharging of Humours out 
of the'whole Body, or fome pact of it. 

CetlOtaplHUW, an empty Tomb fet up in Ho- 
nour of the Dead, efpecially when the Body is 
bury'd in another Country. 

Ceilfaaa, (in old Latfr ;R*cords) a Farm, or 
Houfe, lett ad Cenfum, i. e. at a ftanding Rent. 

CenftlWt, (in Doomfday-Book) fuch Perfons as 
might be Affeffed, or Taxed. 

To Ccnfe, to Perfume with Incenfe. 
€$n(e*{g>onep. See Qenfun . 
Center, a Veffel in which the Jewifi- Priefts 
u>'d to burn Incenfe at any Sacrifice, or Religious 
Rites 5 a Perfuming-pan. 
Center See&nftre. 

fittlfoh (among the Romans) a- Magiftratie, 
whofe Omce it was to take an exaft View of the 
People of Rome y to Cefs and Value the Eftate of 
every Citizen, and to reform Manners. 

Cntfbtfmta, apt to cenfure, find Farult with, 
or reprove ; critical, nice. 

Centura!, belonging tQ Valuations, or Afleff- 
nienrs ; as A Cenfural Bool^ of R*//, u e. a Regis- 
ter of Taxations. 

CCHfure 5 Reproof, Correction , Reflection; 
Criticifiji, Judgment. Alfo a Cuilom in feverat 
Manors in Cornwal and Dexonjbire , where all the 
Inhabitants, above the Age of fixteen Years, were 
fummon'd to fwear Fealty ro the Lord, to pay 
eleven ffcfce^r Poll, and one Penny per An. evet, 
after, as Cenje-lAoney, or common Fine $ and the 
Perfons thus fworn were call'd Cenfers. 

ffiCCUCatttcal €tVltUttt> Punifhments inftiSed 
on Offenders according to the Church Laws. 

To Cenfttre, to criticize, or judge, io find 
Fault with ; to reprove, or check. 

€ttltmty (Or.) half a Man and half a Horfe, or 
half a Woman and haHVMarej a fabulous Mon- 
ger feign'd by the Poets, who have generally ap- 
ply'd that Shape to the firft Inventors of Riding, 
or the Art of Horfemanfhip. Alfo the Name of a 
Southern Conftellation confiding of forty Stars. 

Centaury or CctttOCV, an Herb of wonderful 
Virtue againil many Difeales, efpecially for thofe 
of the Spleen and Liver. 

Centenar, or Cental a foreign Weight of ioo f 
112, 125, 128, 132, and 140 Pounds. 

Centenary* belonging to the Number one hun- 

Center, the middle Point of any thing, efpe- 
cially of a Circle, or Sphere 3 from whence all 
Lines drawn to the Circumference are equal. Io 
Mafonry, a Wooden Mould to turn an Arch. 

Center Of tlje 3150&P> is taken by fome Writers 
in Phyjick, for the Heart > from which, as it were 
a middle Point, the Blood continually circulate* 
round all the other Parts. 

Center af $g)agmtu&c of a JBoap, (in Geom.) a 

Point which is as equally diftant as pofiible from 
its Extremities, or Ends, 

Center of potion of aSBoBp, (in T&chamcks) 

a Point about which a Body being faflen'd, or any 
ways Join'd to it, may, or does move $ as the mid- 
dle of a Ballance hanged up, &V. 

Center Of ft SDial, is that Point where the 
Axis of the World iirterfefls, or cuts the Plane 
of the Dial, and from whence in thofe Dials that 
have Centers, all the Hour-Lines are drawn $ for 
if the Dial-Plane be parallel to the Axis of the? 
World, it can have no Center at all, i*?d all the 
Hour-Lines will be parallel to the Style. 

Center of rije Equant, (in Aftronjis a Point in 

the Line of the Aphelion, exactly diftant fo far 
from the Center of the Eccentrick towards the 
Aphelion, as the Sun is from the Center of the Ec- 
centrick towards the Perihelion. 

Center of an ©Hipfe, or flDtoal, (in Geom.) a 

Point in that Figure where the two Diameters, 
call'd the Tranfverfe and the Conjugate, interfeft 
mutually one another. 

Center Of an $)>perb0la ? a Point in the middle 
of the Tranfverfe Axis, which is without the Fi- 
gure, and common to the oppofite Section. 

Center Of <0jatrit? ? ( in Mechan. ) a Point on 
which a 'Body being lupported, or hung up from 
it, all its Parts will be in an equal Ballance one to> 

Center* (common) of the Gravity of ' tvo Bodies > 
is a Point in a Right-Line joining their Centers 
together, and fo plac'd in that Line, that their 
Diftances from it fhall be reciprocally, as the 
Weight of thofe Bodies: And if another Body be 
fet in the fame Right-Line, fo that its Diftance 
from any Point in it be reciprocally, as the 
Weight of both the former Bodies taken together ; 
that Point /hall be the common Center of Gravity 
of all three, &V . 

Center of $eafcp JBoore^ (in our Gioiiy U the 

fame as the Center of the Earth, towards which 
all fuch Bodies naturally endeavour to defcend. 


Digitized by 


C E 

C E 

Crofitt Of flDftaiattom See Ofcillation. 

Center of a regular Polygon or regttlarJBoDp, 

is the fame wkh the Center of a Circle, or Sphere, 
drawn within fuch a Body, fo as to touch all its 

To Center, to meet, as it were, in a Point $ to 
terminate, or end in. 

CetfterifiQ)* a kind of Sea- fiifr. 

Centefm, (in Ar'tsbm.) the hundredth Part of; 
an integer, or whole Number 5 a Tron common- ' 
ly made ufe of in the Decimal Divifions of De- 
grees/ Feet,' &c 

Ceittmel^ See Sentinel. 

Ceuttuoa^ an Herb, having as it were a hun- 
dred Knots, Knot-Grafs. 

CtfttO, (Lot.) a patched Garment made up of 
divers Shreds 5 a Poem compos *d of feveral Pieces 

JickVl up and down from the Work a of ibme other 

CCUtORarft, (among the Romans) Cnch Officers 
as provided Tents, and other Warlike Furniture, 
called Centones : Or elfe thole whofe Bufinefs it 
was to quench the Fires that the Enemies En- 
gines kindled in the Camp. 

CetltO})>« See Centaury. 

Central, belonging to, or feared in the Center 
or middle 5 as Central Ere, i.e. that Fire which 
Chymifts believer to be in the Center of the Earth, 
the Fumes and Vapours of which make the Me- 
tals and Minerals ; ferving alfo to ripen and bring 
them to Perfection. 

Central (Ecliple* See Ecliffe. 

Central ftale, a Rule invented and eftablifti'd 
by Mr. Tho. Baker, to find the Cenrer of a Circle 
defign'd to cut the Parabola in as many Points as 
an Equation to be conftrufted has real Roots. 

Centrifugal jfojce, (in Philof.) is that Force by 
which all Natural Bodies that move round any 
other Body in a Circle, or an Oval, do endeavour 
to fly off&om the Axi^of their Motion in a Tan- 
gent, to a Circumference of it. 

Centrma* the prickly Hound-fifh, a kind of 

Centripetal ifajCe, ( in Pbilof.) is that Force by 
which any Body moving round another is drawn 
down, or tends towards the Center of its Orbit 5 
and it is much the fame with Gravity. See Vis 

Centrobarptal* that relates to the Center of 

Centtp, a Word contracted from Sanctuary, 
a Place of Refuge for Malefactors. Alfo a Senti- 
nel, or private Soldier. In Arcbitefture, a Mould 
fox an Arch. 

CentUOltUti, (Lot.) the Court of a hundred 
Judges, certain Roman Magiftrates , antiently 
cholen out of the 35 Tribes, three out of each, 
to decide Differences among the People. They 
were at firfl 105 in Number, which was afterwards 
encreas'd to 180, and yet always kept the fame 

CetttUnCalU0 > a patch'd Coverlet, or Quilt for 
a Bed. Alfo the Herb Cud-weed, or Chaff-weed, 
Periwinkle, Cottonwood. 

CentHple* a hundred fold. 

Centtttiata Comma, thofe ancient Comitia, or 
Aflemblies of the People of. Rome, by Centuries, 
where every one gave his Vote in his proper 

CetttltriatO?0; four eminent Proteftant Divines 
of hdagdeburgb in Germany 5 fo cali'd, becaufe they 
compil'd and divided the Univerfal Church-Hii- 
tory by Centuries of Years. 

Ctfttltrton, a Captain, or Military Officer 
among' the Rpmatts, who commanded a hundred 

Cetttttrp, a part of a thing divided, or ranked 
by Hundreds, particularly the Space of a Hun 
dred Years. 

Cettttlfifc, (bat.J a RomaH Coin containing 
ioq. AJJhs, and equal in Valine to is. 3 d. Stea- 

CeW, or Cepe* (tat.) the Onion, a well knowri 

Cepea, a kind of Herb, as fome fay, Sea-pur- 
flanc 5 according to others Brook-lime. 1 

Cepbalalgta, (Or.) any Pain in the Head ; but 
it is more especially taken for a new Head-ach \ 
or one that proceeds from Intemperance, or an ill 
Difoofition of the Parts. 

Cep&afartfc&0, Medicines that purge the H*ad. 

Cep^ale, the Head, one of the principal Parts 
of the Body. 

Cepfralea, an obftinate Head-ach, a laftingPaitt 
that feizes qn the whole Head. 

CepftaftCa, (in Anat.) the Cephalick Vein* 
the outermolt Vein which creeps along the Arm, 
between the Skin and the Mulcles 5 and 'tis di- 
vided into two Branches, being fo called, becaufe 
the Antients us'd to open it in Difeafes of thei 
Head, rather than any other 5 but fince the Know- 
ledge of the Circulation of the Blood, there is nd 
Difference whether one be blooded in the Cefba- 
lica, Mediana % or Baflica. 

Cepbaltclt^ belonging to the Head. 

Ceptjalfcfc iUtte* (in Palmejiry) the Line of the 
Head, or Brain. 

Cepljalfcfc flpeOWnesr, properly thofe that are 
apply'd to Fraftures of the Head, or Scull 5 but 
generally taken for all Medicines peculiar to that 

Cepljaltck tUeitU See Cepbalicd. 

Cepljaltrfc*> Spirituous Medicines us'd inhDif- 

^ep^alon, the Date-tree. 

CepftaloplWrpflgaji, ( in Anat.) the firft Pair 
of Mufcles of the upper Part of the Guile*, which 
proceed from be fide the Head and Neck 5 and are 
beftow'd more largely upon the Coat of the Gul- 

Ceptolotftttptypeum, a Mufde which aiifes 
from that part, where the Head is join'd to the 
firft Vertebra of the Neck, from whence marching 
down, it is fpread about the Pharynx, with a large 
Plexm, or Fold of Fibres, and feems to make its 

C^afopljonta* a Pain, or Heavinefs in the 

CeptyllW, a kind of Fifh, having a great Head, 
or Poll 5 a Pollard. 

CepljetW, a Conftellation in the Northern He- 
misphere, containing feventeen Staw. 

Cept Co)pil0, (Lat. Law-Term ) a Return 
made by the Sheriff, that upon an Exigent, or 
other Procefs, he has taken the Body of the Party 

jCepitntOef, certain precious Stones as clear as 
Cryftal, in which one may fee his Face. 

CeptCC0, a precious Stone of the Agate-kind. 

Ctppfttl?; (Gr.) the Puer, a Bird to light that 
it is carry'd away with every Puff of Wind. 

Cerac|)ate0> an Agate-Stone, of a Wax-Co- 

Cerafjfum* See Wax-fiot. 

Ceratntte0> a precious Storie, of the Colour of 
a Tile. 

Ceraff Z% a Serpent in Africa, which has two 
Horns like a Snail 5 the horned Serpent. 

CerafaO, the Cherry-Tree. 

Cetatatfjatejf, a kind of Agate-Stone, theVeini 
of which refemble the Shape of a Horn. 

Digitized by 


X E 

' f ^ftjtauiatia^. a foftning Compofition rnade 
of Waxand other Ingredients. 

Ctttte a Medicine to be apply d outwardLy, 
ma^orWax/ : Ttirpentin(f > Oil, ,&c. thicker 
tfcan an Cfcntpaeat, and fofter than ; a Plaitter* ;a. 

Cere-cloth. ,.,;',„." , T f 

Cetatta, (Gr.) ah. He™ having but one M^at, 
and a great Root full of Knots, Capers, or Cap- 

CCtati&& a horned Cornet, iometiraes appear- 
ing bearded,, and fometimes with a Tafl,.> or 
Train. . ' . - > J . 

£mt\1tt atpWWg, (in . I^RfO are fophi- 
ftical, fubtil, or intricate Arguments 5 as, JfJ**/ 
ihwbaft not loft thou Jhll haft, thou, hajl not loji Hunts, 
therefore thou haft Horns. \ 

Ce(fttiOlt, (h> Cbymijlry) the making of a Sui>- 
Haficefit to be melted, or diflblved. 

CiKttitt09 Horned, Poppey, an Herb. 

CttatlUttty an : ftusk, or Shale 5 alfo the Fruit 
of t^he Carob-tree/ Alfo a Carat, a kind of Weight, 
'of which there ate eighteen jn a Dram. 

CCWtODCd, (in An&.) the fame with Con*?* 
Tifw**, or the horny fy>at of the Eye'. 
- , CftatOSlO^nt, the proper pair of Mufcles be 
lonojng' to the Tongue,' wnich proceed from the 
Horns of the Bone calTd Hyoides,^ and are joyn'd 
' to tne J Sides of 'trie Tongue. , j 

* C^tWOttiUj^he^Carob-tree, or Bean- tree. , 
, CerattUnt, a R <j/«i>Tsil vet-coin o,f two forts, the 

Single wortli 5 { d.EngUJlj, and the greater 7 ± £ 
/ Crtfttttttt, a Cerate, or.Ce/e-.cloth. ' 
,'; ^Cerattttfad, the Thunder- ffone f 

VjOWttntUm, a kind of Puff, or Mufhroom, fo 
" CaiPa becaufd it grows plentifully after Thunder. 
CetattttOC^&8, a fort of Chymical Powder. 
., . See Chryfoctraunius Pulvh.' 

* CeW&ttpg, a Roughnefsin the T*hroat, which 
is .felt as if there were Berries (licking in "it, and. 
occasions a Jittle dry Cough. 

"* CcrrfO, a fort Ot Indian* Mock-b;rd. . 4 

' Cetrifif, (in ^waf.^ the fecorid Bone of the El- 
bow, otrjerwife called Radius, and both from its 
Shape refemblihfc'a Weaver's Shittle, or the Spokp 
of a Wheel. 

CettOtrfi$eCtt0> the Monkey, or Marmofet. 
- <EfttC6lte> a piece of Flefti that grows out of 
' the Mouth of the' Womb, and looks like a Tail. 
CttWmttJ*, a Se£t of Hereticks, whofe Ring- 
leader was one Or do, A. C. 150. They held that 
there were two contrary Principles in the Caufej 
of every thing, i. e. a good Goa and a bad one. : 
(LtUHy (Lot.) a kind of itching Scab, the fame 
as Achor: Alfo the Horns of the Womb in Brutes, 
in which the Fxtus, or Young, is ufually formed. 
Ctt£*l€0« See Frumehtaceous Plants. 
Cetealfa or Cmatleg iU*f> certain folemn 
Feafts* and Plays among the old Romans, appoint- 
ed in Honour of Ceres the Goddefs of Corn. 

CeritelUtm, (in ^ar.) the lefler Brain, or the 
hinder part of the Brain, confifting as the Brain 
itfclf of an Afh-colourM barky Subftance, and a 
white Marrowy one 5 wherein the Animal Spirits, 
that perform invplontary and meer natural Actions, 
ar^fuppos'd to be bred in a human Body, but not 
%" in' Brute Bcafts. 
r CetCb)ttm t (Lat.) the Bra i n Properly fo cali'd, 
which takes up' trie fore part of the Cavity, or 
Hollow of the Scull, and is divided by the Skins, 
<alPd Minings, into the Right ancl Left Parts : 
Its Subftance is of a fort peculiar to it felf, wrought 
; with many Tucniqgs and Windings, and in it thofe 
Animal' Spirits are thought to breecf, on which 
voluntary Aftiops dp chiefly , depend : It is alfo 
the Seat of Imagination,' Judgment, Memory 
. and Reminifcence, and Sleep is likewife there ma- 

~ i d e 

" Cecebmm 3W!>fe/ a TVrth ^s*tf ** TO»H» y - 

miib for burhrrartk-^ ^ 03 ™* * « rt ^ r * 
CmtettUU an Ointrntrit rnade^HPHor^and 

4ttremonfaI 3 belonging toV^otfrMfirJ^Sf Ce-i 
Tionles' 5 as Tte (Zrkrifi^^Uto 1 ^rftei£ %c 


7 iii alBfiU 

A Ceremonial, a Book dintaWfg tfcefcdt&o- 

nies us'd in the Rjoihan Chtirch: 

CetemortiOU0, full of Cerhnarti^ s ¥i|rnial, 
Complimental.. . - 4^n^ 

CetemOUPj the outward part of ft£rrbj<>n, & 
Sacred Rite, or Ordinance ot the ChuftSi^UUb ' 
Pomp, or State 5 Formality, or former ISotapli- 
ment. // ;; u l u ' 4 J 

Cetetoifia or tfetfcifia, (L^t.) Drink ^Aiasfle <£ 

Corn, or Malt^ Ale, or Beep. " * ' ; u ^ 

. Cereftifla ^eincata, PhyfickTdrink, i« : WKck 

Medicines proper for any Difeafes havp been ftefept 
for fome tinie. , ■- A . - ^"^ 

CtteiW, a Taper, or Wax-light "^aHo xfori of 
Houfe-leek, an.JIerb. , , , ^r' 

Ccna 3 prink made of Corn/Barfey^atjers 
Alfo a kind of crufted Scab on the fiead^the fame 
with Fiivtn and Achor 5 which fee. . . " ''"' '*• 

itttfUUi (in ^the Art of Printing) a ferk fet tin- 
der the Letter j^in French, and Spanift, 8r fticar 
that it is ta be pronoune'd as an f . \ t ^ 
! CetigOtt, a kind of wfld ( Beaft in Am'erify, ha- 
ving a u S^in under the Belly like a Sac^j which 
ferves to carry its young ones , , /till ; th^jr a«c 
able to travel. , ' ^ 

Cetintlie! (^0 an Honey-Suckle thanxas-jhc 
tafte of Honeys and Wax ^ alfo' an Herb whofc 
Elowers .are much covetc^' .bv ( tiees, JFJonej; 
wort! \ i ■ 

Cerftttftiatl^ a ScftoF llerctScks thatK^itiveir 
R!i(e from one CMnthus, A. C v <?7, and held| That 
Chrift at hjs fecond Coming Jhould , entertain his 
People with J all manner of Sefjfual Pleifure^. 

<|2ft0it t (C?Vj an Ulcer; or Botch like* ariHo- 
ney comb, with yellow Mil rf^r in it. ''/";/'*' ^ 
"Cirftro/a precious Stoh^df a'Wax--<2olouK 

CertlUfl^ (I-^.) the Ruff, a^iv^r-fi/h. . .* 

CecOUta^ (C??-:) a mixture of Oil khd Wax^, 
with which Wrcftlers k anciently^ : anbiht^ rhem- 
felves, to make their Linlbs ri?dre Qh\*k? jjjiablc 
and fit for'Exercife. ^- ^ "''.., '* 

CcrofttatttWi a kind of inlaymg wJrti 1 ^!^, 
Ivory, Wood,* c>r. fn ufe among tKe Anti^n<$. 

CerDtumj a Plaifter made moft of ^a^'; a 
Cere-cloth. See CW*. l - :i?;,. 

CetCU^ (^t.) a kind of Tree that bears TVIaft 
like a Chefnut ; the Holm -tree. ; T . " ; 

CtC^jpouep, the Head»penny, T«Wte, or 
Fine paid yearly by the inhabitants and*l%riants 
of feveral Manours to the Lords of thrtn. ; P^ 
certo Leta t i. e. for the certain keeping of the 
Court Leet. Set Common Fine. i/hA 

Cettafltj (Lat.) Aire, undoubted, confideiit, or 
affured ; fixed, or fettled, regular. 

Cettaitttp, full Affurance/Surenefs. • ' 

Cett&fa, {Lot.) the Ox-eye' Creeper; 'a little 
Bird fomewhat lefs than a Wren. '/ 

Certificanao u wcoguitiotie ^»Wfe^ Writ 

directed to the Mayor of die Staple; mf" requi- 
ring him to certify the Qhancellour prawSfamte 
of the Staple taken before him,' t te?t^6en fuch 
and fuch, in cafe where the Party himfelf aAainf 
jt and refutes to bring it in. n . • ^ 

Certificate, a teftimohy; ] mep in Siting of 
the Truth oJF a thing : iT^aLa^if^n^X^"^ 
rnade in o^; to ^^c^ ^<»tlicr 
Court ot the Proceedings therdip. r _ n 

Certification uf aOtje af tilMrt^ifnffltfii, a 

Writ granted for the re-examining , or review of 

a Mat- 

Digitized by 


C E 


a Matter pafc'd by Affite, before any Juftices, and 
in Latin is termed Certificate no** DiJJeifina*. 

To Cetrffp, to afcertain, declare for certain, or 
allure, to acquaint with a Thing. 

CCTtU«ari ? a Writ iffuing out of the Chancery, 
to an inferiour Coart f to call up the Records of a 
Caufc depending there, upon Cppiplaint made by 
Bill, That the Party feeking the faid Writ has re- 
ceived hard Ufage in the faid Court. 

CCTtttUtff, Certainty, Aifurance. 

Certer 9 a fort of French Pear. 

Cttttt? (-£*'•) the Kind, or Deer, a Beaft of 

Crtfeelatf» f Fr.) a large kind of Saufage, weB 
feafon'd, and eaten cold in Slices. 

Certtcflri*, ( La '0 th ^ 1** Throat-wbrt. 

CcrfetCftl, belonging to the Neck, as the Ccrvi- 
c*i, or Vertebral Veffels, a Term us'd by Anatomifts 
for the Arteries and Veins that pafs thro* the Verte- 
bra, or Turning- Joyms and Mufcles of the Neck 
up to (he Scoll. 

CffbiraltB. See Vertebralis. 

Ccfbtt, the hioder Part of the Neck. 

Ccwmnt> the Filth or Wax of the Ear, which 
ferves to hinder Duft, Motes, or any little Crea- 
tures from getting into it. 

Cent!*, (in ancient Deeds) a Mound, Fence, 
or Inclofure. 

Cmtff, White-Lead, or Spmufh White, which 
is made of thin Plates of Black- Lead, hung for 
feme Time over the Steam of boiling-hot Vinegar. 

CttftUtf, (UtJ die Hart or Stag, a wild Beaft. 
Cerent Volant, the horned Beetle, or Stag-fly; an 

To Cfeft, to Aflefs, or Tax. 

The SmailCCeflr^ i. e. ceafes, or negtefts to 
do what he ought ; a Law-Expreflien. 

CeffittfotT, (ut.) a ceafing, or giving over, a 
leaving off. 

Cdmttt, a Writ lying againft one that has 
ncgle&ed to perform fuch Service, or to pay fuch 
Rent as he is bound to by his Tenure, and has 
not fufficient Goods or Chattels to be diftrained. 

Ceflfc or Ccaffe, (lrijh Law-Term) an Exa&ing 
of Vi&uals, or Provifions, at a ceruin Rate for 
the Deputy's Family and the Garrifon-Soldiers. 

C?(Rl£> a Word us'd in fome old Statutes for \ 
Aflfeifments or Taxes. 

Cfflten, a yielding, refigning, or giving up : 
In a Law-fenfe, 'tis when a Clergy-man is made a 
Bifhop, or when a Parfon takes another Benefice 
without Difpenfation, or otherwife not qualify 'd : 
in both which Cafes, their firft Benifices are faid 
To become void by Ceffion. 

CtflfonaCV Bankrupt, one that has refign'd, or 
yielded up his Eltace, to be divided amongft his 

CdT02, a CefTor, or Impofer of Taxes : In a 
Law-Sente, one that ceafes, or negle&s fo long to 
perform a Duty, that by his Cefs, or Ceafing, he is 
become liable to a Su't, aad may have the Writ 
CeJfavU brought againft him. 

CefTure or Cetftr, (Law-Term) a given over, 
or a giving of Place. 

CCffrOH, (Gr.) the Herb Betony. 

CtttrorptrtUXmt* a kind of Sling, or warlike 
Engine, anciently made ufe of to caft Darts. 

CcftUB, a =ftiarriage-Girdle, that in old Times, 
a Bride us'd to wear, and which was loofed by the 
Bride- groom the firft Night. 

*£ftllt<tUiffl!lh (Fr. in Common-Law) a Per- 
fon that has a Truft in Lands, or Tenements, com- 
mitted to him for the Benefit of another. 

Ceffuf qui %te, one for whofe Life any Land, or 
Tenement is granted. 

Ctfitf Qtti lift i he to whofe Ufe another Mao U 
irifeoffed ia 9 or admitted to the Poffeifioa of any 
Lands, or Tenements. 

€mmUBy (Lot.) belonging to a Whale, that 
is of the Whale kind. 

€$ttft*t |, an Herb fome what like Fern, or Milt- 
wort, running up Walls and Rocks, very good for 
the Spleen. 

CetOUim JDUFi (Lot.) the Whale's Guide, 1 
forr of Fifli. 

Ctttitf* (Lot.) the Whale, or any other mon- 
ftrous Sea-Fifli : Alfo a Soothern ConfteHation con- 
fitting of 13 Stars. 

Cepr, a fort of Bird, a King-Fiflier. 

Cfo the £*af of a Tree in China, which being 
ftecpd in Water, ferves for the ordinary Drink of 
the Inhabitants. 

CtWtt* * Station for wild Beafts of the Foreft, 
from which it difiers only, that it may be in the 
PofTeflton of a Subject, which a Foreft cannot, and 
from a Park, for that it is of a larger Compafs ; 
having a greater Variety of Game, and moic 
Ovecfeers, or Keepers. 

At Tenoi$-Play, Ctpc$ is a fall of the Ball in 
a certain Part of the Court, beyond which the 
oppofite Party muft ftrike the Ball next Time, to 
gain the Stroke : In Gunner?, the whole Bote, or 
Length of a Piece of Ordinance, on the In fide - y 
alfo the Gutter of a Crofs-Bow. 

In Sea-Language, it ignifies a Pnrfuit ; as MM 
fftt* a $$p tfc CjWTi /. e. to follow an* fotth 
her up, to come up with her, alfo the. Ship it fclf 
fo ohaced. A Ship is likewife faid To haves good 
timet, when flie is fo built forwards on, ora-Actti, 
as to carry many Guns, to fhoot right forward, or 
backward. To lye with a Ship's* Jm Cbace, 
is to »SaM the neareft Courfe to meet hn t and tg 
fcrofs her tin her Way. W 

€teWGUtm or <S3MW#feC«, are thofc Guns 
that lie either in the Head of the Ship, and (hen 
they ace us'd in the Chacing of others, or elfe in 
the Stern, which are only ufeful when (he is chae'd 
or purfu'd by another Ship, &c. 

C^ICtffl>tt* or 0$ac$$it§, a kind of Breeches 
in Life among the Turly, that reach from the Wat* 
to the Heel. 

Ctpcora* or CiPCUft, (Fr. in Mufick) a kind of 
Saraband-Dance, whofe Mealure is always triple 

Cfyftfe} a fort of Fifh. 

C(^rep^niim, (Gr.) the Herb Chervil, of fweet 
Cicely, good againft the Stone, alio to provoke 
Urine, .and the Couries. 

To Ctjaft, (JFr.) to heat, or warm, -to rub irwti 
one's Hand $ to grow hot, or a^gry, to fly into a 
Paflion, to fret or fume. Among Sea- men, a Rope 
is faid To Chafe, when it galls or frets by rubbing 
againft any rough and hard Thing : Thus they fay, 
The Cable is chafed in the Hawfe, when it is fretted, 
or begins to wear out there. 

tf$8fNHta* 9 an Officer in Chancery, that pre- 
pares the Wax for the Sealing of Writ*, an4 luch 
other Inftruments as are to be fent out. 

Ctefer, a fort of Beetle, an Infedt. 

CwCn^ a Forge in an Iron-Mill, where the 
Iron is wrought into compleat Bart, and brought 
to Perfection. 

CijftfF) the Refufe, of Duft in winnowing 

CfaffiUBKafc, a kind of Herb. 

Cfwfftrg, (old Law- Word) Wares, of Merchan- 

To Cteffer, to buy and (ell, to trade, OMraf* 

CtWffflffl* a Veffel to heat Water in. 

Digitized by 


C H 

G H 

CtefftllC^ * Bird fo call'd, bccaufe it delights in I 
Chaff- and by fome much admir'd for its Stfng, 

Ctojrttl. See Shagreen. 

Ct)«tl1, a long Piece of Iron, confuting of le- 
veral Rings, or Links one within another, fuch as 
ferve for the barring up of Doors, Bridges, Ri 
vers, Harbours, &c. Alfo the Irons put about the 
Legs and Arms of Malefa&ors and Gailey-Slaves : 
Alfo an Inftrumenc confifting of Links of good 
hard Wire, and generally us'd in Surveying, to 
meafure Land with : In Fortification, certain Wire- 
Links of an equal Length, contrivM for fetting out 
Works on the Ground. Chains are alfo figuratively 
us'd for Bonds, Bondage, or Slavery. 

In Sea-AfFairs, C&ailW, are ftrong Iron-Plates 
bolted imo the Ship's Sides by the Timbers call d 
Chain-Wales, to which the Shrowds of the Mafts 
are faften'd. 

Cijaitt^umpf j * * f° rc °f Ship-Pumps fo nam d 
from their Chain of Burrs, or Spunges going in 
a Wheel : Thefe Pumps deliver moft Water 
with the greateft Eafe, and are the fooneft mended. 

Cfjaill'j&lJOt, two Bullets, or rather half Bui- 
lets* with a Chain between them, commonly 
us'd in a clofe Fight at Sea, to flioot down Yards, 
or Mafts, to cut the Shrowds, or other Rig- 
sin <r. 

C£attV3[21IalC0, broad Timbers jutting out of a 
Ship's Sides, which ferve to fpread out the Shrowds, 
that they may the better hold up the Mafts ; being 
fo calf d bccaufe the Shrowds are made faft to them 
by Chains. 

Cijaif, a Seat to fit in, a Sedan] To fa in the 
Chair of a Bifhop, is to fucceed him in his See j fo 
the Pope is faid To fa in St. Peter'* Chair. 

4E$afr<ttt8R, the President, or Head of a Com- 
jpittee, Society, or Club ; alfo one that carries 
Teopte in a Chair, or Sedan ; alfo one that mends 
Mattel Chairs about the Streets. 

C&ataftfcte or CiplafKck ftotctiie*, (6n) 

fuch Medicines as are of a loofening,' or foftening 

Cljglaja, the Meteor call'd Hail ; alfo a kind of 
fmall transparent Swellings, fpread about the Skin 
like Hail : Alfo the Treadle of an Egg, that in 
Shape and Colour refembles a Hail-ftone; alfo a 
Difeafc that happens to Swine. 

Cbalajiae, a kind of Stone like Hail, faid to be 
fo cold, that no Fire can heat it. 

CljalajtOtt, a Stithe, a fmall Pimple, or Wan 
on the Eye-lid. 

C&ftlbOt or C^abOt, (in Heraldry) a Fifli having 
a great Head, commonly call'd a Bull-head, or Mil- 

C&atcam&um, (Gr.) Vitriol, or Copperas, Shoo- 
makers-Black, the Water of Copper, or Bra6. 

CJjalcanttium rubefamim, (among Chymifts) 

is only Vitriol calcin'd 'till it takes a red Coleur. 

C^UCCD0t1 9 a City of Bithynia in the Lefler 
Afia, now call'd Scutari, where the fourth Gene- 
ral Council was held againft the Neftorian Herefy. 
A.C. 459. 

CtjfllCCDOlW, a kind of Agate of a Colour between 
Yellow and Blew, proper for Engraving ; alfo a 
fort of Onyx ftone, fo call'd from the City of Cbal- 
cedom Among Jewellers, it is alfo taken for a De- 
feat, or Flaw in precious Stones, when in turning 
to the Light, they find white Spots in them. 

CfjalCtS, a Newt, or Evet, a venomous Serpent, 
fo calfd from the brafs-colour'd Streaks on its Back : 
Alfo a certain Fifh of the Turbot-kind j alfo a 
Nighc-hawk, an Enemy to the Eagle. 

CfjalriteS, a precious Stone of the Colour of 

C^altrttfc Brafs-Ore, the Stone out of which 
Brafs is tried $ alfo red Vitriol. 

CjjalcegrartUi, an Engravkr upon Brafs, or . 


cljalcoltbanum, a fort of ^^^ TrtTr .3T* 

C&alCOpljunOB, a black Stone ihatlbtkHas JUttr , r 
Brais. * . ,~ 

CWlCMmaragDU*, the Baftaril EiqcVak!. rrr ;> 

Claims, the thirty fixth Part of a Dram, a- \ 
mong the Athenians : Alfo a Coin qi feven Mitet£ 
or a Holland-Penny in Value. „ * l 

C|)alD*a, a Country of the leffer Afia % the "Pea- 
pie of which have been ever famous for Aitrology ' 
and Magick. 

C|alBasat10; the Inhabitants of Chaldea, com- \ 
monly taken for Sooth-fayers, Fortune-tellers, or 
Gy plies. 

Cjjal&ettt or C^alDZOn, a Meafure of Coals, &c. 
containing 4 Quarters, or 36 BuftieJs, beap'd up, 
according to the Seai'd Bufhel kept at Guild-HaR 9 
London. Alfo Part of the Entrails of a Calf, com- 
monly call'd a Calves Chaldron. 

CtyaltCC, (Lat.) a Communion-Cup, us'd at the; 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. l 

Challenge, a Summons to fight a Duel, a Defi- 
ance; a Pretenfion, or Claim. In Common-Law, 
an Exception againft Perfons, or Things ; as a 
Prifoner at the Bar may except againft the partial 
Impannelling of a Jury, or againft the Infufficiency 
of the Jurors. {> 

To CfeaQttlge, to make a Challenge, or Defi- 
ance 1 to except againft, to accufe, to claim. A- 
mong Hunters, when Hounds, or Beagles, at firft 
finding the Scent of their Game, presently open, or 
cry, they are faid To Challenge. 

CipflftigiD C0Cfe4igt>t> is generally to meet 
with ten Staves of Cocks, and to make out of them 
twenty one Battels, more or lefs, the odd Battel to 
have Mattery. 

ChalOlip, See Shallop. 

CpatPbcatC, (Gr.) that is of the Temper, or 
Quality of Steel, belonging to Steel ; as Chalybeate 
Water, i. e. Water in which a hot Icon, or Steel 
has been quench'd. 

C|»lpbcaCe CtPftal* of Tartar. See Cream of 

C|alpbeat« or C^alpbratC S^efctCtntfi, are Me- 
dicines prepar'd with Sicel, or Iron, or in which 
Steel is the principal Ingredienr. 

CjjalPtaf, a kind of moft hard and fine Iron, 
fo call'd from the Chalybes, a People of Pontus in 
the lefler Afia, whofe Country affords great ftore 
of that Metal. ■♦., " 

Ctfam orC^an, the Title of the Monarch, ibr 
Sovereign Prince among the Tartars, which as* 
fwers to the King, or Emperour with us: Foyfte. 
is ufually ftyl'd The Great Cham, or Chan of Tar- j 

CljamaDT, (Fr. in the Art of War) a Signal; 
made by the Enemy, by Beat of Drum, or Sound. 
of Trumpet, when they have any Matter to pro- 
pofe, which is otberwife call'd a Parley $ as The T . 
Bejieved beat the Chamade and Capitulated. 

Ctjamar, (Gr.) Cockles, or Shell- Fifli, of whipfa 
there are leveral forts. 

CbatnxattC, a kind of low Eldemree 5 alfo the 
Herb Wall- wort, or Dane- wort. #^ 

Cbfttlttbalamt*, Peafe, or Earth-nut. 

CfWmxtJatOfi, a low Bufh, the Heath-bramble, 
the Fruit of which are Dew-berries. 

QMtnxttibiV*, Female Southern-wood 5 an Herb.' 

CfeamxCCrafu*, a dwarf Cherry-tr«e. / 

C^amxCiftUS, the Herb Ground- Ivy, or as 
fome fay, Hares-foot, or as others, Periwinkle. . 

CtjamatrppariffUg, dwarf Cyprefs-we, or Heatl- 
cyprels, or^he HerbLavendcr-c^ton., , m /. 

€|>am«liapl)nc, a fort of Lawrel, pr Jto^ry 5 
alfo the Herb Periwinkle. 

Digitized by 


> ■> ■ G H .. 

tyzmzfyflj, tb} Iflferb Germander, or £»g/*/& 
Treacle. "" 

Cljamxl2ea > Sp urge-Olive, a kind of Shrub 
with fko4pr T 4 wigs about a Cubit long, and 
LeavelJ^fe the, OfiVe-ttee, but leflfer : Alfo an 
Herb caft'd Five Snger'd Grafs. 

CtWfttxleiHU *^ c Cameleon, a little Beaft like 
a Li*3rd> tiiat lives by the Air for the tnoft part, 
or VticK&e. Alfo a fort of Thiftle which chan- 
ges Colour with the Earth it grows in, like the 
LivihV Creature of the fame Name. See Came- 

Cj)ttTBael£ttt£j the Herb Colts-foot, or Afles- 
fbot/Vro#ing in Corn-fields, and elfewhere. 

4t^d|tt2e r ljrtel0tT> ('• '• Ground-apple) the Herb 
Camomile' which is of a loofening and foftniftg 
Quality, ca&s Pain, provokes Urine, e>r. 

Cb^tTlccmpt8nC > tM Rufh. of which Brufhes 
are made, Butchers- Broom, Holly, Holm, wild 

C^cDftxpeaCC) an Herb good againft the Pain 
in mc'Bacfe 

CtJ&TtfxpttT^ the Herb Ground-pine, which 
ftrenethens the Sinews, provokes Urine and the 
CourfesV fifr. Alfo Field-cyptefs to be fet in Pots, 
Or the Herb Sr.-5M»V Wort. 

CbantTplatanu?, the dwarf Plane-tree, < 
Warer-aider. ■: • " 

Ctj ^OU eTOpg > an Herb which drunk in Wine 
is good to cure the Pain in the Sides, or Reins, 
ana Riqmires $ Gerrrtander. 

<C^aittefpCe 2 a dtoif Fig-tree. 

C^artxtraC^ea, a^kind of Sea-crab, a Fifh. 

CftauUx^ton, an Herb, with the Leaves of 
wlSdi Bed- ticks, e^.were ftufrd ^ fome take it 
finr^Cmque-fbil. j 

C^am5er, an Aparttnent, or Rborti in a Houfc. 
In* G*n?nry> part of a Piece of Ordiri ance, as far 
asthre P6wder and Shot reach wheft ft is l6aded : 
Alfo a Charge made of Brafs, or Iron, to be put 
in ar'tfte ^reech of a Sling, or Murdering- piece. 

C&amfet of a ©ftie. See Mine: 

To C^a^tt fret a ©tUt/ is to make a Chamber in 

CWtlflWr* 0f $&£■%&*£, the Port*, or Havens 
tf»&M<#Ki x fotaird/in- ancient Records. 
"*fc$amfcmr 5 a r^WWd in fome old Statutes 
for a Chamber-maid. 

'flffyattlftCgftf?, ( *Scripmre-woixl) Debauchery, 
Rtottwfifefs, Luxury. J 

M gto w te t P efcing 6r : Cframnbtftafcfag, (7. <J. 

Chafritier-deacons) certain Irijb Beggafrs, who 
being doath'd in the Habit of poor Scholars 
in *he Univerfity of £*^rr</, often committed Rdb- 
be*tas<and Murders in the Night, and were ba- 
ttHH«d fcy Stat. \ Nek: 5/ ' : " ' 

: CiamberWn/rte Name of iev*ral Office^ 
mentioned in Our Chronicles, Laws and Statutes 5 
as,; : ' ' l • : '•» ■- 1. .v j c .^ 

Th^jtoju^^actf^amberlainof ©n«Iamr 5 an 

high Officer, to whom belongs the Government 
of the whole Pirlace 6f Hbftminfltrz <as alfo the 
Gare^ofc providing; alU Thkig* in the Houfe of 
Lords in the time of Parliament, with Livery and' 
Lodging in th^ ( Kmfe ? #3Court. >■ < &~- 

*jf»Clwmbert«ir#f tleHtetf* ^ottfe&oto, 

wkofefcOfficeis to ItfcteW the King-* Chamber* 
*tid -Wardrobe, aikLtd' govern ~tWr Under-Ofli- 
cers thereto belonging : He has alfo the Over- 
flgfit >ofrthe Serj^aW 1 ** Alms; CSaplam*, Phy- 
ficNrns^ 8w«|M»i^ Apottarca+ie^frc/ 

C H 


II II M< ll U 

Poblick Treafury laid up in that Place, whkb k 
call'd The Chamber of London. The like Officer 
is at Qhefler y who is ilhpower'd to ueceive and re- 
turn all Writs brought thither out of any of the 
King's or Queen's Courts, when there i« tio ftince 
of Vales, and Earl of Cbefter. 

Cljamberfaria or Cfcambetianseria, (in oM 

Latin Records) Chamberlain/hip, or the Office of 

Ctyimbjanle, (Jr.) an Ornament in Mafonry 
and Joiners -work, which borders the three Side* 
of Doors, Windows, and Chimneys. It is dif- 
ferent according to the 'fevcral Orders of Archi- 
tecture; and is made up of three Parts, aw*, the* 
Top call'd the Traverfe y and the two Sides the 

CtwmdOt or €i»mhUt y akin^of water'dStfitf 
mixed with Camels- hair. - * - : 

Clmmfet or C|amfret> (in ArMteB.) a fmall 
Gutter, or Furrow upon a Hllaf, 8?c. 

To C^atHfet > to channel, or make hollow af- 
ter fuch a Manner : Atoong^Herbalifts, the Stalk* 
of certain Plants are alfo . faid To &? Chamfer % J % 
whe^n they have Impreffions upon them like.fuc^ 
Furrows. * 

Cftamofe. SeefraMoy. 
To Cljampj to chew 5 as a IJorfe that champ** 
the Bit. *** 

C^ampafit or Ctyftmptglte, (Fr.) a large Pkin, 
opert Downs, or Fields, without any lncloftre, 
Woods, or Hedges; : 

A Pofot C^antpktti (Hi H&a/aVy) an Abate- 
ment, or Mark of j Dishonour irt/the Coat of o^ie 
that inhumanly kflls^a; PrifonePof i War / itt'^^ 
Field, after he has cry'd Quaitefi f Ij . :* ^ 
C^ampattp or C^ampert^ (in eofrnnen^iw^ 
tl^e Mainuina^ce of a Perfon in |i Skit depen^ipg,* 
upon Condition to -h^vc part qf t)ie Lat*ii> -^oc. 
Goods, when thc^y are l recovered. : ' . ': . 
C^ampettOjS, thdfe that tSoV,e r Law-fuitt at 
their proper Cotts 1 , ; to have part of the Things 
fued for, or part of the Gain. J j 

Ctymtpian or Cfcmpori^ °P* t1 * P Iain > evc ^ : 

not inclofed 5 a$^ cbampfan {jiimtry. » 

C|«mptan4^Mi a fort of Rofe^ of a i^d^ 
or white Colour. * ^ T •> * 

C^amptOlt^ ■(15?) one thatiight*^D«el fora- 
ribther, as it wejre- in Camp-fight^ In a Ldw-fc^fri' 
itfignifies as wcl^F btie*that tries thet Combat in, 
his own Cafe, as \onfc that engaged in anothelf't; 
Quarrel,, or PJace. - , 

Cftampwirkof t^aiiiff, one whofeOfflcJis 

to ride armed -it* the -King'tf Coronation-day iff 
to ) Weftwinjter-haJP, atid* by a HeraM to challenge/ 
any that lhall deny His Majefty*s Title to, j^he J 
iCrown ; wherAWm the Kihg 'BkhpMtlo hitn atid 
fends him a gilded Cup \yith a Cover fu^of i 
Wine, which hehas fbr hri'Fee; ^^]his Office 1 * c- 
ver -fince the Coronation of Ring RkharJ II. has'i 
continued in 

C&a mbetlates of t&e ^jrctieqaer^ two Officers 

that wA to have^^Controtment'AP tlie» Pells, of 
Receipts and Payment*: aftdkepe eetcafal Keys of 
th^^lWffurv and Record* / ;'. r 

V €bffl*tUin Of JUlttin, the Keeper of the 

the family of the Dymockf, jjpho( J 
hold the Mrtff^bf-Ub^ 
the fame Tenure^ 1 -• j ^ : - --*- ' - : y 5 

Chance, m^»Wtt*fi^ v -' r '^ 

CliattCe^mertitp, ^Law-tefm-J' the 1 accidental - 
fcUling of a Man, not altogether. without the KiKi T 
jletVFatilt, AtTwH^4in^lii^^ 
<alPd Man/!^ePl^ } Mfad^t^ % \&t wKch tfie- 
OftAder ffialP T^viTis M&to'M Cottrfe, : 1n 
Ufd he was doi^a^^UAaj'iilitJf Ae'Acl^ 
^et^ unlawful ItTsfdony. { ; • ^ 

CbanCel, (/^.V ptoperly ail etidofed, or fet*-' T 
rated Place ftiirobfcded with Bats, to defend Judges ! 
and other Officers, from the Pr£% . or Crowd pf 
the People. ^ > ' f' »' '' . 

Chancel oNCWttt, thai part which isiidtt' 
Q. the 

Digitized by 


C H 

C H 

the Altar* or Communion-table, ufuaUy encooa- 
flafs'd witn Ballifters, or Rails. 

CbanC&ttO), an Officer of great Dignity and 
Power $ a« 

Tl>e 3Uj» IMfift Cfjaticello j of <Englan9i the 

thief Perfon next to the Sovereign for Matter of 
Jufticc in Civil Affair*, having abfolute Power to 
moderate and temper the written Law according 
to Equity : He is made by the Kings or Queen s 
delivering pf the Great Seal to him, and by his 
taking an Oath. 

ClWttCellM Of t&e ©flatlet, an high Officer 
appointed tp qualify Extremities, and order Mat- 
te** in that Court ; he Ijas alfo Power, with others, 
to cooipoqnd for Forfeitures upon Penal Statutes, 
Bonds and Recognizances acknowledged to the 

Cbanceno* of tty JDntcty of Hanwffer, the 

chief Officer in that Court, appointed to Jjadge 
and Determine all Coritjroverues between %e 
Qjieea **d the Tenants of the, Dutchy-land, and 
tyheswife to dire& all the Qjieen's Affairs belong- 

Tjierei* alfo the CfcatttdlOJ of the Order of 
the Garter, a Chancellor of the Univerfities, a 
Chancellor of the firft Fruits, a Chancellor of 
Courts, a Chancellor of the Diocefs, 6v . 

vfcbancccp or C^ancer^cburt, the Court of E- 

tyjity, and Q>*fcienccj which moderates the Se- 
\?jy$Y of ptpfi* ^? ur ^ s » thitare more ftri&ly ty'd 
to Ihe KiBour of the Law : The Officers belong- 
ing tft f^is;.Gpurt are ttrcLJord Chancellor of 
E»gld*4 % ,yt\ip is t^e chief Jftigge, orelfe thel-ord 
&»P5* •<¥ ,5^©r Great 3pal .$., twelve Matters of 
Chancery, of wh^m. tbq TOct of the Rolls is 
^P; £ t^ae^of ^fi*^, thy fix Clerks, 

ler $ alio a Candiefti^f : an Joxtipcation^ Cbande-< 
lifrs ^c^wpptfen, .Ewnqsy coning of two upright 
$taiff^x^^)^fi>V which,f H ppoxt federal Planks 
laid acrols one andtjier > OF Jjavinsi fill'd with 
^HcAr.ThgfCfrtK g^wA\y,/fnado UMP of in Ap- 
proaches, Mines ^ and Galleries, to • cover the 
\y^k r nwi v *w^ h^f^ the^^fiegfd from forcing 
them to quit their Labour/ 

^nWtar,, » r§^er of ne^rfary Wares * as C*n- 
dl£s» Soap* Butter,. ; Oheefe; X &c. , . v 

li^bVWy* *P Apartment 43 a Pence's, or No 
tjfe : inao's Ho^l^ ::; w)iere ; th^ pyidlea, &v, ^ K 
kept ,; as The Yoemdh of the Ckandty. t . . 

.;C5fW«4 .^t^io*. .J^iW^'A- 
nWftwVfcrftrtt^^ncB.f Sfag.met ,J>?.Chance r 
i^r-fake^ fq& t.tet-prfaich was^flodg'd and purft'd 
lo^tkne:Wp^; ;v ; .; -;: ,,, ,? 
. h* WWW^ifS* *P 0va^e ft t ^4fer 5 unchain* 
i^onfta,n;, fic^le^ ,:' • ^ }, ; / 

v^M^WW* fe'.$j^-Jp«rf4iior put in th? 
fi^fle jqTaWH^c * ,affq a F4*4 §ot, 01; filly ftl- 

v/W^ff^H 1 0^rA^*%j^W»lM«nt, wbofe 
Fufinefs is to exchange Coin tor B^lioiij brought 
in by Merchants, or others. v , . 7o . . r .; - 
C^attgeC or ^^P'^fc^MjCfr Banter, c^ie 

tTHft:*?** iftl^Hf ifffiript i^AfW¥«at of %>- 

. vwm^pm iw e ^%. *|M> -hw*-. 

^/P?^ ^jtefiffi^flJ^ ^.Straight be- 
tween two Lands, elpecially-ihe naij^w, 

^15^ .fci^.W • !» A%* Gutter, or- 
In the lomcki Cnapiter, the Channel is a Part 


open upon the Echinus 5 having its Contours, or 
Turnings on each fide, to make the Vol*ta\ or 

To Cljattt, (Fr.) to Sing. 

Cfy*ttttt> the chief Singer in a Cathedral 
Church, or Chappel, the Mafter of the Choin 

Ctffitttttleet, a Name fometimes given to a 
Cock, upon account of its clear Choir. 

Cbanttp, a Chappel formerly joinM to fomei 
Cathedral, or Pariih-church, and endow'd with* 
Yearly Revenues, for the Maintenance of one, or 
more Pr lefts, daily to fing Mafs for the Souls of 
the Founders, and others % Of thefe- Chantries 
there were no lefs than forty feven within St* 
PauPs Church, London. 

CfyaO0, (Gr. ) a Gap: Among the Heatbe* t 
Phi/ofo}hers t $ dark and rude Mafs of Matter, 0^ 
an irregular Syftem of the Elements and alV forts 
of Particles mingled together, out of which they 
fuppos*d the World to De at firft formed 5 a con--' 
fuied and diforderly heap, of things. . . 

To <f$ap, to gape, or open as the Ground 
does in a great Drought 5 to chink, crack, or 

Ciaptj the Steel, or Silver-cafe thatftrength- 
ens the end of a Sword-fcabbard : Amoqg 'Hunters^ 
the tip at the end of a Fox's Tail. . \ * 

Cdapeau, (Fr.) a Hat, a Cardinal's &p : j 1bi 
Heraldry, a Cap of State u^dto he wo»n ( by XWks 5 
being ot a fcarlet Colour lined with Ermines: Pa 
this Cap, as on a Wreath, the tyefl ot, Nohle- 
men's Coats of Arms is bojrne^ and partfl^ fry, it 
from the-Hrfiwf, which . np.Creft o^u% f t^nyh 
immediately. »- ?> 

Cftapew, (Fr.) a \Vor4 formerly H?4jftii'% 
Hood, or Cap, efpecially that worn, Jjy ^the 
Knights of the Garter, being part of the JJa,(>i$o£ 
that Noble Order : In teralJryj a little Efciijcjieoa 
fixt on the Fore-heads of the, Horfes that 4r*w 
the Hear£e at a Funeral.- , m . / , 

C^apillj (Span.) a high Cork-heel'd Shwe. , 

C^apitCr> ( in JrcbtteR.^ the Head, pia^it 
or upper part of a Pillar ;, iThofe that We no 
Ornaments are call'd Chapiters' with Moulatngs t . as 
the Tnfcan and Doric^ km th^c^ ifct *rp> £* 9« 
with Leaves and carved Works, are termed C/»- 
fiters v»tb Sculptures, and ?4v& jfaeft of thetn [f^c 
Corinthian. •« 

In common Law, €b*$itUL$ are certain Arti- 
cle's, containing a fummary, or /hort Account q( 
fuch Matters ar a^ to bie^noWd of, of pitt- 
ed before Juftices in Eyre, Juftices of Aflfoe, *r» 
of the rea^c* in their Seffions* 
, Ctyiplftifl or CbapeilaiUe, one that .perfosm* 
Divine Serfic^ ia a Chappel* efpecially in a La*H 
fenfe, one that attends upon the King, of Othfcr. 
Perfon of Quality, for the Infttoaiooot' him ^id 
his Family in JVUfWs of JReligion. r(n 

CftapUt, a Wreath, or Garland, or the Tuft 
of Eeathcjjron: a Peacock's Head: Alfq *, certain 
.upmber of Beads threaded like a Braesfct* ^jf 
'which the PaPtfta count their -daily Pater^ffArs, 
and v*umw«W#V Alfo a. Fillet^ a kind of Ontf-> 
!t*em in Archiitiofture. , jm. 1 

Cftapma^ a Buyer, or Caftomer. ( J 

! €^a»mi8li^(iT.) 4iWqft>pd, theEigwrflof 
which is take* by Herald ftir a Bearing in a CW 
<4 Arms ; a* A Qw#/ Or, cfcr^ wi^6 a ebaft ut m * 
'Ermin. . ? ( 

dappe* a Tcrrp in«?r«% for a kind of Pajru 
jtition of an Efcutcheon % u A Chajfi Or. md * 

Cplppt^ a Building which either adjoins to % 
jChurch^ i,nd it, aj part thereof, or elfe ftands fe- 
Jparate from it where the Parifli is of a \xt%t Ex* 
tent: The latter is wmmmif paU'd iiO»#b°f 

Digitized by 


i rar --* •&■•>■* hniK-*<rntrGn+ 

/ g_H , 

*&ft?m&&lki&tMh i fam Rafet>f tlitfPtHffiM 
Hlhf^mi li¥l? aWk^reat : diftihce from the Ma- 
ther-church, and is ferv'd by a Curate at their; 

^»tlt^|afl|«Ii 3ftat which is -endowed With 
perjfcfcfel? 4ftevfeiies* and Maintenance for a Cu- 
%a#, W&iut-'ttte-' Charge of the ReSor, or Pa- 

rUh. -W,> ,- ■ . ■ .-.-■*. 

^^iHflipW, ii alfi> aTerm us'datnoi^ Printers 
4<to*tbe ikxfy? o* ; whole Company of Work-men 
% A|Kurtfcukt*Htiu{e 5 fo cali'd, becaufe the firft 
^ribtfrig-hbufewas fet up in a Chappel. 
^^appftOTUan^ the Members of a Printer's 

Cb&ppefcp> the Precinft, Bounds, or Jurifdic- 
tifemsif a Chappel. 

*> Ctjapttf, a Divifion, or part 6f a Book: In 
lii?' GtfmtAon and Canon Law, it* fignifies the 
Wftftle' , I&dy , -of Clergy-men belonging to a Ca- 
-fftfcdtat, G&nventtfal, or Collegiate Church, or 
the Place where they are Aflembled. 
k"C|*l)tef'fy(ntfe> * Building adjoining to, or 2 
*ar :; a 'Cathedral, or Collegiate Church, where 
the Chapter is held. 

i CljataHf r> (Sr.) a Mark, Sign, Seal, or Print, 
a -D^fcrip'ttWof a thing, a Letter, of Figure 5 a 
particular Way or Humour, Trtle Or Quality 
£baro8ers are alfo taken for certain 'Marls ,** c 
Signs of things invented by Artifts, and peculia 
tb federal Sciences 5 as Jlgebra, Geometry, Chymi- 
'firjl &c. By which the Knowledge of the thing 
*htf*ftfeives is more cxpeditioufly and clearly con- 
•fcey-'d to the learner. 

C^atatferifm^ the Defcription, or letting out 
X&* Perfontya Chai:a£ler. 
^dCteratftffStd) belonging to a Character. 
fotfUfaffttitfCfc- Hmcr, (in urammar) is tnat 
Cowftmant in a £*«4 Verb which immediately 
yfecedes the varying Termination. 

: C^atatterifticft of *nogMfcfrtm See index, or 

Extern**.'' ^ 

P *fa&*C|jKtfWi5*>, to give a Charafter of* to de- 
fer ibff^« "-'*• '-' * ' ' 
*t C!)ar^Jl«?> ( Gr a Bird fo calty, becaufe it 
Tteeps about die Channels and gapingBanks of Ri- 
rters, frhe feeing- of which is faid to cure thofe that 
liivctb^Jaundite* f ' 

CljarCOlC, a fort of Coal made of the Wood of 
QaJt, /Alder, Liime-tcse, 6v. cut into convenient 
Ibengths; and pil'd up like a Pyramid in a deep 
£hj } m*$tfot tnat* Purpofe under Ground, having 
• little Hole to put in the Fire, which is to be 
ftopt up when the Wood is half confum'd. 
'■ < 4%*$? Of ^rtfe^Ofee^ ( among Gardimrs ) the 
Ije&iea of "fair Artichoke-plants, ty'd and wrapt up 
in Straw in Autumn and Winter 5 which being co- 
tgc'dall over, but at the very top grow white, and 
by that means lofe a little of their Bitteraeft : 
aSh£y:*re otherwife cali'd Co/}***, and when boii'd 
areferv'd up like fyanijb Cardoons. 
yoC^ltfl0 Of fBtttty Plants of white Beets tranf- 
pkmed iit a well prepaid Bed, where they pro- 
dtfoDgreat Tops, having in the middle a large, 
white, thick, and downy, or Cotton-like main 
Shoot, much UsVtifr Cookery for Pottages and in- 
fermrffes. -<»; f h'-.oH *;::?. -r 

**€fy*tr> rkhaPof f&h; SecClWr: "* alfo a Job, 
•rfwMt4)fec<f of Wirtt.- ••' - * 4 

C^ate#tDOma% a Woman hired, by the Day, 
teaoity^afi^^iyf-attoufe: - ; 

WATo^ClW^ror^Cilie, <«v Hiuhan&yjto feparate 
the larger Chaff from the Corn, or fmajler Chaff, 
with «:!**£* R*la?? flrftch like Irtftrumeftt; 
•3'C^^ > t|liicW.fc8rt^Rec»rds3 a Charr, Carr, 

«X*guJiV- -.i Jinx*. :. «../*•■ . 

\? «#*£** £&)- EMl*a j of Load, 7 Management 

cfr > ;. 

of Care: Ofl5ce, Employt' or ^ Tfuft j E^pence 
or Coft : Alfo an Accuiatiop, or ' m P ea ^^Wff^ ^ r 
any Offence 5 an Engagement, Fight, or Ofifet: 
In Gunnery, a certain fldeafufe of Ppwder ? ' propor- 
tionable ro the fize of the Fire-arms, for w^icl^ it 
is allotted. 

* Among Farriers, C$&¥(£ is taken for an out- 
ward Remedy apply'd to the Body of a Horfe, or 
other Bcaft, and thefe are prepar'd feveral ways, 
according to the nature of the refpefliye Diftem- 
pers 5 as To makf a Qhar^t for a Wrench, or Slip, 

In Heraldry, CljatgC £igt>ifies whatever is borne 
in the Field of an Efcutchepn, whether it be a 
Living Creature, Plant, or any other Reprefenta- 
tion, or Figure : But fome call thofe Charts th^t 
ferve to exprefs certain Rewards, or Additions of 
Honour, in a Coat of Arms y as Cantons, Qiwrters, 
Gyrons, Flasks, &c. »■''■*. '.■'»• 

Among Sailors, a VeffeJ }s call'd a $1)1]) 1 Of 
C^atge^ when fhe draws pauch Water, or fwims 
deep in the Sea, and fometimes it is us'd for an 
unwieldy Ship that will not ware, or fteerj for 
fuch a one they fay likewifc js a Ship of Charge. 

To Cfyatge> to Load or Bucden, to comfnand 
or give Orders y to lay to bne^s Cliarge, or Acci^fe. 
To Charge the SuhieB with Inipofitions, is tQ lay hea- 
vy Taxes upon them. TppWge an Enemy, to 
Encounter, Attack, or falVupon nim, '" [ 

Cbatjeable, Burdenfome, Coftly. 

CljargCU CplitlDerj (in Gunnery) that part of a 
Cannon, or Piece of Ordinance which contains 
the Powder an<T Shot 2 the fame as the Chamber. \ 

C Ijarjer, a kind ot great Difti. 

CljanennTmtt?, (Gr.) Gracefulnefs,;^ 
Grace in Speaking, Pleafantnefs of Speech VAU9 
a Rhetorical Figure, in which a taunting Ijxjfocffion 
is lotten'd with a Jeft, or pleafaj^t piece ot Rail- 

A^atilp, with a great deal of Regard and Carej 
as To keep a thing Charity. > t -.\ K . 

Cft&tlQCfc, a kind of Herb. j 

° C|att0t 3 a li^ht fort of Coach. r ( 

: ;C{atiOteet, a Chariot-driver. 

Chacift0locbta } (<?r.) thelJerbMugwort. 

CgatitabU, (Lat.) loving, kind, bountiful li- 
beral. _,j n ■<■ .,;,,. 

CI)aritp 3 Eove, natural AffcSjon 9 Kindhefs : 
In Divinity, the Love of God* and one's Neigh- 
bour 5 alfo Alms," or Bounty to the Poor. 

To C&ark or €\}m > to burn Wood for the 
making of Charcoal. 

C)atft0> a Word us'd in Worcefterjbire for Pit- 
coal chark'd, or charr'd, which about Neivcaflle 
and elfewhere is call'd Coke. 

Charlatan, (Fr.) a Mountebank, or Quack 5 a 
coakfing Cheat. 

Ctanatanerfe, weedline, cheating, or cog- 
ging ; Quirks, Tricks, fiir words. 

Cljatfef* a proper Name of Men, fignifying 
all noble, or being of a Mafculine Spirit. 

Cljarfe^toafn^a duller of feven Stars in the t r r- 
p Mtf/or, or greater Bear ; fo call'd from its fuppo- 
fed Figure refembline a Chariot. 

C^ariOCkj a Weed growing amidft Corn, with 
a yellow Flower : Some call its Seed Rump-feed, 
and Clowns TAuflard-jeed, becaufe fome ignorant Peo- 
ple make a kind of Muftard of it. 

Cfeantf, (Fr.) Inchantment, Spell, Allurement, 
Bait: Charms are alfo certain Verfes, or Expref- 
fions which are thought to have a bewitching, 
Power 5 alfo certain particular Graces, or Ele- 
gances in Writing, ©V, as Charms of Poetry, or^E- 
loquince. . , , 

ToCfctOV to be witch,. to ; pleafe, or. ^flight 
extremely, to tickle the Ear 5 - tO>ppeafe>, or «al r 
lay Pain. 

Q^ z Cljarmer, 

Digitized by 


C H 

C H 

CfeftttttCr* one that charms, or bewitches 5 one 
that pretends to conjure by Spells, and muttering 
ftrange Words. 

Cfekmel^Ottfe* a Place where the Sculls and 
Bones of the Dead are laid. 

To C$are« See to Cbark,. 

CfcftOe or^Rjate, a kind of Fifh like a Trout 
that breeds only in Winnan der-mere. Lake in ^p/?- 
jtior* /*» J and fome few other Places of the North: 
They are ufually bak'd in Pots and fent up to 
London and other Parts, where they are rcceiv'd 
as an acceptable Prefent. 

Cfc&tB Of iLeaD, a Quantity that confifts of 30 
Pigs, each Pig containing fix Stone wanting two 
Pounds, and every Stone being ia Pounds. 

Cl)att$j (Lat. i. e. Papers) Defcriptions, or 
Draughts of any Place j which are of feveral forts, 

€batO$M$Wk£l)m$t 3 a Defcription of a par 
ticular Country. 

0eO0»{l|)lCitC^art 1 a general Draught of the 
whole Globe of the Earth, upon a Plane, which 
ii thence fometimes call'd a Planifphere, but com- 
monly a Map of the World, 

UJeilOgtatfoicfc ClMW&Defcriptions of the Sun's 
Body, and of its Macula, or Spots. 

tfttyostapfetcK, sparine* or ©ea^Cfcattg* large 

Sheets of Paper on which feveral parts of the 
Land and Sea are defcribed, with their refpefiive 
Coafts, Harbours, Soundinss,Flats, Shelves, Lands, 
Rocks, &c. as alfo the Longitude and Latitude 
£>f each Place, and the Points of the Compafs. 
Chart is alfo fometimes taken for the Mariner's 

&etal0graptyC& <ftatt0> particular Defecti- 
ons of the Parts, Appearances and Spots of the 

SopOStapWclt CfcatfiS, are Draughts of fome 
fmall parts of t£e Earth, or of fome particular 
Place, without regard to its relative Situation j as 
of London^ Paris \ Jmfterdam, &c. 

Cfcatta, (Lat.) Paper, or any Material fit to 
ttrite upon : In old Records, a Charter, or Deed 
ill Writing* alfo any Signal, or Token by which 
an Eftate was held. 

Cfeatta CmpOtfttCaor Stbttla, a fort ol Paper 
iriade without Glue, which is very full pf Pores, 
and ferves for the (training of Liquors, 6v. Cap- 
paper, Brown-paper, Blotting-paper. 

Cfcarta ifeaonattanfe Ce ftefetiMm&d > is the 

Form of a Pardon for killing another Man in his 
own Defence. 

Cbatea partcmationi* mflagaif*, the Form 

of a Pardon for a Man that is out-law 'd. 

CfcaW* &implejr> a Deed-poll, a fingle Deed, 
or Inftrument. 

Chattel, a Letter of Defiance, or Challenge 
to a Duel, in Ufe heretofore, when Combats were 
allow'd for the determining of difficult Contro- 
vcrfics in Law. See Cartel. 

Cftatttt* (in Common-Law) an Inftrument, or 
written Evidence of things don? between one Par- 
ty and another 5 especially a Writing whereby the 
King pafifes any Grant, or Privilege to one, or 
more Perfons, or to a Corporation, Town, &>c+ 

C&fttttt Of 4e JFo#fr> an Inftrument in which 
the Foreft-Laws are cempris'd and particularly 

Cftatte? Of Pat&Oltj a Deed by which one is 
forgiven a Felony, or other Offence, committeel 
againft the King's Crown and Dignity. 

CtyatK&tyOttlC* anciently the Cbartreufe % or 
Convent, of Cartbufian Monks, ndw a famous Col- 
lege, a little without the Walk of London, found- 
ed and richly endow'd by Tbonut Sutton Efq$ 
who dy'd there December 11. 1611. Thi$Hofpi-i 

tal confifts of a Matter, or Governor, a Chaplain 
and feveral other Officers 5 alfo a School-matter 
and Ufher to teach 44 Scholars 5 befides 80 de- 
cay'd Gentlemen, who have all a plentiful Main- 
tenance of Diet, Lodging, Cloaths, &c 

Ctyatttt^iattO* {Law-Term ) fuch Land as a 
Man holds by Charter, 1. e. evidence in Writing* 
otherwife call'd Free-hold. 

Ctytrttt^PaCtPj an Indenture, or Writing be- 
tween Merchants and Sea-faring Men touching 
their Affairs, or between Owners of Ships and the 
Maflfcrs, Or Commanders, containing the feveral 
Articles, or Particulars of th^ir relpe&ive Cove- 
nants and Agreements. 

CfMKttttt* a Word us'd In Cbefiire for a Free- 

C|artfe tte»etUri& a Writ lying againft onr 
that is intrufted with the keeping of Charters ot 
Feoffment, and refutes to deliver them. 

CfcttttttJCj an Order of Monks that live very 
aufterely in clofe and fblitary Confinement* See 
Cart hu fans. 

CtjartttUtp, a Keeper of a Regifter-Roll, or 
Reckoning- Book, 

CfyUftfl, See CberolL 

CfcarpbOtej a dangerous Gulph in the Bay of 
Sicily, full of Whirlpools, over againft which is 
the Rock Scylla. See Scylla. 

C$afe* (of a Gm) is its whole length. See 

To Cfcafr, (£\) to hunt, to purfue, to drive 
or fright away 5 alfo to work Plate, as Gold- 
fmiths, Repairers, and other Artificers do : In 
a Law-fenfe, to drive Cattel to or from a Place : 
Among Mariners, To Chafe or give Cbace, is to pur- 
fue a Ship at Sea. 

Cfeafrtt, (Gr.) a wide Gap, or opening of the 
Earth, or Firmament \ an empty fpace. 

CljaflcrporlBefitoetf jbwmf* a kind of Pear, 
that ripens in November and December , and fome- 
times in January* 

CfeaSf, (Lot.} fcontinent, uncorropted, uride- 
filed, pure. 

Cl)afte*pantt See Senf&le Plant. 

Cljaff C?toOQ&, a kind of Herb. 

Cljatteler, the Name of the Seffions-houfe and 
common ijroal of the City of Paris in France. 

Cfctctylt, a Word us'd by Chaucer for a 
Gentleman, or Gentlewoman of a Noble Fa- 

To CfWtt ettj the famd as To Chaftife 3 a Scrip- 
ture Word. 

To Cfcffife; to correft, or punifh thofe that 
have committed a Fault, &c . 

Ctofftfemettt, Punifhment inflifted upon Of- 

Cftaffltp or C(atltef0 1 (JLat.) a being Chafte 
and Pure $ a Chriftian and Moral Virtue, in ab- 
ftaining from the unlawful Pleasures of the Flefti, 
and ufing thofe that are lawful with Mode- 

Cfotfuble, (JR-.) a kind of Cope, or fhort Veft- 
ment without Sleeves, which a Popifh Prieft wears 
at Mafs * the fame as Cafule. 

CfMtt, prating, or idle Talk. 

Cfeat-ttOftOj Tittle Sticks fit for Fuel. 

Chattel*, ( Fr. in Common Law ) all Good« 
moveable and immoveable, but fuch as are in the 
tiature of a Free-hold or parcel thereof 5 and thefe 
are either Perfonal, or Real. 

<tfcatt€te ©etfOtta^ are thofe Goods which be- 
ing wrongfully with-held , cannot be recover'd 
but by Perfonal Aftion, or fuch as belong imme- 
diately to a Man's Perfon : as a Horfe, a Bow, 
fif c. ' 

Digitized by 


C H 

C H 

€\)ttk y a part of the Face, the Side Beam of 
a Prefs, the handle of a Balance or pair of Scales, 

C&Mk*, (in a Ship) are two pieces of Timber 
on each fide of the Maft, which ferve to ftrength- 
en it at the top: Alfo the uppermoft Rail, or 
piece of Timber in the Beak, and thofe on each 
fide the Trail-board; are call'd the upper and lower 
Cheeks. The Knees or erobked pieces of* Wood that 
fatten the Beak-head to the Bows of a Ship, are al- 
fo termed Cheeks $ the Sides of every Block or Pul- 
ley have likewife the fame Name, and the Sides 
of a Ship Carriage for a piece of Ordinance* 
Cfcer, Entertainment, good fare; 
Cbcc(i^botote; a kind of Flower. 
CllCcOip [or Cfeddp'bag, (Country-word) the 
Bag in which Houfewives prepare and keep their 
Rennit for Cheefe, the Stomach-bag of a young 
fucking Calf, that never taftes any other Food than 
Milk, where the Curd lies undigefted. 

CfcefcrttnniQffi an Herb otherwife call'd La- 
dies Bed-ftraw. .\ ' 

Ctyt&iPt t>e fame as the Sow, orHog-loufe* 
an Infeft. 

C^CilOiace. See Oiilocact. 
CbeketotOttj a fort of motley Stuff. Chaucer. 
Cbebn&& a Word likewife us'd by that Poet 
for a Gold-finch. 

CbeliMWj (G r Ae Swallow, a well known 
Bird $ alfo the hollow of a Horfc's Hoof. 

CfjettOOttfftj Celandine or Swallow-wort, an 
Herb that clears the Sight aftd purges Choler. 

CftdiWmia« J the Weft-wind, fo call'd towards 
the latter end of February, as coming in with the 

tftyeitttomttfc the Swallow-ftone, a kind of lit- 
tie Stone faid to be found in the Stomach of that 

Cfcetotfe, the Tortoife, of which there are fe- 
veral forts. See Ten opine. 

Cftelonftt0j> a precious Stone like the Eye of art 
Indian Tortoiie, which Magicians anciently made 
ufe of to appeafe Storms and Tempefts. 

Cftelonop^ag^ a certain People living on the 
Borders of Carmania, who feed only upon Tor* 
toifes, and cover their Houfes with the Shells of 
them, which are faid to be fo large, that one of 
them will ferve to make a Ship, or Boat 

Cfcelfep-Colieffe* a Royal Hofpital at Cbelfey; 
one Mile diffant from Londdn; founded by Kins 
dories H. carried on by James II. and compleated 
by William III. for the Maintenance of maimed 
and difabled Soldiers. The number of Penfio- 
ners is 47$, who have all red Coats lin'd with 
blue, with all other Cloaths, plentiful Diet, neat 
Lodging, Wafhing, Firing, and one Day's Pay 
in every Week forSpending-money. 

fcWpfcWi (Gr.) a Water-fnake like a Tbrtoife. 
Cfylttta or Cfye!tt£* a Meafure among the Anci- 
ents, containing two finall Spoonfulls : Alfo a 
Weight of two Drams, one Scruple, four Grains* 
and four fifth Parts of a Grain. 

Ctyttlt*, the fame with Qhymia^ the Art of Chi- 

C&ettitoi (Fr.) Way, or Road. 
Cbemtn Be? Ktntm, (in Fortif.) the Way of 
the Rounds, a fpace between the Rampart and 
the low Parapet, or Breaft-work under it, for the 
Rounds to go about $ beirig the fame as the Falfe 

<t\}tmi(ei (Fr.) a Shirt, or Shift , a lining or 
cafing with Stone : Ii) Fortification, a WaU with 

C^ftttttoStlflli facb Goods as do not appertain 
tothe Perfon, but depend upon fome other thing 3 
as a Box with Charters of Land, Apples upon a 
Tree, &c. Or elfe fuch as iffue out of fome im- 
moveable thing to a Perfon 5 as a Leafe* or Rent 
for Term of Tears. 

To QfotfXtt) to make a Noile as Birds do $ to 
prate, or prattle. 

CiatteC4rfe> a kind of Bird. 

CyaUifemiltC, (in the Pra&ice of Scotland) an 
Offence committed in a fudden Tumult, or Up- 

Cfyattfte-pifTe, (Fr.) the running of the Reins, a 
Venereal Difeafe, the Signs of which are a pain- 
fall ftretching out of the Yard, and a fcalding 
Pain in making Water 5 the Urine being pale, 
whitifti, and full of Filaments, or little Threads. 

ToCtyfte*' SeeToGn*. 

CtyafceuMt or CfteiKIt* a Filh otherwiic call d 

CdattttlOnOj the name of an ancient and noble 
Family in Cornwall 

Cfctttflfe or & re? Be Cfcattfft* (Fr.) a Term in 
Fortification for the Level of the Field, the plain 

Cfiattffe^ttapeg* See Caltrops. 

CfrattdJtH a noble Faiarty of Aylesbury in 

C^eap^gllO, ('old Law-word) aReftitution made 
by theHUndred, or County, for any Wrong done 
by one that was in plegh, or for whofe goocTBeha- 
■viour Sureties were put in. 

To Cfceapett, to ask, or io beat down the Price 
of a Commodity. 
C&ear, Gladnefs, joy, Courage, Heart. 
<£beartul> brisk, lively, plealant. 
Cbeacp, iomewhat chearful. 
Cleat, Deceit, Sham, Knavery 5 alfo a deceit- 
ful Perfon that makes it his Bufinefs to cheat, 
chowfe, or cozen. 

C^etWntluamttt^ art Indian Fruit that reiem- 
bles a Cheftnut. 

&f)ttk> Lofs, fatal Blow, Misfortune 5 Cenfure, 
or Reproof, remorfe of Confcience $ alfo a Term 
at Chefs-play : In Falconry Chec k, is when Rocfks, 
ties, or other Birds come within view of the 
Hawk, and ftie forfakes her natural Flight to fol- 
low, them. 

Ctaft Of tfce Cletft* an Officer at Court, fo 
call'd, becaufe he has the check and controlment 
of the Yeomen of the Guard, and all Ulhers be- 
longing to the King, Queen, or Prince. 

To Cfcdt, to reftram or curb, to interrupt 5 
to chide, or taunt; 

C^eCtUtltate, a Term us'd at Chefs-play, when 
the King is fo cibfe fhtit up, that there is no Way 
left for his Efcape, by which means an end is put 
» to the Game. 

CtyCtetOlI or dftetfce&tAUja Roller Book con- 
taining the Names of fuch as are Attendants, and 
in Pay to*he Queen or other great Perfonages, as 
their HotfeholcT Servants. 

Cljecfter^toOJfj Work that is checkered, or fet 
out with divers Colours. 

C!W«kerelH f&Wli, (to old Latin Records) 
Clcwth checkerM or diverfify'd in the Weaving. 

dtCk?» a Term in Heraldry for a Bordure, or 
Ordinary that has more than two Rows of Check- 
ers 5 for if it have only two, it is call'd Counter* 

(TfcCttfi a Major-domo, or Steward of anHoufe- 
hold among the Turks and Perftans. 

CfeeB&e&C&eete, a fort of Cheefe fo call'd from 
a Place near the City of Wells in Somerfetfiire : They 

are fo large as fometimes to require more than pne 1 Alfo the Solidity o^the Wallfrora the Talus, or 
Man to fet them on the Table. I Slope to the Stone-row. 

which a Baftion, or any other Work of Earth is 
I fae'd or lin'd for its greater Support and Strength : 

Digitized by 


Ci H 


CfeeiTlOftflf, .tf fpr$ ^frfeUingofr the Allmpm* Tu- 
nic^xos .Whife Coa|t of the Eye, which makes the 
black of it appear hollow 5 being a very great !*• 
flajnmation, wtfh>eben*ent Pain, fo that the Eye- 
lids are turn'd the infide our, and the Eyes Cari 
iiarce be cover 'd with them. 

C^eualopCJC, a Fowl of the Goofe-kind calFd a 
Bir%ander y or Barnacle. 

CljCHOpUS, the Herb Goofe-foot, a fort of 
Otrach. . 

Ct#riff> a Title v of Dignity among the &*r<*- 
rw and Mwr* 5 one that was tor (iicceed the Ca- 
liff, or Soveraign Prince 5 as a Coadjutor does a 
Bifhop in Germany*., 

CfyettfcUttfe, an old Word for Comfort. 

To Cftetlft, to make much of, to maintain 5 to 
nourifti, to keep warm. 

Cljetrms, a kind of Berry. See Kermes. 
, CbetnitW^ (Cfo) * Stone like Ivory anciently 
usM to preferve dead Bodies in. 

C^etfetltm, (in old Latin Recqrds) any Qlfto 
mary Offering made to the Pari ft*- fyi eft, or to the 
Apwopriators of tj*e Benefice. r . , 

it^ftSna, (Gf.) the Land-fnail 5 an Infedt, 

4$erfonefa* <* 40^fon*fe, ftiM?»grO ?"** 

njula, a Tradt of Land'alraofV epcompafscl wftb 


on Land, and in the Water. 

Cfott or ClKOJt, (old Wor^.Lofc,- 'JeaWy 

<fpCtW, merry People. Chawer. 1 

>C»Wttf> or Clerubttl, (Hcb.l e. Fulne£ "of 

Knowledge) the fccond of the njne Orders © \* 

ft* Fwt \o§a}ziitoBng'4mt afiat&cr, jgfid^ifring 
their Efcdi; irmW with'flroniPdirlte.^.ThelD rhBf 
Ufe is to ftop up Breathy ^r/^oofefcuw.ithe ffiaf- 
fages of a Camp from th<* Jnrfctarif ^QtfotffjiHbrfe 
and Foot:' Thc*y are 1 fo *"caRM *ecayft ^fiJ-ftsJdadc 
Ufc of at Gromngn,* a City t-of ^Ffiy^^ an&eiie 
much the fame with T^wf/J^M ?fr''~"?J-f(f3> 

Todjtt?, (old Word) .?tbithdve^;:uoJi^ 

CfcefceriteiWafljer* a kuadXof fcft tender I&a- 
ther made of the Skin of wihbQolrtsl *uh a-Hw 

C^etJCrfllU^ (in old Latin &ecoMs)ia Gociling 
or young Cock. ^. ; .</-:*> 

C^ftefal, the Cargo,- or Frtfi^h|T 4rf Qi rlSkip. 
Chancer. u Jit /{ L 

To C&e&fce* (old Word) to redehru - f ->/ 

C^eWte, fnull pieces of Timber jwBftd to the 
infide of a Ship} to beluy y or taften^thfe Rftpdb 
call'd Sheets and T^J. ;; : I .,.. ;/ : ciiUt(\d 

m CfteW'tt or Cljttllfi^ a Frefh- water Fifh,' 1 ha- 
ving a great Head. < f 3«rJt»3> 

C&ebi&ttCr, (Fr.) a La W-word^fof^iGQJQfl^a, 
or Bargain : Alfo an unlawful ContraS J n Point 
of Ufury, or a Corrrpofithin jfcetwe^fi^WIfrnd 
Creditor. • >• r n,:: I , /?* v; -? 7 ^ 

Cleilftfe or C&ttff*, (in old X^rid^^&ds) 
Hiadaof plough d Landsi f ^ :, AT r lAvn mitt 

_ _ r „. r __„ . C|wbrcttt-j8ir:Cl>ettei»iiy (:•»»• 3nw«^rfc#««^riii 

rfie Sea $ as Tfc* TaumKCherfonefe^ r ftrong Rafter and Chief; fuch as thofe that meet 

(J&etfp&W* akindof Serppr$ tfrat lives botfly* the To*) o£kn>.;Houfe^ r a«d J»Wt^e%®i>of. 

In Heraldry > one of tie Hiiidurable Ordirurie^ 
whicb reprefcnts two Rafters ^et ^.Tflfitedlfaat 
manner^ and^was^'ancientlylithe Form of -raiBfift- 
ftefe's Head^atttre r Thua Hej btim6u!e\\a Chwht* 
dtg%t> x : j: , ._ -... •-„;;. ,, - t . ^(,1 - o r -^ (:V , y * 

Cljfbrdnet, ia thq Moietry,/ orlxalf oTa Ghirrfjott. 

Cftetowg^teUI^ (imong.Ffirriers) littkfBaMt 
wadoof feveraliforts of T)rugp, tteite shctatf&by 
Borfes^ in. order to recover;.meir Appetite 2{IZ> 

C^tail?, an Officer in the Ottoman Port, fhaf 
performs the Dirfy of antJfhcr ;i> outoSfABlH&m- 
per of whom the Grand Seignior choofes h ii Am*- 
baffadors to foreign Princes and ^cates. -i.wi^jo 

CMbOi; : akindoffi^aUQoioni;. IT ({^ 
?; CWctftfcat- CfttCtWrteji^fc) a Qsii*ai©fari!, 
Trick, Shift, .or Fetch at Liw, the pet|)lcating, u €!r 
fjditting of a Caufe$ pettifogging, la trickiiig awl 
deceitful Praftice of the Law. *.-. > hie t i'jHqol 

€Ijic|w or toiC^ft, a Suott^MoiiqriaQfor^tbr 
Wrfcreiii, commonly tranOattd X^rH^ asia^&ble 
in Gold at 4500 Pounds 'Starling* in ?SilfW ai 
375 Pounds. litj - , < *. M ot (i^ql 

CfjitWlitj^ Pulfe, qthecwife caU^^ttrl^mng 
Peafe. £ 

C^tCfctoee» y an Herb very good/ for atttiMbo- 
ftumes, Rednefs of the Faa?* Wbeala, PritoljJItb, 

Scab, ©V. ..:. ( rjfeoM 

C^ckKllff, a fort of Herb. 1 ok I fi lo ' 

ToCdlOe^ to rebuke, or taunt at r tobra^r^ot 

bran^lc. j :r j r ,^ 

detdlT, an Herb proper for many Ufes, efp^ 
- xiaUy Sallet-forniture. , - 

C^Cflip, a kind of fmall Vermin that lies undf 1 
Stwacs^pd Tiks. 

<L\)CitUlt> the Fruit of a Urge Tree, coyerV 
with a prickly Burr, and under that a Skin wijfh ; 
Husk, which being taken off, tl^jtfjiite reap- 
pears good to eat. 

: €W&> a fort of Game. ,/ ; H 

, Ciefetreea, fSea-Term) two final! pieces o\ ' 
Timberon each fide Qf a Ship, a little before fcci 
Loof^ having a Ho^e in them, thro' which th^e 
Main Tack runs, and whereto it is haled down. H 

Cfeett, theBxeaft, that hollpw Part of a-Hu~ 
mane Body, which contains the Heart and Lungs : 
Alfo a kind of Coffer, Box, or Trunk. 

<t\)tft> is alfo. tajcen for an uncertain Quantity 
of fome Merchandizes j as of Sugar f from 10 to 
15 Hundred Weight: Of Caftle-Sbafr from a 7 to 
3 C. of Iri&$o y from 1 5 to 1 C. five Score to the 
Hundred : Of G/afs 9 from 200 to 300 Foot. 

C&eff* fDUttt'j trig* See Founfrinz. 
• CljCft-tope^ (among Sea- men) a Rope added to 
the Breaftsrope, when the Boat is row'd at the 
Ship's Stern, to keep her from /hearing, orfwing- 
ing to and again. 

Cbefctntp?, a kind of Boxes, or Traps, us'd to 
take Pole-cats, Fitchets, Marterns, ai\d the like 
Vermin that are hurtful to Warrens, Dove-houfes, 
or Hen-roofts. 

CJjetjaae.Clptttaffe, or €Wfo&> (Fr. q. i. the 

Service of the Head) a Law-Term, fignifying a 
Sum of Money paid by Villains to their Lords, as 
aq Acknowledgment of their Villenage, or Sub- 

Cfyettautfa* (in 1 ancient Latin Deeds) a Loar^ or 

Advance of Money upon Credit. 

€htoWt>t$}iU, (Fr.j. e. FrifelandHorfes) 

lit ^ e J- ; V^^eces of Timber, ten, pr 

twdlW Fqpt in LerigiL with fix Sides, jrito whicjx 

a,re ftfl\^n Ja ^eiWajliber of wooden Piatabout 

< ,r Jtno- 

$y%£* J ira * Principal, Soveraign. 

A ClHef, (in warlike Affairs) a CawumtSin 

r f ? r t £ cneral : Alfo a Commto4LaW 1*r*4 
as Lands held in Chief. See Capites ,u ijrf^mitf^ 

In Heraldry, a Ctfef* * x>ne of the<Jdgli«(Ho- 
nourable Ordiqaries^ which>takea up a"*iPd Wt 
of the Field, and is^iAi^ ^fc 
ftraight, or crooked, /. .*? IonxftM£ E*grMedii$& 
Drawn through dbe Chieft oOuppori)m?t «f ^M 
Efcutcheon : Thus, Tfe «rW ihGjmUCbM JMj 
or & bears Gnfa #<:Wj&C^/^0Qport^»>jftt ^f 
P 1 ^ .b.iuoiO e'nfiM 

•Jfr* L Jftjtoti *e//up^ettiaft£ ft«BeJFW|W%f- 
cutcheon, which is threefold, wxii4Q% O^rfj 

which fee. nwoOW 

Digitized by 



C H 

<Efjte£0> a fmall Creature that gets into the 
Feet of thofe that live in the tiknd of Barbadoes y 
and makes them very uneafy. 

Cl)ttW*, SeeCto**. . 

CytIblatTt > a kind *f Swelling in the Hands, 
Heels, or Feet, dceafionbd by Cold. S6e K&. 

r ^rtoernta^Mp* Seefrfw^-jD*?. 

CmlDittSi Child-bearing, or bringing forth 
Chimreri : Alfo a Term apply'd to fetf&raLPlants, 
fchen their Otf-fpriiig exceeds the Number of the 
Ordinary Kind} a* Childing Daifies, OM6'*g Afer- 

CfKIlfflKt, («&*. Law-Term,) a :?cfcae£ to take 
a Fine of one's Bond-Woman, gotten with Child 
without hts Confent. Within the Manowr of JVrit- 
tie in Ejpx> every reputed Father of a Baftard 
begot -there, pays to the Lord for; a Pfae three 
Stinting*' apd four Fence 5 and the Cuflom k alfo 

CtylfatJ, (G>\) the Number of a Thoufand, 
whence the Tables of Logarithms are often call'd 

CtyU'atcbtt* ° r CWBttCfo a Conmfaftder of 
a thoufand Men; a Colonel. 

C|£tiaft9> a Seel otherwife: calPd Millenaries, 
who hold, That Chrift (hall come and rdign per- 
fonaWy Won Earth with his Saints a Thouland 
Years, ! 

r C|ffid»^tiatfte, a'ftHeib that hai rf *e«iand 
Vif^esf? a kindof<jfentian. 

CfrffteSOtl* fin GrtwJ a regular plain Figure, 
confitting of a thoufand -Sides and Angles $ of 
which tho' the Eve can have no drftin& View, 
yet a dear Hea ot it may be form'd in- the Mmd, 
and the Surn of aU 4 H S Angles may be eaftly <le- 
monftfted to be equal to t$?6 right ortos; f 

Cljtltop^pHOtt, the Herb Milfoil, or Yarrow. 

Cljtfa)* one that has gfreat LJJm, Mufeker-Kp- 
pcd. - ^ % 

tf&ftOCace, a Canfceir xif ihe Motith; * Difeafe, 
#W3i trftcri happens to young Children, iiid is 
otherwife call'd Lahrorfyfcium. 

Cilin of CVfllK told,, fenfible of Cold; 

CtnlOrt&m or Ctjtt^tHfft, compendious; fcrief, 
%khe¥ in 'Speaking, or Writing; as ^f '€fer/«wift 
By/*, fo call'd from GW/a, a- Lacedemonian Philo- 
fopheri && one of' Aefevirri Wife Mert of Greece, 
whoRf Sentences were'rery <fliott and pMvp. a -• ? 

C^JtCttt, the hilly part of Btdtngam-fiife, 
fo nam'i, upon account of its Coldnefc.' ^With re- 
%ft <6Hhe Neighbouring galleys. ' 

Ctytltlfce, the outertnoft part of a 6arreJ. ' Cbau- 
Iter. '■ ' ».■•»-' ■' ^ " . 

CWjtti a Turje fet upon Bells, or in a Clock. 
r CWWfcra- or Clfttttta. (Gr.) a Rre-fceft*ing 
Monfter, frfgn*d by the Poets to have the Head 
fcf a fc&n, the Belly of* a Goat, anil the Tail of 
a Serpen* : Whence the Word is commonly us'd 
for a Gadfc jn the Air, a meer Whirfrfey, or idle; 
fancy. ; - 

Clmttfi^ belonging to fuch a Chimera, that' 
fcaa od Ground of Truth $ feSaginary. 

Ctytttfttfltm, a Kibe, or Chilblairi. 

^ftttttt* (Fr.) a^ Law-word for a Way* dnd 
it is either the King's High- way, through which 
all hit S*bjefts have a ftee^Psfflage 5 thb p the Pro- 
perty of the Soil on each Side may belong jro a 
private fterfim r Or cjfr; a private way^.by 
which one Matt, or ittore, have Liberty to pais 
by Preictiption, or by Charter through another 
Man'i Ground. • 

CfyfritfriaS*, a ToiVfirf Way ferine, or ^ajBTage 
thro^ a Foreft. ^ ; ' 

Cbtmitlte or frtmar, a tlack fleeveleft Wft- 
itient, worn by Bi (hops between their Rochet 
and Gown. 

dtmnep^irwwtef or fyufyAWmtf, a Ta« of 

two Shillings per jirmum, ^ laid by oW. 14 Car. a. 
upon every Fire-hearth, Stove, &V. and former- 
ly payable to the King; hut how quite taken 

Ct>to*fart, z fcabby Difeafe in Sheep, that 
runs on the Skin, and ia commonly call'd the 
Dartats among Shepherds. 

€#M> the moft Eaftern Pact of Afia, a vaft 
Kingdom, or Empire, containing 6oo Cities,' 1000 
walled Towns, and 400b Unwalied.' ./ 

C^tna 4r€\ytm**mi a fine jort of earAen 
Ware made in thofe Parts. 

Cfjitta^roOk a kkid of Me^ioittil Root of a 
fpungy light ^uMta'nce , and feddifh Colour^ 
brought from the £af and JVeft-Xndiet : It is good 
for the Gout, French Pox, and other obftinate 

£\)iHCtt?> Niggardlinefs; Stinginefs 3 a Word 
us'd by Cbabcer. 

4[tytftC}>* kind of lnfe&, otherwife call'd a Bug, 
Wood-loule, or Wall-loufe. 

C^tnr, the Back-bone. 

To Cpte atlfi to cut him quite through the 

Cfttet-COHg^tflgoC^fn^COrt^ a violent fort 
of G6u$jh that^often feizes on young Children. 

C$iA& 2 a deft in a Wall, or in the Earth, 
occanon'd by Drought : Alfo a kind of Indian 
painted Calhco-cldth. 

ToC&ntlt, to gape, or chap like the parched 
Earth j to found, or ring as Money does. 

CttQttf* a fort of Weight us'd at Struma, for 
the weighing of Goats-Wooll, which contains % 
Okes of 400 Drams each, or 5 founds, 7 Ounces, 
and to Drams each. 

Cljtragra, (Gr.) the Hand-gout * a fort of 
Gout in the Hands/ or Fingers. 

C&fcgemote, <t<tcgemat or Clrfw^femot, * 

Saxon Term, fienifying an Ecclefiaftical Coart. 

Ctlttkinff, ^ld Word) a chattering Noife. 

CVtCOgtaphjet, (Gr.) an Officer belonging to 
the Common Pleas, who engroflcs Fines acknow- 
ledged: in that Court irjto a perpetual Record, 
writes and delivers the Indentures, one for the 
Buyer, and another, for the Seller, and caufes all 
the Fines to be proclaimed in the Court every 
Term!' ; . 

CftWfftaifllttttti a Hand- writing, a Bond, or 
Bill under one's Hand : Alfo a Term us'd by our 
Engijh Saxons ' for a Publick Deed of Gift, or Con- 
veyance made autheritick by the Subfcription and 
Croffes of the Witneffes that were prefent. 

Clfaabgp, a talking by Signs made with the 

CWmmattCtt, one ftiird ^n the Art of Chiro- 

Cljftomancp, otherwife call'd Palmejiry, a kind 
of Divination, or pretended Art of difcovering 
the Conftitutions and Tempers of Perfons, and 
telling their Fortunes, by looking on the Lines 
and Marks of the Hand, or obferving the Wrin- 
kles and Strokes of the Skin. 

dtftomfmtfCal* belonging to Chiromancy, of 

ClKltm, one of the Centaurs, who was Tutor 
to Jchiljes, and famous for his Skill in Phyfick and 
Surgery. ' 

CWpDlte?, a fort of Wheals that arife ia the** 
Palms of the Hands. Sce&trones. 

. Cljiroma ©ttte> the wild, ot black Vine, Bri- 
ony ; a Plant fo nam'd from Cbirow, it* Inventor. 

^(tOniOHi the Herb Centaury, good for 
Wounds 5 both which Naoflcs took rife from Chi- 
ron the Centaur, who fir ft found out that Plant. 

CWftftftttn tRIrtt?* a Boil, or Sore which 


Digitized by 




<6tocb dfoprwUy^a the Thightand Feet, fo aaiU'd 
bett&fe it has need *xf fuch a one, as Cburo* was, 
to heal it. . , • , T> . , 

To CtftPj to fing, warble, or pqc p, as a Bird 
does. , , 

JEO ttfcf a C^tptlfi Ctt& ^ to cheat up otic s' 
Spirits with a Draught of ttrong Liquor. 

CtfOfCfeOte, a 4>«**/& Word, ua'd in Derifion 
of the f*w*cfc-men that pronounce CWrry for Ky- 
ry. •*■ v. 

Cbittttfierp* Sit &#g*y. 

^tangfOU^ .(«r.) belonging <> the Art of 

C§lfel or C^Bjrf, a Tool 4is'd by Carpenter*, 
Joyners; Carver*, and other Artificers. 

Cttt, a fnotty, fniveiling little Poy, or Girl,} 
a Kitling, or young Cat $ alfo a Freckle in the 
•Face; • .■'•••*;-'.;. r «r <*'*•,. O 

To Cfcft* (among Husbandmen) any Seefl j* 
find To rfcfr, when it firft fhooU its {malt Rofit^in- 
tothe Earth. r-'v 1 : "■> 

Cftfelatlt, a fort of Bird. ;' n, L> 

€§ttttj {old Word^ a Shift, Shift, <* • Shrewd. 

€%tttedtltg0» Hogs-guts well cleans^ and 
boil'd 5 alfo a kind of Pudding, orSaufage.,; 

C^OtP^ftce, a Puny Child, with a little Eacf, 
idne that has a pi tifW v iheaking Lock. ; : -\ 

tfbtftaffe* Seefcfcwugr. ( 

*• j CplMlfep, (* : D- *nightht**!f ; Hoifomanfhif , 

o\J(jur^ as» Deris > of Chivalry, i, e* mighty ^pats 

'at Arms, notable Exploits. In ra: Law fenfe, it fs 

-^ipatiticular manner of holding Lands, whinpbjy 

^JhWWnant i« : bound to perform fomc Noble, dr 

^J/Bjiiaty Office to his Lord y a Tenure by KnigJ 

Service. , 

*W*CSf or Cbfe&W, (among Herlwlijls} t 
fine Threads in Flowers, or according to To 
the fioaU Knobs that grow on , the top of thol 
Threads. i 

€bti>ta Itpt ttftij Pttrtttttfc ift wJica theHvri, 
<$r Thread of , a Flower has a 5ee4' hanging jirjd 
fhaking at the Poijit of if, as in Tulips, #>. * j 
. . .€tfot$ or Ctfetj?, a (mall fprf of, O^iotv 1 ' 

Ctftttt*, a^fott of teo^lc among the Turjj 
very expert in Horfemanfhipi and Aippias'd to >e. 
the Offspring of .the ancient; ptoofii* ..Jj 

C!lleuafmn0 ? ( Gr. ) a laughing to Scorn, a 
mockm, fcoffihg or jeer big $ alfo a Fig^e kt ^i r- 
, npfc^usd to that purpofe.. .,, \ ;\ . ,; * 

C^UitOtt or CljlitttO, a green or yellow Bird of 
. .the bi^nefs of a Turtle, never fecn but in Summer, 
the Witwal or Loriot $ the Yellow-hamber. 

CblojlB, die green Finch or the Canary- bi* d. 

C$l0tft££, a precious Stone greeh like Grafs. 

ChkjOptttf, the Moor-hen, a Water^fowU 

Cftlajate, the Green-Sicknefc, ' a Difeafe ip 
young Virgins, which feems to be, a kind of Pfcle- 

Snatick Dropfy, proceeding from * Stoppage of 
e Courfes, want of Fermentation in the Blood, 
&Pc. It is otherwise calTd IRerps Alhm *f Morbus 
Virpnem. . -\\ * . ^,,/ 

Chban«» a Tunnel or Funnel for pouring of 

JLiquor out of obe Yeflel into another ;, Among 

Anatomical Writers, a kind of Tunnel in the Ai- 

JU of the BtgifH by which the fetous Excrements 

.•are brought down from the Ventricles to the 

; JPitiiitary. Glandule: Alfo the Pelvis or Bafon of 

: r the Reins. See Pelvis. :*-..*" 

dnwrtpitt?, .ajpreciousStoncof a greeny Colour, 
^Vkt^^iite ^pld. . . , , . v . : , • 

:^r jOKtbtt) zJstt* of Compound and anoucilb- 
Xi^mMgS^ 9»^pf-:»ffWhote chief. Ingpcdient is; 

C^etlfjTj (Gr.) a Meafure in ufe among the; 
\M&* ent8 ' contain * n 8 z %° Sectaries, or three &g-; 

Hjb Pims: S4J««I take it ^ he ^4^1^^^ 
vanr's F«od fo? one Day- J u in . n n ^fuNL 

C^r» # a little Sowi •yowfe Pig-A AlfeAi: 
KingVevil Swelling; a hard Kfa^acI.uAdflr jje 
Arm-pits, Throat, Vr. a Wci^* ^ ^Ef 5iiJ0^ 

CtPQenVrsAllfc un Hfedge^g* ; f M ^ jufc 

C^Otr, the Quire of a Chur^hv that fMt^t 
where Divine Service isfud/brfung. •. m..w.^ 

To C|pke» to ftrangle or ftifle^ to Mtow* . 

C^OU^pei«> -a rough fort of Pear J whc^c^jit 
is figuratively taken for a fiwk, or rub 40 0S£* 

CWke^Wtl* or CVak^tte^O, *kind 

C^olapja or C^Ugoguc^ < Gr.) ftfcd 
that difcharge, or pu*ge CJhokp anA U*)f|^ 
Humours j as Rhubarb, Senna, fipf. 

pf the Dutlm or Porm BtjifWyt* 

Cy/fifw into one Paflage, thesca tenfr4^ 

OmmmH Cbobdtoh* : r This PaJ&ge goffl^l 

*o' the lower end of ths.Q^tfi^dtfumj wi 

inning of the JtJMum, and conveys the! 

iofc Parfs. ..; > ~ frt« ,||W j. .. , • " rjff}'«gf 

Cb0teti a hot and dry yellow Huqioix, ft^p- 

tam'd in • th* Gail-bladder,- which is of t gpcajkffe 

for the F^rn^ntation of tfie Juice nam'd ffyljim& 

b»ingipg t ^^rPerfipftiojii in^^gMg^^ 

it is taken for Paffion, Anger, or WxatH. :. jud| 

Difeafe in the Stomach and Guts, whrjxbj fit 
Dreg^ofth^HlWHWrrawy^d! i^^fl|#>vn- 
dance both upw^ardi ^nd I 4ft«pwaxds j s^miu 
ing tfnd LooCeoeis. , , ; r . - f ; ^ t - ^ , 

CMCfVfcj abound^i^g^ith', x>r foH pt.f 
ajtfo p^flftonatc, baftv, apt to be angry,, uccy^ 

£tyalimfri% * ii^ °J: u&pbuk : ycila%jiiq 
haveaSponcJeeinihefiftl^orUft Plape. t p^ 

CWtiion&tep> a Tow? ^i^H w lj?*;app rc 

Name and Place of Abo8e to the NoUr ^-^•T^-« : 
the Ch^l9f9ondleys 9 w CSbo^tf. .: -\ ^. 

Ctefttrflllb (Gr.) ap flerb IikcSuffory, Rifh- 
fuccory, or Gum^fuccpry* FJW £bdive. 

CbOHKt^ an Herb caliVl faUe Dkta.n . 

kinoenfe,' 6*f f Alio a/kma of t Jf#/*4i*JV^eai- ^ln 
Anatomy, a Cartilage, or Crrime,* the ;m9ft pa«i j 
and foli^ ?*« of the -Body v oei#. tina lo^r^ 

or the joyningof Bpn^s fQggthcr b^fla^aiAsjjf a 
Cartilage, w„(*Mf, ( ^ : - v .t'^i) r ii J 

Cfeonet or COJOjSfe ^wv Metres* Weafurc, : %dia^ 
tainin^rj^ Wine-GaHpi^,;^ ,v. ' . ,-? jji4r jv 

To CyOp, to cut, to mince, or cut fmaU pto 

truck or make an IfccbaBge* 


W^clHCCV, (old La^ ,worf) A an^h#t#n§ 
of Churches, as whew . two Pacfona .^ofi ieperat 
Churches change their JBi^uefiaa^ and T^Qgh^im 
to the Ordinary for that porpofc. > . f^^t ' 

CfcOjaSittitt, (Gr. ^ntpng; ;the ^^.^e Tir 
ring, or Dreffing room in rlay-houfes 5 alfe the 
Afitor^ Apparel and furniture of th^&agf if jad 
in general, all klad p£ furniture „ f *^uiip%e» 
Train, or Drefs. --, ./ >r j ^"j/^r-.^fiat 

C6a)W^ thetTMafbr^qr Sc^e^/fottfc^of 
Plays 5 th^. Leader of ^thepa^fe^iih^ Jtailerirf 
the. Revels^ who waa^cfo j^^to^M^^k. ,^&9 
furpifttthe Attire. " . .. n v: i(j ^r 

C|WIWf> belonging taikeChfwrojT^.. 

VicdrOoespx^ \. e. ok tj^ by mm»^ 
the Orders of the .viei^ w ^a^/ad.iftit(fed| 
and lerve God in the Quire j of t|teff, 
formerly fix belonging ta-Sf* ftp^' ' 
• C^O^ (in-Gw^.)a RigHt-tiic 
two ends of any Arcbi or/j 

fick. See Q>rd. 

Digitized by 



C H 

C H 

C&0}to, £<*Q a liowel, * Gut, thc String of a 

Mufical IniYrument made of aGiit $ a" Tendon or 
Nerve . Alfo a painful Stretching out of the Pt** 
or lard towards the Ptrm*um. 

CftB^ft $emfcjaite C)>mpm, a certain Nerve 
that comes from the third Branch of the fifth Pair, 
and is extended above the Membrane of theT>w~ 
fanwn or Drum of the Ear. 

C&OjSapfUS, thc wringing or griping Pains of 
the Small Gurs, when they are twitted, or when 
their Perijialticl^ or Worm-like Motion is invert 

ed, fo that the Ordure is thrown up at the Mouth 
only ; This Difeafe is otherwife call'd I/w, Iff 
Pa/Ji^ Miferere met tr Volvulus. 


CljlOjDaca CtonO;rtyoea. See Gonorrhoea Corda- 


£t)0}ra, a Dance where many People dance to- 
gether } a Ball. 

CljOJC* JMlUti 3IUt, a fort of Madnefs which 
was formerly very common among fome People, 
wherein the Perfons afFe&ed ran up and down 
dancing Night and Day to the laft Gafp, if they 
were not forcibly hinder'd : This Frenzy was fo 
call'd becaufe it often feizM on thofe that us'd to 
pay a yearly Vifit to the Chappel of St. Vitm % 
near the Citv of Vim in Swede*. 

CtWlfpifcoptt*, a Suffragan or Rural Bifhop 
formerly appointed by the chief Bifhop of the Di- 
ocefs, to fupply his Place in Country-Towns and 


Cfrojt U0, a Foot in Greek, or Latin Verfe, con- 
firming of three ftiort Syllables, the fame with 
Tribrachm : or elfe of two Syllables, the firft long, 
and the other fhort, the fame as the Trochee. 

CfrO)fAtttbU0> a ^ oot compounded of a Chorem 
and an Iambus, which confifts of four Syllables, 
two long ones at each end, and two Ihort ones in 
the middle ; as EbnetM. 

C!)0 JUKI, (in Mat.} the outmoft Membrane 
or Skin that covers the Foetus or Child in the 
Womb, being pretty thick and fmooth within, 
|>ut rough on the outfide where the Placenta fticks. 

Cfj0J0bat?0, a Meafure 20 Foot long, ancient- 
ly made ufe of to meafure the Height of Walls or 
Turrets, or the Depth of Waters. 

CbO?0gtap!)et, one skillM in Qyorograpby, 
CtyjOgtapljfck Cljart?* See Charts Cborogra- 

4Tl)0J0g?ayt)p f a Part of Geography, which de- 
livers the Dekription of particular Countries $ as 
of England \ France^ &c. or of any County, Shire, 
or Province in them. 

dj&l&i&UJ, fin Mat.) the Folding of the Ca- 
rotidal Artery in the Brain, in which is the G!an- 
dtda Pineal** 1 Alfo the Uvea Tunica, or Grape-like 
Coat, that makes the Apple of the Eye. 

<£!jO;tt£, the Company of Singers and Dancers 
in a Stage- play, or of Perfons Singing together in 
Confort; a Choir or Quire. 

C&Ofe, (Fr.) a Law- word for a Thing: Ex. 
Chofe Local, i. e. fuch a thing as is fixt to a Place $ 
as a Mill, &>c. Chofe Tranfitory, a thinj* that is 
moveable, or may be carry'd from one Place to a- 
nother. Chofe in Mion, a Thing without a Bo- 
dy, and only a Right * as an Annuity, a Cove- 
nant, a Bond, e>c. 
CJKNfk a fr ft of B^d. 

A Clj0tDTe, a Cheat, a Trick, or Sham: Alfo a 
fbolifti Fellow that may be eafily put upon $ a Ni- 
ty, a Bubble. 
To Chotofe, to Cozen, or Cheat. 
To Clj0iOtcr> to mutter and mumble, as for- 
ward Children are apt to do. 
Cljjtfltfj {Or. i. e. Ointoaent) a mixture of Oil 

and Balfaro, confecrated by a Popiflx Bifhop, to be 
us'd in the Ceremonies of Baptifm, Confirmation, 
extreme Unction, Coronation of Kings, Wc . 

Cljjjlfmale, fin old Records) a Chryfmal, or 
Chnfom-cloth, laid over a Child's Face at Bap- 
tifm 5 which of old was a cuftomary Due to the 

CljjtfmatiS JDe Ximi> Chrifom -pence, Money 
formerly paid to the Bifhop of the Diocefs, or his 
Suffragan, by the Parifh-clergy for their Chrifm, 
confecrated about Enfler for the Ules of the enfu- 
ing Year. This Cuftomary Payment being made 
in Lent, near Eajhr, was therefore in fome Places 
call'd Quadragejunals t in others Pafcbals and Eajler- 

CI))tfmat0JF, the Veffel in which the Chrifm, 
or hallow 'd Oil is kept. 

Cljjifom or Cb)tTom«!oA, the Face-cloth, or 
niece of Linnen put upon the Head of a Child new- 
ly Baptiz'd. 

CtoffonUI or Ctffom0, Infants that die within 
the Month of Birth, or at the time of their wear- 
ing the Chriforn- cloth* 

CljJttom*ealf, a Word us'd in fome Parts of 
England, for a tklf kill'd before it is a Month 


CHRIST, (Gr. i. e. Anointed) the proper 
Name of thc ever Blcflcd Redeemer of the 

Cleft's ^Ofpical in London f formerly a Mtf- 
naftery of Gray Friers, which Was diffolv'd by K. 
Henry VllL and chang'd by Edward Vt into an 
Hofpital for poor Children: It is call'd by fome 
Blue-coat H>ff>ital 9 in regard that all the Boys and 
Girls are there cloath'd in Blue Coats, and provi- 
ded with all other fuitable NcceiTaries. 

Cljiltt^t^Ojn, the Name of a certain Shrub. 
ClfttiNUMUt, a kind of Herb. 
To Cljutfen, to admit into thc Communion of 
the Chriftian Church, to Baptize. 

CtoiftCttlMmtj a Word us'd to denote all the 
Countries throughout the World , where the 
Chriftian Religion is profefs'd. 

CbtfftUn, belonging to Chrift, or his Doc- 
trine j alfo a proper Name of feveral Men and 

Cljuff iatt i^attte, that Name whkh is given to 
a Perfon at Baptifm. 

A Cbtfttfari, a Profeflbr of Chriftianity. 
Ctmftiattuaus (£um> (Latin old Law-term) 
the Court Chriftian, or Ecclefiafticd Judicature, 
oppofed to the Civil Court, or Lay-Tribunal, 
call'd Curia Domini Regn : Thefe Courts were hot 
only held by Bifhops in Synods, and their Arch- 
deacons and Chancellors in Confiftories ^ but al- 
fo in thc Rural Chapters, where thc Rural Dean, 
or Decanm Chrifiianitatis prefided, and the Parifli- 
Priefts were Affeflors, or Affiftants. 

CljutttaattP, the Chriftian Principles, Doilrine, 
or Religion. 
CbHttt SPantt^* See Manus Chrijli. 
CftUttttta0, aFeftivalkept December *u in Re- 
membrance and Honour of Chrift's Birth. 

C^Htt0^eC f ('. : Chrift-carricr) a proper 
Name of Men, particularly of a famous Saint in 
the Roman Calendar 1 It was alfo the Chriftian 
Name of the renowned Colimbus , or G>hn the 
Genoeft, who firft difcover'd the New World call'd 
Clmflfopfatfana, the Herb St. Orifiofber. 
Ctjionta, (Gr.) Colour; In Rhetoric^ a Co- 
lour, Set-off, or fair Pretence : In Mufck* thc 
graceful Way of Singing with Quavers and 


Digitized by 


C H 

C H 

Ck)Omatftft& a pleafant and delightful fort of 
Mufick, which confifts in keeping the Intervals 
clofo, by an ingenious Artifice, fo as to make the 
Melody fweeter and fofter. See Diatonick. and 

<rt>JdrttJtt^tm», XPhyficaUTerm} the natural 
injure m Colour, as of Urine^ Spittle, Bipod, 


jjijmtSL the Grunter, a'Sea-fifh. 

C^JOlltC^ belonging to time,' or that is of a 
Long Continuance. 

Clhonfcal SDtfeafe^ arc Diltem£ers that do 
not come prefently to a Height $ but in which the 
Patient lingers out, and lives many Tears, or at 
leaft for fome confiderabk time j as the Gout, 
"Stone, Dropfyj Wc. and in this refpeft they are 
qpppfed to Acute Difeafes 5 which fee. 

Cl)10tUC!c, an Hiftory according to the Oder 
of Times, or of Things done from time to time. 

CilJOiyClC^ recorded, px fet flown in a Chro- 
nicle or Hiftory. '*' " , % '.""*" 

dftjOttttlCr, a Writer of Chronicles. 
-, ClJWUODtJE, a kind of 0ial or. Inftrument, to 
lEhew how the time paffesatfay. l * 
' C^}0tlOgtaht, a Verfe in which the Fi&arative 
Letters b% ing. join'd together, make the Year of 
pur Lord! '. J* 

^JonotB^btCWWtttltfSfOf, One skill** in 
C^rfwo/o^Vy . - , .' . 

la W% n mS^^ belongfiigJfo that Scie^ 

^^plfipfiA the Art of reckoning Time, from 
i^-'CreaHon ofthe Worfd, for 'Hiftorical Ufes 
iqdTceeping an Accbunt of remarkable things and 
TranfacTions'5 £> as truly to Date the Beginnings 
and Ends t>F Princes Reigns, the Revolutions of 
Emnirefc, and Kingdoms, jSignal Battels, Sieges, 

n Cfyonomwram or Ctotmotcopfam perpetrtt* 

tuturft, 'the fame as a Pendulum to meafure Time 
with.- S$e Pepdkhim. " * * ' . 
• l^?^ 1 ^ V^orm, or <?rifl>«iat turns to the 
'Butter- ny.' 

GltfpfWt&emtttfL a *& me gi v<rn to Several 
HeVbs that,haVe yellow fKiping Flowers 5 asCrow- 
To6t,*orteoTd-knaps, yelbw Camomile, fir-r. 

Colour. * • ' 

Cij>2feH?» a ^^ °^ Comet of a Gold Colour.- 

(8eePWV : ",-'»''' 
* .Cbifttv*^ Gold foam ; the Foam that arifes 
Ycom refirted f,ead; being of a yellow Colour like* 
!GptjJ: Alfo flic ttrtb Milfoil, or Yarrow. 
' 'Jl^lJwft^ttPj a f° rt of * Cryftal-Stone that 
^linps like 6old. c , 

<&e gol3ea oJfbus of iw Berries. 

C9jpthtC«C<inf US . f Bl»fe> . a, Chy mical Powder 
made of Gold, the fame with Annan Fidminans 5 
-which" f?e*r'" '** 

C^pfOCOlla^ . Gold-Sodder, a^ Mineral like a Pu- 
mke-Stone, Jfourti in Mipes of Copper,, and fome- 
times ift ttilbfe. dr Geld /Silver and Lead$ J one 
kind of it fe calPd fiorax, and us f d by Gold-Imiths 
tor tfic ro^erfn^df Gold/ a1 
|J Ct)Jpf0COmt^ * the Herb Milfoil, or Yarrow, 

^ith goldert L c o(ifcs. V 

I . f C$pfoIactattttS»> ? kind of Orach. • 

'CtjJTttKlrfWS, apredmis-Srone that fhineflike 

Fire by Nigh^ and. looks r pale by Daj^] whence 

it jnay be ealt*d tfii Glow/wcrtfo Stone. \ ;* 

l) -trtjprolft^W, r the Chrtrfbli^, a precious IStbne 

If a'trtnfpaxent'GolJ-coloSFta?^ With Green ; 

Tome^wM&vc!rtofc»klMdfJ«J>er. " 

Cljjpfomelltm, an Apple of a golden Colouf, 
x vgUow Quince. w . 

%QJ t$tofom«rifc the Gbld-finch, a Singing-Bird.^ 

Ct>J?fOpattU0, a Prefcibus "Stone fprintled afe it 
were with Gold Sand. 

CtHPfopbW> a Fift* fo'calPd for the Gold Go- 
lour is has over the Eyes. 

Ct#pf8PW> a precious Stone like Gold. 

CiftPfopoetd; (among AlchymjU) the Art of 
making Gold. 

Cl)}pfopjafU0, a precipus Stone found in Ajia % 
of a greenifh Colour, yielding a Golden Luftre. 

<E1)#f0pterU0j a kind of Topaz. 

CjjjpfOj^ Gold, the moft valuable of all Me* 
talsj alfo the Gilt-head, a Sea-fifh. 

C^jpf0fl'0m > f'. '. having a golden Mouth) 
the Name of an ancient Bimop of Conjlantimfte, 
famous for his Eloquence. * v • 

C(ftp&tl)ale0, the leffer fort of Wall Penny- 
wort 5 an Herb. * ■ * -' 

C|»pSal« Sec Qy flat. , ., ' - 

C^rulCa^ the Water wfth whtfch FWSners 
wafh Gold off, when mixt wfth other Mtttds r z 
Alfo a Chymical Liquor that diflblves Gbld. Seft 
Aqua Regain. ' ' ' 

CljUl); a kind of FifH having a great Hpafl, ; al- 
fo a Jolt- head, or Clownifli Fellow. ' ' * 

Cljttb'C^eefteQ, that has full Cheeks; -i 

To €fyltt% to ftroke under the Chin ^ alfo *tA 
cryjis a Partridge does. , '"' * 

To CljUCkfe, to break 6Ut now and then info 
Laughter, to laugh by fits. ' ** * . ° 

Cljltff^ a Country -clown. % \ ■ ' 

Cftufl?, clowoifh, rough, tu^e. ;5 rc ^ y 

Cljump, a thick and flltW Log, orBloci o£ 
Wood. / / ' " * 

Cljurtty, a Place fet apart for Diving WorlH^: 
Alfo a particular Congregation, or Afl^AbT^ of 
Chriftian People, govern 'd by a lawful Mini/ft'r^ 

The Cattialtckor Wxiitotfaf&butcl}, tht wholi 

Body of the Faithful throughout all the ,Tarft 
of the habitable Eartb, of which Chrift rsAhc 
Head. ? ; 

£\)W\h1&t1bt> (Sax.) the 'Guardian, of'Ovej- 
feer of the Churcn 5 as Shire-reve, or Sherirf. » 
of the County ; a Church- Warden. ^ 

CbtU^WattlCtt^ Officers yearly dfcofen *by 
Confent of the Minifter and Veftry, to looJc w 
the Church, Church-yard, Parifh-Accounts, ft^-. 
as alfo to obferve the Behaviour of the Pafiiftio- 
ners, and to prefent thofe that commit fiich Of- 
fences as belong to the Jurifdi&ion and Cenfurc 
of the Ecclefiaftical Court. 

CllUrC^eflet, ( $ax. q. d. Churches Seed ) i 
certain Meafure of Wheat, which in old Times 
every Man us'd to give tp the Church on St. Mai- 
tin's Day. It is otherwife cxprefs'd Ckirfet, Cure- 
fer> and Grief ce at. 

CljUtl or C&tT 3 a Clown, a Country-tmmpkiivy 
a covetous Hmks: The Word was us > d f ajnorig 
our Saxon Anceftors for a free Tenant at "WilH 
that held Lands of the Thane, or Earl, upon ac- 
count of certain Rents and Services. 

€\Hltilifb> clownifh, furly, ill-naturM. 

Cfcurr-toOjm, anlnfeft, otherwife caird a Fen- 

Cl)trrfOt, (Sax.) Church- fcot, /. e. certain cufto- 
mary Duties, anciently paid to the Parifh-Priett j 
from which thofe that liv'd in a Monaftery, or Re- 
ligious Houfe, fometimespurchasM an Exeniptioii 
for themfclves and their Tenants. 

CI^U0j (Gr.) the fame Meafure among the Gr<- 
aans, as Congius with the Romany containing fix 
of our Pints. 

Ci)pl{* a white Juice in the Stomach aWt tiow- 
els, proceeding from a light Di Ablution and Fer- 
mentation of the Victuals : which Juice mingling 
and fermenting with^'the Gall and Pancreatick 
Juice, paffes the La&eal Veins, 6°r. and at laft is 

imbodied with the Blood. 


Digitized by 


G;H >C I 



$ceDu8us Qyllt^ 
the natural Afil or Faculty of 
tfre £i»ija4hment, or Food* into Qhyle. 
HeCCptaCttlttm* See Receptaculum 0>fi. 
EpUljBiB* ,the fame as Cbitificathn. 
^Jpmec^i .* fcnul °f Coat # or Jacket 5 alfo a 
Herald's Coat of Arms. 
Ctotttfcaof Cte«liCilia f fuch Medicines as are 


fOMSMj belonging to Chymiftry. 

Clntttitt, 0| fe th** praftifes, or is skilTd in 

"ICiptalffrp, an Art which teaches how to fepa- 
rate the different Subftances that are found in 
Wto jBpdies, as Metals t Minerals , Plants and 
Living-Creatures, and to reduce them to their 
firft Principles 5 from the Greek. Word Cbymos, a 
/ f ypt Qxtjn to, melt : It is other wife call'd AU 
iffpizs alfb the Hermetic^, Pyrotechnick. and Sfa- 
c£ Art * f the Kcafcns of which Names are ac- 
counted for under thofe Articles. 
, r CfeptTWlfe or CfcmO&& a diftortion, or draw- 
ing awry of the Eye-lids, occafion'd by an In- 
flammation : Alfo an Inflammation in the Tuni- 
d& i^rnea^os homy Coat of the Eye. See Cbe- 

., Cfrptttttf> any kind of Juice, efpecially that of 
Meat after the fecond Digeftion, which is mixt 
with the Blood, and running thro* the Veins, re- 
pairs the wafte of every Part- 

~ftOP;£> (Fr.) the Sox, or Cup in which the 
^ or confecrated Bread at the Communion is 
Jb Popifh Countries, 

tol s CftOttle* or CWbtol>> kind of fmajl 
terateQnipn. fp , 
JOttlet, a youujg CKibbol. 
£&«• (I*f.)>het!igal, an Infeft that makes 
^4jjrcat, din t thro' JGr^*/y and Greece. *w the Summer- 
time* and is falfly taken for the Grafs-hopper. 
. CiCtttitC* (in Surgery) a Scar, Seam, or Mark 
^Je^aftcr a great Wound or Ulcer is heai'd. Some 
are Ample, others acepmpany'd with Cavities, pr 
jpents> and lofs of Subftance in the Part affefted. 
T Ctf atttotla, a, little Scar: Among NatUralifts, 
^18 taken for that finall whitifh Speck in the 
»fjof the Yolk of an Egg, where the firft 
lapgep towards the Formation of the Chick ajp- 
jar ,ip a hatched Egg 3 and which is commonly 

(fiycatttjatttia* cicatrizing Medicines that fill 
jflpTsores with Fie/h, and corer them with a 

To fctoltrfje, to clofe up a Wound, to bring it 
to a Scar. 

Cfcftttfc (L«r.) a Oicatrice, Scar, or Seam of 
^y/ifl&elQ^ a j?rope$ Name of Women. 

€*#&& or frtoeet Ctolep^ a fort of Herb. 
>F CfS£ (^0 a finall fort of Pulfe lefs than 
Peafe ; Chiches, or Vetches. 

ClCeta^ It kind of Pulfe like Cbichlings, good 
for Fodder. 

-CtCeTft SCarttO, Pills made of Turpentine and 
Ctom of Tartar. , 1 

' Ttar S««K an Herb. 

CI|M n HMcf^biches, Cbichlings. 
c CRitf i l/)A(ffif.,i fiujious Orator and Phi- 
lofopber among " 

'a Rhetorical, eloquent and 
of ISipreffion. 
f, a kind of Pulfo. 

^.^-(Jichory, or Succory, an 

^&' c §&&m "Stoppages of the Liver and 
;teriteett;T/CV.*^* Am' rr & 


(tiCbUieiftf ( ^ ) an Infeft that ,Jhines by 
Night j the Glow-bird, of Glow-wortrf. r 

CfcOtti*, the Stork, a Witef-fowli 

CiCttta* an Herb much tike our Hemlock, the 
Juice of which, through extreme Cold, is Poifoa $ 
and therefore the Athenians made ufc of it to put 
Malefaftors to Death. 

Cinttaria, common Hemlock, Cicely, or Cow- 
weed $ the Leaves of which are like the former, 
but broader, and of a pale green Colour. 

Cfa, a Word us'd by the Spaniards, for a valiant 
Man, or great Captain. 

CtDatUfj a Cap of State among the ancient 
Perfians, faid to be worn by their Kings and Priefts, 
ana probably not much different from the Turbant 
now in ule. 

CiDer, an excellent Drink made of Apples. 

ClOertlt, one that deals in Cider. 

CfiKI ktH or ]9ift1£, a Liquor jnade of the Murk 
or grofs Matter left after the Cider is prefs'd out, 
and a convenient quantity of boii'd Water added 
to it 5 the whole infufing for about 48 Hours : 
This Liquor may fupply the Place of imail Beer 
in a Family, ana to many is more agreeable". 

Cferg?, (fr.) a Wax-taper, Wax-candle, or 
Lamp $ a Word us'd by Cbaucp. , 

Ctgttftt See Cygnet. 

€mtP> (inAtcbit(8.) th*e Drapery, Foliage, or 
branched Work on the heads of rillars. 

Cilia, the fiye-brows, or Eyelids. See Ctlium 
and SnperciUunt m s . -»:^.u^> 

COntre a^ctttientitm or proceffiw €Stirfe t 

(in Anat. ) is a Colleftion of fmall fleoder 
Filaments or Threads which take rife from the 
inner part of the Tunica Uvea in the Eye, and 
thence run towards the bunching out part of the 
Ciyftallim Humour, which they compafs in and join 

CilftNIV thc Eye-lid, or cover of the Eye, 
properly the utmoft edge of the Eye-lid, out of 
which the Hairs grow. 

Clio* one that has a Head, with a ihat p €f0wn 
like a Sugar Loaf, or that has a great Fore- head. 

CimeliAttty*or Cimeliaotw, (Or.) a chief 

Keeper of the Plate, Veftments and other rich 
things belonging to a Church 5 a Church-War- 
den : Alfo the Rafter of a Treafury, or Jewel- 
houfe. ~ t ^ , 

GtOXtttt* a kind of broad Back-fword much 
us'd in Turkey and Perfta. 

€imp> (£**.)a fort of Fly, or Worm, breed- 
ing in Wood, Paper, or Cbaff* a Wall-loufe, 
Bug, or Chinch. 

€imtt jtyftefri!*, the Knolfter, or flying 

Cimfcati*, the Herb Flevbane. 

CtmmttiaW, a certain People of Scythia, whofe 
Country was compafs'd about with Woods, and 
always cover'd with thick Clouds : Whence Gw- 
merian Darkpefe is proverbially taken for a very great 

Cm& €itlr y the fame as Quinquina, or the Je- 
fuits Bark, which fee. 

Cfttttft or Cpttara, (Gr.) the Artichoke 3 a 
well-known Plant. 

CbiCftttt or Cfncanter* as an old Gncattr, i. e . 
a Man aged fifty Years. k 

Ctarttt?> (£<*.) a Bird call'd the long-bill'd 
Wag-tail, or half Snipe, and by fome the Water- 

CtltCOttj an admirable Bij4 in the Kingdom of 
Mexico in the Weft-Indies, no bigger than a Bee* 
tie, yet beautify d with delicate Feathers : It lives 
upon the Dew and \he Smell of Flowers,, and 
fleeps in the hollow of a Tree 'till the Motith of 

R a Cftutatt* 

Digitized by 


C I 

C I 

Cincture* {Lot.) a girding : In Arcbitettur*, that 
Part which makes the middle of a Pillar. 

Cinefaaion or Cineiation, (among fome cty- 

mjis) is taken for Calcination, or the burning of 
any thing to Afhes. 

Ciner£0> Cinders, Afhes, Embers, 

€inere0 CiatoeHarf, gravelled Afhes, a Chymi- 
cal Term for the Alhes that are made of Tartar, 
or the Lees of Wine burnt, 

CUlCEtCta* the outward, foft , glandulous Sub- 
ftance of the Brain, fo cali'd from its Afh Colour j 
and Suhjlantia Cbrticalis. See Cortical fart oj the 

Ctilgle, a Girth for a Horfe. 

Cingulum, (Lat.) a Girdle, Girth, or Band 5 
alfo an Herb in the Sea growing like a Girdle 5 
Sea -belt. 

Cinffufam tttetUtfe, (in Palmejiry) the Girdle 
of l^tnm, the Figure of a Semicircle drawn from 
a Space betwixt the Forefinger and Middle-fin- 
ger, to the Space between the Ring-finger and Lit- 

Cmtptyeg, certain little Flies, but cruelly fling- 
ing, which made one of the Plagues of E^yft. 

Ctnnabat or CUlOpet> red Lead, a kind of Mi- 
neral confifting of Sulphur and Mercury 5 and it 
is either Natural, term'd Native Qnnabar, or 
elfe Artificial, which is a Mixture of Brimftone 
and Quickfilver fublimed together : This Mine 
ral is brownifh when in the Lump, but being re- 
due'd to a fine Powder, it is of a very high red 
Colour, and calt'd Vermillion. 

Ctttttabar Of Jlllttmonp, a mixture of equal 
Parts of Powder'd Antimony, and Sublimate Cor- 
rofive Chymically prepar'd, which is counted a 
good Medicine for the Falling-ficknefs and Diftenv 
|>ers of the Head. 

CtttnamOtt* a fort of Spice, being the fecond 
Bark of a Tree as large as the Olive 5 its Leaves 
like thofe of a Lemon-tree, but much greener 5 
the Flowers white, and very fweet fcented 5 the 
Fruit round, black, and of the bignefs of a Nut. 

Cfttopet* See Cinnabar. 

Cinq nam, (Fr. in the Art of War) an ancient 
Order of Battle, to draw up five Battalions, fo 
as to make three Lines, i. e. Van, Main-body, and 
Rear : Thus the fecond and fourth Battalions ad- 
vancing make the Van 5 the firft and fifth form the 
Main Body ; and the third fiills back for the Rear 
guard, or Body of Refer ve. 

Cf nftltanWnfeW> a Captain, or Commander of 
the Militia, or Trained Bands of a Town in 
France : Alfo a particular Officer in the City of 

Ctnque^foil or JFttie4eatiti derate, an Herb 

that takes Name from the Number of L£a*es 
that grow together in a Tuft. 

Cin(LUe^pO}f, a fort of Fiftiing-net, fo cali'd 
from the five Entrances into it 5 being of excel- 
lent Ufe for any River, or Pond of fwitt or (land- 
ing Water. 

Cinque ^pOJt^ five remarkable Havens, which 
lie towards France on the Eaft Part of Eatfand, 
Haftinp, Dover, Hithe, l&onmey and Sandwich ; 


to which Rye and Wtnchelfea are added as Appen- 
dants : They are under the JWifdi&ion of the Con- 
ftable of Dover-Caftle, and were firft eftablifVd by 
King William the Conqueror, for the better Securi- 
ty of the Coaft $ the Inhabitants of thefe Ports 
having many Privileges and Immunities above 
others : They pay no Subfidies, Suits at Law are 
Cbmmenc'd and anfwerM within their own Liber- 
ties ; their Mayors and Barons carry the Canopy 
over the King and Queen at the Coronation ; and 
for their greater Dignity,they are plac'd at a Table 
on the King's Right Hand. 

JlOjD Ca&ai&en Of tlje Cumtte^IIOJt^ an efpcci- 
al Governor of thofe noted Havens, who has the 
Authority of an Admiral among them, and fends 
out Writs in his own Name. 

CtOU, a young Shoot, Sprig, or Sucker of a 
Tree : In Anatomy, the fame with the UvuU 5 
which fee. 

CiperOU0, • a kind of Bulrufh. 

Cipl)ec> (in Arithmetic^) a Note or Character' 
which fignifies nothing of it felf, yet being fcl a£ 
ter any of the other Figures, it encreafes their 
Value by Tens 5 which it alfo does in Decimal 
Fractions, when fet before any Figure: A C*- 
fher is alfo a flourifh of Letters comprifing the 
Name of a Perfon, or fome fiiort Sentence : Alfo 
a fecret Character agreed on between two Par* 
ties, for the Writing of Letters, Intelligence, 

To Ctptyer, to caft Accounts. 

Ctprefe* See Cyprefs. 

CipptlP) (Lat.) a Pillar with an Inscription, 4 
Grave-ftone : In old Records, a pair of Stocks, of 

Cttteitfian Came?, the Plays of theC/roii, much 
us'd at Rome, in Imitation of the Olympick Games 
in Greece^ and dedicated to Confut the God of 

CirCtUjEfj (Lat.) a boift'rous South-wind, or 
Hurricane, which blows out of France through 

(UtCte, a Compafs, a Ring $ as A Circle «f 
fine Ladies. In Geometry, a plain Figure, com* 

frehended only under one Curve, or crooked 
,ine, and having a point in the middle of it call'd 
the Center, from which all the Right Linfcs that 
can be drawn to the Circumference are equal one 
to another. 

Crrcfe Of tfce CDtlttant, (in the Ptolemauk. Agro- 
nomy) is a Circle defcribod on the Center of the 
Equant, and its chief Ufe is to find the Varia> 
tion of the firft Inequality. 

Circle Of Inclination, a great Circle about the 
Sun in the Sphere of the fixed Stars 5 falling right 
upon the Eclifti'ek. 

Ctrde of perpetual Apparition, is one of the 

leffer Circles parallel to the Equator, fo naraM 
in regard that all the Stars which are included 
in it, never fet, but are always vifible above the 

Circle of perpetual flDcculcatton, is another 

Circle at a like diftance from the Ejuator, which 
contains all thofe Stars that never appear in our : But the Stars fit u a ted between 
the Circles, continually rife and fct at certain 

CteCleg Of 0ItitUM* See Almicanters. 

Circles of ^Declination* (on the Globe) fo fome 

Writers call the Meridians, on which < the Decli- 
nation, or Diftance from the Equator of any Pla- 
net, or Star, is counted. 

Circles Of JLOttgfettDe, are great Circles, that 
pafs thro' the Star and the Pole of the Ecltftick* 
where they determine the Star's Longitude, rec- 
kon'dfrom the beginning of Aries: The Meridi- 
ans are likewife fo call d, becaufe they ferve to 
mark but the Longitude of Places. 

Circles Of Pofition, are Circles that pafs by 
the Common Points , where the Horizon and 
Meridian mutually cut one another, and through 
any Degree of the EcHptick,, or Point in the Hea- 
vens, or the Center of any Star $ their Ufe being 
to find out how fuch a Star is fituated with re- 
fpeft to the Globe of the Earth. The Twelve 
Aftrological Houfes are alfo diftinguifli'd by Semi«- 
circles of Pofitiori. 


Digitized by 


C I 

C I 

Circle* Of t|je ©mptCS, are certain large Pro 
vinces, or Countries into which the Empire of 
Germany is divided ; being ten in Number, viz. 
The Circles of the Upper and Lower Suxony, JVejl- 
fhalia, the Upper and Lower Rhine, Francowa, Sua- 
bia, Bavaria, Aujlria, and Burgundy j which lift is 
now known by the Name of T/v Seventeen Provinces 
ef m the Netherlands. 

Cfrctet, a Roll made of Pewter, or other Me- 
tal, to let and turn a Difh on a Table. 

CiCCOCek, (Gr.) a Swelling of the Seed vef- 
fels in the Scrotum. 

CttCtltt* (£**•) a going about, a Compafs. Al- 
fo the travelling of the Judges twice a Year, to 
adminifter Juftice in feveral Counties. 

CttCmttOlt, a fetching a Compafs, or going 

CltCUUU^ (Lat.) a Circuit, or Compafs : Alfo 
the Courfe of a Fever, or Ague 3 the fame with 
Periodus and Ty h us ; which fee. 

CttCUitp Of £ktt0ltj (Law-Term) a longer Courfe 
of Proceeding than is needful to recover the thing 
foed for. 

Circular) that is in the form of a Circle, round. 

CtTCttlai or ©pfoettcal &lMhtW, (in Arithm.) 
are fuch whofe Powers end in the Roots them- 
felvea: As for Inftance, 5 and 6, all the Powers of 
which do end in 5 and 6 ; as the Square of 5 is 
25, the Cube 125 5 the Square of 6 is 36*, the 
Cube aitf, &V. 

To Circulate, to go, or move round. 

CittuUttOtl, the Motion of that which circu- 
lates : In Chymijtry, a Motion given to Liquors 
contained in a Double Veffel, that is, when the 
Necks of two Vetfels are very well luted toge- 
ther 3 which Motion isftir'd up by Fire, and cau- 
fes the Vapours to rife and fall to and fro : This 
Operation ferves either 1 to make the Liquors more 
ftibtile, or to open fome hard Body that is mix'd 
with them. 

CitCttfotiOtt Of tty ]$l009, a continual Motion 
of that Humour paffing from the Heart thro' the 
Arteries, and returning back to the Heart through 
the Veins. 

CfrtufatOjp, that circulates, or goes round. 

CttCttlatOjp Hettett, are Letters fent into all 
Parts of a Kingdom by general Commiffioneis, or 
by an ArchbiJnop into the feveral Parts of his 
Province, upon particular Occafions. 

CirCttlatOip^flfelg, (in Chymijiry) fuch as ferve 
to diitil by Circulation. 

A CirCttlatOJP, a Glafs-Veflel in which the 
Steam of the diimled Liquor, by its rifing and 
falling, rolls about it as it were in a Circle : There 
are feveral forts of tbefe Vefifels, but two are 
chiefly us'd, and cali'd the Pelican, or Blind Alem- 
kck, and the Diata. 

iitCUlaiam $IMI*, a Term us'd by fome Cby 
mift-s for Spirit of. Wine. 

CitCulu^ {Lai.) a Circle or Compafs, a Ring, 
a Hoop : Among Chymifts, a round Inftrument 
made of Iron, for cutting off the Necks of Re 
torts, Cucurbits or other Glafs-Ve(Tels $ which 
is done bv applying the Inftrument heated to the 
Glafi-VeflM, and holding it there 'till it grow hot, 
then with fome Drops of cold Water, or a cold 
Blart, it flies in pieces. 

Crcttltwra>iceauowntta!t0* See c yc u of *k 


CfrCttmagCITtCB jPutctsU, (in Anat.) are cer- 
tain oblique Mufcles of the Eyes, fo mm'd from 
their helping to wind, and turn the Eyes round 

CftcnmaggeratiOtt, a heaping round aJboat. 

Circumambient, encompafling, or flowing a- 
bout; an Epithet proper for the Air, and applyM 
to other natural Bodies. 

Ctttltm&mimlatiOttj a walking about. 

CtCCttmcelliO^ a Vagabond, or Wanderer, one 
that goes up and down, having no certain Abode '5 
a Haunter of Ale-houfes, CofFee-houfes, '&c a 
begging Friar. 

£ltt\\mctl\io\\t$ t were alfo certain abominable 
Hereticks, that (trpU'd about from one Place to 
another, and to get Repute laid violent Hands upon 

CttCttmrtBOfl, ('. *■ * cutting about) a Cere- 
mony heretofore us'd among the Jews, and now 
among the Turks, viz. a cutting off the Foreskin 
from their Male Children, as foon as they are 
eight Days old. 

CirCttttimttfiOlt, a leading about. 

Ctmtmfetence, Circuit, or Compafs: In Geo- 
metry, that Line which goes about, and enclofes 
the Area, or Content of a Circle $ it is alfo fome- 
times taken for the outermoft bounding Line of 
any other plain Figure. 

CtCtttmfettntO), a Mathematical Inftrument 
us'd by Geometricians and Surveyors, and made 
of Wood 8 Inches in length and 4 in breadth : A- 
bout the middle of the upper Side is a round 
Hole 3 i Inches about, ana naif an Inch deep, in 
which is fixed a Card divided into 120 equal 
Parts, a Dial being drawn on the Card to know 
the Hour of the Diy, Qfc. 

CuPCUtnftlJt* (in Grammar) a fort of Accent fet 
over a long or contrafted Syllable, which is mark- 
ed ( A ) and in the Greek C) 

CftCttmaUQU* or CKCUmaaeUt, flowing a~ 

CttCUmfdjaneOttU, that is carried about the 
Market, or Court. 

CUCUmfuftOTT, a pouring about. 

CftCttmjJprMUm, a fetching a great Circuit a- 
bout, a whirling, or turning about 5 the whee- 
ling Motion of any Natural Body round a Cen- 

CfrCftmjaeenf, lying round about. 

CUCttmmceflum, a Word us'd by Divines to ex- 
prefs the reciprocal Exiftence of the three Vct- 
fons of the Holy Trinity in each other. 

CtrCtttttifgatian, a binding, or tying about. 

CttCttmUlCUtfQn, a Fetch, or CompafSof Words, 
made ufe of when a proper Word cannot be found 
to exprefs a thing* 

CtKUmpliCfttkm, a folding, rolling, or wind- 
ing about. 

CfcCttm*#Olat iMaW* (in Ajlron.) are fuch 
Stars as being pretty near the North-Pole, move 
round it $ and in our Latitude, never fet or go 
below the Horizon. 

CittttmpofiCtOK, a putting, or laying about : 
In the Art of Gardening, a kind of Laying, when 
the Mould is borne up to the Bough 5 which is to 
be taken off by an old Hat, Boot, or ftroog piece 
of old coarfe Cloth. 

CtrCUmpulGon > (in Philof.) the thrufting for- 
ward of Bodies, which are mov'd by thofe that lie 
round about them. 

CiWtmmatiOft, a wheeling about. 

To CtrCttmftttbe, to limit, bound, ofr flint. 
In Geometry, a Figure is faid To be Circwnfiribed, 
when either the Angles, Sides, pr Planes of the 
outward Figure, touch all the Angles of the Fi- 
gure that is inferibed or drawn within it. 

Cfattrrtfatptfan, the Aft of Circumscribing, 
In Phtlofophy, the Teravination, certain Limits, or 
Bounds of any Natural Body h and it is External, 
or Internal 

CtrCUmfcrfptfoU Cjtteinalj is otherwise termed 
Local, upon account of its being refer'd to- fhe 
Place within which any Body is confined : Thus 
a Body is faid To bt eircumfcribtd locally,- or To be 

Digitized by 


C I 

C I J 

in a Place circumfcriftively^ when it has a certain 
and determinate iJE, or Place with refpeft to the 
circum- ambientj or encompaffing Bodies. 

Cfattmfcrfpttotl Jtttetnal, is that which be- 
longs to the Effcnce and Quality of every Body, 
whereby it has a certain determinate Extention, 
Bounds and Figure. 

CtTCUmtpeC^ wary, wife, confiderate, pru- 

CtrCUmfpCCttOtt, Warinefs, Difcretion. 

CtrCttntftaitCe, 0". '*. ftanding about) a Quality 
that accompanies any thing j as Time, Place, &c. 

CitCUmftance^ that is under, or attended with 

Ctetttltttantfal, relating., or belonging to Cir- 

To Ctrcttmffantiate, to defcribe a Thing with 
its Circumftances. 

Deft tCCUmttantifiW, 0*. *. of the By-ftanders) 
a Law-Term, us'd for the number of Jurors fup- 
ply'dor made up out of thofe that are prefent, or 
Handing by, when any impannell'd do not appear, 
or appearing are challeng'd by either Party. 

Circutttbanatiati or Sfte lute of Cfttttm- 

DallatiOUj (in Fortlf.) is a Line, or Trench cut by 
the Befiegers, and bordered with a Parapet, or 
Breaft-work, encompaffing all their Camp, to de- 
fend it againft any Army that may attempt to re- 
lieve the Place, and (top Deferters. This Line is 
ufually about (even Foot deep, and twelve broad. 
See Conrravallation, 

CtettmDetfiait, a carrying about 

To Cittttnttoent, (i. *- as it were to come about 
one} to over reach, to cozen, or deceive. 

Cferittttttetttton,Over-reaching,Cheatijig 5 Coze : 
nage. Deceit. 

PaumtortUttOtt, a Rolling , Wheeling , or 
Turning about. 

Cittafl, (I^f,) a Circle, or Rundle, a Ring : 
Alfo a fort of large Building of a round, or oval 
Figure, rais'd by the ancient Romans, for Shews, 
Games, and publidk Exercifes 5 fome Ruins 'of 
which are ftill to be feen at Rome, Nifmes, and elfe- 
where : Alfo a kind of Hawk, or Bird of Prey 
caird a Cryer 5 the Falcon-gentle. 

£ftf0* a fort of crefted Lark, or a Bird which 
the French call Une Egrette. 

Cixm$> a Tuft, or Lock of Hair curled, a Curl, 
or Frizzle $ the Creft of Feathers on the Head of 
certain Birds, as the Lark, Crane, e>r. Among 
Herbalifts , Grri are taken for thofe fine Strings, 
or Hairs, by which fome Plants fatten themfelves, 
in order to their Support in creeping along $ as 
Ivy, ©V. 

ClrfOCelf> (Gr. in Surgery) a fwelling of the 
Veffels about the Tefticles, that prepare the Se- 
men $ fo that it fometimes appears like a third Te- 

Gftfb?, a crooked fwoln Vein, a kind of Swel- 
ling, when a Vein, by reafon of the Softnefs of 
its Coat, is ftretch'd out with much thick Blood, 
and looks as if it would burft. It is otherwife 
cali'd Varix. 

CtfiL a kind of Worm breeding in Corn 5 a 

Ctfalpfae Cattttttfc*, thofe Countries that are 
fituated on the hither fide of the Mountains cali'd 

CflTattfteimt0, a fort of With-wind, or Sow- 
bread, the Herb Briony, or Wild Vine. 

CifRtt#> a white and ftiining precious Stone, 
that has the Figure of Ivy Leaves all over it. 

CtflfttO, (in GeomJ the Name of a certain Curve, 
or crooked Line invented by Diocfis. 

Cttte0> the Herb Ivy, efpecially that which 
grows albne without a Stay. 

tfftWfCtor^tlW, an Order of Friers founded 

by Robert, Abbot O^eaux ^Fr^ k ^^SSSgi 

^itlleni, (Lat.) a Place r4 #^ 
keeping ot Rain- water; or a vetfe^maie^' tJHitf 
to hold a Stock of Water for HpuffldltfWftk * 
alfo one made of Silver, Copper, 6r othejrtecttli' 
to put Bottles, or Glaffes in. The Cfefnfda^bifii»i , 
QJiern is a portable Inftrument ip forra^^a ffife t ; 
into which Jellies, Creams, and other L%Wr% 
are put, in order to be iced. A J '"" * ™ oj 

Ctttop^OJtt^ an ancient Coin in V*lue f&ri^- £ 
what more than half of the Denarius^ arid ks^ttdr 
as three Oboli and a half, or two pence FartbmijL - l J n 

CtttWj a fhrabby Plant, of which th'cid'TireV 
two forts, one cali'd the Dog-rqfe, and the*<tA»er 
having on its Leaves about Midfummer a klnd'tf 
clammy fweet Dew, that ferves to make thcGf&in 
cali'd Ladanwn. 1 MtfiTfc 

CttSttfl* (&*/.) a Fort with four, five, Wtix 
Baftions, rais'd on the moft advantageous Cf6ufl8 
about a City, the better to defend it, 6x tcf ^0^' 
mand it in cafe of a Rebellion. ,r * T ■' 

CtotlOtl, (Lot.) a Citing, or Quoting. " fl 

To Cite, to alledge, or quote an Authority 'oiP 
Paflage in a Book $ alfo to lummon to* appear, be- 
fore an Ecclefiaftical Judge. '"".' 

CitftaW, (Gr.) a Harp, a Cittern, or Guittaf : 
Alfo the Dab, a Sea-fifh, fo calltf by reafoti of ct*> 
tain Lines, which reach from the top of the fflia^ 
to the Tail, and refemble the Strings of a MWfc- 
cal Inftrument. _ "" ' 

CltijeUj a Free-man, or Inhabitant of a\3w. 

CftcagO> C L ^ r O thc Herb Balm, or folfti- 
gentle. # " :i 

CtttlUnt, a Citron, or Lemmon : AlfoCitrtn- 
wood, or Oil of Citron, put amorig ClpatftsjW 
kill the Moths, or to perfume them. ' v 

Cttrfale, a Word us'd by 'Chaucer, for a Cittert^ 
'or Guittar. . 

[ Ctttfae or CftrOtt^Cottttt, the CoW oP» 
"Pomecitron, or Golden Colour , which thevW* 
mifts undertake to give tofofhe Metails/tcV^mtle 
them look like Gold, and call it theGr^A^ 
ral TtnBure. 

CitttoeHa* the Yellow-hamber, a 

CtttOII, a Kind of great Lemmonl 

Cittttl> a fort of Cucumber^ or Pumpkin of a 
Citron-colour. -•>.•■-•;. = ^* 1 

€ittU9> (Gr.) the Citron-tree, a kind of TVcef 
growing in Africa, the Wood of which was/£ttM 
rioufly grain'd, and highly vaju'd by ftfe ftowr^p, 
who made Tables, and inlaid their Doors /afld 
Beds with it : Alfo another fort that bears the Cr- ! 
tron, or great Lemmon. ,*«..»,<.> 

Cftg) a great walled Town ^ but it is 'mpri e« 
fpeciaUy apply 'd to a Town Corporate, \hzt bW; 
a Biftiop's-See, and a Cathedral Church. ^ r * 

Cfttflj f<5r J a Fault in the Appetite, as ^OTen 
Women long for things that are not fit t£w*&n, 
ten, as Lime, Coals, Shells, Sand, ©*. t the Greta' 
Sicknefs : Alfo the Longing of Womcu with 
Child 5 the fame as Pica. " ' iii:j ] 

ClttaML SeeGr^/. . ifffw J 

Ctttem, a kind of Mufical Inftruttoent. /; 

Citt08? 3 (Gr.) a Fault in Vines, wben Grapes' 
fall from the Clutters, and perifli. r • 

CtoW> a fort of wild Leels,Vwhofe Leaveai^ 
us'd for Sallet-furniture. x ' 7/ 1, , : - ,}n,;; -'"P 

Cttttt, a Perfome like tt fliadeof ^Hfi?^ 
ments or the Civet Cat - y alfo V kifii' t^^ 
Herb. In Ftv^fc Cookery; j( ctefy ' w a ,] jfift»ifar 
Way of dreffincr Chickens, . Hares, and otbftr iHfctf 
of Venifon, Wrtt frying thettWo^ftfl^^ftd 
afterwards ftewins them in Broth., -tint£g 

CftftT mW, ' (imong W k(*^/> f WN*r; 
land ma4e^f f Oak-bVandHe^;^Aeoffi^^ 

• d!."''' . < " » ilift 'Jill 10 <un£3o 3ffl 

BinL ; 

Digitized by 


ci; GL 

Grouild-oak, and given as a Reward tofuch as Jhad 
fcv'd a Citizen's Life in Battle, having defended 
iim, and fcill'd his Enemy, 
• Ctfefl, (Lot*) courteous kind, well-bred $ ho- 
neft, chafte : Alfo Political, belonging to the Ci- 
tizen*,' City, or State: alfo a Term oppos'd to 
Qrtminal and Ecclepafilcal. 

. &'tJK tt)apjf, (in 4jbn>*J contain juft twenty 
four Hours a-piece, reckon'd from twelve a Clock 
tt Noon, -or Night on one Day, to the fame time 
the next Day 5 in which fpace of Time the Equi- 
"noftial'niak'es one Daily Revolution on the Poles 
tf dkW<*H ~ See Days. ;. 

Cjdil^Xeat^ when a Perfon is cut off from 
Civil 4 Society, by being fentinc'd to perpetual Ba- 
iiiftinlent, to working in the Mines, or to the Gal- 
leys, ©*a • 

Cttfll ILato, is properly the peculiar Law of 
any Sffft^T Country, prCity: But it is generally 
takcp'fef a Body of Laws compos 'd out of the belt 
of th& %imU# and Grecian. Laws, which in the 
n|ain wasreceiv'd throughout all the Roman Do- 
Wimort6 fife above r^ofc Years,, and is ftiU obferv'd 
in feveral Parts of Europe. This Body of the Ci- 
vil Law is divided iflt** three Volumes * «t. the 
TanMeHs *W Dlgefts, *he £b<4f , and the Inftitutes 5 
and to fbefe are added the Autbenticks, or Con- 
-ftitttfcions of the Emperor Juftiman, otherwife 
calW Novella 5 all which fee in their proper 

«jftfl£ear, the Legal Year, appointed by e- 
*e*y Stale te be us'd .within its own Dominions, 
and fo call'd in Coniradiftinftion to the Natural 
Kar, v :w%ieh is exaSEly > ipeafiir'd by the. Resolu- 
tion of the Heavenly Bodies 3 Thus the Year 
witfrttt begins Mm*fc5* and always contains 30*5 
Oyil Days, except in Leap-year, when it has $66. 

Cftrtliau 5 * Doftor, Profeffor, or Student m the 
Civil Liw. 

Cfctlttf * Courtefy, Obllgingnefs, good Breed 

*m>ym m * m *pir—zrrzr m 

C 1 

E*o Cftttotf * to make civil, courteome, or traft- 
able ; to foften, or poiifh Manners. 

Tte^tetl, to fnap, ratfle, or m^ce a kind of 
fhrill Noife. 

To Clack WBlto% is to cut off the Sheep's Mark, 
which makes it weigh left, and yield lefs Cu- 

C&Clt'ft<0&0« See Barnacle. 

CbtttJV (in old Latin Records) a Wattle, or 

daiW, Challenge, or Demand : In a Law- 
fenfe, a Challenge of Intereft in any thing that is 
out 6f onefs PoflMbii 5 as Claim* bf Chafter, or 
Defcent, &c. 

To Claim, to lay Claim to, to Challenge. 

ffemW^Cfamp, a -fort of Shell-fiJh in fome 
Part of the iVeJi-Indies, which much refembles our 
Mufcl^, out is of a white Colour. 

Tdttembet^ to climb, or get up. 

dftftte* awmctenw i% ftfoere awtttiatttm, a 

Writ whereby the King commands the Jnftices 
Vyrt A to admit of one's Claim by Attorney, that 
is employed in the King's Servicer and* cannot 
come in his own Perfon, 
fc&mmeB; (old Word) ftarted witft Hunger. 

Clammy, gluifh, ftfekSng. 

C|am»J0ttS, (Lot.) fall of Glafnour, noify, • 

CiattWttt, No&, W*fy a loin* aid tumul- 
tuous Crv. ' . " - - -"*-' • 

To Clamittt, U make <* *Joifef tb cry out a- 
gainft. n " f% -*\ I ' ' : * 

Cftfttttft ; (in JoinerV'Wotk) a paWicukr maa4 
Ber of fcttmg Boirds one into another. Oampi 
in a Stop are thofe thWc^irabers ^hieh lie undet feke hold of Tree*, 
Ae^lSnTis of the firft Orlope, or uppermoft Deck* them, 
and bear them up at each End. 

land$ a$:C/<*» 

. ^EUto, a.Tribe* or Ftroiiy ,iju; 
Mdckduft, i. e. the Family of Afa 

ClawiOar, (x^^) priyy. fccret. -., « lu - t ^ 

ClaiU>eiJme > done jn private, or hugger-mug- 
ger, without the Knowledge of Parents, ^Tutors, 
or . Superiors, or contrary to the Prohibitions of 
the Law. * 

To (£1anff> to {bund as a Trumpet does. , 
dtp> a Crack, a Blow $ alfo a V^nereou^ or 

E:ky Difeafe. In Falconry, the fltth^r, jpart pf a 
wk's Beak is call'd the (Jap. 

Cfomttet and 3L0QtUlig*fllafe, a Device to catch 
Larks with, which is otherwife call'd D*rwg, or 

ClapboatD, a Board cut in order to make Casks 
or Veflels. 

CUppcr of COtttJW* a Place under Ground, 
where Kabbets or Coneys are bred. 

CIata> a^proper Name of Women, fignifying 
in Latin, clear, or bright. 

C JatC) a Town of Suffolk* which gave Name to 
the ancient Family of the Clares. 

ClatettCieUjr, the Title of the fecond King at 
Arms, appointed by KJngEJwardlV. upon the Deafh 
of his Brother George, Duke of Clarence : His Of- 
fice is to marfhal and*difpofe the Funerals of all 
Knights and Efquires throughout the Realm, on 
the South-fide of the River Trent. 

Claret, a Name generally given to the red 
Wines of France. 

«Jtcet^l»toe l fl«>fe, a fort of fair white Apple, 
that yields a plealant fharp Juice, whence it has 
its Name, and of which a rich vinous Liquor is 
made, excelling moft other Ciders, cfpeciaUy 
when niixt with iweet Apples. 

Clatetttttt) (in old Lot. Writers) a Liquor made 
of Wine and Honey, clarify'd by boiling 5 Witte, 
in which Spice, Sugar, and other Ingredients have 
teen infus'd for fome time 5 HiffocvM. 

ClariCOtflfif, a kind of Mufical Inftrument. 
' ClarificatWU > tJieAft of clarifying, its when 
Juices, or thick Liquors are made clearer, or finer, 
which is done by letting the Difcgs fink of them- 
f^lveis, or by Fermentation, or by putting in Vi- 
negar, the white of an Egg, or Milk, &>c. cither to 
force down the Dregs to the Bottom, or to gather 
them in a Scum on the Top. 

To Clarify, to make, or to grow clear, with 
cefpeft to Juices, Syrups, or other Liquors. 

ClatftatiO, (Lat. in the Roman Law) a Demand 
of Satisfeflion for an Injury done, as by Out-cry, 
and a proclaiming of War thereupon ; a Reprisal, 
or Letter of Mart, an Arreft, or Seizure of Per- 
fow or Goods. . 

€\*tUu> a kind of fhrill Trumpet: Alfo a 
Bearing in Heraldry, which represents the Figure 
of fuch an old fafttion'd Trumpet $ or as fome fay, 
the Rudder of a Ship ; or, according toothers, the 
Reft fot a Lance : Thus Ruby, three Gortons Topaz 
*re the Armaof the Earl of Bath, by the Name of 
Greenvile. * 

Clack. See CUr\. 

ClaciHattl)an, fin the Praflick of Scotland) the 
warranting of ftoln Cattle, or Goods. 

iltUrp, a Plant faid to be a Friend to the Eyes, 
and a Strengthens of the Back : Alfo a fort of 
ftrong- water made of that Herb. 

/To Cfa$j to make a oonfufed Noife, to beat a- 
gaMft % *to wrangle^ to difagree. 

CJaffo a fort of Buckle 5 alfo a kind of Ten- 
^*3, ytttmfc Shoat, of Sprig of a Tree. 

To Clafp > to buckle, to embrace. 

1 ClatpK^ (atndng Herbalifts) the twifted Liga- 

ments, or Threads, with which certain Shrubsand 

Jferbs, as Vines, Elriony, Cucumbers, Ivy, 8v. 

or Plants that grow about 


Digitized by 


— tr 
C L 

G L 

CltfcorCW** (i^O A Ewm in a School; 
alfo Rank, or Order. 

Claffical or C Wfck, *» * xtju .***% i. *. 

an approved Writer, one of good Credit and Au- 
thority in the School* 

To CUtter j to make a Noife, to chitttr, or 
prattle ; to difpute, 01 Wrangle. 

CI*U&> an old BritjA Word for a Ditch, 

CUttltftt, ( La *^ Auitung, or doling $. as tbc 

CtM&CJK #ttttfe*> '• « certain Mufcles that 
Jhut the Eye-lidsjbcing plac'd between the inner 
Membrane of that part and the Flcfhy Membrane, 
and Otherwife call'd Semi-circular. 

CUtt&ett, to Shut, or inclnfc* • to finifh, or con- 
clude : In fome ancient Deeds, to turn open Fields 
into Clofes, or Inclofure*. 

CUbetpmtal or CUrcfcjmUal, a kind of Mu- 
Steal Inllniment with Wire-ttrings, which fome 
take for the HarpStchord, or Virginals* 

CbtftV or ClaWt/ftafe, * fort * three-leav'd 

€U%t* Ittfitk, (£*. *. «. the Kcya of the 1- 
fland) a Term of Art us'd in the llle of Ma»> for 
thofe twelve Perfbns, to whom all doubtful and 
weighty Cafes are referv'd. 

CUtt*> (in old Records) a Mate, or Club 5 
as Serjeantia Claw*, i. c. the Sergeancy, or Serrice 
of the Clovcry, or Mace. 

CJatstnh, a little Key, or fmall Qub : Alfo 
the Tendril, or young Shoot of a Vine, with 
which it takes hold of every thing, and climbs up 
by it. 

CllKflrf?, (in A*at.) the Clavicles, of Chan- 
nel-bones, two fmall Bones which faften the 
Shoulder-bones, and Breaft-bone, as it were a Key, 
being fituated at the Bafis, or bottom of the Neck 
above the Bread, on each Side one* 

Clltrif, a Rev, a Lock, or Bolt : The Wotd 
is commonly us'd in En^UJby for the Exposition of 
a Cipher, or any fecret Writing. 

CtafcoU, a flip of a Tree, a Graft, a Ckm, or 
youn^ Set. 

Clattfe, an Article, or Conclusion, a ©articular 
Frovifo, or Condition made in a Contract, or put 
into afy Inftrument, or Deed. 

CltttfottOH*, certain Rolls prefcrv'd in the 
Ttmr of Lwufe*, and containing fuch Records as 
were committed to clofe Writs. 

CUofick or Cfatttfkf, (old Word) the CUw 
ficknefs, or Poot-rot in Sheep. 

CUuftttJ, {Lot.) belonging to a Cloifler. 

Ctiufttttt, (in ancient Deeds) Brulh-wood (or 
Hedges, or Fences. 

CitGftSttt fttgft, a Law-term, Signifying as 
much as an Aftion of Trefpafs, and fo call'd $ be- 
caufe in the Writ, fuch a one is fummon'd to an- 
te**, fi*** CUmfum frtyt % that is, why he did 
fuch a Trefpafs. 

Ciatttam 9a&fc> On old Statutes) the Utas, 
or eighth Day after £*fter f fo termed, becaufe it 
clofes that Fcftival. 

CJlOfor* $CT*, the Inclofure of a Hedge. 

Cli]mf t a Nail or Spike, a Pin or Wedge* 
alfo a Wart, or Corn in the Finger, or Toe * a 
tittle hard Swelling, in the Corner of the Eye : 
Alfo a brawny Swelling of the Foot, like the 
Head of a Nail, the Tame with /£/•' c Alfo a 
Pirn in the Eye-brow, which feems as if that part 
of the Head were bor*d thro' with an Awger, or 
WinffchK Dr. MsKm calls fuch a Pain on the 
top of the Head of Petfons troubled with Fita of 
the Mother, pavea Hjfierkt*. 

CfallM, (ill old Records) a Clofr, or fmall In* 


Cltpe (Ft.) a Hurdle of Rods wattled tqge-l 
ther: In Ftrtifcwkm, CUym ut Wattle* wmml 

r. 1 

of ftrong Stakes interwove*^* Q*^ ^ jther 
fmall Twigs, to cover Jjodpnents, with Earth 
hean'don rtiem: They ate alio Uid in Ditches that 
have been drain'd, and upon Marfhy QnptyOS; to 
make them firm and paflaWe. ; , t 4 L 

Cleat, fair, fine, fcund, pile : In ArAtk8tfti % 
the Infide-work 5 as A Ctofet m tbeClear. , - , 

To Cleat, to make clear : In the An of War, 
A* dfear the Trenches, is to beat out theff jthat 
guard thern^ with a vigorous Salley fiom tfcf£tj*c 
Befieged. , t . • 

€fc*t»ft£fetet>, that has a quick Sight j, ilfttiH 
is of a Sharp, ready Wit, or of a piercing Judg- 
ment and Forefight. , . \ 

Cleat CSiffon, a Term in Opick?. Sctnim. 

Cleat SSIalk, a Term that relates to Game* 
cocks, and fegmik* the Place that the Fighting* 
cock is in. .,, 

Cleat, (among Sea-men) a fmall Wedge, ml 
piece ot Wood faftrn'd on the Yard-arm* of 4 
Ship, to keep the Ropes from flipping «sf the 

Cleat**, a fort of Chopping-knifit us'd If 
Butchers, fl*. 

Clttfeftff & kind of Herb. 

Ctetl^e, (in Heraldry) a Term ua*d 
Ordinary is pierced through with the &me Figure, 
as He bears Gules a Saltier Cinbe, i. e. one pkre'd 
thro' wkh another. ■ 

CletMlk (O.) Keys: In An*tw*y % the Can- 
cles, or Channel-bones, join'd on cadi Side to 
the top of the Breaft* and to the Shoulder-Had*} 
the Neck-bone, or Tbrout-bofie. 

Cfcmt or CUrtUt*, a Twip, ot 9pmf «€f a 
Tree i a Shoot, or young Branch i Among ttris* 
tifls, it is more efpecially apply'd to Several fttfttS 
that are fall of Twigs, as the Vine, C«g> . , 

Clematw a)a»|wiHs, the Herb P»i4M|fr, 
good for Wounds, Bleeding at Not, LoofeqcSs, 
Bloody-flux, &c. • c 

CkriMKrt fWHftna, the faffipn-Flawer. 

CUmadttt, a fort of Birth-wort, an Berk 
whofe Leaves are like Ivy, growing ti* ihe Firlda, 
Vine- yards, Woods and hot Places. 

Cemrttep, (Lot.) Geotlenefs, Gtaciottfnefs, 

Clement, Mild, Gentle, Courteous ^ alio * 
proper Name of Men. r 

Cltmmtt0%WX. See hms ef Cbamny. 

Clemeittfttef , a part of the Body of the Canon* 
law, being certain Decretals, or Conftimtiona of 
Pope dement V. enafted in the Council of Viemm^ 
and added to the end of the third Volume, eaU'd 

Gknib*btlt* y (in a Ship) a fort of Iron^pins, 
clenched, or made Saft at the ends where they 
come through. 

Cltfc (*»rb Law-word) a Form dt €*&»> 
Libel, or Petition. h 

9 CIepe», (old Word) called, or named. 

Cltpft)!, (Gr.) an Inftrument anciently m$Jk 
u(e of to meafure Time, by the gentle nmnmgof 
Water through a narrow Paf&ge out of one Vcftet 
into another $ an Hour-glais. 

ClftgfM, aWordiu'dbyChwr* fiftftGkxk* 
or Clergy-man. 

Clerfp, the whole Bodj of Chutckmcw, dhst 
take upon them the MimftrytATunfrinnt tr AM* 
a Clerk's Appeal, or Plea to an lndiflment ± fat 
in old Times a Clugy— 1 bmxm rmniflrj of 
Felony before a Secular Jodgr* Isad Libert* to ^wf 
w c ^/» u c - *P P*y matM mijht he titvcs** 
to his Ordinary to dear himSeif : But; mm ill 
Men are aUow'd the 
nuilty of fuck Felony, 
ftr. Sec Bemefit of rtaOW|/. 

Digitized by 




~td the QteTgyr^ 
'* Writ directed ro the Bi 

;^^& th ^ a of a Cierk t0 a Benefice, 

*«^V^W»*;«\f* trVd and found for the Party 

Clprico capcojw ^tfttmttm .9emto>nm 1 err. 

WWrlt directed to the Hi (hop, for the Delivery 
°frF P crk " out of Pri'fon, that is in Cuftody, upon 
.^Ofe Breach of 'a-Stawfe-Merchant. 

Clerfco Cantftfo Commtib <0mlx in Defetf ti 

•'iDjMfiartt WibttanDo, &v. A Writ for the Deli- 
vering at a vierk to his Ordinary, that formerly 
rrvifted of Felony, by reafon his Ordinary 
r c?!cV Sot challenge him according to the Privileges 
of Clerks. rt 5 

-€fetifrrtnfra Macros flDjUineg ConSunto turn 

rttgtti&O itl 4DffttCltfm, is a Writ directed to the 
'Bailiffs, Bfe that have thrult a Bailiwick, or 

Beadlefhip upon one in Holy Orders, charging 

them to*releafe him again. 
CfertCUP, a Clerk, or a Clergy-man ; The 

WorW^fcsalftf feme time us'd for a Secular Pried, 
^s diftinguifh'd from a Religious, or Regular 

CIeriCtt0 &acefl>0tfe, a Parilh-GIerk, or inferi- 
or Affiitant to the Pneft, who formerly us'd to 
Mic an Oath of Fidelity from fuch a Servant. 

CUrk> a Title appropriated, i. To Clergy- 
men,. o+ Minifters* of the Church; and 2. To 
uch as by their Function, or Courfe of Life, ufe 
their Pen in, any Courts, or elfewhere 5 as tler{ 
•/ the Cro-iin, Clerk of the Rolls of Parliament, Cerkj of 
Q**n<rer? y and many others j which fee under thole 
refpeftive Articles- 

Vftfr &taittt, (Law term) is a Clerk who has 
™£ Clergy aliow'd him, having pray'd it after 
jmfgrncnt : And Clerk. (akviB, is one that prays his 
Clergy before Judgment. 

©enJmattCp, (GV.) a Sooth-faying, or Fortune- 
wHfiig by Lots, or the throwing of Dice. 

defect* that has the knack of doing, or devi- 
ling a thing, skilful, ingenious, neat-handed. 
Clet»> a bottom of Thread, Silk, 6v. 
Cle ID Of a Sail, (in Sea-language) i s the lower 
Urner or ;t, which reaches down to that part 
Wiere the Tackles and Sheet-ropes are madejait : 
fhys a Sail is faid Tq have a great Clew, when it 
comes soaring, or doping off b y degrees, and is 
broader at the Clew than the Earing, which is 
the end of the Bolt- rope in which the Sail isfow'd. 
- Xm a Shtf ftreads a great Clew when fhe has a ve- 
^ long Yard, and fo takes up much Canvas in her 
Sail 1 ?. 

CleteKBtornet, a Rope that is made fail to the 
Uew of the Sail, and from thence runs in a Block, 
or Pulley faften'd to the middle of the Main and 
Pore-yard 5 its ufe being to hale up the Clew of 
2^5 a ;Ul«ie tothe middle of the Yard, in order 
ttrity being Furled. 

Clewline, is the fame to the Top-fails, Top- 
gallant Sails and Sprit-fails, that the C/eu^arffet 
JMto the Mam and Fore-fail, and of the very fame 

^%'CGoumry.word) a Hurdle for Penning, 
• r ?oldmj* Sheep. 

Word com- 
Noife of a 

to €m Sraa tfo CTttkdacfc, a 

TWnlv made ufe of to exprefs the 

.^M^'thc Knocker »f a Door; but Chaucer 
' H&kSP }* lf ¥~ U «*&'n Clapper. 
jpttM^-Utootig.MMeO a tqx, when 
Jgrow of C^uIltioWr is ^ id To v to' fit Clhkn- 

'*SM>Jr f the Roma>t! > ™ 8 * Citizen 

let*- under me Protection of fome great 
JToiT'That account was ftil'd a Patron. 


The Word is now alfq uVd for a Perfon that re- 

ta '!i. S ,?J jl * yer ' or Jfro&wt r,) plead hisCaufo 

Cliff or Cliff, the Side, or Pitch of a Hill ; a 
cragged Mountain, or broken Rock on the Sea- 
coalts, 1 

Cliff or -jpaau, (in MifulQ is a certain Cha 
racier, or Mark, from the Seat of which the pro 
per Places of all the other Notes in any Song?w 
Leflon are difcover'd by the faid Notes 
from thence, according to the Scale of the Gam-ut, 
in which are contain'd three Septenaries ofLet- 

teFS ' r\ G ;, A L B ,- CD - E - F " "^ Seven Let 
ters of the Alphabet fet at thx beginning of every 
Kule and Space, ferve to exprefs as many C!ifs, or 
Keys : But of thefe four are only us'd, and gene 
ral y plac d at the beginning of the Staves ofev. 

Ty rru °2li^ lthet Vocal or Inftru "»enul, viz. 

Ihe firft call'd F-fa-ut, being only prop?r for 
the Bals, or loweft Part, and marked thus g 
The fecond is CfoLfa-ut, peculiar to the innerT 
or middle Parts, as the Tenor and Counter-tenor 
and known by this Mark g Phe third is G^o/-,v 
»<, which belongs only to the treble, or highoft 
lart, and , s thus mark'd on the lowermoQ Line 
but one ^ The fourth is nara'd the B-clif, or 
B-f+bfimiOiS,- and apply'd to all Parts indiffc 
rently - y ns Property being onlv to fliew, when 
Notes are to be- fung, or pk v *d Flat, and when 
S , h . ar F- Thc *■/*, or B-flat'is diftinguilVd by 
this Charader (b) and the 8->ni, or B ShaTpis 
thus exprefs'd # 

CKffijjD'iS^Bfnn. See Inm of Chancery. 
Cliitiattmcal, (Gr.) belonging to the Stew, or 
Rounds of a Ladder: As kan, i. e. 
certain. remarkable Years, whereby Man's Life 
gets up as it were to its appointed Period, and 
which are thought to be attended with fome not 
Change of Life, or Fortune: Thus every Serenth 
and Ninth lear is faid To be CtbnaStricaf, wherein 
if any Sicknefs, or Difafter happen, it is counted 
very dangerous, efpecislly the 63J, and 81/?, 
which are held moft hazardous of all, and term'd 
Grand Climaffericks. 

ClimaiC or ClimC, (in Ge^J) a Portion of the 
Earth contain'd between two Circles parallel to 
die Equator « in which Space counted from the 
beginning of one Climate, to that of another'next 
to it, there is half an Hour's difference in the 
length of the Day : And for. the diftinftion of 
I laces, and different Temperature of Air, accord 
mg to their Situation, the whole Globe is divided 
[ into 24 Northern, and as many Southern Climates; 
according to the faid Increafe of half an Hour in 
the longeft Summer-day. 

CUmatia*, a kind of Earthquake that move;, 
fide-long, and lays flat what is before it. 

CUmajr, a Ladder, the Step of a Ladder, a 
Stile : In Rhetorick , a Figure call'd Gradatio in 
Lam 1 $ a proceeding by degrees from one thing to 
another ; as Mars videt banc, vifamque cuM t potttur. 
que capita. Ovid. 
€Umet* or Climbers, a fort of Herb. 

CUmec of *Bitgfafo or tBtrginia^bp, a Shrub. 

CltnclJ, a fmart and witty Exprefllon. 

Ctod Of a Cable, (in Sea-affairs) that part o( 
a Cable which is feized, or made faft to theRin? 
of the Anchor. 

CliltCber, a witty, or ingenious Perfon that 
makes fmart Repartees : Alfo a fmall Ship, Bark, 
or Boat, whofe Planks are laid one over another. 

Cftnttar, (Sea-word) the flight Calking of a 
Veffel when foul Weather is e*pecled about the 
Harbour j which is done by driving a little 
Uakam into the Seams to keep out the Wa- 
ter,- ?.. .-.. 

..-.. ■ 



Digitized by 



To Cling, to ftick clofe to. 

Clfttgpj apt to cling, clammy. 

ClUUCes ( Gr - ) that Part oi Phyfick, which 
orders the Diet, and looks after the Cure of Bed- 
rid People. 

GlinitU*, a Phyfician that attends fuch Pa- 
tients * aifo a Bearer that carries the Dead to the 

To Clink* to ring, or founds as Metal does. 

Clinker, (old Word) a Key-hole. 

CifoofcW ftpOJlbptoj (fir. in Anat.) arc four 
Proceffes in the inlide of the Os Spbenoides, or 
Wedge-like Bone, forming a Cavity, or hollow 
Space call'd Sella Turcica, in the middle of that 
Bone in which the Glanduia Pituitaria is feated. 

CitltopoMm* the HerbPuliol-mountain, Horfe- 
time, or wild Bafil. 

Clfo* one of the Nine MuCk, faid to be the 
firlt Inventrefs of Hiftory and Heroick Poetry, for 
fettini* forth the Praife of renowfted Men. 

ClttOjfe, (irt Anat.) a Part in the Pudendum M*. 
liebre, about the bignefs of the Uvula, which is 
feated before, *nd whofe Subftance confiftsof two 
Spungy Bodies like thofe of the Penis : the end of 
it being likewife call'd its Pnebutium. 

€Um*> a kind of Herb. 
, Cloaca, (Lat.) the Kennel, Sink, or Common- 
ihore of a Town, by which all filthy things pafs $ 
a Wy-draught, a Jakes :>In old Records, the clofeft 
Ward, or naftieft part of a Prifon. 

CtoacattltS, the Keeper of a Jakes, an Office 
ift fome Religious Houfes imposed on an offending 
-Brother, or voluntarily choien by him, for an ex- 
ercifeof Humility and Mortification : and in fome 
©f our Engli/h Convents beyond the Seas, thisfweet 
Offerer is call'd Count of Holt. 

To ClOfttft, to furnifh, or cover with Cloaths, 
to drefs. Among Sea-men, a Maft is faid To be 
Ooathed, when the Sail is fo long as to reach down 
to u the Gratings of the Hatches, fo that no Wind 
can blow below the Sail 5 and they fay, A Ship 
fpreads much Cloth, when (he has broad Sails. 

Clock, a well known Inftrument, or Device to 
meafure time with , alfo a fort of Beetle, an In- 
ic«. See Dores. 

Ctoi**ait, a Term us*d in the Boilaries at 
Kantvneb, Droirxicb, &c. Signifying a Cake which 
flicks to the bottom of the Pan, and is taken oat 
once in 24 Hours, otherwife it would caufc the 
Salt to melt. 

Clom, (old Word) a Prifon, or Dungeon. 

Cfogg0, a fort of Pattens without Rings: Alfo 
pieces of Wood, or the like faften'd about the 
Necks, or Legs of Beatls, to keep them from run- 
ning away : Whence Clog is figuratively taken for 
any Load, Let, or Hind'rai>ce. 

Cloitttr* a Place in a Monaftery with Piazza's 
round it, or the Monaftery it felf. 

To ClOtUer Ufi to fhut, or pen up $ to confine 
in a Place. 

Cloff, th*t wherein any Goods arc put, for the 
convenience of Carriage 5 as Pepper into a Bag $ 
Butter, Soap, Pitch, c>r. in Barrels. Sec Tare. 

€}Qke> a well known Garment , in a figurative 
Senfe, a Blind, Colour, or Pretence. 

Cfofe, thick, near as Houfes are $ dark, hidden, 
referved : Among Hetalds, when any Bird is borne 
jn a Coat of Arms, with its Wings ftraight down 
about it, and in a (landing Pofture, it isexprefs'd 
by the Word Clofe; but if it be flying, or have 
its Win$s fpread out, 'tis call'd Volant. 

A Cteff, a Conclufion, End, or Ifluej alfo a 
piece of Ground hedged, or fenced about. 

ItiMulick., aCloff, is either the end of a Strain, 
or that Place in a Composition, where all the Parts 
meet before they end, which is mark'd with a 
Single Bar, and call'd an ImftrfeB Clofe : Or elfe 

G L 

the end of a Tune or Leffon mark'd thus m or 
thus Uf and termed a PerfeB Clofe. 

To CfoCtj to ftiut W4 to conclude, or end, to 
agree with - r alfo to heal up, or tend to healing, as 
a % Wound does. 

To ClO& an SCCOttttt* is to make an end of, or 
ftiut it up, by drawing a Line, &c. when no more 
is to be added. 

Clofct* a little Apartment in a Room : In He- 
taldry, the half of a Bar, or fmaller Fejp, which 
Bar ought to contain one fifth part of theEfcut- 
cheon, as the Feffe does the third. 

Clofetttng, private Confutations, or Intrigues 
of the Cabinet-Council of a Prince. 

Ctofo a Game forbidden by feveral Statutes, 
and now commonly call'd Ninepins. 

Cloft or jfattttWr* a Diftemper in the Feet of 
Cattle, which is occafion'd by fome Cold after a 
great Heat, or vehement Travel, and will fudden- 
ly fret or gall the Hoofs, &>c. 

ClOfcbtttt, a fort of Plant. 

To Cfottttj to curdle, or grow thick as Cream 
does, or Blood when it is cold. 

The ClOtUUf, a Mafs of Watery Particles, which 
are drawn or fent out of the Earth in Vapours, in- 
to the middle Region of the Air, and fall down 
again in Rain : It is alfo faid of any darkening of 
the Aif occafion'd by Smoak or Duft, rais'd by the 
trampling of vaft Numbers of Men or Beafts. 

ClOUWbttrp, a Plant that grows on Pe»dle-Htll 
in Lancajbire, and is fo call'd, as if it came out of 
the Clouds. 

ClOtejtf, the Fruit of a Tree, as big as the Lau- 
rel-tree, growing wild in the Molucca Glands in the 
Eaft-Indies ; The Bark of it is very much like Cin- 
namon, but taftes like the Clove it felf. 

ClOfte, is alfo a Term us'd in Weights, and 
with rclpeft to Wooil 7 Pounds make a Clove $ 
but in Effex eight Pounds of Cheefe and Butter 
go to the Clove, and 31 Cloves, or 256* Pounds to 
the Weight. In Suffolk., 4a of thofe Cloves, or 336* 
Pounds are aHowM to the Weight. 

Clatoe'Umgtte, a kind of Herb. 

ClOUet^grafo, the beft fort of Grafs, both for 
its great Incrcale, and upon account of its Excel- 
lency for Food of Cattle. 

ClOttgft* a Word ns'd in Doomsday-book for a 
Valley: Alfo the Draught or Allowance of two 
Pounds at every three Hundred Weight, for the 
turn of the Scale, that the Commodity may hold 
out when fold by Retail. 

Clofcm, a Country Fellow. 

CletimiQb Clown-like, ungenteel, coarfe, rude* 

CiOtetl&mttffAtD. See Charlock, 

To Clop> to fill, to give one his fill $ to fatis- 
fy, to glut. 

Cloptt, (in Gunnery) a Piece of Ordinance is 
(aid To be Cto^d or Po'tfonU, when any thing is 
got into the Touch-bole $ fo that the Priming* 
iron cannot make way for the Powder, in order to 
give Fire. See To Nail Cannon. 

Ctafrt or iita$ft^(9mongFarners)9L Term us'd 
when a Horfe is pricked with a Nail in Shooing. 

To Cluck* to cry as a Hen does in calling toge- 
ther her Chickens. 

ClttmpettOn, an old Word for a Clown. 

Cltttttfef, thick and ftiort, auk ward, unhandy. 

ClttttCl) or HJIetoCtoncb, a kind of Subftance 
found next the Coal upon finking the Coal-pits at 
Wednesbury in Staffordfhtre. 

Cilttlg* Stuck clofe together, withered as Fruits 
may be. 

To Cltttlg» to dry as Wood does, when laid up 
after it is cut. 

Clttnfack #<mk*»an Order of Friers firft found- 
ed by Beam Abbat of Cluny in Burgundy a Pro> 


Digitized by 




G O 

tic, when the Neck is f#elni and raW. ' 
rCltffyr*: - t a J>uncji pf Grapes, Figs* cty. aheap 

; U5 CUffccjV fiSt of Clofters. ' 

CttSta, (in" btd I**'* Records) clouted Shoes, 
Ho^fhoev or Stakes of Iron, with which Cart- 
wheels are mod, ' - 

CfrtarfutTt, a Smithy, or Forge, where fuch 
Iron-fhoes are made. 

: Tb CUtttfj, to clinch the Fift, to hold a thing 
frftt : - *■ . 

. Clutter, Throng or Crowd, Buftle or Stir, 
great Nbife. . • . 

Caption, (Gr.) a Surge 1 , * Billow, or Wave of 
tfce Sea 5 In a Medicinal Sen(e, a floating in the 

jjfflpiWtlM ortflftnttlOtt, ah Herewith a Stalk 
lij^ja Bean; Water-Vtony $ alfo Sope-wors, Tut- 
{suj^^pr Park-leaves. 

Ct ypeal Cartilage* SeeTtyW* 

a - CtypCtfC^tfltoj; (£«) a fort of Comet refem- 
btiog tbe^Figure of a Shield, the fame as Difcm 5 
whfeb Tee.' 

Ctjfma Vr tflpflttltf; (Ga) » Purgation, or 
Wami1ii» 5 a Ghlter. 

C2pffU#> (among Cbymifls) a long digefting and- 
uniting of btly Spirits, erpccialfy Mineral ones, 
at^jpitier' to make a ConipoundDr exaft Mixture 
of therii : f 'Sbtnettmes it is alfo niken for a Quirt- 
teflince/o? ah £Vr*a£tibn of tht more Subtil Parts 
; p^fftiy riant $ ibmerf mes* for a Medicine made of 
fj\oft a&jve and effectual Parts of any Ingre- 

it*; ,;i - ' -' ' ■' * ri v 

wlptttr, 4 Sllffer, or 'fluid Medicine convey cl 
into the Bow&r by tHfc Fundament. 

CtytO, a Trtl£'6f Honour^ arfciently givfen in 
jgng/pnd to the King's Sons, in the fame Senfc*s 
jhe Sd&ij W<kflVfeb*Wwas wM; ' . ' V J i » 

^itWB^X^.5 An fHferb call'd SWroA of ! the 
Garden, Baftard Saffron, or mode Saffron. 

Cn^^ lie ttinging N -ttle. ^ : > 

fc CttfjttlfK d* ftttfittfct*, * WoCd *s*d for a 
I nifej in tome old 1Mb* Records. 

€tmHaUi $ (&.) ah itching, or tickling 5 an 
Itch. * 

CnflfOjegmUs th* Heart-burning* a Tain in 
the Stomach. 

CftOttt&SHlf, otherwifecatl'd UttfltMrfke, a 
certain T)itch which Canute the Da v caus'd to be 
nude between Ramfiy and JVbittlefey, to abate 
the, Fdry of the Sea in thofe Parts* where, in a 
great Storm, his Sobs and Servants had like to 
,^vft been ifaft away : It was alfo c«UM SvtrJes* 
Jetf* becaufe it was marked out with their 

^jCotiettWtir, (£«*. in Pbihf.) to heap up 
together, to gather, or raife on Heaps. 
ClMCettMlte VUfUm* See Vacmm* 

ma -well known fort of Carriage j alfo 
l?^Mihber on board ar Flag (hip. 
t^CMttfdhlj CbrhtJuljfion, Constraint, Force. 
a; FriW helper, an Afllftant : In 
fryTa dfjjfifrVd'Clergy-mari, #Ko is join'd 
toaBilW to affift'him In birf Epifcopal Func- 
tiohsr and furf&&1ilm v by virtue of that Title. 

f CoafctttatfoHj a gathering, or joihirig toge- 
ther into one. 

Coaff mentation, 

mg togfr 

t atter " 

i* ** 

t *i,i 

Concrete or Solid, by laying 
or caufing its Meiftute to fly 

ToCoagttfcte, tocottgeiii to thicken, to car- 
die, or turn into Curds : In Cbymiftry, to give a 
Confidence to Liquids, by drawing out fome part 
of them into Vapoury over the Fire $ or eHe by 
mingling Liquors together that are of a different 

Nature. ' 4 " n '' 

Coagulation a coagulating, thieknmg, or 
curdling together; the ttfang-of Cheefe, or 
Butter t In a Chymical Senfe, the reducing of 
any Liquor to a thicker Subftance. 

Coapittm^ (£<*;) a Cuird, Rennet that turns 
Milk 5 whatever ferves to join things together t 
In Surgery, a krnd of curdled Subftance thatgrowa 
in the Cavity, or hollow of a disjointed Bone, and 
hinder* the fettmg of it m itt proper Place. 

To Coifct> to footh u^, to flatter, or fawn 

Coal^fftt, (in Husbandry) a parcel of Fire* wood, 
fee up for Sale, or U(e, containing,when it is burnt, 
the Quantity of a Load of Coals. 

Coal-mmtCe, a fort of Bird. 

Coalefcencc or CoriefcenCF, (in ft»f.) the ; 

thering together and uniting into (enfible Mat 
the fine finall Pirts that compofe any Cdhcctte, 
or Natural Body : In Swrpry f the Re-union, or 
growing together igairt of Parts before feparated, 
the clofing of a Wound, S^e, 

Coafftfon^ the fame as Coalefoence, a joining 
together ; as,' h wm debated bow to make a Comstim of 
Cmnfefs between them snd Scotland. 

Cotmtnp or Comtnfff at tfrtynt^ (in » 

Ship) are thofe Planks, or that Frame which rai- 
fes up the Hatches above Decks, and keeps the 
Water from running down there : In ahe(e Oam- 
inp % Loop-holes are ufually made for Muskets to 
fhoot out at, in order to clear the Deck of the E- 
nemy, when the Shin is boarded. 

Coarctation, (^^0 a ftraightening,or prefling 

CoatrfnrfartOtt, a jointing of Bones. 

Coatt, (frj) the Sea-fhore, a Country lying on 
the Sea. 

To COtft along, to 8ail along the S^a-coaft. 

In Httsbamby, Cc^Sftg, upon the tranfplanting 
of a Tree, is when the fame fide of the Tree is 
plac'd to the South^Eaft, fife, as formerly grew 
that Way where it ftood before. 

Coat, a Garment ; alfo a Cottage^ or Hut s 
Amon^ Anatomy it is taken for a Membra* 
nous, or skinny Cover of any part of the Body ; 
as the Coats ot the Eyes, Arteries, Veins, Nerves^ 

Coat0 f fin a Ship) are pieces of tarred Canvas 
put about the Mafhs at the Partners ; as alfo about 
the Pumps at the Decks, that no Water may 
down there ; and they are like wife Wd at tl 

Coat Of 4$afl, (among the indents) was a 
piece of Armour, made in form of a Shirt, and 
wrought over with many Iron-rings. 

Cob, a rich and covetous Wretdi 5 alfo a Fo- 
reign Coin, the fame with Psafter 5 which fee, 

Cob or &ta*C0b, a kind of Bird, 

Coltf, are alfo round Balls, or rdlets, with, 
which Fowls are ufually crammed. 

Cob trOH, dn Iron on which a Spit turns. 

Cobaltttm, (Gr.) a fort of Mineral of a black- 
ifh Colour and cauftkrk Qjwlity. 

CoWOH, a kind of Spurge ; an Herb. 

CaWtf^, theGroundel, a River fifh. 

&t* or CSQtrfar, (in ancient Writers) a Cogge, 
or little Boit. Sec Cbjgfr. 

S * £9* 

Digitized by 





1 €&C&&$lUt op CaCA0^J2ttt, an Indian Kut like 
an Almond * which is the principal Ingredient in 
the making of Chocolate. See Cacao* 

<£OCCtg*&» {Or.) a Mountain- Shrub, tb«,Roots 
of -wnica i^rve to dyq \Vooll of a Purple, Co- 

CWefmelea, a lort of Plum- tree. 
: CoCCOtftfAtlfU& the Grofs- beak ^ a Bird. 

COCCUS or COCCUS Uayljfat, the Berry with 
whicjv &» f lepclotli is dy'd in Grain. . f - 
'-.CttCFfffe ®^i n ^** r a kind' of grittly 
Bone joili'4 to the 0* Sacrum, and fo natn'di be- 
caufc its Shape is fomewhat like a Qtckpe's Bill : 
It confiftsi of three or four Bones, of which {he 
lower is ftill lefler than the upper, 'till the laft 
ends in a fmall Cartilage, or Griftle $ and it re- 
fcrnblesa little Tail turn'd inwards. 
> COCCpjTj the Cuckoe, a known Bird j alfo the 
Gurnard*, a Fiftij alfo the Rump, or utmoft end 
of the Back- bone, the fame with Os Caccygu. 
' CocfcnealbrCtttCbene&I* a coftly Grain, much 
,us'd in the. dying of Scarlet, which fome hold to 
be the Head, or Berry of an Indian Tree, that 
refembles the Holm-tree 5 other fay, 'tis made of 
certain little Worms, breeding in the Fruit of 
that Tree, 

CdCbetittPi a kind of Tribute, or Tax, in Ire- 
land. See Bonaght. 

COCfclfa, (X*r.) the Cqckle, a SheULfifh * the 
Sea-fnail, or Periwinkle * Alfo a Screw, one of 
the Six Mtchanick Powers, or Principle* 5 alfo a 
winding Stair-cafe : In Anatomy \ the Cavity, or 
Hollow of the inner part of the Ear, fo call'd from 
its Wmdtoga-and Turnings. 

Cocltffart* a Spoon $ alfo the lead Meafure of 
Liquid things $ a Spoonful. 

CocUlearfa, the Herb Spoon-worr, or Scurvy- 
. grafs. 

COC&, a well known Fowl, the mod manly and 
(lately of all others % Alfo the Pin of a Sun dial, 
of Gun,, the Needle of a Ballance, the Pec of a 
In a Clock or Watch, the 

to berca^y with his Gang, or Crew, to man the 
Boat upon all Occafiona. 

Cfttk'toeeO* a kind of Herb. 

CoCtU^romUj an Herb otherwife call'd Yellow 

Coctt&ltfftlk; is the Place where a Cock is bred, 
and to which uiually ho other Cock comes. 

Cockal, a fort of Play. 

Cockatrice*, a Serpent otherwife call'd a Bafi- 
/i^, bred, as tome fay, from a Cock's Egg. 

To CockCt, to dandle, to make much, or be o- 
ver-fond of. 

Cotket or Cokf t, a Seal belonging to the 
King's Cullom-houle ,: Alfo a Scroll of Parch- 
ment feal'd and delivered by the Officers of the 
Cuftom-feoufe to the Merchants, upon, the Entry 
of their Goods, as a Warrant that they are cu- 
ttomed. - . 

Cocke&lueaO, the fineftfottof Wheaten-bread ; 
one of the Terms us'd in the Statute of Bread and~ 
Ale, made 51 H. 3. the others being Wajkel-breai^ 
Bread of Treet y and Dread of Common W beat. 

Co&etttta lUlfia, fin old Latin Record^) 
Wooll duly enter'd at the Cuftom-houfe, and (jac- 
ketted, or allow'd to be tranfported. 

COCkettum or Caltemm, the Cuftom houfe, or 
Office, where Goods to be exported were f nter'd, 
and having paid Cuftoov had a.Cocket, or Certifi- 
cate of Difcharge. 

^Cftmg/Clotlj, (among Fowlers) a Device or 
Frame made of coarfe Canvas tanned, and two 
Sticks fet crofs-wifo to keep it out, with a Hole to 
look out of, and to put the Nozzle of a (hort Gun 
thro', for the Shooting of Pheafants, Gfc. 

Cackle, a kind of Shell fifh ; alfo a Weed other- 
wife cal I'd Corn-rofe, Darnel, and Fieid-nigelia. 

To Cockle, to pucker, wrinkle, or ihrink, as 
fome Cloth does. 

CocMe/ffairj*, (in ArcbiteB.) winding-Stairs. , 

Cockntp, a Nick-name commonly gi vett^ to one 
born and bred in the City of London : Alfo a 
fondling Child tenderly brought up and coc- 

Cotitrel, a young Cock bred for fighting. 
COCO* a Tree in_the Indies much re fern Wing a 

Water-pipe, Bfc. 

Cock, is the wrought Piece that covers the Ballance, ker'd. 

and in which the upper Pevet of the Ballance 


Among Sea-men, COtltf are little fquare pieces Date- tree, but the Trunk add Branches are a great 
of Brais, with Holes in them, put into the mid- 1 deal larger: Out of the Trunk iffues forth a 
die of great Wooden Shivers, to keep them from Sheath, as big as a Mart's Ajm, which being o- 
fplitting and galling by the Pin of the Block, or pen'd /hews a Clutter of fcoor ico Nuts, but above 
PuUey on which they turn. 1 13 or 14 feldom com* tp Pjrrfeftion r ,Wh*n the 

€ftCk/**ty00p, that is all upon the Spur, ftand- Nut is green, it contains a Glafs-full of Liquor fit 
ing upon high Terms $ alfo tranfported with Mirth to drink, the Confidence of which afterwards be* 

( comes like fwect Milk, or Cream 5 the Pulp of it 
hair-brained , giddy-fcrained , when ripe is pleafing to the Tattc, bat hard pf Di- 

Seftion. The outward Rind being black and 
ringy, is a Material for large Cables for Ships, 
ftronger than thofe of Hemp> and the inner Rind 
may be eaten 1 ike Artichokes. 

COCQtter, (&-) a Beau,, a Gallant, a generat 
Lover $ alio a wanton Girl that fpeaks fair to 6- 
veral Lovers at once. 

Ctwtewtm or Cattirotm* (&.) a fort of finall 

Figs that were brought from Syria. 

Codum, (Lot.) a Teething, or boiling 5 alfo a 
Digeftion of Meat in the Stomach. 

Cotttta or COCnltUlf, (in ancient Writers) a lit- 
tle Drinking-cup in fhape of a Boat} whence a 
Co&teo£ Brandy, or other Strong-waters. 

COCillUjJ Jfl&lae, an Indian Fruit, for bignefs 
and fhape.likc a J>nr>el-berry, the Powder of 
which is made ufe of to deftj-oy Lice. 

COB, a Husk, or Shale $ alfo a fort of Sea- 
fifh: Cods are alfo the Tefticles of a Man. 

CMMlMKB, (in Hnskutdry) Seed or Grain, con- 
tain'd in. Cods j asPeafe, Beans, 8v. 


and Jollity. 


rafh, heady. 

' CtlCk^featljtr^ (in Archery) that Feather of the 
Shaft, which Hands upright in due Nocking, and 
if it be not obferv'd, the other Feathers running 
on the Bow, will fpoil the Shot. 

Cocfuptt, a Place made for Cocks to fight in, 
being ttfually a Houfe,. or Hovel cover'd and built 
of a round Form, about which there are Seats for 
the Spectators of three Heights, or more, one a- 
bove another. , 

In a Man of War, the Cork-pit is a Place on 
the lower Floor or Deck behind the Main Cap- 
item, lying between the Platform, or Orlope, and 
the Stewards Room, where are Subdivifions or 
Petitions for the Purfer, the Surgeon and his 

CocfcTOaW, a fort of Net contriv'd chiefly for 
the taking of Wood-Cocks. 

Corit'tOClie*, a kind of Infeft. 

Cdrfftottll or Ceekf<m> an Officer in a. Ship, 
whofe Bufinefs it is to take care of the Cock-boat, 
Barge, or Shallop, with all its Furniture, and 

Digitized by 



«c o 

CoDHtremtlla, {p^Y the Wag-tail, a Bird. 

CoD£> the Second Volume of the CSvil-Law; 
containing the Ordinances and DEeterfottiattons of 
< 6 Emperors and then: Councils, with the Pleas 
and Anfwers of the ancient Latyyeip, all which 
the Emperor Jufi'mian collected together , and 
redue'd into one Code or Volume, divided into 
twelve Books. 

There is alfo another Volume calPd the ffty' 
OMfisn (Ctibty from the Emperor of that Name, 
which is of great ufe for explaining the former 
Code, and was heretofore of fuch Authority, that 
it was us'd for feveral hundred Years in the Weft- 
ern Parrs of Europe. 

CODCbCC^ a fort of French Hats. See CanJe- 

CoBejT, (£*'•) the Trunk, Stock, or Body of 
a Tree $ alfo a Volume, or Book, fo call'd, be- 
caufe Books were anciently made of Wood, or 
Bark, and the Leaves were almoft like thofe of 
our prefent Table-books $ whence one of the 
Vokmes of the Civil-Law is calPd the Cod*, by 
wav of Eminence. 

CotPtft, (Gr.) the tops of Poppies, . the chief 
Ingredient of the famous Syrup calPd Diaco- 

COoicil, (Lot. in the Chit-Law) a Supplement 
tp a Will or other Writing $ efpecially an Addi- 
tion to a Teftament, when any thing is omitted, 
which the Teftator would add, explain, alter, or 

Cfttrittfat, (Fa) Quiddeny, or Marmalate made 
of Quinces. 

Co&U'tt, a kind of Apple that is proper to be 
codled, or ftewed, and makes good Summer- 

'iQt* a Word us'd among Miners, for the little! 
Lodgment they make for themfeUes, under 
Ground, as they work lower and lower. 

Coefficient, (£*.) that makes, caufes, or brings, 
topafs, together with another; 

COCffiCtetltOf attp ffeitetating Vkm, (in Geo- 
metrical Fluxions") is the Quantity which arifes 
by dividing that Term by the generated Quan- 

In Algebra, CottftdtUttf are fuch Numbers as are 
fet before any Species or Letters, into which Let- 
ters they are fuppos'd to be Multiplied, and there- 
fore with thofe Letters, or the Quantities repre- 
fented by them, do make a Rectangle, or Pro- 
duct : Thus cab implies that the Quantity exprefs'd 
by ac is multiplied into the Coefficient r, and that 
out of thofe two the Produft cab is formed. 

Cdtia, (Gr.) the Belly, or Paunch: In Ana- 
tomy, a great Cavity, or hollow Space in the B<*- 
dy 1 as thofe of the Head, Breafi, and lower 

€<tliMk StCtttf, that which arifes from the 
Trunk of the Aorta, or great Artery, after it 
enters the Abdomen or lower Belly, and fpreads 
into two Branches, wt. the firft on the Right- 
hand, mm'd Gajbica Dextra, and the other on 
the Left-hand, by fome call'd Splenica, becaufe it 
goes towards the Spleen. 

Cotlfoct l^afltOII or afttfion, is a kirid of Flux, 
or Loofenefs, when the Meat either wholly chang'd, 
or only in part, is voided by Stool, without ma* 
king any Juke call'd Chyle : And this Dtftemper is 
alfo call'd Uenteria. 

Cceliad Wltiu, a Vein that runs into 'the- faff* 
fthntm tecum, or Blind-gut. 

Caloma, a hollow round Ulcer in the Tunica 
Cornea, or homy Coat of the Eye. 

Ca'Iopftrtalmtt*, hollow-eyed. 

Ccelttm, (Lat.) Heaven, the Firmament, the 
Weather 5 alfo a G raving- tool ^ In Anatomy, 

the Cavity, oif hallow of the' Eye towards the 
Corners , fome take it for the Palate or Roof of 
the Mouth. -' * ' J c' \J 

, CoemptiOtlv<^) a buying op of things : A*- 
fo a Solemnity- ^6f t he £0**** -Law, , whereby tbi 
Husband and Wiw fcdm'd to buy onef another $ by 
wliich means thejf ' hkd a Right to one another* 
Goods. r < ; ..''."'• » •' > 

Coequal, eqaal Me to anoflier, as Fellows and 
Partners are. • s - iJ , !-,:.-. • . 1 

Coercion, Reftraint, a keeping in Subjefiiop 
and good Order/ ft *■« *\ f - . * > 

CoCtCltie, th^t iidaj^aWeof reftrajning, or with- 
holding. l, -' u • . i . 

€ctmlt\im i a Word us'd by fome Cbymifis for 
the blew Ruft of Silver. ! 

COCfftntta!, that is of the iame JSffence. 

CoetaneOUf , being of the fame Age ; that live 
together at the feme Time, 'though of different 
Years. "-'• -*~ t - *• '- * « . 

CO eternal, that it from all Eternity wifh 
another. ■ \1 ZI < ' ;• *> 

Coejrfftfttf, liavmg a Being together at the 
fame time. v n 

Cofta, (in t>l*:£**/VRecorai0 v'JCti&r, Ckeft, 
or, Trunk. , 

Coffee, a wefl^Htf^Dri^^tt^df xBerry^ 
or Bean of the* fanid Name 5 which jjrows only 
in Arabia. : * V ' * .'-'-- -•' • ■ ' v, 

Coffer, (R) a Trunk, or Cheft^t fn Fortifics- 
tion, a hollow : Iftdgjbfcnt, ot TteJiick cut in die 
bottom of a drj' pitch, thtf Uptfefcfpart fading 
made of Joifta rdrs.^1 two Foot above theLeWI 
of the Moat/ and, having Hurdles laden with 
Earth for its cofverWg, fothit itfervis inftead df 
a Breaft-work i The" Bread A ?pfl ril^ Coffer is g- 
bout 1 j or 1 8 Fppti iHd the l)^pth rof 7 5 itsUfe 
being to fire oh the Befiegert f 'fWhm they- at- 
tempt to crofs the Ditch. , r »' 

The Coffet is bnl^diftin^ifh\|i% its; length 
from a Caponniere, which, i« ItkewHe fomewhat tai 
in Breadth 5 and it is alio taken fof ihe fame as 
C^iojf or Bom-cbeft: In Atchit&me^X&gef is the 
lovyermoft part of th<* Cornice." »' i 

Cofferet of Ae ftfn(T» ^wtflW»; a Principal 

Officer at Cdurt, t^ext under the Cfomiolkr, who 
in the Counting-houfoj or elfewhAov^ has a (pecial 
Charge over the other Officers of tht Houfhold 
for their good Dcmeatiour, Qfc. aftd pays them 
their Wages. , . r 

To COjf, to footlrupj orA»teip,' : to <iheat at 
Dice-play. ; '"■ ' 

Cig0, theTeahx)fa.Mill-wheel^lfoakind6f 
Boats us f d on the Rivers Oufe and Humber. 

Cof^tKUUkt, cectaui coarfe Cloa.ths, anciently 
made in the North of England! ' } - ' : v 

Cogent, (Lat.) prefling, enforcing, forcible. * 

COgga or Co ffgO, (in ancient Writers) a kind! 
of Ship, orSea-veflel. - * 

Coggfe or CO&ble, a Word us'd in fome of the 
Coalis of York-fiire and elfewhe*e fbrafmallfilh- 
ing-boat ' l - J 

CragpffCfa, (Gr.) a Tree having the property 
to lofe its Fruit, in the foft D6wn, or Cotton' 
which it bears; Venice Sumach, or Sijk Saimch. 

Cogitation, the Aft of Thinking, pr Thou; 
the Reflexion of the Mind : But the Carte) 
take it for whatever a Man experiences to him- 
felf, and of which he is confeious; as all the 0- 
perations of the Underftanding, Wift, Imagina- 
tion atid Senfes. . ' ; ' 

Cavitation, Kindled, Afflnitjr, Alliahce: Jit 
the Civil Law, the Line of .Parentage ,between 
Maid and Females, both defWndetf from thef 
fame Father. 


Digitized by 


c o 

Cognation*, the Name of aWrit, the Tame a* 
O/tMgt ; which fee. 


Coil, . NoUc* Clw^c* /W?^ $fe 


lonss to a parties 

HmJdry, it is the fame with. tbmjC'A which in 
«ny Achievement help* to matftul and fet off a 
Coat of Arms. In a Law-fenfe, an AcknowledgT 
«entof a Fine, or<*ofcflfc»n<* * .thing doner al- 
io an Audience, or hearing of a Matter Judict- 

%U io«tttt«Weof *WttL aPrir^ge Aat a dity 
*r Town Corporate *■*■** the King a Grant, to 

hold a Plea of all Conmcls, and of land within 
*he Bound* of the Fnmchife j fo that when any 

Man is impleaded upon fiich an Account at the 

King*. Court, the M*yo», or Bailiffs of fuch 

Fra&hifes may ask Cognifance : of the Plea, .. e. 

that the Matter btf-d^emined before them. 
COfitttfee or Canntrfee, the Ferfon to whom a 

Pine is acknowledged. • : • , l- 

COKttitOJ or COUttttfOfc he that acknowledges, 

orpaffea a Fi« of Lands, arTenemsnts to ano- 

* C^tlfctofto*lU&fcwlfo» See. #*<rpMrr-tnd 
to Interplead. " , «, . ' " T 

^flttii«owtais«timt«£aow, a Writ to a Ju- 

^i^^therPerfon, who has Bower to take 
i Fine, and having aftually taken acknowledg- 
ment thcnrof, dtfer* to cerofr it. in» the Cow* 
rf Comtao*»<*«, eequirwg hint to do it. 

Cognomen* * S*"""* » v Aon ?f- £u?£ 

lit wa? property the Name that diftinguifhd the 
, Lines of A PedigffF »»,. *« <«?* Raw t So^hen 
'tb Cud, TJh f#w(y o/fkC^a.w* of % Ju- 
lian Race, 3nli^ if the general Nanw<* the Rape, 
. and Oefar i* th*t of -the F*«nuy, . . , , . . . * 
. Cotfiwtou«» **btfo*phi«l Word for Know* 
ledge " « *«'-- % •" '»* "-'-^ iiJ 1 

CognoWti^ Vclongmg *o Knowledge r ** 

Tl* Coviofafive faulty. .v> # '< ''■""'. 

Cocru*ilU»tt» ■ See Lto.q^>. ;;.,,%. ^; r 

cially as a Man and his W«fc*d<*?* ,.., 

COfeetr, a jointiHenr with another- i 

f.^irfi another.' -> i . ,r. , , • 

iHJ To Cofcetfo to hang well together, %o agree, 
'to be all of apiece. „. ,. , 

- ColttWt oc«C0keten% £ flicking, or clea- 
ving together, an agreeing, or hanging toge- 
ther 5 &<* rf Proportion* , or Difcourfes that 
tave fome fcelatipn, a* Agreement one with ano- 

4H Sto*e«<m of fte »att*of »aittt, (in rt,ty.) i* 

that Qoality, ftom whence foever arifing, by 
j which Tthe Pirts of all Solid Bodies adhere, o* 
ftick clofe to one another. 

- ' ~ CofflHtfoFJ a retraining, x* keeping back. , 
'ToCt^iW^ ^ n Cbywjty) is to repeat the 

DiWllrtionot the (amc Liquor, after having 
pour'd it again , upon the Dregs, or Matter that 
remains in the V«flH. # 

CobObttiCUl, the Aft of $ohobatmg, a repeat- 
ed DiftiUation, which is ufualljf perfbnn'd to o- 
pen mixt Bod^ or to make : Spirits Volatile. : 

CO^DJty .(among the Romans) was the tenth 
jktt o£.a Legion,. 01; Regiment,, and contained five 
Hunditd Foot-S^diorV. ; ', 

CO^OJtatfDtt, an Exhorting, or Encouraging. , 

COlf, (ft"> 4 kii|d of Hqpd, orjCap^fer the, 

fytH*W<£tte CDff, a^rfe Wen "to ^eri 

rm of a,Ri»g i . the kypral qijylej lyihg wc 

of agrea*{Ju* 

ToC ' 
in form 

^iSScS tie 0ttt»,". Wng^^:^5^5 

the firft making choice of ^.p^t, ^ youngr BotW 
for any Service. T : ..,; j 

Coinage, the Coming, or Minting^ a* W[Wfy. : 
Alfo the Weighing and Stamping oTTin mef it 
is Gaftand Wrought ; whiph it oth^r^i^ written 

COtttctoettCr, (1^0 » falling, or meetftig \o- y 
gether j as Th^, ainciirw^; ty* tines. . ^ 
CoittCitient, falling out together, happemfljr at 

the fame time. -'jlikid. 

CofttDWatfalWl, (in the Art of PfcyftQ tf»Jta» 
which do nat indicate, or diicqvcr by th^Celve* 
alone, but tog/ether with other Things, TTirc&mj 

fiances, 6°^ help the Phyfician to form a^Jud^ 
uient about the Difeafe. , • t( . 

C01IIS or ©UlUeS, (in jirchnB.) the Corners qf 
WaUs. -, j4 f .. n .- -■ •,■." 

ttUftlCk C0mft Stones that ftick ;r ^ r <5f a 
WulU for new Buildings to be jom'd to Jit. n * 

£*M cir SittOitl^ (ip ,G*"*ltry) great wooden 
Wedges with a, little Handle a/ the end, for thp 
levelling, raifipg, <& lowering of a Piece of OSf- 
. dinancc at PleaXure. Alfo, certain fmajl Wedges, 
( or Pins us'd by Printers to fatten the wbole Cqj^ r 
fofure of Lettjcrs in the Chafej oi* Frame... -'^r. *~ 
COtml or Catttittff^OtnjEi; 'Cm a Ship) areltttle 
Jhort pieces, pf.^od, c^rwith^iharp fyggfr to 
lie between ;hc ; Qask;f, and keep, them ffS&jrci- 
liug one againft another. , " «... v - 1 

,-»tai!8il« C«lt* »U^, or Pme 3 ftavfs to 
^nake the.yasksfaft, and Jcoqx them rcomdomvfy 
or giving way. , 

utrCOtUt, (9)4 Word) ftrange. aD ^ 

COift or iluucelt, a kind ot Bird. r 

COiftWl, -(old Word) a young Lad. 
CoUiOlt,, properly an A^tembiingor ivieeqr^ to- 
gether j CanuC Copulation, or : ^ropaay^wjh a 
Woman : It is alfo fometimes taken for tKat pjHJ- 
^drawing Faculty, or Tendency toifajJ^-each 
ethe^, which is fom>d tjetween Iron an^.^f ^ma* 

Coitipttof *e #00^ % t$ $ ro %^i*g '*$* 

when the. Moon 2 - as ia ttie, ftnie 5ignarj4 Degree 

of the Za^wr^with theSun^, J 
€ni» or ^U0tt% . a fort ot Play., ; r , , f , 
Coke> (Country-word) Pft^oal, oj Sea-poal 

burnt or changed into the" ^Ktufc. , Jof ; u Q^ f - 

Coker, a Boat-man, or W^teqpan .; CoWare 
alfo a fort of Fifhermen's Boots. ., ..* ; 

CO***, a meer Fool, or Nin^y.r m h : 
Coket* Sec Offer. . / '..-.-f^V 

CokCttStfOft ( in old -Utia Records ) the Coq- 
ketting, or taking an account of Gopds fcrVe tranf- 
ported 5 in order to receive tbe du^^Cattpm^ and 
give the Ticket of Di (charge . * , : 

ColatiOn, a draining through a Strainer, or 
Sieve: In fbymijiry $ a.puttit^ o^Xhingt^nto 
any convenient Liquor, jj^d afi^rywir3js patting 'eqa 
thro' a Strainer of Liniff^L, f ,>. ..+ 
ColatOJtttm, a Strainer* r: 'See Crilriyp ^w 

diattoM. TLfcJ -iS* T 

CoUtUff, that Liguor f «$uc!h '^V^l^ing 

or infufiiia of any lngredyqfs jsjirai^thf-l^igh 
a Sje?e f Cl^>, or, wc^lleftj^ag, cail'd Mifficr* 
its' s Sleeve. . ¥ , n . 

CoICOtal, (in Chym/l/yS Ae dry red Le«, or 
feants at Law, from the Lawn-Coifthey wear o* Dregs that remain in the Retort after the JBiftillv 

teams aiww, uuni i^^w^.i «.v 7 ww». ^ «-- - --r- — -j- 
. fheir Heads under their Cap, when they are fir» |ti#n of vitnoU 
ireattdt and always after* ' I 


Digitized by 


c o 

c o 

COiCOtfy**, Vitriol calcin'd, or burnt a good 
while over a ftrongFirej which is effectual for 
ftanching Blood, when apply'd to a Wound, ©V. 

Cob/ one of the Qualities of Natural Bodies 
call'd Primary, which happens when the (mail and 
infenfible parts of a Body are come to fuch a State, 
as that they are more (lowly or faintly ftir'd a- 
bout than thofe of our Fingers or other Organs 
of Feeling. 

CofotUfS potential* See Potential Cbldnefs. 
CoIeorCale> a Country- word for Cole worts 5 
a known Plant. 

Coll* flatter. See Colly flover. 
CoitU or Cologne, one of the chief Cities of 
Germany y on the Kiver Rhine. 

CoienjteCaCtfc, a fort of Colour us'd in Paint- 

Cftlt&f* (Gr.) the baftard Tunney, a kind of 

CoUfaetW or CoUtbCCt* 9 (Law-Term) a middle 
Tort of Tenants between Servile and Free, or fuch 
as held their freedom of Tenure, upon condition 
of performing certain cuftomary Services for the 
Lord of the Nlanour : In the Civil Law, they who 
were made free together by their Patron or Lord 
at the farne time. 

ColtbU0> the Humming-Bird, a Bird in the 
Weji-lnJtes } fo call'd, becaufe in its Flight it makes 
a Noife lite /i Whirl-wind, tho* 'tis no bigger 
than a large Fly : It feeds on Dew, the Colours 
of its Feathers are admirable, and the Smell as 
Iweet-Grented as Musk, or Amber-greafe. 

CottCJ or CoItCe, (Gr.) Ac Gtlick, a Di- 

CollCkj a violent Pain in the Abdomen or Low- 
er Belly, that takes its Name from the Part chief- 
ly affettcd, wi. the Gut Colon, which is ftretch'd, 
i>rlck*d and gall'd by Winds or excrementitious 
Humours, either remaining within its Cavity, or 
clfe fticking to its very Coat. 

Colitettltt, (Lat.) a Name peculiar to a famous 
Amphitheatre built by the Emperor Vefpafian, the 
Remains of which are ftill to be feen at Rome. 
To CoII» to embrace about the Neck. 
CollapttB, fallen to decay, ruined 5 as A Collap- 

CoHa^ the upper part of a Doublet or Band : 
Alfo a kind of Harnefs made of Canvas and Lea- 
ther ftuff'd with Straw or Wooll, for a Draught 
or Gart-horfe : Alfo a Ring made of any Metal, 
to be put about the Neck of a Slave, Dog, &c. 

In a Ship, the Collar, is a Rope made faft a- 
bout her Beak-head, whereto a block or Pulley 
nam'd a Dead-man's Eye is fixt, into which the 
Main-day is faften'd : Alfo another Rope about 
the Main-maft Head, call'd the Collar or Garland, 
which is wound about there to fave the Shrowds 
from galling. 

CoQftt Of S> &> an Ornament for the Neck, 
belonging to the Knights of the Garter. 

To Colter, (in Wreftling) is to fix or hold on the 
Adverfary's Collar. 
CoHdf4ttp0 3 certain Feftival Days, on which 
* the Companions of the moft noble Order of the 
Garter appear with their Collars. 

Coltotajje, a Fine or Tax irtipos'd for the Col- 
lars worn by Wine-drawing Horfes. 

To Collate, to beftow a Spiritual Living, to 
compare or examine. 

To Collate or Collation a l&ook, (among 

Bookrfillers and Printers) is to examine the Signa- 
tures, or Letters of Direction at the bottom ot the 
Pages, fo as to find out, whether any Sheets or 
Leaves be wanting ot not : Alfo to conapare the 
Copy of a Book with tbe Original. 

Collateral* that hangs and depends on the 
Sides, or comes Side-ways * as The Cardinal and 
Collateral Winds. 

Collateral SDifceiit. See d#*»*. 

Collateral Relation*, are Brothel or Sifters 
Children, and thofe that defcend from them. 

Collateral .fceCCmtp, (JLaw-Term) that which 
is given over and above the Deed it (elf : Thus if 
a Man covenants with another,, and enters into a 
Bond for the Performance of his Covenants, the 
Bond is term'd Collateral Ajjitrance. 

Collation, a Collating, or Comparing : In a 
Logical Senfe, a comparing of one thitig well with 
another : It is alfo commonly taken for an Enter- 
tainment or Banquet between Meals j a handfome 

Conation of a Benefice, the bellowing of a 

Church-Living by a Bifhop, who has it in hit 
own Gift or ratronage j whereas Injlitut'ton into 
a Benefice, is jperform'd by the Bifhop at the Mo- 
tion, or Presentation of another, wno is Patron 
of the Place, or has the Patron's Right for the 

Collation Of deal?* (in ancient Deeds) when 
one Seal was fet on the Reverfe, or Back of ano- 
ther upon the fame Ribbon, or Label. 

To Collation* See To Collate. 

CoHattone facta tttti poft tnoitem altering, * 

Writ directed to the Juftices of the Common- 
Pleas, enjovning them to fend out their Writ to 
a Bifhop, for the admitting a Clerk in the Place 
of another, prefented by the King, who dy'd 
during the Suit between the King and the Bifhop's 

Caliatfone fcetemttajfo a WrU by which the 

King us'd to confer the keeping of an Htermitage 
upon a Clerk. 

Collatitmm, (among the Romans) a Sacrifice 
made from the Offerings of (everal rerfo'nfc, or an 
unanimous Contribution of th? People towards 
the carrying on of any Publick Work: Alio a 
Subfidy, or Royal Aid. 

Colleague, a Fellow, Companion, or Copartner 
in an Office 5 a Joint-Commiffioner, a Partner in 
anyCharge, or Bufinefs. 

Collect* a fhort Prayer, particularly luch as 
thofe that are appointed with the Epiftles and 
Gofpels, for certain Days in the Publick Service 
of the Church of England. 

To Collect, to gather, to pick up $ to levy, or 
raife Taxej. 

CoUetfaneOttff* gathered and (craped up toge- 
ther, pickt up out of divers Works. 

Collection, the AS of Colieainft or Gather- 
ing, a Compiling. In Logick, a Cbnclufion, or 

ColfeltiOll Of JLig^t, (in Aftrol.) is when two 
principal Stgnijicators do not behold each other, 
but both caft their feveral Afpe£b to a more 
weighty Planet than themfelves, whom they 
both receive in fome of their Eflential Dignities : 
So that the Planet which thus collefts both their 
Lights, iignifies the accomplifhine of a Bufinefs 
in Hand between two Perfons by the Mediation of 
a third. 

CoitatftfOtt*, gathered up of all forts, pickt up 
and down. 

Coflembe, that relates to gathering, apt to ga- 
ther, comprehenfi've : In Grammar , a Collective* 
Noun, is a Word that comprehends many Perlona, 
or Things in the Singular Number j ai A Multitude^ 
a Company, a Troops oCC. 

College, a Name anciently given to certain So- 
cieties, Corporations, or Companies of Work- 
men, Trades-men, and other Callings, Chichi 


Digitized by 




iwersifillft founded b# Jt^tma PontptliM, the Second 
King of Rome, and had their refpeftive Patrotfs 
and Governors : the Word is ftill us'4 for a Com- 
pany^ or Society o£ thofe that are of the fame Pro- 
teflton, efpecially Students in -an Univerfity ; the 
Places, orPublick Buildings where they live To- 
gether, are aUTo-call'd Colleges. 

Cfllkge Of ^€CalD0* See Heralds College. 
£*U£ge of ptjpficianS, I noted Corporation of 
Phyficians, wno, oy virtue of feveral Charters 
and A3* fcf Parliameiatf have certain Privileges, as 
to furvey and govern ail thofe that praftiie Phy- 
fick in London, or within feven Miles round about $ 
alfo to fine and imprifon any Offenders at Difcre- 
tion, to make By-laws, to purchafe Lands, ©V. 
Thi» College confifts of a Prefident, 4 Cenfors, 
1 2 Electors, and 80 Fellows. 

CtfUtfet or CoIICeiatej a Member, Fellow, or 
Student of a Collegfc. 

CoHegfete C|)tet^ .a Church buiU and en- 
dow d for a Society, or Body Corporate of a 
Dean; or other Prefident, and feveral Canons, or 
Prebendaries j as thofe of PTeftminfter, Windfrr, 
Rippon, &C. ' ' ; 

Collet?, a Store?boufe of Coals.. 
"Colltt or JBejfl, that part of a Ring in which 
the Stone is fet. ' "^ 

Cllttttlf * (** r -) Medicines tliat are of a gli* 
ing, or clofing Faculty, which ferve to feftert the 
Parts, a^d mate theifc firm. ' C "; J * 

Cftllfti% ( ,jL *). Gutter-tiles, Wirer-fitrrows, 
Gutters^. or Drains in Fields $ Pipes, <or Troughs 
to cdnvcy Water :^ In Anatomy, the joining of thfe 
PunBa LacbrymaKa Into one Paflage on both Sides, 
for conveying the Moifture of the Eye into the 
Cavity, . or Hollow of the Noftrils. 

Confer* one that works, or deals in Coals. * - ; 
Cofltytttnjl #W>#0, a burning Fever, whfch 
by inV excefiive Heat is faid fuddenly tb fflelt the 
Fat, FWfh, and Subftance of the folid Parts of 
the Patient's Body $ nay it fometimes diffolves the 
very Blood in tne Veins, as fome ftyV and dif- 
charges it by Sweat, Urine, or Stool, &c . ' ' 

ColItqttattO, i Chymical Word for melted : 
Thus 'tis faid, Silvef and Lead' being colliquated 
over a ftrong Fire, will mingle perlhthiiffta, 'u c. 
unite thoroughly together. 

CoHfottMHW, a tiiflfclving, or melting of Me- 
tals, cry s alfo a kind of dangerous Flux, or Scour- 
ing. ' 
CofltffaU, (in Pbilof.) a knocking, dafhirig, or 


rubbing together df tw6 Bodies wtttt Violent 

ComttapUtt or ColliScfO(mmC in the Praflick 
off Scotland) i Pillory, or a pair of Stocks. ' 

CaUuCatl'Ottj a placing, letting, or difpofing in 
Order* • 
. CoHOCiL an old Word for a Pail. 

To CollOfftte, to decoy with fair Words, to 
flatter or (both up, to fawn upon. 

CftBop, a Cut, or Slice of Meat. 

CrttoqiiPj (£*.) a feigned Conference, Dif- 
courfe, or Talking together of feveral Perfons, as 
Erafmut's Colloquies. 

VEoUtUtatfot!, a Wtcftling, or Struggling, t&ge- 

4 »»imrr^-):^Necki f the^«g. * f ^~ 
C0fl*m tatetf» the Neck of the Womb. u ^ A 
CiltatfD > the little Lamr,'a kind of BrWc$ 
biitfe^ takfc it for aTteld-fare, 

CoIlUCpHj a' juggliiig, or playing Booty; a 
huntih£<vith tWHodtrf, and 4 running with the 
Hair 4 in coipmon Law, % deceitful Compaft,. 0? 
Affrdmeat tfettoedn Several' 1 Rrties, r for one 'to 
bringi & ^c^ofti %Jtf5nft the ! dther, (Sr fooftr vvi* 
PuiWfci WW defyjl a hhUA Terfeii of-'fiis 
RigHt, air..'.V..-«*r- 1 .* - ; ■=- ^ ■ - . "• • 4 

ColUtttO> /(Xftr*)" »"waJhinga!fli6.rt»o Mputh, ^o 
clean, or fatten bad or loofaRmbijtv&e&mt 
Oteis from Ulo^r^ 8^r. vm!m^« ^ iit ly^ 

Calip> thfe Black thsr£i&&<o*itfee outtiidc :#f 
a Pot, or Kettle. '-v ^oj"{ -: ^;Hj m^b 

To Coll?, to diwb with QsA&% t&£m\Mt\$>&- 
mong Falconers, a Hawk is^faid.Ta. f^ly t ^Amtt 
Ihe itretches out her Neck £bratgb*ferwank 1 ) » % 

Coflp^JflOtoer* thefineftfarcof Obb«gfc-Blad^ 
that well deferves a Place in tbc Kite jicmGafien. 

ColIpUffa of CiUpWOe^ /G^.) a Bank^qr 
Money- Changer : one that pays Bills o? «Blf- 
change. * - M • ^w S^ 

CoIIptittm! any liquid Medtcine' defigfcr* to 
cure Diieales in the Eyes : Itwaa alfo antai^itly 
taken for a Tent to drete Fiftula^a with 5 * Brffflb]^ 
or Suppofitory. ! T»* ^ 

ColObiUtn > a kind of fhort Coat reaching Icfikbe 
Knees, a Jacket, or Jerkin without Blefcrfc yVs'd 
by the ancient Romans, as alfo by Monkfi and Her- 
mits. -••'.*- v V nil 

CoIobOtm^ a growing together of theLip%.8^ 

lids, or Noftrils, or a preternatural ftickh^of tttr 
Ears to the Head, &>c . s ' t ^?tfl> 

ColOCdSa f the Egyptian Bean, which us'd*"* 

bear fuch great Leaves, that Pots and(^##ere 

often made of them, v • •«'*! K> 

ColOCpiltifc, a kind of wife* GdBf« f ffllr|ln9 

Phlegm, the Apple, or Fruit of which \$ caK^f 

Colotpuntida. ' * * ; .^V^5 

Coloietfl* Seett/t^. •*, ^w 

Colomrftnim, the Herb 'Dog-bane, br Wfe» 
bane. A'Q 

ColOU, a Member of the Body, ^tffW&lN&hi 
Foot, or Arm: In Orammar, km middle rdfcift 
of Diftinftion, between a <Sofnma, br lUfcojkaft 
Reft in a Sentence, and i ^^rf, Or -full BtotfL^ 
which is generally maftedihus ft)' ' >^^' 

in^^ro^y, CM0!t, « one bt the'tUcVGI^ 
ind the largeft of all y being lltonf ei«fct oif ' *rrt# 
Hands-breadths long, and full of fittle CHI^ 
t^hich are fometlmei ftuflPd with Wiflfl «a«fcdr 
Matters that caufe the Pains of the Cholitl^ ^+y * 
CoIOtiefj the Command^ id, chief of tlQfei- 
ment of Horfe, Dragoons, or Foot> mEtt^id^ 
but in France and Spain, the Colonels oF'jHf^rfd 
are call'd Majlers de Camp. ' >/4£*fr*>* 

Colottf, C 1 ^) a PHnrarion, ^C^fefcvof 
People remov'd from ofte ^Country SJr'GijrWaj 
nother, with an Allowance of Land for TOlage, 
fifr. Alfo the Place where* they' afe ^fffflW^if&d 
thrive. ' ^ : : i, ^uw> 

Colop^Onta, theHerb^wwiiy, focalljif^M 
Colopbon a City of /o»/V. Alttonfl lfymW;'*VkLt 
Caput mortuum, or grots Subffiihce 6f Tir* 
the more liquid part beftfg ^liftilled in — 
whicli is of good Ufe inmfifcfng'iSalve'i finer*! 
ing Plaifters. t "'" ' V 

Crtofllfonfa Uefiua, i ldjricVof Rbftti tTfttSiE 

out of the Pine tree. " l : ' " ' ! ' l . 

CotOQnfntdm, the Fruit, of a wild Q^urcf 6P 
a very bitter Taite. ' * ■ ' v f ■ "' * ** 

€wn&tiQtl> tUt.) a^Cblbirfing^ ^^Jw^ 
the brighrnirig of Gold,' or Silte^ ^Htti 4 ittt r fflg 
ly'd by any fulphureous Vapour. x • /' *"** 

cowgorCBidmi^ KWtv&teWf'i 

gious Size, as that df ^ff6, M olHthV Stfh I 
Harbour 'of *Bdet, ^fer^cttb^^lhe 
Wonders of the World. » WIW u Vb : *«U " 
^5 FootWgfrf ft that^blttSt'cl^ttfl 
between its^tm Thfs &StaW ; 
hrown Ry- t ^ i Efc^tefcc v ^«»/-W! 
let up, Having taken up 12 'id the BWiTq 
joo'GiMffl ^felddde^WiPA^W^ 

CeSotttaifei' (**.)■ a Difeafe^ 


Digitized by 


c o 

c o 


oiks lucking the Dam's Milk, within two 
f Jays afcer tUe Birth. 

CoidUS, a Quality belonging to Natural Bodies 
tli -it are i.ud to be fo and fo coloured 4 or an Acci- 
dent that happens to them by the Rcfleclion of 
Light: Alfo Complexion or Looks, Pretence or 
Snew. In x^a^fenfe, a probable Plea, but really 
f ;lfe pat in with an intent to draw theTryalof the 
C ufe from the Jury to the Judges. 

CttlaHlCB, the Standard, Enfign, or Banner of 
a Company of Soldiers : In Sea- affairs, the Enfigns 
plac'd on the Sterns or Poops of Ships, to fliew 
of w ; nr Part *>nd Country they are. 

CoI?UC.S © "plMtfcal. S-e Emfhaiical. 

CclOUD of iaDfficf, (Laiv-phrafe) an evil or un- 
jufl: Act. Hone by the Countenance of an Office. 

To Col0U", to give a Colour, to cloke or ex- 
cufe, to bl .Hi. 

To <fcoldat Sttatlgets; <2500BS, if when a Free- 
man or Dentfon permits a Foreigner to enter 
Goods at the Cuftom-houfe in his Name , by 
which means the latter pays but fingleDuty, when 
he on ah t to pay double. 

ColOUtable, plaufible, fair 3 as A Colourable Pre- 
ttnc . 

Colpartarluje*, (in old Latin Records) to lop, 
or t«; Free*. 

^To T patwra or Cnlpatnta, the cutting or lop- 
pfn« ' r Trees ^ a Trcipafs within the Foreft. 

Coliiida/ Simplars, or young Poles in a Wood, 
wh c , b *ing cut down,' make Leavers, or Lifters, 
fuch as in lf r arv:ick.Jhire are call'd Colpices to this 

Colpfnliact or CottDECb, (in the Praftick of 
Scotia*-*) a young Cow, or Heifer. 
, Colpos, (>0 that part of the Paps which has 
the Milk in it 5 the Bofom. 

ColC, a young Horfe, Mare, or Afs. 

CofcCtjif, a Difeafe in Horfes or Geldings* 
be* 11^ a preternatural Swelling of the Pizzle and 

Crftfefoot, an Herb good for Di (tempers of the 

Lu'l£s, fife, 

%ftlltbtv> ('of.) the Snake, or Adder $ a Ser- 
pen t . 

CoTubjina, the Herb Briony, or white Vine. 

CoUlutba, a Dove, or Pidgeon. 

f Columliatp, a Dove-houfe,or Pidgeon-houfe. 

CoUlaibMia, {Lot,) an Herb call'd oafe, or flat 

<Columl)tne> a Plant which bears a pretty Flow- 
er ol feveral Colours j as blue, white, purple and 

CottmteHaj (Lat.) a little Pillar: In Anatomy,* 
frrull piece of Fie (h in the Roof of the Mouth 
oth -rw-Ce call'd Uvula, or the fwellin? of it. 

Column, (in Arcbitehl.) a round Pillar to bear 
up, or beautify a Building, or elfe rais'd by it 
felf to ferve for a Monument to Pofterity, or for 
fome other Ornamental ufe : In a proper and 
Ariel Senfe, 'tis that long round Cylinder or part 
of a Pillar, which is call'd the Shaft or Trunk, 
and contains the Body of it from the Spire to 
the Bafc, or from the Aftragal of the Bafe to the 

hi the Art of War, it is the long File, or Row of 
Troops, or of the B*f>aage ofan Army on its 

March: SLbus to maccfHn a Column, is to 

march a great Depth, or in a long File, inftead 
of making a large Front : An Army marches 
in one, two, three, or more Columns, according 
as the Ground will allow, and the General fees it 
IH'-ft expedient. . 

Among Printers, ColltttTTT, is taken for half a 
?y«*t when divided into two equal Parts, by a 
Rule or Lfrrr mffing through 'the middle, from 
the top to the bottom. | 

Colttmua. (Lat.) a Column, a round Pillar or 

Columtia igdll, (in Anat.) the flefhy paft of 
the Nofc, jutting but in the middle near the up- 
per. Lip. 

Cfliumna £>;&, the LW*, or little peice of 
red Fiefh in the Palate of the Mouth. 

CoiUtntbe COJDfe, the Mufcles and Tendons by 
which the Vtmndes and Auricles of the Heart are 
ftraiten'd arid widen'd. 

Columns Remits or ^ixtoxWsll&il\m> two 

Mountains oppofite one to another, at me Mouth 
of the Straight of Gibraltar, one anciently call'd 
Calpe, near CaJit, and the other Abyla, near Out a : 
Thefe Pillars are faid to have been fet up by Her- 
cules, to ferve for Limits of his Exploits, and the 
Boundaries of the Weflern World. 

ColltrW, ( Gr. in Ajiron. ) are two great Cir- 
cles, which paffingthro* the Poles of the World, 
and the four principal Points of the Zodiac^, mu- 
tually cut one another, and divide the Globe into 
equal Parts 5 fo as to {hew the four Chief Points 
ot the Zodiac^, to which the Sun coming, diftirt- 
guifhes each Quarter of the Year. Thus, 

The COIUCC Of tfce ©lUtttOjres, paffing through 
the North and South- Poles, with the firii Degrees 
of Aius and Libra, makes the Sea fans of Spring 
and Autumn, and is fo call'd, becaufe it marks the 
Equinoctial Points on the Ecliptic^. 

The Colutf Of ttje ^Olfffceflf, likewife fliewing 
the Solftitial Points, cuts^ the beginning of Cancer 
and Capricam , in order to make Summer and 
Winter: Thcfe Circles take Name from their 
being as it were maimed in the Tail, becaufe they 
appear imperfect to all thofe Inhabitants of the 
World that do not live under the Equinoctial 

CoIU0> ( a Diftaff or Rock, a Whorl* 
Alfo a Beall of a whitifli Colour, that has a Head 
like a Hog, and drinks in Water thro* the No> 

ColU0 ruOttCa^ wild baftard Saffron, an Herb* 

CoItltCa* (Gr.) a kind of Tree that grows 
much in France 5 Hather, or Trifoty-trce" j alfo 
a Tree that bears Bladder-nuts, baftard Senna. 

Colpmba&e*, pickled Olives ft> light that they 
fwim in the Pickle. 

CoIpUtbtt* major, the great Arfe-foot, Didap- 
per, or Douker $ a Water fowl : Cofytnhus minor, 
the Dab-chick, call'd in Cornwall, the diving 

Coma or Coma Somrtolentttm, a deep Sleep, 

lefs than a Lethargy and without a Fever, where- 
in the Patient being a\vaken*d, anfwers to any 
Queftions that are ask*d, but falls into a profound 
Sleep again, with his Mouth open, and his under 
Jaw fallen. 

Coma Cltgtl, waking Drowfinefs, a Difeafe Ih 
which the Patient is continually inclin'd to fteep, 
but can fcarce do fo j being troubled with a great 
Drowfinefs in the Head, a Stupidity in all tfaeSen- 
fes and Faculties, and often with a Delirium, or 

Comai'u^ the Wilding, or Crab-tree. 

CotnU, a well known Inftrument. td ctexnfe 
Hair : In a Skip, a fmall piece of Timber fet un- 
der the Lower part of the Beak-head, and near 
the middle, with two Holes in it, to bring the 
Ropes callM Fore-tacks aboard : Alfo a certain 
Meafuue containing four Bufhels. 

CO Hill or ComOe, (&*.) a Valley, or low 
Plain^jetween two Hills, or a Hill between Val- 
leys: "The Word is ftill usM in Dexanfhire and 
Cornwall 3 and marty Places in feveral Parts of Eng- 
land have taken Name from their Situation in fuch 
adw#5 ds Otmptori, Combwett, Svan-rtmb, &c. 

T $$m* 

Digitized by 


COttlba or Cttmba tZWz> (in old Charters) a 
low piece of Ground. 

Combarott£0> (old Lav-term) the Fellow- Ba- 
rons, or Commonalty of the Cinque- Ports : But 
Comharon is now taken for a Fellow-Member, as The 
-, Baron and \m Comharon. 

Combatant, {Fr.) a Champion, or Fighting 
Man : in Heraldry, a Figure drawn like a Sword- 
. player {landing upon his Guard - 7 it is alfo ap- 
ply'd to tha t of two Lions borne in a Coat of Arms, 
rampant, or. in a fighting Pofture , with their 
Faces towards each other. See Btdorfcd. 

Combate* a Fight, or' Battle i In our An- 
cleni Lav, it was a formal Tryal of a Doubtful 
Cafe, by the Swords, or Battoohs of two Cham- 
pions. ; 

To Combat?, to fight, tooppofe; to withftand, 

or refift. .. 

ComMnttion, (^^) a combining, or coupling 

together. In Rhetoruk, a Figure, when the lame 

Word is immediately repeated 5 as Me me adfum, 

&c, Firg m In a Lav-fenp, it is the entring of 

feveral Perfons into a Confpiracy, to perform any 

unlawful Defign: In Arithmetic^, Combination, 

is the Art of. finding how many different Ways 

a certain given Number of things may be vary'd, 

or taken by one and one, two and two, three and 

three, £r-r. - . . 

To Combine, to join or to be joined together, 
XO plot together. 

Contbutgefo a Fellow-Citizen. 

ComWft, (L.ifr. i. t. burnt or fcorchd). A- 
jr*6ng Ajtrohgers, when a Planet is not above 8 
Degrees and 30 Minutes diftant from the Sun, ei- 
ther before or after it, 'tis faid To be Combuft, or 
in Combujlhn 5 which fhews that the Party figm- 
fy'd thereby is in great Fear,, and much over-'d bv feme great Perfon. 

Combtttt Way, the Space, in the lecond halt 
of Libra, and' thro* the whole Sierf of Scorpio, be- 
ing about 45 Degr. in Longitude ; fo calPd, by 
teafon of feveral violent .and ill- boding fixed Stars 
there plac'd : So that it is counted unfortunate, 
and to weaken any Planet that happens to be in 

it* „ 

CombUftlQn, a burning ; an Uproar, or Hur- 
ly-burly : In Jjirohgy, a Planet's being under the 
Sun, which continues 'till it be fully remold fe- 
venteen Degrees. See Combuft. 

Combttttion of flponep, the old way of trying 
•mixt' and bale Money by melting it down, upon 
Payments into the Exchequer. 

CantC* a Word us d by Hmband-mm, for the 
finali; Stings or Tails of Malt, upon itsfirft flioot- 

Comc, (.Lat.) an Herb call'd Goats-beard. 

Comeklilt, ' (Gr.) a Writer, or Aftor of Co- 
medies ;: a. Stage-Player. » 

fifcmiWp a fort of Play„ artificially compos d, 
either m Profe, or Verfe, to make an fegreeable 
fWrefentatipn, of the A&ions /of Humane Lifej 
fb call'd from the Greek Words Come, i. t. a Vil- 
lage, and OA a. Song \ becaufc' it was firft acled 
in fome Country-Villages. 

C«nCi^ {£&% a Title at firft given to mfons 
who wilted nan. the Magiftrates in Provinces, as 
Trcafurers, Lieutenants, Secretaries, Regifters, 
&V. oiU.'iH.the Emperor's Time, it was apply'd 
£0 thole. ;'t|at were pf the Priucfc's Family, or At- 
tendance ; amount, or Earl. 

Cornea CattrenCs palatu, the Lord High 

Steward bC the Prince's Houfhold, who topic eare 
of "hid Tm$* ™d commanded all the Officers and 
waging Gentlemen of the Houfe. 

€0IW^ ConfittOjUmWf, a Councilor of Stare. 

1 ^otnc^omcfticojtfmCtiuuum f l??mhtnw » 

cpot -;- " 

Colonel of the Archers sflthfcfiWpeeortlQbalds, 
eilablifhed by the younger «*tnfi£wir ylno b'z"! 
COrtte0 iDiienti^ theGovernout of th* Eatt, 
who had fifteen Provinces under his Jarifdiftion * 
and the Overfight of the particular Govemours. 

Cornea patrimonii, the Treafum of the De- 
mesnes, who rcceivd the Revenues for the Prince* 

Come » pjitwtatum rerom E>omw* BUtoti*, 

the Treafurer of the Cafual Forfeitures, whole 
Bufinefs was to gather the Money that fell to the 
Prince by Chance $ as Fines, Efcheats, Goods of 
Mortmain, &V. 

Come? tCt tltflftSffe* an Officer who Com- 
manded the Soldiers in the Armies, and had an 
equat Authority with the Captains of the Pro- 

Cott«$ ^accatttm ILargttiOllttm, the Treafurer 
of the Gifts, Bounty-money, and Alms of the 
Prince, which he diftributed among the Soldiers 
and the People. 

Come0 ^Cljolantm, an Officer who was em- 
ploy'd about the Prince's Affairs in the Provin- 
ces and the Armies, and had check over all the 
Subaltern Officers of the Empire. 

COtttea &tabull a the great Mafter of the Horfe. 
who • was to take care that the Horfes fhould 
be' deliver'd which w^re, charged on the Provin- 
ces every Year, for the Emperor's Ufe : This 
Officer was very much refpected ip the Roman 
Empire, as the G>eat Conjiabfe was formerly in 
France, or the Majler of the Horfe is now in Eng- 

Comet, (O.) a Blazing-ftar, an imperfe£l Sub- 
ftance, confiding of a thick fat Vapour, fupposM fet on Fire in *he upper Region of the Air, 
and generally foreboding fome Publick Calami- 

CometOtjuapljia* a Defcription or Difcourfe of 

Comfit^ (Fr.) Sweet-meats, Fruits and other 
things preferv'd dry. 

Comfcep, an Herb ufeful both for Diet and Phy- 
fick ; being very good to knit broken Bones, clofe 
up Flefh, Sop Fluxes, ©V. 

Comical, belonging to, or fit for Comedy, plea* 
fant, merry, jocofe. 

COminfiS *f tlje ©atCftCH. See Coamings* 

Comitaro | Callro Conuniflb, (Las.) a ^rit f 

by which the Charge of a County, together with 
the keeping of a Cattle, is committed to the She- 

Comttattt Commitfo, a Writ, or Commiffion, 
by virtue of which the Sheriff is authorized to take 
upon him the Command of the County. 

Comitattt0> a Retinue, or Train of Attendants;, 
or followers 5 a Prince's Court : In Common Lau\ 
a County or Shire 5 alfo a Roll or Lifl of Dead 
Farms and defperate Debts formerly .made every 
Year and read upon the Account of Sheriffs in 
their refpe&lve Counties. 

COtnitifL a Name anciently given to the A(- 
femblics ot the People of Rom<, for the chufing of 
Magiftrates, making Laws, and difpatching otncf 
PuSlick Bufinefs. 

ComuialtS #0}utt?, the Falling-ficknefsi fo 
call'd, becaufe if any Man was feiz'a with it in 
the midft of the Publick Aflemblies, the CouncH 
was thereupon broke up for that time. 

Comma, (O.) a cutting, a little piece or pai- 
ring cur off from any thing: In Grammar, the 
fliorteft Point pf Diftinftion, fet on part of a Sen- 
tence, which only implies a frnali Keft, or little 
?aufe, and is thus marked: ( % ) 

In Mifick, Comma, is the ninth part of aTo« 
or jht Interval whereby a Semi-tone, or af» 

Digitized by 




^^Tf 1 ^ 1 ^^!^^^ *wro3 

Cotttmatl&er, one that has Comiftandz^ Qeto£- 
c*«fttt Sbn*<I?acW3: fM»7^.%Wn«it'of a 
t>lcfi«mqaa»dto*>rc><Efr ©rder o| ? Religious, Ktlights : 
*ilMfali>& bad jD^jUAuncr* <*r feving-beetk, • 

jo 3&4annnnafin^tfmta i (m>*/fo »YRjfi&g- 

ground that overlooks any Eoft, <*r Strpng PJace, 
•wffl ofi whkteihese arc tfil^dforta. j. <^Front 
nsQuninakniwg^^nj^ i. *v a Height, which jspppo- 
-OTfltodbo itha.Face of the Poft, apd plays upon its 

Fronts 2. ^ Reverfe Commanding- ground, ,>m Jwgh 
p-fila^^ba4?Ctttiiphky mpqfe th< >A:k of an£P^. 
3rfjt.?o-^4£»jt/*& Gtrnwrndrng-zmpid , or Oom\n\ 
ir^UomnAig^mmd^ a Height which teith its Shot 

fcours, or fweeps all the length\jof a.£trajgBt 

niToCbmttatlbflif : ^|pl0 > the firft Six $gfc of 

:ffthtfi2»&vii,rj^izi ^rw/ f Tmrus, Gm}^ Can- 

cer, Leo and /^o^-fo counted arid calTd fry^ 

bUfcComtttiSDllttltt* a Divine Precept^ (>^i>a^ce v 
nbrdtSw(| as T^btTi* Commandm^ts^l.^,^ Tfcnf 

to which our Commandite* w&ejan&c 
- % that . rfcey were .^^^J#wi|^, 

, ^^^Tcfw^iU^diJvhefi ar^void 
_ commended to the Care oCibcoe able 
rClerk, to be fupprytt HiH if i^ayrJbcMCWcdkntly 
provided 6f a Minifterjj iAlfp ^hen atiP*ct* ia, 
made i KAo^ kii #frdU**snst6&*d by . *ho 
Promotion, but if the! &jag| irj^owcrajhini/ to re- 
tain his Benefice, hc^ftiit^niiiwes.Par^r^ is 
laid To ho/dfow QmbnetnMKc. dw,-. ' r; v ^ ,.' 

CommettDatf or CoittMnnatf ^amittrfc (in 

old Lafi* Records) Perfoas who by volun*ry Ho- 
mage put ^emfeivea ajidjtf.tlaoiW^^ of any 
Superior Lord* , \ rr 

' CoitltllfhWBi ^IWmiBtfbJcifoiif *** jjepended 
on two feveral Lords, and were to pay* Que half 
of their Homage to each. ?ttjflM?ffo£ 

CommenftatfOlt, Commendine,', Fraifc : Cbm- 

t —«<"«* la.anw.uMOTB ip^:43wpefts, 4 ^rf5^rvice 

conveyed m one; !r <> ^.jl u ,,; 

Commentator tfcaj iegm t<* uoqt)^B^n4 * 

as Commtw&oy Ltttm y i.& Letters, qf; Recom- 
mendations 1 j w,;f jja:l.-,ij ' ; ,-j/i M .. 

. . A €on?mtnliftto*&, a -Clerk that h** * Jfcoeficc 

in CommendaiB* u [., , ' : it! 

ContnUtl&atttrf* See Commen4ad6m<Mn4 Gm- 

CommenTali^ ( Laf. ) a Coqopa^w at; the 
Table,, a fioafder^ or .Tabler^ t^w^gjamo- 

Ctmtiimi&ift&Ie ^agatcttfic0 wiiBa^ii^ 

l^ ^r --.'«. ,- >" --"-^ •n.-r- T finGflwiij.awfdchrasmaybc, meafur^ H ^>^nd 

fc Wgf««. it lfirar Height of ; *un<*Foot, wUphr ^th€:famecdmmoii Meafurc,, ; , ,J^J- 

uh^lC^te^p^Tirtaa.a Jfen0ttr, pr chief MdTa- r aT w whole Numbers, orFrfftipns that £ffye fomc 
*V& w l5i4 nds ^L d c?™£ belon S in g ^4p other Number which wilt .neftfat,..,ar .divide 
fc»lhr^Mi &^<*ptu>*: ^^W:^iir4r;;^^! t iieift-,wiAoift a RcnMtinder: Tbtta tf wid^k i* 

ahd 4 «*e jrefpeitively GommeqfoaWTe N^rpbijfs, 

wt»n«« Mw^^rAyW^^wi^v^^iW'i comnttnfiiEtUe in JV>tot r > amoBg.ijepmc- 

Jg&^imfra^ "»-> ^fr *M W* 1 ^ iU « ht Linw "e^id V. ti^SffffHr'Me 
.gg ending o 9 ;hat Pf>ory.^^ r4 iT, <{0 t: ,.^5 <ra.| CoiWUCIltttCable >0«lft ( in dgjra) fuch 
CQIBmettwi) (aw aqcjeol- ^w^v m JJom^ aiwl are**h#riW fg ^Rational Q aanti tv to a 

ting, a S^oflwRnfcembrancei^rf lome remartable 

.•^JbT<^C0«Ultence, (F>.) To be^in, or enter up- 
bi«4I: in :^X**r ^>r, to proceed .in an Aftion, or 
^T^^jawi/l <fcc v*tfo to tak© a Degree in the U- 

entliiefJricef>ts of Revealed Religiqiv r r , 7, Iw^f^ 

^^ojh 6p^m(vi £«*?, Commdaiimem, u whe» the 

niKrtgarthe ? Jnflices commit ja^n toPnfon, up- 

-5*1 their •own Authority « It is- alfo taken for the 

Offence of him that induces another to tranjgcefe' 

^ftBc^fcwir as rto c^inaiit Mulder, The^.^r. In 

arid he that had the Government of any fuch.J 

! ComntrnCQIt^ttt) the Tiin^ when Degrees arc 
-WWb in tta:(J.mrer£ty : of qfrnbridge^ anfwering 
3oWU^f k ^ . See -<<a.. ; , ; ° 

^fl^ft«B8!l^^ praift or fet forth, to 

fet , qff with Advantage $ to caiamit or give ip 
dk^ted^B»DlNf«^it* JP oi^r's g|^out, Pmteftion, 
mOfiQiliW flw^^.^.M * ff>W t i. e. let 

CommiBMblf^.tWt i^oj^wmmwled, prajfe 

who is Soveraig^ Ma^^^^pfghts^fti/ii. 

a^Intejjpretari^ or <31<^ - t. 

To CitttmCttt, to write Notes upon, toeptpofind, 
or glofs : to critici^ v ftpd, fa»lt Nyith^ r lu '• . 

Commcntacj?, a ; ^tjunued. InymfiMw*^ or 
oiois upon toe obfeure i&$ difficult raflages of » 
an Author, to render them aapre inteU^gibJe : It 
isalfo apply'd to icpie Hiftot^s wqttoj by thofe 
who had the greateft Shaw? jaihe A^ww there* 
in particularly related. .;? -. ■? : ? H - i 

CommeJltato;, a Mateu p^^Coqmi^aiie^. 

forged, counterfeit ...-> ^ •; ■, .,_ i; . tl ^ imf -- 

felling : Alto IiitCTCoWI^jS^ic^y, jqpnyrte or 
Correlponflence. t „ v f n^ ^« % • Ai] ' \. 

ComnugmiOtt* a removing if ^marfers from 
one Place to another. .,, ,,, ' 

ing« i r. , \ -y 

■:... Comminution, a breaking ly flf # brui^TOip'pic- 
ces 5 the ^m^^t\m 

Digitized by 






iMl > 


p as are peculiar to 

the Arch-Deacon's 

are two forts of 






" ft fit 9tt to, other 
trife calf'd Mxfier*MaJicr General^ who takes a par- 
ticular Account of the Strength of every Regi- 
ftient, and reviews them ; obferring that the Horfe 
lie . well mounted, and all the Men well arm'd and 

' C*rnm«fery ©tneraf of ^jobflbw, an Offi 

cer that has the Charge of turnifhing and diftri- 
buting all forts of Provifions belonging to the Ar- 
my and Garrifons. 

ComtnifltOtlj a ^Warrant for an Office, or 
Place j a Charge to buy, or do any other Aft for 
another : In a Law-fenfe, a Delegation, or War- 
rant by Letters Patent, for the hearing, or de- 
termining of any Caufe, oV Adion : In Military 
Affairs, the Authority by which every Officer 
a a« in his Poft, fignd by the King, or his Gene- 
ral. AUb Wages, or Allowance made to a Fac- 

ComttttfBottOf #ttt!Ct$ttion, wasaCommHSon 
under the great Seal, to collect a Subfidy, or Tax 
before the time appointed. 

Contmtifton Of Iltociatioit, a Commiflion like- 
wife under the Broad Seal, to affociate, or join 
cwo, or more Learned Perfons with the Juftices, 
in the feveral Circuits and Counties in IVales. 

CommtfftOU Of H5anfcntpt» a Commiflion un- 
der the Gtfat Seal of En$and> direfted to five, or 
more Commiffioriers, to enauire into, the parti- 
Cilar Circumffiances of a Bankrupt, 6v Trader that 
is faiPd, or broke : Thefe Commiffioners arc ap- 
pointed to aft for the Benefit of the Creditors, 
and to proceed according to feveral Statutes made 
fyv that Putpofe. 
1 Ctmtmifllonof ttrtrnfOU, a Writ fcntout a- 

Sainft a Man that has not appear'd after Proclama- 
on made by the Sheriff, upon an Ord& & Chan- 
cery , to prlpfent himfelf to the Court at a certain 
Day ; 'to caufcj the Party to be apprehended as 
tf Repel and Wefpifer or the Kings Laws when- 
ever he be found. 

Commiflion to a $*<&}> (in Traffick) the 
Conditions; or Orders given Jifar for Buying, or 
Selling any Co^mmodit), according to which he is 
obliged to a&. J 

Commtflion orCoimrtflKon*#onejy the Wa- 
ges of a Pastor. See Fafhrage. 

CommifHon^flMKcew. See officer*. 

ToCtff^ togtvea 

Commits?* to appoint, pr iinpower one to aft 
for another. r :''</- " 

Cl«1tmifllettet % one that has receiv'd a Com- 
miffion 5 or a &t v tiy Virtue of it. In a Lteal Senfe, 
one that has Commiffion , as Letters Patent, or 
any other LaWfiit Wsffaftr, to Execute any Publiek 
Office 5 fcs GHtimj/tonrsWibe Office of Finn and Li- 
cjHces, Commiflioners in 


OgR& /tq aa ? or ^j^^f%%.P^ff n y 

Tte ttttflpg Jjtfjfli crommtfTton cr in 3>co ttatrt, 


& Tftte jfcPfreft to a Nomeman, wno repijeicnts rn$ 
Perfbn of the JCingof En^Und % in the Kingdom of 
Scotland) ahd^prefidefc in tft£ Parliament h} l 
Behalf. . [ \ ' 

COf^fffttttW tit&mttt* See&wrv' 

Commtffure* a joining 

TVuig* togfcArr $ a CTdfure, or Seam : In Ana- 
07»y A the Mould of the Head, where the Parts of 
he Skull if'e untod z'lii Ar&tkBitre, a clofe join- 
ing of PlanK? trtdiies, or any other Materfols. 

^veaKufinefs tp. 

Conimfttft, one, or more Perfons to whortf 
the Confideration, Examination, or Ordering of 
any Matter is referred bv fomc Court, or Coolant: 
of Parties to whom it belongs. • 

Commfttte Of t\t fctfflj, the Widow of the 
King's Tenant, formerly iocall'd, as being com* 
mitted by the. ancient Law of the Land, to tlic 
King's Care and Prote£lion. 

Commfrtion or Commfrttw, a mingling ton 


Commott, a fort of fet Head-drcfs for Wo* 

ComtnoftfOttSr, fit, convenient, ufefull. 

CoitimoWtp* Convenienpy, PrQfit, Advantage j 
alfo Merchandize, or Ware. 

Commo&O}^ a kind of Admiral, or Comman- 
der in Chief ot a Squadron of Ships at Sea. 

Commofgnr, (old La w- word) a Ijrpthcr-M»plt^ 
refiding in the fame Convent. 

Common, Ordinary, Ufefql, Pubiick. 

A Common, Cpmmon Pafture - ground : Ac* 
cording to the Law-definition, thatSpil of Water,, 
the ufe of which is common to a particular Town f 
or Lordfhip, as Common of Pajlure for the feeding, 
of Cattle, Common of Fifoing t for the taking of Fifh^ 
and Common of Turbary , i, $. a Liberty oi diffgina 
Turf. See Turbary. . ■ ' * 

Common 2(ti8> a Term in 0/^, Scff Jxtf 
Common, or Mean. 

Common 25en^ the Court of Common*Pleas % 
fomctimes fo call'd from the Pleas, or Controver- 
sies try'd there between Common Perfons. 

Common Council* See council, 

Common HMtUtO?, (in Jrltbm.y is that Numbei?: 
wl^ich exaftly divides any two pthet Numbers^, \ 
without leaving any Remainder- 

Common Jf int , a certain Sum of NJpncy which 
the Inhabitants of a Manour are oblieM to pay to- 
the Lord, towards the Charge In .MaiQtajnJna a 
Court-Leet. , ? ' / • 

Common*$tt9C, the chief nwfaw to th#; 

Lord Mayor and City of London. 

Common 3 nten&ment, aLaw-pbjftjTe forc6ii- : 

mon Meaning j fo> Bar to Common bttmdm$n% f .m 
an ordinary, or general Bar, whfcji. commonly 
di&b(es the Plaintiff's Declaration. Of Common. 
Intendment, a Will Ihal] not be fuppos'd to ty*A 
made by Collufion. , , 

Common lUto* is taken in i fcsfold 5enfe/ 
vit. i 9 For the Laws of Endand y fimply cond* 
derM, without the Addition ot any other Law or. 
Cuftomary whatever; ,as whea. 'tis dilfutccl 
what ought of Rig^t to be d^ter'min'd by Ac 
Common Law, and what by the Ciyil Law or Ad- 4 
miralty-court, &c 2 . It is taken for the King V 
Courts, as the King's Bench, or Common J?lca^ t , 
to diftinguifli them from Bafe Courts, as Courts 
Baron, County-courts, Piepowders, ©V. 3. And J 
moft ufually, by the Common Law, is underftoQcT 
fuch Laws as were generally receiy'd as the Laws 1 
of the Realm, before any Statute was made tp all.-, 
tcrthem. i 7; 

Common PfeWj one of the Courts hcl4 m, 

clofe, or couching L oFj Wefbnmfitr-haT^ but in ancient Time moveable i> 

It was appointed by K. Henry IJI. for the Trying, 

of all Ciyil Caufes, both Real and Perfonal $ th^ 

Principal Judge of which is ftjrl'd lorj Chief Ju* 


Digitized by 




mttm - 

arliament. See Par- 

iht tytoiMfM , 

jfefr, and affiled by three or 
he reft of thciOfficers a*e the 
fro to notaries, a Chirographer, 


OtjkJBte^Um, three 

four cr$ fourteen Filacers, feverafTorts; of 

aerih,av. ^ jran r . f* " r ^*S ^ 

C0ttimon «ap> in Opticks. Sec fcgr. 

Commpn fteccjJtarte, (in Anat.) is a certain 
Veifel fo tern v:d, becaule it receives the Juices 
Chyle and Lympba pramifcuoufly , tho* fome falf- 
ly call it the Receptacle of the Chyle in particu- 

Comttt OH IS eCOtitry ♦ See Recovery feigned. 

Common jSenfOJp, the Common Percep- 
tion of all Senfations; or that Faculty which re- 
ceives the Images of feniible Things, or the 
Impreflion made by the Obje£ts upon the Nerves j 
fo that according to thefe Impulfes , it deter- 
mines the Will, and performs other Animal Ac- 

Camm0tt £lgtt*, (in AJiroL) are Gemini, Vir- 
go, Sagittarius and Ptfces, fo call'd, beoaufe that be- 
ing at the end of each Quarter of the Year, they 
partake more or lefs of both Quarters 5 as the Sun 
in Pifces not only ends the Winter, but alfo begins 
the Spring. 

Common^fctfalri?, any State, or Government 
in general, efpecially as it is diilinguifh'd from a 
Monarchy ; the chief of which in Europe are thofe 
of Venice, Genoa, Ho/land, Switzerland, &c 

CGmmon^toealt^man, a Member of a Com- 
mon-wealth 3 alfo a Stickler for the Government 
by way of a Common-wealth. 

Commonaltp, the Common People : In a 
Law-fenfe, the middle fort of the King's Sub- 
jects, fuch of the Commons, as being rais'd a- 
Jbove the ordinary Peafants, come to have the 
managing of Offices, and are one Degree under 

Commoner, a Member of the Houfe of Com- 
mons in Parliament, or of a College in an Uni- 

Common^ a certain Proportion of Visuals, 
Specially the regular Diet of a College or Soci- 

The Commons Of (England one of the three 
Eftates of the Realm. 

t&OllfC Of Commons the lower Houfe of Par- 
liament, fo call'd, becau|e the Commons of the 
Realm, i. e. the Knights of Shires, Citizens and 
BurgeflVs fit there. 

Commoflfe, ( Gr. ) the firft Ground-work of 
Bees in their making Honey, which is of a gum- 
my Subftance. 

Commote or Commott^ (in Wales) fignifies a 
part of a Shire, a Cantred or Hundred, contain- 
ing fifty Villages: For the whole Country was 
anciently divided into three Provinces, North-Walts, 
South-Wales and Weft-Wales $ each of thefe again 
were fubdivided into Cantreds, and every Centred 
into Commotes : The Word is alfo taken for a great 
Seigniory, or Lordfhip, which may include one, or 
feveral Manours. 

CommorfOtt, (Lat.) Tumult, Uproar, Hurly- 

Commtma or Communia Paftuc*, (Law- 
word) the Common of Pafture. 

Commttnance or Commaunce, a Title former- 
ly given to the Commoners, or Tenants and In- 
habitants that had the Right of Common, or Com- 
mon ing in open Fields, or Woods. 

Communare> (old Latin Law-term) to enjoy 
the Right of Common. 

Commune the fame as Commonalty. Which 

To Commune, to talk, or difcourfe together. 

Commune Concilium fcegui ftiffV** the 

Common Council of the King 
pie of England aflembied in 
liament. ~ * 

Communia piacita non tenenua in fecaccarto^ 

a Writ directed to the Treafuirer and Barons of 
the Exchequer, forbidding them to hold Plea be- 
tween two common Perfons in that Court, t«4iere 
neither of them belong to it. 
. CommtttUCabUj that may be communicated, 
or imparted. 

Communicant, one that receives the Commu- 
nion, or the Lord's Supper. 

To Communicate, to partake of that Holy Sa- 
crament, to be of the fame Communion : Alfa 
to impart to, to tell or fhew, to difcover or re- 

Communication, the Aft of Communicating a 
Intercourfe, Convcrfe, Conference. In a Law-fenfe, 
a Difcourfe between two, or more Parties, with- 
out coming to arty perfefl Agreement, upon which 
no Action can be grounded. 

CommURtCattbt, ready to communicate, foci- 
able, free and open to dilclofe one's Heart. 

Communi CuffoDia, was a Writ which lay 
for a Lord, whofe Tenant holding by Knight- 
Service, happen'd to die and leave his eldeft Son 
under Age, againft a Stranger that fhouid enter 
the Land and obtain the Ward of the Body : But 
this Writ is now become of no Ufe, fince Ward- 
ships with their Dependances are taken away by 
Stat. 12 Car. z. 

Communion, the Union of feveral Perfons in 
the fame Faith, Fellowfhip 5 alfo the Bleffcd Sa- 
crament of the Lord's Supper. 

Community KCgni, (in our ancient Hiftori- 
ans and Records) the Community of the King- 
dom j that is to fay, the Barons and Tenants tn 
Catite, or Military Men, who in old Times were 
folely comprehended under that Title. 

Community, the having things in Common; 
Partnerfhip : Alfo a Body of Men united in Civil 
Society for their mutual Advantage 5 as a Corpo- 
ration, the Inhabitants of a Town, the Compa- 
nies of Tradefmen, e>r. 

Commutation, a bartering, or changing one 
thing for another : Alfo a Figure in Rbetoricl^ j as, 
We muji eat to live, not live to eat. 

Commutatftl, belonging to the Way of Ex- 
change 5 as Commutative Jufike, i. e. That Ju- 
ftice which ought to be done in Buying and Sel- 
ling, Borrowing and Lending, performing Cove- 
nants, &V. 

To Commute a Puniftment, to change it for 

a Mulfl, or Fine paid in Money 5 as it is pra&is'd 
in the Spiritual Court. 

ComOJtfc, (in old Statutes) a Contribution, or 
Collection of Money, formerly made at Marria- 
ges, and when young Priefts faid their firft Maf- 
Tes j alfo fome times to make Satisfaction for Mur- 
ders, or Felonies. 

Compact, (Lat.) clofe, well fct, or join'd 5 
alfo brief and pithy - y as A CombaB Difcourfe. 

A Compact, a Covenant, a Bargain or Agree- 

To Com^atf, to clap clofe together. 

Compaction, a compacting, or joining clofe ; 
In Philofopby, the contracting, drawing together* 
or ftraight'ning of a Subftance, or Body, by its 
having lefs Parts, or by the more clofe flicking 
together of the Parts j and it is ufually opposed to 

Companage, (in o\A Records) any Meat, or o- 
ther Victuals that is eaten with Bread. 

Companion, (E.) Fellow, Mate,-Partner. 

Companion or fetug&t Companion of tljecBar* 

tec, a Member of that moit Honourable Order 

of Knighthood. Com* 

Digitized by 





Compaiip, an Affembly, or Meetings a Society, 
or Corporate Body \, Jn ; the Art of War, a fmall 
Body or" Foot commanded by a Captain. .. j 

ihr^penHettt-Companp or SCtOflp, a Compa- 
ny of Foot-Soldiers, or a Troop of Horfe that is 
not imbody'd m a Regiment. 

Companies uf $$Ztti)mt$, are cither, f. Socie- 
ties in joint flocks; as the iV/o/fa-Company, Baft- 
India Company, and Greenland- Qompany ; Or two 
regulated Companies 3 as thofe of Hamburg Tur- 
key, Eaftland and Mufcovy. 

Comparable, that may be compared ; like. 

C0nrparat00j in (LogH) things compared bne 
with another $ as Man h like a Bubble* 

Comparative, capable of, or that implies Corn- 
pan fon. 

&Omparattoe S>CDft:e e, (in> Grammar) is the 
middle Degree of Comparison,- being that which 
exceeds the Pojf$ive r but comes fhort of the 
Superlative, which is often exprefs'd m £ngli/h, by 
adding the Word More to the Adjective in its na- 
tural , or ordinary Signification $ as Pulthrior, 
fairer or more fair* &fkntior T wifer or more wife, 

To Ctmtparfi to examine one thing by another, 
to liken. 

COtttpattfOtT, a Comparing j alfo Proportion, 
Refemblance, Agreeabienefs : In Grammar ? a vary- 
ing the Senfe of an Adjective, with refpeel to De- 
gree r ^hus ^d, better, heft, are the three Degrees 
gf 'Comparison of that Word. * ■ , 

Compartment or Compartment, (MO an ti 

qua], or proportionable Divifion in Building, a 
particular Square, or fome Device mark'd out in 
iome "ornamental Part of a Building : Alfo a 
regular, orderly Difpofirion of agreeable Figures 
about any * Picture, TVIap, Draught, &V. for its 
better Ornan\?nt: Alfo a Bed, Border, or KnoC 
in a Garden. 

Cotttpfef the Extent of a thing round about, 
or 6A all Sides. 

Compnfo pr ^armer^Comfaj&s, a moveable! 

Trill rumen t of vait Ufe in Navigation, Surveyings 
Dialling, and many other Parts of the Mathema- 
ticks : It is a Circle drawn on a round piece, of 
Pafte board, call'd the Fly, and divided into four 
Quadrants reprefenting the four Cardinal Winds, 
or .principal Points, viz. Soft, -Weft, North, and 
So utb, and each Quarter fubdivided into eight o- 
ther equal Pa/ts, making in all 3 s Rhumb**, or. 
Points : This Card hangs Horizontally on a Pin 
fet upright, and under it is fix'da Needle, or Iron* 
wire touch *d with a Load-ftone, which keeps the 
Lilly* or Northern Point always towards the North, 
and thereby directs the Steers-man how to keep 
the Ship in her Courfe; 

Of thefc Inftruments there are three forts in 
Ufe* at Sea, viz. 1. The Meridional Combafs, which 
is the common one. 2. The Darl^ Combafs, which 
is us'd in fleering by Candle-light, becaufe its 
Fly has the Points mark'd in Black and White, 
without any other Colours. 3. The Variation- 
Lompafs, which fhews . how much .the Common 
Cbmpafs varies from the exact Points of North 
and South. 

To Compaq, to furround, to go about 5 to 
gafn, or bring about, to contrive. 

Campaf0*Ca!Uper*, an Inltrument us'd by 
Gunners, which refepibles two Semi-circles, ha- 
ving a Hrmdle and Joint like a pair of Compaffes $ 
but the. Points are blunr, and may be open'd at 
PfeafiTre, for the difparting of a piece of Ordi- 
nance ; Alfo an Inflrument made ufe of by Ga- 
^ffi?^e'^W^.^ > ! * c /,r V 

Compaf0^S)tcrf,' A kind of fmall Dial fitted In 
X Box for the Pocket, which ftiews thellour of the 

Day by &8 ^itffc&kp ^^^tf^^R^* f" 

Dial being turntt ahom/^ill the. Style, urU^k 
ifcmd directly, aver the Needle, and point up^o 
the Northward 5 but thefe^n nfffgi **?«! cx ~ 
aft by reafon of the Variation flJfe^Jweflfi^ 
fejf. ' I ,W$ni>hJWali> 

Compaffea or^aicof fmmmp %tfww»- 

tical Inltrument, commonly made uie of in 
drawing of Figures, efpecially Circles. 

Compaffeg Of PjOpOJtUW, an Inarume^rinai 
ferves to divide Lines and Circles info proj^fip- 
nal Parts at one opening, and is very,ufeful |or : >3Ee 
reducing, or enlarging of Maps , or Draughts- 
The French fometimes call a SeBor by this Name, 
ehe Compafs of Proportion. r^Trytf »ll 

15eam*Compaffcs, and 3Djaug&t Camp^* 

See Beam and Draught. 

CompafftOlt, ( *-**• ) Fellow-feeling f> f ity, 
Mercy. 1 uo^ pdi to Wr 

CompafrtOTiate, apt to be mov ^witL-Cp^p*- 
fion. .';;; 2i iasd'i «t -Mix 

Compatibility O-) Agreeabienefs. 

Compatible, that can agree, or fubfi^tji a- 
nother thing. n^R 

Compatriot, (*-*'.) one of the fame ^aur^ry, 
a Fellow Citizen. rj 5:mr^i^moS 

Compeer, (^0 a Companion, or FellQK^A 
Goffip, or Godfather. In fome Parts of £*g^, 
young Men invited together to Weddings, a«e 
alfo call'd Compeers. r j % f i .*^I*lS|Xt!Cl> 

To Compel, (Lat.) to conflrain, or force.:. .»„ 

CompeUation, a calling by Name, a friendly 
Salutation. J,, : ^.^ifr.Mfe 

CompaiDlOtt0, abridged, lliort or brief. 

CompenJ&ium,v an Abridgment, or fliort Ab- 

To CompematC, to rGcompence, or rnaiw *- 
t ,mends for. 

CompeitfattOn, Recompence, Satisfaction, -or 
Requital.. - - ■■ •' ^, -^r^l) 1 -^ 

ComperXllDittatiOtt, a deferring or puttiag cJf 
from Day taEfay : in trie Romm\aw, a Delay of 
the Aclion, or Pleadings till the third Day fol- 
lowing ; An Adjournment, or putting off till fur- 
ther time. jmt »"ii^ftjftj^ t ; ri5tt»tarr:c3> 

ComRertajtUm, (Lot.) a Judicial Inqueft in 
the Civil Law made by {delegates, or Coaimiffi- 
oners, to find out, or relate the Truth of ■>% 

C^impetetiee or Competency, a fufficient E- 

ftate, Stock of Learning,- Sv. I^Sft5^Wt:iCPtc t 
the Power^ or Capacity of a Judge, for the taking 
Cognifance of a Matter. r , xSttn/UA 

- Competent, convenient, fufficient, proper for 
the Purpofe, duly qualified. &fepkftttt& 

Compett&le, fuitable, fit, or agreeable to» r >H 
Cotnpetition, canvarling, or fuing for an Of 
fice, e>r, Rivalfhip. -''.oi^-nb « 

Competitor, a Rival, one who fi«* forilhc 
fame thing that another does. , ? 10 

Compilation or Complement, Comptting, 


To Compile, to collecl or gather from feveral 
Authors, to amafs or heap together 5 as T* com* 
pile aViBinnary. f4t£'** 5fi ^TftnilltiWCfl^ 

CompltaUa, (Lat.) certain Feafts kept by the 
old Romans in the Months uf January and May $ 
during which they offer'd Sacrifices in alliifee 
Crofi-ways, both of the City and Couptrf, to 
the Lares, or'Houfhold-Gods, the Prote^ors of 
their Families. , .,, s ^\ ^\ ^IR^milttmrii 

Complacency, a being^.^eil^teasjd \cmm& 

talnn S Deli^htiip f athing^ B | . Jf j, ^WHJ^malS 

PhintirT at Law »Ww8 tjrrimvS 

ro nitf*»*i ™ i^rfi^c/^rjftf or ,roK|flW3> c/t 


Digitized by 



"" '" "V '^* •' Tiff! '"TT"*"- 


c o 

ComtffoHfrrlttfc, (F^) a plcafihg Behaviour, or 
cbl'ghig Carriage ; a courteous Compliance, or 

Submiflion to the Judgment, or Will of another. 

Cflrcirtairatttj that is of an obliging Humour, 
: ' T ciViT, courteous. 

Complunetltj (L**-) a filling up, or perfect- 
ing that r/hich wants 5 a Supply, an Accomplifh- 
ment, the Number which a whole Sum amoanti 
to. ( 

Compliment of anp 2rc!> of * Circfcor of atfp 

J3ugkj (in Geom.) is fo muck 45 that Arch, or 
Angle wants of 90 Degrees,* to make it a Qua- 

ilrant. • >^ 

tfomyitanc of tbeCottfe, (in n^ot.) is 

she Number: of Points the Courle wants of 00 De- 
gjrees^ or v righs Points, wi. of a Quarter of the 
# Compa(V 

Compliment of tfceCotittm, (in J&r'i/I) is that 
part of the Courtm, which, b^iaag wantm^uis the 
■bmd-igorgt f or the Remainder of the Courtin, 
rafter iti Plank is taken away, to the Angle of the 

Compttmcftt of fte Ifee of ^Defence* i* *e 

Remainder of the Line of Defence, after you have 
-taken away the Angle of the Flank. 

€m*&Mm m a pwUrlogtam , the two 

leffer Parallelograms, which are made by draw- 
ing two Right-lines parallel to each Side of "the 
.Figure, through a given Point in the DugdwL 

Comjrtett, or Compkat, perfcft, foil, accom- 
•pBJfe'd; alfofine, neat, {pruce*. 

To Complete, to make complete, or perfect. 
-' COttplCUOlt, an Accamplifluhg, Fulfilling, or 
Finifhinp* Performance. 

ComplrjT, compound, gathered' or joined to*, 
^ether ± a* aTComfilex Body of Laws : In Lertjkk* it 
is the uniting of (everal Notions ; and the Truth 
v* Palfhood of thofe Notions fo united is (aid To 

Complex j3Dlftaf«L are Diftempers that cannot 
be feparated, as the Fteurify and Fever. 

Compter SCcnnSy t«* ^°?H) fach as *re com- 
pounded of fimple, or fingle ones, which f are 
fcsITctr Ineomphx Terms. 

ComplrjctO or CompKcattO, (L*r.) a Rhetori- 
cal Figure,' the fame as Symfloct $ which fee. 
' «*mjrfm<J*, the Colour of tb,e Fact, fte Na- 
tural Gan&tutioa* or Temperature of the Bo* 

- €mxvtftT i m d> belonging totheComplaftdn. 
. ^Otjiptetba^ tempered* as A Body well 

COttiplfjUB, a joining, or gathering toge- 

. CMttpkjttUJ, (i*r. m ^f4r.) a Mufcle of the 
0ea4* which terwea to move it backwards, and is 
ajfo call'd Trigeminus^ becaufe it apparently has 
• threefold Beginning. $ee Trigeminur. .; 
•. OWjrti^itttj wrapt up together, intermingled 
or joined with. 

«*tfrqp«tttt< stevfand. 
. Hlttt. a Mixture, Colleton, or Uh(s 
of things joyned together 5 as A Complication if 
GrmjfaMrefclt FiTwres, &C .: ! ' ~ ' . " 

ColttpteatidttOf ©tfttfri, a C6lleaion of fe- 
stal Qj&efepefs thatfcize oh the Body at th#fitrae 
*f»e> cfpe^tally if they depend one upon ano- 

, AfBgKte or acfttltflitc, a Farmer th ati ill 
t Aq g»> 1* BelW^Rogue. 

Comj^mcOQB^ (Fr] kind obliging Words and 

ffitmHiUMff the Uft of the Canonical Jfoucrs 
2&°OfES00 foaMw/fc, the doting Prayers of their 

To CtttqUOt, to pit* fl^etfitf^ 

To Complp, to yield, or fubmit to. >:a ^ , 

ComponeD, a Term in Heraldry , for Com- 
pounded. See Counter-coHtpnikd. 

To CompOfo to agree, m dehiean; or behave 
one's felf. 

Compcutmtnt, Carriage, or Behaviour. 

To CompOfe 3 (^-^J to put together, to make 
or frame, to appeafe or quiet 5 to repofc or re- 
frelh,. to adjull or fettle, to compound or make 
ud : In the Art of Printing, to fet the Letters o* 
Cnaraciers in order, according to rnc Original 
Copf : In Mnfick, to faialce br : fet TVuies,' * Aim, 
e>r. % ;. ': ;. 

€ompo(toJ5a«rott. §ccBMft'»*? : 

CompoftW, (Lat. in. Plpfick.) Medicines com- 
pounded, or made up of Gp&il fimpfe ones 5 
as Mefihiaries, Ointment*; Opiatw, Plaiifliers, Sy- 
rupg, Waters, c>r. 

Comtrtfte, a Term m Grammar ^ as a Com- 
pofite, or Compounded Word.-. 

Ctfmpolbe or €tMq&um®im; the fifth Or^ 
der of ArchMRxrt) fonam'd becaufe it is compofed 
or made up of the four other Orders, vit,. Tufian, 
Doric^ y lonick. and, CwmthtaH : It is alio called Ita~ 
lick and Roman, as being the Invention of the ait* 
jcient Romans; » ' » 

Compo8rt jpittmSin. s^Numhr. ,, 

((Ompo6tfO« (t^r.) a Grammatical figure,' toe 
fame as Syntbefis • vrtirch fee. . 

CMItVoStfOtli a WoA compofed in any Art or 
Science 5 the 1 CornpoundJng of y^ords in Gr-twt- 
>w^r, a School-boy's pxeitile: Alfo an Accommo- 
dation or Agreement, a coming to capitulate in 
War^ al(o a miictujfe of feveral things, especially 
of Drugs in a Medicine. 

In the way of Ti^de, Cont^t^M^ h wflhen a 
Debtor, not being aMe to difc^trge his whole 
Debt f compounds or agrees with the' Cnrditof, 
to-pay him a certain Sum of M#hW to Krttlfeji 
inftead of all that is due | for which part he o& 
tains i Receipt in.fiil?, as for the whof^lJebt. 

Cdrrmofltton $«$tmatfcal, or X%r4^nm^ 

Ctl ^PlCOOOj is that which proceeds by' certain De- 
grees or Step, ftotn known Quantities in thi; 
(earch of unknown, and then deraonftrates, Xbii 
the Quantity fo found will fatisfy the Proportion. 
See Syntbifis and Synthetical Method. . .1 * 

In P*if*w , CtrttWttfcn, is us?dT ift |he Ame 
Senie with Invention and Defign^ See Dr/^« f . 

COAtpOfitiOtt Of ^OrtOtty (in S*r&fif*riii} ^sthe 
Compontion of the* fereral Directions or, Declivt^ 
ties of Motion, whether equable or unequable. * 

ComtrtWmx of ^ropojrton, (in M^fcw».) ^ 

the comparing the Sum of the Antecedent and 
Confequent 5 with the Confequent in, tiro <^qual 
Raw's 5 as fuppofe 4 . 8 : : 5 . 4 which S 
exprefi*d by Compofition of Proportion, 1% . 8 
: : as 9 to 6. 

tfampaCtOJ, a ^riote/s Compo&r § he^iat 
compofes the Characters and Matter, and majeea 
all ready for the Prefs. 

€0JWOOtIihIe, an ddbarb^rtusWoni tai^ro 
figOh^ things that are capable of Hm9it^orVR^ 
together 5 whereas fuith as cannot exift to^etjie^ 
are termed tncomtofible things. v T. : ' J 

ConqpfOff or <tomn««l; (in HmUnMJ Soi^ <* 
Dur^r for improiring Land, Trees, *w, ,;: 

CompOtore, any tl^ijng that i5 cobpoTed, Ar 
made up 5 alio Corrfp^fednefi, or Calmneis bf 

Miod; r , 

COntpOtttWl a Cafoufing, or DrhAiog chfc 
with another. 

Compote, (fr. among Confe&ionm) Stewed Fruit j 
efpecially Apples, Pears, Plums, <^<\ In Cook/ry 

r% r '' :*. • J r - ils likcwife a particular Way of Stewing Nfeat * 
t to ^dOibfOei of J 1* >f Cw^A «f Pf^ojr, cV«. 

Digitized by 


fiifrnfrriiti- * r • 

■ # 4. 



ComfOlt*** .li^GpMW^J h'j$MBF#P^ 

Comyounb a&wtwn. SccAddfom. 
Compound jKune^ &$f n p#\ y j. . , , 
Comyouno JUumbet, uri ^?iA«Mj *» *at 

which tome Number, or Numbers may rnealure 
bciides Unity 9 if *5t which is rneaOud by 5 and 
3, fjr 1* ^ o-snd *, & c - 

COittpolillO Patt0« See DifmiUr Parts. 

ComyoiinO &UantiUCS, (m Algebra) fuch as 
a^e joma iu»«^i**t -5/ >r- Sign*. + and -*- and 
*ra\ nprnfrd : *)tHejr by .mpre Letters .ihan^qne, 
or die by the fame Letters unequally repeated s 
Thus a + 1 ■ — £ and W — £ are compound Quan 

lw m ,uiit|fvtft*»» : to g*th*r, or make up ot, ieve- 
'falTbmaapr.lrjgrei^en^; to come to an Agree, 
ment, eipecially with Creditors for Debt. 

ec of a plant, i* by jhc .Uarbaim counted, fuch 

Hj>rte *» c^n£$f 40^ many, little glowers meeting 
'together (O m^ke up. one whole one; each of 
which has it# %{'*», &#**»*, and; Sticking Seed, 

Cime cu/ix, ou 



all contained within one and 
Cup* • i ••■,. 

To C0mweljenli, (£"•) to contain, or 
elude; to uhderiUnd, perceive or have 
K«O^W^eof. . 

Comy jeljcnfible, that may be comprehended. 
- Ci«MM^enttlHl> .the.Conjpjehtnding, orUn- 
dertfcmjling .of , a thing ; Alio Coamrikl, Qom- 
-&*&& a* -</* ^8 </ Qm#rd*»fyii i. e, aj> A£i of 
rJraWSwrjt that wkes in all Parties. , 
v. 4E»my)C^n6ti?» containing 911^^ large, very 
Ugtuficint, "full. . :i , 

<■ €<Wt9)£&* 0* 1 ^WEVJ a kind of Bolfter made 
of folded Linoen, to be laid on a Wound, Qr*he 

Sty** *J ei ^ ^ ^ /■ . ■"•.-- * ' 

n - CMRWf WW> a prc{fi>g, fqucezing, or thrui^ 

T<i €i»W6tf* (L^-tmff) the Word proper- 
4>^*V^ JST** 11 * to 8 ct W.* hut if cofpmcmly 
.tflfffl >Jbr,tiie deceitful Printing of anpthfr't Qr> 
•P»f <or .^ok, by, Stealth, to t>e PrejudWof the 
4ygjftful proprietor. , A 

[tiTtk CWyjtf?*, "contain, include* c»mpw»»or. 
take in! . , \ 

^..ft«faW»*M ]*«¥*» l allowing, < or 

C0*l»OWtfe (^wr-«w4> a mut^l Prapft of 
Several Parties* *9 *cfcr the ending of their Con- 
troverfy,4a,^ Judgment of Arbitrators * a Pond, 
or . Engagcrneiit to Hand to die Arbitration, or 
^a^'^T^ Umpire. " • 

To CompjOltttrc, to content to a Reference : 
In a Figurative Senie, to put to the hazard of be- 
ing cervfitf'd 5 as It behoved htm not to atmprmnife hn 
Honour and Reputation. 

1 Cottiyt) .(i>^) polite, fine, neat $ as A Campt 
Dijlrou £ flt . ■ 

To COlTtlitrott. See To Control!. 
-1 jComwWlHr Conftraint, or Force. 

ComyunrtiOil > Pricking, Remorfe or Trouble 
'bt Mind,^^: an 0£fcnce or Fault committecL 

CatnyurgatOJj (Law-word) one that by Oath 
-j^ftifies -mother's Innocency. 

ComyUtan'On, a computing, or reckoning 5 an 
Account; In Ommon X»4ut, it is us'd for the true 
and indifferent Co^lkuftion of Titne ; fo that nei- 
tlicr Party fliall Jo wrong to each other, nor the 
Jjkterrjnmation of Times referred at larqe , be 
t^lcen one way or other, but be computed accord- 
ing to the iuft Csafure of the Law. 

To Com|Utte 9 to reckon, or caft up. 

Comy UttS, ^n Accountant. 

CompiUO retfdeiiaa, a Writ forcing a Bailiflf, 


( ^ 

Chamberlain, or Receiver, 

counts ; It alfb lies .for .^he Ei 

tors, and- agaiatt, the Ouardiah it>4„, 

Watte made goring tl^ H^tji> ^ T 9^4^4 

Comrade/ See Camarade. ,., 

CWfttet an old 'M.^;%^j)Wfl|lV or 

fit. /. . •;: -r- /. : . ••" ** 1 • 

Couarium or^UttMtlai^iwadf^C* 

a parr of the Brain that hangs in the fraall Cavjf. 
ty call'd tfe Jp*h is t&hmci ffrt. pf i ; M>« ^ r <* 
Vcptricle, and takes jNatne from its Shape ffurflh 
blingji Pine-cone.. ,..,.-. . ; . , ... 

ConacuiBi receMtUi ab ajre mtug* (in fiUl$f) 

iti& Mickau.) is the firldeaf our which. a#y Natural 
Body, moved circularly has to recede »pr fly of 
from^Jie Center, or Axi» qf iu Mopocu ,. . f ■■ r %\- 

CotlCani, a People that anciently inhabited the 
Province ot utuatt^lfr m Ireland, . • 

. COUCatenatlOItt o chaining, or Unking, together* 

r as A Concatenation of C**Jes f a Ten» U$*d in /^ 

/o/p^r, .to exprefs that an Eflfeft ia the Refult of % 

long Chain of Caufes linked to, or depending one 

upon another. "*•■*.; hji- 

CoOCabt, hollow on the infidc or vaulted lite 
an Oven : It is alio fometimes taken for Hollow- 
nefs ^ ami in Gmntry % iar the Bordlof a Pteci of 
Ordinance. ' 

Colgate CpUnfttt* See Cylinder: 

CoHCabe (0lafie^ &ch as are ground hollow, 
and are ufually ot a fpherical or njund Fi- 
gure, tho' they may*, be of any other 5 as para- 
bolical, €fr. . <.. 

Concabttp> the xnfide Hollowndt of a rosni 
• To Coheeal, to keep clofe, sir fecret. 

COlttfaltWj a Lw3.Tetm % figrfffying by jMr 
pbrafis, or contrary fpeaking, Men that £ad out 
conceal'd Lands,. which are privily kept from tbt 
King, or State, by common Perfons, who have 
nothin^to ftiow for them. , 

ConcealmeTtt, the Aft of Concealing. 

To Coliceiir, to yields grant, otc alto*. 

C0HCett> Opinion, or Fancy. 

COdCCiteO^ an^aed, fantaftical, proud, puffed 

op- . 
Conceivable, that may be conceived. » 

loConceftte, to be with Child or to beted, 

to .imagine or apprehend r ta comprehend cf 

underftand, to frame an Idea. 
Content, a Confort of Voices; aa Accold, or 

Agreement of Parts in MuJIcIl $ a Singing in 

Tune. > 

To Concenter, to meet in the fame Outer 
Concentration, (according to Dr. Grey) is tW 

higheit Degree of Mixture, as when two or more 

Atoms or Particle^ of the Mixture do touch if 

the receiving and thrufting of one into the other* 
Concentric^, that has one and the fame coo* 

toon Center 5 as Concentrick Circles, or other 


Concentrick &ft*. See QfyCbitemHitk, 

COttCCyt, a fet Form 3 a Term us f d in PuSllck 

ConceptiO f (Lot.) a Grammatical tigtmrn 
therwtf^ catrd Sjltyfc which fee. ^T-n^ 

Conception, the Produa of the m$il *ar t 
ThoiigJ-itk Notion, or Principle * thoSrsipU fito 
or Apprehenfion that a Man has of any Tfcfetgjl 
without proceeding to a^roa or Arny s js yft iot 
relating thereto 5 alfo a. conceiving with* £$£14 
or bifeeditfq* ^ntlr. - * # 

iFaffe Cuturtttttn* See 2W/«. 

Concern, A(6ir, or Bufineft, artJIlt' a/Tnv 
portance 5 alfo a being coacerited snd a4«at*. J 

To Concent, to regard ov bebmr^ min* 
-reftr or . taoublo one^ fis^ wkh. < ; . ' iFijitf* 
1 .^^CW* 

Digitized by 





CortftatCtL intereltcd 
wftrT. *" ** 

troubled^' affafted 

CTttUttCnt, the fame as Concern. * 
ToCOTtCCrtj ro Contrive, or Deblte 1 together 
aoom a ihmtiv to lay uengflg in order to bring 

*«Sfe; r> i°kfc(*ofical figure. See #***- 

rffc^^flrftfing, or yielding 5 a Graht, 

-1?X&% i Shell-fifh with two Shells ; as 
WSfcitlbp, e>r. Alfo a little Mealure 

una two Spoonfulls, or fix Drams. In -^ 
e'VltWfftg'of the Cavity, or Hollow of 

?# par?bf' the Ear. 

^tf0j a Stone refembling a Shell-fifh. 
)Ofb, (irt 6eom m ) the Napie of a certain 
*r crobked Line, firft invented by N/Vo- 

^^^8flNK orCOTtCtpifam, all fdrts of Shell -fifh. 
^TC^^RfteJ to get, to procure, to gain, ori 
TVm/ j iU,^B/; /Frig/* ./ftftotf conciliated to him the Love 

. Cjpn^fliattO, (^O a Figure in Rhetoric*. See 

^^d^iKtfOjfj^ >pt to conciliate. ' ' 
70 &dmftrtlttd£ a Treacher, or'puMickDifcour- 
fer : In our ancient Writers, a Common Council- 
man, $ Mot worthy, a Freeman call'd to the tfall 
W»fl?mbTy. • • ,-. ; i , >■ . r- 

- 1 Cfittrffe, ftiort, brief. ' 

^4*li#ftm/ a Scripture- Wonl us'd Sarcafti- 

rally, or by. way of. Scoffing, for Circumcifion. 

COttCUfce, originally fignifies. aa inner Cham- 
ber or Clofet,Jj 
ffiXfr Room in 
^Cardinals meet 

arm is more efpecially taken for 
tfte Vatican, where the Aoman 
to chufe a Pope 3 or the whole 
AflethHy of Cardinals fhut up there for that 
purpoTe. - ■ " 

m Cotttldbfff, one tjiat attends a Cardinal, du- 
ring bis *bode in the Conclave. 

ToCfintitt&f, to finifh,- make an end o£ or 
Mfej .to inter, father by Reafon, or draw a! 
TJoMequence, to refolveupon, or determine. J 

ConCtaffett, the End, Clofe, or IfTue of a thing ; 
iCartfeqUence or Inference: In Logicl^ the laft 

to^ C » C ?^ fition8 of » Syllogifm : Alfo 
1? nerrh us*d in Law, when a Man by his own 
A^upon Record ha? concluded, or charg'd bim- 
WPltrttt.a Duty, or other thing: It is alfo'tt- 
^etffbtfrhe end or latter part of any Declaration , 
Bar, Replication, QPc. 
^ CWlroifttiea that ferves to conclude. 
_Cftnc6mtUmt^ accompanying , * going along 

, l*''<f OHCmitftail'^ a Companion, Attendant, or 

r^ ?* *** Agreement, Union, good Underftand- 
ifrg> Itl Common Law, an Agreement between Par- 
ties that intend the levying of a Fine of Lands one 
32d£^ ?• in what manner the Land /hall paG : 
JWHPan Agreement made upon any Trefpafs com- 
mitted between feveril Parties. 
* L.?*^^ Cd'ttCOJftfc are certain Intervals, or 
* j£ aI ^ s between Soun <W which delight the Ear, 
^ZB* rd * tthc |[ " ame time : Thcfe Concords are 
^55lE& Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth, together with 
Sr2?£^ s ^5 Tenth, Thirteenth, Fifteenth, 

S^fK^^ *& ° f tW ° fortS ' v - Perfe ^ and 

Petfett COUCOJD^ are the Fifth and Eighth 

^Jh&^I 0itl * es - InprfM Concords, are 

T^^Wn^ 1 *™ Sixth with .their Ofhves : The 

laffWRSP ones are likewife diftinguilh'd into the 

^"To COlltfi|lt« to agree t o g ether^ ^ ^*^» 
Cont0#aftc£ a genetal index, tfrrSqjU^lfft 

Alphabetical Order, of all the Word* cont*in'd ' 
in the Holy Bible. ^Wiv . ^^..^ 

ConcojBanr, fcgreeitfg to|dfiW.f : v> ^ ;> 

CotlCO}Da^ an Agreemmt rttide m aAl manoer 
of Ecclefiaftical Matters, efpeciklly up0l» the Rd<f 
Agnation or Exchange of Benefices. > 

To ConCOZp0jate> to mix dr mingle together 
in one Bodv> to incorporate, or imbody. * <" U- 

ConCOatte, a running, oi» r%ftft of &opfe to a 
Places a meeting, or coming tdgetber.' 

Concrete jpttmbener, fm ^ri/fcm.) aw thofe 

that are apply'd to exprefs afi y particular Sab- 
jeft 5 as % Meti, 4 Pounds; f of a Shilling, ^o 
whereas if nothing be join'd with the Number, 
'tis taken abftraftedly or utiiveVfally i Thi|< 4 
fignifies an Aggregate, or Stim of four Uftils, 
let thofe Units be Men, *PoUrtd« , Horfes, or 
what vou pleafe. h $' f •'-'*.«• . r- j 

A Concrete, a thing growi togeAer, o# m^de 
up of feveril Ingredient's: In' Lbgt^ y any Qua^ 
lity confider'd with its Subjeft^ as Album % White' 
thing : Thus if we fay, Snow is white, then we' 
fpeak of WMtefiefs in the Concrete : Arul hi- 
this refpeft it is contradiftinguifVd from u4bjfrk8 t 
when the Quality is taken iflftd Cotafitteration fe- 
parately ; as Aibedv, Whiteriefs, whfch may be 
in Paper, in Ivory, and in other things, as well 
as irt Snow. ' i - t ■>(, . 

In Nqtwrdt Tbthfopby and Chymtjhy, CfltfCtet?* 
implies a Bblty made up of different Princrples,^ 
and is therefore much of the- fame Sigrftficatkwi 
as the Word Mhtd* Thus Unfkrtony li % Nattu 
furat Concrete^ or a Mix'd Body corrtfouf^tf>in 
the Bowels of the Earth 5 and Soap is a Fa&itkm 
Coricfktf, or a Body mix'd togetheV oy Artl m ^ *" 

ConcreteB, congealed, orcl6tterf. 

ConCrettOlt, a growing, or gathering ftfgetftelr j 
a congealing or thickning, a ^rowirrg rrtw 1 :^!!! 
a Philosophical Senfe, the uniting together of feve-* 
ral veryfmall Parts of a Natural Body intd con- 
crete or fenfibje Maffes, by which rfteans it btfi 
comes fo and fo figured and determined, and is en- 
dued with fach and fuch Properties : In Pharmku 
9', or the Apothecaries Art, Concretion, k a thidk- 
ning of any boifd Liquor or Juice info a more 
folid Mafs. 

CbnrtfftWla; trff oM Latin Records) a Tofd; a 
Penn, or Place where Cattle lie together. 

ConCuWttaffCj the keeping of tf ConcuWfce* or 
Mifs^ Fornication, Whoredom. In a Legal Senft % 
ati Exception againft a Woman that fues for her 
Dower, whereby ft is alledg'd, That fhe h not 
a Wife lawfully marry'd to the Party, in whbfe 
Lands fhe feeks to be endow'd, but his Concu. 

ConCUMtte, a Woman that lies and lives with 
a Man, as if /he were his lawful Wife 5 an Har- 
lot, or'Strumpet. 

t Conettlcatton, a damping upon, a treading, 
or trampling under Foot. 

Concttptfcentej an over-eager, or earneft De- 
fire, a coveting; efpecially an inordinate DdSre 

ConewpttCtHf, as The Concufifdhte Appetite or 
Faculty, i. e. that Affeftion of the Mind, which 
ftirs up to covet or defire any thing. 

To CottCttrt, (properly to run with other*) to 
confpire, to help, to agree with one in foracthing, 
to give one's Confent. 

m Concnttence, Meeting, Affiftance, Approba- 

Concnnent, joyntly confentlng, or agreeing 

r4tid Feffer Third; as alfo the greater and 




Digitized by 


»Tif in 

6 Q 

C Q 

'> J 

A COltCUrreut* a Competitor, or "Rival, onef 
tWF ttfihdS for a thffig frRh another 1 , r 

1 ! C*ftttmfitg oV Cmmttietit jFtoitt& (inG**m,; 

arefuch as bemg^laid one upon another, will ex- 
a£Uy meer^nd cdvc¥' one another* Thus it is a 
received Axiom, with refpeft to plain, or fuper- 
ficial Figures, Qtod'qu* fibi mutm congruunt, funt 
tqualta, i. e. thole Figures which will exactly co- 
ver one anbther are 4 emiai . 

COUCttfttOn, a flaking, or jumbling together : 
Alio Publirk Extctftlbtt; when an Officer, or Ma- 
giftrate pillages the People, by Threats, or Pre- 
' tence of Authority. . 

COUCtrlRouacPj an Extortioner, one that prac- 
tifes fuch kind of Extortion, or Violence. 

To COUU or COlUt, (Sea-term) to <ondu£l, or 
guide a Ship in the fight Courfe; for he that 
conhs , ftanda aloft with a Compafs before him, 
and gives the Wordof Difeftion to the Man at 
the Helm how to Iteer. 

If the Ship go before the Wind* or betwixt 
two Sheets, the Words of Art are, Port the Helm t 
i. e. put trie Helm oft the Left-hand, or Left-fide 
of the Ship 5 or Starboard the Hebn i i. e. put it 
to the Right 5 a*nd then the Ship will always go 
the contrary Way. If the Conder fay, Helm a 
Md-Jbth he would have the Ship go right before 
the Wind, or direftly between her two Sheets. 
If the Ship fail by a Wind, or on a Quarter- wind, 
the Won! is a4oof I f(eep your Loof! fall not off I 
veer no more! I^eep her to ? touch the Wind ! have a 
v care of the Lee-latch I All which Expreffioos are of 
the fame Signification, only imply that the Steers^ 
roan flaould keep the Ship near the Wind : On 
the, contrary, to make her go more large, or more 
before the Wind, the ufual Phrafes are, Eafe the 
Helm ! No near ! Bear up ! But if the Conder fay 
Steady, his meaning is that the Ship fhould b* 
kept from making Yaws, or going in and out j 
and when he would have her go juft as (he does* 
he cries Keep her thus , thus ! &c. 

To Cott&Cmtt) (J^ .) to fentence one to Death j 
to blame, difapprove, or diflike. 

Contrttnttable, that deferves to be condemned* 

Con&emitattOtl, Condemning, Sentence. 

CottDenfanttaj (Lor.) Medicines that are of a 
thickening Quality. 

CoitWnfatttm, the Aft of condenfing, thick- 
ening, or hardening : In a Philofopbieal &nfe y it is, 
when a natural Body takes up tefe Space, or is 
confined within lefs Dimenfions than it was be- 

To Cottfieufate or C0tt&01tfe, to thicker), to 
make thick; or to grow thick : In PhMofophy, to 
bring the Parts of a Body into a narrower Com- 
pafs ; the oppofite Term being to R*rijy. 

Conner* one that conds, or gives Direftions to 
the Steers-man for the guiding, or governing of 
a Ship- Conders are alfo thole that ftand upon 
high Places near the Sea-coaft, to make Signs to 
the Pilhers, with Boughs, 8v. in their Hands, 
Shewing which way the Shoal of Herrings pafles $ 
which they can more eafily difcern from thence, 
by a kind of blue Colour the Fifh rnake in the 
Water, than thofe that are in the Ships and 
Boats: They are otherwife call'd Hewers and 

To CottbefcetUr, (Lot.) to comply, ftibmit, or 
jpeldto, to vouch fafe. 

ContlCfcClrtettCp, the Aft of condefcending, or 
complying 5 Complaifance, or Compliance. 

<Sdtttton» that is according to Merit, worthy, 
iuitible, befitting. 

Con&tftfpfe, a School-fellow, or Fellow^ftu- 


„ tfOtOttCQj feafontd* 

iConDlceUlcnt* "a "Composition of Coplervcs, 
PoWders and Spke; made ii£ itf ibftrt of a*i £lep 
tuary, with a convenient Quantity of JSjJ^' 7o J* 

COttWti&tt, the Nature, 1 1 Stated WWWO- 
ccs of a Perioti, oT t Thing ^(^LdHtyi'oV D&kfi 
alfo an Article, Claufc, or'ProVifo dfiCbv^ii^, 

Treaty, dv. According to the 


formance, Benefit and Advantage. 

To CouWtfolt toftf) One, to make a Bargain, of 
Agreement with him. " ". \ l " 

'Contritions!, belonging to, or irhplying ceAain 
Conditions, or Terms. * 

Conoittonal ^jopoffttottjr, (in Lojkk) aftftch 

as confilt of two Parts join'd together by thecals 
tide \j s of which the firft, including the'Gopdi- 
tion, is call'd the Antecedent \ and the other ttie 
Confeqttent : Thus, // the Soul be Spiritual, h ' h 
Immortal, is a Conditional Proportion,* in iWnch 
the Claufe, If the Soul be Spiritual," is the Antece- 
dent, and the other It h Immortal j is the^^on- 
fequent. r '' 

ConUttionC^ endued with certain Condition^ 
or Qualities. rt 

To Cotl&o!^ to exprefs one's Sofrow ttf 1 ano- 
ther for fome Lofs of his. ^J 

CottWletiep, the Aft of condoling, or falling 
(hare in another's Grief. 

COtt&dltatfOtt, a Pardoning, or Forgiving. * 

Cotl&jflte or C0tl^«lorf, (Or.) an HerB ib 
Stalk and Flower like wild Endive 5 wild'Su^tt- 
ry, D